Rothesay Netherwood School
Rothesay Netherwood School is an Atlantic Canadian, independent day and boarding university-preparatory school for grades 6-12 located in Rothesay, New Brunswick, a suburb of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. It has been an International Baccalaureate World School since April 2007, it is an accredited member of CAIS, a founding member of the ACIS, a member of CIS, a member of TABS. and a member of the international organization Round Square. The current Head of School is Paul McLellan. Rothesay Netherwood School is an independent private school offering both the Canadian High School Diploma as well as the International Baccalaureate Diploma; the school's campus is located on a sprawling 200 acres overlooking the Kennebecasis River in Rothesay, New Brunswick. Rothesay Netherwood School was founded in 1877 and is the result of the merger of two separate schools, Rothesay Collegiate School for boys and Netherwood School for girls; the two schools had a history of co-involvement since the 1890s and merged in 1984 for financial reasons.
The merged school was known as Rothesay Collegiate School Netherwood until 2002 when the current name was adopted. The current campus is that of the original Rothesay Collegiate School; the campus of Netherwood School for girls was developed at the time of the merger. Professor Ezekiel Stone Wiggins founded Thompson's School in 1874, a boy's day school housed upstairs in Whelpley Hall near the Rothesay railway station, in Rothesay, an affluent suburb of the prosperous city of Saint John, New Brunswick; the school was intended to prepare students for enrollment into the Royal Military College of Canada, established in 1877. In the 1880s the school was bought by George Lloyd leader of the group of colonists who founded the town of Lloydminster and Bishop of Saskatchewan, who renamed it Rothesay College for Boys. In 1891, the school was put on firm financial footing by local prominent citizen James F. Robertson, who renamed it Rothesay Collegiate School and moved it to its present location while adding boarding facilities.
Lloyd remained headmaster until 1900. In 1907 Robertson handed the school over to the Synod of the Anglican Diocese of Fredericton and Rev. W. R. Hibbard was appointed headmaster the following year. Dr. Hibbard was succeeded by Dr. C. H. Bonnycastle in 1938 but the school was run by his assistant, Dr J. F. L. Jackson, while Dr. Bonnycastle served as an officer in the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II. In 1963, the school was leased to an independent Board of Governors. Following Dr. Bonnycastle's retirement in 1970, a series of five headmasters presided over the school for next 17 years. Girls were first enrolled at Thompson's School until its move in 1891; the Netherwood School for girls was founded in 1894 by Miss M. Gregory, succeeded in 1895 by her niece, Mrs. J. Armstrong. In 1903, Miss E. Pitcher became co-principal with Dr. Susan B. Ganong at a time when it had only nine students. One of the most important people in the school's history, Dr. Ganong purchased the facility in 1912 and built it into an internationally recognized institution of high scholastic standing.
She presided over Netherwood until her retirement in 1944 when she sold the school to the Netherwood Foundation Limited. Dr. Ganong was succeeded by several headmistresses that presided for short terms. In the 1970s the New Brunswick government began investing in the public education system and RCS and Netherwood were subsequently challenged to maintain enrollment. In 1972 the schools formed a partnership. Financial difficulties continued and were exacerbated by the lack of long-term strategy caused by a series of short-term Heads at each school. In 1984, RCS and Netherwood announced. A group of parents and alumni came forward with a proposal to obtain financing and combine the two schools; the schools, now merged into RCS-Netherwood, were saved but this success came at the expense of the sacrificed Netherwood Campus. Between 1984 and 1991 over 2 million dollars were raised in the Call to Excellence Campaign led by Jack Hickman, allowing the school to continue operation. From 1995-1996 the Building for the Next Century Campaign led to the construction and renovation of several buildings.
In June 2002 RNS's newest boys residence, Kirk House, opened. Collegiate Hall was opened in May 2005 and now houses conference rooms. In October, 2006,'Netherwood' House opened as the school's new Junior Girls Residence. In 2009, a new dining hall was added to the campus, Heritage Hall, while the former dining hall was renovated into the school's modern library. In the fall of 2014, the school completed a modern expansion to its ice arena, in 2018 built a new fitness center attached to it. Rothesay Netherwood School is located in Rothesay, New Brunswick ten minutes east of the city of Saint John, New Brunswick; the campus is situated on 200 acres of land in the Kennebecasis River valley, with much of this space is given over to woodlands and sports fields. The campus consists of: Four boarding residences housing up to 140 students: Mackay House, Quinn House, Kirk House and Netherwood House. South House, providing faculty offices and housing student artwork.
