Fury (2014 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Staring into the distance, a dishevelled soldier stands in front of a tank, with "Fury" written on the gun barrel and other soldiers leaning/sitting on and around it.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by David Ayer
Produced by
Written by David Ayer
Music by Steven Price
Cinematography Roman Vasyanov
Edited by
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date
  • October 15, 2014 (2014-10-15) (Newseum)
  • October 17, 2014 (2014-10-17) (United States)
Running time
134 minutes[1][2]
Country United States[3]
Language English
  • $80 million (gross)[4]
  • $66.5 million (net)[4]
Box office $211.8 million[5]

Fury is a 2014 American war film written and directed by David Ayer, and stars Brad Pitt, Shia LaBeouf, Logan Lerman, Michael Peña, Jon Bernthal and Jason Isaacs. The film portrays US tank crews in Nazi Germany during the final days of World War II. Ayer was influenced by the service of veterans in his family and by reading books, such as Belton Y. Cooper's Death Traps, about American armored units in World War II and the high casualty rates suffered by tank crews in Europe.

Production began in early September 2013 in Hertfordshire, England followed by principal photography on September 30, 2013, in Oxfordshire. Filming continued for a month and a half at different locations, which included the city of Oxford, and concluded on November 13. Fury was released on October 17, 2014, received positive reviews and grossed $211 million worldwide.


It is April 1945, as the Allies make their final push into Nazi Germany, Don "Wardaddy" Collier, a battle-hardened U.S. Army staff sergeant in the Second Armored Division, commands an M4 Sherman "Easy Eight" tank nicknamed Fury and its veteran crew: gunner Boyd "Bible" Swan, loader Grady "Coon-Ass" Travis, driver Trini "Gordo" Garcia and assistant driver/bow gunner "Red". They have been together since the North African campaign. Don has a deep hatred for the infamous German Waffen-SS. Red is killed in action and replaced by Private Norman Ellison, a fresh recruit trained only as a clerk typist.

As they move deeper into Germany, Norman's inexperience becomes dangerous, he spots, but fails to shoot Hitler Youth child soldiers who ambush the commanding officer's tank with a Panzerfaust, killing the entire crew, and later during a skirmish with anti-tank guns he hesitates under fire. Don is angered at his incompetence, and after the battle he orders Norman to execute a captured German soldier for wearing a U.S. Army coat. When Norman refuses, Don wrestles the pistol into his hand and forces him to pull the trigger, killing the prisoner and traumatizing Norman. Don then leads the tanks to capture a small German town, where Norman kills several German soldiers who were burning alive after being struck by white phosphorus. Gordo tells him he should have "let them burn".

While searching an apartment, Don and Norman find a German woman, Irma, and her younger cousin, Emma. Don gives the frightened women eggs and asks for hot water to clean up. Norman starts to play their piano and Emma sings along. Don makes Norman and Emma go into the bedroom and presumably have sex. When Irma tries to intervene, Don stops her, saying that they are young and alive, the four then share a meal, but the rest of the crew barges in and Grady viciously harasses the women, angering Don and Norman. Don rebukes Grady. Then they are called away for an urgent mission, as the men prepare to leave, German artillery targets the town. Norman finds Emma among the dead, which traumatizes him further.

The platoon is ordered to hold a vital crossroads to protect the division's supplies and rear echelon, on the way, they are ambushed by a Tiger tank. Don orders a counterattack, he eventually destroys the Tiger by outmaneuvering it and firing into its thinner rear armor, but the other three Allied tanks and his radio are knocked out. He decides to continue on alone, at the crossroads, the tank is immobilized by a landmine.

Don sends Norman to scout a nearby hill. Eventually he spots a column of Waffen-SS heading their way, the crew prepare to flee, but when Don stays, they decide to stick with him. They disguise Fury to make it appear knocked out and hide inside. While they wait, Norman is finally accepted by the rest of the crew, and is given the nickname, "Machine." They ambush the Germans. In the intense, prolonged fighting, Grady is killed by a Panzerfaust. Gordo drops a primed grenade when he is hit; he sacrifices himself by covering it. Bible is shot dead and a sniper severely wounds Don. Don orders Norman to escape through the emergency hatch in the floor, as the Germans drop grenades into the tank. Norman slips out just before they explode, killing Don. Norman is spotted by a young soldier, who hesitates, then leaves with his comrades without alerting them.

