Poplar Grove National Cemetery
Poplar Grove National Cemetery is near Petersburg, is managed as part of Petersburg National Battlefield. In July 1862, Congress passed legislation giving the President of the United States the authority to purchase land for the establishment of cemeteries "for the soldiers who shall die in the service of their country." This legislation began the National Cemetery system. At Petersburg, implementation of this system did not begin until 1866. During the Siege of Petersburg, Union soldiers who were killed in battle were hastily buried near where the fighting took place, some in single shallow pits, others in mass graves. Identification was as simple as a name carved on a wooden headboard, if there was time to leave that. Most of these soldiers were not given a proper burial, save what their comrades could provide by saying a few words over them; some units, like the IX Corps, had small cemeteries near their filled hospitals for soldiers who died while in their care. In 1866, Lt. Colonel James Moore began his survey of the Petersburg area to locate land for a National Cemetery.
A farm just south of the city was chosen. This tract of land had been the campground for the 50th New York Volunteer Engineers. During the war they constructed. With the cemetery now established, work began to move 5,000 Union soldiers from nearly 100 separate burial sites around Petersburg. Bodies were moved from nine Virginia counties, reaching as far west as Virginia. About 100 men comprised the "burial corps." With ten army wagons, forty mules, twelve saddle horses, these men began their search and recovery mission. One observer noted, "a hundred men were deployed in a line a yard apart, each examining half a yard of ground on both sides as they proceeded, thus was swept a space five hundred yards in breadth... In this manner the whole battlefield was to be searched; when a grave was found, the entire line halted until the body was removed. Many graves were marked with stakes, but some were to be discovered only by the disturbed appearance of the ground; those bodies, buried in trenches were but little decomposed, while those buried singly in boxes, not much was left but bones and dust."
Remains were placed in a plain wooden coffin. The burial corps worked for three years until 1869. In that time they reinterred 6,718 remains. Much the same fate was suffered by the nearly 30,000 Confederate dead buried at Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg. Of them, only about 2,000 names are known. Places like Poplar Grove National Cemetery reflect the tragedy that befell the United States during the Civil War; each simple headstone is a poignant reminder of the human cost of war. In 1933 responsibility of the cemetery was transferred from the War Department to the National Park Service. Poplar Grove is one of fourteen National Cemeteries administered by the NPS, it is closed for burials. National Park Service: Poplar Grove National Cemetery National Park Service: Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System Cultural Landscape Report for Poplar Grove National Cemetery, Petersburg National Battlefield, Dinwiddie County, Virginia U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Poplar Grove National Cemetery Poplar Grove National Cemetery at Find a Grave
Quantico National Cemetery
Quantico National Cemetery is a national cemetery in Triangle, Virginia for veterans who served in the United States Armed Forces. Adjacent to and part of Marine Corps Base Quantico, it was established as a national cemetery in 1983 with an area of 725 acres. Quantico National Cemetery is located on land, part of the U. S. Marine Corps training base adjacent to Quantico in Virginia; the land has been used by the military for over 200 years. First, around 1775 by the Commonwealth of Virginia for Navy operations, as a blockade point for the Confederate Army during the Civil War. In 1918 a permanent Marine base was established at Quantico; the Marine Corps Schools, a forerunner of the Marine Corps Development and Education Command, was created there in 1921. Since 1941, the focus of the base has been individual education rather than unit training. In 1977, the Marine Corps donated 725 acres of this land to the U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Cemetery Administration, to establish a facility at Quantico.
The cemetery was formally dedicated on May 15, 1983. There are seven memorials in all. A monument to Edson’s Raiders was the first memorial dedicated at Quantico National Cemetery, unveiled on the memorial pathway on August 6, 1989, it is dedicated to the 800 members of the First Marine Raider Battalion, which from August 1942 to October 1943, played a key role in helping the outnumbered American forces push back Japanese troops in the British Solomon Islands. The Purple Heart Memorial was dedicated August 7, 1990, in honor of Purple Heart medal recipients interred at the cemetery; the Purple Heart was created by General George Washington in 1782 and was awarded for heroism. It fell into disuse until 1931 when Gen. Douglas MacArthur revived it for soldiers who were wounded or killed in defense of their nation. Additional memorials honor: the Fourth Marine or “Fighting Fourth” Division. Captain Frederick C. Branch, first African-American officer of the Marine Corps. Hector A. Cafferata Jr. recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War.
