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Grand Prix Sunbeams 1922

Sunbeam Works Racing cars participated in the 1922 XVI Grand Prix de l'A. C. F. in Strasbourg. The race took place on 15 July 1922 and was run to a formula stipulating that maximum engine capacity should not exceed 2 litres and that the cars should be two-seaters weighing not less than 650 kg; the formula was to remain in force for four years producing "fields of brilliance to be unequalled for many years" it was the first rolling massed start in the history of Grand Prix motor-racing. Three Ernest Henry-designed team cars were constructed for the event and a similar fourth test car served as a test and spare car until its engine was ruined by fire before the race. During the race the engines in all three Sunbeam team cars failed and none finished. After the Grand Prix one of the Sunbeam cars was entered in a Brooklands race. All four cars were subsequently sold to privateers and entered in various events with varied levels of success. All three team cars and the test/practice car survive as a rare example of a complete British Works team of the Vintage era.

However, only one is original. The course near the French city of Strasbourg was a triangular of unpaved public roads with three near straights and three sharp corners; the start line where elaborate viewing tribunes and fronting ‘pits’ were built was at Duppigheim, first corner was at Entzheim, second at Innenheim, final corner at Duttlenheim. It was 8.31 miles long. In practice it became clear. In the race, the Sunbeams could not match the performance of the Fiats, safe engine revolutions were exceeded and the inlet valves fractured. Jean Chassagne in car No.9, the team leader and winner of that year's IoM T. T. with a modified 1921 Grand Prix Sunbeam retired after only five laps as did K. Lee Guinness in car No.16. Segrave, in car No.21, the junior team member, in his second Grand Prix lasted ‘approximately half the full distance’. He was to remember this event as ‘sheer misery’. On 30 September 1922 the Essex M. C. put over a series of Speed Championships. The 2-litre 8.5mile event was won in one of the Grand Prix Sunbeams by H.

O. D. Segrave at 92.81 mph, fastest lap 99.81 mph. This was the only success; the failure of the cars had irreparable damage on their designer Ernest Henry's reputation and career. Despite the mechanical weakness of its rear axle, the performance of the Fiat 804 convinced Louis Coatalen, Sunbeam's general manager, to use the design as inspiration for his winning series of Grand Prix cars between 1923 -1925; the 1922 Sunbeam engines which failed during the race were repaired, the advanced servo operated brake systems were removed and installed in the 1923 Grand Prix Sunbeams. The gear lever was repositioned to the centre of the cockpit. A few years after a ‘cooling period’ the cars were sold into private hands. All three 1922 team cars as well as the fourth Test / Practice car survive today. However, only one is original. Designed by Ernest Henry in Suresnes, with input from Louis Coatalen and the Sunbeam Experimental Department Wolverhampton. Jean Chassagne was liaising and in charge of testing. Before the Great War Ernest Henry was a part of the successful and innovative ‘Charlatans’ who designed the first double overhead cams four valve Grand Prix engines for the 1912 Peugeot.

The aluminum body was the latest in streamlining and is typical of the Post Great War Henry design with the spare wheel carried longitudinally in the tail and braced by the large fuel tank. Each of the three team cars was designed around its intended driver integrating each driver's requirements and preferences; the asymmetrically inclined valves were a significant departure for Henry and may be attributable to Sunbeam and Coatalen whose interest in desaxé configuration dated to 1911. Another unusual detail was the engine mounted directly on the chassis frame to the 1921'invincible Talbot-Darracq'. Following tests in Brooklands and Isle of Man prior to the Grand Prix, modifications were instigated to the tail support bracket. Different carburetor configurations and different tyre types were tried, axle ratios experimented with, aero screens and mudguards were installed or removed as required. Body in British Racing Green, black wheels and black leather trim. Upswept chassis over front and back axles to lower centre of gravity.

Three-piece machined and polished front axle. Front cross rear form the frame. Underslung polished semi-elliptical Jonas Woodhead and Sons springs all around. Hartford shock absorbers fitted each corner. High-geared worm and white-metal nut steering box with a cord bound spring-spoked steel steering wheel. Narrow streamlined all aluminium staggered two-seater body. Louvred under-pan ran the length of the car. Wheelbase 8 ft 2 in. Tyres tested at Brooklands and el

Faith and Courage

Faith and Courage is the fifth studio album by Irish singer Sinéad O'Connor, released on 13 June 2000, by Atlantic Records. It was O'Connor's first release in three years, her previous album being the greatest hits package So Far... The Best of Sinéad O'Connor in 1997, plus it was her first studio album in six years. O'Connor composed a majority of the tracks on Faith and Courage and production duties were shared by a variety of artists including Wyclef Jean, David A. Stewart, Brian Eno, Kevin "She'kspere" Briggs, Anne Preven and Scott Cutler among others. In 1998, Sinéad O'Connor left label Ensign Records and signed with Atlantic Records, but her album was delayed due to her personal struggles, including the birth of her daughter, an alleged suicide attempt, a bitter custody battle and becoming a priestess in a religious order. O'Connor described Faith and Courage, her first album with Atlantic, as a record about "survival" which depicted her own troubled "journey" as she bared her soul on a series of autobiographical and cathartic songs.

"It's a little scary to be back. I wanted to make a record, strong and positive. It's about getting my spirit back on its feet and standing up", she said. Andy Murray, marketing director of Warner Music Europe, commented: "It's the right time for her to break her silence, and everybody seems to think. The marketing campaign is about reminding people, but despite the long gap, nobody seems to need reminding. There's a real excitement around the record, which has surprised a lot of people". Faith and Courage received positive reviews from music critics, including the best ones she had received in years. Irish Hot Press magazine suggested that the album was O'Connor's equivalent of Bob Dylan's Blood on the Tracks, it was placed on Slant Magazine's list of best albums of the 2000s at number 99. The album was certified gold in Australia in 2000; as of 2014, sales in the United States have exceeded 219,000 copies, according to Nielsen SoundScan. Sinéad O'Connor - vocals, backing vocals Skip McDonald - guitar, bass guitar, keyboards Carlton "Bubblers" Ogilvie - bass guitar, piano Professor Stretch - programming, keyboards Rusty Anderson, Derek Scott, David A. Stewart, Scott Cutler - guitar Paul Bushnell, Jah Wobble - bass guitar Scot Coogan, Lil John, Chris Sharrock, John Reynolds - drums Jeff Turzo, Simon Mundey, Mark Price, Andy Wright - programming David Campbell - strings arrangement, viola Joel Derouin - violin Larry Corbet - cello Kieran Kiely - whistle Caroline Dale - strings Blandinna Melky Jean - additional vocals on track 4 Chucho Merchan - additional bass guitar on track 6 Little Roy - backing vocals on track 6 Zac Rae, David Levita - keyboards Anne Preven - backing vocals on track 9 Karren Berz - orchestral arrangement Bonjo I Abinghi Noah - percussion Faith and Courage at Metacritic