Awakenings is a 1973 non-fiction book by Oliver Sacks. It recounts the life histories of those, victims of the 1920s encephalitis lethargica epidemic. Sacks chronicles his efforts in the late 1960s to help these patients at the Beth Abraham Hospital in the Bronx, New York; the treatment used the then-new drug L-DOPA. In 1982, Sacks wrote: I have become much more optimistic than I was when I wrote Awakenings, for there has been a significant number of patients who, following the vicissitudes of their first years on L-DOPA, came to do – and still do – well; such patients have undergone an enduring awakening, enjoy possibilities of life, impossible, before the coming of L-DOPA. The book inspired the 1982 play A Kind of Alaska by Harold Pinter, performed as part of a trilogy of Pinter's plays titled Other Places, a documentary television episode, the pilot of the British television programme Discovery, it was made into a 1990 Oscar-nominated film, Awakenings starring Robert De Niro and Robin Williams.
The 1976 edition of the book is dedicated to the memory of poet W. H. Auden, bears an extract from Auden's 1969 poem The Art of Healing: Prior to his 1973 death, Auden himself wrote: "Have read the book and think it a masterpiece". In 1974 the book won the Hawthornden Prize. Other Places – Listed in "Plays" section of haroldpinter.org. Includes photograph of playbill, production details, retyped performance review by Alan Jenkins published in The Times Literary Supplement entitled "The Withering of Love", reproduced with permission
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. The brain is located in the head close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision; the brain is the most complex organ in a vertebrate's body. In a human, the cerebral cortex contains 14–16 billion neurons, the estimated number of neurons in the cerebellum is 55–70 billion; each neuron is connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body targeting specific recipient cells. Physiologically, the function of the brain is to exert centralized control over the other organs of the body; the brain acts on the rest of the body both by generating patterns of muscle activity and by driving the secretion of chemicals called hormones. This centralized control allows coordinated responses to changes in the environment.
Some basic types of responsiveness such as reflexes can be mediated by the spinal cord or peripheral ganglia, but sophisticated purposeful control of behavior based on complex sensory input requires the information integrating capabilities of a centralized brain. The operations of individual brain cells are now understood in considerable detail but the way they cooperate in ensembles of millions is yet to be solved. Recent models in modern neuroscience treat the brain as a biological computer different in mechanism from an electronic computer, but similar in the sense that it acquires information from the surrounding world, stores it, processes it in a variety of ways; this article compares the properties of brains across the entire range of animal species, with the greatest attention to vertebrates. It deals with the human brain insofar; the ways in which the human brain differs from other brains are covered in the human brain article. Several topics that might be covered here are instead covered there because much more can be said about them in a human context.
The most important is brain disease and the effects of brain damage, that are covered in the human brain article. The shape and size of the brain varies between species, identifying common features is difficult. There are a number of principles of brain architecture that apply across a wide range of species; some aspects of brain structure are common to the entire range of animal species. The simplest way to gain information about brain anatomy is by visual inspection, but many more sophisticated techniques have been developed. Brain tissue in its natural state is too soft to work with, but it can be hardened by immersion in alcohol or other fixatives, sliced apart for examination of the interior. Visually, the interior of the brain consists of areas of so-called grey matter, with a dark color, separated by areas of white matter, with a lighter color. Further information can be gained by staining slices of brain tissue with a variety of chemicals that bring out areas where specific types of molecules are present in high concentrations.
It is possible to examine the microstructure of brain tissue using a microscope, to trace the pattern of connections from one brain area to another. The brains of all species are composed of two broad classes of cells: neurons and glial cells. Glial cells come in several types, perform a number of critical functions, including structural support, metabolic support and guidance of development. Neurons, are considered the most important cells in the brain; the property that makes neurons unique is their ability to send signals to specific target cells over long distances. They send these signals by means of an axon, a thin protoplasmic fiber that extends from the cell body and projects with numerous branches, to other areas, sometimes nearby, sometimes in distant parts of the brain or body; the length of an axon can be extraordinary: for example, if a pyramidal cell of the cerebral cortex were magnified so that its cell body became the size of a human body, its axon magnified, would become a cable a few centimeters in diameter, extending more than a kilometer.
