Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards long and 65 yards wide attempting to advance a pointed oval-shaped ball into the opposing team's scoring area. In Canada, the term "football" may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or to either sport depending on context; the two sports have shared origins and are related but have some key differences. Rugby football in Canada originated in the early 1860s, over time, the game known as Canadian football developed. Both the Canadian Football League, the sport's top professional league, Football Canada, the governing body for amateur play, trace their roots to 1880 and the founding of the Canadian Rugby Football Union; the CFL is the most only major professional Canadian football league. Its championship game, the Grey Cup, is one of Canada's largest sporting events, attracting a broad television audience. In 2009, about 40% of Canada's population watched part of the game.
Canadian football is played at the bantam, high school, junior and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League, formed May 8, 1974, Quebec Junior Football League are leagues for players aged 18–22, many post-secondary institutions compete in U Sports football for the Vanier Cup, senior leagues such as the Alberta Football League have grown in popularity in recent years. Great achievements in Canadian football are enshrined in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame located in Hamilton, Ontario. Other organizations across Canada perform senior league Canadian football during the summer; the first documented football match was a practice game played on November 9, 1861, at University College, University of Toronto. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was Sir William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear; the first written account of a game played was on October 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds.
It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards resulting in a win by the Grenadier Guards 3 goals, 2 rouges to nothing. In 1864, at Trinity College, Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, Frederick A. Bethune, Christopher Gwynn, one of the founders of Milton, devised rules based on rugby football; the game gained a following, with the Hamilton Football Club formed on November 3, 1869, Montreal formed a team April 8, 1872, Toronto was formed on October 4, 1873, the Ottawa FBC on September 20, 1876. This rugby-football soon became popular at Montreal's McGill University. McGill challenged Harvard University to a game, in 1874 using a hybrid game of English rugby devised by the University of McGill; the first attempt to establish a proper governing body and adopted the current set of Rugby rules was the Foot Ball Association of Canada, organized on March 24, 1873 followed by the Canadian Rugby Football Union founded June 12, 1880, which included teams from Ontario and Quebec.
Both the Ontario and Quebec Rugby Football Union were formed, the Interprovincial and Western Interprovincial Football Union. The CRFU reorganized into an umbrella organization forming the Canadian Rugby Union in 1891; the original forerunners to the current Canadian Football League, was established in 1956 when the IRFU and WIFU formed an umbrella organization, The Canadian Football Council. In 1958 the CFC left the CRFU to become the CFL; the Burnside rules resembling American football that were incorporated in 1903 by the ORFU, was an effort to distinguish it from a more rugby-oriented game. The Burnside Rules had teams reduced to 12 men per side, introduced the Snap-Back system, required the offensive team to gain 10 yards on three downs, eliminated the Throw-In from the sidelines, allowed only six men on the line, stated that all goals by kicking were to be worth two points and the opposition was to line up 10 yards from the defenders on all kicks; the rules were an attempt to standardize the rules throughout the country.
The CIRFU, QRFU and CRU refused to adopt the new rules at first. Forward passes were not allowed in the Canadian game until 1929, touchdowns, five points, were increased to six points in 1956, in both cases several decades after the Americans had adopted the same changes; the primary differences between the Canadian and American games stem from rule changes that the American side of the border adopted but the Canadian side did not. The Canadian field width was one rule, not based on American rules, as the Canadian game was played in wider fields and stadiums that were not as narrow as the American stadiums; the Grey Cup was established in 1909 after being donated by Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, The Governor General of Canada as the championship of teams under the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada. An amateur competition, it became dominated by professional teams in the 1940s and early 1950s; the Ontario Rugby Football Union, the last amateur organization to compete for the trophy
Dontari Poe is an American football defensive tackle for the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League. He played college football at Memphis and was drafted by the Kansas City Chiefs 11th overall in the 2012 NFL Draft. Though a defensive lineman, at 6 ft 3 in and 346 lbs, he is known for being the largest player to either rush or pass for a touchdown while having a 100% pass completion percentage, passing TD, rushing TD. Poe entered Wooddale High School in Tennessee without any prior football experience, his coach, Cedric Miller, had spotted Poe practicing with the marching band in the summer before Poe's freshman year at Wooddale, told him to report to football practice the next day. By his junior season, he was an all-state honorable mention defensive lineman and credited with 63 tackles and eight sacks. Besides his hometown school Memphis, he was recruited by Auburn and Mississippi. Ole Miss invited him to their annual Junior Day. Keen on early playing time, Poe liked Auburn, because "they have two defensive tackles that are leaving early, so there is a good chance I will play early if I go there."Also a talented shot putter, Poe earned the Class 3-A title at the state meet with a throw of 56 ft 3 1⁄4 in as a junior.
