Hammondville is a town in DeKalb County, United States. It was incorporated in 1937; as of the 2010 census, the population of the town is 488. Hammondville is located at 34°34′10″N 85°38′18″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.9 square miles, all land. As of the 2010 census Hammondville had a population of 488; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 88.3% non-Hispanic white, 0.8% black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 5.1% from some other race, 3.3% from two or more races and 6.8% Hispanic or Latino or any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 486 people, 193 households, 150 families residing in the town; the population density was 99.0 people per square mile. There were 216 housing units at an average density of 44.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.27% White, 1.65% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.62% from other races, 1.85% from two or more races. 2.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 193 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.8% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.83. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $33,056, the median income for a family was $34,500. Males had a median income of $33,542 versus $17,045 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,582. About 8.0% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Vestal Goodman was a singer who performed in the Southern gospel genre for more than half a century. She is known both as a solo performer and as a member of the Happy Goodman Family—which originated with her husband and his brothers and sisters—one of the pioneering groups in southern gospel music. Goodman was the fourth of six children, she began singing in church as a child. Raised inside the Church of God, her original intent was to study for the Metropolitan Opera, but being raised in church she felt compelled to sing gospel music, she married Howard Goodman, a preacher nine years her senior, on November 7, 1949. They had a son Rick, a daughter Vicki, they sang for congregations across the country. Along with Howard's two brothers Sam and Rusty, they became known as The Happy Goodman Family, helping pave the way for Southern gospel music during the 1960s. With the formation of Word Records in the early 1960s, Vestal and The Happy Goodman Family were the flagship artists signed to the company.
In 1969, she won the first Female Vocalist of the Year Dove Award. As a natural step in her career, Vestal Goodman released her first solo album, "Hallelujah!" in 1971, from which came the well-known single, "It'll All Be Over But the Shoutin'". Her autobiography, Vestal!'Lord I Wouldn't Take Nothin' For My Journey Now', was published in 1999. It details her life in Southern gospel music, her heart problems, her subsequent bout with cancer and her struggle with prescription drug addiction; the Happy Goodmans won multiple Grammy and Dove awards, charted 15 No. 1 hit songs including "I Wouldn't Take Nothin' For My Journey Now," and performed more than 3,500 concerts, including performing at the White House for President Jimmy Carter in 1979. Goodman was honored by being named "The Queen of Southern Gospel Music", proclaimed in a wide array of magazines, from Rolling Stone, Billboard Magazine, Time and The Singing News, she was known for her trademark handkerchief, which she held in her hand during every performance, sometimes waving it over her head.
Comedian/singer Mark Lowry used to joke, "The anointing's in the hanky," during their Gaither Homecoming concert appearances. She and Howard worked with many well-known musicians on the Gaither Homecoming music projects in the 1990s, she was posthumously inducted into the Gospel Music Association Hall of Fame in 2004. The Happy Goodmans group was inducted into the GMA Hall of Fame in 1998. Howard Goodman died on November 30, 2002, after the couple made a farewell recording and singing tour dubbed "The Final Stand." Vestal Goodman died at the age 74 of complications from influenza while on Christmas vacation in Florida with her family. She died in the ambulance on the way to the hospital in Florida, her son Rick said it was appropriate for her death that it would happen in a place called Celebration. Worthington Music Group and Goodman Family Ministries partnered to release a collection of recordings from the family archive entitled Unsurpassed Masters Vol. 1 in 2008. The critically acclaimed album gives listeners a behind-the-scenes glimpse into the ministry of Howard and Vestal Goodman.
Vestal Goodman at Find a Grave Official Website
Sand Mountain (Alabama)
Sand Mountain is a sandstone plateau in northeastern Alabama and northwestern Georgia and southeastern Tennessee where the plateau it is known as Raccoon Mountain and Elder Mountain. It is part of the southern tip of the Appalachian mountain chain and it is the largest plateau in the chain. Geologically a continuation of Walden Ridge, Sand Mountain is part of the Cumberland Plateau, separated from the main portion of the plateau by the Tennessee River and Sequatchie Valley; the average elevation on Sand Mountain is around 1,500 feet above sea level, compared to about 650 feet in the surrounding area. This elevation leads to its having the coolest climate in the state of Alabama; the largest city on Sand Mountain is Albertville, in Marshall County. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 21,160; the Sand Mountain area has been inhabited for at least 9,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological finds at nearby Russell Cave National Monument, near Bridgeport, Alabama. In historical times and Creek villages were located in the Tennessee Valley to the west of Sand Mountain, in Wills Valley to the east.
Sequoyah, creator of the Cherokee syllabary, lived in the Cherokee village of Wills Town, near present-day Fort Payne in Wills Valley. The first Europeans to see it were Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his men, who are believed to have crossed Sand Mountain during their journey through southeastern North America between 1539 and 1543. One of the routes for the expedition traces their path across Sand Mountain on the way south from the Tennessee Valley to the Coosa Valley. Union troops under Major General George H. Thomas crossed Sand Mountain in September 1863 in an attempt to cut off the Confederate troops in Chattanooga, they were unsuccessful, the opposing armies met at the Battle of Chickamauga on September 19–20, 1863, resulting in a major Confederate victory. Jackson and DeKalb counties, along with the other counties of north Alabama, had voted against immediate secession in December 1860, pro-Union sentiment remained strong on Sand Mountain. In early 1861, citizens in several northeastern counties proposed breaking away from Alabama and joining with neighboring counties of East Tennessee to create a new Union state of Nickajack.
Industries such as mining and working for the railroad were acceptable as exemptions to military service for Southern unionists, some on Sand Mountain who did not wish to serve in the army worked at Sauta Cave in the Tennessee Valley, mining potassium nitrate to make gunpowder at Selma. In September 1861, the "Paint Rock Rifles" were raised on Sand Mountain by Confederate Colonel Lemuel Green Mead of Jackson County, they became Company C of the 26th Alabama Infantry Regiment, served with distinction at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862. Mead resigned his infantry commission in July 1862, after Union troops had invaded north Alabama, organized an independent company of partisan rangers who carried out guerrilla raids against occupying Union forces; the company was the core of what became Mead's Alabama and Tennessee Cavalry Battalion. In the summer of 1862, "Gunter's 1st Partisan Ranger Battalion" was formed on Sand Mountain in Jackson County by Major William T. Gunter; the battalion consisted of five mounted companies and served under Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest in skirmishes along the Tennessee River.
In November 1862, the battalion was merged with the 33rd Alabama Infantry Regiment. A Union regiment, the 1st Tennessee and Alabama Vidette Cavalry, was formed at Union-occupied Stevenson, Alabama, in 1863, drawing men from Sand Mountain, many of them Confederate deserters. However, the regiment was never all together and the companies were scattered around the area on guard duty, it was disbanded before the end of the war. Sand Mountain was home, from 1903 to 1905, to a short-lived commune of forty Russian Jewish families attempting to form a collective farm and manufacturing concern. Due to the isolation of the area from other Jewish communities, the limestone soil of the area, disharmony within the group, the project was abandoned and the inhabitants relocated after two years. Sand Mountain runs in a diagonal northeast-southwest direction from the northeastern corner of Alabama, includes parts of Jackson, DeKalb, Marshall and Blount counties in Alabama, as well as part of Dade County, Georgia.
Sand Mountain the northern end, i.e. eastern Jackson County and northern DeKalb County, is a rural, agricultural area, with a mix of chicken and potato farms, as well as other assorted farms, large expanses of both rolling pastures and forests. It contains unincorporated communities. There are significant problems with methamphetamine manufacture and use in many communities on Sand Mountain, the subject of a recent documentary called Meth Mountain. There is little violent crime on Sand Mountain. Politically and religiously, Sand Mountain is a conservative place voting for conservative candidates in elections, with Baptists claiming the largest number of congregants of any church denomination. Much of Sand Mountain is dry, with the sale of alcoholic beverages being forbidden. There is little racial diversity on Sand Mountain the northern half, nearly all white. Sand Mountain is one of the last places in the country with churches which still use Sacred Harp singing in their Sunday morning church services, is home to many of the largest and oldest continuous Sacred Harp singings in the country, as well as many important singers.
Snake handling by some churches on Sand Mountain
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
The term Hispanic broadly refers to the people and cultures that have a historical link to the Spanish language or the country of Spain, depending on the context. It applies to countries once under colonial possession by the Spanish Empire following Spanish colonization of the Americas, parts of the Asia-Pacific region and Africa. Principally, what are today the countries of Hispanic America, the Spanish Philippines, Spanish Guinea and Spanish Sahara where Spanish may or may not be the predominant or official language and their cultures are derived from Spain although with strong local indigenous or other foreign influences, it could be argued that the term Hispanic should apply to all Spanish-speaking cultures or countries, as the historical roots of the word pertain to the Iberian region. It is difficult to label a nation or culture with one term, such as Hispanic, as the ethnicities, customs and art forms vary by country and region; the Spanish language and Spanish culture are the main distinctions.
Hispanus was used to define people of ancient Roman Hispania, which comprised the Iberian Peninsula, including the contemporary states of Spain and Andorra, the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The term Hispanic derives from Latin Hispanicus, the adjectival derivation of Latin Hispania and Hispanus/Hispanos probably of Celtiberian origin. In English the word is attested from the 16th century; the words Spain and Spaniard are of the same etymology as Hispanus, ultimately. Hispanus was the Latin name given to a person from Hispania during Roman rule. In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used; the Hispano-Romans were composed of people from many different indigenous tribes, in addition to Italian colonists. Some famous Hispani and Hispaniensis were the emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, Theodosius I and Magnus Maximus, the poets Marcus Annaeus Lucanus and Prudentius, the philosophers Seneca the Elder and Seneca the Younger, or the usurper Maximus of Hispania. A number of these men, such as Trajan and others, were in fact descended from Roman colonial families.
Here follows a comparison of several terms related to Hispanic: Hispania was the name of the Iberian Peninsula/Iberia from the 3rd century BC to the 8th AD, both as a Roman Empire province and thereafter as a Visigothic kingdom, 5th–8th century. Hispano-Roman is used to refer to the culture and people of Hispania. Hispanic is used to refer to modern Spain, to the Spanish language, to the Spanish-speaking nations of the world the Americas, Pacific Islands and Asia, such as the Philippines and Guam. Spanish is used to refer to the people, culture and other things of Spain. Spaniard is used to refer to the people of Spain. Hispania was the Roman name for the whole territory of the Iberian Peninsula; this territory was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. In 27 B. C, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Hispania Baetica and Hispania Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis; this division of Hispania explains the usage of the singular and plural forms used to refer to the peninsula and its kingdoms in the Middle Ages.
Before the marriage of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1469, the four Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula—the Kingdom of Portugal, the Crown of Aragon, the Crown of Castile, the Kingdom of Navarre—were collectively called The Spains. This revival of the old Roman concept in the Middle Ages appears to have originated in Provençal, was first documented at the end of the 11th century. In the Council of Constance, the four kingdoms shared one vote; the word Lusitanian, relates to Lusitania or Portugal in reference to the Lusitanians one of the first Indo-European tribes to settle in Europe. From this tribe's name had derived the name of the Roman province of Lusitania, Lusitania remains the name of Portugal in Latin; the terms Spain and the Spains were not interchangeable. Spain was a geographic territory, home to several kingdoms, with separate governments, languages and customs, was the historical remnant of the Hispano-Gothic unity. Spain was not a political entity until much and when referring to the Middle Ages, one should not be confounded with the nation-state of today.
The term The Spains referred to a collective of juridico-political units, first the Christian kingdoms, the different kingdoms ruled by the same king. With the Decretos de Nueva Planta, Philip V started to organize the fusion of his kingdoms that until were ruled as distinct and independent, but this unification process lacked a formal and juridic proclamation. Although colloquially and the expression "King of Spain" or "King of the Spains" was widespread, it did not refer to a unified nation-state, it was only in the constitution of 1812, adopted the name Españas for the Spanish nation and the use of the title of "king of the Spains". The constitution of 1876 adopts for the first time the name "Spain" for the Spanish nation and from on the kings would use the title of "king of Spain"; the expansion of the Spanish Empire between 1492 and 1898 brought thousands of Spanish migrants to the conquered lands, who established settlements in the Americas, but in other distant parts of the world, producing
William Melvin Hicks was an American stand-up comedian, social critic and musician. His material—encompassing a wide range of social issues including religion and philosophy—was controversial and steeped in dark comedy. At the age of 16, while still in high school, Hicks began performing at the Comedy Workshop in Houston, Texas. During the 1980s, he toured the U. S. extensively and made a number of high-profile television appearances, but it was in the UK that he amassed a significant fan base, filling large venues during his 1991 tour. He achieved a modicum of recognition as a guitarist and songwriter. Hicks died of pancreatic cancer on February 26, 1994, at the age of 32. In subsequent years, his work gained significant acclaim in creative circles—particularly after a series of posthumous album releases—and he developed a substantial cult following. In 2007, he was No. 6 on Channel 4's list of the "100 Greatest Stand-Up Comics", rose to No. 4 on the 2010 list. In 2017, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him No. 13 on its list of the 50 best stand-up comics of all time.
