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Game Players

Game Players is a defunct monthly video game magazine founded by Robert C. Lock in 1989 and published by Signal Research in Greensboro, North Carolina; the original publication began as Game Players Strategy to Nintendo Games. The magazine evolved over the years, spinning off a separate publication called Game Players Sega Genesis Guide when Sega entered the console market; these two magazines were folded together into one magazine. In 1996, the magazine changed its name to Ultra Game Players and introduced a radically different format. At the end of its run, it turned into Game Buyer, before being cancelled in 1998. Around 1992, Signal Research was shut down by investors that seized the company because of fiscal mismanagement; the publishing house was revived by an investment group as GP Publications, with the intention of being sold. About a year GP publications was purchased by Future Publishing UK as an entry into the North American media publishing field; the newly acquired publication was used as a foundation to start a for a new American publishing company operated under the name of Imagine Media.

Games Players is the first video game magazine. The magazine featured mini-strategy guides, paper toys, trading cards and other branded items and extras, like posters for games, that were included when the issue was polybagged. During 1989 and 1990, the company put out a total of 16 "GameTapes", which were VHS tapes that showed how to beat certain NES games. Humor is included in every videogame review and image caption. Readers' letters come at the beginning of the magazine and are one of the highlights of the magazine; the magazine includes a "newsletter" with irreverent jokes about magazine staffers, as well as cartoons. The introduction of Ultra Game Players was intended to coincide with the release of the Nintendo 64 and Super Mario 64, as the Nintendo 64 went by the name Nintendo Ultra 64. Ultra Game Players features an updated design which places the readers' letters at the end of the magazine. One of the features of Ultra Game Players is a "prize store" in which readers answered trivia questions for chances to win prizes.

However, many readers complained that the humor that had made Game Players such an enjoyable magazine was missing from the Ultra version, which prompted a return to form soon after the switch. Ultra Game Players continued until June 1998. Game Buyer ran for four more months before being cancelled by Imagine Publishing. Associate Publisher & Creative Director Vince Matthews went on to lead Future's Special Projects group. After leaving Future, Vince became the Director of Marketing for Conspiracy Entertainment and went to work for The Walt Disney Company. Former magazine Editor in Chief Chris Slate helped launch PSM, became Editor in Chief at Nintendo Power, is now Editor in Chief of MacLife. Managing Editor Bill Donohue went on to PSM. Francesca Reyes became Editor in Chief at another Future publication. Frank O'Connor, who helmed the issues of UGP and Game Buyer is now at Microsoft, became director of the Halo franchise. Roger Burchill became Managing Editor at PSM. Vince DiMiceli became the editor of The Brooklyn Paper.

Chris Charla went to Microsoft and now heads the Xbox One's Independent Developers division. Mike Salmon became Editor in Chief of PC Accelerator magazine and Official Xbox Magazine, is Director of Research and Planning for 2K Games. Official website Game Players at the Internet Archive Game Players / Ultra Game Players at the Wayback Machine

Gheorghe Cacoveanu

Gheorghe Cornel Cacoveanu was a Romanian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder, most notably for Steaua Bucureşti. His debut for Metalul Câmpia Turzii came in 1951, he promoted in the Romanian first division with his team and played well in Divizia A. He moved to Bucharest in 1955 playing only a season for Progresul Bucureşti before moving to Steaua Bucureşti, he played nine years for this team. At his end of career, he played for Dinamo Piteşti, Minerul Baia Mare and his last team, the obscure third division club Tehnometal. Steaua BucureștiRomanian League: 1956, 1960, 1961 Romanian Cup: 1962 Profile at Gheorghe Cacoveanu at and

Ireland–South Africa relations

There is a historical and current bilateral relationship between Ireland and South Africa. Both countries have established embassies in Dublin and Pretoria. Ireland's South African embassy oversees matters in both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. Former President of South Africa Jacob Zuma said there exists a "special relationship" between the two countries. In 2006 South Africa was Ireland's "33rd most important trading partner" and in 2008 trade between the two countries was worth more than €500 million per annum according to RTÉ. Irish missionaries have been working in South Africa since before 1860; the opening of bilateral relations was considered by both governments in the 1930s and 1940s, following a successful state visit by South African prime minister General J. B. M. Hertzog to Dublin in 1930. At that time, connections between the two "restless dominions" were cordial, based on an earlier Irish nationalist identification with the Boer cause during the South African War of 1899–1902, but cost concerns prevented an exchange of high commissioners.

There were regular private visits by South Africa's London-based high commissioners, most notably Charles te Water in the 1930s, Dr A. L. Geyer, a guest of Taoiseach Éamon de Valera in 1952. While purely financial considerations had prevented the mutual exchange of ambassadors, by the 1960s a principled stand against apartheid came to prevent such an upgrading of relations; as a result, Ireland was the only EU country that did not have full diplomatic relations with South Africa until 1993. An exchange of ambassadors was agreed with the De Klerk administration in anticipation of the ending of apartheid, despite vociferous protests from the Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement, led by Kader and Louise Asmal, which regarded such relations as premature; the Irish embassy opened in Pretoria in 1994. From the early 1960s Ireland vehemently opposed apartheid in South Africa. South African Nelson Mandela a dissident president, was awarded the Freedom of the City of Dublin in 1988 while a political prisoner.

Diplomatic ties between the two countries were established in 1994. In November 2003, Brian Cowen, while touring Africa as Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs, promised South African President Thabo Mbeki that Ireland would highlight African problems when it ascended to the Council Presidency of the European Union in January 2004. Deputy President of South Africa Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka and many other South African government ministers met President of Ireland Mary McAleese, Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and other Irish officials in Dublin in November 2006, they came to examine the Celtic Tiger. Micheál Martin led a trade mission to South Africa in September 2006. Contracts were signed. Bertie Ahern and Micheál Martin led a three-day trade mission to South Africa in January 2008. ESB International and Eskom signed a new €4.5 million contract at Eskom's Johannesburg HQ. Other trade deals between the two countries came about too; the Irish Aid – South Africa programme was established by the Government of Ireland in 1994.

The Niall Mellon Township Trust has been in operation since 2002 and hosts an annual building blitz which aims to make life better for the people of South Africa's townships. 15,000 houses were constructed between 2002 and 2010. Taoiseach Bertie Ahern visited it while in South Africa in 2008. South African President Jacob Zuma hosted a reception for Mellon at his private residence in Cape Town in November 2010, describing the work done by Ireland as "unique" and "very powerful". Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland Foreign relations of South Africa Melanie Verwoerd Irish embassy in Pretoria South African embassy in Dublin Irish Ambassador to South Africa Interview at RTÉ.ie

Blakiston's Line

The Blakiston Line or Blakiston's Line is a faunal boundary line drawn between two of the four largest islands of Japan: Hokkaidō in the north and Honshū, south of it. It can be compared with faunal boundary lines like the Wallace Line. Certain animal species can only be found north of Blakiston's Line, while certain other species can only be found south of it. Thomas Blakiston, who lived in Japan from 1861 to 1884 and who spent much of that time in Hakodate, was the first person to notice that animals in Hokkaidō, Japan's northern island, were related to northern Asian species, whereas those on Honshū to the south were related to those from southern Asia; the Tsugaru Strait between the two islands was therefore established as a zoogeographical boundary, became known as Blakiston's Line. This finding was first published to the Asiatic Society of Japan in a paper of 14 February 1883, named Zoological Indications of Ancient Connection of the Japan islands with the Continent; the difference in the fauna can be attributed to land bridges that may have existed in the past.

Whilst Hokkaido may have had land bridges to the north of Asia, via Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, the other islands of Japan like Honshu and Kyushu, may have been connected to the Asian continent via the Korean Peninsula. As to when these land bridges existed, scientists do not agree with each other, it may have been between 26,000 and 18,000 years ago, it may have been than that. Sakhalin, the island just north of Japan, Hokkaido may have been connected to the mainland as as 10,000 years ago or less. Apart from these former land bridges, there are more factors that play a role in why there is a difference in the fauna north and south of the line: The Tsugaru Strait is deep, the maximum depth is 449 m; the narrowest part of the Tsugaru Strait is 12.1 miles. Currents in the Tsugaru Strait are strong, tidal currents coincide with ocean currents The climate in the north is far colder than that in the south. Besides birds, animals that are of different origins north and south of the Blakiston Line include wolves and chipmunks.

