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Frot is a non-penetrative form of male-to-male sexual activity that involves direct penis-to-penis contact. The term was popularized by gay male activists who disparaged the practice of anal sex, but has since evolved to encompass a variety of preferences for the act, which may or may not imply particular attitudes towards other sexual activities. Owing to its non-penetrative character, frot has the safe sex advantage of minimizing the transmission risk for HIV/AIDS; the modern definition of frot emerged in a context of a debate about the status of anal sex within the gay male community. One view argued that the popularity of anal sex would decline with a corresponding drop in HIV rates, if gay men could somehow be persuaded to stop thinking of anal sex as a "vanilla" practice, but rather as something "kinky" and not-quite-respectable—as was the case in the 1950s and 1960s, when gay men who preferred to do only mutual masturbation and fellatio sometimes used the disparaging slang term brownie queen for aficionados of anal sex.

Gay activist Bill Weintraub began to promote and recommend the gender-specific meaning of "penis-to-penis rubbing" as frot on Internet forums sometime in the late 1990s, said he coined the term. "I don't use the word'frottage,' because it is an ersatz French word which can indicate any sort of erotic rubbing," he stated. "Frot, by contrast, is always phallus-to-phallus sex." Weintraub believes, what actual sex is – genital-genital contact. Alternative terms for frot include frictation, which can refer to the wider meaning of frottage but penis-penis sex sword-fighting, Oxford style, Princeton rub, Ivy League rub. Frot can be enjoyable because it mutually and stimulates the genitals of both partners as it tends to produce pleasurable friction against the frenulum nerve bundle on the underside of each man's penile shaft, just below the urinary opening of the penis head. Since frot is a non-penetrative sex act, the risk of passing a sexually transmitted infection that requires direct contact between the mucous membranes and pre-ejaculate or semen is reduced.

HIV is among the infections that require such direct contact, research indicates that there is no risk of HIV transmission via frot. However, frot can still transmit other sexually transmitted infections, such as pubic lice. Vaccines are available against HPV; some gay men, or men who have sex with men in general, prefer to engage in frot or other forms of mutual masturbation because they find it more pleasurable or more affectionate than anal sex, to preserve technical virginity, or as safe sex alternatives to anal penetration. This preference has led to some debate in the gay male and MSM community regarding what constitutes "real sex" or the most sensual expression of sexual intimacy; some frot advocates consider "two genitals coming together by mingling, sliding" and rubbing to be sex more than other forms of male sexual activity. Other men who have sex with men associate male masculinity with the sexual positions of "tops" and "bottoms" during anal sex. During anal sex, the insertive partner may be referred to as the active partner.

The one being penetrated may be referred to as the passive partner. Preference for either is referred to as versatile; some frot advocates insist that such roles introduce inequality during sexual intimacy, that frot is "equal" because of mutual genital-genital stimulation. The lack of mutual genital stimulation and role asymmetry has led other frot advocates to denounce anal sex as degrading to the receptive partner; this view of dominance and inequality associated with sex roles is disputed by researchers who state that it is not clear that specific sexual acts are indicative of general patterns of masculinity or dominance in a gay male relationship, that, for both partners, anal intercourse can be associated with being masculine. Additionally, some frot advocates, such as Bill Weintraub, are concerned with diseases that may be acquired through anal sex. In a 2005 article in The Advocate, one anal sex opponent said that no longer showing anal sex as erotic would help avoid HIV/AIDS, opined that some gay men perceived him to be antigay when he was only trying to keep gay and bisexual men alive and healthy.

Gay men, MSM in general, who prefer anal sex may view it as " version of intercourse" and as "the natural apex of sex, a wonderful expression of intimacy, a great source of pleasure". Psychologist Walt Odets said, "I think that anal sex has for gay men the same emotional significance that vaginal sex has for heterosexuals." The act is viewed as vanilla sex among MSM, is thought to be expected by MSM who do not prefer the act. "Some people like because it seems taboo or naughty," stated author and sex therapist Jack Morin. "Some people like the flavor of dominance and submission... some don’t."MSM who defend the essential validity of anal sex have rejected claims made by radical frot advocates. Others have at times disparaged frottage as a makeshift, second-rate form of male/male intimacy—something better left to inexperienced teenagers and "closeted" older men. Odets said, "No one would propose that we initiate a public health measure by de-eroticizing vaginal sex, it would sound like a ridiculous idea.

