The Renaissance Jurist of the 21st Century was the 21st Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Philippines. Panganiban was born on December 7,1937 in Manila to a poor family and his parents were Artemio Panganiban Sr. and Patricia Villaseñor. He graduated with Honorable Mention at the Juan Luna Elementary School in 1950 and he finished with Honorable Mention at the Victorino Mapa High School in 1954. He earned a degree of Associate in Arts “With Highest Honors and he earned a degree of Bachelor of Laws, and graduated cum laude at the Far Eastern University in 1960. Prior to his graduation, he was named as the 1959 most outstanding student of Far Eastern University, at the 1960 Philippine Bar Examination, he placed 6th, with a rating of 89. 55%. In 1997, he was given a doctorate degree in law by the University of Iloilo. Art was conferred the Doctor of Laws, by Far Eastern University, in 2002, by University of Cebu, in 2006, by Angeles University, in 2006, and by the Bulacan State University, in 2006.
Panganiban started as an Associate Lawyer and apprentice of Jovito Salonga at the Salonga, Ordoñez, in 1963, he formed his own law firm PABLAW, which he headed until he joined the Supreme Court in 1995. He became the president of the Legal Management Council of the Philippines from 1976 to 1977. He was the Vice President for Legal Affairs and General Counsel, Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1991–1995. He was Chief Legal Counsel of the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting, 1991–1995, and he was Legal Counsel of the Manila Archdiocesan and Parochial Schools Association – MAPSA from May 7,1993 – October 9,1995. He taught law and political science at the Far Eastern University, Assumption Convent and he became a bank director of the International Corporate Bank from 1972 to 1974. From 1978 to 1981 he was a consultant of the World Tourism Organization and was a consul of the Republic of Honduras from 1981 to 1983. He was the president of Arpan Tourism Industries Corp. from 1974 to 1993, Panganiban was the Chief legal counsel of the Liberal Party from 1987 to 1991 and was president of the Philippine Daily Inquirer from 1991 to 1992.
He was the governor of the Management Association of the Philippines and he was the former president of Philippine-Finland Association and RCM Eyebank Foundation Inc. Panganibans 2008 occupation is, Philippine Daily Inquirer column writer, consultant and/or independent director of business, non-government. Panganiban was named as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1995, Justice Panganiban was the chairperson of the Supreme Court Third Division and the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, as well as of seven SC committees involved mainly in judicial reforms. Panganiban was known for his role in helping install Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as President in 2001 after the downfall of Joseph Estrada
An Overseas Filipino is a person of Filipino origin who lives outside of the Philippines. In 2013, the Commission on Filipinos Overseas estimated that approximately 10.2 million people of Filipino descent lived or worked abroad, remittances by unofficial, including illegal, channels are estimated by the Asian Bankers Association to be 30 to 40% higher than the official BSP figure. In 2011, remittances were US$20.117 billion, in 2012, approximately 80% of the remittances came from only 7 countries—United States and Canada, the United Kingdom, UAE and Saudi Arabia and Japan. Employment conditions abroad are relevant to the worker and their families as well as for the sending country and its economic growth. Poor working conditions for Filipinos hired abroad include long hours, low wages, women often face disadvantages in their employment conditions as they tend to work in the elder/child care and domestic. These occupations are considered low skilled and require little education and training, women facing just working conditions are more likely to provide their children with adequate nutrition, better education and sufficient health.
There is a correlation between womens rights and the overall well being of children. It is therefore a question to promote womens rights in order to promote childrens capabilities. Philippine Labor Migration Policy has historically focused on removing barriers for migrant workers to increase accessibility for employment abroad, working conditions among Filipinos employed abroad varies depending on whether the host country acknowledges and enforces International labor standards. The standards are set by the ILO, which is an UN agency that 185 of the 193 UN members are part of, Labor standards vary greatly depending on host country regulations and enforcement. One of the reasons for the large differences in labor standards is due to the fact that ILO only can register complaints. Emigration policies tend to differ within countries depending on if the occupation is mainly dominated by men or women, as women regularly are seen as symbols of national pride and dignity governments tend to have more protective policies in sectors dominated by women.
