Duncan Hunter 2008 presidential campaign
The Duncan Hunter presidential campaign, 2008 began when fourteen-term Congressman and Vietnam War veteran Duncan Hunter of California announced his intentions to run for the 2008 Republican nomination for President of the United States in January 2007. In the campaign, Hunter emphasized his conservative credentials, focusing on the issues of border security, the War on Terrorism, trade. Throughout 2007, he was in the second tier of Republican candidates receiving three percent or less support among Republicans in national polls. However, the campaign reached a high point. Though he qualified for one National Convention delegate at the Wyoming caucuses, Hunter dropped out of the race in January 2008, following a poor turnout in the Nevada caucuses. Hunter served as a First Lieutenant in the U. S. Army during the Vietnam War, he was awarded a Bronze Star, an Air Medal, the Vietnam Service Medal for his efforts on the battlefield. Upon his return home, Hunter pursued a career in law and was admitted to the bar in 1976.
Four years he won election to the U. S. House of Representatives as a Republican in the Reagan Revolution. At the onset of the 2008 campaign, Hunter had served in Congress since 1981. During his tenure, he boasted a 92% lifetime rating from the American Conservative Union; some of his successes included the passage of legislation leading to the construction of the 14-mile double-fence from the Pacific Ocean to Otay Mesa along the U. S.-Mexico border. He helped pass the Secure Fence Act of 2006, which provided for the construction of an additional 670 miles of fence; as a member of the House Armed Services Committee, Hunter pushed for increased military spending and advancements in military technology. He became chairman of the committee in 2003 and remained in the position until the Democratic Party won the majority of the House in the 2006 mid-term election. On October 30, 2006, before a crowd of about 100 people on the Naval Base San Diego waterfront, Hunter announced the formation of an exploratory committee to begin raising campaign funds and organizing supporters for the Republican Party's 2008 presidential nomination.
He reasoned, "his is going to be a long road, it's a challenging road, there's going to be some rough and tumble, but I think it's the right thing to do for our country." He did not seek advice from party leaders before making the decision. The New York Times described the move as a "surprise." Mesa College Political Science professor Carl Luna speculated that Hunter's run was an attempt to find "something to do" in preparation for his loss of the Armed Services Committee chairmanship with Democrats favored to reclaim the House. Political analysts saw little chance for the campaign's success. Claremont McKenna College government professor Jack Pitney argued that due to low name recognition and "no following within the party", Hunter "faces long odds". After the announcement, Hunter received the endorsement of retired Air Force Brigadier General Chuck Yeager, he won the January 13, 2007 Maricopa County, Arizona straw poll, edging all three projected top tier candidates including Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, Senator John McCain of Arizona, former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani.
Ten days Hunter filed papers with the Federal Elections Commission to begin his presidential campaign. In order to build support early in the campaign, Hunter participated in local straw polls. On March 1, at the Spartanburg, South Carolina poll, Hunter finished a close third in a statistical tie with McCain and Giuliani; the showing impressed Spartanburg Republican Gerald Emory who referred to Hunter as, "a true Ronald Reagan conservative that we can support." The following month he won the Anderson County, South Carolina straw poll and tied for second place in both the Greenwood County and Pickens County straw polls. Hunter thanked the counties for their support, which he claimed provided "a huge boost." He added, "t is clear our message of maintaining a strong national defense, securing our border without amnesty, holding China accountable on trade, protecting life are resonating with the voters. Our campaign is one of not flash and expense. We don't have an army of consultants and paid staff.
We do have the conservative message, true. In the end, that will be what Americans want." Hunter participated in all televised Republican Party debates until January 5, 2008. "I built the border fence in San Diego", he claimed, arguing it contributed to reductions in the smuggling of narcotics by 90% and a 50% drop in crime. Speaking of the bill Congress passed to build 854 miles of border fence across the Southwest, he noted that as of that moment, only two miles of the fence had been built, he quipped "this administration has a case of the slows on border enforcement."The next month, Hunter participated in the third GOP debate, featured on CNN. During the forum, he discussed his experience as chairman of the Armed Services Committee and voiced his support for the War in Iraq and the training of Iraqi battalions for security there. Hunter speculated; when asked what he would do as president if he discovered Iran was developing a nuclear weapon, Hunter stated that he "would authorize the use of tactical nuclear weapons if there was no other way to preempt..."
After discussing foreign policy, Hunter turned his attention to the issue of immigration. He again mentioned the importance of a border wall and evoked the au
Freddie Dalton Thompson was an American politician, lobbyist, columnist and radio personality. Thompson, a Republican, served in the United States Senate representing Tennessee from 1994 to 2003, was a GOP presidential candidate in 2008. Thompson served as chairman of the International Security Advisory Board at the United States Department of State, was a member of the U. S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, was a Visiting Fellow with the American Enterprise Institute, specializing in national security and intelligence. As an actor, Thompson appeared in a number of movies and television shows including The Hunt for Red October, Die Hard 2, In the Line of Fire, Cape Fear, as well as in commercials, he portrayed governmental authority figures and military men. In the final months of his U. S. Senate term in 2002, Thompson joined the cast of the NBC television series Law & Order, playing Manhattan District Attorney Arthur Branch. Thompson was born in Sheffield, Alabama, on August 19, 1942, the son of Ruth Inez and Fletcher Session Thompson, an automobile salesman.
Thompson had distant Dutch ancestry. He attended public school in Lawrenceburg, graduating from Lawrence County High School, where he played high-school football. Thereafter, he worked days in the local post office, nights at the Murray bicycle assembly plant. Thompson entered Florence State College, becoming the first member of his family to attend college, he transferred to Memphis State University, now the University of Memphis, where he earned a double degree in philosophy and political science in 1964, as well as scholarships to both Tulane and Vanderbilt law schools. He went on to earn his Juris Doctor degree from the Vanderbilt Law School in 1967. Thompson was admitted to the state bar of Tennessee in 1967. At that time, he shortened his first name from Freddie to Fred, he worked as an assistant U. S. attorney from 1969 to 1972 prosecuting bank robberies and other cases. Thompson was the campaign manager for Republican U. S. Senator Howard Baker's re-election campaign in 1972, was minority counsel to the Senate Watergate Committee in its investigation of the Watergate scandal.
In the 1980s, Thompson worked as an attorney, with law offices in Nashville and Washington, DC, handling personal injury claims and defending people accused of white collar crimes. He accepted appointments as special counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, special counsel to the Senate Intelligence Committee, member of the Appellate Court Nominating Commission for the State of Tennessee, his clients included Japan's Toyota Motors Corporation. Thompson served on various corporate boards, he did legal work and served on the board of directors for engineering firm Stone & Webster. In 1973, Thompson was appointed minority counsel to assist the Republican senators on the Senate Watergate Committee, a special committee convened by the U. S. Senate to investigate the Watergate scandal. Thompson was sometimes credited for supplying Republican Senator Howard Baker's famous question, "What did the President know, when did he know it?" This question is said to have helped frame the hearings in a way that led to the downfall of President Richard Nixon.
A Republican staff member, Donald Sanders, found out about the White House tapes and informed the committee on July 13, 1973. Thompson was informed of the existence of the tapes, he, in turn, informed Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt. "Even though I had no authority to act for the committee, I decided to call Fred Buzhardt at home," Thompson wrote, "I wanted to be sure that the White House was aware of what was to be disclosed so that it could take appropriate action." Three days after Sanders's discovery, at a public, televised committee hearing, Thompson asked former White House aide Alexander Butterfield the famous question, "Mr. Butterfield, were you aware of the existence of any listening devices in the Oval Office of the President?" Thereby publicly revealing the existence of tape recordings of conversations within the White House. National Public Radio called that session and the discovery of the Watergate tapes "a turning point in the investigation."Thompson's appointment as minority counsel to the Senate Watergate committee upset Nixon, who believed Thompson was not skilled enough to interrogate unfriendly witnesses and would be outfoxed by the committee Democrats.
According to historian Stanley Kutler, however and Baker "carried water for the White House, but I have to give them credit—they were watching out for their interests, too... They weren't going to mindlessly go down the tubes."Journalist Scott Armstrong, a Democratic investigator for the Senate Watergate Committee, is critical of Thompson for having disclosed the committee's knowledge of the tapes to Buzhardt during an ongoing investigation, says Thompson was "a mole for the White House" and that Thompson's actions gave the White House a chance to destroy the tapes. Thompson's 1975 book At That Point in Time, in turn, accused Armstrong of having been too close to The Washington Post's Bob Woodward and of leaking committee information to him. In response to renewed interest in this matter, in 2007 during his presidential campaign, Thompson said, "I'm glad all of this has caused someone to read my Watergate book though it's taken them over 30 years." In 1977, Thompson represented Marie Ragghianti, a former Tennessee Parole Board chair, who h
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani is an American politician, attorney and public speaker who served as the 107th Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. He acts as an attorney to President Donald Trump. Politically a Democrat an Independent in the 1970s, a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani served as United States Associate Attorney General from 1981 to 1983; that year he became the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, holding the position until 1989. He prosecuted cases against corrupt corporate financiers; when Giuliani took office as Mayor of New York City, he appointed a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city. Within several years, Giuliani was credited for making major improvements in the city's quality of life and lowering the rate of violent crimes.