It's no less ridiculous for gay men."The Huffington Post contributor and sexo

Backhouse (1799 ship)

Backhouse was launched at Hull in 1799 as a West Indiaman. Mather & Co. purchased her in 1800 and employed her on two whaling voyages to the Southern Whale Fishery. They sold her in 1805 and her new owner sailed her to the West Indies. In September 1806, as she was homeward-bound, her crew burned her. Backhouse enters Lloyd's Register in 1800 with Backhouse, T. Roberts, changing to J. Redman, her trade was Hull-Jamaica. Captain Thomas Roberts received a letter of marque for Backhouse on 18 December 1800, she made two whaling voyages for Mather & Co. In 1801 her master is her trade Liverpool-Jamaica. Although ownership of Backhouse changed to Mather & Co. in 1801, this did not appear in Lloyd's Register until 1803. Whaling voyage #1: Backhhouse sailed in 1801 with Hugh Wyer, master. At some point Captain Tristram Bunker replaced Wyer, she returned to Britain on 4 January 1803. Her owner was Co.. Whaling voyage #2: Backhouse, Tristram Bunker, left Britain on 1 February 1803, bound for the Galapagos Islands.

She reached at Cape Verde on 7 March. She and Coldsteam were well off the coast of "Chili" in August, she and Wilding were next reported "all well" at the "Gallipagos" by 4 October. In May 1804 she was off the coast of Peru. On 5 August she was reported around Cape Horn, she returned to Britain on 11 July 1805. Lloyd's Register for 1805 showed Backhouse changing hands again, undergoing repairs, her owner became Captain & Co. her master was Kelly, her trade was now London-West Indies instead of London-Chilli. In September 1806 news arrived in Britain that Backhouse, Kelly and another vessel of the homeward-bound merchant fleet, had foundered as Backhouse was sailing to London from Demerara. A report a few days corrected this news. On 3 September 1806 her crew had burnt Backhouse. Citations References Clayton, Jane M. Ships employed in the South Sea Whale Fishery from Britain: 1775-1815: An alphabetical list of ships.. ISBN 978-1908616524

Mona Brand

Mona Brand was a twentieth-century Australian playwright and freelance writer. She wrote under the name Alexis Fox. Whilst living, Brand was more well known in Europe than in Australia, so much so that Brand subtitled her 1995 autobiography, Enough Blue Sky: the autobiography of Mona Brand... an unknown well-known writer. Brand was born in Sydney on 22 October 1915, to Violet Brand, she had an older brother, a younger, Deryck. In the early 1930s, her father was second engineer on ship S. S. Cape Leeuwin servicing lightships between Brisbane and Darwin. There were literary influences in her family. In one letter to Brand, her father included an original poem The Carpentaria Lightship which she unsuccessfully attempted to have published in The Bulletin. Brand's mother, Violet Nixon, was the youngest daughter of journalist, government surveyor and poet Francis Hodgson Nixon, whose collection of poetical pieces The Legends and Lays of Peter Perfume putatively'collected and edited by Francis H' was published in Melbourne by F. F. Bailliere in 1865.

When Brand was seven years old, her mother died of a self-induced abortion, she was sent to live with relatives in Rockhampton, attending the Rockhampton Girls Grammar School. At the age of eleven she moved back to Sydney, finishing her education at North Sydney Girls' High School. Brand wrote of her childhood feelings of displacement in her autobiography, Enough Blue Sky, which she published in 1995, she felt the disparity between her own treatment and the treatment her brothers received, noticed other disparities in class and race from an early age. She believed this informed her writing and opinions; when she was in high school she aspired to become a journalist. Brand's first job was as a copy-writer with The Sun in Sydney. During World War II, she worked as a social worker and as a research officer for the Department of Labour and National Service, she worked in London between 1948 and 1954 as a typist for the BBC in Hanoi, Vietnam in 1956-57 as an English teacher, subsequently returning to Australia.

On 26 September 1955 Mona married Len Fox, a journalist for the Communist Party, a poet and fiction writer. Their marriage was, in the words of Brand's friends and herself, a "marriage of true minds", they remained together until his death in Sydney on 9 January 2004, aged 98. Brand was a member of the Communist Party of Australia from 1947 to 1970 "making a clear distinction that she was a member of the Australian Communist Party, not the Soviet Party." She was quoted as saying, "when I joined the Communist Party it was not so much because I agreed with Karl Marx as because I felt he and his followers agreed with me." Brand was noted in the translation of Better a Millstone as a "progressive Australian writer."Much of Brand's social activism was expressed through her work, through her relationship with New Theatre. Most of her plays carry clear political messages. One of her most popular plays, Here Comes Kisch, discusses the events of Egon Kisch's exclusion from Australia in 1935. Kisch, a communist and Anti-Nazi, prohibited from entering Australia, is portrayed throughout the play as an intelligent, down to earth man, while the German officials are written as sycophants.

