Ambly-Fleury is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France. Ambly-Fleury is located some 10 km east by south-east of Rethel and some 23 km north-west of Vouziers. Access to the commune is by road D983 from Seuil in the west passing through the heart of the commune just south of the village and continuing east to Givry; the D45 minor road comes from near Amagne in the north-west through the village south to Mont-Laurent. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Ambly-Haut and Fleury on the D983 to the east of the village; the commune consists of farmland. The Canal des Ardennes passes through the heart of the commune parallel to the D983 in the west continuing north-east out of the commune; the Aisne river passes through the commune from the west passing to the north of the village meandering though the commune and forming part of the northern border. The Ruisseau de Saulces Champenoises flows from the south through the commune to join the Aisne. List of Successive Mayors The Church of Saint-Pierre-aux-Liens contains a number of items which are registered as historical objects: A Statue: Saint Paul A Statue: Saint Pierre A Group Sculpture: The Nativity A Bas-relief: The Crucifixion Communes of the Ardennes department Ambly-Fleury on the old National Geographic Institute website Ambly-Fleury on Lion1906 Ambly-Fleury on Google Maps Ambly-Fleury on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Ambly sur Aisne and Fleury on the 1750 Cassini Map Ambly-Fleury on the INSEE website INSEE
Ardennes is a department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France named after the Ardennes area. Its prefecture is the town Charleville-Mézières; the inhabitants of the department are known as Ardennaises. The department is surrounded by the French departments of Aisne to the west, Marne to the south, Meuse to the east and by the Belgian province of Namur to the north, it is traversed in its northern part by the winding valley of the Meuse and it is in this part of the department that the majority of people and activities are focused. Charleville-Mézières and Sedan are the main urban centres; the department is part of the Academy of Reims and under the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal of Reims. The INSEE and Post Code is 08. With an area of 5,229 square kilometres, the Ardennes was the smallest of the four departments that made up the region Champagne-Ardenne, it presents a degree of geographical diversity. Ardennes owes its name to a vast natural area, the Ardennes, a plateau cut by the Meuse and its many tributaries which extend above the Walloon part of southern Belgium as well as Luxembourg and the north of the neighbouring department of Meuse.
The highest point of the department is 504 m and is situated on the southern slopes of the Croix Scaille. It is in this part of the Ardennes mountains that the Meuse winds through, known locally as "the valley". Flowing into the northern part of the Ardennes department it waters both upstream and downstream the main cities of Sedan, Charleville-Mézières, Nouzonville, it has numerous tributaries – the main ones in the department being the Semois and the Chiers. In the south of the department where the Aisne flows lies the vast treeless plain of Champagne chalk extended to the south-west by the small grain-growing region of Porcien, while Thiérache in the west and Argonne in the east are fringe grasslands with highly individualized soils; the Ardennes department does not have a uniform climate throughout its territory not during the winter period. From the north near Aisne and the border with Belgium, through the centre near the Canton of Omont, to the south of the valley of the Meuse, the climate is considered "degraded continental".
The rest of the department has "temperate continental" climate. All this stems from the location of the department, midway between the English Channel, the North Sea and the interior of Europe; this difference can be observed. Winter is more rigorous and there is a higher risk of snow at Rocroi and Sedan – all cities in the north of the department where the common characteristics of the degraded continental climate prevail; this nuance of climate is evident by the temperature difference with the adjoining regions. The Nord-Pas-de-Calais and the Parisian Basin benefit from the maritime influences of the English Channel, the Pas de Calais, the North Sea as well as the geophysical conditions in the presence of flat terrain; this climatic difference is pronounced in the presence of frost in the valleys of the Meuse, the plateau of Rocroi, around the Croix-Scaille where it can be marked and has the disadvantage of persisting longer in the year with a significant influence on the vegetation. Despite a high birth rate, the department continues to lose population: 300,000 in 2000 due to high unemployment.
The two world wars have each time resulted in a loss of population. There were 330,000 people at the end of the 19th century; that the major urban areas of the department are the most affected is characterized by a stagnation of the population – a population decline of up to 2% compared to 1999 in the city centres and suburbs. The communes, are gaining inhabitants; this is explained by the search for better living in the countryside which matches the desire of many people to build a small land-holding a house with land to the detriment of their proximity to their workplace. This contemporary concept favours commuting between Home and Work; this is the phenomenon of suburbanization which has become common in the whole of France from which Ardennes does not escape. On 1 January 2006, the Ardennes population stood at 295,653 inhabitants; the population is declining in urban areas but five times less than in rural areas. The limited decline in the urban space where two thirds of the Ardennes people live is the result of two opposite dynamics.
Semi-urban communes have gained 0.5% of inhabitants per year over the period 1999–2006 at the expense of urban centres which lost 0.6% per year. For thirty years the population has lagged in the main cities of Ardennes. Between 1999 and 2006, the annual decline was 0.2% for Sedan and Rethel, 1.8% for Revin, 1% for Charleville-Mézières. The most unfavourable rural population change came from degradation of rural employment centres, such as Fumay or Vouziers and to a lesser extent that of their periphery; this was mitigated by a small increase in population in other rural communes. Population of main towns in 2014 The department is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 under the Act of 22 December 1789, it includes part of
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Apremont is a commune in the department of Ardennes in the Grand Est region of northern France. Apremont is located some 40 km north-west of Verdun, 6 km north-west of Varennes-en-Argonne, 5 km south-east of Fléville; the south-western border of the commune is the border between the departments of Ardennes and Marne while the south-eastern border is the border between Ardennes and Meuse departments. Access to the commune is by the D946 road from Fléville in the north-west passing through the eastern part of the commune and continuing to Varennes-en-Argonne. Access to the village is by the D242 running off the D946. There are the D42 road from Chatel-Chéhéry to the north to the village and the D442 from the village west to the commune border where it becomes the D66 and continues to join the D63. More than half of the commune is forested in the west while the smaller eastern portion is farmland; the Aire river flows through the commune from west to east near the village and forms part of the northern border of the commune.
