New Jersey Legislative Districts, 2011 apportionment
The members of the New Jersey Legislature are chosen from 40 electoral districts. Each district elects two Assemblymen. New Jersey is one of only seven states with nested state legislative districts, in which two or more state House are coextensive with a single state Senate seat. In New Jersey, each district elects one Senator and two Assembly members.. Districts are reapportioned decennially by the New Jersey Apportionment Commission following each United States Census, as provided by Article IV, Section III of the state Constitution; the most recent changes to the legislative districts were in effect in the primary elections held in June 2011 and the general elections of November 2011, following the 2010 United States Census. For the 2018–2019 session, the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak and R. Bruce Land. Avalon Borough, Cape May City, Cape May Point Borough, Commercial Township, Corbin City, Dennis Township, Downe Township, Estell Manor City, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Lawrence Township, Lower Township, Maurice River Township, Middle Township, Millville City, North Wildwood City, Ocean City, Sea Isle City, Shiloh Borough, Stone Harbor Borough, Stow Creek Township, Upper Township, Vineland City, West Cape May Borough, West Wildwood Borough, Weymouth Township, Wildwood City, Wildwood Crest Borough, Woodbine Borough For the 2018–2019 session, the 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Chris A. Brown and in the General Assembly by Vince Mazzeo and John Armato.
Absecon City, Atlantic City, Brigantine City, Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Egg Harbor City, Egg Harbor Township, Folsom Borough, Hamilton Township, Linwood City, Longport Borough, Margate City, Mullica Township, Northfield City, Pleasantville City, Somers Point City, Ventnor City For the 2018–2019 session, the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli and Adam Taliaferro. Alloway Township, Bridgeton City, Carneys Point Township, Clayton Borough, Deerfield Township, East Greenwich Township, Elk Township, Elmer Borough, Elsinboro Township, Franklin Township, Glassboro Borough, Greenwich Township, Logan Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township, Mannington Township, National Park Borough, Newfield Borough, Oldmans Township, Paulsboro Borough, Penns Grove Borough, Pennsville Township, Pilesgrove Township, Pittsgrove Township, Quinton Township, Salem City, South Harrison Township, Swedesboro Borough, Upper Deerfield Township, Upper Pittsgrove Township, West Deptford Township, Woodbury Heights Borough, Woodstown Borough, Woolwich Township For the 2018–2019 session, the 4th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Fred H. Madden and in the General Assembly by Paul Moriarty and Gabriela Mosquera.
Chesilhurst Borough, Clementon Borough, Gloucester Township, Laurel Springs Borough, Lindenwold Borough, Monroe Township, Pitman Borough, Washington Township, Winslow Township For the 2018–2019 session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez and in the General Assembly by Patricia Egan Jones and William Spearman. Spearman took. Audubon Borough, Audubon Park Borough, Barrington Borough, Bellmawr Borough, Brooklawn Borough, Camden City, Deptford Township, Gloucester City, Haddon Heights Borough, Harrison Township, Lawnside Borough, Magnolia Borough, Mantua Township, Mount Ephraim Borough, Runnemede Borough, Wenonah Borough, Westville Borough, Woodbury City, Woodlynne Borough For the 2018–2019 session, the 6th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James Beach and in the General Assembly by Louis Greenwald and Pamela Rosen Lampitt. Berlin Township, Cherry Hill Township, Collingswood Borough, Gibbsboro Borough, Haddon Township, Haddonfield Borough, Hi-Nella Borough, Maple Shade Township, Merchantville Borough, Oaklyn Borough, Pennsauken Township, Somerdale Borough, Stratford Borough, Tavistock Borough, Voorhees Township For the 2018–2019 session, the 7th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Troy Singleton and in the General Assembly by Herb Conaway and Carol A. Murphy.
Beverly City, Bordentown City, Bordentown Township, Burlington City, Burlington Township, Cinnaminson Township, Delanco Township, Delran Township, Edgewater Park Township, Fieldsboro Borough, Florence Township, Moorestown Township, Mount Laurel Township, Palmyra Borough, Riverside Township, Riverton Borough, Willingboro Township For the 2018–2019 session, the 8th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego a
Gloucester Township, New Jersey
Gloucester Township is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 64,634, reflecting an increase of 284 from the 64,350 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 10,553 from the 53,797 counted in the 1990 Census; the township ranked as the 19th most-populous municipality in the state in 2010 after having been ranked 18th in 2000. Gloucester Township was formed on June 1695, while the area was still part of Gloucester County, it was incorporated as one of New Jersey's first 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. It became part of the newly created Camden County upon its formation on March 13, 1844. Portions of the township have been taken over the years to form Union Township, Winslow Township and Clementon Township; the present Township of Gloucester was one of the original townships that comprised old Gloucester County. It became the county's first political subdivision in 1685.
