Gaṇa sangha

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Gana-Sangha[1] (Sanskrit: गणसङ्घ) or Gana-Rajya[2] (Sanskrit: गणराज्य), refers to a type of republic or oligarchy in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent.

The gana sanghas were generally found on the periphery of the Indian kingdoms, and tended to occupy the higher ground.[1]

Their general make-up was either that of a single clan (e.g. Shakya), or a confederacy of clans (e.g. Koli).


  1. ^ a b Thapar, Romila (2002). "Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300". Google Books. University of California. pp. 146–150. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  2. ^ Majumdar, Asoke Kumar (1977), Concise History of Ancient India: Political theory, administration and economic life, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, p. 140

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