The next morning, Norman crawls back inside the tank, where he covers Don's body with his coat, he hears movement outside. To his relief, American soldiers have arrived. One tells him he is a hero, as Norman is being driven away, he looks back at the many German bodies lying around the battered Fury.




On April 3, 2013, Sony started to assemble the cast for the film when Brad Pitt, who previously starred in 2009's WWII-set Inglourious Basterds, entered final talks to take the lead role of Wardaddy,[6] on April 23, Shia LaBeouf joined the cast.[7] On May 1 it was announced that Logan Lerman had also joined Fury's cast, playing Pitt's crew member Norman Ellison,[8] on May 14, The Hollywood Reporter announced that Michael Peña was in negotiations to play a member of Pitt's tank crew. With his addition to the cast, Fury became one of the few films to show Hispanic-Americans serving in WW2,[9] on May 17, Jon Bernthal joined the cast as Grady Travis, a cunning, vicious and world-wise Arkansas native.[10] On August 26, Scott Eastwood also joined the cast, playing Sergeant Miles,[11] on September 19, Brad William Henke joined as Sergeant Roy Davis, commander of another tank, Lucy Sue. (The third Sherman destroyed by the Tiger).[12] Jason Isaacs was cast on October 7, 2013.[13] Other cast members include Xavier Samuel, Jim Parrack, Eugenia Kuzmina, Kevin Vance, and Branko Tomović.[14]

Tiger 131 – the only operating Tiger I tank in the world – was lent by The Tank Museum for the film. It is the first time a genuine Tiger I tank was used in a contemporary war film since 1950; 131 was restored to running condition between 1990 and 2003, further work was only completed in 2012
The Tank Museum's M4A2 76mm HVSS Sherman in 2009,[15] the tank which portrayed Fury in the film.[16]

Prior to filming, Ayer required the actors to undergo a four-month preparation process, this included a week-long boot camp run by Navy SEALs. Pitt stated, "It was set up to break us down, to keep us cold, to keep us exhausted, to make us miserable, to keep us wet, make us eat cold food. And if our stuff wasn't together we had to pay for it with physical forfeits. We're up at five in the morning, we're doing night watches on the hour."

Ayer also pushed the cast to physically spar each other, leading to many black eyes and bloody noses, they insulted each other with personal attacks as well. On top of that, the actors were forced to live in the tank together for an extended period of time where they ate, slept and defecated.

In regard to his choices, Ayer defended himself, saying, "I am ruthless as a director. I will do whatever I think is necessary to get what I want.”[17]


The film's crews were rehearsing the film scenes in Hertfordshire, England, in September 2013, the crew were also sighted filming in various locations in the North West of England. Brad Pitt was spotted in preparations for Fury driving a tank on September 3 in the English countryside.[18] Principal photography began on September 30, 2013, in the Oxfordshire countryside.[19][20] Pinewood Studios sent warning letters to the villagers of Shirburn, Pyrton and Watlington that there would be sounds of gunfire and explosions during the filming of Fury.[21][22]

On October 15, 2013, a stuntman was accidentally stabbed in the shoulder by a bayonet while rehearsing at the set in Pyrton, he was taken to John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford by an air ambulance. Police confirmed that they were treating it as an accident;[23] in November 2013, the film caused controversy by shooting a scene on Remembrance Day in which extras wore Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS uniforms. Ayer apologized for the incident, and Sony also made an apology.[24] Filming was wrapped-up on November 15, 2013 in Oxfordshire.[25]


On November 19, 2013, composer Steven Price signed on to score the film.[26][27] Varèse Sarabande released the original soundtrack album for the film on October 14, 2014.[28]

Portrayal of history[edit]

The Schachtellaufwerk wheel arrangement on a Tiger I, which is identical to Tiger 131 as used for the movie.

Fury is a fictional film about a tank crew during the final days of the war in Europe. Ayer was influenced by the service of veterans in his family and by reading books such as Belton Y. Cooper's Death Traps about American armored warfare in World War II. Ayer went to considerable lengths to seek authentic uniforms and weapons appropriate to the period of the final months of the war in Europe.[29]

The film was shot in England in large part due to the availability of working World War II-era tanks, the film featured Tiger 131, the last surviving operational Tiger I. The tank belongs to The Tank Museum at Bovington, England,[30] it is the first time since the 1950 film They Were Not Divided that a real Tiger tank, not a prop version, has been used on a film set.[citation needed] Tiger 131 is a very early model Tiger I tank; externally it has some significant differences from later Tiger I models, most noticeably the outermost row of road wheels (of the trio per axle, used in the Schachtellaufwerk overlapping and interleaved arrangement characteristic of the Tiger I) which are also rimmed in rubber, as well as the dustbin shaped cupola.[31] In the last weeks of the war a number of these early model Tigers were used in last ditch defense efforts; one of Germany's last Tigers to be lost at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin was of a similar vintage.[32]

