Gare de Strasbourg-Ville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Strasbourg SNCF
SNCF railway station
Gare de Strasbourg Interior, Alsace, France - Diliff.jpg
Original facade under the modern canopy built in 2007
Location20 Place de la gare, 67000 Strasbourg
Coordinates48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444Coordinates: 48°35′06″N 7°44′04″E / 48.58500°N 7.73444°E / 48.58500; 7.73444
Owned bySNCF
Line(s)Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway
Strasbourg–Basel railway
Appenweier–Strasbourg railway
Strasbourg–Lauterbourg railway
Strasbourg–Saint-Dié railway
Tracks13
Construction
ArchitectJohann Eduard Jacobsthal
Other information
Websitegare-strasbourg.fr
History
Opened1841
Rebuilt1883
Traffic
Passengers (2017)19,423,501[1]
Location
Strasbourg is located in France
Strasbourg
Strasbourg SNCF
Location within France

Strasbourg-Ville is the main railway station in the city of Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, France. It is the eastern terminus of the Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway; the current core building, an example of historicist architecture of the Wilhelminian period, replaced a previous station inaugurated in 1852, later turned into a covered market and ultimately demolished.

Previous history[edit]

Strasbourg's first railway station was inaugurated on 19 September 1841 with the opening of the Strasbourg–Basel railway, it was situated far from the city center, in the district of Koenigshoffen.[2] On 11 July 1846, it was moved to the city center; a new building was designed (as a terminus station) by the French architect Jean-André Weyer (1805–??) and inaugurated on 18 July 1852 by Président Bonaparte. After the German annexation of Alsace following the Franco-Prussian War and as part of the general rebuilding of the town after the Siege of Strasbourg, the construction of a larger station (not a terminus station) in the Neustadt was decided and began in 1878. Weyer's station became Strasbourg's central market hall in 1884, it was demolished in 1974.[3]

Building[edit]

The historical building of Strasbourg's current railway station was built between 1878 and 1883 by the German architect Johann Eduard Jacobsthal (1839–1902). In 1900, Hermann Eggert, architect of the imperial palace Palais du Rhin, added a special waiting section and staircase for the German emperor, Wilhelm II, now known as the Salon de l'empereur, with stained glass windows by the manufacturers Ott Frères; the historical building was classified as a Monument historique (type "inscrit") on 28 December 1984. Prior to the opening of the high speed train line LGV Est, the station was refurbished by architect Jean-Marie Duthilleul (born 1952) in 2006–2007 and its size and capacity largely increased by the addition of a huge glass roof entirely covering the historical façade; the modernization of the station was bestowed a Brunel Award in 2008.[4][5][6]

The main hall is adorned by two larger than life statues of female allegorical figures representing Industry and Agriculture, they are the work of Otto Geyer.[4] Geyer also sculpted the figured reliefs adorning the historical façade, both of which bear his signature.

Works by Otto Geyer (1882)
Relief on façade
Relief on façade
Statue "Agriculture"

The main hall also used to display two frescos by Hermann Knackfuss, painted in 1885, one depicting William I's visit of the fortress Fort Kronprinz in Hausbergen (now Fort Foch, Niederhausbergen), belonging to the fortified belt around Strasbourg, on 3 May 1877 and the other one, as a historical parallel, depicting in Frederick I's arrival in Haguenau in 1164; the two works of art, called Im alten Reich and Im neuen Reich ("In the old Empire" and "In the new Empire") were removed at some point in the 20th century and are lost.[4]

Gare de Strasbourg as viewed from Place de la Gare at dusk, showing the new and old façades

Services[edit]

Gare de Strasbourg around 1910
Historical main hall
A TGV (right) and a TER (left) in Gare de Strasbourg

The station is the main station in Strasbourg and one of the main stations in France with over 18.3 million passengers in 2016. TGV service is being improved by the LGV Est, which will be opened in April 2016;[7] the first phase opened in 2007 and cut travel time between Paris and Strasbourg from 4 hours to 2 h, 20 min; the opening of the second phase will decrease travel time to 1 h, 50 min.[8]

TGV[edit]

Other Main Line services[edit]

TER[edit]

  • Strasbourg - Colmar - Mulhouse - Basel (TER Alsace with high-speed TER 200 trains)[10]
  • Strasbourg - Haguenau
  • Strasbourg - Metz
  • Strasbourg - Nancy
  • Strasbourg - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges - Épinal[11]
  • Strasbourg - Sarreguemines - Saarbrücken(D)
  • Strasbourg - Kehl - Offenburg (Métro-Rhin and Ortenau-S-Bahn)
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
toward Paris-Est
TGVTerminus
toward northwestern France
TGV
TerminusTGV
toward Zürich
TerminusTGV
toward southeastern France
Terminus
TGV
toward Freiburg
Terminus
ICE/TGV 83
towards Munich Hbf
towards Marseille
ICE/TGV 84
toward Brussels Hbf
EuroCity
toward Zürich Hbf
TerminusTER Grand Est A1
toward Basel SBB
TER Grand Est A2
toward Mulhouse
TER Grand Est A3
toward Sarrebourg
TER Grand Est A5
toward Niederbronn
TER Grand Est A6
toward Saarbrücken
TER Grand Est A7
toward Barr
TER Grand Est A8
TER Grand Est A9
toward Lauterbourg
TER Grand Est A11
toward Offenburg
TER Grand Est A34
toward Wissembourg
toward Nancy-Ville
TER Grand Est A13Terminus
toward Metz-Ville
TER Grand Est A14

Local transport connections[edit]

The station also serves lines A, C and D of the Strasbourg tramway; the lines A and D stop in the underground station beneath the actual building, that was inaugurated on 25 November 1994 together with the line A. Line C (opened in 2010) stops overground, on Place de la gare.

The following buses of the CTS stop at the railway station: Line 2, Line 10 and Bus à haut niveau de service G (from 30 November 2013)[12]

Other stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fréquentation en gares - Strasbourg". SNCF. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Ancienne gare de Koenigshoffen". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).[unreliable source?]
  3. ^ "Ancienne gare de Strasbourg". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ a b c "Gare de Strasbourg". archi-strasbourg.org (in French).[unreliable source?]
  5. ^ "Gare ferroviaire centrale, Strasbourg". Base Mérimée database (in French). French Ministry of Culture.
  6. ^ "10th Brunel Awards 2008". brunel-awards.org. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  7. ^ "LGV Est Phase 2 completed". Railway Gazette. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  8. ^ "RFF attribue le marché du Tunnel de Saverne" (PDF). BG-21.com (in French). Réseau Ferée de France. 15 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Strasbourg-Moscou en train, c'est désormais possible". France 3 Alsace. 10 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Se déplacer en TER". ter-sncf.com (in French).
  11. ^ "TER 200". TER Alsace. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012.
  12. ^ "Detailed public transport network map" (PDF). cts-strasbourg.eu.

External links[edit]