Farum station is the terminus of the Hareskovbanen radial of the S-train network around Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located about 1 km east of the old village Farum, but is the center of the modern Farum, the station opened in 1906 as an intermediate station on the Copenhagen-Slangerup railway. The line between Farum and Slangerup closed in 1954, the station was remodeled completely prior to the lines conversion to S-trains in 1977. Media related to Farum Station at Wikimedia Commons
Their combined population stands at 763,908. The Municipality of Copenhagen is the most populous in the country with a population of 602,481 inhabitants, the municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall. The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Frank Jensen, since 2010, the relationship between Copenhagen Municipality and the wider city of Copenhagen is one of an administrative unit within a significantly larger city, cf. the City of London or the City of Brussels. In the Middle Ages, Copenhagen was defined as the area enclosed within the city walls, the city centre lies in the area originally defined by the old ramparts, which are still referred to as the Fortification Ring and kept as a partial green band around it. In 1856 the ramparts were pulled down allowing for growth and expansion, in 1901 the city expanded to include Amager and Valby, while Frederiksberg became an enclave within the municipality. The Finger Plan in the half of the 20th century led to expansion outside of the municipal boundary.
Copenhagen Municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county, the others being Frederiksberg Municipality and Bornholm, on 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of Region Hovedstaden. Copenhagen Municipality is a division covering the central city and certain additional areas. It encloses Frederiksberg Municipality and stretches east to the waterfront, neighboring municipalities are Gentofte and Herlev to the north, Rødovre and Hvidovre to the west, and Tårnby to the south. The City Hall Square is the old centre of the city, from which an old shopping street leads northeast to Kongens Nytorv, christiansborg Palace, which houses the Danish parliament, is located on the islet of Slotsholmen. The municipality is divided into ten administrative and tax districts, the suffix -bro in the names Østerbro, Nørrebro and Amagerbro should not be confused with the Danish word for bridge, which is bro. The term is thought to be an abbreviation or short form of the Danish word brolagt meaning paved, the two figures for 1 February 1901 are before and after the municipality annexed some nearby parishes.
The apparent decline since the mid-1900s are due to the figures not including the suburban and urban areas - notably Frederiksberg - outside Copenhagen municipality, Copenhagen Municipality is distinct from the wider Copenhagen urban area. The seat of Copenhagens municipal council is the Copenhagen City Hall, the council is chaired by the Lord Mayor—currently Frank Jensen—who oversees the civic duties of the fifty-five representatives of the council. The council usually meets every week at 17,30 on a Thursday. All members of the council are elected every four years, in the municipal elections in November 2013, the Social Democrats remained in first place with 27. 8% of the vote, while the Red-Green Alliance was in second place with 19. 5%. The Social Democrats have claimed the office of mayor for the past 110 years and it has six political committees and a finance committee. The annual budget for the city is proposed in August and finalized in October, the accounting firm Deloitte is responsible for auditing the City of Copenhagens accounts
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Politics of Denmark
Denmark is described as a nation state. Danish politics and governance are characterized by a striving for broad consensus on important issues. Executive power is exercised by the cabinet of Denmark, presided over by the Prime Minister who is first among equals, legislative power is vested in both the executive and the national parliament. Members of the judiciary are nominated by the executive, formally appointed by the monarch, Denmark has a multi-party system, with two strong parties, and four or five other significant parties. No single party has held a majority in the Folketing since the beginning of the 20th century. Since only four coalition governments have enjoyed a majority, government bills rarely become law without negotiations. Hence the Folketing tends to be powerful than legislatures in other EU countries. The Constitution does not grant the power of judicial review of legislation. Since there are no constitutional or administrative courts, the Supreme Court deals with a constitutional dimension, on many issues the political parties tend to opt for co-operation, and the Danish state welfare model receives broad parliamentary support.
