MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Get Lost (The Magnetic Fields album)
Get Lost is the fifth studio album by American indie pop band The Magnetic Fields, released on October 24, 1995. The Divine Comedy have recorded covers of two Magnetic Fields songs, both from this album. "Love Is Lighter Than Air" appears as the B-side of their 1996 single "Something for the Weekend", while their version of "With Whom to Dance" appears as the B-side of their 1999 single "The Pop Singer's Fear of the Pollen Count'". Tracey Thorn has recorded covers of several Magnetic Fields songs. "Smoke and Mirrors" from Get Lost appears as the B-side of her 2007 single "Raise the Roof", together with her version of "The Book of Love" from 69 Love Songs. Advance Base recorded a version of "You and Me and the Moon" for the 2018 album Animal Companionship. CD All tracks written by Stephin Merritt, except where noted.. Vinyl The Magnetic FieldsStephin Merritt – vocals, instrumentation Claudia Gonson – drums, ukulele Sam Davol – cello, flute John Woo – guitar, banjoAdditional personnelJulie Cooper – bass guitar Natalie Lithwick – French vocalsProductionGet Lost was produced by Stephin Merritt.
Kelly McKaig was the recording assistant, Eric Masunaga was the technical advisor and occasional mixer. The spoken word French vocals on the song "Smoke and Mirrors" were translated by Andrew Beaujon. Eve Prime photographed the cover art for the album; the models in the photo are, from left to right, cellist Sam Davol, Ilsa Jule, Gail O'Hara, Michael Cavadias and Leslie Taylor. Ashley Salisbury was the stylist. Lilly of the Valley is listed in the liner notes as being one of the "cover models." It was the location of the photoshoot. The tray card was photographed by John Woo
Memories of Love
Memories of Love is the debut studio album by American indie pop band Future Bible Heroes, released in 1997 in the U. S. the U. K. Europe and Korea, its accompanying booklet features twelve word puzzles and games that, if solved reveal the name of the band and the title of the album, plus the lyrics to each of the album's eleven songs. All lyrics written by Stephin Merritt. Future Bible HeroesStephin Merritt – vocals Claudia Gonson – vocals Christopher Ewen – instrumentation
The Magnetic Fields
The Magnetic Fields is an American band founded and led by Stephin Merritt. Merritt is the group's primary songwriter and vocalist, as well as frequent multi-instrumentalist; the Magnetic Fields is a vehicle for Merritt's songwriting, as are various side-projects including The 6ths, Future Bible Heroes, The Gothic Archies. Merritt's recognizable lyrics are about love and with atypical or neutral gender roles, are by turns ironic, tongue-in-cheek and humorous; the band released their debut single "100,000 Fireflies" in 1991. The single was typical of the band's earlier career, characterized by synthesized instrumentation by Merritt, with lead vocals provided by Susan Anway. A more traditional band materialized; the band's best-known work is the 1999 three-volume concept album 69 Love Songs. It was followed in the succeeding years by a "no-synth" trilogy: i, Realism; the band's most recent album, 50 Song Memoir, was released in March 2017. The band began as Merritt's studio project under the name Buffalo Rome.
With the help of friend Claudia Gonson, who had played in Merritt's band The Zinnias during high school, a live band was assembled in Boston, where Merritt and Gonson lived, to play Merritt's compositions. The band's first live performance was at T. T. the Bear's Place in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1991 where they played to a sparse audience, expecting to see the Galaxie 500 spin-off, Magnetophone. The 1999 triple album 69 Love Songs showcased Merritt's songwriting abilities and the group's musicianship, demonstrated by the use of such varied instruments as the ukulele, accordion, mandolin, flute and the Marxophone, in addition to their usual setting of synthesizers and effects; the album features vocalists Shirley Simms, Dudley Klute, L. D. Beghtol, Gonson, each of whom sings lead on six songs as well as various backing vocals, plus Daniel Handler on accordion, longtime collaborator Christopher Ewen as guest arranger/synthesist. Violinist Ida Pearle makes a brief cameo on "Luckiest Guy on the Lower East Side".
The band's recent albums, i and Distortion, both followed the album theme structure of 69 Love Songs: The song titles on i begin with the letter "I", whilst Distortion was an experiment in combining noise music with their unconventional musical approach. The liner notes claim. According to an article: "To celebrate the release of Distortion and The Magnetic Fields played mini-residencies in cities around the country, culminating with six shows at Chicago's Old Town School of Folk Music." Realism was released in January 2010. The next album produced would feature synthesisers "almost exclusively". In 2010, the documentary film Strange Powers: Stephen Merritt and the Magnetic Fields made its debut in film festivals around the world, it was directed by Gail O'Hara. Shot over a period of 10 years, it discusses the formation of the band, Stephin's friendship with Claudia Gonson, the production of various albums, Stephin's move to California from New York, it won the Outfest 2010 Grand Jury Prize for Feature Documentary.
The band was chosen by Jeff Mangum of Neutral Milk Hotel to perform a rare festival performance at the All Tomorrow's Parties event that he curated in March 2012 in Minehead, England. The band released its tenth full-length album, Love at the Bottom of the Sea, on March 6, 2012 to critical acclaim; this album, sometimes compared to 69 Love Songs, brought back the use of a synthesizer. Merritt told fans on his website, "I was happy to be using synthesizers in ways that I had not done before. Most of the synthesizers on the record didn't exist when we were last using synthesizers." The song "Andrew in Drag" has garnered much attention, receiving play from entities such as CBS News and NPR's All Songs Considered. In 2012, the Magnetic Fields celebrated its new album by launching a North American and European tour, it began on March 6, the release date of Love at the Bottom of the Sea, continued for two months. In 2016 it was announced that the band's eleventh studio album, 50 Song Memoir would contain fifty songs, akin to the 69 Love Songs concept, one to commemorate each year since Stephin Merritt was born.
It was released in March 2017. Official membersStephin Merritt – guitar, keyboards, melodica, lead vocals Claudia Gonson – piano, percussion, group manager Sam Davol – cello, flute John Woo – banjo, guitar Shirley Simms – autoharp, vocalsOther contributorsCurrent and former contributors include singers Susan Anway, Dudley Klute, Nell Beram, LD Beghtol, as well as instrumentalists Johny Blood, Quince Marcum, Daniel Handler, Chris Ewen and engineer/producer Charles Newman and instrumentalist and singer Pinky Weitzman. Studio albumsDistant Plastic Trees The Wayward Bus The Charm of the Highway Strip Holiday Get Lost 69 Love Songs i Distortion Realism Love at the Bottom of the Sea 50 Song Memoir The House of Tomorrow, official site of TMF & side projects Aging Spinsters, a Stephin Merritt fan blog Stephin Songs, an informative fan site Strange Powers, official site of the TMF documentary
Wasps' Nests is the 1995 debut album by The 6ths, a side-project created by Stephin Merritt of The Magnetic Fields. Merritt recorded the album, inviting different vocalists to sing lead. Like the band's name, the album title is a tongue-twister. "Yet Another Girl" only appeared on the vinyl release of the album, but was included on Merritt's 2011 compilation Obscurities. All tracks written by Stephin Merritt
Partygoing is the third studio album by American indie pop band Future Bible Heroes. Future Bible Heroes member and lead lyricist Stephin Merritt was inspired by The B-52's' 1981 album Party Mix! to create Partygoing, conceived as "a party album that only just happens to be about drunk suicide, death and despair." All songs written by Christopher Ewen. "A Drink Is Just the Thing" – 1:26 "Sadder Than the Moon" – 3:44 "Let's Go to Sleep" – 2:48 "Satan, Your Way Is a Hard One" – 2:30 "A New Kind of Town" – 1:47 "All I Care About Is You" – 3:22 "Living, Partygoing" – 3:22 "Keep Your Children in a Coma" – 2:19 "How Very Strange" – 2:47 "Love Is a Luxury I Can No Longer Afford" – 2:19 "Digging My Own Grave" – 3:05 "Drink Nothing But Champagne" – 2:06 "When Evening Falls on Tinseltown" – 2:36 Credits adapted from AllMusic. Future Bible HeroesChristopher Ewen – composition, instrumentation Claudia Gonson – vocals Stephin Merritt – composition, mixing, vocalsAdditional personnelMichael English – design Jeff Lipton – mastering Charles Newman – engineer, mixing Maria Rice – assistant mastering engineer
Disco is a music genre and subculture that emerged in the 1970s from the United States' urban nightlife scene. The music, the fashion, many song lyrics and other cultural phenomena associated with disco were focused on having a good time on the dance floor of a discotheque to the loud sounds of records being played by a DJ enhanced by coloured lighting effects. Disco started as a mixture of music from venues popular with African Americans and Latino Americans, Italian Americans, LGBT people, psychedelic hippies in Philadelphia and New York City during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Disco can be seen as a reaction to both the dominance of rock music and the stigmatization of dance music by the counterculture during this period. Several dance styles were developed during the period of disco's popularity in the United States, including the Bump and the Hustle; the disco sound is typified by "four-on-the-floor" beats, syncopated basslines, string sections, electric piano and electric rhythm guitars.
Lead guitar features less in disco than in rock. Well-known disco artists include Donna Summer, Gloria Gaynor, the Bee Gees, Chic, KC and the Sunshine Band, Thelma Houston and the Village People. While performers and singers garnered public attention, record producers working behind the scenes played an important role in developing the genre. Films such as Saturday Night Fever and Thank God It's Friday contributed to disco's mainstream popularity. By the late 1970s, most major U. S. cities had thriving disco club scenes, DJs would mix dance records at clubs such as Studio 54 in New York City, a venue popular among celebrities. Discothèque-goers wore expensive and sexy fashions. There was a thriving drug subculture in the disco scene for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine and Quaaludes, the latter being so common in disco subculture that they were nicknamed "disco biscuits". Disco clubs were associated with promiscuity as a reflection of the sexual revolution of this era in popular history.
Disco was the last popular music movement driven by the baby boom generation. It began to decline in the United States during 1979-80, by 1982 it had lost nearly all popularity there. Disco Demolition Night, an anti-disco protest held in Chicago on July 12, 1979, remains the most well-known of several "backlash" incidents across the country that symbolized disco's declining fortune. Disco was a key influence in the development of electronic dance house music, it has had several revivals, such as Madonna's successful 2005 album Confessions on a Dance Floor, again in the 2010s, entering the pop charts in the US and the UK. The term "disco" is shorthand for the word discothèque, a French word for "library of phonograph records" derived from "bibliothèque"; the word "discothèque" was current in the same meaning in English in the 1950s."Discothèque" became in use in French as a term for a type of nightclubs in Paris after these had resorted to playing records during the Nazi occupation in the early 1940s.
Some clubs used it as their proper name. In 1960 it was used to describe a Parisian nightclub in an English magazine. In the summer of 1964 a short sleeveless dress called "discotheque dress" was popular in the United States for a short time; the earliest known use for the abbreviated form "disco" described this dress and has been found in the Salt Lake Tribune of 12 July 1964, but Playboy magazine used it soon after to describe Los Angeles nightclubs in September of the same year. Vince Aletti was one of the first to describe disco as a music genre, he wrote the feature article "Discoteque Rock Paaaaarty" that appeared in Rolling Stone magazine in September 1973. The music layered soaring, often-reverberated vocals doubled by horns, over a background "pad" of electric pianos and "chicken-scratch" rhythm guitars played on an electric guitar. "The'chicken scratch' sound is achieved by pressing the strings against the fretboard and quickly releasing them just enough to get a muted scratching while strumming close to the bridge."
Other backing keyboard instruments include the piano, electric organ, string synth, electromechanical keyboards such as the Fender Rhodes electric piano, Wurlitzer electric piano, Hohner Clavinet. Synthesizers are fairly common in disco in the late 1970s; the rhythm is laid down by prominent, syncopated basslines played on the bass guitar and by drummers using a drum kit, African/Latin percussion, electronic drums such as Simmons and Roland drum modules. The sound was enriched with solo lines and harmony parts played by a variety of orchestral instruments, such as harp, viola, trumpet, trombone, flugelhorn, French horn, English horn, flute, piccolo and synth strings, string section or a full string orchestra. Most disco songs have a steady four-on-the-floor beat, a quaver or semi-quaver hi-hat pattern with an open hi-hat on the off-beat, a heavy, syncopated bass line. Other Latin rhythms such as the rhumba, the samba and the cha-cha-cha are found in disco recordings, Latin polyrhythms, such as a rhumba beat layered over a merengue, are commonplace.
The quaver pattern is supported by other instruments such as the rhythm guitar and may be implied rather than explicitly present. Songs use syncopation, the accenting of unexpected beats. In general, the d