John Cephas, blues guitarist and singer, served with the US Army in the Korean War. Charles Colson, Watergate figure and Evangelical Christian leader. Herbert Harris, Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia. Colonel William "Rich" Higgins, was captured by a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim group in February 1988 in Beirut while serving as chief of a UN observer group, his kidnappers killed him in July 1990. A cenotaph was erected until his body was repatriated in 1991. Chuck Hinton, Major League Baseball player. Louis R. Lowery, a World War II Marine combat photographer, took the picture of the first U. S. flag rising on top of Iwo Jima's Mount Suribachi in 1945. Matthew G. Martínez, US Representative. Samuel R. Shaw, Brigadier general in the Marine Corps and advisor to President John F. Kennedy in the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Eugene M. Stoner and firearm designer who developed the AR-15. Leon Uris, American novelist and USMC PFC in World War II, his novel Battle Cry was based on his experiences.
General Lewis W. Walt, Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1968–1971. Department of Veteran Affairs National Cemetery Administration: Quantico National Cemetery U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Quantico National Cemetery
Shenandoah National Park
Shenandoah National Park is a national park that encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the U. S. state of Virginia. The park is long and narrow, with the broad Shenandoah River and Valley on the west side, the rolling hills of the Virginia Piedmont on the east. Although the scenic Skyline Drive is the most prominent feature of the park 40% of the land area 79,579 acres has been designated as wilderness and is protected as part of the National Wilderness Preservation System; the highest peak is Hawksbill Mountain at 4,051 feet. The park encompasses parts of eight counties. On the west side of Skyline Drive they are, from northeast to southwest, Page and Augusta counties. On the east side of Skyline Drive they are Rappahannock, Madison and Albemarle counties; the park stretches for 105 miles along Skyline Drive from near the town of Front Royal in the northeast to near the city of Waynesboro in the southwest. The park headquarters are located in Luray. Shenandoah National Park lies along the Blue Ridge Mountains in north-central Virginia.
These mountains form a distinct highland rising to elevations above 4,000 feet. Local topographic relief between the Blue Ridge Mountains and Shenandoah Valley exceeds 3,000 feet at some locations; the crest of the range divides the Shenandoah River drainage basin, part of the Potomac River drainage, on the west side, from the James and Rappahannock River drainage basins on the east side. Some of the rocks exposed in the park date to over one billion years in age, making them among the oldest in Virginia. Bedrock in the park includes Grenville-age granitic basement rocks and a cover sequence of metamorphosed Neoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Swift Run and Catoctin formations. Columns of Catoctin Formation metamorphosed basalt can be seen at Compton Peak. Clastic rocks of the Chilhowee Group are of early Cambrian age. Quaternary surficial deposits cover much of the bedrock throughout the park; the park is located along the western part of the Blue Ridge anticlinorium, a regional-scale Paleozoic structure at the eastern margin of the Appalachian fold and thrust belt.
Rocks within the park were folded, faulted and metamorphosed during the late Paleozoic Alleghanian orogeny. The rugged topography of Blue Ridge Mountains is a result of differential erosion during the Cenozoic, although some post-Paleozoic tectonic activity occurred in the region. Legislation to create a national park in the Appalachian mountains was first introduced by new Virginia congressman Henry D. Flood in 1901, but despite the support of President Theodore Roosevelt, failed to pass; the first national park was Yellowstone, in Wyoming and Idaho. It was signed into law in 1872. Yosemite National Park was created in 1890; when Congress created the National Park Service in 1916, additional parks had maintained the western pattern. Grand Canyon and Acadia were all created in 1919 during the administration of Virginia-born president Woodrow Wilson. Acadia broke the western mold, becoming the first eastern national park, it was based on donations from wealthy private landowners. Stephen Mather, the first NPS director, saw a need for a national park in the southern states, solicited proposals in his 1923 year-end report.