This ensures a focus on efficiency and devolved responsibilities of local government on regional and municipal levels. Margrethe II has ruled as Queen Regnant and head of state since 14 January 1972, in accordance with the Danish Constitution the Danish monarch, as head of state, is the theoretical source of all executive and legislative power. However, since the introduction of parliamentary sovereignty in 1901, a de facto separation of powers has been in effect, the text of the Danish constitution dates back to 1849. Therefore, it has been interpreted by jurists to suit modern conditions, in a formal sense, the monarch retains the ability to deny giving a bill royal assent. In order for a bill to law, a royal signature. The monarch chooses and dismisses the Prime Minister, although in modern times a dismissal would cause a constitutional crisis, on 28 March 1920, King Christian X was the last monarch to exercise the power of dismissal, sparking the 1920 Easter Crisis. When a new government is to be formed, the monarch calls the party leaders to a conference of deliberation, on the basis of the advice the monarch appoints the party leader who commands a majority of recommendation to lead negotiations for forming a new government.
However, the monarch does continue to exercise three rights, the right to be consulted, the right to advise, and the right to warn, pursuant to these ideals, the Prime Minister and the Cabinet attend the regular meeting of the Council of State. Nine parties are represented in parliament, the four oldest and in history most influential parties are the Conservative Peoples Party, the Social Democrats and the Danish Social Liberal Party
Gribskov Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden. The municipality covers an area of 278 km², and has a population of 40,850. The municipality was created on 1 January 2007 as a merger of municipalities of Græsted-Gilleleje. Its mayor as of 1 January 2014 is Kim Valentin, a member of the agrarian liberal Venstre political party, there is a large concentration of dolmens and tumuli within the municipality. Of special mention is Valby Hegn, a small close to Helsinge and Gribskov
Rudersdal Municipality is a part suburban, part rural municipality located on the northern outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 73 km² and has a population of 56,133, the distance from Copenhagen City Hall Square is approximately 20 km. The western part of the municipality is served by the Hillerød radial of the S-train network while the part is served by the Coast Line. Administratively Rudersdal Municipality belongs to Region Hovedstaden, on 1 January 2007 Rudersdal municipality was created as the result of 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, consisting of the former municipalities of Søllerød and Birkerød. Its mayor as of 2013 is Jens Ive, a member of the Liberal Party political party, Rudersdal Town Hall, completed in 1942, was designed by Arne Jacobsen and Flemming Lassen. Birkerød Municipality was a municipality in Frederiksborg County on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark, the municipality covered an area of 34 square kilometres, and had a total population of 21,930.
As of 2007, it forms a part of Rudersdal Municipality On January 1,2007 Birkerød municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen and it merged with Søllerød Municipality to form the new Rudersdal municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 73 square kilometres, the new municipality belongs to the new Region Hovedstaden. Its last mayor before the reform was Ove C, alminde, a member of the Conservative Peoples Party political party. The main town and the site of its council was the town of Birkerød. Neighboring municipalities were Søllerød to the southeast, Hørsholm to the north, Birkerød and Holte stations are located on the Hillerød radial of the S-train network. Both are served by the A trains and Holte station is served by the E trains. Skodsborg and Vedbæk stations are located on the Coast Lune between Copenhagen and Helsingør, the line is served by the Øresundståg trains. The Nærum Line links Nlrum with Jægersborg station on the S-train network, major roads include Lyngby Kongevej and the Helsingør Motorway.
KulturSlangen is a 14.5 km, signposted geenway which runs from Næsseslottet in Holte in the west to Vedbæk Marina on the Øresund Coast in the east and it was established in 1996 and passes various points of interest. A number of smaller round trils extends from the route, the Vedbæk Circuit was inaugurated on 22 November 2015. Rudersdal Municipality will be served by the under development network of Super Bikeways in metropolitan Copenhagen, bike lanes are already available on Lyngby Kongevej and many other roads]]
Danish Naval Air Squadron
The Danish Navy Air Squadron, was the aerial component of the Danish navy, from 1977 to December 31,2010. Operationally it was directly under command of the Danish Naval Command, the helicopters were used primarily for fishery patrol, shipboard support and coastal Search & Rescue missions. The tasks and hardware have now transferred to the air force as Eskadrille 723. The squadron was originally a flight in the air force eskadrille 722 when the first Alouette III helicopter was received in 1962, in 1977 the flight was made into a unit of its own and became a part of the navy, under the name Søværnets Flyvetjeneste. In 1980-1982 the eight Alouette helicopters were replaced with the new Westland Lynx helicopters, at the same time, all the Danish helicopter units were to move physically from Værløse Air Station and Vandel Air Station to Karup Air Station. International obligations didnt allow for the Danish air force to possess so many helicopters, because of that the Naval Air Service was transformed into the Naval Air Squadron on 1 January 2004.