While Giuliani was still Mayor, he ran for the United States Senate in 2000. Giuliani was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2001, was given an honorary knighthood in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II for his leadership in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001. In 2002, Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners and sold Giuliani Capital Advisors, joined a Texas firm while opening a Manhattan office for the firm renamed Bracewell & Giuliani. Giuliani sought the Republican Party's 2008 presidential nomination, was considered the early front runner in the race, before withdrawing from the race to endorse the eventual nominee, John McCain. Giuliani was considered a potential candidate for New York Governor in 2010 and for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012. Giuliani declined all races, instead remained in the business sector. In April 2018, Giuliani became one of President Trump's personal lawyers. Since he has appeared in the media in defense of President Trump. Giuliani was born in an Italian-American enclave in East Flatbush in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, the only child of working-class parents, Harold Angelo Giuliani and Helen Giuliani, both children of Italian immigrants.
Giuliani is of Tuscan origins from his father side, as his paternal grandparents were born in Montecatini, Italy. He was raised a Roman Catholic. Harold Giuliani, a plumber and a bartender, had trouble holding a job, was convicted of felony assault and robbery, serving time in Sing Sing. After his release he worked as an enforcer for his brother-in-law Leo D'Avanzo, who ran an organized crime operation involved in loan sharking and gambling at a restaurant in Brooklyn; the family lived in East Flatbush, Brooklyn until Harold died of prostate cancer in 1981, after which Helen moved to Manhattan's Upper East Side. Helen was featured in a television commercial to promote her son in the 1993 mayoral election; when Giuliani was seven years old in 1951, his family moved from Brooklyn to Garden City South, where he attended the local Catholic school, St. Anne's, he commuted back to Brooklyn to attend Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, graduating in 1961. Giuliani attended Manhattan College in Riverdale, where he majored in political science with a minor in philosophy and considered becoming a priest.
Giuliani was elected president of his class in his sophomore year, but was not re-elected in his junior year. He joined the Phi Rho Pi fraternity, he graduated in 1965. Giuliani decided to forego the priesthood and instead attended the New York University School of Law in Manhattan, where he made the NYU Law Review and graduated cum laude with a Juris Doctor degree in 1968. Giuliani started his political life as a Democrat, he volunteered for Robert F. Kennedy's presidential campaign in 1968, he worked as a Democratic Party committeeman on Long Island in the mid-1960s and voted for George McGovern for president in 1972. Upon graduation, Giuliani clerked for Judge Lloyd Francis MacMahon, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York. Giuliani did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War, his conscription was deferred while he was enrolled at NYU Law. Upon graduation from the latter in 1968, he was classified by the Selective Service System as 1-A, he was rejected. In 1969, Judge MacMahon wrote a letter to Giuliani's draft board, asking that he be reclassified as 2-A, because Giuliani, a law clerk for MacMahon, was an essential employee.
The deferment was granted. In 1970, Giuliani received a high draft lottery number. In 1975, Giuliani switched his party registration from Democratic to Independent as he was recruited to Washington, D. C. during the Ford administration, where he was named Associate Deputy Attorney General and chief of staff to Deputy Attorney General Harold "Ace" Tyler. His first high-profile prosecution was of Democratic U. S. Representative Bertram L. Podell, convicted of corruption. From 1977 to 1981, during the Carter administration, Giuliani practiced law at the Patterson, Belknap and Tyler law firm, as chief of staff to his previous DC boss, Ace Tyler. Tyler became
Dennis John Kucinich is an American politician. A former U. S. Representative from Ohio, serving from 1997 to 2013, he was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2004 and 2008 Presidential elections, he was a candidate for Governor of Ohio in the 2018 election, losing in the primary to Richard Cordray. From 1977 to 1979, Kucinich served as the 53rd Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, a tumultuous term in which he survived a recall election and was successful in a battle against selling the municipal electric utility before being defeated for reelection by George Voinovich; because of redistricting following the 2010 state elections, Kucinich was pitted against 9th District incumbent Marcy Kaptur in the 2012 race for the Democratic nomination of Ohio's 9th congressional district absorbed part of Cuyahoga County, which he lost. In January 2013, he became a contributor on the Fox News Channel, appearing on programs such as The O'Reilly Factor. Kucinich was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 8, 1946, as the eldest of the seven children of Virginia and Frank J. Kucinich.
