The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California. It is the headquarters of the Al Malaikah Temple, a division of the Shriners, it was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1975. Opened in 1926, the current Shrine Auditorium replaced an earlier 1906 Al Malaikah Temple, destroyed by a fire on January 11, 1920; the fire gutted the structure in just 30 minutes, nearly killed six firefighters in the process. The new auditorium was designed in the Moorish Revival style by San Francisco-based theater architect G. Albert Lansburgh, with local architects John C. Austin and A. M. Edelman associated; when built, the auditorium could hold 1,200 people on stage and seat an audience of 6,442. An engineer who consulted on the project said that the steel truss supporting the balcony was the largest constructed. In 2002, the auditorium underwent a $15 million renovation that upgraded the stage with state-of-the-art lighting and rigging systems, included new roofing and air conditioning for both the Auditorium and Expo Center, modernized concession stands, additional restrooms, repainting of the Expo Center, a new performance plaza and parking garage.
The entire complex follows a Moroccan architectural motif. The Shrine Auditorium seats 6,300 people and has a stage 194 feet wide and 69 feet deep; the Auditorium features two boxes above the orchestra level holding 40 people each and seven loges on the balcony holding between 36 and 47 seats each. Of the remaining seats, 2,964 are on 2,982 on the balcony level; the Shrine Auditorium has hosted a number of events for entertainment. The Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Shrine from 1947 to 1948 and eight times between 1988 and 2001 until it permanently moved to the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood; the Shrine hosted fifteen Grammy ceremonies until 2000 when the Grammys moved to the nearby Staples Center. The Primetime Emmy Awards were held at the venue for a decade beginning in 1998. However, the Primetime ceremony moved to the nearby Microsoft Theater. Other entertainment events the Shrine has hosted include the Grammy Awards, the American Music Awards, the BET Awards, the NAACP Image Awards, the People's Choice Awards, the Soul Train Music Awards, My VH1 Music Awards in 2000 and 2001, the Screen Actors Guild Awards.
For 33 years, the Shrine Auditorium was home to the University of Southern California Trojans basketball team. The Trojans' home court was on the Shrine's stage; the Los Angeles Lakers briefly played some playoff games in the theatre, when the nearby Los Angeles Sports Arena was unavailable. The Shrine Circus, stage shows and other events are held here; the Shrine Auditorium was the venue for the 55th Miss Universe beauty pageant. The 1933 movie King Kong filmed the audience in the Shrine Auditorium for the scenes where Kong was displayed manacled on stage. In 1953, segments of Judy Garland's movie classic A Star Is Born were filmed at the Shrine. December 4, 1953: Annual Los Angeles Examiner Christmas Show, benefitting children. Marilyn Monroe, Jack Benny & Danny Thomas were among the stars. In 1955, The Great Shrine Auditorium Concert took place, considered a major event in the histories of both American gospel and secular music; the event featured several gospel acts including Dorothy Love Coates & The Original Gospel Harmonettes, Brother Joe May, The Caravans, James Cleveland who would go on to become a gospel superstar.
The event featured a young Sam Cooke, at the time performing with the famous gospel group The Soul Stirrers. Cooke would become a legendary pop music star in his own right and would have a career that included over 30 Top 40 hits and an induction, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as part of their inaugural class. On June 8, 1956, Elvis Presley held his first Los Angeles concert at the Shrine. Ray Charles recorded his landmark Live in Concert album at the Shrine in 1964. In the late 1960s, the Shrine was referred to as "The Pinnacle" by the audiences of rock concerts. On August 24, 1968, The Grateful Dead performed there and recorded their show, released as a live album entitled Two from the Vault. On January 24, 1975, Genesis led by singer Peter Gabriel, gave a live performance of the conceptual progressive rock show, "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" at the Shrine; this concert was considered one of the major rock music events in Los Angeles that year, an audio recording of it was released in 1998 as part of a box set by the band's label.