Hicks was born in Valdosta, the son of James Melvin "Jim" Hicks and Mary Reese Hicks. He had an older sister, an older brother, Steve; the family lived in Alabama and New Jersey before settling in Houston, Texas when Hicks was seven years old. He was drawn to comedy at an early age, emulating Woody Allen and Richard Pryor, would write routines with his friend Dwight Slade. At school, he began performing comedy for his classmates. At home, he would write his own one-liners and slide them under the bedroom door of Steve, the only family member he respected, for critical analysis. Steve told him. You're good at this."Early on, Hicks began to mock his family's Southern Baptist religious beliefs. He joked to the Houston Post in 1987, "We were Yuppie Baptists. We worried about things like,'If you scratch your neighbor's Subaru, should you leave a note?'" Biographer Cynthia True described a typical argument with his father: Hicks did not, reject spiritual ideology itself, throughout his life he sought various alternative methods of experiencing it.
Kevin Slade, elder brother of Dwight, introduced him to Transcendental Meditation and other forms of spirituality. Over one Thanksgiving weekend, he took Hicks and Dwight to a Transcendental Meditation residence course in Galveston. Worried about his rebellious behavior, his parents took him to a psychoanalyst at age 17. According to Hicks, the analyst took him aside after the first group session and told him, "You can continue coming if you want to, but it's them, not you." Hicks was associated with the Texas Outlaw Comics group developed at the Comedy Workshop in Houston in the 1980s. By January 1986, Hicks was using recreational drugs and his financial resources had dwindled; however his career received another upturn in 1987, when he appeared on Rodney Dangerfield's Young Comedians Special. The same year, he moved to New York City, for the next five years performed about 300 times a year. On the album Relentless, he jokes that he quit using drugs because "once you've been taken aboard a UFO, it's kind of hard to top that", although in his performances, he continued to extol the virtues of LSD, psychedelic mushrooms.
He fell back to chain smoking, a theme that would figure in his performances from on. His nicotine addiction, love of smoking, occasional attempts to quit became a recurring theme in his act throughout his years. In 1988, Hicks signed on with Jack Mondrus. On the track "Modern Bummer" of his 1990 album Dangerous, Hicks says he quit drinking alcohol in 1988. In 1989, he released his first Sane Man. In 1990, Hicks released his first album, performed on the HBO special One Night Stand, performed at Montreal's Just for Laughs festival, he was part of a group of American stand-up comedians performing in London's West End in November. Hicks was a huge hit in the UK and Ireland and continued touring there throughout 1991; that year, he returned to filmed his second video, Relentless. Hicks made a brief detour into musical recording with the Marble Head Johnson album in 1992 collaborating with Houston high school friend Kevin Booth and Austin Texas drummer Pat Brown. During the same year he toured the UK, where he recorded the Revelations video for Channel 4.
He closed the show with his soon-to become-famous philosophy regarding life, "It's Just a Ride." In that tour he recorded the stand-up performance released in its entirety on a double CD titled Salvation. Hicks was voted "Hot Standup Comic" by Rolling Stone magazine in 1993, he moved to Los Angeles in 1992. Progressive metal band Tool invited Hicks to open a number of concerts in its 1993 Lollapalooza appearances, where Hicks once asked the audience to look for a contact lens he had lost. Thousands of people complied. Members of Tool felt that they and Hicks "were resonating similar concepts". Intending to raise awareness about Hicks's material and ideas, Tool dedicated their triple-platinum album Ænima to Hicks. Both the lenticular casing of the Ænima album packaging as well as the chorus of the title track "Ænema" make reference to a sketch from Hicks's Arizona Bay album, in which he contemplates the idea of Los Angeles falling into the Pacific Ocean. Ænima's final track, "Third Eye" contains samples from Hicks's Relentless albums.
An alternate version of the Ænima artwork shows a painting of Bill Hicks, calling him "Another Dead Hero," and mentions of Hicks are found both in the liner notes an