Fine Brothers Entertainment is an American media company, founded by brothers Benny Fine and Rafi Fine and media entrepreneurs. FBE is best known for their React video series, their several timed-spoiler series, narrative web series, as well as creating a "transmedia" sitcom on YouTube, MyMusic; the Fine Brothers have been creating content since 2004, FBE has many large digital channels on YouTube and Facebook, has sold multiple television shows, released their first feature film in 2017. The Fine Brothers channel has over 6.6 billion views and well over 17 million subscribers. Due to a controversy over an attempt to license and trademark the term "React", as well as the names of their series, the Fine Brothers' channels lost hundreds of thousands of subscribers in early 2016. However, the Fine Brothers' channel regained their former subscriber numbers by May 2016; the brothers grew up in the 1990s in an Orthodox Jewish family in Brooklyn. The Fine Brothers stated that they have been making videos their entire life.
New York detailed the two "started recording comedy sketches as adolescents, when they got their first video camera." They spent most of their teen years in New York. Benny started college at age 15, while Rafi attended Dickinson College for two years before transferring to Hunter College, where he got a degree in film studies; the two began entertaining their friends with short sketches and full length comedies shot with action figures. The brothers stated that they created a live action feature in 2000 that made its way into comedy film festivals, that they were planning to create a feature each year, hoping that one feature would soon help the brothers break into Hollywood. Despite winning young filmmaker awards, they soon came to the conclusion that this method would not be the best path, decided their future would be on the internet, which they viewed at the time as the new film festival; the brothers created their first website in 2003, uploaded their first web video in 2004. They broke their features into 10-to-15-minute chunks to showcase the feature to an audience.
The brothers used their website and early online works as a discoverability tool that would launch them into traditional film. In 2004, the brothers created a feature-length live-action comedy, titled G. I. Joe: The Epic Saga, before beginning to upload more sketch and comedy content onto websites such as MySpace; the duo moved from Orlando, Florida to Los Angeles, where they continued to upload more videos on their YouTube channel, created on June 4, 2007. New York wrote that the two entered the YouTube community as "low-paid video producers for other companies, but kept making their own videos on the side." Their earlier videos contain mature social satire humor. The Fine Brothers found success on YouTube where their main channel, TheFineBros, has more than 14 million subscribers and 3.8 billion video views as of February 2016. The Fine Brothers have a secondary channel, under the name TheFineBros2, launched on May 14, 2009. A third channel was launched on July 22, 2014 under the name React, as a way to expand their React content.
The two soon joined the Maker Studios venture, stated that after speaking with Shane Dawson about a plan for the project, "we were the head of production and head of creative." The duo ran Maker Studios throughout 2009 and were responsible for the early success and planning for what became known as Multi-channel networks —they have since been vocal advocates for fair treatment of creators by the networks. On their main channel, the brothers upload a multitude of series, creating some of the most popular scripted and unscripted series in web history including their award-winning and notable reaction series, they release behind the scenes content, as well as clips from their news podcast "All We Know" on the secondary channel. On October 16, 2010, they uploaded the first episode of Kids React, the first series in what would become a notable React franchise on YouTube. Aside from the popular series that the brothers have directed and uploaded, the duo has uploaded popular interactive YouTube videos.
The duo's channels are under the YouTube partner program, allowing them to earn money from ad revenues on their videos. The two have been sponsored by Ford and Comedy Central; the Fine Brothers have collaborated in a variety of ways including writing and producing with other popular YouTubers such as Shane Dawson, ShayCarl, KassemG, along with collaborating with more in many ways including on their YouTubers React show with top channels such as Smosh and PewDiePie. The Fine Brothers were guest judges on the second season of the web series Internet Icon. In December 2013, the duo left Revision3 to sign with Fullscreen though remained vocal about YouTube multi-channel networks, devoting a segment in their update vlog series, Fine Time, discussing how to navigate them. On April 30, 2014, it was announced that a spin-off of the Fine Bros' React series called React to That was going to be aired on Nickelodeon; the Fine Bros stated in an episode of Fine Time that they plan on continuing to upload YouTube videos however.
