GMA Network (company)
GMA Network Inc. is a Filipino media company based in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It is primary involved in radio and television broadcasting, with subsidiaries dealing in various media related businesses; the majority of its profits are derived from publicity and marketing incomes associated to television distribution. Founded on June 14, 1950, it owns and operates two national television networks, two national radio stations, two regional radio networks, It operates three international channels, along with subsidiaries dealing in film production and distribution, music production and publishing, talent development and management and a number of internet and digital converging technology in the Philippines; the company is a publicly traded company on the Philippine Stock Exchange. The company's roots can be traced back to Loreto F. de Hemedes, Inc. owned by Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart, an American war correspondent. The company started with the launching of its first AM radio station in Manila through Radio Broadcasting Station, DZBB.
It went on air on March 1, 1950 using the frequency of 580 kHz of the AM band, broadcasting from the Calvo Building in Escolta, Manila. Its early radio coverage highlights were the crash of President Ramon Magsaysay's plane in Mount Manunggal. DZBB became the first radio station in the Philippines to use telephones for live interviews. Within years since its first broadcasts, the huge triumph of the station and its growing number of listeners made clear the move to modern facilities in EDSA, Quezon City, with the work done in 1959. On October 29, 1961, the company launched its first television station, RBS TV Channel 7 using local VHF channel 7. In 1963, DYSS Television was launched in Cebu. From Loreto F. de Hemedes, Inc. the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc. in 1974, when a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr. Menardo Jimenez and Felipe Gozon took over the management. In 1996, the company changed its corporate identity to GMA Network Inc. GMA Network known as GMA, is a major Philippine commercial television network.
Launched on October 29, 1961, GMA Network is referred to as the “Kapuso Network” in reference to the company’s logo. Its headquarters can be found at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City. GMA News TV is a Philippine news and lifestyle-oriented channel on local VHF channel 11. Local programs and content shown on Q are part of its programming. GMA News TV is watched as a free-to-air news and lifestyle oriented channel in the Philippines; the channel is available in most cable TV systems. Fox Filipino is an archive entertainment cable television channel in the Philippines, it features Filipino-produced programming from GMA Network and Filipino movies from GMA Films, entries from the Cinemalaya Philippine Independent Film Festival, selected Asian and Hollywood movies, selected foreign programming dubbed in Filipino language. GMA International operates three international channel. On February 14, 2004, GMA International launched its first international channel, GMA Pinoy TV; the channel is targeted toward Filipino communities worldwide.
Flagship programs from GMA Network are shown aside from in-house programming. It syndicates shows. GMA Pinoy TV is available in key cities in the United States, Middle East and some parts of Asia and Europe. In February 2008, GMA International launched its second international channel via GMA Life TV, it carries programming from GMA Network and from its former lifestyle channel in the Philippines, Q. It carries new programs broadcast by the news channel, GMA News TV. GMA Life TV is available through cable TV system worldwide. GMA International announced the launch of GMA News TV International in July 2011, it will be available through cable TV systems worldwide. It will be the third international channel of GMA Network Inc. together with GMA Pinoy TV and GMA Life TV. GMA News TV International is current available on a preview channel basis in Australia via UBI World TV and FetchTV, IPS/AccessTV in Japan and GUdTV in Guam. DZBB known as Super Radyo DZBB 594 is the AM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, one of GMA Network's subsidiaries.
Radio studios are located at GMA Network Center in Quezon City while its radio transmitter is at Obando, Bulacan. The station operates 24 hours a day except every Monday midnight; some of the programs of GMA and GMA News TV are simulcast on the station. DWLS-FM known as Barangay LS 97.1, is the FM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, a subsidiary of GMA Network. Its main radio studios are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter is at Tandang Sora Avenue, Quezon City. DWLS is the assigned call letters for the radio station and it was derived from the name of Loreto Stewart, the wife of its founder, Robert La Rue "Uncle Bob" Stewart. In order to strengthen its broadcast signal in Metropolitan Manila and its suburbs, GMA Network Inc. constructed the Tower of Power in the third quarter of 1987. GMA Network Inc. spent more than PhP168 million to the upgrade its broadcast transmitters and facilities in various key cities in the Philippines. It plans to augment its existing studio facilities in Cebu and Davao.
It plans to upgrade construction of its existing broadcast facilities in Dagupan City to further improve its coverage in the northern part of the Philippines. These u
Television and Production Exponents Inc. is a Philippine television production company established in 1978 and is a partner of GMA Network Inc.. It is known as the producer of the longest running noontime variety show Eat Bulaga! since 1979, among several Philippine television dramas. The offices and production studios are located at Loyola Heights, Quezon City; these were traditionally aired during Holy Week. Nang si Hudas ay Madulas Mga Ginoong Marya Sino Ang Bestfriend Ko? The Manager May Isang Bata Ama't Anak Alalay Angel Perfect True Love Tahanan Mama Waiting Room Ganyan Kita Kamahal Sa Iyong Paglaya Binhi Sa Matabang Lupa Star May Isang Bata Da Prudyutibs Ang Mga Anak Ng Maestro Karugtong ng Puso Ilaw ng Kahapon Hakbang sa Pangarap Kulungan Kanlungan Anyo ng Pag-Ibig Pangalawang Bukas Biro ng Kapalaran Lukso ng Dugo Pangako ng Pag-Ibig Pinagpalang Ama Aruga ng Puso Sukli ng Pagmamahal Dalangin ng Ama Kaputol ng Buhay Walang Kapalit Panata God Gave Me You Inay Kapatid Pagpapatawad Prinsesa Mansyon Kaibigan My Carinderia Girl Haligi ng Pangarap Pamilya A Daughter's Love Hating Kapatid Taray ni Tatay Bulawan Biyaheng Broken Hearted Ikigai: Ang Buhay Ng Buhay Ko Eat Bulaga 10th Anniversary Special Eat Bulaga 20th Anniversary Special Eat Bulaga!
Silver Special Eat Bulaga 30th Anniversary Special A Party for Every Juan: The Jose and Wally Concert Jose and Wally Concert: A Party For Juan and All AlDub: Sa Tamang Panahon at the Philippine Arena Imagine You and Me: The Journey Miss Millennial Philippines Grand Coronation Day Special at the MOA Arena Aldub First TeleMovie Title is Love is... List of programs broadcast by GMA Network List of programs aired by GMA Network List of telenovelas of GMA Network
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being. The legal definition of a charitable organization varies between countries and in some instances regions of the country; the regulation, the tax treatment, the way in which charity law affects charitable organizations vary. Charitable organizations may not use any of its funds to profit individual entities. Financial figures are indicators to assess the financial sustainability of a charity to charity evaluators; this information can impact a charity's reputation with donors and societies, thus the charity's financial gains. Charitable organizations depend on donations from businesses; such donations to charitable organizations represent a major form of corporate philanthropy. The Organizational Test: If the organization doesn't follow the exemption organizational test, it will be under mentoring, in order to meet the organizational test it has to be organized and operated.
Serving the public interest: In order to receive and pass the exemption test, charitable organization must follow the public interest and all exempt income should be for the public interest. Until the mid-18th century, charity was distributed through religious structures and bequests from the rich. Both Christianity and Islam incorporated significant charitable elements from their beginnings and dāna has a long tradition in Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism. Charities provided education, health and prisons. Almshouses were established throughout Europe in the Early Middle Ages to provide a place of residence for poor and distressed people. In the Enlightenment era charitable and philanthropic activity among voluntary associations and rich benefactors became a widespread cultural practice. Societies, gentleman's clubs, mutual associations began to flourish in England, the upper-classes adopted a philanthropic attitude toward the disadvantaged. In England this new social activism was channeled into the establishment of charitable organizations.