These policies risk to increase gender inequality in the Philippines and thereby this public policy work against women joining the workforce, the Philippine government has recently opened up their public policy to promote women working abroad since the worlds demand for domestic workers and healthcare workers has increased. This has led to the government reporting a recent increase in women emigrating from the Philippines, a healthcare problem arises as migrating women from the Philippines and other developing countries often create a nursing shortage in the home country. Nurse to patient ratio is down to 1 nurse to between 40 and 60 patients, in the 1990s the ratio was 1 nurse to between 15 and 20 patients and it seems inevitable that the healthcare sector losses experienced nurses as the emigration is increasing. The Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement is seen as a failure by most since only 7% of applicants or 200 nurses a year has been accepted on average, mainly due to resistance by domestic stakeholders and failed program implementation.
The Japanese Nursing Association supports equal or better working conditions and salaries for Filipino nurses, yagi propose more flexible wages to make Filipinos more attractive on the Japanese job market. Wealthier households derive a larger share of their income from abroad and this might suggest that government policies in host countries favor capital-intensive activities
Filipino Americans are Americans of Filipino descent. The term Filipino American is sometimes shortened to Fil-Ams, or Pinoy, according to Filipino American historian Dawn Mabalon, the earliest appearance of the term Pinoy, was in a 1926 issue of the Filipino Student Bulletin. The article that featured the terms, is titled, Filipino Women in U. S, excel in Their Courses, Invade Business, Politics. Some Filipinos believe that the term Pinoy was coined by Filipinos who came to the United States to distinguish themselves from Filipinos living in the Philippines, Filipinos in North America were first documented in the 16th century, with small settlements beginning in the 18th century. Mass migration did not begin until the early 20th Century when the Philippines was ceded from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris, Philippine independence was recognized by the United States on July 4,1946. Immigration was reduced significantly during the 1930s, except for those who served in the United States Navy, Filipino sailors were the first Asians in North America.
Mass migration began in the early 20th century when, for a following the 1898 Treaty of Paris. During the 1920s, a majority of Filipino workers who arrived in the United States lacked necessary training, after independence in 1946, Filipino American numbers continued to grow. The population of Filipino immigrant workers, as well the quality of their skills, improved following the passing of the Immigration Act of 1965. The 2010 Census counted 3.4 million Filipino Americans, while the United States Department of State in 2011 estimated the total at 4 million, the total at 4 million, or 1. 1% of the U. S. population. They are the second largest self-reported Asian ancestry group after Chinese Americans according to 2010 American Community Survey. They are the largest population of Overseas Filipinos, significant populations of Filipino Americans can be found in California, the New York metropolitan area and Illinois. The history of Spanish and American rule and contact with merchants, Filipino American cultural identity has been described as fluid, adopting aspects from various cultures, that said there has not been significant research into the culture of Filipino Americans.
In areas of sparse Filipino population, they often form loosely-knit social organizations aimed at maintaining a sense of family and these organizations generally arrange social events, especially of a charitable nature, and keep members up-to-date with local events. Organizations are often organized into regional associations, the associations are a small part of Filipino American life. Filipino Americans formed close-knit neighborhoods, notably in California and Hawaii, a few communities have Little Manilas and business districts tailored for the Filipino American community. Reflecting its 333 years of Spanish rule, many Filipinos adopted Hispanic surnames, due to the legacy of colonization, Filipinos are considered Latinos of Asia. Despite being from Asia, Filipinos are sometimes called Latinos due to their relationship to Spanish colonialism
GMA Network (company)
GMA Network Inc. is a Filipino media company based in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It is primary involved in radio and television broadcasting, with subsidiaries dealing in various related businesses. The majority of its profits are derived from publicity and marketing incomes associated to television distribution, the company is a publicly traded company on the Philippine Stock Exchange. The companys roots can be traced back to Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. owned by Robert Uncle Bob Stewart, the company started with the launching of its first AM radio station in Manila through Radio Broadcasting Station, DZBB. It went on air on March 1,1950 using the frequency of 580 kHz of the AM band, broadcasting from the Calvo Building in Escolta, Manila. Its early radio coverage highlights were the crash of President Ramon Magsaysays plane in Mount Manunggal, DZBB became the first radio station in the Philippines to use telephones for live interviews. Within years since its first broadcasts, the triumph of the station and its growing number of listeners made clear the move to modern facilities in EDSA, Quezon City.
On October 29,1961, the company launched its first television station, in 1963, DYSS Television was launched in Cebu. Also in the year, from Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. In 1975, a composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr. Menardo Jimenez. In 1996, the changed its corporate identity to GMA Network Inc. GMA Network is a major Philippine commercial television network, launched on October 29,1961, GMA Network is referred to as the “Kapuso Network” in reference to the company’s logo. Its headquarters can be found at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City, on February 14,2004, GMA Network Inc. launches its first international channel, GMA Pinoy TV. The channel is targeted toward Filipino communities worldwide, flagship programs from GMA Network are shown aside from in-house programming. In addition, it syndicates shows, GMA Pinoy TV is available in key cities in the United States, Middle East and some parts of Asia and Europe. In February 2008, GMA Network Inc. launches its second international channel via GMA Life TV and it carries programming from GMA Network and from its former lifestyle channel in the Philippines, Q.
It carries new programs broadcast by the channel, GMA News TV. GMA Life TV is available through satellite and cable TV system worldwide, on February 28,2011, GMA Network Inc. launched its news and lifestyle oriented channel, GMA News TV on local VHF channel 11
DZBB, broadcasting as GMA Super Radyo DZBB594, is a 24/7 news-talk radio station based in Diliman, Quezon City, aimed at the Mega Manila market. It is the station of the Super Radyo Stations. It is a part of GMA News and Public Affairs, the news division owned by RGMA, the stations studio is located at the GMA Network Center, EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Quezon City, while its transmitter is located at Barangay Panghulo, Bulacan. DZBB was established on March 1,1950 by Robert Uncle Bob Stewart, in an office space in Calvo Building, Manila with mostly second-hand equipment. The station was broadcasting on the frequency of 580 kHz. It pioneered with trendsetting shows such as Camay Theater of the Air, Lovingly Yours, Kahapon Lamang, Tawag ng Tanghalan, some of these shows eventually went to television. DZBB was the first to air live coverage extended not just to news and public affairs, in 1957, DZBB moved to its new and current home at EDSA, Quezon City. Due to the success of DZBB, Stewart ventured into television on October 29,1961 as DZBB-TV Channel 7 with the branding of RBS-7, the station was seized and closed in September 1972 due to Martial Law.
Two years later, Channel 7, DZBB and other radio and television stations were eventually sold to the triumvirate of Gilberto Duavit, Sr. Menardo Jimenez. At the same time, DZBB returned to the airwaves under the branding Dobol B, in 1979, DZBB moved to the present frequency of 594 kHz, in response to the adoption of the 9 kHz spacing on AM radio stations in the Philippines. The station was known as Bisig Bayan from July 17,1989 to January 3,1999 and their new identity made the station more popular to radio listeners in Metro Manila. On January 4,1999, the station was renamed Super Radyo DZBB594, much of their programming focuses on news and current events, and it still simulcasts GMA and GMA News TV programs such as 24 Oras, Saksi and Celebri-TV. In 2010, for the first time in Philippine radio history, DZBB, in 2014, DZBB kept its winning streak in Mega Manila as it continued to lead rival stations in ratings, according to data from Nielsen Media Research. DZBB grabbed the lead in Mega Manila in June 2014 and has since sustained leadership in the area, dZBBs programs are mostly news, current issues, and news analysis produced by the GMA News and Public Affairs department.
Their morning radio shows were anchored mostly by news anchors and personalities from television, the station has a newscast entitled Super Balita, as well as a simulcast of news and public affairs programs of GMA Network. On some occasions, DZBB would air live blow-by-blow boxing coverage, especially during Manny Pacquiaos fights, as such, DZBB became the first radio station to do so
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, commonly referred to by its acronym EDSA, is a limited-access circumferential highway around Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is the longest and the most congested highway in the metropolis, the entire road itself is a part of the Circumferential Road 4 system, a network of roads and bridges that acts as the fourth beltway for the City of Manila. It is a component of N1 of the Philippine highway network. The decent economic growth of the areas around the avenue adds a significant volume of traffic on the avenue, and in recent estimates, and an average of 2.34 million vehicles go through it every day. EDSA is a carriageway, often consisting of 12 lanes,6 in either direction. EDSA is not an expressway, but traffic rules and speed limits are implemented to the vehicles that pass along it. It is operated by the Metro Manila Development Authority and is maintained and constantly being repaired by the Department of Public Works, EDSA starts from the Bonifacio Monument Roundabout in Gracepark, adjacent to the Apolonio Samson Road, the western side of the C-4 Road.