The show aired 12 episodes. They created and host the TV series Six Degrees of Everything that aired on TruTV in 2015. In early 2016, New York detailed. Works of the Fine Brothers have been featured
Mathew Tyler Oakley is an American YouTuber and author. Much of Oakley's activism had been dedicated to LGBTQ+ youth, LGBT rights, as well as social issues including health care and the prevention of suicide among LGBT youth. Oakley posts material on various topics, including queer politics, pop culture and humor. Oakley began making videos in 2007. Since uploading his first video in 2007 while a freshman at Michigan State University, his channel has over 673 million views and, at his peak over 7.5 million subscribers. Oakley, gay, is a former member of the successful collaboration channel "5AwesomeGays," where he produced the Friday video for over three years, he was featured in the 2014 Frontline investigative report, "Generation Like," a follow-up on how teenagers are "directly interacting with pop culture" to the 2001 report, "The Merchants of Cool." SocialBlade, a website that rates YouTube and Instagram accounts, ranks his YouTube channel, as of November 19, 2017, with a grade "B", subscriber rank of 224th, video view rank at 2,010th, a SocialBlade rating of 33,897th.
As of September 2018 he has more than 6.2 million followers on Twitter and 6.1 million on Instagram. From March–October of 2013, Oakley co-hosted a weekly pop-culture news update – "Top That!" – with Becca Frucht for PopSugar. From 2013–14, he performed the voice of Mr. McNeely in five episodes of the comedy web series The Most Popular Girls in School, he has hundreds of thousands of followers on Tumblr. In 2015, he released his first collection of humorous personal essays under the title Binge, via publishers Simon & Schuster. Oakley was the host of The Tyler Oakley Show; the show aired weekly on Ellen DeGeneres’ ellentube platform. He was named one of Forbes' 2017 30 under 30. Mathew Tyler Oakley was born on March 22, 1989, in Jackson and has twelve siblings in total; when he was an infant, his parents divorced. When in the sixth grade, Oakley moved to Okemos, became involved in choir and drama; as a teenager, Oakley struggled with bulimia nervosa. Oakley graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in communication and social media from Michigan State University.
Whilst at college, Oakley fell into a short depression after a break-up with a long term boyfriend. Oakley admits; this was when he first became involved with YouTube, using the video sharing website to communicate with his high school friends, who were attending different schools. Oakley is an active member across many social media platforms. A self-proclaimed "professional fangirl", he is a fan of Darren Criss from Glee, along with Julie Chen of CBS's daytime talk show The Talk, he sang Christmas carols on stage with English-Irish boy band One Direction and television presenter Jerry Springer. Oakley is known for receiving attention from major celebrities and organizations, such as Liam Payne from One Direction, Chris Colfer from the television series Glee and the restaurant chain store Taco Bell, namely on social network Twitter after commenting on a previous tweet of theirs or tweeting about them. Due to Oakley's success with social media and prominence among many social media platforms, he was given the opportunity to meet U.
S. President Barack Obama at the White House, he did a video with First Lady Michelle Obama talking about education issues. Oakley attributes his success only in part with his accessibility as a young gay man. "It's not all about me being gay. It's kind of like an underlying theme for me sprinkled throughout the videos." He sees Ellen DeGeneres as a role model, "She embodies what I want my experience to be and my influence to be, where it's a positive one, it's a happy one, it's not something about the bad parts of life or the downsides of a lot of things. She's using her influence for good, everyone knows who she is, what she stands for, that she is a lesbian."The Advocate in their 2014 "40 under 40: Emerging voices" say that, due to Oakley's presence on YouTube, he is the first gay person that many people have met. Oakley has appeared on the YouTube Red show Escape the Night with Joey Graceffa, appearing as "The Thespian" for 10 episodes. In 2014, Oakley premiered a live show tour, "Tyler Oakley's Slumber Party" featuring him in pajamas and doing skits, interactive segments with the audience.
His two initial shows in Chicago, Royal Oak, Michigan in early October both sold out in 72 hours. In December 2014 seven dates, all on the East Coast, will make up the next leg of the tour, expected to go to 40 cities. Variety noted that the trend of "digital-native stars hitting the road for'in-real-life' shows" has been increasing and Oakley had been a part of DigiTour's 2014 US Summer tour of YouTube and Vine personalities. On screen, Oakley has done appearances on broadcasting platforms, having some air on national TV. Oakley was seen on Insider Tonight, featuring co-hosts Kevin Frazier, Thea Andrews, he has interviewed live from the 2014 Kids Choice Awards red carpet, along with many other events that have him meeting and speaking to celebrities. Oakley, alongside best friend Korey Kuhl, competed in 28th season of The Amazing Race, which aired in 2016, they finished in 3rd place. Oakley and Kulh participated in the 31st season of the show, schedule to begin airing on April 17, 2019. Oakley supports The Trevor Project, an organization for the prevention of suicide among LGBT youth.
He has interned with them in 2009 and since 2011 has co-hosted TrevorLIVE, the charity's annual red carpet event. In 2013 he raised $29,000 for his birthday in support of
Shane and Friends
Shane and Friends is an American audio-visual podcast created by YouTuber Shane Dawson, hosted by himself, Jessica Buttafuoco, Drew Monson. The podcast premiered on June 2013 on SoundCloud and iTunes; the show focuses on Dawson and Buttafuoco discussing events happening in popular culture, their personal lives, those of other celebrities. They interview various celebrities such as Amanda Lepore, Jennette McCurdy, Jamie Kennedy, Eugenia Cooney, Joey Graceffa, CupcakKe, Aislinn Paul, Chris Crocker, Dita von Teese, Social Repose, Gabbie Hanna, Trisha Paytas, Farrah Abraham, its interview-format has been compared to that of Howard Stern, with Dawson stating: "Howard Stern is one of my idols. I love interviewing people and getting them to talk about things they’ve never talk about." In 2015, iTunes featured the show in their "Best of 2015" podcast list. As of April 2016 it airs on Fullscreen in a talk show format, with the podcast being filmed in a new studio. In November 2017, it was announced that Fullscreen's streaming service, which Shane and Friends has been broadcasting on since April 2016, would be shutting down in January 2018, halting production of the podcast for the time being.
Shane and Friends' pilot episode premiered on June 5, 2013. The episode featured an interview with singer Rebecca Black. After that they had a total of 15 podcast episodes until the end of 2013; the second season of Shane and Friends was released on January 14, 2014, featuring returning guest Rebecca Black. This season marked the departure of Lauren Schnipper as both executive producer and co-host, she was replaced with Jessie Buttafuoco; the third season of Shane and Friends was released on January 2015, featuring guest Ricky Dillon. The show went on a brief hiatus during the month of August as Shane was recovering from an injury, returned on August 28, 2015; the fourth season of Shane and Friends released on January 15, 2016. On March 30, 2016, Fullscreen Media announced that the show would be available on Fullscreen SVOD; the first episode on Fullscreen SVOD was released on April 2016 with guest Lilly Singh. From May 22, 2017 onwards, the episodes were filmed in a new studio, Shane's friend Drew Monson became a permanent member of the cast.
In November 2017, it was announced that Fullscreen's streaming service, which Shane and Friends has been broadcasting on since April 2016, would be shutting down in January 2018, halting production of the podcast for the time being. In March 2019, after controversies surrounding Dawson's remarks in certain podcast episodes, all past episodes of the podcast were deleted from both iTunes and Soundcloud, though many unofficial copies of the audio can be found on YouTube; the episode numbers for the podcast skip the number 13 on both iTunes. Shane and Friends on iTunes Shane and Friends on SoundCloud Shane and Friends unofficial YouTube channel
Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate owned by AT&T and headquartered in New York City. It was formed in 1990 as Time Warner Inc. from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications. The company has film, television and publishing operations, consists of the assets of the former Warner Communications, HBO, Turner Broadcasting System, its assets include Warner Bros. WarnerMedia Entertainment and WarnerMedia News & Sports, as well as a 10% ownership stake in Hulu. On October 22, 2016, AT&T announced an offer to acquire Time Warner for $108.7 billion. The proposed merger was confirmed on June 12, 2018, after AT&T won an antitrust lawsuit that the U. S. Justice Department filed in 2017 to attempt to block the acquisition; the merger closed two days with the company becoming a subsidiary of AT&T. Despite spinning off Time Inc. in 2014, the company retained the Time Warner name until AT&T's acquisition in 2018. The company's previous assets included Time Inc.
