Boo Cook is a British comic artist, whose work mainly features in the comic 2000 AD. Cooks art has appeared in the ABC Warriors and Judge Dredd, as Asylum, in 2005, Cook graduated to regular work on the flagship story on 2000 AD, Judge Dredd, mostly to scripts by Gordon Rennie and Simon Spurrier. With Spurrier he developed new comedy character Harry Kipling, Boo Cook started and contributed to the 2000AD Online Charity Auction. In 2014, he working on Doctor Who titles for Titan Magazines. Thargs Future Shocks, Home from the War Earth Works Sex Machine Skin Game Goldie Locke & the Three B. E. A. R, more Ways to Explode, an interview with Boo Cook
Japan is a sovereign island nation in Eastern Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asia Mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea, the kanji that make up Japans name mean sun origin. 日 can be read as ni and means sun while 本 can be read as hon, or pon, Japan is often referred to by the famous epithet Land of the Rising Sun in reference to its Japanese name. Japan is an archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, the country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions. Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one, the population of 127 million is the worlds tenth largest. Japanese people make up 98. 5% of Japans total population, approximately 9.1 million people live in the city of Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, from the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a period of isolation in the early 17th century. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan is a member of the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the country has the worlds third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the worlds fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is the worlds fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer, although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the worlds eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a country with a very high standard of living. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, in ancient China, Japan was called Wo 倭.
It was mentioned in the third century Chinese historical text Records of the Three Kingdoms in the section for the Wei kingdom, Wa became disliked because it has the connotation of the character 矮, meaning dwarf. The 倭 kanji has been replaced with the homophone Wa, meaning harmony, the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, which is pronounced Nippon or Nihon and literally means the origin of the sun. The earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, at the start of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan introduced their country as Nihon
A comic book or comicbook, called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan and 1830s Europe, comic books were first popularized in the United States during the 1930s. Comic books are reliant on their organization and appearance, authors largely focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions. These characteristic aspects of books are necessary in conveying the content. The key elements of comic books include panels, text, balloons are usually convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element. The tail has an origin, path and pointed direction, there are many technological formulas used to create comic books, including directions, axes and metrics. Following these key formatting procedures is the writing, Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr.
Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shusters Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry, the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. Historians generally divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras, the Golden Age of Comic Books began with the introduction of Superman in 1938, spurring a period of high sales. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form. The demarcation between the Silver Age and the era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day, in response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year and it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA.
In the early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture. Underground comics were almost never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, frank Stacks The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic. The rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for independent or alternative comics in the U. S, some independent comics continued in the tradition of underground comics. A few represented experimental attempts to bring closer to the status of fine art
The series was created by writer John Wagner and artist Carlos Ezquerra for Starlord, a short-lived weekly science fiction comic, in 1978. When Starlord was cancelled the series transferred to 2000 AD, in 1980 Wagner was joined by co-writer Alan Grant, although scripts were normally credited to Grant alone. Grant wrote the solo from 1988 to 1990. The premise of the series is that the Great Nuclear War of 2150 wiped out 70% of Britains population, the mutants faced a high degree of racism, similar to that faced by the Jewish population of Nazi Germany. Laws were passed forbidding mutants from owning businesses and segregating them into such as a giant mutant settlement at Milton Keynes. Following the end of storyline, in 2180, one of the few jobs left for mutants is that of bounty hunter. The strongest of mutants hunt down criminals throughout the galaxy for the Search/Destroy agency, the SD agents operate from an orbiting space station known as The Doghouse. Often this leads to humour and character names being puns, as Spider-Dan in the Young Middenface spin-off and skull-faced Welsh mutant Dai the Death in Strontium Dog, even by the standards of 2000 AD, Strontium Dog plotlines can be bizarre.
In one story Alpha travels to a dimension that passes for Hell. In another he is sent by time machine to 1945 to arrest Adolf Hitler, there is a bleak, minimalistic edge to the series at times reminiscent of spaghetti westerns. Earth was not often seen in the strip, when it was, the focus was often New Britain – Great Britain after a devastating nuclear war. The flying building of Upminster contains both the parliament and the monarchy, in the sequel series Strontium Dogs, it was stated that Britain had a large empire of outer-space colonies. The mutants of New Britain live in ghettos, isolated from the human population, crossroads, in prog 898, revealed that Earth was in a severe political mess, with twenty six minor wars, and the rest of the galaxy was cutting ties. The strip The Life and Death of Johnny Alpha ignored all of this, antarctica was the setting of part of Outlaw, shown to have been turned into a tropical area with marshes and rainforests by the Rad Wars. The centre was Antarctic City, with military and police matters handled by the Antarctic Militia, the Strontium Dogs storyline focuses on John Alpha, whose mutated eyes allow him to see through walls and read minds.