Monkeys do not live north of Blakiston's Line. The following table gives some examples of animal species involved: Note that species that can only be found on the Ryukyu Islands are excluded from this table though their habitat is south of Blakiston's Line, as other factors account for their distribution. Besides animal species that can only be found either north or south of Blakiston's Line, there are many that can be found at either side of the line, in part because of human involvement. Examples of the latter are the Japanese Shorthorn, a breed of small Japanese beef cattle, distributed in northern Honshu and in Hokkaido, the Japanese weasel, introduced to Hokkaido by human intervention, it has been studied whether or not this biogeographic boundary applies to far smaller organisms like soil microbes. Apart from Blakiston's Line, other faunal boundary lines have been proposed for Japan, like Watase’s line: for mammals, reptiles and spiders, Hatta’s line: for reptiles and freshwater invertebrates, Hachisuka’s line for birds and Miyake’s line for insects.

There has been speculation about why Blakiston was the person who discovered this faunal boundary line and no one before him had done so. Andrew Davis, a professor at Hokkaido University for four years, argued that this may have been because of his unusual position in Japanese society as a European. Blakiston spent much time researching bird species in Japan. At that time, Japanese ornithology was at its infancy. In 1886 Leonhard Stejneger remarked: "Our knowledge of Japanese ornithology is only fragmentary" The years after his stay in Japan, Blakiston made publications on birds in Japan in general and on water birds of Japan in particular. Bird species like Blakiston's Fish Owl and Regulus regulus japonensis Blakiston have been named after him. In Hakodate, Blakiston made a large collection of birds, located at the museum of Hakodate; the distributions of many bird species observe the Blakiston line, since many birds do not cross the shortest stretches of open ocean water. For his discovery of Blakiston's Line, a monument was erected in his honor on Mount Hakodate


The OsnabrückHalle is a prominent events building in the city of Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, Germany. In 1899 construction started on the first Stadthalle at Kollegienwall, close to Neumarkt, having been commissioned by the “Aktiengesellschaft Osnabrücker Vereinshaus”, it was used as a venue for other events. In 1934 Theo Burlage and Bruno Dichler extended the Stadthalle to be able to accommodate 5,000 people. From 1917 to 1944 the right-hand side of the building with the corner towers served as an orphanage for around 100 children. A series of Allied air raids at the start of 1943 led to an evacuation of the 70 or so children occupying the building, who were transferred to the Mutterhaus in Thuine. On 13 September 1944 the entire Stadthalle, along with all of its extensions, was destroyed in a bombing attack. After World War II barracks accommodation for the Handwerkskammer Osnabrück was set up on the gardens of the old Stadthalle. Today a multi-storey car park and the district court – built in 1969 and located directly on Kollegienwall – occupy this area.

During the mid-1970s plans were put together for a new Stadthalle, built on the garden of Osnabrück Castle. The new Stadthalle Osnabrück was opened on 12 January 1979; the opening phase took four days, with 50,000 people visiting the new event centre. Major extensions began in 1996: a multi-purpose foyer was built on the ground floor along with a congress hall on the first floor; the Stadthalle hosts congresses, conferences and various cultural and social events. The Stadthalle Osnabrück was renamed the OsnabrückHalle in 2008; the OsnabrückHalle was extensively renovated from March to September 2013. Additions made during the first phase of construction included three new conference rooms, a structured foyer with a new cloakroom facility and two lifts heading all the way up to the second-floor gallery; the Europasaal on the first floor was given a complete structural renovation and was kitted out with new stage machinery along with modern lighting and loudspeakers. An imposing triple-glazed glass façade offering views over the castle gardens stretches from the ground floor to the second floor.

A number of bars and counters throughout the whole building and friendly interior design and the provision of modern technology throughout all renovated areas rounded off the first phase of development. During summer 2014 the artists’ cloakrooms and the administrative wing with its adjacent façade were renovated. A second phase of renovation is scheduled to take place from March to August 2016. Plans for this phase include the modernisation of the three conference rooms on the first floor, the Niedersachsen-Saal and the entire exterior façade. Renovation of the building will be complete with the conclusion of this phase. OsnabrückHalle website

Carl Hubbell

Carl Owen Hubbell, nicknamed "The Meal Ticket" and "King Carl", was an American Major League Baseball player. He was a pitcher for the New York Giants of the National League from 1928 to 1943, remained on the team's payroll for the rest of his life, long after their move to San Francisco. Twice voted the National League's Most Valuable Player, Hubbell was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1947. During 1936 and 1937, Hubbell set the major league record for consecutive wins by a pitcher with 24, he is best remembered for his performance in the 1934 All-Star Game, when he struck out five future Hall of Famers – Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin – in succession. Hubbell's primary pitch was the screwball. Hubbell was born in Carthage and raised in Meeker, Oklahoma. Hubbell was signed by the Detroit Tigers and was invited to spring training in 1926. However, pitching coach George McBride and player-manager Ty Cobb weren't impressed with him. Additionally, they were concerned about his reliance on a screwball, a pitch that some believe places an unusual amount of stress on a pitcher's arm.

Hubbell was sent to the Toronto Maple Leafs in the International League before the start of the season. He went 7–7 on a championship team. In 1927 he was invited to spring training again with Detroit, but the Tigers still weren't impressed and sent him two steps down the minor-league ladder, to the Decatur Commodores of the Illinois–Indiana–Iowa League. Despite a 14–7 record, the Tigers didn't invite him back for 1928, he was sent to the Beaumont Exporters of the Texas League. Hubbell was so fed up by this time that he told Beaumont manager Claude Robinson that he would retire and go into the oil business unless he was sold to another organization by the end of the season. Years he said that being unloaded by the Tigers was the best thing that happened to him, his break came that June, when Giants scout Dick Kinsella decided to take in a game between Hubbell's Exporters and the Houston Buffs while in Houston for the 1928 Democratic National Convention. He hadn't planned on doing any scouting.

Kinsella called Giants manager John McGraw and mentioned that he knew of Hubbell's release by Detroit, prompted in part by Cobb's concerns about the screwball. McGraw replied that Christy Mathewson had a screwball and it didn't seem to affect his arm. Kinsella was still impressed. Hubbell would go 10–6 in his first major league season and would pitch his entire career for the Giants. With a slow delivery of his screwball, Hubbell recorded five consecutive 20-win seasons for the Giants and helped his team to three NL pennants and the 1933 World Series title. In the 1933 Series, he won two complete game victories, including an 11-inning 2–1 triumph in Game Four. In six career Series starts, he was 4–2 with 32 strikeouts and a low 1.79 earned run average. Hubbell finished his career with a 253–154 record, 1678 strikeouts, 724 walks, 36 shutouts and a 2.97 ERA, in 3590 innings pitched. He won 24 consecutive games between 1936 & 1937, the longest such streak recorded in major league history, he was twice named National League MVP.

He led the league in wins 3 times in 1933, 1936, 1937. He led the league in ERA three times in 1933, 1934, 1936, he led the league in innings pitched in 1933. He led the league in strikeouts in 1937, he led the league in strikeouts per 9 innings pitched in 1938. He led the league in shutouts in 1933, he led the league in saves in 1934. He compiled a streak of 46​1⁄3 scoreless innings and four shutouts in 1933, he pitched a no-hitter against the Pittsburgh Pirates. He pitched an 18-inning shutout against the St. Louis Cardinals. Joe DiMaggio called Hubbell the toughest pitcher he'd faced. In its 1936 World Series cover story about Lou Gehrig and Carl Hubbell, Time magazine depicted the Fall Classic that year between crosstown rivals Giants and Yankees as "a personal struggle between Hubbell and Gehrig", calling Hubbell "...currently baseball's No. 1 Pitcher and among the half dozen ablest in the game's annals." Time said that while he was growing up on his family's Missouri farm, he "practiced for hours...throwing stones at a barn door until he could unfailingly hit knotholes no bigger than a dime".

Hubbell was released at the end of the 1943 season. He had posted a 4 -- 4 record that year. However, Giants owner Horace Stoneham appointed him as director of player development, a post he held for 35 years. During that time, he lived in New Jersey; the last ten years of his life were spent as a Giants scout. At the time of his death, he was one of the last New York Giants still active in some capacity in baseball, the last player from the McGraw era, still active in the game. In the 1934 All Star Game played at the Polo Grounds, Hubbell produced one of Baseball's most memorable moments by striking out five future Hall of Famers in succession: Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin. This, in an era where the strikeout was far less common than today, regarded as an undesirable outcome, not an acceptable byproduct of swinging for the fences. In 1984, the 50th anniversary of this legendary performance, Hubbell was on hand for the 1984 All-Star Game at San Francisco's Candlestick Park to throw out the first pitch, a screwball.

Hubbell was married to Lucille "Sue" H