In his senior year, he defended his title with a throw of 54 ft 1 1⁄4 in, won the discus throw in the state meet with a personal best throw of 156 ft 1 in. Poe claimed city and region track titles as a senior. Poe was regarded only as a two-star prospect by both Scout.com. He was ranked No. 92 by Scout, in a crop of defensive tackles, highlighted by Marcus Forston and DeAngelo Tyson, while Rivals did not have him listed among their top 75 defensive tackles, but as the No. 19 overall prospect out of Tennessee. Poe played for the Memphis Tigers football team of the University of Memphis from 2009 to 2011; as a redshirt freshman in 2009, he played in 11 of 12 games for the Tigers—he did not play against Houston due to a death in his family—including six starts at nose tackle, finished the year with 27 tackles, including 18 solo stops. He led the team in tackles for losses with seven, tied for the team lead in forced fumbles with three, he added two quarterback sacks, which tied for third-most. His performance earned him a Conference USA All-Freshman Team selection.
In his sophomore year, Poe became a consistent starter on the defensive line. He was one of six Tigers to start all 12 games in 2010, ended the year ranked fifth on the team in tackles with 41, fourth in TFL with 6.5. In the season opener against Mississippi State, he registered three tackles, all of which limited the Bulldogs to three or fewer yards, including one, for a loss of four yards. In a game versus UTEP, Poe had a season-high seven tackles, four of which limited the Miners to fewer than three yards, he managed to sack UTEP quarterback Trevor Vittatoe on a 3rd-and-8 in the first quarter for a loss of five yards. In October at Louisville, Poe registered. In recognition of his successful season, Poe earned an All-Conference-USA honorable mention. Prior to his junior season, he drew attention for his weight room performance and was named one of the "10 strongest men in college football" by ESPN′s Bruce Feldman. During the season, Poe started all 12 games on the defensive line and recorded at least one tackle in each game, tallying 33 tackles, 18 of which were solo stops.
He ranked third on the team with eight TFLs. In November, in a game against Marshall, Poe tied his career high in tackles with eight, he was selected second-team All-Conference USA, was listed as an honorable mention All-America pick by Pro Football Weekly, which evaluates players on NFL prospects and draft value rather just college production. On December 23, 2011, Poe announced that he would forgo his senior season and enter the 2012 NFL Draft. Soon thereafter, he announced, he concluded his college career having played in 35 contests, recording 101 tackles, 21.5 TFL, five sacks, four pass break-ups and four forced fumbles. Entering the NFL Combine as a potential second rounder, Poe impressed with an "epic workout performance" according to ESPN's Todd McShay, who afterwards projected him to go as high as No. 11 to the Kansas City Chiefs. NFL.com draft analyst Mike Mayock upgraded Poe from No. 3 to No. 1 in his defensive tackle positional ranking. Poe impressed with a 4.98 sec 40-yard dash, despite at 346 pounds being the fifth-heaviest defensive linemen to weigh in at the NFL Combine since 2000—behind only Terrence Cody, Ahmad Childress, Frank Okam, Alameda Ta'amu.
