GNU Privacy Guard is a free-software replacement for Symantec's PGP cryptographic software suite, is compliant with RFC 4880, the IETF standards-track specification of OpenPGP. Modern versions of PGP are interoperable with other OpenPGP-compliant systems. GnuPG is part of the GNU Project, has received major funding from the German government. GnuPG is a hybrid-encryption software program because it uses a combination of conventional symmetric-key cryptography for speed, public-key cryptography for ease of secure key exchange by using the recipient's public key to encrypt a session key, used only once; this mode of operation is part of the OpenPGP standard and has been part of PGP from its first version. The GnuPG 1.x series uses an integrated cryptographic library, while the GnuPG 2.x series replaces this with Libgcrypt. GnuPG encrypts messages using asymmetric key pairs individually generated by GnuPG users; the resulting public keys may be exchanged with other users in a variety of ways, such as Internet key servers.
They must always be exchanged to prevent identity spoofing by corrupting public key ↔ "owner" identity correspondences. It is possible to add a cryptographic digital signature to a message, so the message integrity and sender can be verified, if a particular correspondence relied upon has not been corrupted. GnuPG supports symmetric encryption algorithms. By default, GnuPG uses the AES symmetrical algorithm since version 2.1, CAST5 was used in earlier versions. GnuPG algorithms. Instead, GnuPG uses a variety of non-patented algorithms. For a long time it did not support the IDEA encryption algorithm used in PGP, it was in fact possible to use IDEA in GnuPG by downloading a plugin for it, however this might require a license for some uses in countries in which IDEA was patented. Starting with versions 1.4.13 and 2.0.20, GnuPG supports IDEA because the last patent of IDEA expired in 2012. Support of IDEA is intended "to get rid of all the questions from folks either trying to decrypt old data or migrating keys from PGP to GnuPG", hence is not recommended for regular use.
As of versions 2.0.26 and 1.4.18, GnuPG supports the following algorithms: Public key RSA, ElGamal, DSA Cipher 3DES, IDEA, CAST5, Twofish, AES-128, AES-192, AES-256, Camellia-128, -192 and -256 Hash MD5, SHA-1, RIPEMD-160, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512, SHA-224 Compression Uncompressed, ZIP, ZLIB, BZIP2More recent releases of GnuPG 2.x expose most cryptographic functions and algorithms Libgcrypt provides, including support for elliptic curve cryptography in the "modern" series. GnuPG was developed by Werner Koch; the first production version, version 1.0.0, was released on September 7, 1999 two years after the first GnuPG release. The German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology funded the documentation and the port to Microsoft Windows in 2000. GnuPG is a system compliant to the OpenPGP standard, thus the history of OpenPGP is of importance. On February 7, 2014, a GnuPG crowdfunding effort closed, raising €36,732 for a new Web site and infrastructure improvements; as of January 2018, there are two maintained branches of GnuPG: "Modern", with numerous new features, such as elliptic curve cryptography, compared to the former "stable" branch, which it replaced with the release of GnuPG 2.2.0 on August 28, 2017.
It was released on November 6, 2014. "Classic", the older, but still maintained standalone version, most suitable for older or embedded platforms. Released on December 16, 2004. Different GnuPG 2.x versions cannot be installed at the same time. However, it is possible to install a "classic" GnuPG version along with any GnuPG 2.x version. Before the release of GnuPG 2.2, the now deprecated "stable" branch was recommended for general use released on November 13, 2006. This branch reached its end-of-life on December 31, 2017. Before the release of GnuPG 2.0, all stable releases originated from a single branch. These former, sequentially succeeding release branches were: 1.2 branch released on September 22, 2002, with 1.2.6 as the last version, released on October 26, 2004. 1.0 branch released on September 7, 1999, with 1.0.7 as the last version, released on April 30, 2002. Although the basic GnuPG program has a command-line interface, there exists various front-ends that provide it with a graphical user interface.
For example, GnuPG encryption support has been integrated into KMail and Evolution, the graphical email clients found in KDE and GNOME, the most popular Linux desktops. There are graphical GnuPG front-ends, for example Seahorse for GNOME and KGPG for KDE; the GPG Suite project provides a number of Aqua front-ends for OS integration of encryption and key management as well as GnuPG installations via Installer packages for m
Omweso is the traditional mancala game of the Ugandan people. The game was introduced by the Bachwezi people of the ancient Bunyoro-kitara empire of Uganda. Nowadays the game is dominated by Ugandan villagers, it is a hard and fast game said to keep one's mind high and excited, which can make it addictive. The equipment needed for the game is the same as that of the Bao game. Omweso is related to a wide family of mancalas found in eastern and southern Africa; the name "Omweso" is derived from Swahili word michezo, which means "game". Omweso requires a board of 32 pits, arranged with eight pits lengthwise towards the players, four pits deep; each player's territory is the 16 pits on their side of the board. In addition, 64 undifferentiated seeds are needed; this equipment is the same used for many variants of Omweso as well as for the Bao game from Zanzibar and Tanzania. Unlike Bao boards, Omweso boards have no special pit; the normal way to win the game is to be the last player to be able to make a legal move, possible by capturing all an opponent's stones or reducing the opponent to no more than one seed in each pit.