Ten working M4 Sherman tanks were used, the Sherman tank Fury was played by an M4A2 Sherman tank named RON/HARRY (T224875), also lent by The Tank Museum.[33] Ayer's attention to detail also extended to the maps used in the film. A 1943 wartime map of Hannover, Germany, held in McMaster University’s Lloyd Reeds Map Collection was used to demonstrate the types of resources relied on by Allied forces.[34]

Map of Hannover, Germany used in the film.

While the plot of the film is fictional, the depiction of the tank Fury and its commander Wardaddy parallels the experience of several real Allied tankers, such as the American tank commander Staff Sergeant Lafayette G. "War Daddy" Pool who landed just after D-Day and destroyed 258 enemy vehicles before his tank was knocked out in Germany in late 1944,[35] and the small number of Sherman tanks to survive from the landing at D-Day to the end of the war, such as Bomb, a Sherman tank that landed at D-Day and survived into the bitter fighting in Germany at the war's end, the only Canadian Sherman tank to survive the fighting from D-Day to VE Day.[36] The plot also has some similarities to the battle of Crailsheim, fought in Germany in 1945.[citation needed] The last stand of the crew of the disabled Fury appears to be based on an anecdote from Death Traps, where a lone tanker was "in his tank on a road junction" when a "German infantry unit approached, apparently not spotting the tank in the darkness." This unnamed tanker is described to have ricocheted shells into the enemy forces, fired all of his machine gun ammunition, and thrown grenades to kill German soldiers climbing onto the tank. Cooper concluded: "When our infantry arrived the next day, they found the brave young tanker still alive in his tank, the entire surrounding area was littered with German dead and wounded." [37] The battle bears some resemblance to that of Medal of Honor recipient Audie Murphy aboard a burning M10 tank destroyer outside Holtzwihr in Alsace-Lorraine on January 26, 1945.[38] The fighting in the film also bears similarity to the 1943 film Sahara starring Humphrey Bogart in which the crew of an M3 Lee named "Lulu Belle" and a contingent of stranded British soldiers, defend a remote well in Libya against a larger German force of the Afrika Korps,[39] to the demise of most of the Allies.[40]


Sony Pictures had previously set November 14, 2014 as the American release date for Fury.[41] On August 12, 2014, the date was moved up from its original release date of November 14, 2014 to October 17, 2014,[42] the film was released in the United Kingdom on October 22, 2014.

Fury had its world premiere at Newseum in Washington, D.C. on October 15, 2014,[43] followed by a wide release across 3,173 theaters in North America on October 17.[44]

Home media[edit]

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in the United States on January 27, 2015.[45]

Partnership with World of Tanks[edit]

The film additionally had a partnership with the popular online video game World of Tanks, where the main tank from the film, Fury, was available for purchase in-game using real currency for a limited time after the film's release, the tank also served as the centerpiece in themed events in the vein of the film following its release.[46][47][48]

As part of the UK DVD release, the game also hid 300,000 codes inside copies of the film, which gave in-game rewards and bonuses.[49]

Internet leak[edit]

The film was leaked onto peer-to-peer file-sharing websites as part of the Sony Pictures Entertainment hack by the hacker group "Guardians of Peace" on November 27, 2014.[50] Along with it came four unreleased Sony Pictures films (Annie, Mr. Turner, Still Alice, and To Write Love on Her Arms).[50] Within three days of the initial leak, Fury had been downloaded an estimated 1.2 million times.[50]


Box office[edit]

Fury was a box office success. The film grossed $85.8 million in North America and $126 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $211.8 million, against a budget of $68 million.[5]

North America

Fury was released on October 17, 2014, in North America across 3,173 theaters.[51] It earned $1.2 million from Thursday late night showings from 2,489 theaters.[52][53] On its opening day, the film grossed $8.8 million.[54][55][56] The film topped the box office on its opening weekend earning $23,500,000 at an average of $7,406 per theater,[57][58] the film's opening weekend gross is David Ayer's biggest hit of his (now five-film) directorial career, surpassing the $13.1 million debut of End of Watch and his third-biggest opening as a writer behind The Fast and the Furious ($40 million) and S.W.A.T. ($37 million).[59] In its second weekend the film earned $13 million (-45%).[60]