His father, a truck driver, was of Croat ancestry. Growing up, his family moved 21 times and Dennis was charged with the responsibility of finding apartments they could afford, he attended Cleveland State University from 1967 to 1970. In 1973, he graduated from Case Western Reserve University with both a Bachelor and a Master of Arts degree in speech and communication. Kucinich's political career began in 1967. In 1969, Kucinich was elected to the Cleveland City Council at the age of twenty-three. In 1972, Kucinich ran for a House of Representatives seat, losing narrowly to incumbent Republican William E. Minshall Jr. After Minshall's retirement in 1974 Kucinich sought the seat again, this time failing to get the Democratic nomination, which instead went to Ronald M. Mottl. Kucinich ran as an Independent candidate in the general election, placing third with about 30% of the vote. In 1975, Kucinich became clerk of the municipal court in Cleveland and served in that position for two years. Kucinich was elected Mayor of Cleveland in 1977 and served in that position until 1979.
At thirty-one years of age, he was the youngest mayor of a major city in the United States, earning him the nickname "the boy mayor of Cleveland". Kucinich's tenure as mayor is regarded as one of the most tumultuous in Cleveland's history. After Kucinich refused to sell Municipal Light, Cleveland's publicly owned electric utility, the Cleveland mafia put out a hit on Kucinich. A hit man from Maryland planned to shoot him in the head during the Columbus Day Parade, but the plot fell apart when Kucinich was hospitalized and missed the event; when the city fell into default shortly thereafter, the mafia leaders called off the contract killer. It was the Cleveland Trust Company that required all of the city's debts be paid in full, which forced the city into default, after news of Kucinich's refusal to sell the city utility. For years, these debts were rolled over, pending future payment, until Kucinich's announcement was made public. In 1998, the Cleveland City Council honored him for having had the "courage and foresight" to stand up to the banks, which saved the city an estimated $195 million between 1985 and 1995.
After losing his re-election bid for Mayor to George Voinovich in 1979, Kucinich kept a low profile in Cleveland politics. He criticized a tax referendum proposed by Voinovich in 1980, which voters approved, he struggled to find employment and moved to Los Angeles, where he stayed with a friend, actress Shirley MacLaine. During the next three years, Kucinich worked as a radio talk-show host and consultant, it was a difficult period for Kucinich financially. Without a steady paycheck, Kucinich fell behind in his mortgage payments, nearly lost his house in Cleveland, ended up borrowing money from friends, including MacLaine, to keep it. On his 1982 income tax return, Kucinich reported an income of $38; when discussing this period, Kucinich stated, "When I was growing up in Cleveland, my early experience conditioned me to hang in there and not to quit... It's one thing to experience that as a child, but when you have to as an adult, it has a way to remind you how difficult things can be. You understand what people go through."In 1982, Kucinich moved back to Cleveland and ran for Secretary of State.