The boundaries of Gloucester County extended from the Delaware River to the Atlantic Ocean until 1683, when it was divided into two townships. Gloucester Township further subdivided into four smaller townships, on June 1, 1695, became one of the first New Jersey municipalities to incorporate. In 1844, the township became part of the newly formed County of Camden The Gabreil Daveis Tavern House, located at 4th Avenue in Glendora, is a pre-American Revolutionary War tavern, built in 1756 and for many years served as an inn for boatmen who transported their products to Philadelphia via nearby Big Timber Creek, it was restored and now serves as Gloucester Township's historical centerpiece. This building has been referred to as The Hillman Hospital House because it was designated a hospital by George Washington during the Revolution, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is open to visitors on Sunday afternoons from April through December, excepting holidays. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 23.260 square miles, including 22.983 square miles of land and 0.277 square miles of water.
Blackwood and Glendora are unincorporated communities and census-designated places located within the township. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Blenheim, Chews Landing, Erial, Glen Oaks, Hilltop, Lambs Terrace, Little Gloucester, Nashs Mill Point Pleasant and Turkey Foot; the township borders Hi-Nella, Magnolia, Pine Hill, Somerdale and Winslow Township. Gloucester Township borders Gloucester County. Big Timber Creek flows East to West through the township to the Delaware River; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,634 people, 23,566 households, 16,873.256 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,812.2 per square mile. There were 24,711 housing units at an average density of 1,075.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 75.80% White, 16.19% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.65% of the population.
There were 23,566 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.4% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.24. In the township, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.5 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $72,811 and the median family income was $82,491. Males had a median income of $55,185 versus $41,697 for females; the per capita income for the township was $29,231. About 3.5% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census of 2000, there were 64,350 people, 23,150 households, 16,876 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,771.2 people per square mile. There were 24,257 housing units at an average density of 1,044.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 83.11% White, 11.55% African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.05% of the population. There were 23,150 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
2017 New Jersey elections
A general election was held in the U. S. state of New Jersey on November 7, 2017. Primary elections were held on June 6. All elected offices at the state level were on the ballot in this election cycle, including Governor and Lieutenant Governor for four-year terms, all 80 seats in the New Jersey General Assembly for two-year terms, all 40 seats in the State Senate for four-year terms. In addition to the gubernatorial and State Legislative elections, numerous county offices and Freeholders in addition to municipal offices were up for election. There were two statewide ballot questions and some counties and municipalities had a local ballot question. Non-partisan local elections, some school board elections, some fire district elections were held throughout the year. All 40 seats of the New Jersey Senate were up for election. Prior to the elections, Democrats held a 24–16 majority in the upper house. Democrats picked up an open seat in District 7 and defeated a Republican incumbent in District 11, while Republicans defeated an appointed Democratic incumbent in District 2.
Overall, this resulted in Democrats having a net gain of one seat, increasing their majority to 25–15. Raymond Lesniak, District 20 Diane Allen, District 7 Joe Kyrillos, District 13In addition, four members who were elected in the last election in 2013 have since left office: Donald Norcross, Peter J. Barnes III, Kevin J. O'Toole, Jim Whelan. DeclaredJeff Van Drew, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredMary Gruccio, Superintendent of Vineland Public Schools and former Cumberland County FreeholderResults DeclaredAnthony Parisi Sanchez, community activist and former Marine Corps reservist EndorsementsPollingResults Incumbent Democratic Senator Jim Whelan declined to seek a fourth term, announcing his retirement on January 4, 2017. Whelan died in office on August 22. DeclaredColin Bell, former Atlantic County Freeholder and nominee for Assembly in 2015WithdrawnVince Mazzeo, state assemblyman ResultsFollowing the death of Whelan on August 22, 2017, Bell was unanimously selected to fill the remainder of his term by local Democratic committee members on September 5, was sworn in on October 5.