AOL, Time Warner Cable, Warner Books, Warner Music Group. The company ranked No. 98 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Time magazine, the first weekly news magazine in the United States, debuted in 1923. Four years in 1927, Warner Bros. released the world's first feature-length talking picture, The Jazz Singer. In 1963, recommendations from Time Inc. based on how it delivered magazines led to the introduction of ZIP codes by the United States Post Office. In 1972, Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations, renamed itself Warner Communications Inc, it was the holding company for Warner Bros. Pictures and Warner Music Group during the 1970s and 1980s, it owned DC Comics and Mad, as well as a majority stake in Garden State National Bank. Warner's initial divestiture efforts led by Garden State CEO Charles A. Agemian were blocked by Garden State board member William A. Conway in 1978.
In 1975, Home Box Office became the first TV network to broadcast nationally via satellite, debuting with the "Thrilla in Manila" boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. In 1975, Warner expanded under the guidance of CEO Steve Ross, formed a joint venture with American Express, named Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, which held cable channels including MTV, The Movie Channel. Warner Bros. bought out American Express's half in 1984, sold the venture a year to Viacom, which renamed it MTV Networks. In 1976, the Turner–owned WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems nationwide and pioneering the basic cable business model. WTCG was renamed WTBS in 1979. In 1976, Nolan Bushnell sold Inc. to Warner Communications for an estimated $2 -- 12 million. Warner made considerable profits with Atari, which it owned from 1976 to 1984. While part of Warner, Atari achieved its greatest success, selling millions of Atari 2600s and computers. At its peak, Atari accounted for a third of Warner's annual income, was the fastest-growing company in the history of the United States at the time.
In 1980, Warner purchased The Franklin Mint for about $225 million. The combination was short lived: Warner sold The Franklin Mint in 1985 to American Protection Industries Inc. for $167.5 million. However, Warner retained Franklin Mint's Eastern Mountain Sports as well as The Franklin Mint Center, which it leased back to API. In 1980, Turner launched CNN, the first 24-hour all-news network, redefining the way the world received breaking news. In January 1983, Warner expanded their interests to baseball. Under the direction of Caesar P. Kimmel, executive vice-president, bought 48 percent of the Pittsburgh Pirates for $10 million; the company put up its share for sale in November 1984 following losses of $6 million due to its failed attempt to launch a cable sports package. The team's majority owner, John W. Galbreath, soon followed suit after learning of Warner's actions. Both Galbreath and Warner sold the Pirates to local investors in March 1986. In 1984, due to major losses spurred by subsidiary Atari Inc.'s losses, Warner sold Atari Inc.'s Consumer Division assets to Jack Tramiel.
It kept the rest of the company and named it Atari Games reducing it to just the Coin Division. They sold Atari Games to Namco in 1985, repurchased it in 1992, renaming it Time Warner Interactive, until it was sold to Midway Games in 1996. In a long-expected deal, Warner Communications acquired Lorimar-Telepictures. Plans to merge Time Inc. and Warner Communications were made public on March 4, 1989. During the summer of that same year, Paramount Communications launched a $12.2 billion hostile bid to acquire Time, Inc. in an attempt to end a stock-swap merge
Grace Anne Helbig is an American comedian and YouTube personality. She is the creator and host of her own YouTube channel, as well as the podcasts Not Too Deep with Grace Helbig and This Might Get Weird. Helbig created and hosted the 2008–2013 My Damn Channel web series DailyGrace, was a correspondent on the G4 network tech series Attack of the Show!, played Idol on the Fine Brothers' web series MyMusic, appeared in a series of Lowe's television commercials, co-produced and starred in the feature films Camp Takota, Electra Woman and Dyna Girl and Dirty 30, authored two comedic handbooks for Millennials: Grace's Guide: The Art of Pretending to Be a Grown-up and Grace & Style: The Art of Pretending You Have It, created and hosted the 2015 comedy/talk show on the E! television network The Grace Helbig Show. Helbig was born in New Jersey, to John and Theresa, she has an older brother, a younger brother, Tim. She attended Gateway Regional High School in New Jersey, she was medal-winning pole-vaulter.