1976 The Tubes played 2 shows a night. On January 27, 1984, Michael Jackson was filming a Pepsi commercial in the auditorium, when the pyrotechnics accidentally set his hair on fire, he suffered second-degree burns on his scalp as a result of the incident. On November 8–9, 1995, Fugazi performed two sold-out concerts at the venue; the auditorium has hosted KIIS-FM's Jingle Ball three times, on December 16, 2000, December 19, 2001 and December 6, 2005. The Shrine is featured in the video game Midnight Club: Los Angeles, part of its "South Central Map Expansion"; the 55th Miss Universe pageant was held there on July 23, 2006. In 1998, the Shrine held the KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas concert, which found a home at the Gibson Amphitheatre. With the announcement in 2013 that the Gibson Amphitheater was being torn down in order to construct a new Harry Potter attraction at Universal Studios, the concert returned to the Shrine. On August 10, 2014, it hosted the 2014 Teen Choice Awards. During even-numbered years, the Shrine hosts the annual MTV Movie Awards, wi
Leonard Alfred Schneider, better known by his stage name Lenny Bruce, was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, satirist. He was renowned for his open, free-style and critical form of comedy which integrated satire, religion and vulgarity, his 1964 conviction in an obscenity trial was followed by a posthumous pardon, the first in the history of New York state, by then-Governor George Pataki in 2003. Bruce is renowned for paving the way for future outspoken counterculture-era comedians, his trial for obscenity is seen as a landmark for freedom of speech in the United States. In 2017, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him third on its list of the 50 best stand-up comics of all time. Lenny Bruce was born Leonard Alfred Schneider to a Jewish family in Mineola, New York, grew up in nearby Bellmore, attended Wellington C. Mepham High School, his parents divorced before he turned 10, Lenny lived with various relatives over the next decade. His British-born father, Myron Schneider, was a shoe clerk and Lenny saw him infrequently.
Bruce's mother, Sally Marr, had an enormous influence on Bruce's career. After spending time working on a farm, Bruce joined the United States Navy at the age of 16 in 1942, saw active duty during World War II aboard the USS Brooklyn fighting in Northern Africa. In May 1945, after a comedic performance for his shipmates in which he was dressed in drag, his commanding officers became upset, he defiantly convinced his ship's medical officer. This led to his undesirable discharge in July 1945. However, he had not admitted to or been found guilty of any breach of naval regulations and applied to have his discharge changed to "Under Honorable Conditions... by reason of unsuitability for the naval service". In 1959, while taping the first episode of Hugh Hefner's Playboy's Penthouse, Bruce talked about his Navy experience and showed a tattoo he received in Malta in 1942. After a short stint in California spent living with his father, Bruce settled in New York City, hoping to establish himself as a comedian.
However, he found it difficult to differentiate himself from the thousands of other show business hopefuls who populated the city. One locale where they congregated was Hanson's, the diner where Bruce first met the comedian Joe Ancis, who had a profound influence on his approach to comedy. Many of Bruce's routines reflected his meticulous schooling at the hands of Ancis. According to Bruce's biographer Albert Goldman, Ancis's humor involved stream-of-consciousness sexual fantasies and references to jazz. Lenny took the stage as "Lenny Marsalle" one evening at the Victory Club, as a stand-in master of ceremonies for one of his mother's shows, his ad-libs earned him some laughs. Soon afterward, in 1947, just after changing his last name to Bruce, he earned $12 and a free spaghetti dinner for his first stand-up performance in Brooklyn, he was a guest—and was introduced by his mother, who called herself "Sally Bruce"—on the Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts radio program. Lenny did a bit inspired by Sid Caesar, "The Bavarian Mimic", featuring impressions of American movie stars.
Bruce's early comedy career included writing the screenplays for Dance Hall Racket in 1953, which featured Bruce, his wife Honey Harlow, mother Sally Marr in roles. In 1956 Frank Ray Perilli, a fellow nightclub comedian who became a screenwriter of two dozen successful films and plays, became a mentor and part-time manager of Lenny Bruce. Through Perilli, Bruce met and collaborated with photojournalist William Karl Thomas on three screenplays, none of which made it to the screen, the comedy material on the first three albums. Bruce was a roommate of Buddy Hackett in the 1950s, they appeared on the Patrice Munsel Show, calling their comedy duo the "Not Ready for Prime Time Players," 20 years before the cast of Saturday Night Live used the same name. In 1957 Thomas booked Bruce into The Slate Brothers nightclub, where Bruce was fired the first night for what Variety headlined as "blue material". Thomas shot other album covers, acted as cinematographer on abortive attempts to film their screenplays, in 1989 authored a memoir of their ten-year collaboration titled Lenny Bruce: The Making of a Prophet.
The 2016 biography of Frank Ray Perilli titled The Candy Butcher, devotes a chapter to Perilli's ten-year collaboration with Bruce. Bruce released a total of four albums of original material on Berkeley-based Fantasy Records, with rants, comic routines, satirical interviews on the themes that made him famous: jazz, moral philosophy, patriotism, law, abortion, the Ku Klux Klan, Jewishness; these albums were compiled and re-released as The Lenny Bruce Originals. Two records were produced and sold by Bruce himself, including a 10-inch album of the 1961 San Francisco performances that started his legal troubles. Starting in the late 1950s, other unissued Bruce material was released by Alan Douglas, Frank Zappa and Phil Spector, as well as Fantasy. Bruce developed the complexity and tone of his material in Enrico Banducci's North Beach nightclub, the "hungry i", where Mort Sahl had earlier made a name for himself. Branded a "sick comic", Br
Maxwell Lemuel Roach was an American jazz drummer and composer. A pioneer of bebop, he worked in many other styles of music, is considered alongside the most important drummers in history, he worked with many famous jazz musicians, including Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, Abbey Lincoln, Dinah Washington, Charles Mingus, Billy Eckstine, Stan Getz, Sonny Rollins, Eric Dolphy, Booker Little. He was inducted into the DownBeat Hall of Fame in 1980 and the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1992. Roach led his own groups, most notably a pioneering quintet co-led with trumpeter Clifford Brown and the percussion ensemble M'Boom, he made numerous musical statements relating to the civil rights movement. Max Roach was born to Alphonse and Cressie Roach in the Township of Newland, Pasquotank County, North Carolina, which borders the southern edge of the Great Dismal Swamp. Many confuse the Township of Newland with Newland Town in North Carolina.
Although his birth certificate lists his date of birth as January 10, 1924, Roach has been quoted by Phil Schaap as having stated that his family believed he was born on January 8, 1925. Roach's family moved to the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York when he was 4 years old, he grew up in his mother being a gospel singer. He started to play bugle in parade orchestras at a young age. At the age of 10, he was playing drums in some gospel bands. In 1942, as an 18-year-old graduated from Boys High School, he was called to fill in for Sonny Greer with the Duke Ellington Orchestra when they were performing at the Paramount Theater in Manhattan, he starting going to the jazz clubs on 52nd Street and at 78th Street & Broadway for Georgie Jay's Taproom, where he played with schoolmate Cecil Payne. His first professional recording took place in December 1943, he was one of the first drummers, along with Kenny Clarke. Roach performed in bands led by Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk, Coleman Hawkins, Bud Powell, Miles Davis.
He played on many of Parker's most important records, including the Savoy Records November 1945 session, which marked a turning point in recorded jazz. His early brush work with Powell's trio at fast tempos, has been praised. Roach studied classical percussion at the Manhattan School of Music from 1950 to 1953, working toward a Bachelor of Music degree; the school awarded him an Honorary Doctorate in 1990. In 1952, Roach co-founded Debut Records with bassist Charles Mingus; the label released a record of a May 15, 1953 concert billed as "the greatest concert ever", which came to be known as Jazz at Massey Hall, featuring Parker, Powell and Roach. Released on this label was the groundbreaking bass-and-drum free improvisation, Percussion Discussion. In 1954, Roach and trumpeter Clifford Brown formed a quintet that featured tenor saxophonist Harold Land, pianist Richie Powell, bassist George Morrow. Land was replaced by Sonny Rollins; the group was a prime example of the hard bop style played by Art Blakey and Horace Silver.
Brown and Powell were killed in a car accident on the Pennsylvania Turnpike in June 1956. The first album Roach recorded after their deaths was Max Roach + 4. After Brown and Powell's deaths, Roach continued leading a configured group, with Kenny Dorham on trumpet, George Coleman on tenor, pianist Ray Bryant. Roach expanded the standard form of hard bop using 3/4 waltz rhythms and modality in 1957 with his album Jazz in 3/4 Time. During this period, Roach recorded a series of other albums for EmArcy Records featuring the brothers Stanley and Tommy Turrentine. In 1955, he played drums for vocalist Dinah Washington at recordings, he appeared with Washington at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1958, filmed, at the 1954 live studio audience recording of Dinah Jams, considered to be one of the best and most overlooked vocal jazz albums of its genre. In 1960 he composed and recorded the album We Insist!, with vocals by his then-wife Abbey Lincoln and lyrics by Oscar Brown Jr. after being invited to contribute to commemorations of the hundredth anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation.
In 1962, he recorded a collaboration with Mingus and Duke Ellington. This is regarded as one of the finest trio albums recorded. During the 1970s, Roach formed a percussion orchestra; each member performed on multiple percussion instruments. Personnel included Fred King, Joe Chambers, Warren Smith, Freddie Waits, Roy Brooks, Omar Clay, Ray Mantilla, Francisco Mora, Eli Fountain. Long involved in jazz education, in 1972 Roach was recruited to the faculty of the University of Massachusetts Amherst by Chancellor Randolph Bromery, he taught at the university until the mid-1990s. In the early 1980s, Roach began presenting solo concerts, demonstrating that this multi-percussion instrument could fulfill the demands of solo performance and be satisfying to an audience, he created memorable compositions in these solo concert, a solo record was released by the Japanese jazz label Baystate. One of his solo concerts is available on video, which includes video of a recording date for Chattahoochee Red, featuring his working quartet, Odean Pope, Cecil Bridgewater, Calvin Hill.
Roach embarked on a series of duet recordings. Departing from the style he was best known for, most of the music on these recordings is free improvisation, created with Cecil
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Ida Lewis "Queen Ida" Guillory is a Louisiana Creole accordionist. She was the first female accordion player. Queen Ida's music is an eclectic mix of R&B, Cajun, though the presence of her accordion always keeps it traditional. Born Ida Lee Lewis to a musical family of rice farmers in Lake Charles, her family were Louisiana Creole people and her first language is French, her family moved to Beaumont, when she was ten and eight years moved to San Francisco, California. While her mother was an accordion player, women were not expected to play in public, Queen Ida learned from her brother Al Lewis known as Al Rapone. After marrying she raised her children and worked as a bus driver but sat in with her brother's Zydeco band cooking Louisiana cuisine for the band members, she was dubbed "Queen Ida" after being chosen queen of a Mardi Gras celebration. A year after her first appearance on stage Queen Ida and the Bon Temps Band signed with the record label GNP/Crescendo, her first record "Play the Zydeco" demonstrated her style combining Zydeco with a Tex Mex sound.
Queen Ida and her band played at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1976 and 1988, the San Francisco Blues Festival in 1975, 1978, 1991. In 1988, Queen Ida toured Japan, she in 1990 went to Australia and New Zealand. On the album Back on the Bayou, Queen Ida got together on the bayou in Louisiana with her brother, Al Rapone, for a zydeco reunion. Rapone wrote and produced for her and formed the Bon Temps Zydeco Band, which became Queen Ida's backup group. Doubling up on accordions with her oldest son Myrick "Freeze" Guillory, they are joined by Terry Buddingh on bass, James Santiago on guitar, Bernard Anderson on saxophone, Erik Nielsen on drums, her youngest daughter Ledra Guillory and son Ron "The Rock" Guillory on rub board and vocals; as "Queen Ida and the Bon Temps Zydeco Band," the ensemble was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live on November 23, 1985, with Paul Reubens as host. Queen Ida co-authored a cookbook, Cookin' with Queen Ida in 1990, which featured Creole recipes. Queen Ida continued to perform live through the 2000s, though she did not release any albums during this period, she has joined her son Myrick and his band onstage.
She retired from playing in 2010 and lives in the San Francisco Bay Area, where she enjoys cooking for her friends and family. She is a recipient of a 2009 National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, the United States' highest honor in the folk and traditional arts. Won: 1 Nominations: 4 Won: 4 Nominations: 6 Queen Ida at AllMusic Queen Ida discography at Discogs Queen Ida info E-notes: Queen Ida Queen Ida video Queen Ida at GNP Crescendo
Lionel Leo Hampton was an American jazz vibraphonist, pianist and bandleader. Hampton worked with jazz musicians from Teddy Wilson, Benny Goodman, Buddy Rich to Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus, Quincy Jones. In 1992, he was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1996. Lionel Hampton was born in 1908 in Louisville and was raised by his mother. Shortly after he was born, he and his mother moved to her hometown of Alabama, he spent his early childhood in Kenosha, before he and his family moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1916. As a youth, Hampton was a member of the Bud Billiken Club, an alternative to the Boy Scouts of America, off-limits because of racial segregation. During the 1920s, while still a teenager, Hampton took xylophone lessons from Jimmy Bertrand and began to play drums. Hampton was raised Roman Catholic, started out playing fife and drum at the Holy Rosary Academy near Chicago. Lionel Hampton began his career playing drums for the Chicago Defender Newsboys' Band while still a teenager in Chicago.
He moved to California in 1928, playing drums for the Dixieland Blues-Blowers. He made his recording debut with The Quality Serenaders led by Paul Howard left for Culver City and drummed for the Les Hite band at Sebastian's Cotton Club. One of his trademarks as a drummer was his ability to do stunts with multiple pairs of sticks such as twirling and juggling without missing a beat. During this period he began practicing on the vibraphone. In 1930 Louis Armstrong came to California and hired the Les Hite band, asking Hampton if he would play vibes on two songs. So began his career as a vibraphonist, popularizing the use of the instrument in the process. Invented ten years earlier, the vibraphone is a xylophone with metal bars, a sustain pedal, resonators equipped with electric-powered fans that add tremolo. While working with the Les Hite band, Hampton occasionally did some performing with Nat Shilkret and his orchestra. During the early 1930s, he studied music at the University of Southern California.
In 1934 he led his own orchestra, appeared in the Bing Crosby film Pennies From Heaven alongside Louis Armstrong. In November 1936, the Benny Goodman Orchestra came to Los Angeles to play the Palomar Ballroom; when John Hammond brought Goodman to see Hampton perform, Goodman invited him to join his trio, which soon became the Benny Goodman Quartet with Teddy Wilson and Gene Krupa completing the lineup. The Trio and Quartet were among the first racially integrated jazz groups to perform before audiences, were a leading small-group of the day. While Hampton worked for Goodman in New York, he recorded with several different small groups known as the Lionel Hampton Orchestra, as well as assorted small groups within the Goodman band. In 1940 Hampton left the Goodman organization under amicable circumstances to form his own big band. Hampton's orchestra developed a high-profile during early 1950s, his third recording with them in 1942 produced the version of "Flying Home", featuring a solo by Illinois Jacquet that anticipated rhythm & blues.
Although Hampton first recorded "Flying Home" under his own name with a small group in 1940 for Victor, the best known version is the big band version recorded for Decca on May 26, 1942, in a new arrangement by Hampton's pianist Milt Buckner. The 78pm disc became successful enough for Hampton to record "Flyin' Home #2" in 1944, this time a feature for Arnett Cobb; the song went on to become the theme song for all three men. Guitarist Billy Mackel first joined Hampton in 1944, would perform and record with him continuously through to the late 1970s. In 1947, Hamp performed "Stardust" at a "Just Jazz" concert for producer Gene Norman featuring Charlie Shavers and Slam Stewart. Norman's GNP Crescendo label issued the remaining tracks from the concert. From the mid-1940s until the early 1950s, Hampton led a lively rhythm & blues band whose Decca Records recordings included numerous young performers who had significant careers, they included bassist Charles Mingus, saxophonist Johnny Griffin, guitarist Wes Montgomery, vocalist Dinah Washington.
Other noteworthy band members were trumpeters Dizzy Gillespie, Cat Anderson, Kenny Dorham, Snooky Young. The Hampton orchestra that toured Europe in 1953 included Clifford Brown, Gigi Gryce, Anthony Ortega, Monk Montgomery, George Wallington, Art Farmer, Quincy Jones, singer Annie Ross. Hampton continued to record with small groups and jam sessions during the 1940s and 1950s, with Oscar Peterson, Buddy DeFranco, others. In 1955, while in California working on The Benny Goodman Story he recorded with Stan Getz and made two albums with Art Tatum for Norman Granz as well as with his own big band. Hampton performed with Louis Armstrong and Italian singer Lara Saint Paul at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival in Italy; the performance created a sensation with Italian audiences. That same year, Hampton received a Papal Medal from Pope Paul VI. During the 1960s, Hampton's groups were in decline, he did not fare much better in the 1970s, though he recorded for his Who's Who in Jazz record label, which he founded in 1977/1978.
Beginning in February 1984, Hampton and his band played at the University of Idaho's annual jazz festival, renamed the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival the following year. In 1987 the UI's school of music was renamed for Hampto
Charlie Ventura was a tenor saxophonist and bandleader from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ventura had his first taste of success working with Gene Krupa. In 1945 he won the Down Beat readers' poll in the tenor saxophone category. In the late 1940s he led several popular groups and went on to become known for his "bop for the people," with vocalists Jackie Cain and Roy Kral. After the early 1950s he made only a few recordings, his first was the debut album for Gene Norman's GNP Crescendo label recorded live in Los Angeles. In Las Vegas, he worked with Jackie Gleason and was the featured soloist on four albums Gleason produced: Riff Jazz, on which he played alto and bass saxophones. 1945 Crazy Rhythms of Charlie Ventura Columbia 1947 Carnegie Hall Concert Verve 1950 Stomping with the Sax Crystalette 1953 Charlie Ventura Decca 1953 Charlie Ventura Concert Featuring the Charlie Ventura Septet Universal 1953 Charlie Ventura and His Sextet Imperial Records 1954 Charlie Ventura GNP 1954 Charlie Ventura Quartet Norgran 1954 An Evening with Mary Ann McCall Norgran 1954 An Evening with Charlie Ventura Verve 1954 F.
Y. I. Ventura Emarcy 1954 Charlie Ventura in Concert MCA/Decca 1955 Another Evening with Charlie Ventura and Mary Ann McCall Norgran 1955 Charlie Ventura's Carnegie Hall Concert 1955 Jumping with Ventura Emarcy 1955 In a Jazz Mood Norgran 1956 Charlie Ventura Plays Hi Fi Jazz Tops 1956 Blue Saxophone Norgran 1956 New Charlie Ventura in Hi Fi Baton 1956 Charley's Parley Norgran 1957 Adventure with Charlie Ventura King 1957 Here's Charlie Brunswick 1957 Charlie Ventura in a Jazz Mood Verve 1958 The Charlie Ventura Quintet: A Lost Gem Baton 1958 East of Suez Columbia 195? Charlie Ventura & His Orchestra Clef 1960 Charlie Ventura Plays for the People Craftsman 1977 Chazz Famous Door 1995 Live at the Three Deuces, 1947 Jazz Band 2002 Live at the Three Deuces, Vol. 2 HighNote 2002 Legendary Pasadena Concert Proper It's All Bop to Me Running Wild Bop for the People Charlie Comes On Complete 1951–52 Verve Studio Sessions I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles Blue Ventura High on an Open Mike With Dizzy Gillespie The Complete RCA Victor Recordings With Gene Krupa The Great New Gene Krupa Quartet Featuring Charlie Ventura All Music