James K. Galbraith
James Kenneth Galbraith is an American economist who writes for the popular press on economic topics. He is a professor at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and at the Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin, he is a Senior Scholar with the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College and part of the executive committee of the World Economics Association, created in 2011. Galbraith is a son of the renowned economist John Kenneth Galbraith and Catherine Atwater Galbraith and is the brother of the former diplomat, commentator and 2016 Vermont gubernatorial candidate Peter W. Galbraith, he earned his BA, magna cum laude, from Harvard in 1974 and Ph. D from Yale in 1981, both in economics. From 1974 to 1975, Galbraith studied as a Marshall Scholar at Cambridge. From 1981 to 1982, Galbraith served on the staff of the Congress of the United States as Executive Director of the Joint Economic Committee. In 1985, he was a guest scholar at the Brookings Institution. Galbraith is a professor at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and at the Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin.
Galbraith heads up the University of Texas Inequality Project, described by economic historian Lord Skidelsky as "pioneering inequality measurement". UTIP is noted for replacing the established Gini coefficient with the Theil index as the measurement of choice for comparing inequality between groups and countries. In March 2008 Galbraith used the 25th Annual Milton Friedman Distinguished Lecture to launch a sweeping attack on the Washington Consensus on free market policies the monetarist version, he argued that Keynesian economics offered a solution to the financial crisis that started in 2007 whereas monetarist policies would deepen the recession. Towards the end of 2008 policy makers around the world began acting in line with Galbraith’s recommendations, as part of the Keynesian resurgence described by the Financial Times as "a stunning reversal of the orthodoxy of the past several decades". In 2010 he edited an edition of his father's works for the Library of America series. Galbraith's books include Balancing Acts: Technology and the American Future, 1989.
He is the author of two textbooks – The Economic Problem and Macroeconomics He contributes a column to The Texas Observer and writes for The Nation, The American Prospect, Mother Jones, The Progressive. His op-ed pieces have appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Boston Globe and other newspapers. Galbraith argues that modern America has fallen prey to a wealthy, government-controlling "predatory class": Today, the signature of modern American capitalism is neither benign competition, nor class struggle, nor an inclusive middle-class utopia. Instead, predation has become the dominant feature — a system wherein the rich have come to feast on decaying systems built for the middle class; the predatory class is not the whole of the wealthy. But it is the leading force, and its agents are in full control of the government. Galbraith is highly critical of the Bush administration's foreign policy apropos of the Iraq invasion: There is a reason for the vulnerability of empires. To maintain one against opposition requires war — steady, unending war.
And war is ruinous — from a legal and economic point of view. It can ruin the losers, such as Napoleonic France, or Imperial Germany in 1918, and it can ruin the victors, as it did the Soviets in the 20th century. Conversely and Japan recovered well from World War II, in part because they were spared reparations and did not have to waste national treasure on defense in the aftermath of defeat... The real economic cost of Bush's empire building is twofold: It diverts attention from pressing economic problems at home and it sets the United States on a long-term imperial path, economically ruinous. Much like his father in writing A Tenured Professor, the junior Galbraith is a critic of his own profession: Leading active members of today's economics profession, the generation presently in their 40s and 50s, have joined together into a kind of politburo for correct economic thinking; as a general rule — as one might expect from a gentleman's club — this has placed them on the wrong side of every important policy issue, not just but for decades.
