Many people thought the pair were married, but in fact they were not a romantic couple at all. Nevertheless, they shared a unique comic genius and sophisticated wit that enabled them to forge a partnership that produced some of Hollywood. Green was born in the Bronx to Hungarian Jewish immigrants Helen, after high school, he worked as a runner on Wall Street while he tried to make it as an actor. He met Comden through mutual friends in 1938 while she was studying drama at New York University and they formed a troupe called the Revuers, which performed at the Village Vanguard, a club in Greenwich Village. Comden and Green wrote the lyrics and book, which included parts for themselves. Their next two musicals, Billion Dollar Baby and Bonanza Bound were not successful, and once again headed to California. They reunited with Kelly for their most successful project, the classic Singin in the Rain and they were Oscar-nominated twice, for their screenplays for The Band Wagon and Its Always Fair Weather, both of which earned them a Screen Writers Guild Award, as did On the Town.
The score, including the standards Just in Time, Long Before I Knew You, in 1958, they appeared on Broadway in A Party with Betty Comden and Adolph Green, a revue that included some of their early sketches. It was a critical and commercial success, and they brought an updated version back to Broadway in 1977 and their many collaborators included Garson Kanin, Cy Coleman, Jule Styne, and André Previn. The team was not without its failures, in 1980, Green was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. And, in 1981, he was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame, in 1989 he appeared as Dr. Pangloss in Bernsteins Candide. Comden and Green received Kennedy Center Honors in 1991, greens third wife was actress Phyllis Newman, who had understudied Holliday in Bells Are Ringing. They had two children and Amanda, both of whom are songwriters and these shows are collated from the biography above. Pangloss / Martin Frasier as Walter The Substance of Fire as Mr
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. Its headquarters are in Beverly Hills, California and it is one of the worlds oldest film studios. In 1971, it was announced that MGM would merge with 20th Century Fox, over the next thirty-nine years, the studio was bought and sold at various points in its history until, on November 3,2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol MGM, is not currently affiliated with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In 1966, MGM was sold to Canadian investor Edgar Bronfman Sr. whose son Edgar Jr. would buy Universal Studios, the studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios, mostly United Artists. Kerkorian did, commit to increased production and a film library when he bought United Artists in 1981. MGM ramped up production, as well as keeping production going at UA.
It incurred significant amounts of debt to increase production, the studio took on additional debt as a series of owners took charge in the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1986, Ted Turner bought MGM, but a few later, sold the company back to Kerkorian to recoup massive debt. The series of deals left MGM even more heavily in debt, MGM was bought by Pathé Communications in 1990, but Parretti lost control of Pathé and defaulted on the loans used to purchase the studio. The French banking conglomerate Crédit Lyonnais, the major creditor. Even more deeply in debt, MGM was purchased by a joint venture between Kerkorian, producer Frank Mancuso, and Australias Seven Network in 1996, the debt load from these and subsequent business deals negatively affected MGMs ability to survive as an independent motion picture studio. In 1924, movie theater magnate Marcus Loew had a problem and he had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loews Theatres chain. With Loews lackluster assortment of Metro films, Loew purchased Goldwyn Pictures in 1924 to improve the quality, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since longtime assistant Nicholas Schenck was needed in New York headquarters to oversee the 150 theaters.
Mayer, Loew addressed the situation by buying Louis B. Mayer Pictures on April 17,1924, Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production. MGM produced more than 100 feature films in its first two years, in 1925, MGM released the extravagant and successful Ben-Hur, taking a $4.7 million profit that year, its first full year. Marcus Loew died in 1927, and control of Loews passed to Nicholas Schenck, in 1929, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought the Loew familys holdings with Schencks assent. Mayer and Thalberg disagreed with the decision, Mayer was active in the California Republican Party and used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to delay final approval of the deal on antitrust grounds
A View from the Bridge (film)
A View from the Bridge is a 1962 French-Italian drama film directed by Sidney Lumet with a screenplay by Norman Rosten based on the play of the same name written by Arthur Miller. It was filmed in English and French versions, and its exterior sequences were filmed on location on the waterfront of Brooklyn, New York, where the play, this overture was intended as an accusation of someone being gay, rather than a romantic expression. In Film Quarterly, Pauline Kael called the not so much a drama as a sentence thats been passed on the audience. Stanley Kauffmans review for The New Republic was titled The Unadaptable Adapted, The one great obstruction to the drama — and a fatal obstruction it becomes—is the slowly evolving demonstration that the principal character is a boor. As much as his nigh-incestuous passion and his subsequent jealousy may be credible and touching, they are low in the emotional scale and are obviously seamy. They havent the universal scope of greed or envy or ambition or such obsessions as drive men to ruin, the film is more commonly remembered today for a shocking set piece, in which Eddie kisses Rodolpho full on the lips to prove that the boy is gay.