In 1983, Kucinich won a special election to fill the seat of a Cleveland city councilman who had died. His brother, Gary Kucinich, was a councilman at the time. In 1985, there was some speculation. Instead, his brother Gary ran against the incumbent Voinovich. Kucinich, gave up his council position to run for Governor of Ohio as an independent against Richard Celeste, but withdrew from the race. After this, Kucinich, in his own words "on a quest for meaning," lived in New Mexico until 1994, when he won a seat in the Ohio State Senate. In 1996, Kucinich was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, representing the 10th district of Ohio, he defeated two-term Republican incumbent Martin Hoke by three percentage points. He would never face another general election contest nearly that close, would be re-elected seven times. Committee on Education and the Workforce Subcommittee on Workforce Protections Subcommittee on Health, Employment and Pensions Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Regulatory Affairs, Stimulus Oversight and Government Spending Kucinich served as chair of the Congress
Tom Tancredo 2008 presidential campaign
The 2008 presidential campaign of Tom Tancredo, a Congressman from Colorado began on April 2, 2007 with a formal announcement. The campaign garnered grassroots support and endorsements from conservative Republicans concerned about illegal immigration and border security. However, Tancredo remained low in the polls and was criticized for his nativist campaign, described as "single-issued." Tancredo stated that he would not win the nomination but hoped his campaign would bring forth more debate on his issue of concern, immigration. On December 20, 2007 Tancredo withdrew from the presidential race, endorsed Mitt Romney. Prior to his announcement early in 2007, draft movements sprung to try to convince Congressman Tancredo to run for President of the United States. Tancredo responded to the draft efforts by stating that he would only start a campaign if a candidate in the race did not extensively address the issue of Immigration and stay committed to conservative principles. After Tancredo's announcement on April 2, 2007, he began campaigning in the strategically important state of New Hampshire, making his first appearance at a meeting and a speech in Hudson and Nashua on April 4.
Following this, Tancredo campaigned in the first caucus state of Iowa on April 14 at a fundraiser in Des Moines. Tancredo made over 90 campaign appearances in the state of Iowa and appeared in Des Moines five times, he appeared in New Hampshire 35 times and appeared sporadically in other states in the same time span. Until June, the campaign never took off in the polls nor in funds and received little media attention, with the exception of the May 15 GOP debate in South Carolina. However, Tancredo was given an opportunity to discuss immigration and attack the Bush administration and fellow Republican members of Congress at a GOP debate in New Hampshire on June 5, 2007, his criticism was directed at top tiered candidate John McCain for his support of the failed "Amnesty bill." But throughout the night, he continually criticized the policies of the Bush administration, which he labeled as "liberal." When asked what President Bush's role would be in a Tancredo administration, he reflected on a time in 2003 when he was told by Karl Rove to " darken the doorstep of the White House" because of his criticism of the president.
Tancredo concluded that President Bush would be given the same command if he became president. During the debate in regards to immigration and Republican members of Congress, Tancredo said the following: We're not just talking about the number of jobs that we may be losing or the number of kids that are in our schools and impacting our school system or the number of people that are abusing our hospital system and taking advantage of the welfare system in this country. We're not just talking about that. We're talking about something that goes to the heart of this nation: whether or not we will survive as a nation, and here's. What we're doing here in this immigration battle is testing our willingness to hold together as a nation or split apart into a lot of balkanized pieces. We are testing our willingness to hold on to something called the English language, something, the glue, supposed to hold us together as a nation. We are becoming a bilingual nation. And, not good. And, the fearful part of this.
The ramifications are much more significant than any that we've been discussing so far. And so, yes, I have said dramatic things. And, yes, I am willing to do, and that includes go after any Republican. As July approached and came to its close, Tancredo's standing improved somewhat with the looming Ames Straw Poll, his strategy to focus on Iowa continued, the number of grassroots supporters in the state increased. On July 31, the campaign developed an interesting new strategy, offering a trip to Washington, D. C. and a tour of the capitol to anyone who brought 25 Tancredo supporters to the straw poll. On the day before, supporters in Iowa distributed T-shirts which read "I'm a Member of Tom's Army Against Amnesty." Interviewed supporters were asked why they supported the candidate, they replied, "He has the concerns of America at heart, he's concerned about the culture of America itself. What's happening to the bedrock of American culture." Tancredo finished in fourth place at the Ames Straw poll with over 14% of the vote.
It was won by former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. On August 31, Tancredo shifted momentarily to a new issue. On the two-year anniversary of the landfall of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, he called for funds to be withdrawn and federal aid be cut off for the recovery effort, he remarked that it was time, "the taxpayer gravy train left the New Orleans station." The move was a step for the candidate to woo fiscal conservatives and advocates for states' rights, commenting that "at some point and local officials and individuals have got to step up to the plate and take some initiative, the mentality that people can wait around indefinitely for the federal taxpayer to solve all their worldly problems has got to come to an end." In September Tancredo participated in two debates which received much media attention for the decisions of top tiered candidates to not participate in them. He attended the Values Voters Debate in Fort Lauderdale, Florida on September 17, 2007. In the straw poll that followed, Tancredo came in seventh place with 2% of the vote.
