Garden City station (LIRR)
Garden City is one of five stations of the Long Island Rail Road that serves the village of Garden City, New York. It is on the Hempstead Branch and is at Seventh Street between Hilton and Cathedral Avenues, directly across the street from the Garden City Hotel, it is one of the few Long Island Rail Road stations with two station houses. Garden City station was built in 1872 by the Central Railroad of Long Island, built by Alexander Turney Stewart to bring visitors to the Garden City Hotel; the original station was a typical one-story Victorian structure with a second story over the front door, a back "porch" over high platforms. It included a separate freight house; the CRRLI merged with the Flushing and North Side Railroad in 1874 to form the Flushing, North Shore and Central Railroad, only to be acquired by the Long Island Rail Road in 1876. Prior to their acquisition of the FNS&C, the LIRR gave the name "Garden City Station" to Clowesville station along the main line; the LIRR rebuilt it in 1898, the rebuilt station had eyebrow porch windows along the roof and trolley connections to Mineola-Freeport branch of the New York and Long Island Traction Company.
A pedestrian tunnel was added in 1915, which included an additional trolley along the Central Branch, a removal of the eyebrow porch windows on the roof of the station house before 1918. High-level platforms were added during the 1970s and a major restoration project took place in the early-21st Century. Besides standing in the shadow of the Garden City Hotel, Garden City station is next to the Garden City Public Library; the station has residential parking on both sides of the tracks on 6th and 7th Streets, as well as unrestricted free parking at nearby Stewart Avenue between Hilton & Franklin Avenues, free parking during off-peak hours along 6th Street near Cathedral Avenue. The station provides access to the Cathedral of the Incarnation. Built in 1876, it is listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic stands just south of the station on Cathedral Avenue; the station has two high-level side platforms, each 10 cars long. Media related to Garden City at Wikimedia Commons Garden City – LIRRGarden City LIRR TimetableGarden City Station History Unofficial Long Island Railroad History Website 1999 Photos of Westbound and Eastbound station houses 2006 Post-restoration of both station houses Station House from Google Maps Street View GARDEN Interlocking Platforms from Google Maps Street View Station House/ Waiting Room from Google Maps Street View
Garden City, Georgia
Garden City is a city in Chatham County, United States, located just northwest of Savannah. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 8,794. Part industrial and part residential, the city is home to much of the heavy industry in Chatham County and is adjacent to the Port of Savannah, the flagship operation of the Georgia Ports Authority. Garden City is part of the Savannah Metropolitan Statistical Area. Garden City is located northwest of the center of Chatham County at 32°6′1″N 81°9′54″W, it is bordered to the southeast by the city of Savannah, to the west by the city of Pooler, to the north by the city of Port Wentworth. To the northeast in unincorporated land is the Port of Savannah and the Savannah River. According to the United States Census Bureau, Garden City has a total area of 14.3 square miles, of which 13.7 square miles is land and 0.62 square miles, or 4.35%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,778 people, 3,981 households, 2,663 families residing in the city.
The population density was 601.2/sq mi. There were 3,704 housing units at an average density of 253.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 49.2% White, 37.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 8.9% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.7% of the population. There were 3,392 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,264, the median income for a family was $42,905. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $30,509 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,380. About 15.5% of families and 22.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Located at 701 West U. S. Highway 80, the State Farmers Market is a farmers' market run by the Georgia Department of Agriculture. Commercial activities are traditionally concentrated near the junction of U. S. Highway 80, U. S. Highway 17 and State Highway 21, as well as along Augusta Road, where several long-term-stay hotels and independently owned fast food restaurants, financial institutions, pawn shops, strip shopping malls, gas stations, car repair shops and automotive retail stores are located. Strip shopping centers include: Garden City's industry is located on its waterfront, as is the case for surrounding communities; the Georgia Ports Authority operates a terminal, located at 2 Main Street.