The roundabout is the marker of the 1896 Revolution by Andres Bonifacio, the 1.7 kilometers of the road are in Caloocan. The Avenue will enter Quezon City through the Balintawak District, EDSA crosses much of the northern part of Quezon City, passing through the Project 6 and Muñoz districts. It sharply curves southwards after crossing the North Avenue-West Avenue Intersection in the Triangle Business Park, on the north side of EDSA is the SM City North EDSA. In front of it is the TriNoma mall and the Eton Centris or Centris Walk and it continues through the district of Cubao, entering the Araneta Center after crossing the Aurora Boulevard Tunnel. In Cubao, several malls and offices are located, most notably the Smart Araneta Coliseum, the Avenue curves southwards and enters the Santolan and Socorro districts, where the twin military bases of Camp Rafael Crame and Camp Aguinaldo, are located. The Greenhills Shopping Center and the Eastwood City are located nearby, EDSA continues on its route and serves as the boundary of the cities of San Juan and Quezon City.
The People Power Monument can be seen on the side of EDSA in the White Plains Avenue junction. After the 11 kilometers of EDSA in Quezon City, the Avenue will eventually leave the city, EDSA enters Mandaluyong after crossing the borders of the Ortigas Center. It curves smoothly westwards after it crosses the Pioneer Street and it enters the city of Makati after crossing the Pasig River, passing through the districts of Guadalupe and Magallanes. In Guadalupe, EDSA provides access to the Rockwell Center, a major business park in Makati. The highway provides access to the city of Taguig
GMA Network Center
The GMA Network Center is the headquarters of the GMA Network, a major radio and television network in the Philippines. It is located at EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Quezon City and it is the networks main television and radio production center, and its main transmission facility for most of Metro Manila. The building houses Super Radyo DZBB594 AM, Barangay LS-FM97.1, GMA-7, the center housed the UHF channel DWDB-TV27. GMA inaugurated the facility on June 14,2000, the birthdate of GMA Network, although the Network Center was inaugurated in 2000, GMA has held office in its current EDSA headquarters since 1957, having moved from the Calvo Building in Escolta, Manila. The Center serves as the Corporate Headquarters for the network and houses radio stations Super Radyo DZBB594 AM and Barangay LS97.1 FM, a convenience store and a coffee shop services the employees who work in the center. On the buildings courtside is a sculpture by artist Eduardo Castrillo, in 2006, on an 18, 404-square-meter complex, GMA built a 3, 000-square meter 4-storey structure beside the old network complex.
The structure houses two state-of-the art soundstages, one of which can accommodate up to 1,000 studio audience, a bridge connects the new building to the rest of the compound. The new structure costs as much as PhP1 billion, the new GMA Network Studios was unveiled on Friday, October 17,2008 with a red carpet event. And the tour of the new studio was shown in GMA Pinoy TV, worldwide by the famous Bubble Gang characters and Yaya, theyve shown the features of the studio and theyve shown the dance studio where the audience including Felipe Gozon watched them dance. The Studio 6 of the Annex currently houses Wowowin, and the Studio 7 used for Sunday PinaSaya, on March 24,2014, GMA Network launched its own version of Walk of Fame outside Network Center, over 190 celebrities and news & public affairs personalities received the plaque. The concept of this Walk of Fame was done by the late German Kuya Germs Moreno who was behind the Eastwood Citys Walk of Fame
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay and Islamic nations occurred, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Sultans or Lakans.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.
Negritos were among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
DWLS is a commercial radio station which broadcasts an OPM and Top 40 format. Since February 2014, it serves as the flagship FM station of RGMA and it first aired in 1955, when Uncle Bob Stewart opened the DZXX-AM890 kHz station, the first pop music station in the country on AM format. On September 1,1976, GMA launched DWLS-FM on 97.1 as an MOR station and it lasted until February 28,1986, a few days after the EDSA Revolution when The Giant 97.1 WLS-FM was born and CHR format is introduced. When GMA was renamed as the Rainbow Satellite Network in the early 1992 and this was to target teens & early adults. Despite Campus Radios dominant ratings performance in the pop category, GMAs FM radio sales unit failed to sell the format. With consistently low sales figures, this paved the way for Mike Enriquez to successfully persuade the networks upper management to agree to shift WLS to a more profitable masa format. Last January 16,2008 at around 6 pm, the station launched its new tagline, on January 17,2011, facing competition with the latest masa stations, the new tagline Tugstugan Na. was launched and the station adapted the crazy fun sound brand in the market.