In May 1925, Congress and President Calvin Coolidge authorized the NPS to acquire a minimum of 250,000 acres and a maximum of 521,000 acres to form Shenandoah National Park, authorized creation of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. However, the legislation required that no federal funds would be used to acquire the land. Thus, Virginia needed to raise private funds, could authorize state funds and use its eminent domain power to acquire the land to create Shenandoah National Park. Virginia's Democratic gubernatorial candidate, Harry F. Byrd supported creation of Shenandoah National Park, as did his friend William E. Carson, a businessman who had become Virginia's first chairman of the Commission on Conservation and Development. Development of the western national parks had assisted tourism, which produced jobs, which Byrd and local politicians supported; the land that became Shenandoah park was scenic and had lost about half of its trees to the Chestnut blight. However, it had been held as private property for over a century, so many farms and orchards existed.
After Byrd became governor and convinced the legislature to appropriate $1 million for land acquisition and other work and his teams tried to figure out who owned the land. They found that it consisted of more than 5,000 parcels, some of them inhabited by tenant farmers or squatters; some landowners, including wealthy resort owner George Freeman Pollock and Luray Realtor and developer L. Ferdinand Zerkel, had long wanted the park created and had formed the Northern Virginia Park Association to win over the national park selection committee. However, many local families who had lived in the area for generations did not want to sell their land, some refused to sell at any price. Carson promised that if they sold to the state, they could still live on their homesteads for the rest of their lives. Carson lobbied the new president Herbert
New Kent County, Virginia
New Kent County is a county in the eastern part the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 18,429, its county seat is New Kent. New Kent County is included in the Greater Richmond Region. New Kent County was established in 1654, using territory annexed from York County and was organized and settled by William Claiborne; the county's name originated because several prominent inhabitants, including William Claiborne had been forced from their settlement at Kent Island, Maryland by Lord Baltimore upon the formation of Maryland. Claiborne had named the island for his birthplace in England. New Kent County is the birthplace of two US presidents' wives - Martha Washington and Letitia Christian Tyler; the church where George and Martha Washington are believed to have been wed, St. Peters, still holds services today; the Chickahominy Indians frequented this area as well as nearby Charles City County, two tribes are still well-established in this area. Among the earliest settlers of New Kent County was Nicholas Gentry, who settled in New Kent in 1684.
The parish register books of St. Peter's Parish show that Nicholas Gentry's daughter was baptized in the church in 1687; the records reflect other Gentrys Nicholas Gentry's relations and Samuel Gentry. As the result of arson confessed to by John Price Posey and Tho Green, involving "a negro boy belonging to W. Chamberlayne" on July 15, 1787, many county records were burned, making identifying relationships between family members difficult. Due to the "many Inconveniencys" suffered by the "Upper Inhabitants by reason of their Great distance from the Court house and other places appointed for publick meetings", New Kent County was divided "into Two distinct Countys and that that part of the County lyeing below the parish of Saint Paul shall for Ever thereafter be called and knowne by the Name of New Kent County And that that part of the County which lyeth in the parish of Saint Paul Shall be called and knowne by the Name of Hannover County". In 1720, a portion of New Kent County known as St. Paul's Parish was formed into a separate county, now Hanover County.
In 2006, the US Census Bureau rated New Kent County among the top 100 fastest-growing counties in the U. S; the northeast border of the county is defined by the meanderings of the Pamunkey River, the southwest county border is defined by the Chickahominy River. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, either wooded or devoted to agriculture, carved by drainages; the terrain slopes to the east and south, with its highest point on the west border at 174' ASL. The county has a total area of 223 square miles, of which 210 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water; the Chickahominy River borders the county to the south, the Pamunkey and York rivers border it to the north and east. Crawfords State Forest Cumberland marsh Natural Area Preserve As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,429 people in the county. 81.7% were White, 13.5% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% of some other race and 2.3% of two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino. 15.2 % were of 11.7 % American, 10.6 % German and 9.4 % Irish ancestry.
At the 2000 United States Census, there were 13,462 people, 4,925 households and 3,895 families in the county. The population density was 64.1/sqmi. There were 5,203 housing units at an average density of 24.8/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 80.26% White, 16.20% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,925 households of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males. The median household income was $53,595, the median family income was $60,678. Males had a median income of $40,005 versus $28,894 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,893. 4.90% of the population and 3.40% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.40% are under the age of 18 and 7.00% are 65 or older. New Kent County has four schools within the school system. There are two elementary schools, New Kent Elementary, George W. Watkins Elementary; the school system includes New Kent Middle School and New Kent High School. All four schools are accredited by the Virginia Department of Education. At the high school level various honors and advanced placement courses are available along with dual enrollment through Rappahannock Community College. Gifted and enrichment programs are offered in all grades K-12.