Garden City is home to numerous trucking and railway companies. Other industries are: Industrial rental space is available at locations such as: From the Reconstruction Era until the 1930s, the area was home to three major plantations: Brampton and Telfair. Garden City was incorporated on February 8, 1939, as "Industrial City Gardens", it received its current name on March 24, 1941. The oldest inhabited section of Garden City corresponds to the triangle formed by Smith Avenue, State Highway 25 and State Highway 21 corridors. Throughout its history, Garden City has expanded westward and southward, it has acquired several residential subdivisions, which include: Garden City is home to the following apartment complexes, rental housing units and mobile home parks: Garden City operated under a mayor–council form of government until 2009. It has adopted a council-administrator style, by 2011 it will replace its seven at-large council members by one at-large and five district-elected ones. For a list of past and present mayors and council members of Garden City, see List of mayors of Garden City, Georgia.
As of 2010, Garden City has never collected property taxes. Garden City is represented by: the 7th and the 8th districts on the boards of the Chatham County Commission and the Savannah Chatham County Public School System the 162nd district in the State House the 2nd district in the State Senate the 1st congressional district in CongressIn the last three decades, the area's county commissioners have been: Color code: Democratic Republican Independent The Georgia Department of Corrections operates the Coastal State Prison near Garden City. Three public schools can be found within Garden City limits, they are managed by the Savannah Chatham County Public School System. Groves High School - Long known as "the pride of the Westside", Groves High School has a rich community tradition that dates back to its founding in 1958. Established to serve the young people and families of West Chatham County, the school is named for Robert W. Groves, a prominent business and civic leader in the county. Besides his role in business and his many commercial and community activities, Groves took particular concern for the youth of the area and their educational needs.
Groves High School is home of basketball teams. Campus points of interest include the Woodville-Tompkins Annex, where the automotive and construction programs are offered, the Cumming Field, named to honor Second Lieutenant Britt C. Cumming, a World War II veteran, killed in action. Mercer Middle School se
Södra Ängby is a residential area blending functionalism with garden city ideals, located in western Stockholm, forming part of the Bromma borough. Encompassing more than 500 buildings, it remains the largest coherent functionalistic villa area in Sweden and the world, still well-preserved more than half a century after its construction 1933–40 and protected as a national cultural heritage; the area covers 1.1 square kilometres, is inhabited by 1,744 people. While traditional villas and cottages still dominated house production in the early 1930s, a few exclusive villas were built in the new Functionalist style, inspired by the showcases at the Stockholm International Exhibition 1930. One of the earliest examples is the villa architect Sven Markelius, one of the leader of the exhibition, had built for himself at Nockeby 1930–31, its strict geometry, its bright plaster façades, its elevated location with nature left untouched around the building makes it characteristic of villas in Bromma. While Functionalist villas were built elsewhere in Stockholm, for example at Stora Essingen and Mälarhöjden, no contemporary suburb could match the extent and execution of Södra Ängby.
The Ängby area was bought by the city in 1904 and, due to its flatter terrain, Norra Ängby, the northern area surrounding Ängby Manor, was used for self-built single-family houses starting in 1931. Södra Ängby with its forest and hilly terrain offered more of a challenge. There, roads were adopted to topography while forest was left pretty much untouched, which resulted in the appearance of rows of bright villas scattered across the preserved forest, it was entirely the design of Edvin Engström, head of the one-family housing agency of the city's property office and the architect behind successful National Romantic residential areas during the 1920s. All the villas are variations on a strict functionalistic theme: Cubic volumes, flat-rolled sheet roofs, large windows, rounded balconies adorned with fine plate and forged metal details inspired by ocean liners. In Stockholm, most suburbs are centred on a small square, but at Södra Ängby the commercial centre is a row of peripheral Functionalist buildings located near the present metro station.
On its completion, city construction director Göran Sidenbladh referred to Södra Ängby as "the last garden city". Functionalist details, 2008 White City, contemporaneous modernist urban area in Tel Aviv, Israel Olofgörs, Gunnar. Södra Ängby - Trädgårdsstad i funkis. Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag. ISBN 91-7031-094-7. Andersson, Thorbjörn. Södra Ängby - Den vita staden. Stockholm: Footlights Publishing. ISBN 91-631-0275-7. Andersson, Magnus. Stockholms årsringar - En inblick i stadens framväxt. Stockholmia förlag. ISBN 91-7031-068-8. Wærn, Rasmus. Guide till Stockholms arkitektur. Stockholm: Arkitektur Förlag. ISBN 91-86050-41-9. "Areal och befolkningstäthet i stadsdelsområden, SDN-delar och stadsdelar". Stockholm Municipality. 2007-12-31. Retrieved 2009-01-28. "Map". Stockholms stadsbyggnadskontor. "Description". SBK. "Plan". SBK. Media related to Södra Ängby at Wikimedia Commons
Maracay is a city in north-central Venezuela, near the Caribbean coast, is the capital and most important city of the state of Aragua. Most of it falls under the jurisdiction of the Girardot Municipality; the population of Maracay and its surroundings as per the 2011 census was 955,362. In Venezuela, Maracay is known as "Ciudad Jardín", or "Garden City". Established on March 5, 1701 by Bishop Diego de Baños y Sotomayor in the valleys of Tocopio and Tapatapa in northern Venezuela. According to the most accepted explanation, it was named after a local indigenous chief, refers to the "Maracayo", a small tiger. Alternative etymologies cite. Maracay experienced rapid growth during Juan Vicente Gómez's dictatorship. Gómez saw Maracay as a suitable place to make his residence during his rule, ordered the construction of an Arc of Triumph, a bull plaza, an Ópera house, a Zoo, most notably, the Hotel Jardín, a majestic, tourist attraction with large gardens; the city is home to the Mausoleo de Gómez. One of the most important cities in Venezuela, Maracay is an industrial and commercial center, the city produces paper, textiles chemicals, cement, processed foods and perfumes.
The areas around Maracay are agricultural: sugarcane, tobacco and cocoa stand out as the main products. There are cattle-herding and timber-cutting activities. Activity by the Venezuelan Military adds a great deal to Maracay's economy. Maracay has infrastructure; the city is linked to most other important localities by the Autopista Regional del Centro. It has good access to Venezuela's small national railway system; the city boasts the national Hidroplane airport, located on the shore of the Lago de Valencia. The city does not have a subway system. Maracay has two airports; the Airport Mariscal Sucre and the military Air Base El Libertador Maracay is a city influenced by the military. Maracay is the cradle of Venezuelan aviation, it is home to the two largest Air Force bases in the country; the Venezuelan F-16 fighter planes are stationed here, as well as the new Sukhoi-30MKEs acquired by the Venezuelan Government. Other military facilities include the Fourth Armored Division of the Army and the Venezuelan Paratroopers main base and training center.
It is home to the government-owned ammunition and weapons factory that produces the Venezuelan version of the FN FAL rifle and the AK-103s. The mountains on the north side of Maracay, that separate it from the coast, make up the Henri Pittier National Park, named after the Swiss naturalist that studied them; the park is a lush rainforest, with a great variety of ferns. Two winding roads cut through the park over the mountains to the coast. One, beginning at the North-Central part of the city known as Urbanización El Castaño, goes to the beach town of Choroní; the other, beginning at the North-Western part at the city of El Limón, goes to Ocumare de la Costa and the beaches of Cata and Cuyagua. Maracay houses the Faculty of Veterinarians and Agronomy of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, an extension of the Universidad de Carabobo; the main Campus of the UNEFA is located here. Career choices include, Electronics and Civil Engineering, as well as other disciplines such as avionics; the main museums are: The Anthropological Museum.
The Aviation Museum. The Museum of Modern Arts "Mario Abreu"; the Opera House. The Patron Saint is Saint Joseph; the San Sebastian's Walk is a religious catholic event with ecological and sport characteristics, which takes place the 20th of January of each year in the outskirts of the city of Maracay. The city has no synagogue. However, nine indigenous inhabitants converted to Conservative Judaism in Valencia in 2014 after a three-year study course. In 2016, they were denied the right to emigrate to Israel by the Israeli Ministry of Interior, under the assumption that they failed to "belong to a Jewish community" in Maracay. Maracay is the home of the local baseball team Tigres de Aragua; the city's Bullfight arena is the only "Maestranza" in the country. At the present day is called "Maestranza Cesar Girón" TV Stations: TVS, TVR, Color TV, TIC TV, Novavisión TV, Aragua TV. Newspapers: El Aragüeño, El Periodiquito, El Siglo, El Impreso Maracay in the web: maracaycity.net, MaracayUp, Maracay Extrema, En Aragua, Ciudad Maracay Bobby Abreu, baseball player Juan Arango, soccer player José Altuve, baseball player Elvis Andrus, baseball player Juan-Carlos Bianchi, tennis player Miguel Cabrera, baseball player Alberto Callaspo, baseball player David Concepción, baseball player Canserbero, rapper Cesar Girón, bullfighter Carlos Guillén, baseball player Luis Laguna and songwriter Pilín León, Miss World 1981 Alicia Machado, Miss Universe 1996 Pastor Maldonado, Formula One driver Martín Prado, baseball player Aníbal Sánchez, baseball player Jorge Valdivia, soccer player Official site of the Girardot Municipality Map of Maracay Ciudad Maracay.
Information about Maracay and Aragua State
Letchworth Garden City known as Letchworth, is a town in Hertfordshire, with a population of 33,600. It is a former civil parish; the town's name is taken from one of the three villages it surrounded – all of which featured in the Domesday Book. The land used was purchased by Quakers who had intended to farm the area and build a Quaker community; the town was laid out by Raymond Unwin as a demonstration of the principles established by Ebenezer Howard who sought to create an alternative to the industrial city by combining the best of town and country living. It is home to the United Kingdom's first roundabout, built in 1909; as one of the world's first new towns and the first garden city it had great influence on future town planning and the New towns movement. There is a link to town planning in Stalingrad through the architect V. N. Semionov and an account of Lenin visiting the town when he visited England for a congress of the Russian Bolshevik party banned in Russia. Letchworth was one of the ancient parishes of Hertfordshire.
The parish church of St Mary the Virgin was built in the 12th or 13th Century. The village was located along the road now called Letchworth Lane, stretching from St Mary's and the adjoining medieval manor house up to the crossroads of Letchworth Lane, Hitchin Road, Baldock Road and Spring Road, where there was a post office. Letchworth was a small parish, having a population in 1801 of 67, rising to 96 by 1901. In 1898, the social reformer Ebenezer Howard wrote a book entitled To-morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform, in which he advocated the construction of a new kind of town, summed up in his three magnets diagram as combining the advantages of cities and the countryside while eliminating their disadvantages. Industry would be kept separate from residential areas—such zoning was a new idea at the time—and trees and open spaces would prevail everywhere, his ideas were mocked in the press but struck a chord with many members of the Arts and Crafts movement and the Quakers. According to the book the term "garden city" derived from the image of a city being situated within a belt of open countryside, not, as is cited, to a principle that every house in the city should have a garden.
The concept outlined in the book is not one of urban planning, but included a system of community management. For example, the Garden City project would be financed through a system that Howard called "Rate-Rent", which combined financing for community services with a return for those who had invested in the development of the city; the book advocated a rudimentary form of competitive tendering, whereby the municipality would purchase services, such as water, waste disposal, etc. from commercial providers. These systems were never implemented, in Letchworth, Welwyn or their numerous imitators. A competition was held to find a town design which could translate Howard's ideas into reality, September 1903 the company "First Garden City Ltd." was formed, Richard Barry Parker and Raymond Unwin were appointed architects, 6 square miles of land outside Hitchin were purchased for building. In keeping with the ideals only one tree was felled during the entire initial construction phase of the town, an area devoted to agriculture surrounding the town was included in the plan – the first "Green Belt".
In 1905, again in 1907, the company held the Cheap Cottages Exhibitions, contests to build inexpensive housing, which attracted some 60,000 visitors and had a significant effect on planning and urban design in the UK, pioneering and popularising such concepts as pre-fabrication, the use of new building materials, front and back gardens. The exhibitions were sponsored by the Daily Mail, their popularity was significant in the development of that newspaper's launching of the Ideal Home Exhibition – the first of which took place the year after the second Cheap Cottages Exhibition. A railway station was opened in 1903 a few hundred yards west of its current position and railway companies ran excursions to the town, bringing people to marvel at the social experiment and sometimes to mock it: Letchworth's founding citizens, attracted by the promise of a better life, were caricatured by outsiders as idealistic and otherworldly. John Betjeman in his poems Group Life: Letchworth and Huxley Hall painted Letchworth people as earnest health freaks.
One commonly-cited example of this is the ban, most unusual for a British town, on selling alcohol in public premises. This did not stop the town having a "pub" however – the Skittles Inn or the "pub with no beer" which opened as early as 1907. Despite the ban it is not true to say that there were no pubs in the Garden City. Pubs that had existed from before the foundation of the Garden City continued – including the Three Horseshoes in Norton, The George IV on the borders with Baldock, the Three Horseshoes and The Fox in Willian – continued to operate, undoubtedly benefited from the lack of alcohol to be had in the centre of the town, as did the pubs in neighbouring Hitchin and Baldock. New inns sprang up on the borders of the town, one such example being the Wilbury Hotel, just outside the town's border; this ban was lifted after a referendum in 1958, which resulted i
Bangalore known as Bengaluru, is the capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million, making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India, it is located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m above sea level, the highest among India's major cities. It reflects its multireligious and cosmopolitan character by its more than 1000 temples, 400 mosques, 100 churches, 40 Jain derasars, three Sikh gurdwaras, two Buddhist viharas and one Parsi fire temple located in an area of 741 km² of the metropolis; the religious places are further represented to include the few members of the Jewish community who are making their presence known through the Chabad that they propose to establish in Bengaluru and the large number of Bahá'ís whose presence is registered with a society called the Bahá'í Centre. In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bengaluru and its oldest areas Or Petes which exist to the present day.
After the fall of Vijayanagar empire in 16th Century, the Mughals sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees. When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands, it was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, a town grew up around it, governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956; the two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949.
The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006. Bengaluru is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of India" because of its role as the nation's leading information technology exporter. Indian technological organisations ISRO, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Bengaluru has one of the most educated workforces in the world, it is home to many educational and research institutions in India, such as Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Management, International Institute of Information Technology, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Design, National Law School of India University and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city.
The city houses the Kannada film industry. The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicised version of the Kannada language name and its original name, "Bengalūru" ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು, it is the name of a village near Kodigehalli in Bangalore city today and was used by Kempegowda to christen the city as Bangalore at the time of its foundation. The earliest reference to the name "Bengalūru" was found in a ninth-century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu". In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengalūrū" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE, it states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada. An apocryphal story recounts that the 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman; the grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru", which evolved into "Bengalūru". Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium, a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region.
On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengalūru. On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change; the government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, it was decided to implement the name change from 1 November 2006. The Union government approved this request, along with name changes for 11 other Karnataka cities, in October 2014, hence Bangalore was renamed to "Bengaluru" on 1 November 2014. A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. Around 1,000 BCE, burial grounds were established at Koramangala and Chikkajala on the outskirts of Bangalore. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and H