A Danish navy helicopter foiled an attack off Somali coast,28 August 2010. Order of Battle on 31 December 2010, the day it was disbanded, Vaerlose Vaerlose is located northwest of Copenhagen and it was originally constructed as an army camp in 1910 and rebuild as a military airfield in the 1930s. After WW2 RDAF operations were resumed, principally with transport aircraft and it became the main base of the Naval Air Service in 1962. On 1 April 2004 the airfield was closed as a base, due to military budget cuts. Runway data, Location, N55°463 E012°2036, Elev,58 ft, Rwy 28/10 and it is a dual civil-military airport. It was originally build by the Germans in WW2 as Fliegerhorst Grove, since 2004 it has been the main helicopter base for the Danish Defence. The Westland Super Lynx is in the process of being replaced with a new helicopter, Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization has placed an order for the Sikorsky Seahawk MH60-R Artikel om Søværnets Flyvetjeneste
Farum municipality was a municipality in the northeast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. On January 1,2007 it merged with Værløse municipality to form the new Furesø municipality as a consequence of Denmarks Municipal Reform. The municipality had a population of 18,662, covered an area of 23 km², and was, according to size, the main town and the site of its municipal council was Farum. Other villages were Bregnerød and Stavnsholt, neighboring municipalities were Birkerød to the east, Allerød to the north, Stenløse to the southwest and Værløse to the south. The municipality Søllerød to the southeast was separated from Farum by the lake Furesø, most of Farums border to Værløse was made up by the lake Farum Sø, except for a short isthmus at Fiskebæk. Between the two lakes of Farum Sø and Furesø, along the isthmus, runs a north-south traffic corridor with motorway and this corridor effectively divides the former municipality in two sections, called Farum East and Farum West, which are only connected by bridges across the motorway.
In 1901 Farum had 1,200 inhabitants, in the early 1950s the population was ca. Through the 1960s and 1970s the community turned into a town due to its proximity to Copenhagen. By 1980 the population was over 16,000. in 1952 Farum, although the municipality consisted of only one parish, it was not affected by the municipal reform of 1970. The longtime mayor Peter Brixtofte was involved in a scandal that became the focus of national scrutiny in 2002. He was forced to resign after being implicated in a variety of corruption, Brixtoftes policy of forcing the unemployed to work in return for benefits was first controversial but has since become a nationwide rule. Another way of creating funds was to sell off public services, in June 2006 Brixtofte was sentenced to two years prison. After Brixtoftes economic schemes went bust, Farum had to raise its municipal tax drastically, the neighbouring municipality of Værløse protested against being merged with Farum, as the government had proposed. Other municipalities with greater economic difficulties protested against this, also, a newly closed air force air base was given to Furesø municipality to own and perhaps turn into a recreational area.
Farums last mayor was Lars Carpens who had replaced Brixtofte in 2002, Farum Furesø municipality Farum station Municipal statistics, NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata
Regions of Denmark
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state. The southernmost and smallest of the Nordic countries, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has an area of 42,924 square kilometres. The country consists of a peninsula, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea, Denmark and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. Denmark and Norway remained under the monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814. The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.
In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945, the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy which had begun in 1660. It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy, the government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nations capital, largest city and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs, Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948, in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009. Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs, it retains its own currency, the krone. It is among the members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE.
The etymology of the word Denmark, and especially the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as a kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centred primarily on the prefix Dan and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -mark ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, and the name of the people, from a word meaning land, related to German Tenne threshing floor. The -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth