Llíria is a medium-sized town off the CV35 motorway to the north of Valencia, Spain. Known as Edeta in ancient Iberian times, it is the musical capital of the region. Llíria is the capital of the area known as Camp de Túria in the province of Valencia, it is 25 km north-west of the city of Valencia. It sits at an altitude of 164m; the population in 2006 totalled 21,500. The traditional economy is based on agriculture, but industries such as textiles, construction materials and furniture are becoming important; the city is at the end of the Metrovalencia train system. Construction of a new general hospital in Llíria began in 2007 and finished in 2015. Due to the severe financial crisis, the building of the hospital took much longer than expected; the local Fiestas are Romería of San Vicente Ferrer, Saint Michael. Under Llíria lie the ruins of what was one of the most important Iberian cities in Spain; the city was known as Edeta and it was the administrative centre of Edetania, an extensive territory between the rivers Júcar / Xúquer and Palancia River / Riu Palància.
Edeta was built on a hilltop known as Sant Miquel. The city was moved downhill to its current location by Quintus Sertorius after Roman troops destroyed the town in 76 BC. Under the Romans, Llíria was as important as Sagunt; the town is rich in Roman finds, including a large Roman leisure centre with a temple, shops and hot baths. Recent archaeological excavations have uncovered one of Spain’s largest-ever caches of buried coins. Popularly known as the Treasure of Carrer Duc de Llíria, it totals some 6,000 silver denarii minted in the first and third centuries. Another archaeological find was a mosaic of The Twelve Labours of Hercules, excavated from a Domus Romana at Can Porcar or Casa de Porcar in Llíria, it is displayed at the National Archaeological Museum of Spain. Additionally, Llíria's own archaeological museum contains imagery from its original location including details of each of the labors along with other Roman artifacts from the town; the first church in Llíria was built in 1238 by King James I of Aragon, after his victory over the Moors and the conquest of the Valencian region.
The Church of the Blood was built on the site of a mosque and is a typical example of Valencian Gothic architecture with Roman and Valencian influences. Some remains of the original mosque can still be seen. In 1919 the church was gazetted as a National Monument and was the first religious monument in the Valencian Community to receive this distinction; the church was restored and opened to the public. The climate is Mediterranean, but with slight continental influence and some frosts in winter and spring; the average temperature is between 10 ° / 11 ° C in January and 26 ° / 29 °C in August. Rainfall is irregular but with heavy showers common in September and October; the city has about 21,500 residents of which some 16,500 live in the city centre and 5,000 live in surrounding residential estates. Llíria and the surrounding area has one of fastest rates of population growth in the entire nation. Outside of the city centre there are few sewage systems and no residential streets are paved or illuminated.
Utility services are struggling to keep up with unplanned growth. Sedesa SA has been given approval to construct a golf course with a hotel and luxury housing on a site some three kilometres to the north-east of the city. Work on the development was expected to begin in 2007, but now seem to have been suspended following the economic downturn; the largest immigrant communities are from Morocco and the United Kingdom. Holy Week in Llíria: is one of the most important traditional events in the city and one of the most ancient traditional Holy Week celebrations in the Region of Valencia, it is celebrated between Friday of Sorrows and Resurrection Sunday, including Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday. Llíria has elaborate processions during a tradition that dates from medieval times. Like in other regions of Spain, its Holy Week is notable for featuring the procession of "imágenes", lifelike wood or plaster sculptures of individual scenes of the events that happened between Jesus' arrest and his burial, or images of the Virgin Mary showing grief for the torture and killing of her son.
Saint Michael's Festival or Feast Day: on September, the 29th Saint Vincent's Festival or Feast Day: Next Monday after Easter Festival of the Immaculate Conception: end of August Festival of Our Lady of the Remedy: mid-September Taurine Week: First week of October Several thousand of Llíria’s residents play musical instruments and the city is well known for its two intensely rival bands. The first band, the "Banda Primitiva", was formed by a Franciscan friar Antoni Albarracín Enguídanos in 1838 and the subsequent band divided in 1903 to form the rival Unió Musical; the Conservatory of Lliria is a public center created by the city council on the 90's. Both Spanish and Valencian are spoken in the town. Spanish-language grant-aided schools: El Prat Valencian-language grant-aided schools: La Unió Spanish language church schools: Francisco Llopis and Santa Ana Spanish & Valencian language schools: Sant Vicent (96
Bétera is a municipality in the comarca of Camp de Túria in the Valencian Community, Spain. With 19,491 inhabitants, it is the second most populous town in the Camp de Túria shire, in the second zone of the Valencia metropolitan area. Bétera is situated on the southern slopes of the Serra Calderona, 15 km from Valencia and 23 km from the Mediterranean Sea on the border with the Valencian "market garden", L'Horta, it has a undulating surface, reaching 156 meters at its highest point. Its geographical location between the sea and mountains provides a microclimate, the mildest of the region, where the prevailing winds are Levant and Ponente; the rains occur in autumn and spring. As it is in the metropolitan area of Valencia, there are several road links, such as the Burjassot-Torres Torres road, the Bétera-Olocau road, the San Antonio de Benagéber road which links to the motorway Valencia Turia-Ademuz and the Mediterranean motorway, as well as others leading to the parishes and neighbourhoods of the city and surrounding towns.
Public transport is accessible via one of the northern terminal stations of Metro Line 1 of Valencia. This railway line is heir to the former Valencia Trenet, ranging from Bétera to the Pont de Fusta station in Valencia; the Sanatori Psiquiàtric stop serves the town. Surrounding Bétera are the following districts: El Baró:. Urbanisation Vall de Flors. La Malla:. Urbanisation La Masia and the military base "Jaime I", under NATO high command. Mallaetes:. La Cornada and Montesano. Masia Arnal:. Les Almudes. Mas Camarena:. La Esmeralda, Las Fuentes, Sector A, Soto de Camarena and Jardines de Camarena. Providencia:. Camí de Paterna, Urbanisations Cumbre de San Antonio, Torre En Conill and la Virgen de la Estrella; the southern part of town has grown in recent years, there are several developments planned and under construction, contiguous to the urban area. Godella Montcada Nàquera Paterna Pobla de Vallbona Serra Valencia San Antonio de Benagéber Bétera is twinned with: Italy Pont-Saint-Martin
Province of Valencia
Valencia or València is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Community. Of the province's 2,547,986 people, one-third live in the capital, the capital of the autonomous community and the 3rd biggest city in Spain, with a metropolitan area of 2,522,383 it's one of the most populated cities of Southern Europe. There are 265 municipalities in the province. Although the Spanish Constitution of 1812 loosely created the province of València, a stable administrative entity does not arise until the territorial division of Spain in 1833, remaining today without major changes; the Provincial Council of Valencia dates from that period. After the Valencian Statute of Autonomy of 1982, the province became part of the Valencian Community. Together with Spanish, Valencian is the co-official language, it is bordered by the provinces of Alicante, Cuenca, Castellón, the Mediterranean Sea. The northwestern side of the province is in the mountainous Sistema Ibérico area. Part of its territory, the Rincón de Ademuz, is an exclave sandwiched between the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel.
The province is subdivided into the comarques of Camp de Túria, Camp de Morvedre, Canal de Navarrés, Hoya de Buñol, Horta de València, Horta Nord, Horta Oest, Horta Sud, Requena-Utiel, Rincón de Ademuz, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baixa, Los Serranos, Vall d'Albaida and Valle de Cofrentes. The province of Valencia, like the rest of the region, is mountainous in the interior in the north and west, with the Sistema Central running from north to south and the foothills of Andalusia from west to east; this mountainous interior features deep and steep valleys formed by the major rivers running through it. The plain of Valencia, is the second largest coastal plain of the country, located in the low region between the Júcar and Turia river valleys, it is twenty wide. In 1843 it was cited as "one of the most fertile and best cultivated spots in Europe"; the other main rivers include the Serpis. The Altiplano de Requena-Utiel range, in the interior of the Valencia region, has an average height of about 750 m.
The principal mountains in the province are Cerro Calderón, Sierra del Caroche, Sierra del Benicadell, Serra Calderona, Sierra Martés, Sierra de Utiel, Sierra de Enguera, the Sierra de Mondúver. The València plains are known for their olive, ilex, algaroba and palm trees, with the appearance of an "immense garden"; such is the fertility of the soil, that two and three crops in the year are obtained, the greater part of the land returns eight per cent. The rice crops are the most valuable, are chiefly produced in the tract, irrigated by the Albufera, a large lake in the neighbourhood of València. Rice being the principal food of the lower classes, the crop is consumed in the province, with the exception of a small quantity which finds its way into Castile and Andalusia; the other chief product is the white mulberry, once the source of great wealth: it was worked in the silk-factories of València. In 1828, the produce of silk from the vega of València amounted to one million of pounds yearly, the greater part of, exported in its raw state, but the produce has increased since, owing to demands from the manufacturers of Lyon and other towns in the south of France.
The province of València is a notable producer of satins, silk ribbons, velvets. The export of fruit from Valencia is considerable of raisins; the raisins are of two kinds, the muscatel, an inferior and smaller raisin, called pasa de legia. The export of figs and wine from the province and ports of València is considerable, with a wine known as Beni Carlo, which as of 1843 was shipped to Cette. Mercury, sulphur, argentiferous lead, coal, etc. are among the mineral products, but they are procured only in small quantities. Today, tourism is a major source of income, with the city of Valencia and the resort towns along the coast being the primary earners during the summer months; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, by C. Knight
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".
Albalat de la Ribera
Albalat de la Ribera is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Baixa in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is now home to the retired football manager Michael Wenman
Benaguasil is a municipality in the Valencian Community, situated in the Camp de Túria comarca. Benaguasil is situated at the left side of 25 km from Valencia. Bordering cities: Llíria, la Pobla de Vallbona, Riba-roja de Túria and Pedralba; the traditional economy is based on agriculture with oranges as important crops. But industries such as textiles and construction materials are becoming important; the local Festes are Falles, Festes de Montiel. Benaguasil was built by an important Arabic family, al-Wazir, over the ruins of a Roman villa
Albaida, Province of Valencia
Albaida is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. Palace of Milà i Aragó Segrelles Museum Route of the Borgias Route of the Valencian classics Daniel Olcina, footballer