Other notable political plays include Our'Dear' Relations, a play which satirises the consumerism of Mother's Day and discusses the disadvantage of the working class within the capitalist system, Better a Millstone, which concerns injustice in the criminal sentencing of youth in England and draws on the Derek Bentley case, Here Under Heaven, a play about sexism and racism, both towards Asians and Aboriginals. Brand was a prominent member of the NSW Branch of the Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship, was a strong advocate of Aboriginal rights. With Fox, she campaigned for a'yes' vote in the 1967 referendum to have Aboriginal Australians recognised in the Australian Constitution, as noted by Governor General, Sir William Deane at the Reconciliation Convention in 1997. In 1956, Brand travelled to Vietnam to assist the Vietnamese revolution through her affiliations with the CPA, she assisted Radio Hanoi and the Voice of Vietnam with English translations returning to Australia the following year. The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation held a security file on Brand from 1950, detailing her movements and activities.

The file was 379 pages. Brand read the file herself, expressed her distaste for ASIO's actions in a satirical piece in The Sydney Morning Herald in 2002. Brand joined the Victorian Branch of the Fellowship of Australian Writers during the war years, discussing her early works with fellow writers Leonard Mann, Frank Dalby Davison, Vance Palmer. After the war she joined the Melbourne Realist Writer's Group, where her first play Here Under Heaven was read; this group, which included writers such as Frank Hardy and Eric Lambert, recommended the play to Melbourne New Theatre and it was performed in 1948. Brand began writing theatre with a one-act play for an evening aid event for the Red Cross; the plays needed to have women only casts because the event was being run and organised by the Presbyterian Ladies College, Sydney. Her cousin was given a play to perform which she didn't like. Being roommates with Brand at the time, she asked if Brand could write something better for her that weekend. Brand agreed and wrote her first one-act play, a comedy about the learning curves of first aid treatments titled First Aid.

Brand travelled extensively overseas, going first to London in 1948. She attempted to interest London theatre grou

Quintus Petillius Cerialis

Quintus Petillius Cerialis Caesius Rufus, otherwise known as Quintus Petillius Cerialis was a Roman general and administrator who served in Britain during Boudica's rebellion and who went on to participate in the civil wars after the death of Nero. He crushed the rebellion of Julius Civilis and returned to Britain as its governor; because he succeeded Caesius Nasica as commander of Legio IX Hispana, since brothers are attested as serving in succession in the same post, Anthony Birley suggests that Cerialis was the younger brother of Nasica, had been adopted by Petillius Rufus, known as praetor in AD 28. However, in his monograph of naming practices in the first centuries of the Roman Empire Olli Salomies argues that Cerialis was the biological son of Petillius Rufus by a Caesia, who may have been the daughter of a Caesius Cerialis, Caesius Nasica would not be his brother, "but a close relative." His first important assignment was as legate of Legio IX Hispana in the Roman province of Britannia, under governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus.

In the defeat of the 60/61 rebellion led by Queen Boudica of the Iceni, Cerialis suffered a serious defeat when attempting to relieve the city of Camulodunum, taken by the Britons before he arrived. "The victorious enemy met Petilius Cerialis, commander of the ninth legion, as he was coming to the rescue, routed his troops, destroyed all his infantry. Cerialis escaped with some cavalry into the camp, was saved by its fortifications." As a relative of Vespasian, Cerialis was made a hostage by Vitellius in 69, during the civil wars of the Year of Four Emperors. Cerialis joined the Flavian army, he was one of the cavalry leaders. His role was to enter Rome via Sabine territory along the Via Salaria; this success and his brother-in-law's trust gave him the command of XIV Gemina stationed in the difficult province of Germania Inferior. Again, Cerialis had to deal with a local revolt, the Batavian rebellion, in which the local tribes, led by Julius Civilis, a romanized prince, besieged two Roman legions at Xanten.

Cerialis was again successful and received honours from Vespasian, which included his first consulate. In 71, Cerialis was appointed governor of Roman Britain, bringing the II Adiutrix with him to the province, he was supported by commander of XX Valeria Victrix. As governor, Cerialis campaigned against the Brigantes of northern England. In 74, Cerialis left Britain. According to the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, "Tacitus says that he was a bold soldier rather than a careful general, preferred to stake everything on the issue of a single engagement, he possessed natural eloquence of a kind that appealed to his soldiers. His loyalty to his superiors was unshakable". Quintus Petillius Cerialis'Imperial General: The Remarkable Career of Petilius Cerealis' by Philip Matyszak

Dymer (poem)

Dymer is a narrative poem by C. S. Lewis, he worked on this, his most important poem, as early as 1916—when still only 17 years old—and completed it in 1925. Dymer was his second published work. Lewis thought of himself as writing in the tradition of Homer, Milton and others. George Sayer's analysis suggests that the book is about the temptation of fantasies, "the fantasies of love and power." Dymer follows the adventures of its titular protagonist from his birth in a totalitarian state, mockingly referred to as'The Perfect City', to the events leading to his death at the hands of a monster he begat. From the opening, Dymer grows to the age of nineteen under the control of the state, under the influence of spring and the sight of a songbird, he rises in his lecture-hall and murders the aged lecturer before his class leaves the stunned civilians behind as he wanders outside The City. Dymer casts off his clothing along with civilization, wandering in the forests until he comes upon an empty mansion with food prepared.