He is responsible for such achievements as destroying the Wolrog homeworld, leading the mutant uprising on Earth. His legendary career and his assistance to mutants in trouble - such as donating a sum of money to the Milton Keynes ghetto in Muties Luck - has made him an icon to Earths mutants. He is a skilled and dangerous fighter
Alan Grant (writer)
Alan Grant is a Scottish comic book writer known for writing Judge Dredd in 2000 AD as well as various Batman titles during the late 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s. He is the creator of the characters Anarky, Victor Zsasz, Alan Grant first entered the comics industry in 1967 when he became an editor for D. C. Thomson before moving to London from Dundee in 1970 to work for IPC on various romance magazines. After going back to college and having a series of jobs, Grant found himself back in Dundee and living on Social Security. He met John Wagner, another former D. C. Thompson editor, who was helping put together a new science fiction comic for IPC,2000 AD, and was unable to complete his other work. Wagner asked Grant if he could help him write the Tarzan comic he was working on, Wagner asked Grant to write a strip for Starlord, a 2000 AD spin off, which eventually got Grant noticed within IPC. On a trip to London, Grant was introduced to Kelvin Gosnell, editor of 2000 AD, One of Grants first jobs was to oversee the merger of 2000 AD and Tornado, an unsuccessful boys adventure comic.
Grant featured as a character in the comic in the form of ALN-1, Grant found himself in conflict with IPC and resigned to become a freelance writer, writing the occasional issue of Future Shock and Blackhawk. Grant formed his partnership with Wagner after the pair lived and worked together and they would work on other popular strips for the comic, including Robo-Hunter and Strontium Dog using the pseudonym T. B. Grover. Grant worked on other stories and adding dialogue, most notably Harry Twenty on the High Rock. Judge Dredd would be Grants main concern for much of the 1980s, Grant and Wagner had developed the strip into the most popular in 2000 AD as well as creating lengthy epic storylines such as The Apocalypse War. Grant wrote for other IPC comics such as the revamped Eagle, by the late 1980s, Grant and Wagner were about to move into the American comic market. Their first title was a 12-issue miniseries called Outcasts for DC Comics, although it wasnt a success, it paved the way for the pair to write Batman stories in Detective Comics from issue 583, largely with Norm Breyfogle on art duties across the various Batman titles.
Grant and Wagner introduced the Ventriloquist in their first Batman story, after a dozen issues, Wagner left Grant as sole writer. Grant was one of the main Batman writers until the late 1990s, the pair created a four issue series for Epic Comics called The Last American. This series, as well as the Chopper storyline in Judge Dredd, is blamed for the breakup of the Wagner/Grant partnership, the pair split strips, with Wagner keeping Judge Dredd and Grant keeping Strontium Dog and Judge Anderson. Grant and Wagner continue to work together on projects such as the Batman/Judge Dredd crossover Judgement on Gotham. During the late 1980s, Grant experienced a transformation and declared himself an anarchist. The creation of the supervillain Anarky was initially intended as a vehicle for exploring his political opinions through the comic medium, in the following years, he would continue to utilize the character in a similar fashion as his philosophy evolved
Harry Harrison (writer)
Harry Max Harrison was an American science fiction author, known for his character the Stainless Steel Rat and for his novel Make Room. The latter was the basis for the motion picture Soylent Green. Harrison was the co-president of the Birmingham Science Fiction Group, Aldiss called him a constant peer and great family friend. His friend Michael Carroll said, Imagine Pirates of the Caribbean or Raiders of the Lost Ark, theyre rip-roaring adventures, but theyre stories with a lot of heart. Novelist Christopher Priest wrote in an obituary, Harrison was a popular figure in the SF world, renowned for being amiable, outspoken. Before becoming an editor and writer, Harrison started in the science fiction field as an illustrator, in these and other comic book stories, he most often worked with Wally Wood. Wood usually inked over Harrisons layouts, and the two freelanced for several publishers and genres, including westerns and horror comics and he and Wood split up their partnership in 1950 and went their separate ways.
Harrison used house pen names such as Wade Kaempfert and Philip St. John to edit magazines and published fiction under the pen names Felix Boyd. Harrison ghostwrote Vendetta for the Saint, one of the series of novels featuring Leslie Charteris character. Harrison wrote for syndicated comic strips, writing stories for the character Rick Random. His first short story, Rock Diver, was published in the February 1951 issue of Worlds Beyond, edited by Damon Knight, the magazine had previously published his illustrations. In the early 1950s, the Hydra Club included writers such as Alfred Bester, James Blish, Anthony Boucher, Avram Davidson, Judith Merril, Priest wrote, His most popular and best-known work is contained in fast-moving parodies, homages or even straight reconstructions of traditional space-opera adventures. He wrote several named series of these, notably the Deathworld series, the Stainless Steel Rat books, and the sequence of books about Bill, the Galactic Hero. Adi Robertson agreed, His books toed the line between science fiction adventure and satire, often with a strong anti-military bent informed by his time in the US Army Air Corps.
During the 1950s and 1960s, he was the writer of the Flash Gordon newspaper strip. One of his Flash Gordon scripts was serialized in Comics Revue magazine, Harrison drew sketches to help the artist be more scientifically accurate, which the artist largely ignored. Not all of Harrisons writing was comic, though and he wrote many stories on serious themes, of which by far the best known is the novel about overpopulation and consumption of the worlds resources, Make Room. Which was used as a basis for the 1973 science fiction film Soylent Green, for a time Harrison was closely associated with Brian Aldiss
In 1954–55, censorship pressures prompted it to concentrate on the humor magazine Mad, leading to the companys greatest and most enduring success. Initially, EC was privately owned by Maxwell Gaines and specialized in educational, during its period of notoriety, it was owned by his son, William Gaines. The firm, first known as Educational Comics, was founded by Max Gaines, when Max Gaines died in 1947 in a boating accident, his son William inherited the comics company. After four years in the Army Air Corps, Gaines had returned home to school at New York University. He never taught but instead took over the family business, in 1949 and 1950, Bill Gaines began a line of new titles featuring horror, science fiction, military fiction and crime fiction. With input from Gaines, the stories were written by Kurtzman, other writers including Carl Wessler, Jack Oleck and Otto Binder were brought on board. EC had success with its approach and pioneered in forming relationships with its readers through its letters to the editor and its fan organization.
EC published distinct lines of titles under its Entertaining Comics umbrella, most notorious were its horror books, Tales from the Crypt, The Vault of Horror and The Haunt of Fear. These titles reveled in a gruesome joie de vivre, with grimly ironic fates meted out to many of the stories protagonists, the companys war comics Frontline Combat and Two-Fisted Tales often featured weary-eyed, unheroic stories out of step with the jingoistic times. Shock SuspenStories tackled weighty political and social issues such as racism, drug use, EC always claimed to be proudest of our science fiction titles, with Weird Science and Weird Fantasy publishing stories unlike the space opera found in such titles as Fiction Houses Planet Comics. Crime SuspenStories had many parallels with film noir, superior illustrations of stories with surprise endings became ECs trademark. Gaines would generally stay up late and read large amounts of material while seeking springboards for story concepts, the next day he would present each premise until Feldstein found one that he thought he could develop into a story.
At ECs peak, Feldstein edited seven titles while Kurtzman handled three, Artists were assigned stories specific to their styles. Davis and Ingels often drew gruesome, supernatural-themed stories, while Kamen, with hundreds of stories written, common themes surfaced. Some of ECs more well-known themes include, An ordinary situation given an ironic and gruesome twist, in Collection Completed a man takes up taxidermy in order to annoy his wife. When he kills and stuffs her beloved cat, the snaps and kills him. In Revulsion, a pilot is bothered by insects due to a past experience when he found one in his food. At the conclusion of the story, a giant alien insect screams in horror at finding the pilot in his salad
2000 AD (comics)
2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction-orientated comic. As a comics anthology it serialises stories in issue and was first published by IPC Magazines in 1977. IPC shifted the title to its Fleetway comics subsidiary which was sold to Robert Maxwell in 1987 Egmont UK in 1991, Fleetway continued to produce the title until 2000, when it was bought by Rebellion Developments. Other characters in 2000 AD include Rogue Trooper, Strontium Dog,2000 AD has been a successful launchpad for getting British talent into the larger American comics market. A long-running theme is that the editor of 2000 AD is Tharg the Mighty, Tharg uses other unique alien expressions and even appears in his own comic strips. Another running theme is Thargs use of robots to draw and write the strips, a fictional reason for Tharg to use mechanical assistance was given when the robots went on strike. Tharg wrote and drew a whole issue himself, but when he ran it through the quality-control Thrill-meter, the offending issue had to be taken away, by blindfolded security guards, to a lead-lined vault where there was no danger of anyone seeing it accidentally.
IPC asked Pat Mills, a writer and editor who had created Battle Picture Weekly and Action. Mills brought fellow freelancer John Wagner on board as script adviser, the then-futuristic name 2000 AD was chosen as no-one involved expected the comic to last that long. Mills experiences with Battle and Action in particular had taught him that readers responded to his anti-authoritarian attitudes, Mills had developed a horror strip, inspired by the novels of Dennis Wheatley, about a hanging judge, called Judge Dread. The idea was abandoned as unsuitable for the new comic, but the name, the task of visualising the newly named Judge Dredd was given to Carlos Ezquerra, a Spanish artist who had previously worked with Mills on Battle, on a strip called Major Eazy. Wagner gave Ezquerra an advertisement for the film Death Race 2000, showing the character Frankenstein clad in black leather, Ezquerra elaborated on this greatly, adding body-armour and chains, which Wagner originally thought over the top. Wagners initial script was rewritten by Mills and drawn up by Ezquerra, the hardware and cityscapes Ezquerra had drawn were far more futuristic than the near-future setting originally intended, and Mills decided to run with it and set the strip further into the future.
By this stage, Wagner had quit, IPC owned the rights to Dan Dare, and Mills decided to revive the character to add immediate public recognition for the title. Paul DeSavery, who owned Dares film rights, offered to buy the new comic and give Mills and Wagner more creative control, the deal fell through and Wagner walked. Mills was reluctant to lose Judge Dredd and farmed the strip out to a variety of freelance writers, the story chosen was one written by Peter Harris, extensively rewritten by Mills and including an idea suggested by Kelvin Gosnell, and drawn by newcomer Mike McMahon. The strip debuted in prog 2, but Ezquerra, angry that another artist had drawn the first published strip, Mills had created Harlem Heroes, about the future sport of aeroball, a futuristic, violent version of basketball with jet-packs. Similar future sport series had been a fixture of Action, wanting to give the new comic a distinctive look, Mills wanted to use European artists, but the work turned in on Harlem Heroes by Trigo was disappointing
Stewart McKenny is an Australian comic book artist, who has been described as one of Australias most prolifically published comic book artists. McKenny has worked on Star Wars comics, including Star Wars, Clone Wars Adventures and he is currently working for DC on the new childrens title, Super Friends. McKenny’s British small press work includes contributions to FutureQuake and his cover for FutureQuake #6 was featured in a full-page reprint in the Judge Dredd Megazine. In Australia, he has contributed to Zero Assassin, Tango Quattro, Pop Culture & Two Minute Noodles, Rex Hellwig, triumph of the Will Super Friends #3,5,8,12,17,21,23,26 and 29
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
Jonathan Clements is a British author and scriptwriter. His non-fiction works include biographies of Confucius and Qin Shi Huangdi and he is the co-author of encyclopedias of anime and Japanese television dramas. Clements speaks both Chinese and Japanese, and many of his works relate to East Asia, subsequently he translated over 70 anime and manga works for British distributors, and worked as a voice director and actor. He wrote his PhD at the University of Wales on the history of Japanese animation, published by the British Film Institute as Anime. He served two years at Titan Books in London as the editor of Manga Max magazine, an experience he would fictionalise as the Judge Dredd adventure Trapped on Titan. In 2000, he received the Japan Festival Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Understanding of Japanese Culture and he was an interviewee and consultant on the documentary Koxinga, A Heros Legacy, which drew heavily on his book Pirate King. The name was used as the title to a collection of Clementss articles and speeches.
Clements is an author, whose many non-fiction publications, on subjects ranging from the history of the Vikings to the life of Chairman Mao Tse-tung. His books have been translated into a dozen languages, including Spanish, Portuguese and Korean