Additionally, he recorded 44 repetitions in the bench press, which tied Brodrick Bunkley for fourth-most since 2000. Due to his raw athleticism, some in the media afterwards compared him to All-Pro defensive lineman Haloti Ngata. Barack Obama referred to Poe while making a guest appearance on The B. S. Report stating. “I don’t know what you do if a guy like that hits you.” Poe was perceived as "the ideal two-gap 3–4 nose tackle" due to his massive frame, but former NFL defensive lineman John Thornton described Poe as "more of a move guy than a big space eater," able to play in a 4–3 defense, too. However, Thornton uttered concerns over Poe's mediocre college career. According to Jonathan Bales of the New York Times, Poe was "the ultimate boom-or-bust prospect—
A punter in American or Canadian football is a special teams player who receives the snapped ball directly from the line of scrimmage and punts the football to the opposing team so as to limit any field position advantage. This happens on a fourth down in American football and a third down in Canadian football. Punters may occasionally take part in fake punts in those same situations, when they throw or run the football instead of punting. A punter must be skilled in angling the football and/or kicking it as high as possible to maximize his teammates' ability to eliminate a punt returner's forward progress. A "standard" is that for a 42-yard fair-caught or out-of-bounds punt, the ideal hang time should be at least a tenth of it in seconds, but the linear relationship drops off once it hits over 50 yards. A skilled punter attempts to impart a spin to the ball that makes it harder to catch, increasing the odds of a muff that may lead to the punter's team regaining possession; the most common punting strategy involves receiving the snap in an deep shotgun formation punting as soon as the snap is received.
A less seen strategy is the "rugby-style" kick, in which the punter moves to the left or right, outside the offensive tackle, kicks the ball. Punters play a major role in winning the field position battle; because the backup quarterback is busy with the rest of the offense and has little time to devote to holding, the punter doubles as the holder on field goal attempts. The punter may receive some pass training to facilitate faked field goals and two-point conversion attempts; the punter has developed chemistry with the long snapper and is thus accustomed to catching a long-snapped ball. Punters are kickers and understand kicking mechanics better, such as knowing how far back to lean the ball as the kicker makes an attempt, better at judging when a field goal attempt should be aborted. Punters are on their own during team practices, allowing them the time to work with the kicker, so the punter and placekicker tend to develop a close rapport. Many punters double duty as kickoff specialists as most punters have been at one point field goal kickers as well, some, such as Craig Hentrich, have filled in as worthy backup field goal kickers.
Along with kicking, punters can throw the ball as well. This strategy is known as "the fake punt." Another common term is called "the trick play." Teams will use this key strategy when it is 4th down with maybe 8 or less yards to the first down marker. The punter has the ability to run or pass the ball to another teammate; when scrambling the punter is live to tackle. This strategy is used in a close game. Punters receive much attention or fan support, in part because their role is greatest when a team's offense is a failure and cannot get within field goal range. Thus, punters tend to receive the most attention when teams are bad, as they are one of the few players on the team performing up to par. However, punter can serve to give defenses pressure to pin the opponents deep within their territory, so giving defenses a short field, or to eliminate the threat of a punt return touchdown by return specialists. A coffin corner refers to the corner of the playing field just in front of the end zone from the 5-yard line to the goal line.
A perfect coffin corner kick is one that goes out of bounds just before either orange pylon located in the front of the end zone. The punter tries to place the ball so that it lands out of bounds or is downed on the field by another member of the kicking team anywhere inside the 5-yard line without touching the goal line, thus forcing a difficult field position for the receiving team on their next scrimmage; this type of kick can be attempted in Canadian football. The difference is that if the ball becomes dead in the endzone in Canadian football, a single point is awarded to the kicking team and the conceding team scrimmages from their 35-yard line. In most cases however, the kicking team prefers the advantageous field position, rather than the point. Certain punters can have exceptionally long careers, compared to other NFL position players. One reason for this is that their limited time on the field and heavy protection by penalties against defensive players for late hits makes them far less to be injured than other positions.
