G4 was an American pay television channel, owned by G4 Media, a joint venture between the NBCUniversal Cable division of NBCUniversal and Dish Network. The channel was geared toward young male adult viewers and focused on the world of video games, before transitioning to a more general entertainment format. G4 was headquartered in Los Angeles. In late 2012, G4's studio programming ceased in preparation for its relaunch as Esquire Network on September 23, 2013, as part of a licensing deal with Hearst Corporation, owner of Esquire magazine. However, on September 9, 2013, NBCUniversal announced that Esquire Network would instead replace sister channel, leaving G4 "as is for the foreseeable future, though it's unlikely the company will invest in more original programming". In August 2013, it was reported that 61,217,000 American households were receiving G4, though this declined with removals by several cable services as carriage agreements expired. According to a statement by some of the remaining providers carrying the network, G4 would end all operations on November 30, 2014.
Programming ceased at 11:59 PM ET on December 31, 2014. The channel was launched on April 2002, under the ownership of Comcast; the initial concept was to create a service similar to TechTV but "geared more toward MTV's demographics". The channel was launched with a nonstop Pong marathon being shown on the channel for a whole week. On May 1, 2002, G4 first aired the following shows: Arena: a multi-player game competition between two teams of four players. Filter: a top-ten countdown voted by viewers. Blister: focused on action/adventure game news; this was the first show to air on G4. Cinematech: described as a showcase for the best high-end digital art. Game On: two hosts competed in video game action come to life with dire consequences for the loser. Sweat: focused on sports game news. Cheat!: tips and cheat codes on video games. Portal: focused on multiplayer online games. Pulse: news on the video game industry. Judgment Day: known as Reviews on the Run, "two video-game gurus will opine on the latest entries."
G4tv.com: an interactive talk show on video games. G4 was created and led by Charles Hirschhorn, a former president of Walt Disney Television and Television Animation, he expected video game creators themselves to produce programming for the channel. He envisioned that G4 could follow in the footsteps of MTV, which in his opinion provided music video producers with a venue for non-traditional television programming. Hirschhorn intended G4 to become a vehicle for unconventional advertising. In 2002, G4 offered advertisers wide latitude to place their products on G4's programs, allowed their commercials to appear as if they were a part of the program. G4 offered what was called a "2 minute unit", an advertising package played as if it were part of a G4 program, long enough to run an entire movie trailer. G4 offered to sell the right to have a game showcased on the show Pulse. On March 25, 2004, Vulcan Inc. announced that G4 Media would acquire TechTV and merge it with G4. The combined channel was branded G4techTV.
Days before the announced sale, Comcast made plans to close the original TechTV production facilities in San Francisco and offered new headquarters in Los Angeles with openings for 80 to 100 TechTV employees available if they were willing to relocate. Hirschhorn headed the combined entity; as a result of the merger, TechTV's weeknight anime programming block, Anime Unleashed, moved to the new network. On February 15, 2005, less than a year after the merger, "TechTV" was dropped from the channel's name in the U. S. and the channel became known again as G4. However, the channel's Canadian version retained the "G4techTV" name until mid-2009, when it was renamed G4. In September 2005, Neal Tiles replaced Hirschhorn as the channel's president. Tiles had been a senior marketing executive at DirecTV, Fox Sports and ESPN, he announced that G4 would be retooled as a male-oriented channel, stating that "guys like to play games, but not watch a bunch of shows with games on the screen". On March 16, 2006, G4 took Anime Unleashed off the air.
In a commercial that aired on G4, promoting the network's newest additions and changes in late March and April 2006, it contained both a clip of anime and a quick flash of the Anime Unleashed logo, the logo being more visible when watched frame by frame. Despite this, indications by G4 personnel that the block might have a chance of returning, it never came back on the air and G4 canceled it. Comcast announced on October 12, 2006, that it would consolidate its west coast entertainment operations, including G4, E! and Style into a new group headed by Ted Harbert, who had run E!. It was announced that the upper management of the G4 channel would relocate to E!'s Los Angeles office. Harbert gave his opinion at the time that the focus of the channel on "gaming has been demonstrated as being too narrow." He gave assurances that while G4 might change, it would not become extinct. On March 4, 2007, it was announced that the G4 Studios in Santa Monica, would close on April 15. Production of G4 programs was relocated to the Comcast Entertainment Group facility, which housed E! and Style Network, in the Wilshire Courtyard complex in the Miracle Mile neighborhood of Los Angeles.