They predict disaster. They deny the possibility of events that happen, they offer a "rape is like the weather" fatalism about an "inevitable" problem that starts to recede. They oppose the most basic and sensible reforms, while offering placebos instead, they are always surprised when something untoward occurs. And when they sense that some position cannot be sustained, they do not re-examine their ideas. Instead, they change the subject. Galbraith is the Chairman of Economists for Peace and Security known as Economists Against the Arms Race and Economists Allied for Arms Reduction, an international association of professional economists concerned with peace and security issues. In 2009, he joined the project for Soldiers of Peace, a documentary for global peace and against all wars, which has won various awards in film festivals. Galbraith, James Kenneth, Welcome to the Poisoned Chalice: The Destruction of Greece and the Future of E
Louis Gatewood Galbraith was an American author and attorney from the U. S. Commonwealth of Kentucky, he was a five-time political candidate for governor of Kentucky. Born in Carlisle, Kentucky to Henry Clay and Dollie Galbraith, on January 23, 1947, Gatewood was the fourth of seven children, he graduated from the University of Kentucky in 1974 and from the University of Kentucky College of Law in 1977. Galbraith's law practice focused on criminal law and personal injury civil actions. According to his Linkedin resume, he specialized in the difficult cases, his interest included the preservation of the Constitution and justice for all. Beginning around June 1997, he spent nearly six years driving back and forth from Lexington, Kentucky where he resided to Bowling Green, practicing as a pro bono attorney in the first felony medical marijuana defense case of advocate and patient Mary L. Thomas, a/k/a Rev. Mary Thomas-Spears. Charged with six felonies for trafficking in a controlled substance, marijuana.
This case made U. S. legal history in a marijuana trafficking cases before the Kentucky Courts and the Honorable Judge John D. Minton, Jr. in 2001/2002, when Judge Minton granted a stay in the case after the appeal in the case had been denied by the Kentucky Court of Appeals in 2001. Shortly after this, a review of tax law changes enacted the Marijuana Tax Stamp by the 2003 General Assembly. John D. Minton, Jr. was elected to the Commonwealth Court of Appeals and moved up to the Supreme Court and on March 3, 2011 Governor Steve Beshear's Communications Office released a press statement headed "Beshear signs landmark corrections reform bill into law" which decriminalizes personal use of up eight ounces of marijuana, reducing it to a ticketable offense. During this time, Gatewood Galbraith represented Richard J. Rawlings, former president for many years and an official board member of the U. S. Marijuana Party, pro bono in 2011 in Barren County, Kentucky at the Barren County Courthouse. Rawlings faced felony marijuana cultivation and paraphernalia charges stemming from a raid on his girlfriend's property in Cave City.
Crider was a former vice president of the U. S. Marijuana Party and a board member herself; the case, on Nov. 21st, 2011, ended with a plea bargain where felony charges were dropped and Richard Rawlings agreed to time served, court costs and four weekends to serve. Galbraith died of natural causes. On January 4, 2012 leaving three daughters. Gatewood was active in many groups. In 1995, Gatewood was charged with interfering with a procession after protesting the presence of a UN-themed float at an Independence Day parade. In 2004, he became a columnist for the Louisville-based alternative weekly Snitch Newsweekly, writing on cases he had handled, debating with other contributors on civil liberties. In his writings and speeches Galbraith went into detail on what he termed "Synthetic Subversion", his theory sought to explain when and why America Kentucky, moved from an agricultural agrarian society into an industrial synthetic society. Galbraith claimed that the beginning of this shift can be traced back to the New Deal era spearheaded by Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration.
Galbraith argued that until the early 1930s, America and Kentucky relied on agriculture to fuel the economy, but that out of necessity, Roosevelt shifted America toward a more industrial society fueled by alliances with "Greedy Corporations." He worked with his longtime friend and supporter Norm Davis, gun rights advocate and founder of the grassroots organization "Take Back Kentucky" in support of "smaller government and preservation of our constitutional freedoms and rights with-in the commonwealth."Galbraith supported the legalization of recreational marijuana use, arguing that the framers of the US Constitution "did not say we have a Constitutional right to possess alcohol. They said we have a Constitutional right to privacy in our homes, under which fits the possession of an poisonous alcohol. Now this is the law in Kentucky today. In fact, it is these rulings that keep the Kentucky State Police from kicking down the doors of people possessing alcohol in Kentucky's 77'dry' counties right now and hauling their butts off to jail.
Now Marijuana is a demonstrably less harmful substance than alcohol and presents far less of threat to public welfare. So it fits in a person's right to privacy in their home. It's beyond the police power of the state as long as I don't sell it and it's for my own personal use."During a debate with former Kentucky Attorney General Greg Stumbo he said, "He thought he could hang me over the marijuana issue, here I was explaining Constitutional Law to him which, I still don't think he comprehends." Galbraith appeared onstage, on TV and in films with many notable public figures, including well known environmental activist Julia Butterfly Hill, author/filmmaker Christopher Largen, author/activist Jack Herer, country music artist/singer/film star Willie Nelson, artist/author/film star/producer Woody Harrelson. Galbraith appeared in the 2003 movie, The Hempsters Plant the Seed, along with Woody Harrelson, Ralph Nader and Julia "Butterfly" Hill, he was featured in the documentary film A NORML Life.
Galbraith ran for various offices in Kentucky, including Agriculture Commissioner, Attorney General, for a seat in the United States House of Representatives. Galbraith ran for Governor five times – as a Democrat in 1991, 1995, 2007, as a Reform Party candidate in 1999, lastly as an inde
Galbraith Mountain is the common name for North Lookout Mountain, located between the communities of Sudden Valley and Bellingham, Washington. A 3,125-acre area was owned by the Trillium Corporation until April 1, 2010, when the company surrendered the property to Polygon Financial Partners instead of defaulting on the loan held by Polygon. Galbraith Mountain has two main summits. Though they are not either of the highest points on Lookout mountain, they are prominent from all over Western Whatcom County; the Whatcom Independent Mountain Pedalers created and maintained a large trail system under a 2005 contract with Trillium. The mountain has many access points. Galbraith Mountain is home to four radio towers, three of which are on the summit, one about 100 ft below. There is active logging on the flanks of the mountain, which has opened clear sight lines from the trails which criss-cross the area. Numerous kiosks and outdoor art were placed throughout the mountain by Trillium and the WMBC, including a bike maintenance station.
As of April 26, 2010, Polygon's planned relationship with the mountain biking community and land use policy has not been established. "WHIMPs description of Galbraith, including their original contract with Trillium". Archived from the original on 2010-04-24. "Trillium Corporation". Trillium.baronclient.com. Archived from the original on 2009-02-17. Retrieved 2008-12-03
Evan G. Galbraith
Evan "Van" Griffith Galbraith was the United States Ambassador to France from 1981 to 1985 under Ronald Reagan and the Secretary of Defense Representative to Europe and NATO under Donald Rumsfeld from 2002 to 2007. Galbraith was born in Ohio, he graduated from Ottawa Hills High School in 1946 and was a graduate of Yale University and Harvard Law School. Galbraith served on active duty in the Navy from 1953 to 1957, attached to the Central Intelligence Agency. From 1960 to 1961, he was the confidential assistant to the Secretary of Commerce under Dwight Eisenhower, he was a close personal friend and Yale classmate of William F. Buckley, Jr. who died one month after Galbraith. Prior to his post as Ambassador to France under President Ronald Reagan, Galbraith spent more than twenty years in Europe as an investment banker, he started his banking career at Morgan Guaranty in Paris selling and designing bonds and became the Managing Director of Dillon Read in London in 1969. In the 1990s he was an Advisory Director of Morgan Stanley in New York, Chairman of the Board of National Review and a member of the board of the Groupe Lagardère S.
A. Paris. Together with Daimler Benz, the Groupe Lagardère S. A. controls principal owner of Airbus. Galbraith served on several other commercial boards and until 1998, was Chairman of the Board of LVMH USA. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld appointed Evan G. Galbraith as his representative in Europe and the defense advisor to the U. S. mission to NATO. In making this appointment Rumsfeld said, "I wanted a seasoned, vigorous representative in Europe who will bring experienced leadership to this important mission." Galbraith was a member of the Center for Security Policy, Council of Foreign Relations and the Bohemian Club in San Francisco. He was a member of the board of directors of Club Med Inc, he was married twice. His first marriage, to Nancy Carothers Burdick, in 1955, ended in divorce in 1964, his second marriage was to Marie "Bootsie" Rockwell in 1964. He had three surviving children, all of his second marriage: Evan Griffith, Christina Marie and John Hamilton. Two of his children predeceased him.
A daughter by his first marriage, Alexandra Galbraith Stearns, died in 2005, his eldest child by his second marriage, Julie Helene, died at age six in 1972 of a brain tumor. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Ambassador in Paris: The Reagan Years. ISBN 0-89526-577-X Appearances on C-SPAN
Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde
Thomas Galloway Dunlop du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, known informally as Tom Strathclyde, is a British Conservative politician. Lord Strathclyde served in the political role of Leader of the House of Lords from the 2010 general election until January 2013 and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, having been Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords. Thomas Galbraith was born in Glasgow, the son of Conservative politician Sir Tam Galbraith and his Belgian wife Simone du Roy de Blicquy, his father was MP for Glasgow Hillhead from 1948 until his death in 1982. Galbraith succeeded to the barony at the age of 25, following the death of his grandfather in 1985. Galbraith was educated at Sussex House School in London, Wellington College in Crowthorne, Berkshire, he attended the University of East Anglia, where he graduated in 1982 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Languages and European Studies. He studied at Aix-Marseille University. Strathclyde entered the House of Lords in 1986, becoming a Junior Whip in 1988 Minister for Tourism in 1989.
Between 1990 and 1992, he was Minister for Fisheries in the Scottish Office. He served in the Department of the Environment and the Department of Trade and Industry, before being appointed the Conservative Party Chief Whip in the House of Lords in 1994, succeeding Lord Ullswater; the next year, he was sworn of the Privy Council. In 1998 Strathclyde, along with the Conservative front bench in the Lords, threatened to tender his resignation if the party refused to accept a proposed compromise plan for reform of the Lords, negotiated with the Labour Party by Lord Cranborne, the Conservatives' leader in the Lords, unbeknown to the Leader of the Opposition William Hague, to his annoyance. Hague however accepted the proposals, dismissing Cranborne for the conduct in negotiations, Strathclyde was appointed to succeed him. Under his leadership, the House of Lords Act 1999 passed: under this, Strathclyde was elected by other peers as one of the 92 hereditary peers to remain in the House of Lords, he won Channel 4 Peer of the Year 2000, Spectator Peer of the Year 2004.
When the Conservatives formed a coalition government under David Cameron in May 2010, Strathclyde became Leader of the House of Lords and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a seat in the Cabinet. On 7 January 2013, Strathclyde announced that he would be stepping down as Leader of the House of Lords, resigning from the Cabinet with immediate effect, to pursue a second business career, he was succeeded by Lord Hill of Oareford. He was subsequently appointed a Companion of Honour for his services to the Lords. Strathclyde married Jane Skinner, elder daughter of John Skinner, in 1992, they have three daughters: Hon Elizabeth Ida Skinner Galbraith Hon Annabel Jane Simone Skinner Galbraith Hon Rose Marie Louise Skinner Galbraith The family lives in Westminster and at the Galbraith family estate in Mauchline, Ayrshire. As Strathclyde has no sons, the heir presumptive to the peerage is his younger brother the Hon. Charles William du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith. Lord Strathclyde is a governor of Berkshire.
He received an Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law from the University of East Anglia in July 2018. He is a director of a landowning company in Scotland, his wealth is estimated at £10m. He was a non-executive director on the board of Trafigura's hedge-fund arm, Galena Asset Management, from 2004 until 2009. Trafigura defended court actions during the 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump scandal and The Guardian suggested his appointment may be an attempt to de-toxify the Dutch company globally. 1960–1985: The Hon Thomas Galbraith 1985–1995: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde 1995–2013: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde PC 2013–: The Right Honourable The Lord Strathclyde CH PC Profile at the Conservative Party Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005 Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard Voting record at PublicWhip.org Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Profile at BBC News Democracy Live Article archive at The Guardian
The Cuckoo's Calling
The Cuckoo's Calling is a 2013 crime fiction novel by J. K. Rowling, published under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith, it is the first novel in the Cormoran Strike series of detective novels and was followed by The Silkworm in 2014, Career of Evil in 2015, Lethal White in 2018. Disabled Afghan War veteran and struggling private investigator Cormoran Strike is approached by John Bristow, the adoptive brother of Strike's childhood schoolmate Charlie. Bristow believes his supermodel sister Lula Landry, whom his parents adopted after Charlie died, did not jump to her death three months earlier and wants Strike to investigate further. Although unconvinced, Strike takes on the case due to his need for money; as the investigation commences, Strike meets Robin Ellacott, assigned by a temp agency to act as his secretary, hires her for a week despite his lack of funds. Robin, who has just become engaged to longtime boyfriend Matthew, turns out to be much more competent than Strike expected, prompting him to extend her stay.
The two set about interviewing Lula's friends and family members as well as her personal driver, the doorman at her Mayfair flat and a fashion designer who affectionately called her "Cuckoo". With each recollection of Lula, Strike suspects the circumstances of her death are murkier than he imagined, his suspicions are confirmed after interviewing Lula's downstairs neighbor Tansy Bestigui, who told police that she heard Lula fighting with a man shortly before her death. Strike, who dismissed Tansy's statement because it was clear she could not have heard the fight through her flat's triple glazed windows, concludes that part of her story was true. While she did hear an argument and see Lula fall to her death, Tansy did not inform the police she was standing outside when the fight occurred. Tansy reveals she had been kicked out by her husband following a heated argument over her cocaine use and, after telling him that she saw, had been threatened into changing her story. Shortly afterward, Lula's friend Rochelle is found dead hours after leaving a meeting with Strike.
He becomes convinced that she was in contact with the killer and deduces that Lula, who took an interest in investigating her biological roots before her death, was murdered for the ten million pounds she stood to inherit upon her adoptive mother's death. Strike meets with Bristow in his office, revealing that he is responsible for killing Lula and Rochelle as well as Charlie, who everyone believed died after riding his bicycle into a quarry. Bristow was both enraged that Lula had tracked down her biological brother and jealous of her success, he murdered her for the same reason he murdered Charlie, to secure his own position, used Strike in an attempt to frame Jonah for the crime. Strike goes on to explain that Lula made a will that left her estate to Jonah and cut the Bristow family out which Bristow suspected. Bristow organized a plan to frame Jonah, which would make him unable to inherit, used Strike's friendship with Charlie to achieve his endgame. Realizing he has been caught, Bristow tries to stab Strike only to be subdued after Robin enters the office.
Sometime Robin is preparing to leave for a permanent job when Strike gives her a parting gift in the form of a dress she tried on during the investigation. Despite being unable to pay her and being unable to suppress his romantic feelings for her, Strike convinces her to stay on. Cormoran Strike is a struggling private investigator, he has few clients, a large debt, is obliged by a recent break-up to sleep in his office on Denmark Street. He lost his leg in the Afghan war. Robin Ellacott, aged 25, is Strike's temporary secretary, she has moved from Yorkshire with her boyfriend and becomes engaged the night before the novel begins. She is enthusiastic about detective work, is intelligent and resourceful, she reveals a number of surprising talents. Lula Landry, a 23-year-old model who died in a fall three months prior to the events of the novel; the object of Strike's investigation is to determine. John Bristow is Lula's adoptive brother. Charlie Bristow is a boyhood friend of Strike's. Charlie died when he fell into a quarry when he was around ten years old.
Charlie was about six years older than Lula Landry. Alison Cresswell is in a relationship with John Bristow, she works as Cyprian May in their legal practice. Tony Landry is John's maternal uncle, he disapproved of Lula's lifestyle, raised objections to Lula's adoption in the first instance. He has a difficult relationship with his sister. Lady Yvette Bristow is John's adopted mother, she is terminally ill during the events of the novel, her relations with Lula were strained. Sir Alec Bristow is Lady Bristow's late husband, he founded Albris. Sir Alec could not have children of his own, he and Lady Bristow adopted three children: John and Lula Bristow. Lula was adopted. Sir Alec died from a heart attack. Cyprian May is a senior partner at the law firm. Ursula May is Cyprian May's wife. Evan Duffield is an actor with documented drug problems, he was the initial suspect in the media at the time of Lula's death, but has numerous witnesses to an alibi. He argued with Lula before her death. Rochelle Onifade is a homeless friend of Lula's, whom she had known since her teenage years in an outpatient clinic.
