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In many parliaments and other similar assemblies, seating is arranged in banks or rows, with each political party or caucus grouped together. The spokespeople for each group will sit at the front of their group, are known as being on the frontbench and are described as frontbenchers; those sitting behind them are known as backbenchers. Independent and minority parties sit to the side or on benches between the two sides, are referred to as crossbenchers. In the British House of Commons, the Government frontbench is traditionally called the Treasury bench; the government frontbench is on the right hand side as seen by the Chairman, is occupied by Government ministers. The opposition frontbench is occupied by shadow ministers, of which the most senior form the Shadow Cabinet. While backbenchers are referred to in the House of Commons of Canada, the front seats on the government side are reserved for cabinet ministers. Front row members of the governing party are not referred to as frontbenchers, but as cabinet ministers.

Some "frontbenchers" sit in the centre of the second row, so as to be seen directly behind the party leader during Question Period. The same arrangement exists for each provincial territorial legislature of Yukon. In the case of Nunavut and Northwest Territories where there is consensus government with a non-partisan makeup, ministers sit amongst regular members. A front bench in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas of the Republic of Ireland, refers to any organised group of party members who holds any degree of speaking power on specific issues; the Teachtaí Dála who are members of the Government of Ireland constitute the government front bench, while the members of parties in declared opposition to the government constitute the opposition front bench. The Parliament of Australia has a front bench. Backbencher Frontbench definition from BBC News

Vincenzo Riccati

Vincenzo Riccati was a Venetian mathematician and physicist. Vincenzo Riccati was the brother of Giordano Riccati, the second son of Jacopo Riccati, he entered the Society of Jesus on December 20, 1726. He taught belles lettres in the colleges of the Order in Piacenza and Parma, he went to Rome to study theology. In 1739 he was assigned to the Collegio di San Francesco Saverio of Bologna, where he taught mathematics for thirty years, he was among the first members of the Italian National Academy of Sciences. Riccati's main research continued the work of his father in mathematical analysis in the fields of the differential equations and physics. In 1757 he published the first volume of Opusculorum ad res physicas et mathematicas pertinentium, the second volume appearing in 1762. In collaboration with Hieronymo Saldino he contributed to Institutiones Analyticae, volume one in 1765, volume two in 1767. List of Roman Catholic scientist-clerics Danilo Capecchi. History of Virtual Work Laws: A History of Mechanics Prospective.

Springer. ISBN 9788847020566. Natucci, A.. "Riccati, Vincenzo". Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. O'Connor, John J..

Debra Opri

Debra Ann Opri, is an American attorney. Opri's main office is in Los Angeles. Opri is licensed to practice law in California, New York, New Jersey, the District of Columbia D. C.. Opri is best known as a celebrity attorney and guest commentator on divorce and other high-profile cases Debra Opri was born in New Jersey, she graduated from Whittier Law School, Costa Mesa, California. Opri has been practicing law in California for thirty years Debra Opri is a lawyer who gained a reputation as a celebrity attorney when she represented James Brown against a sexual harassment lawsuit by a former employee. Opri came to international attention as the lawyer who represented the parents of Michael Jackson, Joseph Jackson and Katherine Jackson, who hired Opri to protect their interests after their son was charged with child molestation. Other high-profile cases included Anna Nicole Smith on a paternity action by her ex-boyfriend. Debra Opri was successful in securing the father's paternity rights and in his gaining custody of his daughter, after Anna Nicole died in February, 2007.

Kevin Hart, Liza Marquez against David Caruso. In the Nichelle Nichols case Opri represents Nichols manager Gilbert Bell. Opri represents the football player, Legarrette Blount, among other professionals. Debra Opri is licensed to practice law in California, New York, New Jersey, the District of Columbia, is the founder of the law firm, Opri & Associates, APLC, located in Beverly Hills, California. Debra Opri continues to practice law through her law firm and continues to be a media personality on current legal cases and issues, with regular television and radio appearances. Opri has been sought out by national media to comment of high profile cases, including International Business Times and Life and Style on Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt Divorce; the Daily Beast on Justin Bieber. Inside Edition on Jerry Lewis; the Lawyer Monthly on US Supreme Court Ruling on Muslin Ban. Fox News on the Johnny Depp and Amber Heard breakup. Debra Opri Official Site

Margarita Musto

Margarita Musto is a Uruguayan actress, theater director, translator and general and artistic director of the Comedia Nacional. Margarita Musto graduated in 1982 from the Margarita Xirgu Multidisciplinary School of Dramatic Art, she has worked under directors such as Carlos Aguilera, Jorge Curi, Mario Morgan, Omar Varela, China Zorrilla, David Hammond, Valentin Tepliakov. She participated in works by classic authors such as Chekhov and Federico García Lorca, she worked on the television series Los Tres. In cinema, she played the leading role in La historia casi verdadera de Pepita la Pistolera, under the direction of Beatriz Flores Silva. For this role she received awards at the Guadalajara International Film Festival and the 12th Cinematographic Festival of Uruguay. In 2008, Flores Silva directed her again in Polvo nuestro que estás en los cielos, she has participated in other films such as Retrato de mujer con hombre al fondo by Manane Rodríguez, La memoria de Blas Quadra and Estrella del sur by Luis Nieto.

As a theater actress, one of Musto's most relevant works was Breaking the Code by Hugh Whitemore, about the life of Alan Turing. Directed by Héctor Manuel Vidal, the play ran for four years and more than 300 showings, as of 1994. Other important interpretations in her career were El método Grönholm, Una relación pornográfica, Sonata de otoño, Madre Coraje, An Inspector Calls, her play En honor al mérito, based on the investigation of the murder of Zelmar Michelini, in which she acted, was released in 2000 at El Galpón theater. Thanks to this work, she won the 2001 Florencio Award in the best national author text category, the first dramaturgy prize of the IMM. In 2011 she again received the Florencio for best direction and the best theatrical show of the season for Blackbird by Scottish dramatist David Harrower. Another of her successes as a director was Top Girls by the English playwright Caryl Churchill. Muasto has translated plays from English into Spanish, she teaches at the Film School of Uruguay, as well as holding acting workshops.

From 2 January 2013 to 2016, she served as director general and artistic director of the Comedia Nacional, being the first woman to hold that position. In 2004 the Uruguayan branch of B'nai B'rith presented her with the Fraternity Award for her theatrical career, she was the wife of theater director Héctor Manuel Vidal, who died in 2014. Her daughter María Vidal Musto is a theater actress. La historia casi verdadera de Pepita la Pistolera Retrato de mujer con hombre al fondo La memoria de Blas Quadra Estrella del sur Polvo nuestro que estás en los cielos ¿Cómo te clasifico? Breadcrumbs Margarita Musto on IMDb

Tokyo Area Control Center

Tokyo Area Control Center is an air traffic control center located in the Namiki area of Tokorozawa, Saitama Prefecture, Japan in the Greater Tokyo Area. The center is north of the special wards of Tokyo; as of 2001 the center controlled airspace in the Kantō, Jōetsu, Tōhoku, Chūbu, Hokuriku regions and a portion of the Kansai region. On Wednesday, January 31, 2001, two Japan Airlines aircraft narrowly avoided a mid-air collision; the two airliners conflicted. Japan Airlines Flight 958, using a Douglas DC-10, descended according to TCAS instructions. A center employee told Japan Airlines Flight 907, using a Boeing 747-400, to descend while its TCAS told the pilots to climb. Tokyo Area Control Center


Neuenegg is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. Neuenegg is first mentioned in 1228 as Nuneca. In 1235 it was mentioned as Nuwenegge. During the Middle Ages, Neuenegg was part of the Herrschaft of Laupen. In 1324, the entire Herrschaft was acquired by Bern. Neuenegg was one of the six courts of the new Bernese bailiwick of Laupen; the court was held in the church yard it moved to the village pub. In 1339, during the Battle of Laupen, the Bernese and Swiss Confederation forces deployed on the Bramberg hill near Neuenegg. Fribourg and Habsburg forces attacked the hill and after heavy fighting were driven away with heavy losses; the Swiss and Bernese victory on the Bramberg brought Bern into closer association with the Swiss Confederacy, becoming one of the Eight Cantons in 1353. The village parish church of St. John was first mentioned in 1227 when Emperor Frederick II granted it to the Teutonic Knights; the current aisle was built in the 13th or 14th century, the choir is from 1452 and the church tower was built in 1512-16.

The first village school was built in the 17th century. During the French invasion of 1798 a major battle was fought near Neuenegg. Under the command of Johann Rudolf von Graffenried the Bernese triumphed over numerically superior French troops under Brigadier General Pigeon on 5 March 1798. However, after the Bernese defeat that same day at the Battle of Grauholz, the collapse of the Ancien Régime could no longer be avoided. Neuenegg was located near the Bern-Fribourg trade road. In 1470 Fribourg built a bridge across the Sense river at Neuenegg and brought the road directly through the town, it remained on the main road for several centuries. However, in the 19th century, the new, main cantonal road bypassed Neuenegg. In 1860 a railroad line was built which bypassed the village, it wasn't until 1903. In the same year, Nestlé opened a milk processing factory in Neuenegg. In 1927 the Bernese company Wander AG acquired the factory to produce Ovaltine. In 1967 the factory was acquired by Novartis AG when they acquired Wander.

In 2002 Associated British Foods acquired the company and the factory, still one of the largest employers in the municipality. Neuenegg has an area of 21.83 km2. As of 2012, a total of 11.49 km2 or 52.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 8.35 km2 or 38.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.97 km2 or 9.0 % is settled, 0.15 km2 or 0.7 % is either lakes. During the same year and buildings made up 5.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.7%. Out of the forested land, 37.1% of the total land area is forested and 1.1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 35.7% is used for growing crops and 15.0% is pastures, while 1.9% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water, it is located on a plateau on the right bank of the Sense River. It includes the village of Neuenegg and half of Thörishaus as well as a number of hamlets including Bärfischenhaus, Bramberg, Brügelbach and Landstuhl, it includes a portion of the Forsts, a nature preserve in Bern.

On 31 December 2009 the municipality's former district, was dissolved. On the following day, 1 January 2010, it joined the newly created Verwaltungskreis Bern-Mittelland; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure a Mullet Or on a Mount of 3 Coupeaux Vert. Neuenegg has a population of 5,541; as of 2010, 9.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 0.2%. Migration accounted for -0.1%, while births and deaths accounted for 0.3%. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, French is the second most common and Italian is the third. There are 3 people; as of 2008, the population was 49.6 % female. The population was made up of 2,193 Swiss men and 264 non-Swiss men. There were 2,219 Swiss women and 198 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality, 1,313 or about 30.1% were born in Neuenegg and lived there in 2000. There were 1,728 or 39.6% who were born in the same canton, while 774 or 17.7% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 418 or 9.6% were born outside of Switzerland.

As of 2011, children and teenagers make up 19.9% of the population, while adults make up 60.7% and seniors make up 19.4%. As of 2000, there were 1,703 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 2,215 married individuals, 231 widows or widowers and 213 individuals who are divorced; as of 2010, there were 652 households that consist of only one person and 109 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 1,784 apartments were permanently occupied, while 108 apartments were seasonally occupied and 37 apartments were empty; as of 2010, the construction rate of new housing units was 0.2 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2012, was 0.34%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the Swiss People's Party which received 33.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Social Democratic Party, the Conservative Democratic Party and the FDP.

The Liberals. In the federal election, a total of 1,782 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 49.2%. As of