Mike Enriquez was replaced by Glenn F. Allona as program director/station manager, on February 17,2014, Barangay LS97.1 was rebranded with reformatted programs, new jingle, a new logo & a new slogan called Isang Bansa, Isang Barangay. Also,15 Barangay FM radio stations owned by Radio GMA formerly named as Campus Radio (including 99.5 RT for Cebu,103.5 Wow FM for Davao, Radio GMA provincial FM radio stations finally adopted the Barangay FM branding. Following the relaunch, a TV commercial of Barangay FM featuring Alden Richards, Pauleen Luna, GMA Network GMA News TV GMA Pinoy TV Super Radyo DZBB594 DZBB-TV Official website
Filipinos are the people who are identified with the country of the Philippines, either through descent or citizenship. Filipinos come from different ethnolinguistic nations, there are more than 175 ethnolinguistic nations, each with its own language, identity and history. The modern Filipino identity, with its Austronesian roots, was developed in conjunction with Spanish, the Philippines was a Spanish colony for 333 years, setting a foundation for contemporary Filipino culture. Under Spanish rule, most of the Filipino populace embraced Roman Catholicism, almost all Filipinos adopted Spanish surnames from the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos published in 1849 by the Spanish colonial government. As neither past governments nor the modern Philippine Statistics Authority account for the background of an individual. The lack of the letter F in the pre-1987 Philippine alphabet, upon official adoption of the modern, 28-letter Filipino alphabet in 1987, the name Filipino was preferred over Pilipino.
However the ABAKADA is only the Alphabet of the Tagalogs as other Ethnic Nations have their own alphabet and/or writing script, use of the term Filipino in the Philippines started during the Spanish colonial period. The original meaning was a person of Spanish descent born in the Philippines and this original usage is now archaic and obsolete. Historian Ambeth Ocampo has suggested that the first documented use of the word to refer to Indios was the Spanish language poem A la juventud filipina, published in 1879 by José Rizal. A number of Filipinos refer to themselves colloquially as Pinoy, which is a word formed by taking the last four letters of Filipino. The term, although in popular usage, is considered by some Filipinos as a racial slur. Other collective endonyms for the Filipino people include, Patria Adorada as popularized by Jose Rizal through his poem Mi último adiós, in 2010, a metatarsal from Callao Man, discovered in 2007, was dated through uranium-series dating as being 67,000 years old.
Prior to that, the earliest human remains found in the Philippines were thought to be the fragments of a skull and jawbone. Fox, an anthropologist from the National Museum, anthropologists who examined these remains agreed that they belonged to modern human beings. These include the Homo sapiens, as distinguished from the mid-Pleistocene Homo erectus species, the Tabon Man fossils are considered to have come from a third group of inhabitants, who worked the cave between 22,000 and 20,000 BCE. An earlier cave level lies so far below the level containing cooking fire assemblages that it must represent Upper Pleistocene dates like 45 or 50 thousand years ago, researchers say this indicates that the human remains were pre-Mongoloid, from about 40,000 years ago. Fluctuations in ancient shorelines between 150,000 BP and 17,000 BP connected the Malay Archipelago region with Maritime Southeast Asia and this may have enabled ancient migrations into the Philippines from Maritime Southeast Asia approximately 50,000 BP to 13,000 BP.
A January 2009 study of language phylogenies by R. D and this was a two-pronged expansion, which moved north through the Philippines and into Taiwan, while a second expansion prong spread east along the New Guinea coast and into Oceania and Polynesia
GMA New Media
GMA New Media, Inc. is a Filipino media company owned by GMA Network Inc. which offers interactive applications in the television, web and online gaming industry. Its headquarters are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City, audition Dance Battle Band Master NBA Street Online O2 Jam Top Speed Digify, Inc. Digify is a subsidiary of GMA New Media that specializes in solutions for digital and integrated marketing campaigns for mobile, web. Gamespan is a joint venture of GMA New Media and Manila Jockey Club, gamspan operates and manages the computer systems owned by Manila Jockey Club and the infrastructure for taking bets in horse racing and other sports. Philippine Entertainment Portal is a joint venture of Summit Media and GMA New Media which operates Philippine Entertainment Portal, X-Play was a joint venture of GMA New Media, Inc. and IP E-Game Ventures Inc. at present X-Play now operates under IP Ventures Inc. GMA New Media, Inc. on Google Play GMA New Media Website