Alternatively, a player can win by capturing on both ends of the board in one turn. Before the game, four seeds are placed in each of the eight pits closest to a player to ensure that both players have 32 seeds; the first player is chosen by lot. This player arranges; the second player arranges their seeds. The first player makes the first sowing move. Play consists of turns, each move may involve several laps. A player moves by selecting a pit with at least two seeds, sowing them one by one around their side of the board in a counter-clockwise direction from the starting pit; the player may only sow from one of the sixteen pits in their territory, the sowing proceeds around this territory, not directly involving the opponent's side. Although in the past it was common for players to spend much time in thought, in modern tournaments only three seconds of thought is allowed per turn; the referee counts omu, if the turn is not started the other player may steal it. If the last sowed seed lands in an occupied pit all seeds in that pit, including the one just placed, are sown, before the opponent's turn.
This continues. If the last seed sown lands in one of the player's eight inner pits, occupied, furthermore both the opponent's pits in this same column are occupied all seeds from these two pits are captured and sown starting from the pit where this capturing lap began. Instead of sowing in a counter-clockwise direction, a player may sow clockwise from any of their four leftmost pits if this results in a capture. Upon re-entering these reverse-captured seeds, the player may sow them clockwise again, if and only if this play results in a direct capture; the player may choose to sow reverse-captured seeds in the usual counter-clockwise manner, there is no compulsion to play one direction or the other when the choice is available. During a relay-sowing move, one lap of which ends at one of the four leftmost pits, a player may change direction and begin sowing the next leg of the move clockwise, if and only if this play results in a direct capture; the normal way to win the game is to be the last player left with a legal move.
However, there are two additional victory conditions: In addition, a special win called akawumbi occurs when a player captures seeds from each of an opponent's pits in one turn. In a tournament, this may be weighted several times a more mundane victory, it is possible for a move to lead to a never-ending sowing sequence. In tournament play, a player is allowed up to three minutes to finish his move - if this cannot be done, the game is annulled. Never ending omweso moves have been of some mathematical interest; the Mayer Test can be used to determine. List of mancala games Igisoro Kisolo James S. Coleman, Play in Uganda: Omweso a Game People, UCLA African Studies Center, 1970 Article on Omweso rules and society in East Africa. R. S. Shackell, Mweso – The Board Game, Uganda Journal II/1 July 1934 R. S. Shackell, More about Mweso, Uganda Journal III/2 October 1935
The Endless Trench is a 2019 Spanish historical drama film directed by Jon Garaño, Aitor Arregi and Jose Mari Goenaga. It premiered at the 2019 San Sebastián International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Shell for Best Director and the Jury Prize for Best Screenplay. Newlyweds Higinio and Rosa face the outburst of the Spanish Civil War, which represents a life threat for Higinio. With the help of his wife, he decides to use; the fear of potential retaliation, the love they feel for each other, condemn the married couple to a 30-year confinement. The film had its world premiere on September 22, 2019 at the 2019 San Sebastián International Film Festival; the film was released in cinemas in Spain on October 31, 2019. The Endless Trench on IMDb
Munsur Ali Bangladeshi-born British film producer, screenwriter and social entrepreneur, Labour Party politician, councillor for Portsoken ward. He is best known for his film Shongram, the first time a British film has been written and directed by a British Bangladeshi. Ali was born in Bangladesh, arrived to England at the age of two in 1980 and grew up in Aldgate where he still lives, he attended a Church of England school, studied Arabic/Islam on weekends and Bangla after school, taught himself to speak in Urdu. From an early age Ali was influenced by film and in his late teens he took an interest in looking at alternative points of view in mainstream cinema. Going to the cinema a lot as a teenager gave him his inspiration. Ali attended Sir John Cass Redcoat School and says he "didn't do too well at GCSE." He learned photography at Epping Forest College. However, he "was confused and couldn't commit to A-level," so he left in the second year. In 2004, he graduated with a 2:1 in BA Film and Broadcast Productions from London Metropolitan University.
Ali's father was born in British India. Ali's father has been in the UK since early 1950s, he became a British citizen. The majority of Ali's relatives live in the UK. After graduating, Ali made documentaries and short films on social issues such as policing, knife crime and gang violence. In 2003, he set up an independent video and film production company Spotlight UK before formalising it as a company in 2005. Since he has worked alongside global US, UK and Bollywood names. In September 2006, he founded Limelight Film Awards, an initiative to identify and celebrate emerging film talent. With the first event taking place in 2007, it is one of the largest independent short film awards ceremony. In 2009, he founded Epic Media Wedding Productions and set about specialising in producing cinematic quality wedding videos. In 2014, Ali wrote and produced his debut feature film Shongram; the film is a romantic drama set during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. He worked on the project for three years and it was the first time a British film was written and directed by a British Bangladeshi.
In February and June 2014, he was interviewed by Nadia Ali on BBC Asian Network. Ali is working on two new films: Cinema, about a young actor who enters the world of cinema and discovers a whole world of exploitation, drugs and betrayal, The Final Message, a supernatural horror based around Hebrew scriptures, Christian scriptures and the Quran. On 23 March 2017, Ali was elected as a Labour Party councillor for Portsoken ward in Aldgate in his home town of the City of London, where Labour won five seats. Ali's decision to contest came after he was unhappy with the recent multimillion-pound housing development plans, affecting his community's future. In June 2017, he was inaugurated at the Guildhall in London as a member of the exclusive Court of Common Council that governs the City of London. In 2012, Ali was presented with a Civic Award by Tower Hamlets, in recognition for his contribution of promoting young artists through the Limelight Film Awards. Ali is a Muslim, he lives in London. In December 2011, while working on the film Shongram, Ali met and became close friends with Bangladeshi actress Dilruba Yasmeen Ruhee.
Mischocarpus is a genus of about nineteen species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow from Australia and New Guinea, though Malesia as far north as the Philippines, through SE. Asia, Indo-China and S. China, to India at their farthest west; the eleven Australian species known to science grow in the rainforests of the eastern coastal zone of New South Wales and Queensland, from Newcastle northwards through to north-eastern Queensland and Cape York Peninsula. In 1825 Carl L. Blume first formally published its type species M. sundaicus. In 1879 Ludwig A. T. Radlkofer first formally published new names of many species. In 1977 R. W. J. M. van der Ham published a revision of the genus, including new names of species. This listing was sourced from the Australian Plant Name Index and Australian Plant Census, Flora Malesiana, botanical science journal papers, the Flora of China.: Mischocarpus ailae Guymer, woolly bush apple – Endemic to rainforests of NE.
NSW & SE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus albescens S. T. Reynolds – Daintree region endemic, NE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus anodontus Radlk. – NE. NSW to CE. to NE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus australis S. T. Reynolds – CE. NSW through to SE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus exangulatus Radlk. – Cape York Peninsula and NE. Qld endemic, Australia Mischocarpus grandissimus Radlk. – NE. Qld endemic, Australia Mischocarpus hainanensis H. S. Lo – Hainan, China Mischocarpus lachnocarpus Radlk. – NE. Qld to Cape York Peninsula and New Guinea Mischocarpus largifolius Radlk. – Solomon Islands to New Guinea Mischocarpus macrocarpus S. T. Reynolds – NE. to CE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus montanus C. T. White – endemic to mountains of NE. Qld, Australia Mischocarpus paradoxus Radlk. – New Guinea Mischocarpus pentapetalus Radlk. – India, S. China through SE. Asia to W. Malesia as far as a line from Philippines–Borneo–Java Mischocarpus pyriformis Radlk. – C. coast NSW through E Qld to NE. Qld and New Guineasubsp. Papuanus – New Guinea subsp.
Pyriformis – C. coast NSW northwards to NE Qld, Australia subsp. Retusus – New GuineaMischocarpus reticulatus R. W. Ham – New Guinea Mischocarpus stipitatus S. T. Reynolds – Cape York Peninsula to NE. to C. coast Qld, Australia Mischocarpus sundaicus Blume – India, S. China, SE. Asia and through Malesia Mischocarpus triqueter Radlk. – PhilippinesSpecies accepted by the authoritative Flora Malesiana while awaiting formal publication, as provisionally published names and descriptions Mischocarpus prob. spec. nov.: R. W. Ham – New Guinea Mischocarpus photographs in Flickr Media related to Mischocarpus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Mischocarpus at Wikispecies
Hotel Wilber is a historic hotel in Wilber, Nebraska. It was built in 1895 as a gathering place for social events; the builders were Isaac Hickman, Charles Whipple, G. D. Coe, George Smith. Cultural historian Janet Jeffries Spencer of the Nebraska State Historical Society and architect D. Murphy add, Built of standard masonry construction, most of the building displays the stilted segmental arch so common for the period. Window and door openings on the front, display rough cut stone lintels and sills. Overall emphasis is placed on the front facade which features a two-story columned portico and the unusually well preserved false, pressed-metal gable. A simple pressed metal, bracketed cornice completes the decorative motif; the building has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since September 20, 1978