There are over 430 employees including 220 licensed teachers, seven guidance counselors, four media specialists, four principals, five assistant principals, a central office staff composed of 1 Superintendent and 5 Directors. The current superintendent is Rick Richardson, the assistant superintendent is Ed Smith. New Kent County received a new site for Rappahannock Community College in 2015, located at the renovated "historic" New Kent High School site
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail known as the Appalachian Trail or the A. T. is a marked hiking trail in the Eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. The trail is about 2,200 miles long, though the exact length changes over time as parts are modified or rerouted; the Appalachian Trail Conservancy describes the Appalachian Trail as the longest hiking-only trail in the world. More than 2 million people are said to take a hike on part of the trail at least once each year; the idea of the Appalachian Trail came about in 1921. The trail itself was completed in 1937 after more than a decade of work, although improvements and changes continue, it is maintained by 31 trail clubs and multiple partnerships, managed by the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, the nonprofit Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Most of the trail is in forest or wild lands, although some portions traverse towns and farms, it passes through 14 states: Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine.
Thru-hikers attempt to hike the trail in its entirety in a single season. The number of thru-hikes per year has increased with 715 northbound and 133 southbound thru-hikes reported for 2017. Many books, documentaries and fan organizations are dedicated to the pursuit; some hike from one end to the other turn around and thru-hike the trail the other way, known as a "yo-yo". An extension known as the International Appalachian Trail continues northeast, crossing Maine and cutting through Canada to Newfoundland, with sections continuing in Greenland, through Europe, into Morocco. Other separate extensions continue the southern end of the Appalachian range in Alabama and continue south into Florida, creating what is known as the Eastern Continental Trail; the Appalachian Trail, the Continental Divide Trail, the Pacific Crest Trail form what is known as the Triple Crown of Hiking in the United States. The trail was conceived by Benton MacKaye, a forester who wrote his original plan—called "An Appalachian Trail, A Project in Regional Planning"—shortly after the death of his wife in 1921.
MacKaye's idea detailed a grand trail that would connect a series of farms and wilderness work/study camps for city-dwellers. In 1922, at the suggestion of Major William A. Welch, director of the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, his idea was publicized by Raymond H. Torrey with a story in the New York Evening Post under a full-page banner headline reading "A Great Trail from Maine to Georgia!" The idea was adopted by the new Palisades Interstate Park Trail Conference as their main project. On October 7, 1923, the first section of the trail, from Bear Mountain west through Harriman State Park to Arden, New York, was opened. MacKaye called for a two-day Appalachian Trail conference to be held in March 1925 in Washington, D. C; this meeting inspired the formation of the Appalachian Trail Conference. A retired judge named Arthur Perkins and his younger associate Myron Avery took up the cause. In 1929, a member of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association and its Blue Blazed Trails committee, found Ned Anderson, a farmer in Sherman, who took on the task of mapping and blazing the Connecticut leg of the trail.
It ran from Dog Tail Corners in Webatuck, New York, which borders Kent, Connecticut, at Ashley Falls, 50 miles through the northwest corner of the state, up to Bear Mountain at the Massachusetts border. Anderson's efforts helped spark renewed interest in the trail, Avery was able to bring other states on board. Upon taking over the ATC, Avery adopted the more practical goal of building a simple hiking trail, he and MacKaye clashed over the ATC's response to a major commercial development along the trail's path. Avery reigned as Chairman of the ATC from 1932 to 1952. Avery became the first to walk the trail end-to-end, though not as a thru-hike, in 1936. In August 1937, the trail was completed to Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine, the ATC shifted its focus toward protecting the trail lands and mapping the trail for hikers. Many of the trail's present highlights were not part of the trail in 1937: Roan Mountain, North Carolina and Tennessee. Except for places where the Civilian Conservation Corps was brought in, the original trail climbed straight up and down mountains, creating rough hiking conditions and a treadway prone to severe erosion.
The ATC's trail crews and volunteer trail-maintaining clubs have relocated or rehabilitated miles of trail since that time. In 1936, a 121-day Maine to Georgia veteran's group funded and supported thru-hike was reported to have been completed, with all but three miles of the new trail cleared and blazed, by six Boy Scouts from New York City and their guides; the completed thru-hike was much recorded and accepted by the Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association. In 1938, the trail sustained major damage from a hurricane; this happened right before the start of World War II
George Washington Memorial Parkway
The George Washington Memorial Parkway, colloquially the G. W. Parkway, is a 25-mile-long parkway that runs along the south bank of the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, northwest to McLean, is maintained by the National Park Service, it is located entirely within Virginia, except for a short portion of the parkway northwest of the Arlington Memorial Bridge that passes over Columbia Island within the District of Columbia. The parkway is separated into two sections joined by Washington Street in Alexandria. A third section, the Clara Barton Parkway, runs on the opposite side of the Potomac River in the District of Columbia and suburban Montgomery County, Maryland. A fourth section was proposed for Fort Washington, but never built; the parkway has been designated an All-American Road. Virginia's official state designation for the parkway is State Route 90005. At Mount Vernon, the parkway begins at a traffic circle, where it joins/leaves SR 235. Most of this route was taken from the Washington and Mount Vernon Railway's right-of-way.
The southern section with at-grade intersections. It extends from Mount Vernon, past Fort Hunt to South Washington Street at the southern end of Alexandria; the Mount Vernon Trail parallels the southern and middle sections of the parkway, is filled with recreational and commuter cyclists and runners. Points of interest on or near the parkway are Mount Vernon Plantation, Huntley Meadows Park, P. O. Box 1142, Fort Hunt Park, Dyke Marsh, Hunting Creek, Jones Point, the Woodrow Wilson Bridge. Although designated as part of the George Washington Memorial Parkway, Washington Street in Alexandria still belongs to and is maintained by the City of Alexandria. In 1929, the city and the federal government entered into a memorandum of agreement; the MOA gave the federal government a irrevocable easement over Washington Street. It called for the construction of roundabouts at both the north and south ends of Washington Street as transition points between the rural and urban sections of the parkway; the MOA required Alexandria to adopt zoning regulations so that construction along Washington Street would be "of such character and of such types of buildings as will be in keeping with the dignity and memorial character of said highway".
Commercial vehicles, such as trucks, are prohibited from the George Washington Memorial Parkway. However and airport shuttles are allowed to operate on the parkway; the northern section extends from North Washington Street at First Street, at the northern end of Old Town Alexandria, to its terminus at Interstate 495, in Fairfax County, just south of the Potomac River. It follows the Potomac River, passing through Arlington County, serves as the primary access point to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport; the Parkway provides automobile access to Theodore Roosevelt Island, the LBJ National Grove, Gravelly Point Park, Fort Marcy, Columbia Island Marina and Turkey Run Park. There are scenic view rest areas for those wishing to view the Georgetown skyline and the Potomac Palisades; the cloverleaf interchange with the 14th Street Bridge, dating to 1932, is one of the oldest cloverleaf interchanges in the United States. The Spout Run Parkway connects the George Washington Memorial Parkway to US Route 29, providing an indirect connection to I-66.
The portion of the parkway north of National Airport and SR 233 is part of the National Highway System. The trip by DC area residents to see George Washington's family estate at Mount Vernon was seen in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a patriotic duty as well as an opportunity to learn about American history and democratic values. In the late 19th century, most people took a steamboat excursion from DC. By the 1920s, 200,000 people a year were visiting Mount Vernon. In the 1880s, officials in Alexandria, attempted to boost local commerce by advocating for a "national road" to Mt. Vernon, they formed the Mount Vernon Avenue Association in September 1887. Congress appropriated $10,000 for a survey in 1889; the United States Army Corps of Engineers conducted the survey, in its report agreed that a superior, no-expense-spared road from Alexandria to Mount Vernon was necessary. However, construction of the Washington and Mount Vernon Railway between 1892 and 1896 dealt a serious blow to the plan.