Mike Huckabee won the straw poll with 63%. Tancredo appeared at the Black Caucus Debate on September 27 at Baltimore, Maryland which aired on PBS. During this debate he commented that the economic diffe
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician, lawyer and public speaker. She served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U. S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, as the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, the first woman nominated by a major party. Born in Chicago and raised in the Chicago suburb of Park Ridge, Clinton graduated from Wellesley College in 1969 and earned a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1973. After serving as a congressional legal counsel, she moved to Arkansas and married future president Bill Clinton in 1975. In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Families, she was appointed the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation in 1978, became the first female partner at Little Rock's Rose Law Firm the following year. As First Lady of Arkansas, she led a task force whose recommendations helped reform Arkansas's public schools.
As First Lady of the United States, Clinton advocated for healthcare reform. Her marital relationship came under public scrutiny during the Lewinsky scandal, which led her to issue a statement that reaffirmed her commitment to the marriage. In 2000, Clinton was elected as the first female Senator from New York, she was reelected to the Senate in 2006. Running for president in 2008, she won far more delegates than any previous female candidate, but lost the Democratic nomination to Barack Obama. During her tenure as U. S. Secretary of State in the Obama Administration from 2009 to 2013, Clinton responded to the Arab Spring by advocating military intervention in Libya, she helped to organize a diplomatic isolation and a regime of international sanctions against Iran in an effort to force curtailment of that country's nuclear program. Upon leaving her Cabinet position after Obama's first term, she wrote her fifth book and undertook speaking engagements. Clinton made a second presidential run in 2016.
She received the most votes and primary delegates in the 2016 Democratic primaries and formally accepted her party's nomination for President of the United States on July 28, 2016, with vice presidential running mate Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine. She lost the presidential election to Republican opponent Donald Trump in the Electoral College, despite winning a plurality of the popular vote, she received more than 65 million votes, the 3rd-highest count in a U. S. presidential election, behind Obama's victories in 2008 and 2012. Following her loss, she wrote her third memoir, What Happened, launched Onward Together, a political action organization dedicated to fundraising for progressive political groups. Hillary Diane Rodham was born on October 1947, at Edgewater Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois, she was raised in a United Methodist family. When she was three years old, her family moved to the Chicago suburb of Park Ridge, her father, Hugh Rodham, was of English and Welsh descent, managed a small but successful textile business, which he had founded.
Her mother, Dorothy Howell, was a homemaker of Dutch, French Canadian and Welsh descent. Clinton has two younger brothers and Tony; as a child, Rodham was a favorite student among her teachers at the public schools that she attended in Park Ridge. She earned numerous badges as a Brownie and a Girl Scout, she has told a story of being inspired by U. S. efforts during the Space Race and sending a letter to NASA around 1961 asking what she could do to become an astronaut, only to be informed that women were not being accepted into the program. She attended Maine East High School, where she participated in the student council, the school newspaper and was selected for the National Honor Society, she was elected class vice president for her junior year, but lost the election for class president for her senior year against two boys, one of whom told her that "you are stupid if you think a girl can be elected president". For her senior year and other students were transferred to the new Maine South High School, where she was a National Merit Finalist and was voted, "most to succeed".
She graduated in 1965 in the top five percent of her class. Rodham's mother wanted her to have an independent, professional career, her father, otherwise a traditionalist, felt that his daughter's abilities and opportunities should not be limited by gender, she was raised in a politically conservative household, she helped canvass Chicago's South Side at age 13 after the close 1960 U. S. presidential election. She saw evidence of electoral fraud against Republican candidate Richard Nixon, volunteered to campaign for Republican candidate Barry Goldwater in the U. S. presidential election of 1964. Rodham's early political development was shaped by her high school history teacher, who introduced her to Goldwater's The Conscience of a Conservative and by her Methodist youth minister, with whom she saw and afterwards met, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. at a 1962 speech in Chicago's Orchestra Hall. In 1965, Rodham enrolled at Wellesley College. During her freshman year, she served as president of the Wellesley Young Republicans.