This emerging upper-class fashion for benevolence resulted in the incorporation of the first charitable organizations. Captain Thomas Coram, appalled by the number of abandoned children living on the streets of London, set up the Foundling Hospital in 1741 to look after these unwanted orphans in Lamb's Conduit Fields, Bloomsbury. This, the first such charity in the world, served as the precedent for incorporated associational charities in general. Jonas Hanway, another notable philanthropist of the Enlightenment era, established The Marine Society in 1756 as the first seafarer's charity, in a bid to aid the recruitment of men to the navy. By 1763 the Society had recruited over 10,000 men. Hanway was instrumental in establishing the Magdalen Hospital to rehabilitate prostitutes; these organizations were run as voluntary associations. They raised public awareness of their activities through the emerging popular press and were held in high social regard - some charities received state recognition in the form of the royal charter.
Charities began to adopt campaigning roles, where they would champion a cause and lobby the government for legislative change. This included organized campaigns against the ill treatment of animals and children and the campaign that succeeded at the turn of the 19th century in ending the slave trade throughout the British Empire and within its considerable sphere of influence; the Enlightenment saw growing philosophical debate between those who championed state intervention and those who believed that private charities should provide welfare. The Reverend Thomas Malthus, the political economist, criticized poor relief for paupers on economic and moral grounds and proposed leaving charity to the private sector, his views became influential and informed the Victorian laissez-faire attitude toward state intervention for the poor. During the 19th century a profusion of charitable organizations emerged to alleviate the awful conditions of the working class in the slums; the Labourer's Friend Society, chaired by Lord Shaftesbury in the United Kingdom in 1830, aimed to improve working-class conditions.
It promoted, for example, the allotment of land to labourers for "cottage husbandry" that became the allotment movement. In 1844 it became the first Model Dwellings Company - one of a group of organizations that sought to improve the housing conditions of the working classes by building new homes for them, at the same time receiving a competitive rate of return on any investment; this was one of the first housing associations, a philanthropic endeavour that flourished in the second half of the nineteenth century brought about by the growth of the middle class. Associations included the Peabody Trust and the Guinness Trust; the principle of philanthropic intention with capitalist return was given the label "five per cent philanthropy". There was strong growth in municipal charities; the Brougham Commission led on to the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, which reorganized
DZBB, broadcasting as GMA Super Radyo DZBB 594, is a round-the-clock news-talk radio station based in Diliman, Quezon City, serving Mega Manila and neighbouring provinces. It is the flagship station of the Super Radyo stations, one of the assets of GMA News and Public Affairs, the news division owned by RGMA, a subsidiary of GMA Network Inc; the station's studio is located at the GMA Network Center, EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Quezon City, while its transmitter is located at Barangay Panghulo, Bulacan. DZBB marked its inaugural broadcast, as the station's signal was wafted on the air for the first time on March 1, 1950 by Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart, in a small office space in Calvo Building, Manila with second-hand equipment and an old, surplus radio transmitter; the station was broadcasting on the frequency of 580 kHz. Despite the scarcity of new broadcasting facilities, the station has scored many milestones with its news, Congressional coverage, breaking news and blow-by-blow accounts of major national events.
It was a pioneer with trendsetting shows such as Camay Theater of the Air, Lovingly Yours, Kahapon Lamang, Tawag ng Tanghalan and Kwentong Kutsero. Some of these shows became television shows. DZBB was the first to air live coverage of not only news and public affairs, but entertainment and educational programmes. In 1957, DZBB moved to its current home at EDSA, Quezon City. Due to the success of DZBB, Stewart ventured into television on October 29, 1961 as DZBB-TV Channel 7 with the branding of RBS-7; the station was closed in September 1972 due to Martial Law. Two years due to changes in media ownership laws, Channel 7, DZBB and their other sister provincial radio and television stations were sold to the triumvirate of Gilberto Duavit, Sr. Menardo Jimenez and Felipe Gozon. At the same time, DZBB returned to the airwaves under the branding "Dobol B", became a music-personality radio station; the station covered important news coverages during the 70s and the 80s. In November 1978, DZBB moved to the present frequency of 594 kHz, in response to the adoption of the 9 kHz spacing on AM radio stations in the Philippines under the Geneva Frequency Plan of 1975.