Guy Somé is a fashion designer, had a close (though
J. K. Rowling
Joanne Rowling, writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, film producer, television producer and screenwriter, best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series; the books have won multiple awards, sold more than 500 million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history. They have been the basis for a film series, over which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and was a producer on the final films in the series. Born in Yate, England, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990; the seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband and relative poverty until the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, was published in 1997. There were six sequels, of which the last, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was released in 2007.
Since Rowling has written five books for adult readers: The Casual Vacancy and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction novels The Cuckoo's Calling, The Silkworm, Career of Evil, Lethal White. Rowling has lived a "rags to riches" life story, in which she progressed from living on state benefits to being the world's first billionaire author, she lost her billionaire status after giving away much of her earnings to charity, but remains one of the wealthiest people in the world. She is the United Kingdom's bestselling living author, with sales in excess of £238M; the 2016 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling's fortune at £600 million, ranking her as the joint 197th richest person in the UK. Time named her a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social and political inspiration she has given her fans. In October 2010, Rowling was named the "Most Influential Woman in Britain" by leading magazine editors, she has supported charities, including Comic Relief, One Parent Families and Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain, launched her own charity, Lumos.
Although she writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling, her name, before her remarriage, was Joanne Rowling. Anticipating that the target audience of young boys might not want to read a book written by a woman, her publishers asked that she use two initials rather than her full name; as she had no middle name, she chose K as the second initial of her pen name, from her paternal grandmother. She calls herself Jo. Following her remarriage, she has sometimes used the name Joanne Murray when conducting personal business. During the Leveson Inquiry she gave evidence under the name of Joanne Kathleen Rowling and her entry in Who's Who lists her name as Joanne Kathleen Rowling. Rowling was born to Peter James Rowling, a Rolls-Royce aircraft engineer, Anne Rowling, a science technician, on 31 July 1965 in Yate, England, 10 miles northeast of Bristol, her parents first met on a train departing from King's Cross Station bound for Arbroath in 1964. They married on 14 March 1965. One of her maternal great-grandfathers, Dugald Campbell, was Scottish, born in Lamlash on the Isle of Arran.
Her mother's paternal grandfather, Louis Volant, was French, was awarded the Croix de Guerre for exceptional bravery in defending the village of Courcelles-le-Comte during the First World War. Rowling believed he had won the Légion d'honneur during the war, as she said when she received it herself in 2009, she discovered the truth when featured in an episode of the UK genealogy series Who Do You Think You Are?, in which she found out it was a different Louis Volant who won the Legion of Honour. When she heard her grandfather's story of bravery and discovered the croix de guerre was for "ordinary" soldiers like her grandfather, a waiter, she stated the croix de guerre was "better" to her than the Legion of Honour. Rowling's sister Dianne was born at their home; the family moved to the nearby village Winterbourne. As a child, Rowling wrote fantasy stories which she read to her sister. Aged nine, Rowling moved to Church Cottage in the Gloucestershire village of Tutshill, close to Chepstow, Wales.
When she was a young teenager, her great-aunt gave her a copy of Jessica Mitford's autobiography and Rebels. Mitford became Rowling's heroine, Rowling read all of her books. Rowling has said, her home life was complicated by her mother's diagnosis with multiple sclerosis and a strained relationship with her father, with whom she is not on speaking terms. Rowling said that she based the character of Hermione Granger on herself when she was eleven. Sean Harris, her best friend in the Upper Sixth, owned a turquoise Ford Anglia which she says inspired a flying version that appeared in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Like many teenagers, she became interested in pop music, listening to the Clash, the Smiths and Siouxsie Sioux and adopted the look of the latter with back-combed hair and black eyeliner, a look that she would still sport when beginning university; as a child, Rowling attended St Michael's Primary School, a school founded by abolitionist William Wilberforce and education reformer Hannah More.
Her headmaster at St Michael's, Alfred Dunn, has been suggested as the inspiration for the Harry Potter headmaster Albus Dumbledore. She attended secondary school at Wyedean School and College, where her mother worked in the science department. Steve Eddy, her first secondary school English teacher, remembers her as "not exceptional" but "one of a group of girls w