SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Garcilaso de la Vega (poet)

Garcilaso de la Vega, KOS was a Spanish soldier and poet. Although not the first or the only one to do so, he was the most influential poet to introduce Italian Renaissance verse forms, poetic techniques, themes to Spain, he was well known in poetic circles during his lifetime, his poetry has continued to be popular without interruption until the present. His poetry was published posthumously by Juan Boscán in 1543, it has been the subject of several annotated editions, the first and most famous of which appeared in 1574. Garcilaso was born in the Spanish city of Toledo between 1498 and 1503. Clavería Boscán affirms he was born between 1487 and 1492, another sources affirms he was born in 1501, his father, Pedro Suárez de Figueroa, was a nobleman in the royal court of the Catholic Monarchs. His mother's name was Sancha de Guzmán. Garcilaso was the second son. However, he spent his younger years receiving an extensive education, mastered five languages, learned how to play the zither and the harp.

When his father died in 1509, Garcilaso received a sizeable inheritance. After his schooling, he joined the military in hopes of joining the royal guard, he was named "contino" of Charles V in 1520, he was made a member of the Order of Santiago in 1523. There were a few women in the life of this poet, his first lover was Guiomar Carrillo. He had another suspected lover named Isabel Freire, a lady-in-waiting of Isabel of Portugal, but this is today regarded as mythical. In 1525, Garcilaso married Elena de Zúñiga, who served as a lady-in-waiting for the King's favorite sister, Leonor, their marriage took place in Garcilaso's hometown of Toledo in one of the family's estates. He had six children: Lorenzo, an illegitimate child with Guiomar Carrillo, Garcilaso, Íñigo de Zúñiga, Pedro de Guzmán, Francisco. Garcilaso's military career meant that he took part in the numerous battles and campaigns conducted by Charles V across Europe, his duties took him to Italy, Germany and France. In 1532 for a short period he was exiled to a Danube island where he was the guest of the Count György Cseszneky, royal court judge of Győr.

In France, he would fight his last battle. The King desired to take control of Marseille and control of the Mediterranean Sea, but this goal was never realized. Garcilaso de la Vega died on 14 October 1536 in Nice, after suffering 25 days from an injury sustained in a battle at Le Muy, his body was first buried in the Church of St. Dominic in Nice, but two years his wife had his body moved to the Church of San Pedro Martir in Toledo. Garcilaso de la Vega is best known for his tragic love poetry that contrasts the playful poetry of his predecessors, he seemed to progress through three distinct episodes of his life. During his Spanish period, he wrote the majority of his eight-syllable poems. Influenced by many Italian Renaissance poets, Garcilaso adapted the eleven-syllable line to the Spanish language in his sonetos written in the 1520s, during his Petrarchan period. Increasing the number of syllables in the verse from eight to eleven allowed for greater flexibility. In addition to the sonetos, Garcilaso helped to introduce several other types of stanzas to the Spanish language.

These include the estancia, formed by eleven- and seven-syllable lines. Throughout his life, Garcilaso de la Vega wrote various poems in each of these types, his works include: forty Sonetos, five Canciones, eight Coplas, three Églogas, two Elegías, the Epístola a Boscán. Allusions to classical myths and Greco-Latin figures, great musicality, rhythm and an absence of religion characterize his poetry, it can be said. His works have influenced the majority of subsequent Spanish poets, including other major authors of the period like Jorge de Montemor, Luis de León, John of the Cross, Miguel de Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Luis de Góngora and Francisco Quevedo. For example:: Más a las veces son mejor oídos el puro ingenio y lengua casi muda, testigos limpios de ánimo inocente, que la curiosidad del elocuente, he was good at transmitting the sense of life into writing, in many poems including his «dolorido sentir»: No me podrán quitar el dolorido sentir, si ya del todo primero no me quitan el sentido.

We see the shift in traditional belief of Heaven as influenced by the Renaissance, called "neo-Platonism," which tried to lift love to a spiritual, idealistic plane, as compared to the traditional Catholic view of Heaven.: Contigo mano a mano busquemos otros prados y otros ríos, otros valles floridos y sombríos, donde descanse, y siempre pueda verte ante los ojos míos, sin miedo y sobresalto de perderte. He has enjoyed a revival of influence among 21st century pastoral poets such as Seamus Heaney, Dennis Nurkse, Giannina Braschi. Garcilaso is mentioned in multiple works by Miguel de Cervantes. In the second volume of Don Quixote, the protagonist quotes one of the poet's sonnets. In El licenciado Vidriera, Tomás Rodaja carries a volume of Garcilaso on his journey across Europe; the title of Pedro Salinas's sequence of poems La voz

St John's Church, Woking

St John's Church is located in St John's, England. The church is in the parish of St John's, Diocese of Guildford, which in turn is in the Province of Canterbury; the church lends its names to the local village. In the early nineteenth century a settlement was beginning to form around the location of present-day St Johns, with the area home to a large brick-making and nursery industry. A reminder of the brick-making remains today in the form of a'Kiln Bridge' over the Basingstoke Canal; the canal was influential in the growth of the community. Due to the inconvenience of travelling to the nearest parish church, the vicar of St Peter's, Rev'd Charles Bowles, amassed £1,500 in order to serve the western end of the parish of St Peter's, i.e. the new community now known as'St Johns'. Sir George Gilbert Scott, the Victorian architect who found fame through constructions such as St Pancras railway station, was commissioned by Bowles to design a simple church for the local community. A lithograph of Gilbert's plans remains in St John's Church today.

On 24 June 1842, the church was consecrated by the Bishop of Winchester. The church is of a Gothic Revival Style, built with stone similar to that used to build churches in the thirteenth-century. St John's stands in the conservative evangelical tradition of the Church of England, the parochial church council have endorsed GAFCON's Jerusalem Declaration. St John's Church; the original simple church was without aisles. However, between 1879 and 1883 aisles and vestries were adding, it was in 1884. In 1904, the pitch pine balcony, in place was removed, due to lack of use. Furthermore, the original organ was built by Henry Bryceson. Moreover, the reredos, Holy Table and oak panelling were made in Exeter and were installed in 1915, followed by the installation of a choir vestry, added in the 1930s; the organs was rebuilt in 1948. The baptism pool in the chancel, oak font, communion table and lectern was added in the modernisation of the church in 2002; the church hall was built in 1956 and was refitted as a Youth Centre in 1992.

This church hall was followed by a series of extensions in the 1970s, with a lounge and offices being added. These were not the final work to the church, in 2002, the lighting and heating was improved and the flooring and seating replaced. Furthermore, the welcome area of the church has been enlarged, forcing the porch to be rebuilt to accommodate. In the vicinity of the church, a number of structures were constructed as a result of the church's presence, e.g. a vicarage. Built to serve the vicars of St Peter's, a vicarage was built nearby to the church under Rev'd Charles Bowles; the building remains, however it was replaced with the current newer built in 1952. Furthermore, the Bowles family once again contributed to the local community, through the construction of a local school. Used until the 1970s, it was used for youth school. Furthermore, it was used as the local Scout hut. There are many features in the church. Firstly, the stained glass, made in Munich, is dedicated to the memory of the Rev'd Charles Bowles.

It depicts the Crucifixion, with raising the son of the widow of Nain. Moreover, a window at the main entrance, installed in 1979, tells the stories of Psalm 1 and Revelation 1; the window is surrounded by the Holy Spirit with the wind blowing through it. There are numerous other memorials around the church, as well as several other stained glass windows; the communion rail has the name of former cricketer and Bishop of Liverpool, David Sheppard, engraved. Furthermore, a carved oak pulpit, gifted to the church in 1899, replaced the original This was given to Holy Trinity Church in the nearby village of Knaphill; the kneelers in the church were hand-made by members of the local congregation. An interesting note is that the mosaic tiles on the floor were made by women inmates of the former Woking Prison, who contributed towards the making of some of the tiles in St Paul's Cathedral; the earliest readable gravestone is from the Waterer family, who were involved in the local nursing business. The graveyard was extended to the South and the East in 1885.

Furthermore, there are many gravestone. The graveyard contains the Grave of Lt. Edgar Oliphant Anstey. Moreover, there is a gravestone with the unusual name of'David Goliath'; the graveyard contains a weeping beech. There are two vaults to the Bowles family in the grveyard. In 1913, a new graveyard was opened and contains the war memorial, with the motto'dulce et decorum est pro patria mori', which translates from Latin as'it is sweet and fitting to die for one's country'. Both graveyards are now closed for burials, although ashes can still be placed in the Garden of Remembrance; this was paired in 1996 with a Wall of Remembrance to commemorate those placed in the Garden of Remembrance

Wang Burapha

Wang Burapha is a historic neighbourhood in Bangkok, regarded as the first commercial and entertainment district in contemporary era of Thailand. It is situated between Charoen Krung, Maha Chai, Tri Phet and Burapha roads, near the eastern edge of the old city centre of Rattanakosin Island in Wang Burapha Phirom Subdistrict, Phra Nakhon District; the neighbourhood is named after Buraphaphirom Palace, which used to be located here until the 1950s, when it was demolished to make way for commercial developments. The neighbourhood became a major commercial district and a centre of youth culture during the 1950s–60s. During prosperous era, it is a venue for teenagers similar to Siam Square at present; this group of teenagers has been called "Koh Lang Wang", translate as "mobster behind the palace". They have a unique dress style with Western fashion in those days, favor listening to Elvis Presley or Cliff Richard's music, most favorite star is James Dean; because Thailand at that time was influenced by American culture through enlisted soldiers who set up the base to fight in the Vietnam War.

Their stories have been referred into at least three Thai movies, including Dang Bireley's and Young Gangsters in 1997, Born Blood in 2002, The Gangster in 2012. Wang Burapha in the prosperous era is home to three movie theaters, namely Kings and Grand the Sala Chalermkrung Royal Theatre is located adjacent to each other separately. There are markets and shops of foreigners located nearby such as Ming Mueang Market, Bampen Bun Market, Rattana Mala, Wiang Fah, Yong Tiang Store etc. and filled with many cafés and restaurants including photo studios. In terms of travel it is regarded as a bus terminal and has a tram running through as well. Wang Burapa began to decline in popularity in 1965 when Siam Square and Ratchaprasong Shopping Center were replaced. Ming Mueang Market was dismantled in 1978 and the last movie theater, was dissolved in 1990. Today, the location of Ming Mueang Market has become The Old Siam Plaza. At present, around Wang Burapha is regarded as the center of the gun shop, there are many famous shops located here being the center of many leading bookstores as well.

In the area of some restaurants that have been operating since the heyday era, they are still operating as in the past though the general condition of this neighbourhood is sluggish