For his performance as Eddie Carbone, Raf Vallone won the David di Donatello for Best Actor, a View from the Bridge at the Internet Movie Database
Carrie Frances Fisher was an American actress and humorist who first became known for playing Princess Leia in the Star Wars film series. Her other film roles included Shampoo, The Blues Brothers and Her Sisters, The Burbs and she worked on other writers screenplays as a script doctor. In years, she earned praise for speaking publicly about her experiences with bipolar disorder and it premiered at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. Fisher died of cardiac arrest on December 27,2016, at age 60 and her final film, Star Wars, The Last Jedi, is scheduled to be released on December 15,2017. Carrie Frances Fisher was born on October 21,1956, in Burbank, California, to actors and singers Eddie Fisher, Fishers paternal grandparents were Jewish Russian immigrants, while her mother, who was raised a Nazarene, was of Scots-Irish and English descent. Fisher was two years old when her parents divorced in 1959 and her fathers third marriage, to actress Connie Stevens, resulted in the births of Fishers two half-sisters, Joely Fisher and Tricia Leigh Fisher.
In 1960, her mother married Harry Karl, owner of a chain of shoe stores and Karl divorced in 1973, when Fisher was 17 years old. Fisher hid in books as a child, becoming known in her family as the bookworm and she spent her earliest years reading classic literature, and writing poetry. She attended Beverly Hills High School until age 15, when she appeared as a debutante and singer in the hit Broadway revival Irene and her time on Broadway interfered with her education, resulting in Fishers dropping out of high school. In 1973, Fisher enrolled at Londons Central School of Speech and Drama, following her time there, Fisher applied to and was accepted at Sarah Lawrence College, where she planned to study the arts. In 1977, Fisher starred as Princess Leia in George Lucas science-fiction film Star Wars opposite Mark Hamill, at the time, she believed the script for Star Wars was fantastic, but did not expect many people to agree with her. Though her fellow actors were not close at the time, they bonded after the success of the film.
In April 1978, Fisher appeared as the love interest in Ringo Starrs 1978 TV special Ringo, the next month, she starred alongside John Ritter in the ABC-TV film Leave Yesterday Behind. At this time, Fisher appeared with Laurence Olivier and Joanne Woodward in the anthology series Laurence Olivier Presents in a version of the William Inge play Come Back. That November, she played Princess Leia in the 1978 TV production Star Wars Holiday Special, Fisher appeared in the film The Blues Brothers as Jakes vengeful ex-lover, she is listed in the credits as Mystery Woman. While in Chicago filming the movie, Fisher choked on a Brussels sprout, Dan Aykroyd performed the Heimlich maneuver and she appeared on Broadway in Censored Scenes from King Kong in 1980. She starred as Sister Agnes in the Broadway production of Agnes of God in 1982. In 1983, Fisher returned to the role of Princess Leia in Return of the Jedi, the costume achieved a following of its own
Ronald Arthur Ron Silver was an American actor, producer, radio host, and political activist. He played Henry Kissinger, Alan M. Dershowitz and Angelo Dundee on the screen and supported Bill Clinton, Rudolph Giuliani and he was awarded a Tony in 1988 for Best Actor for Speed-the-Plow, a satirical dissection of the American movie business. Silver was born on July 2,1946 in Manhattan, New York, the son of May, a teacher, and Irving Roy Silver. Silver was raised Jewish on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and he attended Columbia Universitys Graduate School of International Affairs and studied acting at the Herbert Berghof Studio, and at The Actors Studio. Silver got his big acting break starring in El Grande de Coca Cola in 1974, producers Richard Flanzer and Roy Silver opened it at the famed Whisky a Go Go on the Sunset Strip in Los Angeles. The production ran for more than a year and his co-star, actor Jeff Goldblum, were discovered by Hollywood film agents during this hilarious shows run. In 1976, he made his debut in Tunnel Vision.