During the Alexandria Sesquicentennial in 1899, several Alexandria civic boosters called for a bridge to be built between Alexandria and Washington, DC. This reignited interest in a roadway to Mount Vernon; the idea generated interest among many of the individuals active in the City Beautiful movement, Colonial Revival architecture movement, groups dedicated to promoting local and national history. Soon, the idea of a roadway became a call for a grandiose, monumental avenue lined with Beaux-Arts memorials and roadside attractions; the idea received more impetus when the Daughters of the American Revolution took up the cause. In 1902, the McMillan Plan endorsed a road along the Virginia side of the Potomac River shoreline. Although Virginia was outside the plan's scope, the Senate Park Commission saw a Mount Vernon avenue as an extension of the DC park system as well as a means of protecting the Great Falls of the Potomac River and the Potomac Palisades; the McMillan Plan, focused not on a monumental avenue but on tree-lined boulevards and quiet carriage paths designed to relax and calm.
The Mount Vernon Avenue Association disbanded
Colonial National Historical Park
Colonial National Historical Park is located in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia and is operated by the National Park Service of the United States government. The park protects and interprets several sites relating to the Colony of Virginia and the history of the United States more broadly, ranging from the site of the first landing of the English settlers who would settle at Jamestown, to the battlefields of Yorktown where the British Army was defeated in the American Revolutionary War. Over 3 million people visit the park each year; the park includes the Colonial Parkway, a scenic 23-mile parkway linking the three points of Virginia's Historic Triangle: Jamestown and Yorktown and running through the historic district of Colonial Williamsburg. The Colonial Parkway is located in James City County, York County, the city of Williamsburg; the park includes the original site of Jamestown known in modern times as Historic Jamestowne. Located in James City County at the southern end of the Colonial Parkway, it encompasses the area of Jamestown Island, including the Jamestown Glasshouse, is adjacent to the Commonwealth of Virginia's complementary attraction known as Jamestown Settlement.
At the northern end of the Colonial Parkway, in York County at Yorktown, the park operates the Yorktown Battlefield. The Nelson House, built around 1724, may have served as Cornwallis's headquarters during the final battle of the Revolutionary War, the battlefield was the site of the British defeat. Both the house and the historic siege earthworks were restored in 1976; the Moore House is located in the eastern part of the park and is where surrender negotiations took place in 1781. Nearby, the state-operated Yorktown Victory Center and the Yorktown Riverwalk Landing area are located. Sir William Berkeley, who held the colonial governorship during the longest periods of any individual, used his Green Spring Plantation as an experimental farm to attempt to develop sources of income for the colony other than cultivated tobacco and traded furs; the preserved portion of the site of Green Spring has been untouched since the second dwelling there and dependencies were destroyed during the American Civil War, promising a rich archaeological dig area to follow upon recent discoveries at the Park's location on Jamestown Island.
The Cape Henry Memorial, site of the first landing of the Captain Christopher Newport and the soon-to-be Jamestown colonists in 1607, is located in the city of Virginia Beach, Virginia at Cape Henry. Open to the public, it is located off U. S. Route 60 on the Navy base Joint Expeditionary Base East. Colonial National Monument was authorized on July 3, 1930, it was established on December 30, 1930. On June 5, 1936, it was redesignated a national historical park; the cemetery at Yorktown was transferred from the War Department to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933. Jamestown National Historic Site, is co-owned by the National Park Service and Preservation Virginia and administered by the NPS, was designated on December 18, 1940. Preservation Virginia owns 22 acres containing the remains of the original 1607 fort; the National Park Service owns the remaining 1,178 acres of the island which contains the archeological remains of the expanded towne and its island plantation sites. As with all historical areas administered by the National Park Service, Colonial National Historical Park and Jamestown National Historic Site are listed on the National Register of Historic Places of the U.
S. Department of the Interior. Island Drive, a historic road within the park. Historic American Engineering Record No. VA-115, "Colonial National Historical Park Roads & Bridges, York County, VA", 119 data pages Official NPS website: Colonial National Historical Park Cape Henry Memorial Green Spring Plantation Friends of Green Spring a large interactive web site with streaming video and essays Jamestown National Historic Site Yorktown Battlefield Yorktown National Cemetery Yorktown National Cemetery - a roster and photo of burials More information on the Battle of Yorktown