Oak Brook, Illinois
Oak Brook is a village in DuPage County with a small portion in Cook County in Illinois. The population was 7,883 at the 2010 census. A suburb of Chicago, Oak Brook serves as home to the headquarters of several notable companies and organizations including McDonald's, Ace Hardware, Ferrara Candy, Federal Signal, CenterPoint Properties, Sanford L. P. TreeHouse Foods, Lions Clubs International. Oak Brook was known as Fullersburg, named after Ben Fuller, an early settler. Oak Brook was incorporated as a village in 1958, due in large part to the efforts of Paul Butler, a prominent civic leader and landowner whose father had first moved to the vicinity in 1898 and opened a dairy farm shortly thereafter. Prior to incorporation, the name Oak Brook was used by local residents to distinguish their community from neighboring Hinsdale and Elmhurst, going back to the founding of the Oak Brook Civic Association two decades earlier; the original boundaries were smaller than the present extent of the village, but a considerable amount of land was annexed soon after the founding of the village, including the land, now the site of the Oakbrook Center shopping mall, which opened in 1962.
Paul Butler's interest in sport was reflected in the Oak Brook Sports Core, which features polo fields, a golf course and tennis facilities, other recreational facilities not found in a village of this size. The Oak Brook Historical Society was established in 1975 to serve as a community advocate for the historic preservation of the village and to be a resource for research and preservation of its history, their current goal is to restore the Old Butler School, which will serve the community as the Oak Brook Heritage Center, operated by the Oak Brook Historical Society. The Heritage Center will provide multigenerational programming, exhibits of the heritage and history of Oak Brook, a research library, small group meeting space. According to the 2010 census, Oak Brook has a total area of 8.279 square miles, of which 7.95 square miles is land and 0.329 square miles is water. Oak Brook is located about 19 miles west of the Chicago Loop and is served by a network of major federal and county roads, including the Tri-State Tollway, the Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway, the Eisenhower Expressway.
Although Oak Brook is not directly served by any CTA or Metra trains, the commercial corridor along 22nd Street is served by several Pace bus routes, train stations in neighboring villages offer commuter train access to downtown Chicago. Most of Oak Brook consists of residential subdivisions, with the exception of the Oakbrook Center shopping mall and other retail and office properties along 22nd Street and the Interstate 88 corridor in the northern part of the village; the village's adjacent neighbors are Elmhurst to the north, Hillside to the northeast, Westchester to the east and Westmont to the south, Downers Grove to the southwest, Lombard and Oakbrook Terrace to the northwest. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,883 people, 2,939 households, 2,363 families residing in the village; the population density was 991.6 people per square mile. There were 3,188 housing units, at an average density of 401.0 per square mile. The racial makeup was 71.8% White, 2.0% African American, 23.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% some other race, 2.2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population. There were 2,939 households, out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.6% were headed by married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.7% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63, the average family size was 2.99. In the village, the population was spread out with 17.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 13.8% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, 29.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $132,389, the median income for a family was $152,209. Male full-time workers had a median income of $104,981 versus $71,961 for females.
The per capita income for the village was $79,711. About 1.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. In 2011, 23.2% of Oak Brook's residents were Asian, making it the Chicago suburb with the second highest percentage of Asians. Equalized Assessed Valuation: 2010 – $1,608,622,320 2009 – $1,749,470,588 2008 – $1,797,238,113 2007 – $1,693,581,172 2006 – $1,578,273,201 2005 – $1,482,432,467 2004 – $1,425,867,144 2003 – $1,327,099,526Median Home Value: $635,400* 2011 Municipal Operating and Capital Expense Budget: $49.4 million Village Employees: 134 full-time employees Village Government: president, village clerk, six trustees, village manager Oak Brook has its own school district, District 53, which includes Brook Forest Elementary School and Butler Junior High School. Students that live within the district attend Hinsdale Central High School, District 86. Ho
Bensenville is a village located near O'Hare International Airport in DuPage County, with a portion of the town in Cook County. As of the 2010 census, the village population was 18,352. First known as Tioga, it was formally established as Bensenville in 1873 along the Milwaukee Road railway; the community is named after Germany. A post office was established in 1873, but because there was an existing "Benson", the suffix "ville" was added; the Edge Ice Arena is located in Bensenville, former home of the Chicago Steel junior ice hockey team. The Churchville School in Bensenville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the 2010 census, Bensenville has a total area of 5.618 square miles, of which 5.57 square miles is land and 0.048 square miles is water. Bensenville School District 100: Fenton High School which serves both Bensenville and Wood DaleBensenville School District 2: Blackhawk Middle School Tioga School W. A. Johnson SchoolPrivate: Holy Family, Private Roman Catholic Zion Concord Lutheran School, Private K-8 As of the census of 2010, there were 18,352 people residing in the village.
The population density was 3,296.6 people per square mile. There were 6,743 housing units; the racial makeup of the village was 67.3% White, 3.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.8% of the population. There were 6,312 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 11% had a female householder with no husband present, 33% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.50. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 20 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were over 65 years of age. The median age was 33.4 years. The median income for a household in the village was $52,500 and the median income for a family was $55,500.
About 15.4% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those over age 65. Bensenville has a station on Metra's Milwaukee District/West Line, which provides daily rail service between Elgin and Chicago. From there, passengers can connect to an Amtrak train. According to Bensenville's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the village are: Bensenville is the site of Victory Auto Wreckers, a 7-acre junkyard on Green Street which has aired the same commercial, starring Bob Zajdel, on Chicago television stations since 1981. Part of the movie Flatliners was filmed at the old green house, next to Black Hawk Junior High School in 1990; the Spilotro brothers were executed in a basement in Bensenville and buried in a cornfield in Indiana as depicted in the movie Casino which depicts the corruption at the Stardust Hotel in Las Vegas. Joe Pesci portrayed one of the Spilotro brothers. In the television series Boss, a multiepisode story arc involves the main character, Mayor of Chicago Tom Kane, being damaged by a scandal in which he authorized the dumping of carcinogenic chemicals that soak into the groundwater of Bensenville.
The Christian metalcore band Gwen Stacy recorded the video for their single "The First Words" in an abandoned neighborhood in Bensenville. Zihuatanejo, Mexico Daren Dochterman is an art designer and illustrator for over 35 feature films including The Abyss, Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Richard Oruche, basketball player for the Nigerian National Basketball Team, he competed in the 2012 Olympic Games. He played basketball for Bensenville's high school. William A. Redmond was a longtime Democratic member of the Illinois House of Representatives who served as Speaker from 1975-1981. Genevieve "Audrey" Wagner was a professional baseball player in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, winning the league's batting title in 1948, she earned an M. D. and pilots license. Marcin Kleczynski, Polish-born Malwarebytes CEO who grew up in Bensenville. Official website
Lisle is a village in DuPage County, United States. The population was 21,182 at the 2000 census, in 2016 the population was recorded to be 22,930, it is part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. It is the headquarters of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region III. In July 2007, Lisle was ranked #20 in Money magazine's list of "100 Best Places to Live" and #17 on their 2009 list of the "Best Places for the Rich and Single". In 1830, Bailey Hobson a Quaker, was the first settler in what would become DuPage County, Illinois, as well as Lisle Township; the town of Lisle was settled in 1832, by brothers James C. Hatch and Luther A. Hatch after the close of the Black Hawk War; the two brothers acquired land near what is now Ogden Avenue and began a small farming community named "DuPage" or "East DuPage" because, of its proximity to the east branch of the DuPage River. In 1831, DuPage County was founded. To the west of the Lisle settlement, on the west branch of the DuPage river, brothers Joseph and John Naper founded the Naper Settlement, present-day Naperville, Illinois.
Lisle experienced many firsts in the decade of 1830s during the earliest years of settlement in DuPage County. In 1832, James C. Hatch set aside some of his land for the first and only community burial ground in the East DuPage Settlement. Today, Lisle Cemetery is one of the oldest registered cemeteries in the state of Illinois. Hatch operated the first wagon and blacksmith shop and began Lisle's infant dairy industry with a creamery. Formed in 1833, the East DuPage Religious Society had a circuit rider preacher with house churches and was the first Christian organization in DuPage County, which became the First Congregational Church of DuPage in 1842; the first post office was managed by John Thompson in 1834, the first log schoolhouse was constructed in that same year and replaced, in 1837, with a frame structure. In 1849, DuPage County formed its first townships, the name Lisle was first proposed by early settler Alonzo B. Chatfield of Lisle, New York; the village was incorporated on June 26, 1956, was named after Lisle, New York.
Another reason for the DuPage township name change was that there was another town in Will County with the name DuPage. Another story of the origin of the Lisle name was that the town was named after the late S. Lisle Smith of Chicago. In 1864 the Chicago and Quincy Railroad arrived along with a newly constructed depot. In 1874, a fire destroyed the Lisle Station depot, but it was rebuilt by the CB&Q Railroad. Today, commuter rail service is provided by Metra. On July 4, 2006, Lisle celebrated its 50th birthday by hosting the state's biggest fireworks display. Lisle is located at 41°47′33″N 88°05′18″W. According to the 2010 census, Lisle has a total area of 7.021 square miles, of which 6.84 square miles is land and 0.181 square miles is water. Most of Lisle lies within the watershed of the east branch of the DuPage river; as of the census of 2010, there were 22,390 people, 9,304 households, 5,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,515 people per square mile; the racial makeup of the village was 77.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 11.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population. There were 9,304 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.05. In the village, the population was spread out with 7.1% from ages 15 to 19, 46.6% from 20 to 39, 35.4% from 40 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97 males. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's 2010 estimate, the median household income in the village was $72,440, the median income for a family was $109,576; the mean household income was $101,560 and the mean family income was $132,948. The per capita income for the village was $42,096. About 3.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
CA Technologies, Armour-Eckrich, Navistar are among the largest companies based in Lisle. Navistar relocated its headquarters to Lisle, occupying the large corporate buildings owned by Lucent Technologies; the corporate footprint of Lisle continues to expand as large companies seek an accessible visible alternative to Chicago. The North American corporate headquarters of the market research firm Millward Brown, a subsidiary of WPP plc, is located in Lisle. According to the Village's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten employers in the city are: Lisle Library District contains a collection of materials, resources and digital content; the library hosts local art exhibits. It is home to the Jurica-Suchy Nature Museum. Location of the Lisle Park District's outdoor museum village, Lisle Station Park. Four Lakes Ski Hill is a facility for snowboarders in the area. Created by the Chicago Bulls and White Sox, the Bulls/Sox Training Academy runs year-round training programs in baseball, fastpitch softball, basketball for youths.
Lisle's school district is Lisle Community Unit School District 202. The majority of high school students liv
Cook County, Illinois
Cook County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. It is the second-most populous county in the United States after California; as of 2017, the population was 5,211,263. Its county seat is Chicago, the largest city in Illinois and the third-most populous city in the United States. More than 40% of all residents of Illinois live in Cook County. Cook County's population is larger than that of 28 individual U. S. states, the combined populations of the seven smallest states. There are 135 incorporated municipalities or wholly within Cook County, the largest of, Chicago, home to 54% of the population of the county; that part of the county which lies outside the Chicago city limits is divided into 29 townships. Geographically, the county is the sixth-largest in Illinois by land area, it shares the state's Lake Michigan shoreline with Lake County. Including its lake area, the county has a total area of 1,635 square miles, the largest county in Illinois, of which 945 square miles is land and 690 square miles is water.
Land-use in Cook County is urban and densely populated. Cook County is included in the Chicago–Naperville–Elgin, IL–IN–WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is surrounded by. Cook County was created on January 15, 1831, out of Putnam County by an act of the Illinois General Assembly, it was the 54th county established in Illinois and was named after Daniel Cook, one of the earliest and youngest statesmen in Illinois history. He served as the second U. S. Representative from Illinois and the state's first Attorney General. In 1839, DuPage County was carved out of Cook County; the government of Cook County is composed of the Board of Commissioners, other elected officials such as the Sheriff, State's Attorney, Board of Review, Assessor, Circuit Court judges, Circuit Court Clerk, as well as numerous other officers and entities. Cook County is the only home rule county in Illinois; the Cook County Code is the codification of Cook County's local ordinances. Cook County's current County Board president is Toni Preckwinkle.
The Circuit Court of Cook County, an Illinois state court of general jurisdiction is funded, in part, by Cook County, accepts more than 1.2 million cases each year for filing. The Cook County Department of Corrections known as the Cook County Jail, is the largest single-site jail in the nation; the Cook County Juvenile Detention Center, under the authority of the Chief Judge of the court, is the first juvenile center in the nation and one of the largest in the nation. The Cook County Law Library is the second-largest county law library in the nation. In the 1980s, Cook County was ground zero to an extensive FBI investigation called Operation Greylord. Ninety-two officials were indicted, including 17 judges, 48 lawyers, 8 policemen, 10 deputy sheriffs, 8 court officials, a state legislator; the Bureau of Health Services administers the county's public health services and is the third-largest public health system in the nation. Three hospitals are part of this system: Jr.. Hospital of Cook County, Provident Hospital, Oak Forest Hospital of Cook County, along with over 30 clinics.
The Cook County Department of Transportation is responsible for the design and maintenance of roadways in the county. These thoroughfares are composed of major and minor arterials, with a few local roads. Although the County Department of Transportation was instrumental in designing many of the expressways in the county, today they are under the jurisdiction of the state; the Cook County Forest Preserves, organized in 1915, is a separate, independent taxing body, but the Cook County Board of Commissioners acts as its Board of Commissioners. The district is a belt of 69,000 acres of forest reservations surrounding the city of Chicago; the Brookfield Zoo and the Chicago Botanic Garden are located in the forest preserves. Cook County is the fifth-largest employer in Chicago. In March 2008, the County Board increased the sales tax by one percent to 1.75 percent. This followed a quarter-cent increase in mass transit taxes. In Chicago, the rate increased to 10.25 percent, the steepest nominal rate of any major metropolitan area in America.
In Evanston, sales tax reached Oak Lawn residents pay 9.5 percent. On July 22, 2008, the Cook County board voted against Cook County Commissioner's proposal to repeal the tax increase. In 2016, Cook County joined Chicago in adopting a $13 hourly minimum wage. Cook County Board chairman John Daley called the wage hike "the moral and right thing to do." In June 2017, nearly 75 home rule municipalities passed measures opting themselves out of the increase. The county has more Democratic Party members than any other Illinois county and it is one of the most Democratic counties in the United States. Since 1932, the majority of its voters have only supported a Republican candidate in a Presidential election three times, all during national Republican landslides–Dwight Eisenhower over native son Adlai Stevenson II in 1952 and 1956, Richard Nixon over George McGovern in 1972. Since the closest a Republican has come to carrying the county was in 1984, when Ronald Reagan won 48.4 percent of the county's vote.
The 1970 Illinois Constitution allows the party controlling the state legislature to redraw voting districts. The Democrats won complete control of state government in 2003. S. House of Repre
Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois
Oakbrook Terrace is a city in DuPage County, is a suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 2,134, estimated to have increased to 2,155 by July 2012, it is the smallest town in DuPage County, in terms of population. Oakbrook Terrace was named Utopia, a name suggested by a postmaster; the name Oakbrook Terrace was adopted in November 1959. According to the 2010 census, Oakbrook Terrace has a total area of 1.278 square miles, of which 1.25 square miles is land and 0.028 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,300 people, 1,198 households, 553 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,651.2 people per square mile. There were 1,327 housing units at an average density of 952.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.52% White, 4.13% African American, 12.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.13% of the population. There were 1,198 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.8% were non-families.
46.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.77. In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,148, the median income for a family was $85,374. Males had a median income of $60,563 versus $45,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $44,345. About 2.7% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Oakbrook Terrace Tower, an octagonal 31-story office building, was designed by Helmut Jahn and built in 1987, it is the tallest building in Illinois outside the city limits of Chicago and is owned by General Electric.
The 418-foot tower has 773,000 square feet of office space. The tower was long dogged by rumors and news reports that it was sinking, it stands on the site of the former Dispensa's Castle of Toys. Drury Lane is a large conference center adjacent to the Oakbrook Terrace Tower, it boasts a 971-seat theater. The facility can host: wedding receptions and banquets, corporate meetings and conferences, trade shows and conventions, live theater, concerts. Located on the site is a Hilton Suites Hotel and Hilton Garden Inn; the headquarters of Redbox and the Joint Commission, which accredits US healthcare entities, are located in Oakbrook Terrace
Naperville is a city in DuPage and Will counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. Located 28 miles west of Chicago, Naperville was founded in 1831 and developed into the fifth-largest city in Illinois; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 141,853, estimated to have increased to 147,682 by 2017. In a 2010 study assessing cities with populations exceeding 75,000, Naperville was ranked as the wealthiest city in the Midwest and the eleventh wealthiest in the nation, it was ranked among the nation's safest cities by Business Insider. Naperville was voted the second-best place to live in the United States by Money magazine in 2006 and it was rated first on the list of best cities for early retirement in 2013 by Kiplinger. In 2015, it was named as one of the most educated large cities in America with populations over 50,000. In July 1831, Joseph Naper arrived at the west bank of the DuPage River with his family and friends to found what would be known as Naper's Settlement. Among those original settlers were Naper's wife Almeda Landon, his brother John with wife Betsy Goff, his sister Amy with husband John Murray, his mother Sarah.