Sean Landeta, for instance, played three USFL seasons for eight different teams. Jeff Feagles played 22 seasons on five different teams. Conversely and punters can have short careers because of a lack of opportunity; because the risk of injury is remote, NFL teams only carry one punter on their roster at any given time. Thus, the only opportunity a punter has of breaking into the league is if the incumbent punter leaves the team or is injured; some NFL teams will carry two punters during the preseason, but the second punter is "camp fodder" and never makes the opening day roster. Unlike backups at other positions, backup placekickers and punters are not employed by any given team until they are needed. Bob Cameron of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, in a 23-year career, has the most career punting yards, with 134,301 yards. Jeff Feagles
The Baltimore Ravens are a professional American football team based in Baltimore, Maryland. The Ravens compete in the National Football League as a member club of the American Football Conference North division; the team is headquartered in Owings Mills. The Ravens were established in 1996, after Art Modell, the owner of the Cleveland Browns, announced plans to relocate the franchise from Cleveland to Baltimore in 1995; as part of a settlement between the league and the city of Cleveland, Modell was required to leave the Browns' history and records in Cleveland for a replacement team and replacement personnel that would take control in 1999. In return, he was allowed to take his own personnel and team to Baltimore, where such personnel would form an expansion team; the Ravens have qualified for the NFL playoffs eleven times since 2000, with two Super Bowl victories, two AFC Championship titles, 15 playoff victories, four AFC Championship game appearances, five AFC North division titles, are the only team in the NFL to hold a perfect record in multiple Super Bowl appearances.
The Ravens organization was led by general manager Ozzie Newsome from 1996 until his retirement following the 2018 season, has had three head coaches: Ted Marchibroda, Brian Billick, John Harbaugh. With a record-breaking defensive unit in their 2000 season, the team established a reputation for relying on strong defensive play, led by players like middle linebacker Ray Lewis, until his retirement, was considered the "face of the franchise." The team is owned by Steve Bisciotti and valued at $2.5 billion, making the Ravens the 27th-most valuable sports franchise in the world. The name "Ravens" was inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's poem The Raven. Chosen in a fan contest that drew 33,288 voters, the allusion honors Poe, who spent the early part of his career in Baltimore and is buried there; as the Baltimore Sun reported at the time, fans "liked the tie-in with the other birds in town, the Orioles, found it easy to visualize a tough, menacing black bird." After the controversial relocation of the Colts to Indianapolis, several attempts were made to bring an NFL team back to Baltimore.
In 1993, ahead of the 1995 league expansion, the city was considered a favorite, behind only St. Louis, to be granted one of two new franchises. League officials and team owners feared litigation due to conflicts between rival bidding groups if St. Louis was awarded a franchise, in October Charlotte, North Carolina was the first city chosen. Several weeks Baltimore's bid for a franchise—dubbed the Baltimore Bombers, in honor of the locally produced Martin B-26 Marauder bomber—had three ownership groups in place and a state financial package which included a proposed $200 million, rent-free stadium and permission to charge up to $80 million in personal seat license fees. Baltimore, was unexpectedly passed over in favor of Jacksonville, despite Jacksonville's minor TV market status and that the city had withdrawn from contention in the summer, only to return with then-Commissioner Paul Tagliabue's urging. Although league officials denied that any city had been favored, it was reported that Taglibue and his longtime friend Washington Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke had lobbied against Baltimore due to its proximity to Washington, D.