After dressing himself again with finer clothing, feasting alone at a banquet table, Dymer sleeps with an unseen female figure who comes to him in the darkness of the mansion. Upon awakening, Dymer wanders blissfully in the woods. Returning to the palace in search of his lover, he finds every entry barred by a hideous old she-monster. After pleading with her to'yield but one inch. What happens at this point is uncertain, except that Dymer emerges wounded from the palace and limps into the woodlands, it begins to rain that night in the woods, Dymer encounters yet another person he cannot see in the dark, this time a wounded man. This man hails from The Perfect City, tells Dymer of what happened in his absence that a revolutionary named Bran used Dymer's actions and name to instill violent protest in the citizens, who went on to sack and raze the city. Dymer is dumbfounded at this information, stays silent in the night until the man's wounds prove fatal sets out again for the wilderness. Dymer encounters another individual in the wilderness, a man who uses a liquid to put himself into an extended dreaming state.

Convincing Dymer that the answer to his anguish is in the dreaming world, Dymer swallows a cup of the liquid. In his hallucination, Dymer encounters his former lover from the mansion, but realizes she is monstrous. Instead of accepting this as the truth, he flees the scene. Upon awakening, Dymer is threatened by the dreaming man, sets off into the wilderness again. Dymer arrives at a cemetery where he encounters an angelic guardian who tells Dymer of a horrible monster lurking about; the monster was conceived by a mortal. Realizing that the beast is his own offspring, Dymer states. Donning the guardian's armor, he prepares to fight the monster, which ends in his own death and the beast becoming a god. Hodgens, Richard. "Notes on Narrative Poems." CSL: The Bulletin of the New York C. S. Lewis Society. 7 no. 78: 1–14. King, Don W. Dymer; the C. S. Lewis Readers' Encyclopedia. Pages 144–146. Lewis, C. S. Preface to the 1950 edition of Narrative Poems. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1950. Murphy, Patrick.

"C. S. Lewis's Dymer: One More with Hesitation." CSL: The Bulletin of the New York C. S. Lewis Society. 17 no. 200: 1–8. Sayer, George. "C. S. Lewis's Dymer." VII: An Anglo-American Literary Review. 1980. Slack, Michael. "Sehnsucht and the Platonic Eros in Dymer." CSL: The Bulletin of the New York C. S. Lewis Society. 11 no. 130: 3–7. Walsh, Chad; the Literary Legacy of C. S. Lewis. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979

James DeBarge

James Curtis DeBarge is an American R&B/soul singer. DeBarge was one of the members of the singing family vocal group DeBarge, who became famous with their mid-1980s songs "All This Love", "Love Me in a Special Way", "Rhythm of the Night", "Who's Holding Donna Now", he is the seventh child born to Etterlene Abney DeBarge. Like all of his siblings, he was raised on the East Side of Detroit, Michigan; the family relocated to Grand Rapids, Michigan. As of 2000, DeBarge has worked with DJ Quik on such tracks as "Tha Divorce Song", as well as "Get Nekkid" by slain rapper Mausberg. In 2004, DeBarge made a song with the "Haitian Sensation" Won-G for a remix called "Nothing's Wrong", using the instrumental for the Quik/DeBarge track "Tha Divorce Song". Debarge made a small guest appearance in 2006 on the album 818 Antics, by rapper J-Ro, associated with the rap group Tha Liks. James along with brothers Mark, nephew Andrew, an unknown niece are performing on tour as DeBarge, they were featured in a "Flashback to the'80s" concert at San Manuel Casino in Highland, California along with Atlantic Starr, The SOS Band, the Mary Jane Girls.

In El's absence, James handled lead vocals. DeBarge performed three encores despite not being the top billed act. DeBarge is known for his 1984 marriage to pop singer Janet Jackson; the marriage was annulled in 1985 due to his cocaine addiction. During their marriage, they lived at the Jackson family home Hayvenhurst. In 2016, DeBarge claimed on Growing Up Hip-Hop. DeBarge's mother Etterlene and his sister Bunny believe Jackson had his child. DeBarge has three children: son James, Jr. and his youngest, daughter Tori. Kristinia appeared on 2003's American Idol spin-off American Juniors, received a recording contract through Island Def Jam Records. DeBarge performed with brothers El and Mark during a gospel service in late 2007. DeBarge is a practicing Christian. In 2012 DeBarge was imprisoned after being arrested for assault with a deadly weapon and drugs charges, he was released from prison three years in 2015. With DeBargesAll This Love In a Special Way Rhythm of the Night Bad Boys