These axons transmit signals in the form of electrochemical pulses called action potentials, which last less than a thousandth of a second and travel along the axon at speeds of 1–100 meters per second. Some neurons emit action potentials at rates of 10–100 per second in irregular patterns. Axons transmit signals to other neurons by means of specialized junctions called synapses. A single axon may make as many as several thousand synaptic connections with other cells; when an action potential, traveling along an axon, arrives at a synapse, it causes a chemical called a neurotransmitter to be released. The neurotransmitter binds to receptor molecules in the membrane of the target cell. Synapses are the key functional elements of the brain; the essential function of the brain is cell-to-cell communication, synapses are the points at which communication occurs. The human brain has been estimated to contain 100 trillion synapses; the functions of these synapses are diverse: some are excitatory.
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent's southeastern coast. "Buenos Aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the former was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas, with a population of around 15.6 million. The city of Buenos Aires is the Province's capital. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province; the city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Flores. The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, its citizens first elected a chief of government in 1996.
Buenos Aires is considered an'alpha city' by the study GaWC5. Buenos Aires' quality of life was ranked 91st in the world, being one of the best in Latin America in 2018, it is the most visited city in South America, the second-most visited city of Latin America. Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, is known for its preserved Eclectic European architecture and rich cultural life. Buenos Aires held the 1st Pan American Games in 1951 as well as hosting two venues in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Buenos Aires hosted the 2018 the 2018 G20 summit. Buenos Aires is a multicultural city, being home to multiple religious groups. Several languages are spoken in the city in addition to Spanish, contributing to its culture and the dialect spoken in the city and in some other parts of the country; this is because in the last 150 years the city, the country in general, has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the world, making it a melting pot where several ethnic groups live together and being considered one of the most diverse cities of the Americas.
It is recorded under the archives of Aragonese that Catalan missionaries and Jesuits arriving in Cagliari under the Crown of Aragon, after its capture from the Pisans in 1324 established their headquarters on top of a hill that overlooked the city. The hill was known to them as Bonaira, as it was free of the foul smell prevalent in the old city, adjacent to swampland. During the siege of Cagliari, the Catalans built a sanctuary to the Virgin Mary on top of the hill. In 1335, King Alfonso the Gentle donated the church to the Mercedarians, who built an abbey that stands to this day. In the years after that, a story circulated, claiming that a statue of the Virgin Mary was retrieved from the sea after it miraculously helped to calm a storm in the Mediterranean Sea; the statue was placed in the abbey. Spanish sailors Andalusians, venerated this image and invoked the "Fair Winds" to aid them in their navigation and prevent shipwrecks. A sanctuary to the Virgin of Buen Ayre would be erected in Seville.
In the first foundation of Buenos Aires, Spanish sailors arrived thankfully in the Río de la Plata by the blessings of the "Santa Maria de los Buenos Aires", the "Holy Virgin Mary of the Good Winds", said to have given them the good winds to reach the coast of what is today the modern city of Buenos Aires. Pedro de Mendoza called the city "Holy Mary of the Fair Winds", a name suggested by the chaplain of Mendoza's expedition – a devotee of the Virgin of Buen Ayre – after the Sardinian Madonna de Bonaria. Mendoza's settlement soon came under attack by indigenous people, was abandoned in 1541. For many years, the name was attributed to a Sancho del Campo, said to have exclaimed: How fair are the winds of this land!, as he arrived. But Eduardo Madero, in 1882 after conducting extensive research in Spanish archives concluded that the name was indeed linked with the devotion of the sailors to Our Lady of Buen Ayre. A second settlement was established in 1580 by Juan de Garay, who sailed down the Paraná River from Asunción.
Garay preserved the name chosen by Mendoza, calling the city Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María del Buen Aire. The short form "Buenos Aires" became the common usage during the 17th century; the usual abbreviation for Buenos Aires in Spanish is Bs. As, it is common as well to refer to it as "B. A." or "BA". While "BA" is used more by expats residing in the city, the locals more use the abbreviation "Baires", in one word. Seaman Juan Díaz de Solís, navigating in the name of Spain, was the first European to reach the Río de la Plata in 1516, his expedition was cut short when he was killed during an attack by the native Charrúa tribe in what is now Uruguay. The city of Buenos Aires was first established as Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre after Our Lady of Bonaria on 2 February 1536 by a Spanish expedition led by Pedro de Mendoza; the settlement founded by Mendoza was located in what is today the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, south of the city centre. More attacks by the indigenous
A generalization is the formulation of general concepts from specific instances by abstracting common properties. Generalizations posit the existence of a domain or set of elements, as well as one or more common characteristics shared by those elements; as such, they are the essential basis of all valid deductive inferences. The process of verification is necessary to determine whether a generalization holds true for any given situation. Generalization is the process of identifying the parts of a whole, as belonging to the whole; the parts unrelated may be brought together as a group, belonging to the whole by establishing a common relation between them. It must be stated that, the parts cannot be generalized into a whole until a common relation is established among all the parts, but this does not mean that the parts are unrelated, only that no common relation has been established yet for the generalization. The concept of generalization has broad application in many connected disciplines, sometimes having a specialized context or meaning.
Of any two related concepts, such as A and B, A is a "generalization" of B, B is a special case of A, if and only if every instance of concept B is an instance of concept A. For instance, animal is a generalization of bird because every bird is an animal, there are animals which are not birds.. The connection of generalization to specialization is reflected in the contrasting words hypernym and hyponym. A hypernym as a generic stands for a class or group of ranked items—for example, tree stands for ranked items such as peach and oak, ship stands for ranked items such as cruiser and steamer. In contrast, a hyponym is one of the items included in the generic, such as peach and oak which are included in tree, cruiser and steamer which are included in ship. A hypernym is superordinate to a hyponym, a hyponym is subordinate to a hypernym. An animal is a generalization of a bird, a fish, an amphibian and a reptile. Generalization has a long history in cartography as an art of creating maps for different scale and purpose.
Cartographic generalization is the process of selecting and representing information of a map in a way that adapts to the scale of the display medium of the map. In this way, every map has, to some extent, been generalized to match the criteria of display; this includes small cartographic scale maps. Cartographers must decide and adjust the content within their maps to create a suitable and useful map that conveys geospatial information within their representation of the world. Generalization is meant to be context-specific; that is to say generalized maps are those that emphasize the most important map elements while still representing the world in the most faithful and recognizable way. The level of detail and importance in what is remaining on the map must outweigh the insignificance of items that were generalized, as to preserve the distinguishing characteristics of what makes the map useful and important. A polygon is a generalization of a 3-sided triangle, a 4-sided quadrilateral, so on to n sides.
A hypercube is a generalization of a 2-dimensional square, a 3-dimensional cube, so on to n dimensions. A quadric, such as a hypersphere, paraboloid, or hyperboloid, is a generalization of a conic section to higher dimensions. Categorical imperative Ceteris paribus Class diagram External validity Faulty generalization Generic Generic antecedent Hasty generalization Inheritance, Mutatis mutandis -onym Ramer–Douglas–Peucker algorithm Semantic compression Specialization, the opposite process Inventor's paradox
David Mitchell (author)
David Stephen Mitchell is an English novelist. He has published seven novels, two of which, number9dream and Cloud Atlas, were shortlisted for the Booker Prize. Mitchell was born in Southport in Lancashire and raised in Malvern, Worcestershire, he was educated at Hanley Castle High School and at the University of Kent, where he obtained a degree in English and American Literature followed by an M. A. in Comparative Literature. Mitchell lived in Sicily for a year moved to Hiroshima, where he taught English to technical students for eight years, before returning to England, where he could live on his earnings as a writer and support his pregnant wife. Mitchell's first novel, moves around the globe, from Okinawa to Mongolia to pre-Millennial New York City, as nine narrators tell stories that interlock and intersect; the novel was shortlisted for the Guardian First Book Award. His two subsequent novels, number9dream and Cloud Atlas, were both shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize. In 2003, he was selected as one of Granta's Best of Young British Novelists.
