Béhorléguy is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE BEHORLEGI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Ayherre is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aihertars. Ayherre is located in the Arberoue Valley in the former province of Lower Navarre some 23 km east by south-east of Bayonne and east of Hasparren. Access to the commune is by the D10 road from Hasparren which passes through the west of the commune and continues north to La Bastide-Clairence; the D251 branches east off the D10 in the commune and goes to the village continues east to Isturits. The D314 goes south-west from the village to Bonloc; the D14 from Bonloc to Saint-Esteben passes through the south of the commune. The commune is farmland with scattered forests; the commune is located in the drainage basin of the Adour with a dense network of streams covering the commune flowing north-westwards, including the Joyeuse, which forms part of the western border of the commune. The Arbéroue rises in the south of the commune and flows north gathering many tributaries before joining the Lihoury to the north.
The commune name in basque is Aiherra. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, the name comes from the basque ailherr, giving the meaning "place on a slope"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. In the Middle Ages Bildarraitz was an independent area without a church but with its own council, a half-dozen homes were ennobled in 1435; the name may be the joining of bil-, meaning "set" or "a round place", araitz, meaning "blackthorn", "prickly", or "briar". Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Camara: Titles of Camara of Comptos Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona) Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Biscay: Martin Biscay Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV On 18 March 1450, Labourd returned to the French crown after the signing of a peace treaty at the Château of Belzunce in Ayherre which marked the end of English influence in the region.
On that the representatives of Labourd made their submission and, upon payment of 2,000 gold écus secured by the retention of 10 hostages, retained their privileges. List of successive mayors The commune is part of six inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Pays d'Hasparren: Hazparneko lurraldea the AEP association of Arberoue the sanitation association of Adour-Ursula the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques the inter-communal association for the building of a retirement home in the Arberoue Valley the inter-communal association for the crafts zone in Ayherre The declaration of rights in 1749 counted 162 fires in Ayherre. In 2010 the commune had 987 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity in the commune is agricultural.
The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. The Lauak company is located in the industrial zone of Ayherre; the Uhagun Mill on the Aran dates to the 19th century and has been converted into a hydro-electric plant. The commune has three sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Château de Belzunce Prehistoric fortifications on Mount Abarratia Prehistoric fortifications The Parish Church of Saint Pierre is registered as an historical monument; the commune has two primary schools: one in the town and one private school of the Immaculate Conception. Émile Larre, born in 1926 at Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry, was a priest, Bertsolari and French academic in the Basque language. He was an active promoter of basque traditions and attached to the basque modes of expression such as the bertsolarism and Basque Pelota, he was priest of Ayherre from 1969 to 1980. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aiherre in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ayherre official website Community of communes of Pays de Hasparren official website Ayherre on Lion1906 Ayherre on the 1750 Cassini map Ayherre on the INSEE website INSEE
Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The people of the commune are known as Aiziriztar; the commune is part of the Mixe country in the French Basque Country of Lower Navarre. It is located north of Saint-Palais. Highway D29 runs north from Saint-Palais through the entire commune from south to north and passing through the town; the D529 Highway runs east from the commune to its junction with Highway D134. Highway D933 enters the commune in the southeast and runs north along the eastern side of the commune to exit in the north; the commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour and is watered by the Bidouze, a tributary of the Adour, it has its tributaries: the Joyeuse and the Eyherachar and Recalde streams. The commune's name in Basque is Aiziritze-Gamue-Zohazti. For Aïcirits, Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed the Basque etymology aitz, meaning "high" and aratze, meaning "fern patch", giving "high fern patch" or "rocky fern patch".
He indicated that Suhast may come from zuhaztoi, meaning "plantation of trees". The inhabitants of Camou are known as Gamuar and the inhabitants of Suhast are known as Zohaztiar; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Ohix: Navarre: Titles of the Kingdom of Navarre Biscay: Martin Biscay Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Suhast the village of Camou-Mixe, joined Aïcirits and Camou-Mixe on 22 March 1842. List of Successive Mayors of Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast The commune is linked to the following administrative bodies: the catchment area of Saint-Palais Local Agency for Employment of Biarritz the social welfare fund of Bayonne the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Bayonne Basque Country the sanitation sector of Bayonne Saint-Palais-South-West-Landes the subdivision of the Departmental Equipment management of Saint-Palais-Bidache The town depends on the district court of Bayonne, the High Court of Bayonne and the Court of Appeal of Pau.
The commune belongs to six inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Amikuze the AEP union for the Mixe country the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast is classified by the INSEE among the communes which are predominantly rural areas in the hilly agricultural region of the Basque Country, it is part of a favoured agricultural area known as "simple". The registered office of the Lur Berri company, a large food cooperative group, is located in Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast; the town is part of the designated zone of Ossau-iraty. It hosts other companies in the agri-food sector as one of the first fifty two communes of the department: Union agricultural coop feed livestock. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aicirits-Camou-Suhast is eastern low Navarrese; the village has a cave at Camou linked to the Basque legend of Txahalgorri, the young red bull.