From 1976 to 1978, he had a role as Gary Levy in the sitcom Rhoda. He starred as Jerry Lewiss characters son in the multi-episode Garment District Arc of the crime series Wiseguy. From 1991 to 2000, Silver served as president of the Actors Equity Association and he played a film producer in Best Friends opposite Burt Reynolds and Goldie Hawn, an actor in Lovesick and a film director in Mr. Saturday Night. Silver portrayed a corrupt, rogue senator in the 1994 Jean-Claude Van Damme sci-fi thriller Timecop, on television in 1998, he starred opposite Kirstie Alley for season two of her TV comedy series Veronicas Closet. He was featured as Muhammad Alis boxing trainer and cornerman Angelo Dundee in Michael Manns 2001 biopic Ali, from 2001–02 and again from 2005–06, he had a recurring role as presidential campaign advisor Bruno Gianelli on the NBC series The West Wing. In February 2008, Silver began hosting The Ron Silver Show on Sirius Satellite Radio, the show aired live from 9–11am ET, on Indie Talk, Sirius 110.
Silver traveled to more than 30 countries and spoke fluent Mandarin Chinese and he taught at the high school level and was a social worker for the Department of Social Services. In 1975, he married a worker, Self magazine editor, Lynne Miller, the marriage lasted until 1997. In 1989, he co-founded the Creative Coalition, an entertainment industry political advocacy organization that champions for First Amendment rights, public education, Silver was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In 2000, he co-founded the organization One Jerusalem to oppose the Oslo Peace Agreement and he spoke at the 2004 Republican National Convention, continued to support President Bush, and was appointed Chairman for the Millennium Committee by New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani. After he flipped political affiliations and endorsed President Bush, he was ostracized by friends, in Silvers blog on the PJ Media website, he claimed that colleagues on the set of The West Wing referred to him as Ron, the Neo-Con
Steven Hill was an American actor. Hill was born Solomon Krakovsky or Solomon Berg in Seattle, Hill served four years in the United States Naval Reserve. In the 1950s, Hill moved to New York City to pursue an acting career, Hill made his first Broadway stage appearance in Ben Hechts A Flag Is Born in 1946, which featured a young Marlon Brando. Hill said that his big break came when he landed a part in the hit Broadway show Mister Roberts. The director, Joshua Logan, thought I had some ability, so, I improvised dialog and it went in the show. It gave me tremendous encouragement to stay in the business, Hill said this was a thrilling time in his life when, fresh out of the Navy, he played the hapless sailor Stefanowski. You could almost smell it from the very first reading took place. We all felt it and experienced it and were convinced of it, in 1947, Hill joined Brando, Montgomery Clift, and Julie Harris, among others, as one of the 50 fortunate applicants to be accepted by the newly created Actors Studio.
Hill made his debut in 1950 in A Lady Without Passport. He re-enlisted in the Navy in 1952 for two years and, when he completed his service, resumed his acting in earnest, strasberg said, Steven Hill is considered one of the finest actors America has ever produced. When he was starting out as an actor, Hill sought out roles that had a social purpose, later, I learned that show business is about entertaining, he said. So, Ive had to reconcile my idealistic feelings with reality, Hill was particularly busy in the so-called Golden Age of live TV drama, appearing in such offerings as The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in 1960, where he portrayed Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Landau went on to admit, A lot of people said that Steven would have been the one, volatile and his work was exciting. In 1961, Hill had an experience when he appeared as Sigmund Freud on Broadway in Henry Denkers A Far Country. Among the notables in the audience were Joseph P. Kennedy, Jack Benny, the audience was invited to exchange its ticket stubs for other performances.
