Winter (Deighton novel)
Winter is a 1987 novel by Len Deighton, which follows the lives of a German family from 1899 to 1945. At the same time the novel provides an historical background to several of the characters in Deighton's nine novels about the British intelligence agent Bernard Samson, who grew up in the ruins of Berlin after World War II; the narrative starts on the eve of the year 1900 with Harald Winter, a German businessman with two sons and Paul, two different brothers, whose lives are inextricably linked with Germany in the years leading up to World War II. One a scholar and one a romantic, their lives diverge, leading one into the inner mechanisms of the Nazi Party and one into exile in America, the birthplace of their mother. From their sheltered childhood through their violent coming of age in the Great War, from the chaos of 1920's Berlin to the spreading power of Hitler they are wrenched apart by conflicting ideals and ambitions, their story is further complicated by their father's long standing affair with a Hungarian woman revealed to be Jewish.
Since the entire story unfolds as a flashback from the time of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials after the Nazis' defeat, the readers know that both would make a career as lawyers, but in divergent directions: one would enter the Nazi Party and think up various "legal" ways to legitimise their crimes, while the other brother would be a staunch anti-Nazi, go into exile and come back to Germany after the war as a member of the American war crimes prosecution. But the reader cannot be sure, until deep in the book's plot, which. For readers of Len Deighton's three trilogies about the MI6 operative Bernard Samson, this is the story that started it all; the novel provides the historical background to several of the characters in the nine novels. It does this by introducing the reader to a minor character at least in this novel -, a British intelligence agent, a character which recurs in different guises throughout the novel, for a brief period in the 1920s; this character, we learn, is Bernard's father.
It is made clear that Brian Samson loathed the Nazis. A further contrast is supplied through the use of Brian's social displacement as a working class man operating in the rarified atmosphere of the world of pre-war and wartime espionage; this is echoed in Bernard, who makes frequent reflections about his lack of University education in comparison to both his peers and his wife. The book contains an atmospheric description of a Zeppelin raid on London. Winter received favorable reviews, with critics describing it as "a masterful portrayal of the German Zeitgeist of half a century" and that it "makes comprehensible the awful appeal of Nazism to people of different persuasions"
Sir Michael Caine, is an English actor and author. He has appeared in more than 130 films in a career spanning 70 years and is considered a British film icon. Known for his cockney accent, Caine was born in South London, where during his early childhood, he and his parents lived in a rented flat on Urlwin Street, in Camberwell, he made his breakthrough in the 1960s with starring roles in British films, including Zulu, The Ipcress File, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award, The Italian Job, Battle of Britain. His roles in the 1970s included Get Carter, The Last Valley, for which he earned his second Academy Award nomination, The Man Who Would Be King, A Bridge Too Far, he achieved some of his greatest critical success in the 1980s, with Educating Rita, earning him the BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. In 1986, he received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters. Caine played Ebenezer Scrooge in The Muppet Christmas Carol.
This was his first starring role in several years, which led to a career resurgence in the late 1990s, receiving his second Golden Globe Award for his performance in Little Voice in 1998, receiving his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The Cider House Rules, the following year. Caine played Nigel Powers in the 2002 parody Austin Powers in Goldmember, Alfred Pennyworth in Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy, he appeared in several other of Nolan's films, including The Prestige and Interstellar. He appeared in Alfonso Cuarón's Children of Men and Matthew Vaughn's action comedy film Kingsman: The Secret Service; as of February 2017, films in which he has starred have grossed over $3.5 billion domestically, over $7.8 billion worldwide. Caine is ranked as the twentieth-highest-grossing box office star. Caine is one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s, the other one being Jack Nicholson. Caine appeared in seven films that featured in the British Film Institute's 100 greatest British films of the 20th century.
In 2000, Caine received a BAFTA Fellowship, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his contribution to cinema. Michael Caine was born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite on 14 March 1933 in St Olave's Hospital in Rotherhithe, London, his father, Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Sr. was a fish market porter, while his mother, Ellen Frances Marie Burchell, was a cook and charwoman. He was brought up in his mother's Protestant religion. Caine had an elder maternal half-brother named David William Burchell, a younger full brother, Stanley Micklewhite, he grew up in Southwark and during the Second World War, he was evacuated to North Runcton near King's Lynn in Norfolk where he had a pet carthorse called Lottie. After the war, his father was demobilised, the family were rehoused by the council in Marshall Gardens at the Elephant and Castle in a prefabricated house made in Canada, as much of London's housing stock had been damaged during the Blitz in 1940–1941: The prefabs, as they were known, were intended to be temporary homes while London was reconstructed, but we ended up living there for eighteen years and for us, after a cramped flat with an outside toilet, it was luxury.
In 1944, he passed his eleven-plus exam. After a year there he moved to Wilson's Grammar School in Camberwell, which he left at sixteen after gaining a School Certificate in six subjects, he worked as a filing clerk and messenger for a film company in Victoria Street and film producer Jay Lewis in Wardour Street. From 28 April 1952, when he was called up to do his national service until 1954, he served in the British Army's Royal Fusiliers, first at the BAOR HQ in Iserlohn, on active service during the Korean War, he had gone into Korea feeling sympathetic to communism, coming as he did from a poor family, but the experience left him permanently repelled. He experienced a situation where he knew he was going to die, the memory of which stayed with him and formed his character, he detailed the incident in The Elephant to Hollywood. Caine would like to see the return of national service to help combat youth violence, stating: "I'm just saying, put them in the Army for six months. You're there to learn.
You belong to the country. When you come out, you have a sense of belonging, rather than a sense of violence." Caine began his acting career at the age of 20 in Horsham, when he responded to an advertisement in The Stage for an assistant stage manager who would perform small walk-on parts for the Horsham-based Westminster Repertory Company who were performing at the Carfax Electric Theatre. Adopting the stage name "Michael Scott", in July 1953 he was cast as the drunkard Hindley in the Company's production of Wuthering Heights, he moved to the Lowestoft Repertory Company in Suffolk for a year when he was 21. It was here, he has described the first nine years of his career as "really brutal" as well as "more like purgatory than paradise". Whilst in Lowestoft rep at the Arcadia Theatre
Funeral in Berlin (film)
Funeral in Berlin is a 1966 British spy film directed by Guy Hamilton and based on the novel of the same name by Len Deighton. It is the second of three 1960s films starring Michael Caine as the character Harry Palmer that followed the characters from the initial film, The Ipcress File; the third film was Billion Dollar Brain. British secret agent Harry Palmer is sent to Berlin by his superior Colonel Ross to arrange the defection of Colonel Stok, a prominent Soviet intelligence officer. Palmer is sceptical but links up with Johnny Vulkan, an old German friend and former criminal associate, who now runs the Berlin station for British intelligence. Palmer makes a rendezvous with Stok in the Soviet zone of the divided city and finds him eccentric and likeable. Stok asks for the defection to be managed by Otto Kreutzman, a West German criminal who has organised a number of recent escapes; when Palmer returns to the western sector he meets a model who calls herself Samantha Steel, with whom he spends the night.
Suspicious at the forward manner in which she approached him, he has his police contacts establish her identity the following day and arranges for a criminal to burgle her apartment, where several different false passports are discovered. Meanwhile, Palmer arranges a deal with Kreutzman to bring Stok across the wall for £20,000. Palmer returns to London to report. Ross is convinced that Stok's defection is genuine and dismisses Palmer's suspicions that the model he met in Berlin was a spy. Ross gives full authorisation for Palmer to return to Berlin to complete the deal, with documents and money provided by a man at Intelligence headquarters named Hallam; the plan devised by Kreutzman is to arrange a burial and bring the Colonel across the border in a coffin. When Palmer again meets Samantha, she admits that she is a Mossad spy and that she is in Berlin to hunt down a war criminal named Paul Louis Broum – now operating under an alias – who stole millions of pounds of gold during the Second World War.
Kreutzman goes over to the east to supervise the defection in view of its importance. Palmer waits with Kreutzman's henchman on the western side of the border, where the coffin is delivered to an abandoned warehouse; when it is opened, Palmer finds the dead body of Kreutzmann. Palmer is knocked unconscious by Vulkan, who gets hold of the Broum documents that were included as part of the deal but is held up by Samantha and two other Israeli agents who take away the papers; when Palmer informs Colonel Ross about the Broum documents, he is told that towards the end of the war, Paul Louis Broum murdered a resistance fighter called Johnny Vulkan at a concentration camp and assumed his identity. Ross used them to blackmail Broum into working for him, he now orders Palmer to kill Broum. Palmer meets Stok, in West Berlin for a routine meeting with his Western counterparts; the Russian confirms. He jokes that if Palmer wishes to defect to the East, he should ask Vulkan, who "knows the way". Meanwhile, the supposed Vulkan goes to Samantha's flat, murders an Israeli agent and gets the documents back, but when he meets with Hallam they discover that they are forgeries.
Hallam goes to Palmer. Palmer forces him to admit that he is in league with Broum to get them out of London and they now intend to use them in order to claim the Nazi loot that Broum deposited in a Swiss bank. Palmer forces Hallam to go with him to a quiet part of the Berlin wall through which Broum and Hallam intend to slip into the East, but Broum kills Hallam and is subsequently killed by the Israeli agents tailing Palmer. Back in London, Ross is satisfied that the dead Vulkan will be taken for another martyr shot while escaping to the West. Offered a bonus for his work, Palmer leaves. In a short documentary film entitled "Man at the Wall: The Making of Funeral in Berlin" produced by Paramount Pictures about the production of the movie, Michael Caine says that director Guy Hamilton – who directed Goldfinger and three James Bond features – would make on-set improvisations to the script based on his own personal experiences working for British military intelligence during World War II.video Funeral in Berlin was released as a Region 1 DVD on 14 August 2001.
Funeral in Berlin on IMDb Funeral in Berlin at the TCM Movie Database
London Match is a 1985 spy novel by Len Deighton. It is the concluding novel in the first of three trilogies about Bernard Samson, a middle-aged and somewhat jaded intelligence officer working for the British Secret Intelligence Service. London Match is part of the Game and Match trilogy, being preceded by Berlin Game and Mexico Set; this trilogy is followed by the Hook and Sinker trilogy and the final Faith and Charity trilogy. Deighton's novel Winter is a prequel to the nine novels, covering the years 1900-1945 and providing the backstory to some of the characters. London Match concludes the story that began with Berlin Game, where Bernard Samson's wife Fiona was unmasked as a KGB double agent and was forced into defecting, and, continued in Mexico Set, where Bernard Samson assisted the defection of Erich Stinnes, his KGB opposite number. Samson suspects that there is a traitor within his department of MI6, due to the appearance of a memorandum, leaked to the KGB, it transpires that it is part of a plot conducted by his wife—now working for East German intelligence—to frame his superior, Bret Rensselaer, as a KGB agent.
When Samson's old friend Werner Volkmann is arrested by the East German police Samson organizes an unauthorised exchange of defector Erich Stinnes for him, but the operation ends in a shootout on the Berlin S-Bahn. Bernard Samson was played by Ian Holm and Fiona Samson by Mel Martin in a 1988 Granada Television adaptation of the first trilogy, entitled Game and Match, transmitted as twelve 60 minute episodes. Filmed on location in Berlin and Mexico, the project included a large international cast with 3,000 extras and a budget of $8 million. While critically acclaimed, the ratings for the series were a disaster, it was adapted by John Howlett and directed by Ken Grieve and Patrick Lau
Horse Under Water
Horse Under Water is the second of four Len Deighton spy novels featuring an unnamed British agent protagonist. It was followed by Funeral in Berlin; the novel is set in 1960 in a small fishing village in Portugal, during the António de Oliveira Salazar a dictatorship. It retains the style of The IPCRESS File — multiple plots twists, Gauloises cigarettes, the grime- and soot-stained British winter. In common with several of Deighton's other early novels, the chapter headings have a running theme. In Horse Under Water these are crossword puzzle clues, reflecting the protagonist's habit of endlessly writing and replacing words in crossword puzzles; the first edition of Horse Under Water published by Jonathan Cape was shorter than the Penguin edition, which included a detailed description of the anonymous British agent's diving course and introduced characters seen in the book, such as Chief Petty Officer Edwardes. The plot centres on retrieving items from a Type XXI U-boat sunk off the Portuguese coast in the last days of World War II.
The items are forged British and American currency, for financing a revolution in Portugal on the cheap. It switches to heroin, it is revealed that the true interest is in the "Weiss list" – a list of Britons prepared to help the Third Reich set up a puppet government in Britain, should Germany prevail. Thrown into the mix is secret "ice melting" technology, which could be vital to the missile submarines beginning to hide under the Arctic sea ice; the secret weather buoys used by the wartime Kriegsmarine were not as sophisticated as the one described in the novel. They were not submersible and, at the end of their expected battery life of two months, they were supposed to self-destruct with an explosive charge. See Weather Station Kurt. Horse Under Water is the only one of the series, not adapted into film. A 1968 film adaptation was planned, but following the poor reception of Billion Dollar Brain it was abandoned
Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain
Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain is a Second World War military history book by English author Len Deighton. First published in 1977, Fighter was Deighton's first history book, he having made his name as a writer of spy fiction. Deighton was encouraged to write the book by his friend, the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who wrote the introduction to Fighter; the book covers the traditional period of the Battle of Britain and the build-up to it, describing the war in the air as much from the German point of view as the British. Deighton explains both the political and personal machinations and how they influenced technical decisions and affected the efforts of both countries. There are short biographies of the major "players", from the commanders down to the pilots in the field, it covers the errors made in the strategic and technical decisions made by both sides with remarkable objectivity. Many'myths' about the Battle addressed are punctured by Deighton, which leaves one to conclude that the Royal Air Force achieved their main aim - to survive as an effective fighting force - because they made fewer mistakes than did the Luftwaffe.