The station was rebranded as "Bisig Bayan" from July 17, 1989 to January 3, 1999. Their new identity made the station more popular to radio listeners in Metro Manila. Rafael "Paeng" Yabut, Bobby Guanzon, Lito Villarosa, Rene Jose, Rey Pacheco, Raul Virtudazo, Jimmy Gil, Arman Roque, Rose "Manang Rose" Clores, German Moreno, Inday Badiday, Helen Vela, Augusto Victa, Pol Caguiat were the personalities of the Bisig Bayan years. In the early 1990s, DZBB evolved into a 24-hour round-the-clock broadcasting service, in order to keep up with the pace of delivering news to its listeners, came out with Kape at Balita, a morning news/commentary/talk show hosted by Bobby Guanzon and GMA News reporter Jessica Soho in 1992, which expanded to television the same year. On January 4, 1999, the station was once again rebranded as "Super Radyo DZBB 594". Much of their programming focuses on news and current events, it still simulcasts GMA and GMA News TV programs such as 24 Oras and Balitanghali. In 2010, for the first time in Philippine radio history, DZBB and its rival station DZMM of ABS-CBN made history as they joined forces in the name of public service.
Two children named James and Jesus asked for help to find their missing parents named Pascual and Norma Bantillan from Bohol on a rival program on DZMM Aksyon Ngayon Global Patrol and were reunited through DZBB's program Aksyon Oro Mismo. In 2014, DZBB kept its winning streak in Mega Manila as it continued to lead rival stations in ratings, according to data from Nielsen Media Research. DZBB grabbed the lead in Mega Manila in June 2014 and has since sustained leadership in the area, which it repeated in 2017. In 2017, DZBB launched its new logo and its first jingle for the station and its newly renovated radio booth, as well as the relaunch of Dobol B sa News TV, after 5 years of hiatus on television. DZBB's programs are news, current issues, news analysis produced by the GMA News and Public Affairs department, their morning radio shows were anchored by news anchors and personalities from television. The station has a newscast entitled Super Balita, as well as a simulcast of news and public affairs programs of GMA Network.
On some occasions, DZBB would air live and exclusive blow-by-blow boxing coverage during Manny Pacquiao's fights. As such, DZBB became the first radio station to do so; as of 2018, DZBB live streams select programs on its official FB page. Arnold Clavio Mike Enriquez Manolo Favis Eddie Ilarde Joel Reyes Zobel Ali Sotto Nathaniel Cruz Melo del Prado Rene Sta. Cruz Weng Salvacion Norilyn Temblor Jimmy Gil Susan Enriquez Lala Roque Orly Trinidad Benjie Alejandro Kiko Flores Long Tall Howard Shirley Escalante Paolo Villena Kaye Morales Zen Obanil Tootie Janna Chu Chu Mega Oh Lala Mama Emma Papa Marky Benjie Liwanag Nimfa Ravelo Tuesday Niu Carlo Mateo Mao Dela Cruz Allan Gatus Sam Nielsen Olan Bola Manny Vargas Glen Juego Rod Vega Divine Reyes Luisito Santos Mark Makalalad Jonathan Andal Julee Ann Mae Cabrera Isa Avendaño-Umali Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart Inday Badiday Johnny Midnight German Moreno Jay Sonza Raul Virtudazo Henry Jones Ragas Ely Cruz Ramirez Mel Tiangco (former EVP and COO of GMA Kapuso Foundation anchor of 24 Oras and h
Quezon City is the most populous and a urbanized city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Manila as the national capital; the city was proclaimed as such in 1948. However, since all government buildings are still in Manila, many functions of national government remained there. Quezon City held the status as the official capital until 1976 when a presidential decree was issued to designate Manila as the capital and Metro Manila as the seat of government, it is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon Province, named after the president. Quezon City now hosts a number of government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex, the Quezon City Reception House. Quezon City serves as home to the University of the Philippines Diliman—the national university—and Ateneo de Manila University.
The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national shrine located in Quezon City. The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road, its main feature is a mausoleum containing the remains of President Quezon and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon. Before Quezon City was created, its land was settled by the small individual towns of San Francisco del Monte and Balintawak. On August 23, 1896, the Katipunan, led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio, launched the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire at the house of Melchora Aquino in Pugad Lawin. In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country to replace Manila, it is believed that his earlier trip in Mexico influenced his vision. In 1938, President Quezon created the People's Homesite Corporation and purchased 15.29 km2 from the vast Diliman Estate of the Tuason family. The National Assembly of the Philippines passed Commonwealth Act 502, known as the Charter of Quezon City proposed as "Balintawak City.
President Quezon allowed the bill to lapse into law without his signature on October 12, 1939, thus establishing Quezon City. When Quezon City was created in 1939, the following barrios or sitios: Balingasa, Galas, Kangkong, La Loma, Masambong, San Isidro, San Jose and Tatalon from Caloocan. Instead of opposing them, the six towns willingly gave land to Quezon City in the belief that it would benefit the country's new capital. However, in 1941, the area within Wack Wack Golf and Country Club was reverted to Mandaluyong, Barangka and Jesus de la Peña to Marikina. In addition, the land of Camp Crame was part of San Juan. On 1 January 1942, President Quezon issued an executive order from the tunnel of Corregidor designating Jorge Vargas Mayor of Greater Manila, a new political entity comprising, aside from Manila proper, Quezon City, Pasay, San Juan, Mandaluyong and Parañaque. Greater Manila would be expanded to include Las Piñas, Navotas. Imperial Japanese forces occupied Quezon City in 1942 during World War II.
In October of that year, the Japanese authorities divided the City of Greater Manila into twelve districts, two of which were formed from Quezon City: Balintawak which consisted of San Francisco del Monte, La Loma. In 1945, combined Filipino and American troops under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Constabulary, with help from recognized guerrilla units and recaptured Quezon City in a few months, expelling Imperial Japanese forces. Heavy fighting occurred near Novaliches, which at that time was in Rizal Province, New Manila, a strongpoint. Toward the end of the Battle of Manila, Pres. Sergio Osmeña dissolved the Greater Manila Complex, which included the Japanese-created districts of Balintawak and Diliman, formed from the prewar Quezon City. After the war, Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan–Quezon City boundary, was signed by President Elpidio Quirino on July 17, 1948, declaring Quezon City to be the national capital, specifying the city's area to be 156.60 km2.
The barrios of Baesa, Banlat, Novaliches Proper, Pasong Putik, Pasong Tamo, Pugad Lawin, San Bartolome and Talipapa, which belonged to Novaliches and had a combined area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan and ceded to Quezon City. This caused the territorial division of Caloocan into two non-contiguous parts, the South section being the more urbanized part, the North half being sub-rural. On June 16, 1950, the Quezon City Charter was revised by Republic Act No. 537, changing the city's boundaries to an area of 153.59 km2. Six years after on Ju
Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies. The aim is to reduce the harmful effects including disasters; the World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, immediate measures need to be taken to prevent that state turning into a disaster. Thus, emergency management is crucial to avoid the disruption transforming into a disaster, harder to recover from. Emergency management should not be equated to disaster management. Emergency planning, a discipline of urban planning and design, first aims to prevent emergencies from occurring, failing that, should develop a good action plan to mitigate the results and effects of any emergencies; as time goes on, more data become available through the study of emergencies as they occur, a plan should evolve. The development of emergency plans is a cyclical process, common to many risk management disciplines, such as business continuity and security risk management, as set out below: Recognition or identification of risks Ranking or evaluation of risks Responding to significant risks Tolerating Treating Transferring Terminating Resourcing controls and planning Reaction planning Reporting and monitoring risk performance Reviewing the risk management frameworkThere are a number of guidelines and publications regarding emergency planning, published by professional organizations such as ASIS, National Fire Protection Association, the International Association of Emergency Managers.
There are few emergency management specific standards, emergency management as a discipline tends to fall under business resilience standards. In order to avoid or reduce significant losses to a business, emergency managers should work to identify and anticipate potential risks. In the event that an emergency does occur, managers should have a plan prepared to mitigate the effects of that emergency, as well as to ensure business continuity of critical operations after the incident, it is essential for an organization to include procedures for determining whether an emergency situation has occurred and at what point an emergency management plan should be activated. An emergency plan must be maintained, in a structured and methodical manner, to ensure it is up-to-date in the event of an emergency. Emergency managers follow a common process to anticipate, prevent, prepare and recover from an incident. Cleanup during disaster recovery involves many occupational hazards; these hazards are exacerbated by the conditions of the local environment as a result of the natural disaster.
While individual workers should be aware of these potential hazards, employers are responsible for minimizing exposure to these hazards and protecting workers, when possible. This includes identification and thorough assessment of potential hazards, application of appropriate personal protective equipment, the distribution of other relevant information in order to enable safe performance of the work. Maintaining a safe and healthy environment for these workers ensures that the effectiveness of the disaster recovery is unaffected. Flood-associated injuries: Flooding disasters expose workers to trauma from sharp and blunt objects hidden under murky waters causing lacerations, as well as open and closed fractures; these injuries are further exacerbated with exposure to the contaminated waters, leading to increased risk for infection. When working around water, there is always the risk of drowning. In addition, the risk of hypothermia increases with prolonged exposure to water temperatures less than 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Non-infectious skin conditions may occur including miliaria, immersion foot syndrome, contact dermatitis. Earthquake-associated injuries: The predominant injuries are related to building structural components, including falling debris with possible crush injury, trapped under rubble and electric shock. Chemicals can pose a risk to human health. After a natural disaster, certain chemicals can be more prominent in the environment; these hazardous materials can be released indirectly. Chemical hazards directly released after a natural disaster occur concurrent with the event so little to no mitigation actions can take place for mitigation. For example, airborne magnesium, chloride and ammonia can be generated by droughts. Dioxins can be produced by forest fires, silica can be emitted by forest fires. Indirect release of hazardous chemicals can be unintentionally released. An example of intentional release is insecticides used after a flood or chlorine treatment of water after a flood. Unintentional release is.
The chemical released is toxic and serves beneficial purpose when released to the environment. These chemicals can be controlled through engineering to minimize their release when a natural disaster strikes. An example of this is agrochemicals from inundated storehouses or manufacturing facilities poisoning the floodwaters or asbestos fibers released from a building collapse during a hurricane; the flowchart to the right has been adopted from research performed by Stacy Young, et al. and can be found here. Exposure limits Below are TLV-TWA, PEL, IDLH values for common chemicals workers are exposed to after a natural disaster. Direct release Magnesium Phosphorus Ammonia SilicaIntentional release Insecticides Chlorine dioxideUnintentional release Crude oil components Benzene, N-hexane, hydrogen sulfi
GMA Artist Center
GMA Artist Center is a talent agency and producer in the Philippines based in Metro Manila, founded in 1997. It produced its first batch of talents in 1998 and was headed by Wyngard Tracy; when Felipe Gozon took over as GMA Network's President and CEO, GMAAC was headed by Ida Henares from 2003-2013. GMAAC provides actors and directors for film outfits such as for Regal Entertainment and for GMA Films, singers for GMA Records. For 2011, GMA Artist Center's slogan is "Making Stars Shine"