The Ruisseau de Chaudron flows from the north-east into the Aire. On April 18, 1918 French and American troops fought German forces near the town. Many participants were from Massachusetts and there is a park in Westfield, Massachusetts to honor those who fought in the battle. In October 1918 this town was the site of a battle between the U. S. Army's German forces. List of Successive Mayors; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Communes of the Ardennes department Apremont on the old National Geographic Institute website Apremont on Lion1906 Apremont on Google Maps Apremont on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Apremont on the 1750 Cassini Map Apremont on the INSEE website INSEE
Grand Est Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, is an administrative region in eastern France. It superseded three former administrative regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine—on 1 January 2016, as a result of territorial reform, passed by the French legislature in 2014. Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine was a provisional name, created by hyphenating the merged regions in alphabetical order. France's Conseil d'État approved Grand Est as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016; the administrative capital and largest city is Strasbourg. The provisional name of the region was Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, formed by combining the names of the three present regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine—in alphabetical order with hyphens; the formula for the provisional name of the region was established by the territorial reform law and applied to all but one of the provisional names for new regions. The ACAL regional council, elected in December 2015, was given the task of choosing a name for the region and submitting it to the Conseil d'État—France's highest authority for administrative law—by 1 July 2016 for approval.
The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Grand Est, took effect. In Alsace and in Lorraine, the new region has been called ALCA, for Alsace-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardennes, on the internet. Like the name Région Hauts-de-France, the name Région Grand Est contains no reference whatsoever to the area's history or identity, but describes its geographical location within metropolitan France. In a poll conducted in November 2014 by France 3 in Champagne-Ardenne, Grand Est and Austrasie were the top two names among 25 candidates and 4,701 votes. Grand Est topped a poll the following month conducted by L'Est Républicain, receiving 42% of 3,324 votes; the names which received a moderate amount of discussion were: Grand Est français, a term used to refer to the northeast quarter of Metropolitan France, although this term refers to a geographic region larger than just ACAL. The term has been used and topped the polls mentioned above. Grand Est Europe, a variant of Grand Est that alludes to the region being a gateway to Europe both through trade and since Strasbourg is home to several European institutions.
However, the name was mocked for. Austrasie, which refers to an historical region spanning parts of present-day northeast France, the Benelux, northwest Germany. Quatre frontières. Grand Est is the sixth-largest of the regions of France. Grand Est borders four countries—Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland—along its northern and eastern sides, it is the only French region to border more than two countries. To the west and south, it borders the French regions Hauts-de-France, Île-de-France, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Grand Est contains ten departments: Ardennes, Bas-Rhin, Haute-Marne, Haut-Rhin, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Moselle, Vosges; the main ranges in the region include the Vosges to the Ardennes to the north. The region is bordered on the east by the Rhine. Other major rivers which flow through the region include the Meuse, Marne, Saône. Lakes in the region include lac de Gérardmer, lac de Longemer, lac de Retournemer, lac des Corbeaux, Lac de Bouzey, lac de Madine, étang du Stock and lac de Pierre-Percée.
Grand Est climate depends of the proximity of the sea. In Champagne and Western Lorraine, the climate is oceanic, with mild summers, but Moselle and Alsace climates are humid continental, characterized by cold winters with frequent days below the freezing point, hot summers, with many days with temperatures up to 32°C. Grand Est is the result of territorial reform legislation passed in 2014 by the French Parliament to reduce the number of regions in Metropolitan France—the part of France in continental Europe—from 22 to 13. ACAL is the merger of three regions: Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine; the merger has been, still is opposed by some groups in Alsace, a large majority of Alsatians. The territorial reform law allows new regions to choose the seat of the regional councils, but made Strasbourg the seat of the Grand Est regional council—a move to appease the region's politicians; the region has an official population of 5,555,186. The regional council has limited administrative authority concerning the promotion of the region's economy and financing educational and cultural activities.
The regional council has no legislative authority. The seat of the regional council will be Strasbourg; the regional council, elected in December 2015, is controlled by The Republicans. The elected inaugural president of the Grand Est Regional Council is Philippe Richert, the President of the Alsace Regional Council; the current president is Jean Rottner. The region has five tram networks: Strasbourg tramway Reims tramway Nancy Guided Light Transit Mulhouse tramway Saarbahn The region has four airports: EuroAirport Basel M
Aubrives is a commune in the Ardennes department in north-eastern France. Communes of the Ardennes department INSEE
Angecourt is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as DadasThe commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Angecourt is located 7 km north-west of Mouzon. Access to the commune is by road D6 from Remilly-Aillicourt in the north-east which passes through the commune and the village and continues to Haraucourt in the south-west. About half of the commune in the south and east is forested with the rest farmland; the Ennemane flows through the commune from south-west to north-east to join the Coupure de Remilly at Remilly-Aillicourt. From 1560 to 1642 Angecourt was part of the Principality of Sedan. Battle of Sedan List of Successive Mayors A Spinning Mill at 15 Rue du Chateau is registered as an historical monument; the Church of Saint Médard contains a Funeral Plaque of Nicolas des Oudet, registered as an historical object.
Communes of the Ardennes department Angecourt on the old IGN website Angecourt on Lion1906 Angecourt on the 1750 Cassini Map Angecourt on the INSEE website INSEE