Galatia (Roman province)

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Provincia Galatia
Ἐπαρχία Γαλατίας
Province of the Roman Empire

25 BC–7th Century
Location of Galatia
Capital Ancyra
Historical era Classical Antiquity
 •  Annexation by Augustus 25 BC
 •  Theme of Thrace established 7th Century
Today part of  Turkey

Galatia was the name of a province of the Roman Empire in Anatolia (modern central Turkey). It was established by the first emperor, Augustus (sole rule 30 BC – 14 AD), in 25 BC, covering most of formerly independent Celtic Galatia, with its capital at Ancyra.

Under the tetrarchy reforms of Diocletian, its northern and southern parts were split to form the southern part of the province of Paphlagonia and the province of Lycaonia, respectively.

In ca. 398, during the reign of Arcadius, it was divided into the provinces of Galatia Prima and Galatia Secunda or Salutaris. Galatia Prima covered the north-eastern part of the old province, retaining Ancyra as its capital and was headed by a consularis. Salutaris comprised the south-western half of the old province and was headed by a praeses with seat at Pessinus. Both provinces were part of the Diocese of Pontus, the provinces were briefly reunited in 536–548 under Justinian I. Although the area was eventually incorporated in the new thema of Anatolikon in the latter half of the 7th century, traces of the old provincial administration survived until the early 8th century.


All Galatia

The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117–38 AD), showing, in western Asia, the imperial province of Galatia

Ecclesiastical administration[edit]

According to the canons of the Council of Chalcedon (451) and the Synecdemus of Hierocles (c. 531), the province of Galatia Prima had Ancyra as its metropolitan see, with six suffragan sees: Tavium, Aspona, Kinna, Lagania or Anastasiopolis, Mnizos and Juliopolis.[1][2]

According to the canons of the Council of Chalcedon and the Synecdemus, the province of Galatia Secunda had Pessinus as its metropolitan see, with eight suffragan sees: Orkistos, Petinessos, Amorium, Klaneos (absent in Chalcedon), Troknades, Eudoxias, Myrika and Germa or Myriangelon.[3] Pessinus sank into decay when Justinianopolis was founded in the mid-6th century and eventually the metropolitan see was transferred there, while retaining his title.[4]


  1. ^ Ramsay 1890, p. 243.
  2. ^ Belke 1984, p. 128.
  3. ^ Ramsay 1890, pp. 221–223.
  4. ^ Ramsay 1890, pp. 223–224.