As a consequence, many G4 employees involved in production were terminated. The sets of G4's original programs were redesigned to fit within the new
List of civilian casualties in the war in Afghanistan in 2009 February 12, 2009 – Australian special forces soldiers killed 5 Afghan children in an attack on a compound in the Uruzgan province of southern Afghanistan. It was decided that no charges were to be brought against two Australian soldiers who killed five afghan children. March 2009 – A Danish smoke grenade that hit a kitchen during the course of fighting with insurgents flung a little girl against a wall, killing her; the Afghan child's death occurred at the start of March during joint military action with British soldiers in the province of Helmand. April 9, 2009 – American-led military forces killed four civilians – a man, a woman, two children – as well as an unborn baby in an overnight U. S. raid in the eastern province of Khost. The night raid killed the schoolteacher wife of Afghan National Army artillery commander Awal Khan, his 17-year-old daughter Nadia, his 15-year-old son and his brother, who worked for a government department.
Another daughter was wounded. The pregnant wife of Khan's cousin, who lived next door, was shot five times in the abdomen, killing her nine-month-old unborn baby. "The coalition has to stop this cruelty and brutal action," a grieving Khan said. The US-led military said four people killed by troops were "armed militants", but admitted that the people killed and wounded were civilians. International humanitarian organisation CARE said in a statement that the slain schoolteacher had been working at a school that it supports. "CARE condemns the action and demands that international military forces operating in Afghanistan are held accountable for their actions and avoid all attacks on innocent civilians in the country." May 3, 2009 - Italian troops opened fire after a passenger car was driving at high speed and ignored warning signs in western Afghanistan, killing a 12-year-old Afghan girl and wounding three members of her family. May 4, 2009 – American B-1B bombers killed at least two dozen and as many as 147 Afghan civilians in western Afghanistan in what has been called the Granai airstrike.
Local Afghan officials in Farah province collected the names of 147 people that were killed in the airstrike. After the Afghan government's investigation, the Afghan Defense Ministry announced an official death toll of 140 villagers. A government list with the names and ages of each of the 140 killed showed that 93 of those killed were children, while only 22 were adult males. A U. S. military investigation, on the other hand, estimated that 26 civilians were killed, but admitted in its report that they would never be able to determine how many civilians were killed by the operation. The U. S. military report concluded that at least two airstrikes on buildings should not have been ordered, called for changes in the U. S. military's rules for using airstrikes as well as retraining. The report was critical of the military for failing to assess battle damage and called for the creation of an investigative team that can respond within two hours of a reported incident. May 19, 2009 – In Lashkar Gah, Helmand Province, southern Afghanistan, Gurkhas mentoring police unit of the Royal Gurkha Rifles, called in British air strike after ambush from an suspected enemy position.
A British Harrier II aircraft dropped a laser-guided bomb on the suspected enemy compound which turns out to be unarmed Afghan civilians. Eight Afghan civilians were killed as well as the compound being destroyed. September 4, 2009 – As many as 70-90 people, most of them civilians, were killed in northern Kunduz province by a U. S. airstrike called in by German ISAF troops after militants had hijacked two fuel tankers headed from Tajikistan to supply NATO forces. The hijacked tankers got stuck in the mud by Kunduz River near the village of Omar Khel. According to Taliban spokesperson Zabiullah Mujahid, the insurgents opened valves to release fuel and lighten the loads, villagers swarmed the trucks to collect the fuel despite warnings that they might be hit by an airstrike. According to some Afghan officials, the militants encouraged local people to take advantage of the situation. Word spread and about 500 people from surrounding villages flocked to the trucks. At 2:30 A. M. a U. S. F-15E Strike Eagle fighter jet dropped two 500-pound bombs on the fuel tankers, triggering a huge fireball that incinerated many of the people nearby.
Video footage filmed in the morning showed piles of charred bodies lying by the river. An International Committee of the Red Cross team member and others said it was impossible to know how many people had died, with many bodies having been washed away by the river. According to Afghan police, provincial officials, doctors, most of those killed were civilians. September 30, 2009 – The Dutch Defense Ministry said that two Dutch F-16 fighter planes provided air support during what was referred to as "heavy fighting" between British ground troops and the Taliban in Helmand Province. British troops on the ground gave the planes the coordinates of a house from which they were being fired upon. One Dutch F-16 dropped one precision bomb on the house. "Afterwards it appeared that apart from the Taliban fighters, there were civilians in the house as well. The Taliban had hidden among the civilians," the ministry said. French press agency AFP quoted. December 25, 2009 – Ten Afghan civilians, including 8 students that were children, were killed by U.
S.-led forces during a military operation in the Narang district of Kunar province. The governor of Kunar province said the foreign military operation was launched without the knowledge of government officials in the province. On December 31, Afghan President Hamid Karzai stated that according to the investigative
The Siemens-Schuckert D. III was a German single-seat fighter built by Siemens-Schuckert Werke; the D. III was a development of the earlier Siemens-Schuckert D. IIc prototype; the D. III was an equal-span biplane powered by a 160 hp Siemens-Halske Sh. III bi-rotary engine. Idflieg placed an order for 20 aircraft in December 1917, followed by a second order of 30 aircraft in February 1918. 41 D. IIIs were delivered to frontline units between April and May 1918. Most aircraft were supplied to Jagdgeschwader II, whose pilots were enthusiastic about the new aircraft's handling and rate of climb. After only seven to 10 hours of service, the Sh. III engines started showing serious problems with piston seizure; the problem was traced to the Voltol mineral oil, used to replace the now-scarce castor oil. Furthermore, the close-fitting engine cowling provided inadequate cooling to the engine. In late May 1918, Jagdgeschwader II replaced its D. IIIs with the older Fokker Dr. I; the remaining D. III aircraft were returned to the Siemens-Schuckert factory, where they were retrofitted with new Sh.
IIIa engines, an enlarged rudder, cutaway cowlings that provided improved airflow. A further 30 new production D. IIIs incorporated these modifications. Total production amounted to 80 aircraft. In July 1918, the D. III returned to active service as an interceptor with home defense squadrons. By this time, the D. III had been replaced in production by the Siemens-Schuckert D. IV. German EmpireLuftstreitkräfte SwitzerlandSwiss Air Force Data from German Aircraft of the First World War, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, The Complete Book of FightersGeneral characteristics Crew: 1 Length: 5.7 m Wingspan: 8.43 m Height: 2.8 m Wing area: 18.84 m2 Empty weight: 523 kg Gross weight: 725 kg Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh. III and Sh. IIIa 11-cylinder contra-rotating air-cooled rotary piston engine, 120 kW 160 kW for take-offPerformance Maximum speed: 177 km/h at sea level Range: 360 km Service ceiling: 8,000 m Time to altitude: 1,000 m in 1 minute 45 secondsArmament Guns: 2×7.92 mm LMG 08/15 machine-guns
The 2006–07 European football season was the 103rd season of Sport Lisboa e Benfica's existence and the club's 73rd consecutive season in the top flight of Portuguese football. The season ran from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007; the club participated in the UEFA Champions League as a result of finishing third in the Primeira Liga in the previous season. After manager Ronald Koeman's departure, Benfica searched for a replacement. Media speculated the club would sign Sven-Göran Eriksson and Carlos Queiroz, but Benfica signed the former Porto and Sporting CP manager Fernando Santos. Santos was the first manager. In the transfer market, Benfica brought back Rui Costa and recruited other notable players including Katsouranis and David Luiz. Fabrizio Miccoli had his loan renewed for a second year, while Geovanni, Manuel Fernandes and Ricardo Rocha left the club during the season; because of their league finish, Benfica had to pass Austria Wien to enter the group stage of the season's Champions League. Domestically, Benfica's season started erratically, losing 11 points from three losses and a draw before December.
In Europe, the situation was similar. From December until April, Benfica regained lost ground in the Primeira Liga, climbing to second place—a point away from Porto, advancing until the quarter-finals of UEFA Cup In April, Benfica had the opportunity to reach the league's top place if they won the Clássico with Porto, it was the first of five winless games that caused them to drop to third place and be eliminated from Europe by Espanyol. Despite an improvement in form, Benfica wasted a chance to retake second place after another home draw against arch-rival club Sporting. Benfica ended the season in third place, with two fewer points than Porto, ensuring a place in the Champions League. In the aftermath of Ronald Koeman's departure, Portuguese media began to speculate about Benfica's next manager, they focused on Sven-Göran Eriksson, who had managed the club and was in Algarve preparing for the World Cup with England's national squad. On 17 May, Eriksson said. José Antonio Camacho's agent dismissed speculation about his return.
On 19 May, SIC Notícias announced. Both parties denied any agreement; the following day, Benfica presented Fernando Santos as the club's new manager on a two-year contract. Santos had last managed in Portugal in 2003–04, when he led Sporting to a third-place finish, spent three years at Porto, winning five major titles, he became the third manager—the first Portuguese—to manage all of the country's Big Three football clubs, after Otto Glória and Fernando Riera. He would be assisted by Fernando Chalana. Benfica's first signing of the season was Rui Costa nicknamed "The Maestro", who arrived for free and was well received by 3,000 supporters, he took a large pay cut to join Benfica. After Costa, Benfica selected Kostas Katsouranis as their top target in the search for another central midfielder, they agreed a transfer on 22 June. Benfica was interested in signing Andrés D'Alessandro, but the deal fell through. In the offence, Fabrizio Miccoli had his loan deal renewed for a further season, Benfica signed another option, Mexican striker, Francisco Fonseca.
The biggest losses for Santos were the release of Geovanni—a regular starter for three-and-a-half seasons— and Manuel Fernandes, who joined Portsmouth on a loan deal. The pre-season began on 3 July with medical exams during the morning and an afternoon visit to Nyon, where Benfica were camped during their pre-season tour of Switzerland. Santos implemented a new tactical formation based on the 4–4–2 diamond. Benfica played their first game against Swiss second-tier side Stade Nyonnais, beating them by a comfortable margin, they followed this with a win against Shakhtar Donetsk in Yverdon-les-Bains, a loss against FC Sion at the Stade Tourbillon on 15 July. Benfica returned to Portugal on 16 July, they competed in the 2006 Guadiana Trophy alongside their arch-rivals Sporting CP and Deportivo La Coruña, losing both matches. On 28 July, Benfica took part in the draw for the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. Santos dismissed accusations of favouritism with the Austrians, saying, "It is a question of honour to be present in the Champions League, for me and for Benfica."
Benfica's next preparation match was at AEK Athens on 1 August, where they lost for the third time in a row. The result caused concern to Santos because Benfica "showed a lot of tactical problems, both offensively and defensively." Benfica played their final preparation match on 15 August, where they defeated Estrela da Amadora 2–1. Benfica first competitive game of the season was the third qualifying round of the Champions League. Before the match, Santos expressed the importance of reaching the group stage: "More important than the formation used is to fulfil our purpose: take part in the group stage of the competition." On 8 August, Benfica visited the Ernst-Happel-Stadion to play Austria Wien. Benfica scored first with a back-heeled goal from Nu
John Hillman, P. E. is an American structural engineer who invented the hybrid composite beam and founded the HC Bridge Company. In 2010, he was recognized with the Award of Excellence from Engineering News-Record. Born in North Dakota and raised in east Tennessee, Hillman received a bachelor's degree from the University of Tennessee in 1986 and a master's degree in civil engineering from Virginia Tech in 1990. Hillman has worked at several well-known bridge companies including Figg & Muller, Jean Muller International, VSL, he is employed at Teng & Associates in Chicago. At one point in his career, Hillman worked on developing fiber reinforced polymer bridges; this led to his idea of the hybrid composite beam: combining a concrete and steel tied arch structure within an FRP box. A $320,000 grant from the Transportation Research Board's Innovations Deserving Exploratory Analysis program paid for the first HCB's to be constructed; these beams were installed on a railroad test track. There the beams supported a heavily-loaded train.