In 2003, Helbig began studying at Ramapo College in Mahwah, New Jersey and graduated summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts in Digital Filmmaking from Ramapo's School of Contemporary Arts. It was there that she formed a sketch comedy group called Baked Goods with her best friend, Michelle Akin, she took improv classes at the Peoples Improv Theater in New York City. In 2005, she entered the Miss New Jersey USA pageant competition. In November 2007, Helbig house-sat for a family in New Jersey. To alleviate boredom and keep herself entertained, she began a daily vlog of her house sitting experience on her personal YouTube channel GracieHInABox. Beginning March 2008, Helbig and her college roommate Michelle Akin created the Grace n' Michelle YouTube channel; the most recent video on this channel was uploaded on October 25, 2013, when Helbig visited Akin in Brooklyn. In early 2008, Helbig narrated the short-lived animated web series, Bedtime Stories on My Damn Channel, which consisted of R-rated parodies of classic fairy tales.
My Damn Channel founder and CEO Rob Barnett discovered her personal vlogs through her profile and offered her the opportunity to host her own video blog web series on the My Damn Channel website. This became DailyGrace, which premiered on April 14, 2008, with new episodes published every weekday. On October 11, 2010, DailyGrace was launched as its own YouTube channel. By the end of December 2013, the channel had amassed over 2.4 million subscribers and over 211 million video views on YouTube. From the series' inception in April 2008 through December 2013, Helbig created over 830 DailyGrace episodes for the DailyGrace YouTube channel—in addition to the 690 DailyGrace episodes, published on the My Damn Channel website. From March 2012 through January 2013, Helbig hosted My Damn Channel LIVE once a week from the company's New York City studio. In November 2013, the series was revived in a weekly format as My Damn Channel LIVE: Hangout, with Helbig making a few appearances via video chat from the Los Angeles studio.
On September 13, 2013, Helbig premiered her weekly web series Grace's Faces on beauty guru Bobbi Brown's newly created YouTube channel I love makeup. The series lasted twenty-four episodes and ended March 7, 2014. On November 4, 2013, Helbig premiered a weekly supplemental DailyGrace series exclusive to the My Damn Channel website entitled One Thing You Didn't Know About Me From Last Week; the series lasted five episodes and ended December 2, 2013. On December 27, 2013, Helbig uploaded her final DailyGrace episode to the DailyGrace YouTube channel. Four days My Damn Channel released a statement announcing that Helbig had chosen not to renew her multi-year contract with the network, that going forward, no new content would be created by Helbig for the DailyGrace YouTube channel. My Damn Channel indicated that the DailyGrace YouTube channel would remain active as an archive, with plans for the network to upload the early DailyGrace episodes and other Helbig content, exclusive to the My Damn Channel website.
On January 6, 2014, Helbig relaunched her owned secondary channel it'sGrace as her main YouTube channel. News of Helbig's departure from My Damn Channel and the shift back to her own independent channel contributed to a dramatic increase in it'sGrace subscribers, from just under 87,000 in the last week of 2013 to over a half million by the first week of 2014. On January 22, 2014, just two and a half weeks after the channel's relaunch, it'sGrace passed 1 million subscribers. On April 30, 2014, it was announced via press release that Helbig had partnered with multi-channel network Fullscreen. On December 30, 2014, just one week shy of the one-year anniversary of the channel's relaunch, it'sGrace passed 2 million subscribers. On August 22, 2016, it ` sGrace passed 3 million subscribers; as of April 2019, the it'sGrace YouTube channel has over 2.8 million subscribers and over 318 million video views. On July 1, 2014, Helbig and co-host Mamrie Hart premiered preview footage of their summer travel-themed web series #HeyUSA on the Astronauts Wanted YouTube channel.
Eight full-length episodes premiered on Conde Nast Entertainment's digital video platform The Scene on October 15, 2014. A second season of #HeyUSA premiered on The Scene on April 16, 2015, albeit without Helbig as Hart's travel partner. Instead, Helbig introduced each episode and announced the location she chose for Hart and guest travel companions Kingsley, Tyl
Joseph Patrick "Joe" Santagato is an American entertainer and comedian from Astoria, New York. Santagato was born in Queens, New York and raised with his older siblings Thomas and Keith, his mother, Elizabeth Santagato, was a school secretary at a public school, his father, was a firefighter in the FDNY, who retired when Santagato was six. He is of paternal Italian descent, he attended St. Francis of Assisi Catholic School for kindergarten, public school for elementary school, Louis Armstrong Middle School, he went to St. Francis Preparatory School for high school, where he was a receiver on the high school football team. From a young age, he enjoyed sports and being in front of a camera. In 2010, one of Santagato's friends suggested. In early 2013, the digital journalism platform Narratively published feature about him and his family titled "The Kardashians of Queens". Before pursuing YouTube full-time, Santagato worked as a producer and editor for American online news platform Elite Daily. In 2016, he hosted.
On his YouTube channel, he endorses products relevant to his viewer audience and mentions his love for working with Audible, providing a discount code for his subscribers. He had his own website, http://www.santagato.com, but has been switched to a new website, https://www.joesantagato.com. He has his own merchandise website called The Santagato Store. Santagato's first YouTube channel was "SantagatoTV". In May 2014, he moved to his current "Joe Santagato" channel, he has a channel titled "Extra Joe" which contains daily vlogs, a sports channel titled "Veterans Minimum". Additionally, he has multiple podcasts on a station called "The Basement Yard", he has created a Youtube channel titled "The Basement Yard", which features clips from "The Basement Yard" podcast. "The Basement Yard" features Joe Santagato, alongside frequent visitors such as Frank Alvarez, Anthony Davino, Danny Lopriore and others. He has a Vine account. Santagato has appeared on his older brother, Keith's Youtube channel titled "Keith Santagato".
Alongside his old channel "SantagatoTV", Santagato has a Youtube channel titled "SantagatoVlogs", a vlogging channel. This channel was moved to his other channel, "ExtraJoe", to coincide his switch to "Joe Santagato", he was part of a Youtube channel titled "SDK", standing for "Settle Down Kids." This channel features six Youtubers, who make videos every Sunday, the last video uploaded was on February 1, 2017. SDK includes Ryan Abe, Adam Bongo, Nick Bongo, Joey Gatto, Jonah Green, Josh Sobo. Through SDK, he appeared a few times on a Youtube channel, Door3. Joe Santagato is close to his three siblings, Thomas and Keith, he was raised Roman Catholic, attended Mass during his childhood, still attends during holidays. His confirmation name is Nicholas, he has stated. Since 2015, Santagato has been in a relationship with former Instagram model Samantha "Sammy" Rickey, he is an avid fan of New York City sports teams, such as New York Rangers and New York Giants, he played football in high school. Santagato has stated comedians like George Carlin, Richard Pryor, Robin Williams, among others, has his major comedic influences.
He has stated he is interested in starting stand-up comedy, has co-written the screenplay for a Netflix comedy series, along with Greg Dybec. The series has not been announced yet. Santagato helped to create the Hasbro board game Speak Out in which players must recite phrases while a dental retractor is placed in their mouths; the game was released in August 2016 and was based off his video "Watch Ya' Mouth". Santagato worked with Hasbro to help promote the game on their social media. Hasbro has released Speak Out: Joe Santagato Edition, written by Santagato, is more explicit than the original version. Speak Out has been played several times on The Ellen DeGeneres Show with various celebrities, including Khloé Kardashian, Kevin Hart, Jimmy Fallon, Chris Pratt. In October 2017, Santagato announced that he had collaborated with two coworkers from his former workplace, Elite Daily, to introduce a new telecommunications company called Wing; the company uses Sprint Corporation's cellular towers and offers tiered and unlimited data options for consumers.
Customers are reimbursed for data, not used from their selected plan during their billing cycle. Taxes are listed as "five to ten percent" of a customer's bill, based on location. Santagato is a promoter of Hasbro's Hearing Things board game, where headphones are placed on one player's ears, another player recites phrases while the first player guesses the phrase based on lip movement. Official website
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a