Other territories

Fury was released a week following its North American debut and earned $11.2 million from 1,975 screens in 15 markets. The film went number one in Australia ($2.2 million) and number five in France ($2.1 million).[61][62] In UK, the film topped the box office in its opening weekend with £2.69 million ($4.2 million) knocking off Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles which earned £1.92 million ($3.1 million) from the top spot.[63][64] In its second weekend the film added $14.6 million in 44 markets, bringing the overseas cumulative audience [cume] to $37.8 million. It went number one in Finland ($410,000) and in Ukraine ($160,000).[65]

Critical response[edit]

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 77% based on 230 reviews, with an average rating of 6.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Overall, Fury is a well-acted, suitably raw depiction of the horrors of war that offers visceral battle scenes but doesn't quite live up to its larger ambitions."[66] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 64 out of 100, based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[67] Audiences surveyed by Cinemascore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale, the opening weekend audience was 60% male, with 51 percent over the age of 35.[68]

The Boston Globe's Ty Burr gave 2.5 out of 4 stars and talked about Pitt's character Sergeant Don "Wardaddy" Collier, commenting on Wardaddy's portrayal as "the battle-scarred leader of a tank crew pushing through Germany toward Berlin, Brad Pitt creates a warrior who is terse, sometimes noble, more often brutal." Another critic, Burr, explained that Ayer portrayed in the character of Wardaddy "a figure both monstrous and upstanding. In one scene, he shoots a captured enemy officer in the back. A few scenes later, he's protecting two German women from being assaulted by his own men." Burr further stated that, "Fury gives us terrible glimpses: tank treads rolling over a body pancaked into the mud, an elderly woman cutting meat off a dead horse, a woman in a wedding dress among a crowd of refugees. Fury wants to lead us to a fresh consideration of 'the good war' while simultaneously celebrating the old bromides and clichés. No wonder it shoots itself in the tank."[69]

Newsday's Rafer Guzman admired director Ayer, who "does a good job of putting us inside the tank Fury"; with "all the extra blood and brutality, this is still a macho and romanticized war movie", and he singled out Pitt, who he said "serves honorably in the John Wayne role".[70] Deadline Hollywood's Pete Hammond praised Lerman's performance saying, "It is a great performance, very Oscar-worthy in part of Logan Lerman. Those scenes between Brad Pitt and Logan Lerman trying to teach him the trips of war and how to man up is remarkable."[71]

It never scales the cinematic heights or reaches the same groundbreaking level as Saving Private Ryan, but it's intensely ferocious and relentlessly rough on the senses. You'll know you've been to war, and not on the Hollywood front.
Rex Reed — New York Observer[72]

Film critic Christopher Orr of The Atlantic magazine said that the film "is too technically refined to be a truly bad movie, but too narratively and thematically stunted to be a good one; in a sense, it succeeds too well in conjuring its own subject matter: heavy, mechanical, claustrophobic, and unrelenting."[73] The Philadelphia Inquirer's Steven Rea gave the film 3 out of 4 stars and praised, "Fury presents an unrelentingly violent, visceral depiction of war, which is perhaps as it should be. Bayonets in the eye, bullets in the back, limbs blown apart, corpses of humans and horses splayed across muddy, incinerated terrain. Ayer brought a similar you-are-there intensity to his 2012 cops-on-patrol drama, End of Watch (also with Peña)." But on the opposite side of Rea's admiration, he thinks, "It wouldn't be right to call Fury entertaining, and in its narrow focus (as narrow as the view from the tank's periscope), the film doesn't offer a broader take on the horrors of war - other than to put those horrors right in front of us, in plain view."[74] Chris Vognar wrote the review for The Dallas Morning News giving the film "B+" grade, in which he writes about "War" which he thinks is, "hell," and also "relentless, unsparing, unsentimental and violent to the mind, body and soul. Fury conveys these truths with brute force and lean, precise drama."[75] Kenneth Turan for the Los Angeles Times praised the film highly, writing: The "Best job I ever had" sentence "is one of the catchphrases the men in this killing machine use with each other, and the ghastly thing is they half believe it's true."[76]

Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter simply said, "Fury is a good, solid World War II movie, nothing more and nothing less. Rugged, macho, violent and with a story sufficiently unusual to grab and hold interest, it's a modern version of the sort of movie Hollywood turned out practically every week back in the 1940s and 1950s."[77] Peter Debruge wrote for the magazine Variety in which he praised Pitt, "Brad Pitt plays a watered-down version of his 'Inglourious Basterds' character in this disappointingly bland look at a World War II tank crew."[78] The Wrap's James Rocchi gave 4 out 5 ratings and expressed a warm approval of the film which is "unflinching, unsentimental and never unconsidered, "Fury's rumbling, metal-clad exterior has real humanity, fragile and frightened, captured and caged deep within it."[79] Randy Myers of the San Jose Mercury News rated the film 3 out of 4 and talked about LaBeouf "who's most impressive, inhabiting the soul of a scripture-quoting soldier who seeks guidance from the Word in hopes of remaining on a moral path. While much has been made about the reportedly extreme lengths he took to prep for the role, the fact remains it is one of his best performances."[80] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave a 4 out of 4 rating and wrote completely in the favor of the film: "A great movie lets you know you're in safe hands from the beginning."[81] James Berardinelli also gave the film a positive review saying: "This is a memorable motion picture, accurately depicting the horrors of war without reveling in the depravity of man (like Platoon). Equally, it shows instances of humanity without resorting to the rah-rah, sanitized perspective that infiltrated many war films of the 1950s and 1960s. It's as good a World War II film as I've seen in recent years, and contains perhaps the most draining battlefield sequences since Saving Private Ryan.[82]

The New York Times' critic A. O. Scott praised the film and Pitt's character, "Within this gore-spattered, superficially nihilistic carapace is an old-fashioned platoon picture, a sensitive and superbly acted tale of male bonding under duress."[83] Rex Reed of The New York Observer said, "The actors are all good, Mr. Pitt moves even closer to iconic stardom, and young Mr. Lerman steals the picture as the camera lens through whose eyes and veins we share every dehumanizing experience. Purists may squabble, but if you're a history buff or a pushover for the sight of a man engulfed in flames who shoots himself through the head before he burns to death, you'll go away from Fury sated."[72] The Arizona Republic's critic Bill Goodykoontz said, "In terms of story, structure and look (with the exception of the gore), this movie could have been made at any time in the past 70 years."[84] To Goodykoontz review, Claudia Puig of USA Today gave the reply, "Given how many World War II films have emerged in the last 70 years, it requires a thoroughly fresh angle to make one seem distinctive." Puig also said, "Flesh-and-blood soldiers play second fiddle to the authentic-looking artillery in Fury, rendering the film tough and harrowing, but less emotionally compelling than it could have been."[85] The A.V. Club's Ignatiy Vishnevetsky gave the film a "C+" grade and said, "It's all very Peckinpah-or at least it could be, if Ayer had any sense of poetry."[86] The Chicago Tribune's Michael Phillips wrote a negative review, saying "At its weakest, Fury contributes a frustrating percentage of tin to go with the iron and steel."[87]

Rene Rodriguez of The Miami Herald gave the film 2 out of 4 stars said, "War is hell. That's entertainment, folks."[88] Amy Nicholson of LA Weekly said, "This is an ugly part of an ugly war, and Ayer wallows in it. Instead of flags and patriotism, Fury is about filth: the basins of blood, the smears on the soldiers' exhausted faces, the bodies pushed around by bulldozers, a decomposing corpse that's melted into the mud."[89] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave 3 out of 4 stars and said, "Written and directed with exacting skill and aching heart by David Ayer, Fury captures the buried feelings of men in combat with piercing immediacy."[90] The New York Post's Kyle Smith said that he "couldn't help suspecting that there's a pornographic leer to it all, a savage glee."[91] Tom Long wrote for The Detroit News and gave the film negative reviews, "Fury is a brutal film that too easily celebrates rage and bloodshed to no clear end beyond ugly spectacle."[92] The Globe and Mail wrote: "Fury...is a war movie with balls of steel and marbles for brains."[93] Chris Klimek of NPR praised the film and actors, "Fury is a big step up in sophistication. Where it elevates itself from being merely a believably grimy, well-acted war drama is in its long and surprising middle act."[94] New York magazine's David Edelstein admired the film in his own words, "Though much of Fury crumbles in the mind, the power of its best moments lingers: the writhing of Ellison as he's forced to kill; the frightening vibe of the scene with German women; the meanness on some soldiers' faces and soul-sickness on others'."[95]


List of awards and nominations
Award / Film Festival Category Recipients Result
Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Action Movie Nominated
Best Actor in an Action Movie Brad Pitt Nominated
Hollywood Film Awards Hollywood Editing Award Jay Cassidy and Dody Dorn Won
Hollywood Music in Media Awards Original Score - Feature Film Steven Price Nominated
Motion Picture Sound Editors Feature English Language - Effects/ Foley Nominated
National Board of Review Top Ten Films Won
Best Cast Won
People's Choice Awards Favorite Movie Actor Brad Pitt Nominated
Favorite Movie Dramatic Actor Nominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Best Actor in a Supporting Role Logan Lerman Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Outstanding Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Motion Picture Nominated
Satellite Awards Best Art Direction & Production Design Andrew Mendez, Peter Russell Nominated
Best Editing Dody Dorn, Jay Cassidy Nominated
Best Original Score Steven Price Nominated
Santa Barbara International Film Festival Virtuosos Award Logan Lerman Won
Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie: Drama Nominated
Choice Movie Actor: Drama Logan Lerman Nominated


  1. ^ "FURY (15)". British Board of Film Classification. October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "AMC Theatres: Fury". AMC Theatres. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Fury (2014)". British Film Institute. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b FilmL.A. (June 15, 2016). "2014 Feature Film Study" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Fury (2014)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Brad Pitt in Talks to Star in World War II Tank Movie 'Fury'". hollywoodreporter.com. April 3, 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Kroll, Justin (April 23, 2013). "Shia LaBeouf in Talks to Join Brad Pitt in WWII Thriller 'Fury'". variety.com. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Anderton, Ethan (May 1, 2013). "Logan Lerman Joins Brad Pitt & Shia LaBeouf in David Ayer's 'Fury'". firstshowing.net. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Kit, Borys (14 May 2013). "Michael Pena in Talks to Join Brad Pitt in 'Fury'". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Sneider, Jeff (17 May 2013). "'Walking Dead' Alum Jon Bernthal in Negotiations to Join Brad Pitt in David Ayer's 'Fury'". thewrap.com. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (26 August 2013). "Scott Eastwood Joins David Ayer's WWII Pic 'Fury'". deadline.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Brad William Henke Joins 'Fury'". deadline.com. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Kit, Borys (7 October 2013). "Jason Isaacs Joins Brad Pitt in David Ayer's 'Fury'". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Branko Tomovic Chosen As Rising Star By Icon Magazine". inserbia.info. 5 October 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  15. ^ The Tank Museum's Tiger 131 is set to become a film-star in new war epic starring Brad Pitt, Tank Museum, 18 Nov 2013, retrieved 18 Aug 2014 
  16. ^ Joanna Crawley (4 Sep 2013), Boys and their toys: Brad Pitt rides shotgun in a tank through the peaceful English countryside, London: Daily Mail, retrieved 18 Aug 2014 
  17. ^ Fitzherbert, Henry (October 12, 2014). "Brad Pitt on new war movie Fury: 'It was set up to break us down, to make us miserable'". Express. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Brad Pitt learns to drive a tank in the quiet English countryside for his new film Fury". express.co.uk. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Brad Pitt films scenes in the British countryside for new war movie Fury". express.co.uk. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  20. ^ "Brad Pitt turns British village into warzone for new film Fury". uk.movies.yahoo.com. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  21. ^ "Brad Pitt Fury gunfire warning for Oxfordshire villagers". bbc.co.uk. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  22. ^ "Brad Pitt action film asks villagers to ignore gunfire and explosions". theguardian.com. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "Brad Pitt Fury film: Stuntman stabbed with bayonet on set". bbc.co.uk. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  24. ^ "Brad Pitt director sorry for Nazi Remembrance Day shoot". bbc.co.uk. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Brad Pitt thanks sleepy Oxfordshire village for letting him film war movie Fury there... by paying them £1MILLION". London: dailymail.co.uk. December 3, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Steven Price to Score David Ayer's 'Fury'". filmmusicreporter.com. November 19, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  27. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (19 November 2013). "Brad Pitt WWII Tank Film Rolls Toward November 12 Date With 'Gravity' Composer Steven Price Scoring". deadline.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Varese Sarabande to Release Steven Price's 'Fury' Score". filmmusicreporter.com. August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  29. ^ "‘Fury,’ Starring Brad Pitt, a Raw Look at Warfare". The New York Times. August 3, 2014. 
