Houston is the most populous city in the state of Texas and the fourth-most populous city in the United States. With a census-estimated 2014 population of 2.239 million within an area of 667 square miles, it is the largest city in the southern United States and the seat of Harris County. Located in Southeast Texas near the Gulf of Mexico, it is the city of Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land. Houston was founded on August 28,1836, near the banks of Buffalo Bayou and incorporated as a city on June 5,1837. The city was named after former General Sam Houston, who was president of the Republic of Texas and had commanded, the burgeoning port and railroad industry, combined with oil discovery in 1901, has induced continual surges in the citys population. Houstons economy has an industrial base in energy, aeronautics. Leading in health care sectors and building equipment, Houston has more Fortune 500 headquarters within its city limits than any city except for New York City. The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled, the city has a population from various ethnic and religious backgrounds and a large and growing international community.
Houston is the most diverse city in Texas and has described as the most diverse in the United States. It is home to cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year to the Museum District. Houston has a visual and performing arts scene in the Theater District. In August 1836, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York, Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen, purchased 6,642 acres of land along Buffalo Bayou with the intent of founding a city. The Allen brothers decided to name the city after Sam Houston, the general at the Battle of San Jacinto. The great majority of slaves in Texas came with their owners from the slave states. Sizable numbers, came through the slave trade. New Orleans was the center of trade in the Deep South. Thousands of enslaved African Americans lived near the city before the Civil War, many of them near the city worked on sugar and cotton plantations, while most of those in the city limits had domestic and artisan jobs. Houston was granted incorporation on June 5,1837, with James S.
Holman becoming its first mayor, in the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County and the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas
Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County
The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County is a major public transportation agency based in Houston, United States. It operates bus, light rail, bus transit. METRO operates bus service to two cities in Fort Bend County, the METRO headquarters are in the Lee P. Brown Administration Building in Downtown Houston. The Texas State Legislature authorized the creation of transit authorities in 1973. In 1978, Houston-area voters created METRO and approved a one-cent sales tax to support its operations, METRO opened for business in January 1979, taking over the bus service owned by the City of Houston known as HouTran. HouTran was plagued by outdated equipment, infrequent service, and a structure which failed to account for Houstons rapid population growth. METROs service area encompasses 1,285 square miles and portions of an eight-county region with its vanpool service. Tom Lambert is the current President and CEO of the agency, shirley DeLibero served as President and CEO of METRO from 1999 until 2004.
DeLibero was recruited to METRO by then-mayor Lee Brown, and was executive director of New Jersey Transit. Her tenure was marked by the introduction of the METRORail light rail transit system, Wilson arrived as the mayoral administration of Bill White replaced that of the term-limited Brown. In May 2010, Wilson signed a deal to terminate his employment as METRO president, George Greanias, a former city councilman and city controller, was named chief executive by the majority of the METRO board appointed by Mayor Annise Parker, even though he had no transit experience. Parker made the need for new leadership at METRO a key platform of her campaign, METRO has a very expansive, and heavily used bus system. Local bus service runs on city streets, stopping at every other corner along its entire route. METROs bus service is the most used bus system in Texas, METROs bus service includes the HOV/Park and Ride system. Park and Ride stations are placed alongside the freeways and used heavily during peak times, prior to the construction of METRORail, METRO consisted of the largest all-bus fleet in the United States, only because Houston was the largest major city devoid of any rail transit since 1990.
In 2015, the bus system was redesigned, eliminating low-ridership routes in favor of a high-frequency and this change was accomplished without any increase in operating costs. Local Most METRO buses typically operate on city streets, with the majority of routes serving several of Houstons major employment centers, the routes are grid-like crosstown routes that travel from one part of the city to another without entering downtown. Former bus routes that served prior to the opening of METRORail were rerouted to terminate at METRORail stations to eliminate duplicate service
Northline Transit Center
Northline Transit Center/HCC is a station on METRORail Red Line in Houston, United States. It is the Northern Terminus of the Red Line and it services the Northline Transit Center, located on the west side of the street and the Houston Community College Northline Campus. All routes connect at the Northline Transit Center
METRORail is the 23. 8-mile light rail system in Houston, Texas. As of 2015, the METRORail has a weekday ridership of 60,600. After Dallas DART Light Rail, METRORail ranks as the second most-traveled light rail system in the Southern United States, METRORail is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County. This line was built after an approximately 20-year battle, starting in 1983 when Houston voters rejected a plan by referendum. A voter referendum in 1988 approved a 20-mile light rail plan, Bob Lanier was elected mayor in 1992, in 1991, U. S. Rep. Tom DeLay removed $65 million in federal funding for the rail line. Then, Houston drew up a plan with entirely local funding. Ground was broken on the original 7. 5-mile, 16-station portion of the line on March 13,2001, the opening of METRORail, which took place on January 1,2004, came 64 years after the previous streetcar system had been shut down. Houston was the largest city in the United States without a system after the 1990 opening of the Blue Line in Los Angeles.
Tom DeLay strongly opposed construction of the METRORail line and twice blocked federal funding for the system in the United States House of Representatives. Thus the Metrorail was built without any federal funding until November 2011 when a $900 million grant was approved for expansions, Klineberg considers these changes a paradigm shift or sea change on attitudes towards mass transit. Construction began on the 5. 3-mile and 9-station North/Red Line Extension from UH–Downtown to the Northline Transit Center Station in July 2009 and this extension opened on December 21,2013, increasing the line to its current total of 12.8 miles and 24 stations. The 6. 6-mile Purple Line, with 10 stations, both lines, together costing $1.3 billion, share a track segment in downtown, run east and diverge. The light rail line operates all 7 days of the week and it begins operations at 3,30 a. m. weekdays and 4,30 a. m. weekends and ends service at 12,30 a. m. Monday thru Thursday nights,2,45 a. m, friday and Saturday nights and,12,30 a. m.
Sunday nights. Scheduled train frequency varies from 6 minutes during the day to 20 minutes off-peak, the scheduled time for an end-to-end trip through the entire 12. 8-mile Red Line is on average 55 minutes. METRORail operations are controlled from Houston TranStar, a traffic and emergency management center for the city, one source claims that the trains have priority signalling at intersections. The Red Line is a 12. 8-mile double-tracked,4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge line with 24 stations approximately 1⁄2 mile apart, almost the entire route is at grade and on city streets. The original 2004 portion from Fannin South to UH-Downtown is entirely at ground-level, power supply is from 600/750 volts DC overhead wires, with nine substations