The understudy was not ready to replace Hill, so Alfred Ryder, in 1961, he was cast as B. E. Langard in the episode Act of Piracy of the ABC series, Adventures in Paradise, Hills early screen credits include The Goddess and A Child Is Waiting. Hill was the leader of the Impossible Missions Force, Dan Briggs, in the series Mission
Eugene Gladstone ONeill was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. ONeills plays were among the first to include speeches in American vernacular and they struggle to maintain their hopes and aspirations, but ultimately slide into disillusionment and despair. Of his very few comedies, only one is well-known, nearly all of his other plays involve some degree of tragedy and personal pessimism. ONeill was born in a hotel, the Barrett House, at Broadway and 43rd Street, a commemorative plaque was first dedicated there in 1957. The site is now occupied by 1500 Broadway, which offices, retail. He was the son of Irish immigrant actor James ONeill and Mary Ellen Quinlan and his father suffered from alcoholism, his mother from an addiction to morphine, prescribed to relieve the pains of the difficult birth of her third son, Eugene. ONeill spent his summers at the Monte Cristo Cottage in New London and he attended Princeton University for one year. Accounts vary as to why he left, ONeill spent several years at sea, during which he suffered from depression and alcoholism.
Despite this, he had a love for the sea and it became a prominent theme in many of his plays. ONeill joined the Marine Transport Workers Union of the Industrial Workers of the World, ONeills parents and elder brother Jamie died within three years of one another, not long after he had begun to make his mark in the theater. After his experience in 1912–13 at a sanatorium where he was recovering from tuberculosis, ONeill had previously been employed by the New London Telegraph, writing poetry as well as reporting. In the fall of 1914, he entered Harvard University to attend a course in dramatic technique given by Professor George Baker and he left after one year and did not complete the course. During the 1910s ONeill was a regular on the Greenwich Village literary scene, ONeill had a brief romantic relationship with Reeds wife, writer Louise Bryant. ONeill was portrayed by Jack Nicholson in the 1981 film Reds and his involvement with the Provincetown Players began in mid-1916. ONeill is said to have arrived for the summer in Provincetown with a full of plays.
He was not left alone in the dining-room when the reading had finished, the Provincetown Players performed many of ONeills early works in their theaters both in Provincetown and on MacDougal Street in Greenwich Village. Some of these early plays began downtown and moved to Broadway, ONeills first published play, Beyond the Horizon, opened on Broadway in 1920 to great acclaim, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. His first major hit was The Emperor Jones, which ran on Broadway in 1920 and his best-known plays include Anna Christie, Desire Under the Elms, Strange Interlude, Mourning Becomes Electra, and his only well-known comedy, Ah, Wilderness
Catherine Mary Hicks is an American television and stage actress. She is known for her role as Annie Camden on the television series 7th Heaven. Hicks was born in New York City, the daughter of Jackie, a homemaker, and Walter Hicks and she is of Irish and English ancestry. Her family moved to Scottsdale, during her childhood and she was a cheerleader at Gerard Catholic High School in Phoenix, and a member of the National Honor Society. After attending Saint Marys College, where she studied English literature and theology, while at Cornell, she was a member of the Ithaca Repertory Theater Company. After graduating from Cornell with a masters of arts degree, Hicks headed to New York in August 1976. Two weeks after arriving in New York, she landed her first major TV role as the newly recovered pediatrician Dr. Faith Coleridge on the ABC soap opera Ryans Hope and that same year, she starred as Valerie in the CBS TV movie and TV series pilot called Sparrow. When Tribute ended, Hicks moved to California and co-starred on the 1979–80 CBS sitcom, The Bad News Bears as junior high principal and psychologist.
She had roles in a few TV movies, playing an escort, Annie, in ABCs Love For Rent, and as Beth, a camp counselor in CBSs 1980 film To Race the Wind, based on the Harold Krents autobiography. In 1980, Hicks beat out hundreds of actresses for the role of Marilyn Monroe in ABCs $3.5 million production, The Untold Story. She earned an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie for her portrayal of the legendary star, in 1981, Hicks starred in CBSs remake of Jacqueline Susanns Valley of the Dolls, as Anne Wells, an entertainment lawyer, and James Corburns protege. She made her debut in the thriller Death Valley as Peter Billingsleys mother. That same year, she starred as Sable in Better Late Than Never, the program aired on CBS from October 6,1982, sporadically into August,1983. In 1983, she played Lisa Sage and co-starred with John Schneider in CBSs romantic comedy movie Happy Endings, in Sidney Lumets film Garbo Talks, Hicks was actress Jane Mortimer. Hicks played Bill Murrays socialite finacee, Isabel, in the remake The Razors Edge, for her work in Star Trek IV, The Voyage Home, Hicks received a Saturn Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
That same year, she played Carol Heath in Francis Ford Coppolas Peggy Sue Got Married, in Like Father Like Son, Hicks played Dr. Amy Larkin. In March 1987, Hicks hosted the 59th Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Scientific, in 1988, she played businesswoman Ella Frazier in the Yugoslavian comedy Tajna manastirske rakije. Hicks co-starred with Christopher Plummer, as his daughter, Tina Boyer
Roger Joseph Ebert was an American film critic and historian, journalist and author. He was a critic for the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. In 1975, Ebert became the first film critic to win the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism, the two verbally sparred and traded humorous barbs while discussing films. They created and trademarked the phrase Two Thumbs Up, used when both hosts gave the film a positive review. After Siskel died in 1999, Ebert continued hosting the show with various co-hosts and then, starting in 2000, Ebert lived with cancer of the thyroid and salivary glands from 2002. This required treatments necessitating the removal of his jaw, which cost him the ability to speak or eat normally. His ability to write remained unimpaired, and he continued to publish frequently both online and in print until his death on April 4,2013. Roger Joseph Ebert was born in Urbana, the child of Annabel, a bookkeeper, and Walter Harry Ebert. He was raised Roman Catholic, attending St.
Marys elementary school and his paternal grandparents were German immigrants and his maternal ancestry was Irish and Dutch. In his senior year, he was president and editor-in-chief of his high school newspaper. In 1958, he won the Illinois High School Association state speech championship in radio speaking, regarding his early influences in film criticism, Ebert wrote in the 1998 parody collection Mad About the Movies, I learned to be a movie critic by reading Mad magazine. Mads parodies made me aware of the machine inside the skin – of the way a movie might look original on the outside, I did not read the magazine, I plundered it for clues to the universe. Pauline Kael lost it at the movies, I lost it at Mad magazine, Ebert began taking classes at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as an early-entrance student, completing his high-school courses while taking his first university class. After graduating from Urbana High School in 1960, Ebert attended and received his degree in 1964.
As an undergraduate, he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, One of the first movie reviews he ever wrote was a review of La Dolce Vita, published in The Daily Illini in October 1961. Ebert spent a semester as a student in the department of English there before attending the University of Cape Town on a Rotary fellowship for a year. He returned from Cape Town to his studies at Illinois for two more semesters and then, after being accepted as a PhD candidate at the University of Chicago. Instead Kogan referred Ebert to the city editor at the Chicago Sun-Times, Jim Hoge and he attended doctoral classes at the University of Chicago while working as a general reporter at the Sun-Times for a year
Anna Maria Louisa Italiano, known professionally as Anne Bancroft, was an American actress associated with the method acting school, having studied under Lee Strasberg. Respected for her acting prowess and versatility, Bancroft was acknowledged for her work in film and she won one Academy Award, three BAFTA Awards, two Golden Globes, two Tony Awards and two Emmy Awards, and several other awards and nominations. She won both an Oscar for her work in the film, and a Tony for the role in the play. On Broadway in 1965, she played a medieval nun obsessed with a priest in John Whitings play The Devils and she was perhaps best known as the seductress, Mrs. Robinson, in The Graduate, a role that she stated had come to overshadow her other work. Bancroft received several other Oscar nominations and continued in lead roles until the late 1980s, in 1987, she starred with Anthony Hopkins in 84 Charing Cross Road. In the 1990s she returned to supporting roles in films, and she received Emmy and Screen Actors Guild Award nominations, for The Roman Spring of Mrs.
