Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city, it has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy. Leeds was a small manorial borough in the 13th century, in the 17th and 18th centuries it became a major centre for the production and trading of wool, in the Industrial Revolution a major mill town. From being a market town in the valley of the River Aire in the 16th century, Leeds expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century.
It now lies within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.6 million. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre, outside London with the financial and insurance services industry worth £13 billion to the city's economy; the finance and business service sector account for 38% of total output with more than 30 national and international banks located in the city, including an office of the Bank of England. Leeds is the UK's third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees, Leeds manufacturing firms account for 8.8% of total employment in the city and is worth over £7 billion to the local economy. The largest sub-sectors are engineering and publishing, food and drink and medical technology. Other key sectors include retail and the visitor economy and the creative and digital industries; the city saw several firsts, including the oldest-surviving film in existence, Roundhay Garden Scene, the 1767 invention of soda water.
Public transport and road communications networks in the region are focused on Leeds, the second phase of High Speed 2 will connect it to London via East Midlands Hub and Sheffield Meadowhall. Leeds has the third busiest railway station and the tenth busiest airport outside London; the name derives from the old Brythonic word Ladenses meaning "people of the fast-flowing river", in reference to the River Aire that flows through the city. This name referred to the forested area covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the 5th century into the early 7th century. Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Ecclesiastical History, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in...regione quae vocatur Loidis. An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a word of uncertain origin; the term Leodensian is used, from the city's Latin name. The name has been explained as a derivative of Welsh lloed, meaning "a place".
Leeds developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Before the Industrial Revolution, it became a co-ordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth, white broadcloth was traded at its White Cloth Hall. Leeds handled one sixth of England's export trade in 1770. Growth in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699 and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816. In the late Georgian era, William Lupton, Lord of the Manor of Leeds, was one of a number of central Leeds landowners with the mesne lord title, some of whom, like him, were textile manufacturers. At the time of his death in 1828, Lupton's land in Briggate in central Leeds included a mill, manor house and outbuildings; the railway network constructed around Leeds, starting with the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, provided improved communications with national markets and for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets.
Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Leeds retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in 1864. Marshall's Mill was one of the first of many factories constructed in Leeds from around 1790 when the most significant were woollen finishing and flax mills. Manufacturing diversified by 1914 to printing, engineering and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the 1930s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the 1970s, the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition; the contemporary economy has been shaped by Leeds City Council's vision of building a'24-hour European city' and'capital of the north'. The city has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors, increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market.
Leeds City Region Enterprise Zone was launched in April 2012 to promote development in four sites along the A63 East Leeds Link Road. Leeds was a manor and townshi
York railway station
York railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of York, North Yorkshire. It is 188 miles 40 chains north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Doncaster to the south and Thirsk to the north; as of June 2018 the station is operated by London North Eastern Railway. York's station is a key junction halfway between London and Edinburgh, it is five miles north of the point where the Cross Country and TransPennine Express routes via Leeds join the main line, connecting Scotland and the North East, North West and southern England. The junction was a major site for rolling stock manufacture and repair. In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins, the station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars; the first York railway station was a temporary wooden building on Queen Street outside the walls of the city, opened in 1839 by the York and North Midland Railway. It was succeeded inside the walls, by what is now York old railway station.
In due course, the irksome requirement that through trains between London and Newcastle needed to reverse out of the old York station to continue their journey necessitated the construction of a new through station outside the walls. The present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway architects Thomas Prosser and William Peachey, opened on 25 June 1877, it was at that time the largest in the world. As part of the new station project, the Royal Station Hotel, designed by Peachey, opened in 1878. In 1909 new platforms were added, in 1938 the current footbridge was built and the station resignalled; the building was bombed during the Second World War. On one occasion, on 29 April 1942, 800 passengers had to be evacuated from a King's Cross-Edinburgh train which arrived during a bombing raid. On the same night, two railway workers were killed, one being station foreman William Milner, who died after returning to his burning office to collect his first aid kit, he was posthumously awarded the King's commendation for gallantry.
A plaque in his memory has been erected at the station. The station was extensively repaired in 1947; the station was designated as a Grade II* listed building in 1968. The track layout through and around the station was remodelled again in 1988 as part of the resignalling scheme, carried out prior to the electrification of the ECML shortly afterwards; this resulted in several bay platforms being taken out of the track to them removed. At the same time a new signalling centre was commissioned on the western side of the station to control the new layout and take over the function of several other signal boxes on the main line; the IECC here now supervises the main line from Temple Hirst through to Northallerton, along with sections of the various routes branching from it. It has taken over responsibility for the control area of the former power box at Leeds and thus signals trains as far away as Gargrave and Morley. In 2006–7, to improve facilities for bus and car users as well as pedestrians and cyclists, the approaches to the station were reorganised.
The former motive power depot and goods station now house the National Railway Museum. On 31 March 1920, a passenger train was derailed as it entered platform 8. On 5 August 1958, a passenger train crashed into the buffers at platform 12. All the platforms except 9, 10 and 11 are under the large, curved and iron roof, they are accessed via lifts and either of two pedestrian tunnels. Between April 1984 and 2011 the old tea rooms housed the Rail Riders World/York Model Railway exhibition; the station was renovated in 2009. Platform 9 has been extensive lighting alterations were put in place. New automated ticket gates were planned, but the City of York Council wished to avoid spoiling the historic nature of the station; the operator National Express East Coast planned to appeal the decision but the plans were scrapped altogether upon handover to East Coast. The southern side of the station has been given new signalling systems. An additional line and new junction was completed in early 2011; this work has helped take away one of the bottlenecks on the East Coast Main Line.
The station has become the site of one of Network Rail's modern Rail Operation Centres, which opened in September 2014 on land to the west of the station This took over the functions of the former IECC in December 2018 and will control much of the East Coast Main Line from London to the Scottish border and various subsidiary routes across the North East and South, North and West Yorkshire. The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the most recent being in the late 1980s to coincide with a reduction in the number of platforms from 15 to 11; the current use is: Platform 1: South-facing bay platform used for services to Hull or Sheffield via Moorthorpe and for stabling empty stock. Platform 2: North-facing bay platform connected only to the Scarborough branch, used for stabling a spare TransPennine Express unit. Platform 3: Main southbound platform, accessible directly from the station concourse. Fast and semi-fast southbound London North Eastern Railway for London King's Cross use this platform.
CrossCountry services, Grand Central, some westbound TransPennine Express services use it. Platform 4: Northward continuation of platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch
Virgin Trains East Coast
Virgin Trains East Coast was a train operating company in the United Kingdom that operated the InterCity East Coast franchise on the East Coast Main Line between London, the North East and Scotland. It commenced operations on 1 March 2015, taking over from East Coast as a joint venture between Stagecoach and Virgin Group. Intended to run until 2023 and return £3.3 billion to the government in the form of franchise premiums, due to the line performing below VTEC's expectations, it was announced in May 2018 that the contract would be terminated early by the government. While the operation itself was profitable, VTEC placed part of the blame for the underperformance with respect to their franchise bid on their belief the state had failed to deliver expected upgrades or new trains, while the government claimed VTEC had overbid. Given it was the third instance of the East Coast franchise needing to be terminated early for financial reasons, it was announced the next permanent arrangement, to begin in 2020, would feature closer cooperation between the private sector and Network Rail, the state owned operator of the infrastructure.
In January 2014, FirstGroup, Keolis/Eurostar and Stagecoach/Virgin were announced by the Department for Transport as the shortlisted bidders for the new InterCity East Coast franchise. In November 2014, the eight-year franchise was awarded to the Stagecoach/Virgin joint venture and commenced operating on 1 March 2015 trading as Virgin Trains East Coast. Due to concerns over the planned introduction of driver-only operation by VTEC, in addition to nearly 200 planned compulsory redundancies and staff pay concerns, the National Union of Rail and Transport Workers announced that three 24-hour strikes would be held by all workers at VTEC in August 2016. A further breakdown in negotiations between the RMT and VTEC resulted in the union calling for further industrial action, which took place for 24 hours on 3 October 2016. Further strikes were subsequently called, for 48 hours on 28–29 April 2017. Virgin Trains East Coast took over all of the services operated by East Coast, it categorised its weekday services from London King's Cross into four routes: Virgin Trains East Coast operated a number of named passenger trains, including: Virgin Trains East Coast introduced once per day services to Stirling and Sunderland via Newcastle on 14 December 2015, along with one extra service each weekday evening between Hull and Doncaster via Selby.
In May 2016, a number of weekday services to Newcastle were extended to Edinburgh meaning there is a complete half hourly service between the two cities. From December 2016, Morpeth benefited from additional stops provided by the operator to improve connections to Edinburgh and London. Following the December 2017 timetable change, VTEC introduced 24 new Saturday services, increasing the number of Saturday services to 151, only six fewer than weekdays. A weekday service from York at 4:40 am arriving in London for 7 am was introduced. Virgin Trains East Coast inherited InterCity 225s from East Coast. Most driving vehicles received a Virgin logo within the first three days of the franchise, all train sets received a full Virgin Trains East Coast livery by November 2015. Attention turned to the interiors, with toilets to be refreshed and seat covers and carpets replaced; the first refurbished set entered service on 31 December 2015, by August 2016 all of the HST sets had been refurbished followed by the 225's completed refurbished fleet in January 2017.
In July 2015, an additional InterCity 125 set was transferred from East Midlands Trains. In September 2016, Virgin Trains East Coast hired three Class 90s from DB Cargo for use on services to Newark and Leeds. Virgin Trains East Coast had four main depots: Bounds Green TMD, London Neville Hill TMD, Leeds Heaton TMD, Newcastle – managed by Northern Craigentinny TMD, Edinburgh – for repaints and heavy duty maintenance The public performance measure shows the percentage of trains which arrive at their terminating station on time, it combines figures for reliability into a single performance measure. The most recent figure for Virgin Trains East Coast's PPM was 82.0%, up from 81.1% in the same period a year ago. The moving annual average PPM was 86.9%. Virgin Trains East Coast was forecast to pay higher premiums to the government than its predecessor East Coast did: £3.3 billion over eight years, compared with East Coast’s £1 billion over five years. In August 2016, a video was released of Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn in which he said he was forced to sit on the floor on a VTEC train to Newcastle because the train was "ram-packed".
At the time, Corbyn said "Is it fair that I should upgrade my ticket whilst others who might not be able to afford such a luxury should have to sit on the floor? It’s their money I would be spending after all.” However, Virgin Trains released edited CCTV footage which they claimed showed Corbyn walking past empty seats in Coach H, filming the video and walking back to Coach H to sit for the rest of the journey. Corbyn said about the incident "Yes, I did walk through the train. Yes, I did look for two empty seats together so I could sit down with my wife; that wasn't possible so I went to the end of the train." Analysis
Aberford is a large village and civil parish on the eastern outskirts of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 1,059 according to the 2001 census, increasing to 1,180 at the 2011 Census, it is situated 10 miles east, north east of Leeds city centre and lies in the LS25 Leeds postcode area. Aberford was the crossing point of the ancient Great North Road over the Cock River. Aberford was considered the midway point between London and Edinburgh, being around 200 miles distant from each city, until the construction of the A1 motorway bypass starting at Hook Moor. On the north side of the river are The Aberford Dykes, earthworks to defend the crossing; the buried remains of a Roman fort have been found beneath Aberford House. The current bridge dates from the 18th century. Aberford was in the ancient Kingdom of Elmet, the name given to the local parliamentary constituency; the name'Aberford' is of Anglo-Saxon origin translating as'Eadburg's ford', indicating the settlement's once-strategic importance.
An Anglo-Saxon gold ring, inscribed with the name of King Alfred the Great's sister Æthelswith, was found in a ploughed field near the village in 1870 and was bequeathed by A. W. Franks to the British Museum in 1897. In the 17th century it was a major place for the manufacture of pins. Aberford's growth has been along the road and the village has developed a linear rather than nucleated profile. Since the early 1990s much new housing has been constructed, as increasing affluence allows people to move away from city centres to rural and suburban areas. Geologically, Aberford lies east of the narrow basal sandstone boundary between central Leeds' soft Coal Measures and much harder magnesian limestone deposits, sits in an area shaped by subsidence of the underlying Coal Measures. Aberford is considered "a place of special architectural and historic interest"; some notable buildings are as follows. St Ricarius Church; the parish church is an 1861 rebuilding of a 12th century one. The Gascoigne Almshouses designed by George Fowler Jones and built by two sisters Mary Isabella and Elizabeth in 1844 to commemorate their father, Richard Oliver Gascoigne and two brothers who died in quick succession.
They are grade II* listed buildings. Aberford House, a classical 18th century mansion on Main Street; the Swan Hotel a staging post used by those travelling the Great North Road. The Arabian Horse inn, one of only a few public houses in the UK with this name, a key landmark with the conservation area; the village contains a number of functional buildings, such as Aberford Church of England primary School, affiliated with the St Ricarius parish church adjacent to it. The school was a tithe barn. At the northern boundary lies the A64 road from Leeds to York and Scarborough. At the south end of Aberford is what used to be Hicklam Mill Farm now a small certified caravan and camping site; the Parlington Estate holds a monument to the independence of the United States, built by a member of the Gascoigne family. Inscribed on both elevations is the phrase "Liberty in N. America Triumphant MDCCLXXXIII"; the Parlington estate holds artefacts and constructions, in particular the'Dark Arch', a short curved tunnel along Parlington Lane reputed to be haunted.
It was built c. 1813–14 to shield the residents of Parlington Hall from the traffic passing along Parlington Lane horse drawn coal traffic, as it was taken to the village distribution point in Aberford for onward travel into the local market. The lane was developed for a private railway to transport the coal from the Gascoigne's pits to Garforth; the railway closed in 1924. Parlington Hall was left to run to ruins from 1905 after the death of Col F. C. T. Gascoigne, the Hall was demolished in the 1950s and 1960s, though the west wing is still intact; the estate was used by the army during the Second World Wars. The structures, built during the Second World War and still in existence, were constructed by the soldiers of No.3 Vehicle Repair Depot, part of Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Nellie's Tree is a local landmark, voted English and British Tree of the Year for 2018. Aberford Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan. Www.leeds.gov.uk. Leeds City Council. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
Aberford Neighbourhood Development Plan 2018-2028. Www.leeds.gov.uk. Aberford District Council. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2019. Aberford community website with local news and parish council information A comprehensive History of Parlington Hall, features associated with the hall like the Ice House, the Dark Arch and the Triumphal Arch.' Leeds's geology Aberford C of E School Roman Roads in Britain Details on the Great North Road The Aberford Railway, at the LNER Encyclopedia Photos of Aberford and surrounding area on geograph Leodis View photographs of Aberford on the Leeds photographic archive
The Castleford–Garforth line was a single-track railway line in West Yorkshire, connecting Castleford with Garforth east of Leeds. The line left the route of the York and North Midland Railway at Castleford East Junction, turning north and crossing Wheldon Road on a plate girder bridge. Curving north-west, it crossed the River Aire east of its junction with the Aire and Calder Navigation on Castleford Viaduct, a long iron bridge. After a level crossing with Ings Lane and passing under Barnsdale Road, it reached Ledston, east of the A656 near Allerton Bywater, with a connection to Allerton Bywater colliery; the line continued along the northern edge of Allerton Bywater. Bowers Halt was situated about one mile northwest of Ledston station, Kippax another three quarters of a mile further, near today's Berry Lane east of Great Preston. From there, the line continued north for about 2 mi, passed under the A63 road, curved in a wide S-bend towards the tracks of the Leeds and Selby Railway, crossing Ninelands Lane and joining the main line in a trailing junction east of Garforth station.
From a junction north of Bowers Halt, a branch of the line led west towards an opencast mine, now the place of St Aidan's country park. It served several collieries in the area between Swillington and Allerton Bywater; the length of the line between Castleford East Junction and Garforth was 6.3 mi. Trains between Castleford station and Garforth covered a distance of 7 mi. An act for the construction of the line was passed in 1873. Built by the Leeds and Pontefract Junction Railway, prior to its opening in 1878 the NER had acquired over three quarters of the shares in the line. Passenger trains between Castleford and Garforth continued from and to Leeds, serving the intermediate stations between Garforth and Leeds. Passenger services on the Castleford to Garforth Line closed on 22 January 1951. Freight traffic between Garforth and Ledston ended on 14 July 1969. About 1.5 mi of track were retained from Castleford East Junction to Ledston to serve Allerton Bywater and Bowers Row collieries/opencast mines, RJB Mining’s Ledston Unloading Hopper Compound.
These services ended on 6 June 1998. In 2009 there were reports that Network Rail considered reopening the line to run more services between Castleford and Leeds; the major structure of the line is the 840 ft long Castleford Viaduct over the River Aire. It has a bow string centre section with two long plate girder approach spans, supported by sets of tubular steel piers. Due to corrosion, it is in poor condition. A plate girder bridge led the line across Wheldon Road in Castleford; this is still in place, while the bridges over Brecks Lane and over Ninelands Lane have been removed. The tracks north of Ledston have been lifted, the line has been overbuilt in Garforth. About 4 mi of the line between Silkstone Square in Allerton Bywater and Ninelands Lane on Garforth are now used as a bridleway, known as the Lines Way, as is a 0.75 mi long section of the colliery branch west of Bower Halt. The intermediate stations have been demolished
North Eastern Railway (United Kingdom)
The North Eastern Railway was an English railway company. It was incorporated in 1854 by the combination of several existing railway companies, it was amalgamated with other railways to form the London and North Eastern Railway at the Grouping in 1923. Its main line survives to the present day as part of the East Coast Main Line between London and Edinburgh. Unlike many other pre-Grouping companies the NER had a compact territory, in which it had a near monopoly; that district extended through Yorkshire, County Durham and Northumberland, with outposts in Westmorland and Cumberland. The only company penetrating its territory was the Hull & Barnsley, which it absorbed shortly before the main grouping; the NER's main line formed the middle link on the Anglo-Scottish "East Coast Main Line" between London and Edinburgh, joining the Great Northern Railway near Doncaster and the North British Railway at Berwick-upon-Tweed. Although a Northern English railway, the NER had a short length of line in Scotland, in Roxburghshire, with stations at Carham and Sprouston on the Tweedmouth-Kelso route, was a joint owner of the Forth railway bridge and its approach lines.
The NER was the only English railway to run trains into Scotland, over the Berwick-Edinburgh main line as well as on the Tweedmouth-Kelso branch. The total length of line owned was 4,990 miles and the company's share capital was £82 million; the headquarters were at York and the works at Darlington, Gateshead and elsewhere. Befitting the successor to the Stockton & Darlington Railway, the NER had a reputation for innovation, it was a pioneer in electrification. In its final days it began the collection that became the Railway Museum at York, now the National Railway Museum. In 1913 the company achieved a total revenue of £11,315,130 with working expenses of £7,220,784. Constituent companies of the NER are listed in chronological order under the year of amalgamation, their constituent companies are indented under the parent company with the year of amalgamation in parenthesis. If a company changed its name, the earlier names and dates are listed after the name; the information for this section is drawn from Appendix E in Tomlinson.
1854 York and Berwick Railway was York and Newcastle Railway and Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway Durham Junction Railway Brandling Junction Railway Durham and Sunderland Railway Pontop and South Shields Railway Stanhope and Tyne Railway Newcastle and Berwick Railway Newcastle and North Shields Railway Great North of England Railway York and North Midland Railway Leeds and Selby Railway Whitby and Pickering Railway East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway Leeds Northern Railway was Leeds and Thirsk Railway Malton and Driffield Railway1857 Deerness Valley Railway Hartlepool Dock and Railway1858 North Yorkshire and Cleveland Railway1859 Bedale and Leyburn Railway1862 the "N. E. R. Foss Island BR" railway line, which appears on the 1860 Ordnance Survey map near Elmfield College Hull and Holderness Railway Newcastle and Carlisle Railway Blaydon and Hebburn Railway 1863 Stockton and Darlington Railway Darlington and Barnard Castle Railway Middlesbrough and Guisborough Railway Middlesbrough and Redcar Railway Wear Valley Railway Bishop Auckland and Weardale Railway Eden Valley Railway Frosterley and Stanhope Railway South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway 1865 Cleveland Railway West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway Clarence Railway Stockton and Hartlepool Railway 1866 Hull and Hornsea Railway1870 West Durham Railway1872 Hull and Selby Railway1874 Blyth and Tyne Railway 1876 Hexham and Allendale Railway Leeds and Pontefract Junction Railway1882 Tees Valley Railway1883 Hylton and Monkwearmouth Railway Scotswood and Wylam Railway1889 Whitby and Middlesbrough Union Railway1893 Wear Valley Extension Railway1898 Scarborough & Whitby Railway1900 Cawood and Selby Light Railway1914 Scarborough and West Riding Junction Railway1922 Hull and Barnsley Railway 1853 Hartlepool West Harbour and Dock1857 Hartlepool Dock and Railway1893 Hull Dock Company Having inherited the country's first great barrel-vault roofed station, Newcastle Central, from its constituent the York Newcastle & Berwick railway, the NER during the next half century built a finer set of grand principal stations than any other British railway company, with examples at Alnwick, Gateshead East, Stockton, Darlington Bank Top and Hull Paragon.
The four largest, at Newcastle, Darlington and Hull survive in transport use. Alnwick is still extant but in non-transport use since 1991 as a second-hand book warehouse, the others having been demolished during the 1950s/60s state-owned railway era, two following Second World War blitz damage. York station was the hub of the system, the headquarters of the line was located here; the basis for the present station was opened on 25 June 1877. Until the advent of modern signalling, the 295-lever box was the largest manually worked signal box in Britain. Newcastle station, opened on 29 August 1850, became the largest on the NER. Other principal stations were located at Sunderland and Hull; the station at Leed
Selby railway station
Selby railway station is a Grade II listed station which serves the town of Selby in North Yorkshire, England. The original terminus station was opened in 1834 for the Leeds and Selby Railway; the Hull and Selby Railway extended the line in 1840, a new station was built, with the old station becoming a goods shed. The station was rebuilt in 1873 and 1891, the 1891 rebuilding being required due to the replacement of the swing bridge over the Ouse at the same time; the area around the station has been the location for the junctions of a number of lines, including the former East Coast Main Line route between Doncaster and York, as well as the Selby to Driffield Line, the Selby to Goole Line. After 1983 with the opening of the Selby Diversion Selby is no longer on the East Coast Main Line; as of 2014 lines lead from Selby to Leeds and Doncaster. The station is managed by TransPennine Express, receives regional trains operated by Northern and TransPennine Express, as well as Hull-London services operated by Hull Trains and London North Eastern Railway.
In 1834 the Leeds and Selby Railway opened, running east west from a terminus station in Marsh Lane, Leeds to a terminus at Selby. The line opened 22 September 1834, with only one track complete. A train from Leeds arrived in Selby around 9 am, to a general celebration; when general service started the journey took about 65 minutes. The main stations were not completed until a few months. Both tracks of the line were completed by 15 December 1834; the basic design of the station was of a large warehouse shed, 245 feet long and 96 feet wide on a site of around 3 acres, with a wooden trussed roof of three spans supported via iron brackets on 19.5 feet cast iron columns, which were hollow and acted as drainpipes, to collect rain water stored in underground tanks. Station offices and other buildings were built adjoining the station; the train shed had four for freight and two for passengers. Lines for coal and lime were separate, outside the shed to the east, the offices at the northwest corner; the line of rails continued through the station to a wharf on the River Ouse.
Journeys to Hull were completed by Packet boat from Selby. After construction of the new station in 1840, with the connection on the Hull and Selby Railway old station became a goods station; the rail links to the old station were removed in the 1980s. As of 2009 the station is used as warehousing by Viking Shipping Services Ltd. In 1840, the Hull and Selby Railway was opened. To cross the River Ouse, a bascule lifting bridge was installed, northwest of the old station. At that time ships had priority over railway traffic; the Hull and Selby, Leeds and Selby railways connected'end on' at Selby, west of the old station. A new through station was built, the old station became a goods station. In 1871 the NER opened two new sections of track, from Shaftholme junction to Selby Old West junction, from Barlby junction to Chaloner's Whin junction. A new station was constructed from between 1870 and 1873, built by Thomas Nelson to a design from Thomas Prosser's office in the NER. In 1891 a new swing bridge was built downstream of the original over the Ouse.
The priority of river traffic over rail traffic was reversed on completion of the new bridge. As a consequence of the shift in the path of the railway the old station was rebuilt; the down platforms were retained and modified, whilst the up platforms were moved eastwards, re-using and extending Prosser's platform roof. The architect for the remodelling and extension was the NER's William Bell. In addition to the main lines west to Leeds, east to Hull, north and south to York and Doncaster, the rail system at Selby was the location for a number of junctions to other lines, other facilities. A branch from the Hull line opened in 1848; the line ran around a mile east of Selby. The Cawood and Selby Light Railway was opened in 1898 linking the Leeds & Selby Railway to the village of Cawood; until 1904 the line had Brayton Gates, 1 mile west of Selby. The line was predominantly used for agricultural traffic but carried passengers until 1930, its final closure taking place in 1960; the Selby to Goole Line opened in 1910, ran via the villages of Barlow and Rawcliffe to Goole.
The line closed in 1964 as a result of the Beeching report. A short section of the line was used to access a ballast tip near Barlow until 1983. In the mid 20th century the'Loop Line' was converted into a triangle junction by the addition of a short chord between the Selby-Doncaster and Selby-Leeds lines. In 1983 the Selby Diversion of the East Coast Main Line was opened, avoiding the area around Selby due to possible subsidence from the drift mining works of the Selby Coalfield; as a result, Selby ceased to be a through route on the ECML. The 1871 line from Selby to York was closed on 24 May 1983 and in 1989 was converted into a cycle track which now forms part of route 65 of the National Cycle Network; the line south to Temple Hirst