As the leader of this "Rockefeller Republican"-oriented group, she supported the elections of moderate Republicans John Lind
Tommy George Thompson is an American Republican politician, a state legislator in Wisconsin, 42nd Governor of Wisconsin from 1987 to 2001, making him the longest serving governor in the state's history. During his tenure as governor he was chair of Amtrak, the nation's passenger rail service, he served as the U. S. Secretary of Health and Human Services from 2001–05, appointed by George W. Bush. After his time in the Bush Administration, Thompson became a partner in the law-firm Akin Gump, Chairman of Deloitte's global healthcare practice, he has served on the board of 22 other organizations. Thompson was a candidate for the U. S. Presidential election in 2008, though he withdrew from the race before the primaries. In 2012, he was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate seat in Wisconsin, hoping to replace retiring Democrat Herb Kohl, but was defeated by Tammy Baldwin, making it his only statewide loss. Thompson was born in Wisconsin, his mother, was a teacher, his father, Allan Thompson and ran a gas station and country grocery store.
His brother, the late Ed Thompson, was a mayor of Tomah and was the Libertarian Party nominee for Governor of Wisconsin in 2002. Thompson earned his bachelor and law degrees from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1963 and 1966, respectively. While in law school, Thompson was elected chairman of the Madison Young Republicans. Thompson held a student deferment from military service during the Vietnam War until he completed law school in June 1966; the following year, 1966, Thompson enlisted in the National Guard. After completing six years in the National Guard, Thompson served in the Army Reserves for another four years, his final rank was captain. After completing law school in 1966, Thompson ran for the Wisconsin State Assembly. In the Republican primary, he defeated incumbent Assemblyman Louis Romell by 635 votes, after Romell had underestimated the challenge Thompson represented. In 1973, Thompson became the Assembly's assistant minority leader and, in its minority leader. Thompson aggressively used parliamentary procedure to block bills favored by the Democratic majority and stop legislative progress, earning him the nickname "Dr.
No" by the frustrated majority. As a state legislator, Thompson was involved in the early years of the American Legislative Exchange Council, a conservative legislative organization. Speaking at a 2002 ALEC meeting, Thompson stated: "I always loved going to meetings because I always found new ideas. I'd take them back to Wisconsin, disguise them a little bit, declare,'That's mine.'" ALEC awarded Thompson its "Thomas Jefferson Award" in 1991. While Thompson was Assistant Minority Leader in the Assembly, incumbent Republican U. S. Congressman William Steiger of Wisconsin's 6th congressional district died at the age of 40 from a heart attack. Thompson was one of seven Republican candidates who ran to replace Steiger in the special election in 1979. Tom Petri won the primary and general elections and represented the 6th district until his retirement in January 2015. Thompson served as the 42nd Governor of Wisconsin, having been elected to an unprecedented four terms; as of April 2013, Thompson has the tenth longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.
S. history at 5,141 days. 1986 Thompson decided to run for Governor of Wisconsin in 1986 against incumbent Democrat Anthony Earl. He won the Republican primary with 52 % of the vote in a five candidate field, he defeated Earl 53%–46%. 1990Thompson won election to a second term defeating Democrat Thomas Loftus, the Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly, 58%–42%. 1994Thompson won election to a third term defeating Democratic State Senator Chuck Chvala 67%–31%. He won every county in the state except Menominee County. 1998Thompson won election to a fourth term defeating Democrat Ed Garvey, a Wisconsin Deputy Attorney General, 60%–39%. Thompson is best known nationally for pushing his state to overhaul its welfare system; these reforms were implemented and pioneered before Congress and President Clinton undertook national reform of the program. Under his leadership, Wisconsin reduced its welfare rolls by 90%, cutting welfare spending but increasing investments in child care and health care for low-income working families.
Thompson was called a "pioneer" for two key initiatives of his governorship, the Wisconsin Works welfare reform and school vouchers. In 1990 Thompson pushed for the creation of the country's first parental school-choice program, which provided Milwaukee families with a voucher to send children to the private or public school of their choice, he created the BadgerCare program, designed to provide health coverage to those families whose employers don't provide health insurance but make too much money to qualify for Medicaid. Through the federal waiver program, Thompson helped replicate this program in several states when he became Secretary of Health and Human Services. Thompson was well known for his extensive use of the veto his sweeping line-item veto powers. Wisconsin governors have the power to strike out words and entire sentences from appropriations bills. In his first two terms alone, he used the line-item veto 1,500 times to cancel a total of $150 million in spending. Thompson's welfare reform policies were criticized.
Wendell Primus of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities wrote that "Many families have lost ground though they are no longer on welfare." Many of Wisconsin's poor remained well below the federal poverty line. In addition more of the state's poorest children lacked health insurance than before Thompson's welfare overhaul; the gro