  30. ^ "'Last' WW2 Tiger 131 tank to be used in Brad Pitt film". bbc.co.uk. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  31. ^ Jentz, Tom; Doyle, Hillary (1993). Tiger 1 Heavy Tank 1942-45. illustrated by Sarson, Peter. Osprey. ISBN 978-1-85532-337-7. 
  32. ^ "The Last Tiger". Armchair General. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  33. ^ Bell, Chris (2014-10-18). "Fury: all you need to know about life in a tank". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  34. ^ Ruf, Cory (November 23, 2014). "How a McMaster University map got into Brad Pitt's new film 'Fury'". CBC. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  35. ^ Dean and Nan Kleffman "The Forgotten Tank Ace: Staff Sergeant Latayette G. Pool, an American to Remember", Journal of Military Ordnance (March, 1998)[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "The Bomb's legacy lives on in Sherbrooke", Quebec AM, CBC Radio, Oct. 20, 2014
  37. ^ Ambrose, Belton Y. Cooper ; foreword by Stephen E. (2003). Death traps : the survival of an American armored division in World War II (1st mass market ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 162–163. ISBN 0-89141-814-8. 
  38. ^ "Audie Murphy Medal of Honor Citation". 
  39. ^ "History of Rommel's Africa Korps". 
  40. ^ ""Turner Classic Movies overview of Sahara 1943"". 
  41. ^ "Brad Pitt WWII Thriller 'Fury' to Hit Theaters November 2014". hollywoodreporter.com. April 10, 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  42. ^ "Sony Delays Adam Sandler's 'Pixels', Moves Up Brad Pitt's 'Fury'". deadline.com. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  43. ^ "Brad Pitt to Toast Veterans at 'Fury' Washington Premiere". The Hollywood Reporter. October 15, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Forecast: 'Fury' to Invade Top Spot This Weekend". 
  45. ^ "Fury Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  46. ^ "World of Tanks video game teams with Brad Pitt film "Fury"", Online news article reporting on the partnership, Retrieved November 15th, 2014
  47. ^ "Sony Pictures’ “FURY” Coming to World of Tanks", Another online news article reporting on the partnership, Retrieved November 15th, 2014
  48. ^ "Fury Enters World of Tanks" World of Tanks official website's news post on the matter, describing partnership and special in-game events, Retrieved November 15th, 2014
  49. ^ " SPREAD THE WORD CONTEST - FURY IN UK STORES" World of Tanks Blitz official website's news post on the matter, describing partnership and special in-game events, Retrieved February 23rd, 2015
  50. ^ a b c Wallenstein, Andrew; Lang, Brent (November 30, 2014). "Sony's New Movies Leak Online Following Hack Attack". Variety. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  51. ^ Ray Subers (October 16, 2014). "Forecast: 'Fury' to Invade Top Spot This Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  52. ^ Anita Busch (October 17, 2014). "'Fury' Box Office Opens To Strong $1.2M; 'Book Of Life' To $300K – Late Nights; Friday Matinees Tumble In". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  53. ^ Brent Lang (October 17, 2014). "Box Office: Brad Pitt's 'Fury' Rolls with $1.2 Million Thursday Night". Variety. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  54. ^ Anita Busch (October 18, 2014). "Box Office Weekend: 'Fury' Wins War; 'Book Of Life' Lives; 'Gone Girl' Struts Over $100M; 'Best Of Me' Soft". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  55. ^ Scott Mendelson (October 18, 2014). "Box Office: Brad Pitt's 'Fury' Shells $8.8M Friday". Forbes. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  56. ^ Pamela McClintock (October 18, 2014). "Box Office: Brad Pitt's 'Fury' Guns Down $8.8M Friday; 'Birdman' Soars". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  57. ^ Brent Lang (October 19, 2014). "Box Office: Brad Pitt's 'Fury' Edges Out 'Book of Life,' 'Gone Girl'". Variety. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  58. ^ Anita Busch (October 19, 2014). "Box Office Weekend: 'Fury' Wins War With $23M+; 'Book Of Life,' $16.6M to $17M; 'Gone Girl' $100M; 'Best Of Me' $10M+". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  59. ^ Scott Mendelson (October 19, 2014). "Weekend Box Office: Brad Pitt's 'Fury' Tops With $23.5M, 'Birdman' Nabs $415K". Forbes. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  60. ^ Anita Busch (October 26, 2014). "'Ouija' Says Yes To No. 1, 'John Wick' No. 2 With A Bullet, 'St. Vincent,' Superb Exit Polls – B.O. Weekend". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  61. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (October 26, 2014). "Int'l Box Office: 'Annabelle' Still A Doll With $26.5M Frame; 'Fury' Wages $11.2M; 'Lucy' Outmuscles 'Hercules' In China; 'Guardians' Warps To #3 On 2014 Global Hit List; More". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  62. ^ Pamela McClintock (October 27, 2014). "Global Box Office: 'Annabelle' Crosses $200M; Brad Pitt's 'Fury' No. 1 in U.K.". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  63. ^ Alex Ritman (October 29, 2014). "U.K. Box Office: 'Fury' Beats 'Turtles' to Top, 'Serena' Tanks". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 31, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Brad Pitt's Fury tops UK box office". BBC. October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014. 
  65. ^ Nancy Tartaglione (November 2, 2014). "'Turtles', 'Maze Runner' Top Int'l Box Office; 'Guardians' Is 2014's #2 Pic: Update". Deadline.com. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  66. ^ "Fury". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  67. ^ "Fury Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  68. ^ http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/box-office-brad-pitts-fury-741931
  69. ^ Burr, Ty (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' takes on WWII, with Brad Pitt in command". bostonglobe.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  70. ^ Guzman, Rafer (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' review: Bloody, brutal and entertaining". newsday.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  71. ^ Hammond, Pete (October 14, 2014). "'Fury' Review: Brad Pitt's World War II Film of Tank Soldiers". deadline.com. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  72. ^ a b Reed, Rex (October 15, 2014). "David Ayer's World War II Chronicle, 'Fury,' Is a Violent Mortar Round of a Movie". observer.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  73. ^ Orr, Christopher (October 17, 2014). "Fury: Grim and Grimmer". theatlantic.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  74. ^ Rea, Steven (October 17, 2014). "'Fury': Intense depiction of war through soldiers' eyes". philly.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  75. ^ Vognar, Chris (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' is a brutal and unflinching portrait of war (B+)". dallasnews.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  76. ^ Turan, Kenneth (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' treads on war movie expectations as Brad Pitt & Co. kill Nazis". latimes.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  77. ^ McCarthy, Todd (October 10, 2014). "'Fury': Film Review". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  78. ^ Debruge, Peter (October 10, 2014). "Film Review: 'Fury'". variety.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  79. ^ Rocchi, James (October 10, 2014). "'Fury' Review: Brad Pitt, Shia LaBeouf Wage Tank Warfare With Savage Grace". thewrap.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  80. ^ Myers, Randy (October 15, 2014). "Review: 'Fury' a brutal, visceral war story". mercurynews.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  81. ^ LaSalle, Mick (October 17, 2014). "'Fury' review: Brad Pitt in command of World War II epic". sfgate.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  82. ^ Berardinelli, James (October 18, 2014). "'Fury' review: This is a memorable motion picture, the best World War II film in recent years". reelviews.net. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  83. ^ Scott, A.O. (October 16, 2014). "They're Buddies, but as Coarse as the War Around Them". nytimes.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  84. ^ Goodykoontz, Bill (October 15, 2014). "Review: 'Fury' a resolutely traditional war film". azcentral.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  85. ^ Puig, Claudia (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' aims for fresh insights into WWII". usatoday.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  86. ^ Vishnevetsky, Ignatiy (October 16, 2014). "David Ayer's gory Fury delivers cheap shocks". avclub.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  87. ^ Phillips, Michael (October 16, 2014). "Review: 'Fury'". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  88. ^ Rodriguez, Rene (October 16, 2014). "'Fury' (R)". miami.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  89. ^ Nicholson, Amy (October 16, 2014). "Brad Pitt Leads Fury, Your All-Too-Typical "War Is Hell" Movie". laweekly.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  90. ^ Travers, Peter (October 16, 2014). "Fury - Review". rollingstone.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  91. ^ Smith, Kyle (October 16, 2014). "Brad Pitt should be court-martialed for war-porn 'Fury'". nypost.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  92. ^ Long, Tom (October 17, 2014). "Brad Pitt gets bloody in grisly 'Fury'". detroitnews.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  93. ^ Pevere, Geoff (October 17, 2014). "Fury: A war movie with steel-plated thinking and marbles for brains". Toronto: theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  94. ^ Klimek, Chris (October 17, 2014). "The Brutalities Of War Bring Surprising Angles To 'Fury'". npr.org. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  95. ^ Edelstein, David (October 17, 2014). "David Ayer Represents the Best and Worst of American Filmmaking With His WWII–Set Fury". vulture.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]