The former Chateau of Camou. It contains collections of ancient models of machines from plans of Leonardo da Vinci; the Church of Saint Martin. Martin Landerretche, born on 26 July 1842 at Bussunarits-Sarrasquette and died on 29 January 1930 at Espelette was a bascologue, a priest, writer and a Basque French academic in the Basque language, he was the pastor at Aïcirits. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AIZIRITZE-GAMUE-ZOHAZTI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Lion1906 Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Google Maps Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aïcirits and Suhast on the 1750 Cassini Map Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on the INSEE website INSEE
Béhasque-Lapiste is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BEHASKANE-LAPHIZKETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Armendarits is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Armendariztar. Amendarits is located some 12 km south-west of Saint-Palais and some 8 km north-east of Irissarry and is in the former province of Lower Navarre. Access to the commune is by road D300 from Iholdy in the south to the village; the D8 going east from Iholdy passes through the southern part of the commune. The D245 from Hélette in the west passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D14 just south-east of Méharin. There is the D408 which links the village to the D8 road inside the commune. Apart from a few patches of forest the commune is farmland. Numerous streams rise in the commune: the Erreka Handia and its tributaries flows north past the village, the Iharte flows north to the east of the village, the Ossinako Erreka forms part of the south-western border as it flows south; the commune name in Basque is Armendaritze.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Paul Raymond noted on page 10 of his 1863 dictionary that Armendarits was a former Barony, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. List of Successive Mayors Armendarits is part of seven inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Iholdi-Ostibarre. In 2009 the commune had 381 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural.
The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. Several buildings and sites in the commune are registered as historical monuments: The Jauregia Manor The Urrutia Farmhouse The Uhaldea Farmhouse The Sorogaraia Farmhouse Houses and Farms Other sites of interestA protohistoric fortified place at Elhina; the Parish Church of Saint Peter. Its cemetery contains many Hilarri: The commune has a primary school. Bernard Renau d'Eliçagaray, called little Renau, born in 1652 at Armendarits and died in 1719, was a mathematician, Inspector General of the Navy, in 1689 author of the Theory of Operation of Vessels, he was famous for his Bomb vessels. The pastoral of Soule in 2007 was dedicated to him. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Armendaritze in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Armendarits on Lion1906 Armendarits on Google Maps Armendarits on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Armendaritz on the 1750 Cassini Map Armendarits on the INSEE website INSEE
Arraute-Charritte is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arruetar. Arraute-Charritte is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 40 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 15 km north-west of Saint-Palais. Access to the commune is by the D11 road from Bidache in the north passing through the commune east of the village and continuing to Masparraute in the south. Access to the village is by the D246 from Orègue in the west passing the village south-west to Masparraute; the D313 passes down the western border of the commune from the D11 south of Bidache and joins the D246 west of the village. The D310 goes east from the D11 north of the village to Bergouey-Viellenave. There are forests in the north-east and north-west of the commune with a band of patchy forest through the centre; the rest of the commune is farmland. There is a stop in the commune on bus route 870 from Tardets-Sorholus to Bayonne on the Interurban Network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
The Bidouze river forms the north-eastern border of the commune with the Ruisseau de Mandeheguy flowing into it there. Numerous other streams rise all over the flow east to the Bidouze; the Ruiusseau de Bordaberry rises in the north of the commune and flows west to join the Apatharena which forms the western border of the commune and continues north to join the Lihoury. Numerous other streams rise in the flow to the Apatharena; the commune name in basque is Arrueta-Sarrikota. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that Charrite came from Sarri-ko-ta meaning "place of small bushes". However, there is no certainty of the origin of the name Arraute; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Charritte on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay The commune of Arraute and its village, Charritte-Mixe, were merged on 27 June 1842.
List of Successive Mayors The commune is part of five inter-communal structures: the AEP association of Pays de Mixe. In 2009 the commune had 365 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arraute-Charritte and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty. Dwelling Tax: 9.04% Property tax: 6.39% Business Tax: 7.97%The local economy is based on agriculture: Agriculture: cereals. The village is Basque and has some Maisons à colombages.
The Parish Church of Saint-Pierre in Arraute is registered as an historical monument. The Funeral Chapel of Samacoitz is part of the religious heritage; the Banks of the Bidouze are classified as a Natura 2000 site. Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, Arraute-Charritte have created together an inter-communal educational grouping. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department ARRUETA-SARRIKOTA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Arraute-Charritte on Lion1906 Arraute-Charritte on Google Maps Arraute-Charritte on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arraute and Charritte on the 1750 Cassini Map Arraute-Charritte on the INSEE website INSEE
A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex