Mercy Ships is an international charity. Mercy Ships operates the largest non-governmental hospital ship in the world. Providing humanitarian aid like free health care, community development projects, community health education, mental health programs, agriculture projects, palliative care for terminally ill patients. Mercy Ships has operated in more than 57 developing nations and 18 developed nations around the world, with a current focus on the countries of Africa; the organization has its International Support Center in Texas. Mercy Ships has 16 national resource offices in countries that include Spain, Canada, Switzerland, the Netherlands, South Africa, France, Denmark, New Zealand and Norway. A major inspiration for Mercy Ships president and founder Don Stephens was the work of the international hospital ship SS Hope. Stephens' research showed. Therefore, a hospital ship could deliver healthcare efficiently to large numbers of people; the birth of Stephens' profoundly disabled son, John Paul inspired him to move forward with his vision of a floating hospital.
A visit with Mother Teresa in Calcutta, further deepened his commitment to serving the world's neediest people. Mercy Ships was founded in 1978 by Deyon Stephens, it has outfitted and operated a total of four hospital ships to serve developing nations since 1978. It was a part of the YWAM family of Christian ministries, before becoming a standalone organization in 2003; the organization uses retired ocean liners and ferries that have been transformed into floating hospitals. The first ocean liner acquired was the Victoria, purchased for its scrap value of US$1 million; the nine-deck vessel was transformed into the hospital ship MV Anastasis over a four-year period. The 522-foot ship was equipped with three operating rooms, a dental clinic, an x-ray machine, a laboratory and 40 patient beds; the ship's 350-member crew included Mercy Ships founders Don and Deyon Stephens, who lived on board the ship with their four young children for ten years. In 1983, the Anastasis began operations in the South Pacific moved to Central America and the Caribbean Sea in the mid-80’s.
The ship moved on to Africa in 1991 and remained in service there until 2007. The final port of call for the Anastasis was Liberia. Mercy Ships purchased the Norwegian coastal ferry Polarlys in 1994 and transformed it into the MV Caribbean Mercy, a hospital ship serving Central American and Caribbean ports; the ship offered berths for 150 crew and was equipped for field medical clinics. Over the course of several years, the ship was equipped with modern eye-surgery capabilities; the first eye surgery was performed on board The Caribbean Mercy in early 1997, while the ship was docked in Guatemala. On land, volunteers from the Caribbean Mercy provided dental and healthcare services; the Caribbean Mercy visited 138 ports of call and remained in service until May 2005. In 1983, the Canadian ferry Petite Forte was donated to Mercy Ships to provide relief operations in the Caribbean. Christened the Good Samaritan, the ship was re-christened the MV Island Mercy in 1994; the 60-berth vessel remained in service until spring of 2001.
The countries it served included Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. The ship reached beyond the Caribbean with relief and medical operations in Guinea-Bissau, Western Samoa, the Tokelau Islands and New Zealand. Since 2000 Mercy Ships has the 16,500-ton flagship Africa Mercy, which measures 500 feet long; the Africa Mercy has greater capacity than all three previous Mercy Ships combined. A second, purpose-built hospital ship, the Global Mercy, is under construction. In May 2007, the Africa Mercy sailed into the port in Monrovia to meet up with the Anastasis, enabling crew and supplies to be transferred from the oldest Mercy Ship to the newest one; the Africa Mercy, the only current Mercy Ship, in 2007 made its official maiden voyage to Monrovia, from the shipyard in England. In 2008, the Africa Mercy continued its service to Liberia—offering free surgeries, assistance in healthcare infrastructure development, community-based preventive health care programs that benefited thousands of individuals and many communities.
More than 1,200 surgical procedures and 10,000 dental procedures were completed, along with community health projects such as HIV/AIDS prevention and construction of wells and latrines. Early in 2010, the ship was docked in Togo for the 2010 field service. In August 2010, the Africa Mercy went into shipyard in South Africa, where it was equipped with new, more efficient generators. In 2009, the ship was docked in Cotonou, Benin from February to December, providing free surgeries and medical care. Mercy Ships worked with Beninese citizens on agriculture and water development projects on the ground in Benin. Before the Africa Mercy arrives in port, flyers are distributed to alert the public to the ship's upcoming visit. An advance team begins a massive screening of thousands of prospective patients, to see which men and children qualify for a surgery, it is common for people to walk for days to find out whether they may be eligible for surgical treatment. The Africa Mercy is docked in Conakry, Guinea where the field service will last from August, 2018 through June, 2019.
The summer was spent in the Canary Islands for its annual maintenance period. Prior to that, the volunteer crew completed a field service in Douala, Cameroon which lasted from August, 2017 through June, 2018. Prior to that, the Africa Me
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Van is a city located in southeastern Van Zandt County, United States 75 miles east of Dallas and 26 miles northwest of Tyler. The population was 2,632 at the 2010 census; the town draws its name from school teacher Henry Vance. Van's first settlers in the area had arrived by the time of the Civil War. By 1874, the town was named Swindall for George Swindall, who donated land for a school west of the present business district and land north of that site in 1891 to the Methodist Church. In 1894 schoolteacher Henry Vance, the town's namesake, established a post office, the name Van was chosen when the post office renamed the community. A Pure Oil company survey near the town in 1927 led to the discovery of oil at the property on October 13, 1929. Van experienced an overnight boom, growing from a rural farming community with a school, post office to an oil boomtown where thirty buildings, including hotels and stores, had been constructed in only ten days; that November Sun Oil, Shell Petroleum, the Texas Company, Pure Oil, Humble became co-owners of the field, with Pure Oil as chief operator, in 1930 the Texas Short Line Railway was extended from Grand Saline.
The population numbered 894 throughout the 1930s. The population declined to 620 during World War II, as workers moved away to jobs in war-related industry, but increased thereafter. Businesses in the community fluctuated from a high of fifty in 1934 to a low of fifteen in 1945, but remained between thirty and forty throughout most of the town's history. Mechanization of the oilfield occurred in the 1940s, by the 1950s Van had a Humble Oil refinery, five churches, a consolidated independent school district. A total of 591 wells made up the Van field when Pure Oil became a division of Union Oil in 1965; the population of Van grew from 1,103 in 1962 to 1,820 by 1974. The population reached just over 2,600 residents in 2013. On May 10, 2015, shortly after sunset, Van was struck by a strong tornado during the May 5–10, 2015 tornado outbreak sequence. According to the National Weather Service and tornado chasers, a severe thunderstorm spawned a tornado that touched down in a wooded thicket just south of Van Zandt County Road 4609, just west of the small community of Primrose, 10 miles south of Van.
The tornado path moved in a direct line north, crossing Texas State Highway 64, picking up strength as it crossed the Neches River, Interstate 20 just south of the town. The tornado went straight into the heart of Van, it destroyed the elementary school in the city, a historical monument and moved straight north through residential neighborhoods, destroying homes and causing massive structural damage. The tornado continued in a straight line north towards Grand Saline; the tornado dissipated 3.5 miles north of Van. Numerous homes and mobile homes were damaged or destroyed, many trees and power lines were downed throughout Van. A nearby metal-frame industrial building was destroyed. A few well-built frame homes in the northern part of town were left with only interior walls standing. An oil pump derrick toppled to the ground, along with a large metal high-tension truss tower. Several barns and outbuildings were destroyed as well. Two people were killed and 47 were injured, prompting local emergency management officials to declare a mass-casualty incident.
The following day, the tornado was given a rating of EF3 from the National Weather Service office in Fort Worth. Van is located at 32°31′34″N 95°38′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles, all of it land. Van is served by the following roadways: Interstate 20 - south of downtown Van State Highway 110 - designated as Maple Street in the City, it runs southeast toward Tyler and north to Grand Saline Farm to Market Road 16 - designated as Main Street in the city limits, the road runs west to near Canton and east toward Lindale Farm to Market Road 314 - marked as Oak Street, Van is the northern terminus of this road that runs south toward Brownsboro, just west of Tyler Farm to Market Road 1805 - runs from Van and connects to FM 1253 into nearby Smith County As of the census of 2000, there were 2,362 people, 894 households, 616 families residing in the city; the population density was 789.6 people per square mile. There were 999 housing units at an average density of 334.0 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 95.85% White, 0.34% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 2.12% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.11% of the population. There were 894 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, 18.7% Tch was here who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,177, the median income for a family was $38,864.
Males had a median income of $34,464 versus $21,087 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,495. About 11.1% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or ov
Lindale is a city in Smith County, United States. The population was 4,818 in the 2010 census, it is part of the Tyler, metropolitan statistical area. The area of Smith County where Lindale sits was inhabited long before the town was founded in 1871. In the early 19th century, the Caddo Indians were the area's primary inhabitants; the area was home to Cherokee Indians, who were forced out when the Republic of Texas was founded in 1836. After the Civil War, Richard B. Hubbard, a former officer in the Confederate Army and owner of a large plantation on what is today a gated community called Hideaway Lake, began searching for a more convenient way to ship the produce grown on his land. Hubbard convinced railroad officials to lay track between nearby Mineola. Hubbard's brother-in-law, Elijah Lindsey, anticipating growth around the new railroad, opened the fledgling community's first general store in 1871, Lindale had its start. Several stories abound locally about how Lindale got its name, but the most common is that Lindsey's name was combined with the suffix "dale" to form "Lindseydale."
The name was shortened to Lindale in 1874. A year the International-Great Northern Railroad extended its line through Lindale, the town's fledgling canning and fruit packing industries took off. By the late 1880s, some 300 people lived in the town, gaining fame for its fruit and berry canning industry. By 1900, the city had its own newspaper, two cotton gins, several shops, churches, a telephone exchange, a doctor and lawyer, as well as the ubiquitous canning factory. In 1905, the town was incorporated. Produce continued to be the city's main source of income, by 1950 the town had gained a reputation for being the "blackberry capital of the world," with tons of berries being canned and shipped each year; the 1949 comedy film release, Strike It Rich, starring Rod Cameron and Bonita Granville, was filmed in the Lindale and Kilgore area. An exhibit on the picture is found at the Old Mill Museum in Lindale. In 1996, Lindale's school board banned 32 books from its schools, including To Kill a Mockingbird, because they "conflicted with the values of the community."
According to school board president John Offutt, a Baptist minister, the board's action was an attempt to make students adhere to Christian beliefs. To Kill a Mockingbird is again required reading in the High School Pre-AP English II class. Lindale's produce trade has declined over the past two decades, with the closure of its canning factory, allowing other industries to grow, including cattle, hay production, rose-growing. Several religious ministries either were located near Lindale. With the growth of Tyler and the increased traffic on I-20 and US-69, Lindale has experienced a surge in residential and other commercial development; the town is served by the Lindale Independent School District, one of Texas' top public school districts. In 2010, Lindale Independent School District was rated as "Exemplary" by the Texas Education Agency. Since 2008, the nearby Texas Rose Horse Park has been the home of the annual Super Ride: International Festival of the Equestrian Arts; the event hosts the prestigious United States Equestrian Drill Championship.
For Super Ride XII in June 2014, the format has been expanded to include an International Quadrille Championship, an American Vaulting Association recognized Vaulting Celebration and The World Escaramuza Challenge. Lindale is located at 32°30′26″N 95°24′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.0 square miles, of which 4.0 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,954 people, 1,102 households, 794 families residing in the city; the population density was 736.2 people per square mile. There were 1,186 housing units at an average density of 295.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 88.19% White, 6.91% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 2.17% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population. There were 1,102 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.9% were non-families.
24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06. In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,733, the median income for a family was $38,787. Males had a median income of $31,538 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,825. About 9.6% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over. Paul Baloche – Christian singer-songwriter Kelli Finglass – director of Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders. Graduated from Lindale High School. Jim Granberry – Ortho
Smith County, Texas
Smith County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 209,714, its county seat is Tyler. Smith County is named for a general during the Texas Revolution. Smith County is part of the Tyler metropolitan statistical area as well as the Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area. For thousands of years, indigenous peoples occupied this area of present-day Texas; the first known inhabitants of the area now known as Smith County were the Caddo Indians, who were recorded here until 1819. That year a band of Cherokee Indians, led by The Bowl, migrated from Georgia and settled in what are now Smith and Rusk counties; the Treaty of Bowles Village on February 23, 1836, between the Republic of Texas and the Cherokee and twelve affiliated tribes, gave all of Smith and Cherokees counties as well as parts of western Rusk County, southern Gregg along with southeastern Van Zandt counties to the tribes. The Native Americans remained on these lands until the Cherokee War in the summer of 1839, as part of conflicts with Native Americans in Texas.
The Cherokee were driven out of Smith County, as others of their kin were forced from the Southeast United States during Indian Removal. After 1845 some Cherokee returned when Benjamin Franklin Thompson, a white man married to a Cherokee, purchased 10,000 aces of land in Rusk County; the Mount Tabor Indian Community developed here, some six miles south of present-day Kilgore. The Community grew and incorporated areas near Overton and Troup, Texas. In July 1846 Smith County separated from the Nacogdoches District and was named for James Smith, a General of the Texas Revolution. At this time Tyler was designated as the county seat. Camp Ford was the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Here Sheriff Jim Reed of Collin County and Judge McReynolds, former chief justice of the district, were seized and lynched by "Regulators." The original site of the Camp stockade is now a public historic park, owned by Smith County, managed by the Smith County Historical Society.
The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles north of Loop 323. The Smith County Historical Society, a 501 non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering and preserving data and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. More information can be found at the Smith County Historical Society Website. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 950 square miles, of which 921 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water; the county infrastructure includes some 1,180 miles of two lane county road. Wood County Upshur County Gregg County Rusk County Cherokee County Henderson County Van Zandt County As of the census of 2010, there were 209,714 people and 76,427 households residing in the county; the population density was 227.6 people per square mile. There were 87,309 housing units; the racial makeup of the county was 70.1% White, 17.9% Black or African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.2% Asian, 2.0% persons reporting two or more races.
17.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 76,427 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of a householder living alone. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13. The median income for a household in the county was $46,139; the per capita income for the county was $25,374. About 15.4% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males. Conservative whites in Smith County began to ally with the Republican Party in 1964, making it one of three East Texas counties, along with Panola and Gregg, to vote for Barry Goldwater in 1964, when native son Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson won re-election.
At that time most blacks and Latinos in the county were still disenfranchised due to the state's discriminatory use of certain barriers. The last Democrat to carry Smith County was incumbent President Harry S. Truman in 1948. No Democrat has gained 30 percent of the county’s vote in the past five elections; the last Democrat to gain more than 40 percent was Jimmy Carter from Georgia in 1976. Smith County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Matt Schaefer of Tyler and the Texas Senate by Senator Bryan Hughes, its U. S. representative is Louie Gohmert. The county is governed by a Commissioners Court, made up of four members elected from single-member districts and a County Judge elected at-large; the county has been concerned about its roads since the early 21st century. It has some 1,180 miles of two-lane county roads. 70% of these county roads were rated as "bad" or "poor" in 2004. The county Commissioners Court appointed a new county engineer in 2005 and initiated an aggressive reconstruction campaign.
But after the election of 2006, the Commissioners Court cut back on the improvement campaign. During this period the county commissioners and judge passed what beca