Their arrival followed a nearly two-month voyage across three Great Lakes in the Naper brothers' schooner, the Telegraph. On the journey were several families who remained in the settlement that would become Chicago, including that of Dexter Graves, memorialized in Graceland Cemetery by the well-known Lorado Taft statue "Eternal Silence". By 1832, over one hundred settlers had arrived at Naper's Settlement. Following the news of the Indian Creek massacre during the Black Hawk War, these settlers were temporarily displaced to Fort Dearborn for protection from an anticipated attack by the Sauk tribe. Fort Payne was built at Naper's Settlement, the settlers returned and the attack never materialized; the Pre-Emption House was constructed in 1834, as the Settlement became a stage-coach stop on the road from Chicago to Galena. Reconstructions of Fort Payne and the Pre-Emption House stand as part of Naper Settlement outdoor museum village, established by the Naperville Heritage Society and the Naperville Park District in 1969 to preserve some of the community's oldest buildings.
In 1855 Sybil Dunbar came to Naperville as its first recorded black female resident. A commemorative marker honoring her was placed in the cemetery in 2015. After DuPage County was split from Cook County in 1839, Naper's Settlement became the DuPage county seat, a distinction it held until 1868. Naper's Settlement was incorporated as the Village of Naperville in 1857, at which time it had a population of 2,000. Reincorporation as a city occurred in 1890. In 1887, Peter Edward Kroehler established the Kroehler Manufacturing Company's factory in Naperville along the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy tracks. Kroehler Manufacturing became the world's largest furniture manufacturer, a major employer in Naperville; the company closed the Naperville factory in 1978. In 1987, the site was redeveloped into upscale commercial and apartment properties, as Fifth Avenue Station. On April 26, 1946, Naperville was the site of one of the worst train disasters in Chicago history. Two Chicago and Quincy Railroad trains, the Advance Flyer and the Exposition Flyer, collided'head to tail' on a single track just west of the Loomis Street grade crossing.
The accident killed 45 and injured 127 passengers and/or crew members. This event is commemorated in a metal inlay map of Naperville on the southeast corner of the Nichols Library's sidewalk area. In 2012, author Chuck Spinner published The Tragedy at the Loomis Street Crossing which details the tragedy and gives the stories of the 45 persons who perished. On April 26, 2014, a memorial entitled Tragedy to Triumph was dedicated at the train station; the sculpture by Paul Kuhn is dedicated not only to the crash victims but to the rescuers at the site. A predominantly rural community for most of its existence, Naperville experienced a population explosion beginning in the 1960s and continuing into the 1980s and 1990s, following the construction of the East-West Tollway and Interstate 355, it has nearly quadrupled in size as the Chicago metropolitan area's urban sprawl brought corporations and wealth to the area. The March 2006 issue of Chicago magazine cites a mid-1970s decision to make and keep all parking in downtown Naperville free to keep downtown Naperville "alive" in the face of competition with Fox Valley Mall in Aurora and the subsequent sprawl of strip shopping malls.
Parking meters were taken down, parking in garages built in the 1980s and 1990s is free, parking is still available on major thoroughfares during non-peak hours. Naperville marked the 175th anniversary of its 1831 founding in 2006; the anniversary events included concerts and a balloon parade. According to the 2010 census, Naperville has an area of 39.323 square miles, of which 38.77 square miles is land and 0.553 square miles is water. Portions of the city of Naperville drain to the West Branch of the DuPage River within DuPage County. In the flood of 1996, downtown businesses in the City of Naperville incurred significant damage. Overall, Forest Preserve District ownership of a large amount of property along the West Branch has minimized development in flood plains and has helped reduce the damages from overbank flooding that have occurred in the county's more developed watersheds. Naperville borders the communities of Warrenville, Lisle
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However