University of New Brunswick
The University of New Brunswick is a public university with two primary campuses in Fredericton and Saint John, New Brunswick. It is the oldest English-language university in Canada, among the oldest public universities in North America. UNB was founded by a group of seven Loyalists who left the United States after the American Revolution. UNB has two main campuses: the original campus, founded in 1785 in Fredericton, a smaller campus which opened in Saint John in 1964. In addition, there are two small satellite health sciences campuses located in Moncton and Bathurst, New Brunswick, two offices in the Caribbean and in Beijing. UNB offers over 75 degrees in fourteen faculties at the undergraduate and graduate levels with a total student enrollment of 11,400 between the two principal campuses. UNB was named the most entrepreneurial university in Canada at the 2014 Startup Canada Awards. In 1783, Loyalist settlers began to build upon the ruins of a former Acadian village called Ste-Anne-des-Pays-Bas.
The new settlement was named Frederick's Town in honour of Prince Frederick, son of King George III and uncle of Queen Victoria. Modelled on the Anglican ideals of older, European institutions, the University of New Brunswick was founded in 1785 as the Academy of Liberal Arts and Sciences; the petition requesting the establishment of the school, titled "The Founders' Petition of 1785," was addressed to Governor Thomas Carleton and was signed by seven Loyalist men: William Paine, William Wanton, George Sproule, Zephaniah Kingsley, Sr. John Coffin, Ward Chipman, Adino Paddock. To his Excellency Thomas Carleton Esquire Governor Captain General, Commander in Chief, of the Province of New Brunswick, the territories thereunto belonging, Vice Admiral Chancellor &c &c &c: — Your memorialists whose names are hereunto subscribed, beg leave to represent, state to your consideration the Necessity and expediency of an early attention to the Establishment in this Infant Province of an Academy, or School of liberal Arts and Sciences.
Your Excellency need not be reminded of the many Peculiarities attending the Settlement of this Country The Settlement of other Provinces has originated in the voluntary Exertions of a few enterprising Individuals and prosecuting their Labor at their Leisure, as they found it convenient, most for their Advantage – Far different is the Situation in which the loyal Adventurers here find themselves – Many of them upon removing had Sons, whose Time of life, former Hopes, call for an immediate attention to their Education – Many publick advantages, many Conveniences would result to Individuals could this be affected within this Province, the Particulars of which it is unnecessary to ennumerate – Your Memorialists do therefore most earnestly request your Excellency will be pleased to grant a Charter for the establishing, founding such an Academy... By an 1800 provincial charter, signed by Jonathan Odell, the Academy of Liberal Arts and Sciences became the College of New Brunswick; the College was succeeded by King's College, granted by royal charter in December 1827.
King's College operated under the control of the Church of England until 1859, when it was made non-sectarian by an act of the provincial legislature that transformed the College into the University of New Brunswick. In 1866, Mary Kingsley Tibbits became the first admitted female student of UNB. In 1906, UNB established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate responsible for academic policy, a board of governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and other matters; the president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to provide institutional leadership. By 1867, the University of New Brunswick had two faculties: Arts and Applied Science, it awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, Doctor of Science. The latter was awarded only in the fields of civil engineering, electrical engineering, forestry. At this time, the university had 156 male students, 21 female students, only eleven academic staff, who were all male.
In the 1960s, University policies changed in response to social pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. In 1964, a second, smaller campus was established in New Brunswick; the growth of the UNBSJ campus is notable, for the campus began with only 96 students spread throughout various buildings in Saint John's central business district. In 1968, UNBSJ moved to its new home at Tucker Park; the Association of University of New Brunswick Teachers was established in 1954. In 1959, the Faculty of Law moved from Saint John to Fredericton following a report on the status of legal education in Canada by Professor Maxwell Cohen from McGill University. In his report, Cohen stated that the Saint John Law School was only "nominally a faculty of UNB"; this prompted Lord Beaverbrook, as Chancellor, UNB President Colin B. Mackay, to permanently move the Saint John Law School to the UNB Fredericton campus, despite the Dean's objections.
In the fall of 2007, a report commissioned by the provincial government recommended that UNBSJ and the New Brunswick Community College be reformed and consolidated into a new polytechnic post-secondary institute. The proposal came under heavy criticism and led to the several organized protests. Under heavy fire from the public, the Graham government announced that it would set aside the possibility of UNB Saint John losing its status as a univers
Andrew Taylor (architect)
Sir Andrew Thomas Taylor, JP, RCA, FSA, FRIBA was a British architect and councillor. He was born in Edinburgh and practised architecture in Scotland and London before emigrating to Montreal, Quebec, in 1883, where he designed many of the buildings of McGill University, he retired from architecture in 1904 and returned to London, where he served on London County Council from 1908 to 1926. He was knighted for his political services in 1926. Taylor was the son of James Taylor, a publisher, Agnes Drummond, the sister of Sir George Drummond, of Montreal. In 1864 he began his architectural training as an articled apprentice to Pilkington & Bell in Edinburgh, staying for five years, he worked for a year as architect in the Duke of Roxburghe's estate office, moved to Aberdeen where he worked in the office of William Smith. He left Scotland for London in 1872, taking a position at the office of Joseph Clarke, studying at the Royal Academy Schools and University College London, his essay on London's 16th-century architecture won a Royal Institute of British Architects silver medal in 1874.
In 1877 he travelled to France. He joined the RIBA in 1878. An essay on the work of Sir Christopher Wren gained him a second RIBA medal in 1881, he subsequently published a book on the subject: The Towers and Steeples designed by Sir Christopher Wren, a descriptive and critical essay. In 1879 he established his own architectural practice in London, with a design for a Memorial Hall and Schools at Dover being his first commission. Together with Henry Hall, another of Pilkington's former pupils, Taylor entered the competition to design Glasgow City Chambers, being placed second. In 1882 Taylor established a partnership with George William Hamilton Gordon. In 1883, Taylor and Gordon opened an office in Montreal, where Taylor's uncle George Drummond was an influential figure. Taylor moved to Canada. However, the partnership was dissolved in 1888. In Canada, Taylor worked with the architect R. W. G. Bousfield. Taylor was responsible for buildings on the campus of McGill University including the Macdonald Physics Building, the Redpath Library, the Macdonald Chemistry Building, the Macdonald Engineering Building, the Memorial Arch for King George V.
He designed the Montreal Diocesan Theological College building on University Street near Milton Street, now part of McGill University. When Ravenscrag, now the Allan Memorial Institute, was still the residence of Sir Hugh Allan, Taylor extended the east wing, enlarged the stables. Taylor performed alterations and restoration on the Christ Church Cathedral from 1890–91, installed a memorial window for Mrs. A. C. Hooper, 1902–03, he designed the Mount Royal Crematory, the first crematory in Canada, on the eastern side of the Mount Royal Cemetery. In 1885, he designed and built Francis Redpath's house in Montreal, which from 1986 was under threat of demolition from the Sochaczevski family until final demolition in 2014, he was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Taylor was the architect responsible for the buildings and renovation of several buildings for the Bank of Montreal: The Bank of Montreal in Waterloo, Ontario known as the Molson's Bank, The Bank of Montreal in Point St. Charles Branch, Wellington Street at Magdalen Street, Quebec The Bank of Montreal in West End, Ste.
Catherine Street West at Mansfield Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal in Notre Dame Street West Seigneurs Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal, St. Catherine Street West at Papineau Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal, Ontario The Bank of Montreal, Stephen Avenue at Scarth Street, Alberta Manager's residence for the Bank of Montreal, Grande Allee, Quebec City Taylor retired from architecture in 1904, returning to London, England, he pursued a political career as a Conservative Party municipal councillor. He was elected to London County Council on 24 October 1908, representing Hampstead, served until 1926. From 1911 to 1937 he served as Chair of the Architectural Education Committee and Chair of the Slade Committee at University College London. In 1926 he was knighted for his political work. Under his will, the Sir Andrew Taylor Prize in Fine Art and the Sir Andrew Taylor Prize in Architecture were founded at University College London. List of members of London County Council 1889–1919 Works by or about Andrew Taylor at Internet Archive "Sir Andrew Thomas Taylor".
The Canadian Encyclopedia
A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. A total of 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built between 1883 and 1929, including some belonging to public and university library systems. 1,689 were built in the United States, 660 in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 125 in Canada, others in Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Belgium, the Caribbean, Mauritius and Fiji. At first, Carnegie libraries were exclusively in places where he had a personal connection - namely his birthplace in Scotland and the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area, his adopted home-town. Yet, beginning in the middle of 1899, Carnegie increased funding to libraries outside these areas. In years few towns that requested a grant and agreed to his terms were refused. By the time the last grant was made in 1919, there were 3,500 libraries in the United States, nearly half of them built with construction grants paid by Carnegie; the first of Carnegie's public libraries, Dunfermline Carnegie Library was in his birthplace, Scotland.
It was first commissioned or granted by Carnegie in 1880 to James Campbell Walker and would open in 1883. The locally quarried sandstone building displays a stylized sun with the carved motto "Let there be light" at the front entrance; the first library in the United States to be commissioned by Carnegie was in 1886 in his adopted hometown of Allegheny, Pennsylvania. In 1890, it became the second of his libraries to open in the USA; the building contained the first Carnegie Music Hall in the World. The first Carnegie library to open in the United States was in Braddock, about 9 miles up the Monongahela river from Pittsburgh, home to one of the Carnegie Steel Company's mills in 1889, it was the second Carnegie Library in the United States to be commissioned, 1887, was the first of just four libraries that he endowed. An 1893 addition doubled the size of the building and included the third Carnegie Music Hall in the United States. Carnegie limited his support to a few towns in which he had an interest.