The hybrid composite beam is a beam. It is constructed as a composite of three materials steel strands and fiber reinforced polymer; the materials are arranged in a manner that the materials act as what would traditionally be separate structural elements. The concrete carries compressive load internal to the beam; the steel strands carry the tensile load internal to the beam. The FRP shell carries the shear and bending moment internal to the beam; this means that the beam acts structurally in a hybrid nature, somewhere between a tied-arch and a beam. 2010 Award of Excellence from Engineering News-Record for creating a new type of structural beam. Semi-finalist, 2007 Modern Marvels Invent Now Challenge from the National Inventors Hall of Fame. US 6145270 Plasticon-optimized composite beam system US 7562499 Hybrid composite beam system US application 2009241452 Hybrid composite beam and beam system High Road Bridge - the world's first road bridge built using the hybrid composite beams HC Bridge Company, LLC ENR Award of Excellence, Acceptance speech
The 1957 Maryland Terrapins football team represented the University of Maryland in the 1957 NCAA University Division football season as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. They were led by second-year head coach Tommy Mont, who guided Maryland to a 5–5 record, which proved to be the only non-losing season in his three-year tenure. One highlight of the season was the attendance of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh at the game against North Carolina. Maryland returned a deep and experienced team for 1957. Sports Illustrated gave an optimistic appraisal and predicted the team would be ready to come back from the previous season's poor result, it noted, "The line has depth. The backfield only lacks speed." Moreover, sophomore guard Rodney Breedlove was a touted prospect. In the season opener, second-ranked Texas A&M beat Maryland, 21–13. Although defeated, the Daytona Beach Morning Journal called the Terrapins' effort "impressive". Before the game against NC State, Mont worried about the inexperience of his team his quarterback Dickie Lewis and three sophomore linemen.
The Wolfpack routed Maryland, 48–13, NC State halfback Dick Christy scored three touchdowns, which included a 96-yard kickoff return. Maryland did not tally until the third quarter; the following week, Maryland lost to fourth-ranked Duke, 14–0, but escaped without any injuries, which The Baltimore Sun considered "a major victory in itself". Against Wake Forest, Mont put in third-string senior quarterback John Fritsch late in the first half, he led the team to score two touchdowns before halftime, led a 72-yard drive for the final score in the fourth quarter. Maryland won, 27–0; the highlight of the season was the home game against 14th-ranked North Carolina, which featured a return to College Park by former head coach Jim Tatum and the attendance of Elizabeth II. During a visit to the United States, the Queen had expressed a desire to watch her first game of American football. In the first quarter, Maryland halfback Howard Dare fumbled and North Carolina linebacker Jack Lineberger recovered the ball on the Terrapins' 44-yard line.
North Carolina recovered it at the Maryland 35 yard-line. On the ensuing possession, Tar Heel halfback Daley Goff rushed 11 yards for a touchdown. In the third quarter, Maryland gained excellent field position when Goff received a bad punt snap, the Terps took over on the Carolina 38-yard line. Maryland quarterback Bob Rusevlyan scored on a one-yard sneak. In the fourth quarter, halfback Ted Kershner broke away for an 81-yard touchdown run to take the lead, 14–7. Soon after, Fullback Jim Joyce capped a 67-yard drive with a 13-yard rush for a score. With a final result of 21 -- 7, the Maryland players carried Mont to the Prince Philip's box. Mont said it was a day that "I will revel in for the rest of my life."Tennessee remained in control against Maryland throughout the game. Maryland kicked off to start the game, Terrapins guard Rod Breedlove recovered the ball on the Volunteers' 18-yard line, his team, was unable to convert for any points in its subsequent possession, fell inches short of the end zone.
For the remainder of the game, Maryland was able to advance only once into opposing territory, to just the 37-yard line. Tennessee won, 16–0. Maryland edged South Carolina, 10–6, behind quarterback John Fritsch's first quarter field goal and a point after touchdown conversion on a score in the final quarter. A week Maryland recovered four Clemson fumbles, but the Tigers took control in the third quarter. Quarterback Harvey White passed for two touchdowns, tailback George Usry and fullback Bob Spooner each tallied as well. Clemson won with the final result of 26–7. Maryland met eight-point favorites Miami, which boasted a stout defense. Fritsch gave the Terrapins an early lead with a first quarter field goal. Fullback Phil Perlo scored on a short run, quarterback Bob Rusevlyan's "accurate arm" connected with tailback Howie Dare for Maryland's final tally, which resulted in a 16–6 upset. Rusevlyan again led Maryland to 12 -- 0, in a mud-soaked season finale against Virginia; the Terrapins improved from the previous season and compiled a 5–5 record, which proved to be the best during Coach Mont's tenure.
Maryland's 4–3 record in the ACC put the Terrapins in a tie for third place in the conference. The 1957 team consisted of the following letterwinners: The coaching staff consisted of: Tommy Mont, head coach William Dovell Ed Fullerton Jack Hennemier Johnny Idzik Fred Layman Roy Lester Jim Peebles Bob Ward