Stone, as well as an Emmy nomination for 2001s Haven. Bancroft was born Anna Maria Louisa Italiano in the Bronx, New York, Bancrofts parents were both children of Italian immigrants. In an interview, she stated her family was originally from Muro Lucano and she was raised in the Belmont neighborhood of the Bronx, moving to 1580 Zerega Ave. and graduated from Christopher Columbus High School in 1948. She attended HB Studio, the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, the Actors Studio, after appearing in a number of live television dramas under the name Anne Marno, she was told to change her surname for her film debut in Dont Bother to Knock. In 1958, Bancroft made her Broadway debut as lovelorn, Bronx-accented Gittel Mosca opposite Henry Fonda in William Gibsons two-character play Two for the Seesaw, for Gittel, she won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play. She took the role to Hollywood, and won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She had returned to Broadway to star in Mother Courage and Her Children, so Joan Crawford accepted Bancrofts Oscar on her behalf, Bancroft is one of the few actors to have won an Academy Award and a Tony Award for the same role.
Bancroft co-starred as a medieval nun obsessed with a priest in the 1965 Broadway production of John Whitings play The Devils, produced by Alexander H. Cohen and directed by Michael Cacoyannis, it ran for 63 performances. Bancroft received a second Academy Award nomination in 1965 for her performance in The Pumpkin Eater and her best-known role during this period was Mrs. Robinson in The Graduate, for which she received a third Academy Award nomination. In the film, she played a married woman who seduces a family friend. In the movie, Hoffmans character dates and falls in love with her daughter, Bancroft was ambivalent about her appearance in The Graduate, she stated in several interviews that the role overshadowed all of her other work. Despite her character becoming an archetype of the older woman role, a CBS television special, the Women in the Life of a Man, won Bancroft an Emmy Award for her singing and acting. Bancroft is one of few entertainers to win an Oscar, an Emmy
Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold was an English actress known for her sharp-tongued, eccentric persona. Her signature drawling, deep voice was a result of nodes on her vocal chords in the 1920s and early 1930s. After a successful career as an actress, she established herself on the stage as an adult, playing in comedy and experiment theatre. She found her milieu in revue, in which she played from the 1930s to the 1950s, she played formidable elderly characters in such films and stage musicals as Gigi, Bell and Candle, The Music Man and A Little Night Music. From the early 1950s Gingold lived and made her career mostly in the US. Her American stage work ranged from John Murray Andersons Almanac to Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mammas Hung You in the Closet and Im Feelin So Sad and she became well known as a guest on television talk shows. She made further appearances in revue and toured in plays and musicals until an accident ended her career in 1977. Gingold was born in Carlton Hill, Maida Vale and her paternal grandparents were the Ottoman-born British subject, Moritz Maurice Gingold, a London stockbroker, and his Austrian-born wife, after whom Hermione was named.
On her fathers side, she was descended from the celebrated Solomon Sulzer and her mother was from a well-to-do Jewish family. James felt that religion was something children needed to decide on for themselves, Gingold first appeared on stage in a kindergarten staging of Shakespeares Henry VIII, in the role of Wolsey. Her professional début was in 1908 when she had just turned eleven and she played the herald in Herbert Beerbohm Trees production of Pinkie and the Fairies by W. Graham Robertson, in a cast including Ellen Terry, Frederick Volpe, Marie Löhr and Viola Tree. She was promoted to the role of Pinkie for a provincial tour. Tree cast her as Falstaffs page, Robin, in The Merry Wives of Windsor and she attended Rosina Filippis stage school in London. In 1911 she was cast in the production of Where the Rainbow Ends which opened to very good reviews on 21 December 1911. Among her colleagues as child-actors in Where the Rainbow Ends were Philip Tonge, the following year she appeared in a musical production, The Marriage Market, in a small role in a cast that included Tom Walls, W H Berry, and Gertie Millar.
In 1914 she played Jessica in The Merchant of Venice at the Old Vic, in 1918 Gingold married the publisher Michael Joseph, with whom she had two sons, the younger of whom, became a pioneer of theatre in the round in Britain. Gingolds adult stage career was slow to take off and she played Liza in If at the Ambassadors in May 1921, and the Old Woman in Ben Traverss farcical comedy The Dippers produced by Sir Charles Hawtrey at the Criterion in August 1922. In 1926 Gingolds marriage broke up, and she was divorced from Joseph, in the same year she married the writer and lyricist Eric Maschwitz, whom she divorced in 1945