These would be in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. In America, 6 out of the first 7, 7 of the first 10, 9 of the first 13 libraries he commissioned are all found in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Architectural critic Patricia Lowry wrote "to this day, Carnegie's free-to-the-people libraries remain Pittsburgh's most significant cultural export, a gift that has shaped the minds and lives of millions."Until 1898, only one library was commissioned in America outside Southwestern Pennsylvania—a library in Fairfield, commissioned in 1892. As the first time that Carnegie had funded a library in which he had no personal ties, it helped initiate the funding model that would be used by Carnegie for thousands of additional libraries. Beginning in 1899, his foundation funded a dramatic increase in the number of libraries; this coincided with the rise of women's clubs in the post-Civil War period, which were most responsible for organizing efforts to establish libraries, including long-term fundraising and lobbying within their communities to support operations and collections.
They led the establishment of 75–80 percent of the libraries in communities across the country. Carnegie believed in giving to ambitious. Under segregation black people were denied access to public libraries in the Southern United States. Rather than insisting on his libraries being racially integrated, Carnegie funded separate libraries for African Americans. For example, in Houston he funded a separate Colored Carnegie Library; the Carnegie Library in Savannah, opened in 1914 to serve black residents, excluded from the public library. The organized Colored Library Association of Savannah had raised money and collected books to establish a small Library for Colored Citizens. Having demonstrated their willingness to support a library, the group petitioned for and received funds from Carnegie. Future U. S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas wrote in his memoirs that he used it as a boy, before the library system was desegregated. Most of the library buildings were unique, constructed in a number of styles, including Beaux-Arts, Italian Renaissance, Classical Revival, Spanish Colonial.
Scottish Baronial was one of the styles used in Carnegie's native Scotland. Each style was chosen by the community, although as the years went by James Bertram, Carnegie's secretary, became less tolerant of designs which were not to his taste. Edward Lippincott Tilton, a friend recommended by Bertram, designed many of the buildings; the architecture was simple and formal, welcoming patrons to enter through a prominent doorway, nearly always accessed via a staircase. The entry staircase symbolized a person's elevation by learning. Outside every library was a lamppost or lantern, meant as a symbol of enlightenment. Carnegie’s grants were large for the era and his library philanthropy is one of the largest philanthropic activities, by value, in history. Small towns received grants of $10,000 that enabled them to build large libraries that were among the most significant town amenities in hundreds of communities. Books and libraries were important to Carnegie, beginning with his early childhood in Scotland and his teen years in Allegheny/Pittsburgh.
There he listened to readings and discussions of books from the Tradesman's Subscription Library, which his father helped create. In Pennsylvania, while working for the l
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
L. P. Fisher Public Library
The L. P. Fisher Public Library, started in 1912 and completed in 1914, is a landmark in the town of Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada. Named for Lewis Peter Fisher, a loyalist lawyer and leading citizen of Woodstock who bequeathed $208,000 for local charitable purposes, including the construction of a free library; the library was designed in a Greek Revival style by architect G. Ernest Fairweather of Saint John, New Brunswick and after two years of construction was completed in 1914; the exterior is brick with limestone trim, the interior is furnished in Honduran mahogany. There is a time capsule buried in the cornerstone; the front steps are of granite. The historical collections of the library include 19th century census records, newspapers, family histories and cemetery records. An expansion and restructuring of the library began in 2013 and was completed in 2015. Size: 546 m² Total Collection: 26,253 volumes Annual Circulation: 79,901 volumes Census 1851, 1871 and 1891 in hard copies for the area.
On microfilm the census for 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901. Marriage records for Carleton and York Counties Set of Dan Johnston's "Vital Statistics from NB Brunswick Newspapers" 1784-1890 1876 Map of Carleton County naming all the homes and businesses Carleton Sentinel 1849–present and Dispatch 1894-1919 on microfilm Muster Roll of the Carleton Light Dragoons, 1840. Index to the Carleton Sentinel RC records on microfilm Families histories of Campbell, Dibblee, Faulkner, Fisher, Folwer, Grant, Kinney, Morehouse, Orser, Price, Sharp, Snow, Tompkins, Tomsom. Extensive cemetery records The building is seen in the 2000 movie Ricky 6; the facade was temporarily altered to feature a different name and an American flag was flown from the flagpole. The interior was altered and repainted for use in the film. New Brunswick Public Library Service