In 2007, Mitchell was listed among Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in The World. In 2012 his novel Cloud Atlas was made into a film. One segment of number9dream was made into a BAFTA nominated short film in 2011 starring Martin Freeman, titled The Voorman Problem. In recent years he has written opera libretti. Wake, based on the 2000 Enschede fireworks disaster and with music by Klaas de Vries, was performed by the Dutch Nationale Reisopera in 2010, he has finished another opera, Sunken Garden, with the Dutch composer Michel van der Aa, which premiered in 2013 by the English National Opera. Several of Mitchell's book covers were created by Sunny. Mitchell has collaborated with the duo, by contributing two short stories to their art exhibits in 2011 and 2014. Mitchell's sixth novel, The Bone Clocks, was published on 2 September 2014. In an interview in The Spectator, Mitchell said that the novel has "dollops of the fantastic in it", is about "stuff between life and death"; the Bone Clocks was longlisted for the 2014 Man Booker Prize.
Mitchell was the second author to contribute to the Future Library project and delivered his book From Me Flows What You Call Time on 28 May 2016. In 2015, Mitchell contributed plotting and scripted scenes for the second season of the Netflix show Sense8. Mitchell had signed a contract to write, he is credited as a writer on the Sense8 series finale special. After another stint in Japan, Mitchell lives with his wife, Keiko Yoshida, their two children in Ardfield, Clonakilty in County Cork, Ireland. In an essay for Random House, Mitchell wrote: "I knew I wanted to be a writer since I was a kid, but until I came to Japan to live in 1994 I was too distracted to do much about it. I would have become a writer wherever I lived, but would I have become the same writer if I'd spent the last six years in London, or Cape Town, or Moose Jaw, on an oil rig or in the circus? This is my answer to myself." Mitchell has the speech disorder of stammering and considers the film The King's Speech to be one of the most accurate portrayals of what it's like to be a stammerer: "I'd still be avoiding the subject today had I not outed myself by writing a semi-autobiographical novel, Black Swan Green, narrated by a stammering 13 year old."
Mitchell is a patron of the British Stammering Association. Mitchell's son has autism, in 2013 he and his wife Keiko Yoshida translated a book written by Naoki Higashida, a 13-year-old Japanese boy with autism, titled The Reason I Jump: One Boy's Voice from the Silence of Autism. In 2017, Mitchell and his wife translated the follow-up book by Higashida, Fall Down 7 Times Get Up 8: A Young Man's Voice from the Silence of Autism. Novels Ghostwritten number9dream Cloud Atlas Black Swan Green The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet The Bone Clocks Slade House From Me Flows What You Call Time Short stories "January Man", Granta 81: Best of Young British Novelists, Spring 2003 "What You Do Not Know You Want", McSweeney's Enchanted Chamber of Astonishing Stories, Vintage Books, 2004 "Acknowledgments", Prospect, 2005 "Preface", The Daily Telegraph, April 2006 "Dénouement", The Guardian, May 2007 "Judith Castle", New York Times, January 2008 "An Inside Job", Included in "Fighting Words", edited by Roddy Doyle, published by Stoney Road Press, 2009 "The Massive Rat", The Guardian, August 2009 "Character Development", The Guardian, September 2009 "Muggins Here", The Guardian, August 2010 "Earth calling Taylor", Financial Times, December 2010 "The Siphoners", Included in "I'm With the Bears: Short Stories from a Damaged Planet", 2011 "The Gardener", in the exhibit "The Flower Show" by Kai and Sunny, 2011 "Lots of Bits of Star", in the exhibit "Caught by the Nest" by Kai and Sunny, 2013 "Variations on a Theme by Mister Donut", Granta 127: Japan, Spring 2014 "The Right Sort", Twitter, 2014 "A Forgettable Story", Cathay Pacific Discovery, July 2017Articles "Japan and my writing", Essay "Enter the Maze", The Guardian, 2004 "Kill me or the cat gets it", The Guardian, 2005 "Let me speak", British Stammering Association, 2006 "On historical fiction", The Telegraph, 2010 "Adventures in Opera", The Guardian, 2010 "Imaginary City", Geist, 2010 "Lost for words", Prospect Magazine, 2011 "Learning to live with my son's autism", The Guardian, 2013 "David Mitchell on Earthsea
Uruguay the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.44 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of 176,000 square kilometres, Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, after Suriname. Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for 4,000 years before the Portuguese established Colonia del Sacramento in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain and Argentina and Brazil, it remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics.
A series of economic crises put an end to a democratic period that had begun in the early 20th century, culminating in a 1973 coup, which established a civic-military dictatorship. The military government persecuted leftists and political opponents, resulting in several deaths and numerous instances of torture by the military. Uruguay is today a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, low perception of corruption, e-government, is first in South America when it comes to press freedom, size of the middle class and prosperity. On a per-capita basis, Uruguay contributes more troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions than any other country, it tops the rank of absence of a unique position within South America. It ranks second in the region on economic freedom, income equality, per-capita income and inflows of FDI. Uruguay is the third-best country on the continent in terms of HDI, GDP growth and infrastructure.
It is regarded as a high-income country by the UN. Uruguay was ranked the third-best in the world in e-Participation in 2014. Uruguay is an important global exporter of combed wool, soybeans, frozen beef and milk. Nearly 95% of Uruguay's electricity comes from renewable energy hydroelectric facilities and wind parks. Uruguay is a founding member of the United Nations, OAS, Mercosur, UNASUR and NAM. Uruguay is regarded as one of the most advanced countries in Latin America, it ranks high on global measures of personal rights and inclusion issues. The Economist named Uruguay "country of the year" in 2013, acknowledging the policy of legalizing the production and consumption of cannabis; the name of the namesake river comes from the Spanish pronunciation of the regional Guarani word for it. There are several interpretations, including "bird-river"; the name could refer to a river snail called uruguá, plentiful in the water. In Spanish colonial times, for some time thereafter and some neighbouring territories were called the Cisplatina and Banda Oriental for a few years the "Eastern Province".
Since its independence, the country has been known as la República Oriental del Uruguay, which means "the eastern republic of the Uruguay ". However, it is translated either as the "Oriental Republic of Uruguay" or the "Eastern Republic of Uruguay"; the documented inhabitants of Uruguay before European colonization of the area were the Charrúa, a small tribe driven south by the Guarani of Paraguay. It is estimated that there were about 9,000 Charrúa and 6,000 Chaná and Guaraní at the time of contact with Europeans in the 1500s. Fructuoso Rivera - Uruguay's first president – organized the Charruas' genocide; the Portuguese were the first Europeans to enter the region of present-day Uruguay in 1512. The Spanish arrived in present-day Uruguay in 1516; the indigenous peoples' fierce resistance to conquest, combined with the absence of gold and silver, limited their settlement in the region during the 16th and 17th centuries. Uruguay became a zone of contention between the Spanish and Portuguese empires.
In 1603, the Spanish began to introduce cattle. The first permanent Spanish settlement was founded in 1624 at Soriano on the Río Negro. In 1669–71, the Portuguese built a fort at Colonia del Sacramento. Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold in the country, its natural harbor soon developed into a commercial area competing with Río de la Plata's capital, Buenos Aires. Uruguay's early 19th century history was shaped by ongoing fights for dominance in the Platine region, between British, Spanish and other colonial forces. In 1806 and 1807, the British army attempted to seize Buenos Aires and Montevideo as part of the Napoleonic Wars. Montevideo was occupied by a British force from February to September 1807. In 1811, José Gervasio Artigas, who became Uruguay's national hero, launched a successful revolt against the Spanish authorities, defeating them on 18 May at the Battle of Las Piedras. In 1813, the new government in Buenos Aires convened a constituent assembly where Artigas emerged as a champ
Christopher Doyle known as Dù Kěfēng or Dou Ho-Fung is an Australian-Hong Kong cinematographer. He has worked on over fifty Chinese-language films, being best known for his collaborations with Wong Kar-Wai in Chungking Express, Happy Together, In the Mood for Love and 2046. Doyle is known for other films such as Temptress Moon, Hero and Psycho, he has won awards at the Cannes Film Festival and Venice Film Festival, as well as AFI Award for cinematography, the Golden Horse awards, Hong Kong Film Award. Doyle was born in Sydney, Australia in 1952, he left his native country on a Norwegian merchant ship at the age of eighteen. While living in other countries, he took on several odd jobs, such as an oil driller in India, a cow herder in Israel, a doctor of Chinese medicine in Thailand. In the late seventies, Doyle took an interest in Chinese culture, received the Chinese name Dù Kěfēng, which translates to “like the wind.” Following his time as a language student in Taiwan, he started working professionally as a photographer.
A couple of years he became a cinematographer, working with director Edward Yang in the 1983 film That Day, on the Beach. Doyle has worked on over fifty Chinese-language films, he is best known for his collaborations with Wong Kar-Wai in Chungking Express, Happy Together, In the Mood for Love and 2046. He has collaborated with other Chinese filmmakers on projects including Temptress Moon and Dumplings, he has made more than twenty films in various other languages, working as director of photography on Gus Van Sant's remake of Psycho, Liberty Heights, Last Life in the Universe, Rabbit-Proof Fence, Paranoid Park, The Limits of Control, amongst others. He wrote and directed Warsaw Dark, Away with Words starring Asano Tadanobu, Hong Kong Trilogy: Preschooled Preoccupied Preposterous, an experimental portrait of three generations of Hong Kong people, he most co-directed The White Girl with Jenny Suen. On May 26, 2017 Doyle was honored during the 70th Cannes Festival with the “Pierre Angénieux ExcelLens in Cinematography” award, in tribute to his successful and influential career.
The ceremony was co-hosted by filmmaker Olivier Assayas, actress Juliette Binoche, director Jenny Suen, among others. Among Doyle's sixty awards and thirty nominations are the Technical Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival for In the Mood for Love, as well as the Osella d’Oro for Best Cinematography for Ashes of Time at the Venice International Film Festival. Away with Words Izolator aka "Warsaw Dark" Hong Kong Trilogy: Preschooled Preoccupied Preposterous The White Girl, co-directed with Jenny Suen Home / Movie Paris, je t'aime – segment "Porte de Choisy" Dumbass on YouTube – musicvideo with lyrics by Ai Weiwei, music by Zuoxiao Zuzhou Angel Talk – Behind the scenes photo book covering Fallen Angels – ISBN 978-4-7952-8069-4 Backlit by the Moon – Japanese photography monograph – ISBN 978-4-947648-39-6 Photographs of Tamaki Ogawa – Japanese photography monograph – ISBN 978-4-947599-45-2 Doyle on Doyle – Japanese photography monograph – ISBN 4-9900557-1-3 Buenos Aires – Behind the scenes photo book covering Happy Together – ISBN 978-4-7952-8066-3 Don't Cry for Me, Argentina – Photographic journal account of filming Happy Together – ISBN 962-8114-24-7 A Cloud in Trousers – Gallery exhibition monograph – ISBN 978-1-889195-33-9 There Is a Crack in Everything – Photography monograph R34g38b25 – Behind the scenes photo book covering Hero – ISBN 978-962-86177-0-8 Talking White - Behind-the-scenes photobook covering The White Girl Cinema of Hong Kong Christopher Doyle Official Site Christopher Doyle on IMDb “The Legend of Drunken Master,” Dennis Lim of The Village Voice interviews Christopher Doyle, 6 August 2004.
‘If you call me, you know what you’re in for,’ The Guardian's Steve Rose interviews Christopher Doyle, 7 January 2005. Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3, interview with Christopher Doyle in three parts by Andreas Pousette, February 2005. ‘His eyes have seen the glory...’ The Guardian's Gaby Wood interviews Christopher Doyle, 17 July 2005. Video: Christopher Doyle talks about Hong Kong for CNN and Nokia’s feature series “The Scene.” Text of CNN interview with Christopher Doyle