Deighton's description of RAF Manston ground crew, under repeated attack, remaining against orders in their air raid shelters and refusing to carry out their duties has been called a'myth'. Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding is Deighton's hero in this book, being one of the few people who perceived the situation accurately. Deighton argues. Despite winning the battle, Dowding was badly treated by the Whitehall bureaucracy and dismissed - along with Keith Park, commander of 11 Group which had borne the brunt of the fighting - shortly after the victory
Mervyn Ian Guy Hamilton, DSC was an English film director. He directed 22 films from the 1950s including four James Bond films. Hamilton was born in Paris on 16 September 1922, where his English parents were living, attended school in England, his first exposure to the film industry came in 1938, when he was a clapperboard boy at the Victorine Studios in Nice. At the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Hamilton escaped from France by the MV Saltersgate, a collier bound for French North Africa. Having travelled from Oran to Gibraltar before arriving in London, he worked in the film library at Paramount News before being commissioned in the Royal Navy. During this service he was left behind for a month in occupied Brittany. Shortly after the war, Hamilton returned to the film industry as an assistant director on three Carol Reed films: The Fallen Idol. Hamilton held Reed in high esteem. Hamilton spent the early part of the 1950s creating films focused on military stories, such as The Intruder dealing with soldiers returning to civilian life, the prisoner-of-war story The Colditz Story, his highest-grossing movie of the decade.
He served as an assistant director on the film The African Queen. His other films of the 1950s include An Inspector Calls, the musical comedy Charley Moon, Manuela. Hamilton had his first experience with larger-budget films towards the end of the decade, when he replaced the sacked Alexander Mackendrick on the set of The Devil's Disciple featuring Kirk Douglas and Burt Lancaster. Hamilton again found himself working with a war theme on the Dino De Laurentiis-produced Italian war comedy The Best of Enemies; this was the first film to show Hamilton's skill with intricate set-piece action sequences. He turned down an offer to direct the first James Bond film, his next release, somewhat outside his developing œuvre, was The Party's Over, though filmed in 1963, was not released until 1965. The film was censored and, in protest, Hamilton asked for his name to be removed when the film was released. Hamilton followed with Goldfinger, he was able to merge the series' mix of action adventure, sexual innuendo and black humour.
In the late 1960s, Hamilton directed two further films for Bond producer Harry Saltzman: Funeral in Berlin, the war epic Battle of Britain. Hamilton returned to the Bond film franchise with the chase- and gadget-dependent Diamonds Are Forever and Let Die and The Man with the Golden Gun, he claimed in a much interview that he had instructed Roger Moore not to mimic Sean Connery's rendition of James Bond. Hamilton's only films in the latter part of the 1970s were the commercially unsuccessful Force 10 from Navarone and the poorly received adaptation of Agatha Christie's mystery The Mirror Crack'd, he was chosen to direct Superman: The Movie, owing to his status as a tax exile, he was allowed to be in England for only thirty days, where production had moved at the last minute to Pinewood Studios. The job of director was passed to Richard Donner, but Hamilton insisted he be paid in full. Another Christie adaptation followed in 1982, with Evil Under the Sun, received more favourably than The Mirror Crack'd.
Hamilton directed only two more films in the 1980s before retiring. In the late 1980s, Guy Hamilton was approached to direct Batman, but declined. In a 2003 interview, he said that the contemporary Bond films relied too on special effects and not as much on the spectacular and risky stunts of the Bond films of his era. Hamilton was married twice, first to Naomi Chance, to the actress Kerima. Hamilton died at the age of 93 on 20 April 2016, at his home in Spain. Goldfinger Diamonds Are Forever Live and Let Die The Man with the Golden Gun Guy Hamilton on IMDb "All that Glitters is Goldfinger: In Conversation with Guy Hamilton". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. "Honor Blackman presents Guy Hamilton with Cinema Retro Award at Pinewood Studios'Goldfinger' Reunion". Cinema Retro. Ritman, Alex. "Guy Hamilton, Director of Four James Bond Films, Dies at 93". The Hollywood Reporter. Clahane, Patrick. "Guy Hamilton: The James Bond director who went undercover in WW2". BBC News Online