C. and that Taglibue had used the initial committee voting system to prevent the entire league ownership from voting on Baltimore's bid. This led to public outrage and the Baltimore Sun describing Taglibue as having an "Anybody But Baltimore" policy. Maryland governor William Donald Schaefer said afterward that Taglibue had led him on, praising Baltimore and the proposed owners while working behind-the-scenes to oppose Baltimore's bid. By May 1994, Baltimore Orioles owner Peter Angelos had gathered a new group of investors, including author Tom Clancy, to bid on teams whose owners had expressed interest in relocating. Angelos found a potential partner in Georgia Frontiere, open to moving the Los Angeles Rams to Baltimore. Jack Kent Cooke opposed the move, intending to build the Redskins' new stadium in Laurel, close enough to Baltimore to cool outside interest in bringing in a new franchise; this led to heated arguments between Cooke and Angelos, who accused Cooke of being a "carpetbagger." The league persuaded Rams team president John Shaw to relocate to St. Louis instead, leading to a league-wide rumor that Tagliabue was again steering interest away from Baltimore, a claim which Tagliabue denied.
In response to anger in Baltimore, including Governor Schaefer's threat to announce over the loudspeakers Tagliabue's exact location in Camden Yards any time he attended a Baltimore Orioles game, Tagliabue remarked of Baltimore's financial package: "Maybe can open another museum with that money." Following this, Angelos made an unsuccessful $200 million bid to bring the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to Baltimore. Having failed to obtain a franchise via the expansion, the city, despite having "misgivings," turned to the possibility of obtaining the Cleveland Browns, whose owner Art Modell was financially struggling and at odds with the city of Cleveland over needed improvements to the team's stadium. Enticed by Baltimore's available funds for a first-class stadium and a promised yearly operating subsidy of $25 million, Modell announced on November 6, 1995 his intention to relocate the team from Cleveland to Baltimore the following year; the resulting controversy ended when representatives of Cleveland and the NFL reached a settlement on February 8, 1996.
Tagliabue promised the city of Cleveland that an NFL team would be located
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva
Jim Taylor (fullback)
James Charles Taylor was an American football fullback who played professionally in the National Football League for ten seasons, with the Green Bay Packers from 1958 to 1966 and with the expansion New Orleans Saints in 1967. With the Packers, Taylor was invited to five straight Pro Bowls and won four NFL championships, as well as a victory in the first Super Bowl, he was recognized as the NFL Most Valuable Player after winning the rushing title in 1962, beating out Jim Brown. An aggressive player and fluent trash talker, Taylor developed several personal rivalries throughout his career, most notably with New York Giants linebacker Sam Huff; this confrontational attitude, combined with his tenacious running style, a penchant for contact, ability to both withstand and deliver blows, earned him a reputation as one of the league's toughest players. Playing college football for Louisiana State University, Taylor led the Southeastern Conference in scoring in 1956 and 1957 and earned first-team All-America honors as a senior.
He was selected by the Packers in the second round of the 1958 NFL Draft and was used sparingly as a rookie, but with the arrival of coach Vince Lombardi in 1959 Taylor soon became the team's all-purpose back when only a few yards were needed. In this role, his spirited performance against the Giants in the 1962 NFL Championship Game came to define his mental and physical toughness. Taylor finished his career after carrying 1,941 times for 83 touchdowns, he was the first player to record five straight seasons of at least 1,000 rushing yards. His 81 rushing touchdowns for the Packers remains a franchise record by a wide margin, his 8,207 rushing yards with the team has been surpassed only once. Taylor was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1976, he is a member of the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame and his number 31 jersey is retired by the Saints. Born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on September 20, 1935, James Charles Taylor had two paper routes to help his widowed mother make ends meet.
He delivered the morning and afternoon routes by bicycle for three dollars a week, which helped to develop his leg muscles. Though he did not play football until his junior year, he was a star athlete in four sports at Baton Rouge High School, graduated in 1954, he stayed in town and played college football at Louisiana State University for coach Paul Dietzel's LSU Tigers football team. Taylor played on LSU's freshman team in 1954, but due to struggles in the classroom, he transferred to Hinds Community College in Raymond, Mississippi as a sophomore, where he met his future wife Dixie Grant, he returned to LSU as a junior. Taylor rushed for 1,314 yards and scored 20 rushing touchdowns over his LSU career, led the Southeastern Conference in scoring in 1956 and 1957. "With the ball under his arm, Jimmy Taylor was the best running back I've coached," said Dietzel. "He was just so versatile." After spending the first half of his junior season learning the offense, Taylor scored 51 points in the team's final five games of 1956.
As a senior in 1957, he shared the backfield with future Heisman Trophy winner Billy Cannon, a combination that accounted for over 1,500 yards from scrimmage and 17 touchdowns that season. Against Texas Tech, due to the Red Raiders' focus on containing Taylor, Cannon had one of the most productive games of his career; the following week, Taylor scored three touchdowns in LSU's 20–13 upset of a No. 17 Georgia Tech team whose focus was on stopping Cannon. In his final college game, Taylor carried 17 times for 171 yards and two touchdowns in a 35–6 victory over in-state rival Tulane, he was selected as a first-team All-American by the Football Writers Association of America, earned first-team All-SEC honors from the Associated Press and United Press. After the season, he was named the game's most valuable player. Taylor was selected by the Packers in the second round of the 1958 NFL draft, the 15th overall pick, taken in December 1957 while Lisle Blackbourn was still the head coach, his rookie contract was worth $9,500.
That draft for the Packers included future stars Dan Currie, Ray Nitschke, Jerry Kramer, but the 1958 team finished with the worst record in the league, under first-year NFL head coach Ray "Scooter" McLean. Taylor was used sparingly as a rookie, but in the penultimate game at Kezar Stadium, he gained 137 yards on 22 carries in a 48–21 loss to the San Francisco 49ers, his running style brought cheers from the San Francisco fans. With a one-year contract, not to be renewed, McLean resigned days after the season and was replaced by Vince Lombardi in January 1959; when Lombardi took over, Taylor became the feature back for the Packers in short yardage situations. Taylor teamed with backfield mate, halfback Paul Hornung, to form a tandem that Green Bay fans affectionately called "Thunder and Lightning", due to Taylor's power and Hornung's agility. In 1960, Taylor rushed for 1,101 yards on a league-high 230 scored 11 touchdowns; the Packers finished with an 8–4 record and met the Philadelphia Eagles in the 1960 NFL Championship Game.
They were defeated 17 -- 13, despite 24 carries for six catches for 46 yards from Taylor. Following the season, Taylor was invited to his first Pro Bowl, where he tied a Pro Bowl record by scoring three touchdowns in the Western Conference's 35–31 victory over the East. In the 1960s, Lombardi implemented the "Packers sweep" play in which guards Jerry Kramer and Fuzzy Thurston pulled out from their normal positions and led blocking for Hornung and Taylor, it became an integral part of the Packers' offense throughout the decade. In 1961, Taylor c
Etuini Haloti Ngata is a former American football defensive tackle. He earned consensus All-American honors. Ngata was drafted by the Baltimore Ravens in the first round of the 2006 NFL Draft, was selected for the Pro Bowl five times. Ngata played for the Ravens for nine seasons before being traded to the Detroit Lions before the 2015 NFL season. Ngata was a member of the Philadelphia Eagles for one season in 2018 before retiring. Ngata, of Tongan ancestry, was born in California, he attended Highland High School, where he played in Salt Lake City, Utah. He was a three-year starter on the defensive line; as a senior, he recorded over 200 tackles and led his team to the state quarterfinals, following a 12-2 record and a berth in the State Championship as a junior. Ngata was named the 2001 Utah Gatorade Player of the Year and a first-team USA Today All-USA selection, he played in the 2002 U. S. Army All-American Bowl. Ngata was listed as the No. 2 overall prospect in the nation by Rivals.com. He chose Oregon over BYU, Texas A&M, Washington.
Ngata played rugby in high school, helped lead the Highland Rugby Club to the National Rugby Championship. He was red carded in the championship match. A devout member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Ngata said he felt most at home at Brigham Young University, but struggled to make his college decision, he signed a national letter of intent to play for the Oregon Ducks football team of the University of Oregon. Ngata tore his anterior cruciate ligament on a punt coverage play in 2003 and missed the rest of that season, but over the next two seasons, Ngata became one of the best players in college football. Ngata totaled 107 tackles, 17.5 tackles for a loss, 6.5 sacks total in the 2004 and 2005 seasons. He was a second-team All-Pac-10 selection in 2004, a first-team All-Pac-10 selection in 2005. Following his junior season in 2005, he was recognized as the Pac-10 Defensive Player of the Year and a consensus first-team All-American, Oregon's first in 43 years. Ngata earned praise as a dangerous special teams player, blocking 7 kicks during his 3-year career at Oregon.
He had a 495 lb bench press max, which ranks second all-time among Oregon Ducks football players, behind only Igor Olshansky's 505 lb. Ngata decided to leave Oregon a year early because his mother,'Ofa, was in the early stages of kidney dialysis, she died from her illness on January 13, 2006. Ngata was selected by the Baltimore Ravens in the first round with the 12th overall pick in the 2006 NFL Draft, it was the first time in franchise history the Ravens used a first round pick on a defensive lineman. Ngata became the highest selected defensive lineman from the current Pac-12 conference since Andre Carter in 2001. On July 28, 2006, Ngata ended a brief contract holdout by agreeing to a 5-year contract worth up to $14 million with the Baltimore Ravens. In his rookie season, he started in all 16 games and finished the campaign with 31 tackles, one sack, an interception; the following season, he made three sacks. Ngata had two interceptions in 2008. In the 2008 season, Ngata started all 16 regular season and three postseason games.
He led the Ravens defensive line with 77 total tackles, one sack, a career-high 2 Interceptions, 5 passes deflected as part of the NFL's #2 passing defense. He was named to the Pro Bowl as a first alternate and earned Second-Team All-Pro honors by the Associated Press for the first time in his career. During the 2009 season, Ngata started both post-season games. During the regular season, he recorded 36 tackles, he was selected for the first time in his career to play in the NFL Pro Bowl. After an outstanding 2010 season which included 63 tackles and 5.5 sacks, Ngata was selected to the 2010 All-Fundamentals Team by USA Football and the NFL Players Association. On February 15, the Ravens placed their franchise tag on Ngata. On September 20, he was signed to a 5-year deal worth $61 million; the Ravens opened the 2011 season at home against the Pittsburgh Steelers on September 11. In the game Ngata tipped a pass that led to a Ray Lewis interception. Two weeks against the St. Louis Rams, Ray Lewis sacked Sam Bradford.
Bradford fumbled, the ball was recovered by Ngata who scored his first career regular season touchdown. On October 2, 2011, during the Ravens game against the New York Jets, Ngata sacked Jets quarterback Mark Sanchez, causing Sanchez to fumble the ball. Ravens linebacker Jarrett Johnson returned it for a touchdown; the Ravens won the game by a score of 34-17. After reviewing the hit, the NFL levied a $15,000 fine against Ngata for roughing the passer though no penalty was called by officials during the game. Ngata finished the season with a career-high 64 tackles, along with 5 sacks, 2 forced fumbles, 5 passes defended. Ngata earned his third straight Pro Bowl appearance. During the 2012 season, Ngata played defensive tackle and sometimes defensive end, collecting 5 sacks and 51 tackles overall. Ngata played in all four games of the Ravens 2012 postseason, recording 10 solo tackles and 3 assisted tackles as he helped the Ravens to victory in Super Bowl XLVII. In 2013, Ngata played as a nose tackle making 33 tackles, 1.5 sacks, 3 passes defended in 15 games played.
On August 29, 2014, Ngata was fined $8,268 for intentionally kicking Washington Redskins guard Shawn Lauvao during the final preseason game. On December 4, 2014, Ngata was suspended for four ga