DeclaredChris A. Brown, state assemblymanResults EndorsementsPolling Results DeclaredStephen M. Sweeney, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredFran Grenier, chairman of the Salem County Republican Party and former Woodstown Borough CouncilmanResults Polling EndorsementsResults DeclaredFred H. Madden, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredMichael PascettaResultsPascetta was not on the official list of candidates for the general election. EndorsementsResults DeclaredNilsa Cruz-Perez, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredKeith Walker, nominee for Senate in 2011 and 2013Results DeclaredMohammad Kabir EndorsementsResults DeclaredJames Beach, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredRobert ShapiroResults EndorsementsResults Citing health concerns, incumbent Republican Senator Diane Allen declined to run for a seventh term, announcing her retirement on January 31, 2017. DeclaredRob Prisco, Riverside Township Committeeman and nominee for Assembly in 2015ResultsOn June 13, Governor Chris Christie nominated Prisco to a worker's compensation judgeship, whom would drop out.
Local Republican committee members selected Delanco Mayor John Browne as a replacement candidate on September 6. DeclaredTroy Singleton, state assemblymanWithdrawnCory CottinghamDeclinedHerb Conaway, state assemblyman Carol A. Murphy, director of policy and communication for Assemblywoman Gabriela Mosquera Results EndorsementsResults DeclaredDawn Marie Addiego, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredGeorge B. YoungkinResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredChristopher J. Connors, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredBrian Corley White, attorneyResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredJames W. Holzapfel, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredEmma Mammano, mental health counselorResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredJennifer Beck, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredVin Gopal, nominee for Assembly in 2011, former chairman of the Monmouth County Democratic Party Results EndorsementsPolling Results DeclaredArt Haney, chairman of the Old Bridge Republican Party and former mayor of Old Bridge Samuel D. Thompson, incumbent senatorEndorsementsResults DeclaredDavid Lande, attorneyResults DeclaredKevin Antoine, SUNY health professor EndorsementsResults Incumbent Republican Senator Joe Kyrillos announced that he would not run for a ninth term on October 25, 2016.
DeclaredDeclan O'Scanlon, state assemblymanWithdrawnAmy Handlin, state assemblywoman Results DeclaredSean Byrnes, former Middletown Township Committeeman Joshua Leinsdorf, former Princeton school board member and perennial candidateResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredLinda R. Greenstein, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredBruce MacDonald, jewelry store owner Ileana Schirmer, Hamilton Township CouncilwomanResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredShirley Turner, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredLee Eric NewtonResults Endorsements Results DeclaredChristopher Bateman, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredLaurie Poppe, social worker, nominee for Hillsborough Township Committee in 2015 and 2016WithdrawnZenon Christodoulu, businessmanDeclinedAndrew Koontz, Mercer County Freeholder Liz Lempert, Mayor of Princeton Andrew Zwicker, state assemblyman Results Endorsements Polling Results DeclaredBill Irwin, Piscataway Board of Education President Bob Smith, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredDaryl J. Kipnis, attorneyResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredPatrick J.
218th New Jersey Legislature
The 218th New Jersey Legislature began on January 9, 2018 following the 2017 Elections. The session started in the end of Chris Christie's governorship and continued in the first two years of Phil Murphy's governorship; the elections where held on November 2017 alongside the 2017 New Jersey gubernatorial election. Phil Murphy and Sheila Oliver where elected Lieutenant Governor. In the elections for Senate republicans lost a net gain of one seat while in the Assembly elections republicans lost a net gain of two. Senate President: Stephen M. Sweeney President Pro Temp.: Teresa Ruiz Majority Leader: Loretta Weinberg Minority Leader: Thomas Kean Jr. Spaeker: Craig Coughlin Majority Leader: Louis Greenwald Minority Leader: Jon Bramnick The Senate has 40 members, one for each district The Assembly has 80 members, two for each district. Outgoing Governor Chris Christie delivered is last State of the State on January 9, 2018, he touted his legacy as Governor, such as his response to Hurricane Sandy, among other things.
On January 15, 2019 Governor Phil Murphy his first State of the State Address. In his address he called on the legislature to raise the minimum wage from $8 to $15, legalize recreational marijuana, tax reform, he touted his achievements in his first year such as raising income taxes on people making more than $5 million a year, beginning to make community college tuition free, increasing funding to Planned Parenthood, tighter gun laws. Again on March 5, 2019 Murphy addressed the Legislature to deliver his budget address. In the address he called for universal pre-k, eliminating tuition for community college, taxes on people with high income, increased spending. Senate President Stephen M. Sweeney, Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin said they are opposed to Murphy's proposed tax increases. List of New Jersey state legislatures
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –