Eastside High School (Paterson, New Jersey)
Eastside High School is a four-year public high school in Paterson in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States, that serves the eastern section of Paterson. The nickname "Ghosts" for the school's athletic teams derives from a cemetery used in the 1800s that stood at the site of the current high school building. EHS, which serves grades students in ninth through twelfth grades, operates as part of the Paterson Public Schools; the school has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1928. The Eastside campus hosts three separate academy programs that operate independently but share a facility and athletic programs: School of Culinary Arts and Tourism - As of the 2015-16 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 711 students and 50.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 14.2:1. Edgard Nieves, Principal School of Government and Public Administration - 743 students and 59.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 12.6:1.
Miguel A. Sosa, Principal School of Information Technology - 721 students and 49.5 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 14.6:1. Vivian Gaines, PrincipalEastside High School opened on February 1, 1926; the school mascot is the Ghost. The school was the 311th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 316 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2008 cover story on the state's Top Public High Schools; the school was ranked 309th in the magazine's September 2006 issue, which surveyed 316 schools across the state. Schooldigger.com ranked the school 370th out of 376 public high schools statewide in its 2009-10 rankings which were based on the combined percentage of students classified as proficient or above proficient on the language arts literacy and mathematics components of the High School Proficiency Assessment. EHS is 55 % Hispanic of various Latin American nationalities, 43 % 2 % White. 37% of the school speaks Spanish in their homes while another 32% speaks another language other than English.
There are limited English proficiency students or LEPs who compose 12% of the school. Limited English Proficient students cannot speak, read, or write in English and are placed in "bilingual" classes. 45 % of the students participate in the reduced price lunch program. The average class size is 39 students, excluding special education; the school's ratio of students to computers is 9 to 1, with the state average being 4 to 1. On the Language Arts section of the High School Proficiency Assessment, 51% scored proficient and 46% scored partial. On the Math section of the test, 39 % scored 57 % scored partial; the average SAT score is 736 out of 1600. The Advanced Placement Program participation is 2%; the average attendance rate is 87%. As of the 2004-05 school year, EHS had a suspension rate of 10%. 60% of Eastside High School seniors graduated. 71% of the school graduated via the SRA process and 10% graduated through the LEP SRA process. 38% of the graduating seniors go on to four-year colleges and another 34% of the graduating seniors go on to two-year college.
The faculty gets paid $46,500 a year while the state average is $52,563. The administrators get paid $105,000. Since the school is in a "special needs" or one of the Abbott Districts, the district receives 85% of its budget from the state; the Eastside High School Ghosts compete in the Big North Conference, a super conference of about 40 public and private high schools in Bergen County and Passaic County that operates under the supervision of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. With 2,193 students in grades 10-12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2015-16 school year as North I, Group IV for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 1,090 to 2,568 students in that grade range. For the 2009-10 season, the school competed in the North Jersey Tri-County Conference, an interim conference established to facilitate the forthcoming realignment; until the NJSIAA's 2009 realignment, the school had participated in Division B of the Northern New Jersey Interscholastic League, made up of high schools located in Bergen County, Essex County and Passaic County, was separated into three divisions based on NJSIAA size classification.
Eastside plays an annual Thanksgiving Day football game against Kennedy High School. In 2011, Eastside won the 87th annual match-up between the two schools by a score of 17-12, ending the series at 40 wins, 40 losses and 7 ties. At the 93rd annual game in 2017, Kennedy defeated Eastside by a score of 16-6 to win their fourth game in a row in the annual rivalry; the boys' bowling team won the overall state championship in 1960. Paterson Eastside High is famous for its renaissance in the mid-1980s under the leadership of Joe Clark as principal; the school was depicted in the 1989 film Lean on Me. Fetty Wap, former student, filmed the music video for his song "Wake Up" in the school in 2016. Johnny Briggs, major league baseball player with Phillies and Twins. Essence Carson, WNBA basketball player with the New York Liberty and Los Angeles Sparks who attended Rosa L. Parks School of Fine and Performing Arts, while competing athletically at Eastside High School in Paterson, where she was an all-state volleyball player and state champion in the 400 meters.
Darren Porter, Holds state Record for with (6,456. All purpose yards in 2005 he was the “6th”prospect in the country. Christos Cotsakos, former CEO of E*TRADE. Larry Doby, Hall of Fame baseball player, the first black player in the Americ
Garden State Parkway
The Garden State Parkway, known colloquially as "the Parkway", is a 172.4-mile limited-access toll road that stretches the length of New Jersey from the state's southernmost tip at Cape May to the New York line at Montvale. Its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State"; the parkway's official, but unsigned, designation is Route 444. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo; the Parkway is for passenger vehicle use. The Parkway has been ranked as the busiest toll highway in the country based on the number of toll transactions. At 172 miles, the Parkway is the longest highway in the state; the Garden State Parkway begins at an at-grade trumpet interchange with Route 109 in Lower Township. Southbound, the junction with Route 109 is marked as exit 0; the parkway runs north as a four lane limited-access highway through Cape May County, crossing interchanges with Route 47 and Route 147, which provide drivers access to Wildwood and nearby North Wildwood.
Crossing into Cape May Court House, the road crosses exits 9, 10 and 11, former at-grade intersections upgraded in favor of graded interchanges. Exit 13 provides access to the city of Avalon, featuring an unusual interchange with a left-handed merge from the median of the roadway. After exit 17, the access to Sea Isle City, the parkway reaches the Ocean View Service Area. Exit 17 northbound marks the last interchange on the parkway before a toll barrier in Cape May County, as Upper Township marks the location of the Cape May Toll Barrier. Running west of swamplands along the Jersey Shore, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 50. Just to the north, the parkway's median is the home of the John B. Townsend Shoemaker Holly Picnic Area, one of two of the original ten picnic areas left along the Parkway. At exit 25 in Upper Township, U. S. Route 9 northbound joins the road before it crosses the Great Egg Harbor Bay on the Great Egg Harbor Bridge just east of the former Beesley's Point Bridge.
After landing in the Atlantic County community of Somers Point, Route 9 turns off at exit 29, located next to the Great Egg Toll Plaza going southbound. Returning to a four-lane arterial, the parkway runs along the western edges of Somers Point, soon crossing into Egg Harbor Township. In Egg Harbor Township, exit 36 marks the junction with US 40, US 322 and County Route 563. Here, the Parkway widens to six lanes; this marks the first of three interchanges with roads that access Atlantic City, located to the east. Two miles north, the road crosses a cloverleaf interchange with the limited-access Atlantic City Expressway. Crossing west of the Atlantic City Reservoir, the parkway comes to an interchange with US 30 in Pomona. North of the exit, the parkway median is home to the Atlantic Service Area, which provides home to a barrack of the New Jersey State Police and access to CR 561. Exits 41 and 44 provide access to Stockton University, located less than a mile from the parkway. Winding north into the Port Republic Wildlife Management Area, US 9 merges back into the parkway and crosses over the Mullica River into Burlington County.
Now in Bass River Township, US 9 departs at exit 50. North of exit 53, the parkway crosses. Crossing northward through Bass River State Forest, the six-lane highway becomes desolate. At exit 63, Route 72 meets the Parkway, providing access to Long Beach Island. Crossing northeast through the Pine Barrens, the parkway crosses into Lacey Township with the Forked River Service Area in the median. North of exit 77, the route crosses through Double Trouble State Park and enters the Toms River area. In Toms River, the parkway becomes concurrent with US 9 once again, from exits 80 to 83. At exit 82-82A, the parkway meets Route 37, which provides access to Lakehurst, Seaside Heights and Island Beach State Park. North of exit 83 is the Toms River Toll Barrier; this is the only plaza on the highway. North of the toll barrier, the parkway crosses an interchange with Route 70, connecting Brick Township and Point Pleasant Beach. Crossing through Brick Township, the parkway widens to eight lanes and reaches exit 98 near Allaire State Park.
The interchange designated as 96 and 97, involves a pair of collector-distributor roads to reach Interstate 195, Route 34 and Route 138. A park and ride is present in the cloverleaf with Route 138. Now in Monmouth County, the parkway reaches the Monmouth Service Area in the median; the service area provides a park and ride for commuters and access to CR 18. North of the service area, the parkway enters the stretch of exits 100A–C, serving Route 33 and Route 66. North of exit 102 in Tinton Falls, the road widens to ten lanes and reaches the northbound Asbury Park Toll Barrier. After the toll barrier, the two directions of road expand into express and local lanes in each direction in a 3-2-2-3 system. Just north of the split marks exit 105, servicing Route 18 and Route 36; the connector road from the parkway to the terminus of Route 36 and CR 51 is designated as Route 444S. The express and local lanes wind northwest through Monmouth County. At exit 116, access is provided to the PNC Bank Arts Center, Telegraph Hill Picnic Area and the New Jersey Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
There is access to nearby Crawfords Corner Road in Holmdel Township and a nearby park and ride. Crossing west of Hazlet, the parkway reaches exit 117 and exit 118, which mark
"Belle Vista" redirects here. For Belle Vista, see St. Pete Beach. Lambert Castle called Belle Vista, is located within the Garret Mountain Reservation in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States; the building was built in 1892 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 3, 1976. Lambert Castle was built in 1892 as the home of Catholina Lambert, the owner of a prominent silk mill in the City of Paterson. Constructed in the Medieval Revival architectural style, Mr. Lambert's dream was to build a home reminiscent of the castles in Great Britain that he remembered from his boyhood years. President William McKinley and Vice President Garret Hobart visited the castle in 1898. After Lambert's death in 1923, his family sold the building to the City of Paterson, which in turn sold it to Passaic County a few years later. Passaic County used the building for administrative offices, in 1936, provided one room to the fledgling Passaic County Historical Society to serve as its historical museum.
As time went by the museum grew, room by room, until the entire first floor became the historical museum. In the late 1990s, the Castle underwent a multimillion-dollar restoration and all four floors of the building were developed into a museum and library. Construction began on the castle in 1891; the castle was built on the side of the First Watchung Mountain out of granite. The sandstone was quarried from the surrounding hills; the initial construction cost was estimated at a half a million dollars. In 1896, an art gallery was added to the castle and a 70-foot observation tower was constructed on the crest of the cliff; the gallery wing fell into disrepair and was demolished in 1936. The observation tower was open to the public until the late 1960s when it was closed due to disrepair. In 2014 the Garret Rock Observation tower renovations were completed and the observation tower was reopened to the public. Admission to the tower is free with panoramic views available from the top. Great Falls National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey List of museums in New Jersey Lambert Castle Museum - official site
Danforth Memorial Library
Danforth Memorial Library known as the Paterson Free Public Library, is located in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The library was built in 1905 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 1, 1984; the Library houses the city's art collection of painting 19th century paintings donated to the city. Mary Danforth Ryle National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey
Great Falls (Passaic River)
The Great Falls of the Passaic River is a prominent waterfall, 77 feet high, on the Passaic River in the city of Paterson in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The falls and surrounding area are protected as part of the Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park, administered by the National Park Service; the Congress authorized its establishment in 2009. One of the United States' largest waterfalls, it played a significant role in the early industrial development of New Jersey starting in the earliest days of the nation, it is part of the Great Falls of Paterson–Garret Mountain National Natural Landmark. It has been designated as a National Historic Landmark District since 1976; the Great Falls' raceway and power systems were designated an Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1977. Geologically, the falls were formed at the end of the last ice age 13,000 years ago; the Passaic had followed a shorter course through the Watchung Mountains near present-day Summit. As the glacier receded, the river's previous course was blocked by a newly formed moraine.
A large lake, called Glacial Lake Passaic, formed behind the Watchungs. As the ice receded, the river found a new circuitous route around the north end of the Watchungs, carving the spectacular falls through the underlying basalt, formed 200 million years ago; the falls became the site of a habitation for Lenape Native Americans, for Dutch settlers in the 1690s. In 1778, Alexander Hamilton visited the was impressed by its potential for industry; when Hamilton was the nation's Secretary of Treasury, he selected the site of the nation's first planned industrial city, which he called a "national manufactory." In 1791, Hamilton helped found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures, state-chartered private corporation to fulfill this vision. The town of Paterson was founded by the society and named after New Jersey Governor William Paterson in appreciation of his efforts to promote the society. Hamilton commissioned civil engineer Pierre Charles L'Enfant, responsible for the layout of the new capital at Washington, D.
C. to design the system of canals known as raceways supplying the power for the watermills in the new town. As a result, Paterson became the nucleus for a burgeoning mill industry. In 1792, David Godwin was commissioned to build the first water-powered cotton spinning mill in New Jersey, he subsequently built the first Dam on the falls, it was a structure made of wood. In 1812, it was the site of the state's first continuous roll paper mill. Other products whose construction used the falls as a power source include the Rogers Locomotive Works, the Colt revolver, the USS Holland; the oldest extant structure in the historic district is the Phoenix Mill, built in 1813. The industrial area became the site of labor unrest, as it was a center for the 1913 Paterson silk strike. Immigrant workers, facing harsh conditions in factories staged numerous strikes, giving the United States its first organized labor movement; the society continued operation until 1945 when its charter and property were sold to the city of Paterson.
The area fell into disuse with the steep decline of industry in the region during the 20th century. In 1971, the Great Falls Preservation and Development Corporation was established to restore and redevelop the historic mill buildings and raceways; the State of New Jersey announced plans for a new urban state park in Paterson surrounding the Great Falls, called Great Falls State Park, in 2007. The master plan for the park called for utilizing surrounding industrial areas for parklands that include a trail network and recreation areas, creating new areas to view the falls; these plans were superseded by the establishment of Great Falls National Historical Park. The unique history of the falls and the city were described in the five-volume philosophical poem Paterson by William Carlos Williams. Among the episodes described in Williams' poem is the 1827 leap over the falls by Sam Patch, who became the first known person to perform a stunt at Niagara Falls; the 2016 film Paterson, directed by Jim Jarmusch, is inspired by the works of Williams and features the falls as a primary location.
The falls were featured in the pilot as well as episode 6 of the first season of The Sopranos, Pax Soprana in which two mobsters threw a drug dealer off the bridge and into the falls, to his death. The 2016 film "Paterson" about a local bus driver and his poetry has numerous scenes shot at the falls; the Falls are viewable from Haines Overlook Park on the south and Mary Ellen Kramer Park on the north. Drive-by viewing is available from McBride Avenue. A footbridge over the Falls gorge serves as an outlook point. A visitor's center at the corner of Spruce and McBride Avenues, in the Great Falls Historic District, provides a historical overview of the falls and the industrial and cultural history of Paterson. A record 177,000 visitors went to see the Great Falls in 2016; the Great Falls of Paterson – Garret Mountain is a National Natural Landmark designated in January 1967 and were expanded in April 1967 to include nearby Garret Mountain. Together they help demonstrate how jointed basaltic lava flow shaped the geology of the area during the Early Mesozoic period through both extrusion and intrusion.
The designation protects the site from federal development, but not from local and state development. Redevelopment of the decayed adjacent industrial areas has been an ongoing controversial topic. An attempt in the 1990s to redevelop the adjacent Allied Textile Printing Co. facility, destroyed by fire in the 1980s, into prefabricated t
Interstate 80 in New Jersey
Interstate 80 is a major Interstate Highway in the United States, running from San Francisco, California eastward to the New York City Metropolitan Area. In New Jersey, I-80 runs 68.54 miles from the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge at the Pennsylvania state line to its eastern terminus at I-95 in Teaneck, Bergen County. I-95 continues from the end of I-80 to the George Washington Bridge for access to New York City; the New Jersey Department of Transportation identifies I-80 within the state as the Christopher Columbus Highway. Throughout New Jersey, I-80 runs parallel to U. S. Route 46; the highway heads through rural areas of Warren and Sussex counties before heading into more suburban surroundings in Morris County. As the road continues into Passaic and Bergen counties, it heads into more urban areas. A freeway along the I-80 corridor had been planned in 1936 and again in 1955 to provide relief along US 46 between the George Washington Bridge and the Delaware Water Gap. With the establishment of the Interstate Highway System, this planned freeway, identified in some planning documents as the Bergen-Passaic Expressway, would be incorporated into I-80.
The freeway was built across New Jersey in various stages from the 1960s to 1973. The westernmost four miles in New Jersey was a rerouting of US 611 when built. In the 1990s, high-occupancy vehicle lanes had existed on a part of I-80 in Morris County but were opened to regular traffic due to under-use. I-80 enters Hardwick Township, Warren County from Pennsylvania on the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge over the Delaware River, maintained by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. In addition to carrying I-80, this bridge carries the Appalachian Trail over the Delaware River. From this point, the four-lane freeway heads south along the east bank of the river through the Delaware Water Gap reaching a westbound exit and eastbound entrance for Old Mine Road. Now maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, the road makes a sharp turn to the east and comes to a U-turn ramp in both directions that has access to the Appalachian Trail. NJDOT has proposed a controversial rock wall along the stretch to handle rock slides.
The highway heads south again and enters Knowlton Township, where it comes to another set of U-turn ramps that includes a weigh station in the eastbound direction. After turning southeast and leaving the Delaware Water Gap, the road has a westbound right-in/right-out for Hainesburg Road before crossing under the abandoned Lackawanna Cutoff. I-80 widens to six lanes and reaches a large interchange with the western terminus of US 46, Route 94, Decatur Street in Columbia, where development near the route increases. After this interchange, the freeway turns east away from the Delaware River and crosses over Paulins Kill before it continues through wooded and hilly areas containing some farms, with the eastbound direction widening from three to four lanes and the highway median widens. A scenic overlook of the Delaware Water Gap is located in the westbound direction while a rest area is located in the eastbound direction. Upon crossing into Blairstown Township, the eastbound direction narrows down to three lanes.
In Hope Township, I-80 reaches an interchange with CR 521 that provides access to CR 519 and the Land of Make Believe amusement park. The highway widens to eight lanes after this interchange before narrowing to six lanes. In Frelinghuysen Township, the freeway carries three lanes westbound. Upon coming into Allamuchy Township, I-80 has six lanes before gaining a fourth eastbound lane as it comes to the CR 517 exit; this exit gives the highway access to Allamuchy Mountain State Park. Following this, the road runs through densely forested areas of Allamuchy Mountain State Park, coming to two pairs of rest areas with no facilities in both directions; the eastbound direction becomes three lanes again before the road passes through Byram Township in Sussex County. Upon crossing the Musconetcong River, I-80 enters Mount Olive Township in Morris County and passes through more woodland with a narrower median; the road comes to a trumpet interchange with US 206 and forms a concurrency with that route as it bypasses Netcong to the south.
After turning southeast and passing near suburban business parks, the highway crosses over New Jersey Transit’s Morristown Line/Montclair-Boonton Line and reaches the US 46 partial interchange. This interchange has eastbound entrance; the freeway crosses a small corner of Netcong and Mount Olive Township again before continuing into Roxbury Township, where it comes to a modified cloverleaf interchange. At this interchange, Route 183 heads north into Netcong and US 206 splits from I-80 by heading south; the road continues through wooded areas containing some suburban development as it comes to the CR 631 interchange, which provides access to eastbound US 46. The road crosses the New Jersey Transit line again and parallels it a short distance to the north as it comes into Mount Arlington and reaches the Howard Boulevard exit. I-80 continues back into Roxbury Township and comes to a westbound truck rest area with the eastbound one being abandoned. After this, the road heads farther north of the railroad tracks and passes through Jefferson Township and Rockaway Township before continuing into Wharton.
Here, the freeway has an eastbound exit to CR 634 that provides access to Route 15 before it reaches the interchange with Route 15 proper that lacks an eastbound exit. The highway continues back into Rockaway Township as it widens to eight lanes and comes to the CR 661 exit near the Rockaway Townsquare shopping mall. Suburban development near the
Cross country running
Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass. Sometimes the runners are referred to as harriers; the course 4–12 kilometres long, may include surfaces of grass, earth, pass through woodlands and open country, include hills, flat ground and sometimes gravel road. It is both a team sport. Both men and women of all ages compete in cross country, which takes place during autumn and winter, can include weather conditions of rain, snow or hail, a wide range of temperatures. Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics, is a natural terrain version of long-distance track and road running. Although open-air running competitions are pre-historic, the rules and traditions of cross country racing emerged in Britain; the English championship became the first national competition in 1876 and the International Cross Country Championships was held for the first time in 1903. Since 1973 the foremost elite competition has been the IAAF World Cross Country Championships.
Cross country courses are laid out on an woodland area. The IAAF recommends that courses be grass-covered, have rolling terrain with frequent but smooth turns. Courses consist of one or more loops, with a long straight at the start and another leading to the finish line. Terrain can vary from open fields to forest hills and across rivers, it includes running down and up hills. Because of variations in conditions, international standardization of cross country courses is impossible, not desirable. Part of cross country running's appeal is the distinct characteristics of each venue's terrain and weather, as in other outdoor sports like motor racing and golf. According to the IAAF, an ideal cross country course has a loop of 1,750 to 2,000 metres laid out on an open or wooded land, it should be covered by grass, as much as possible, include rolling hills "with smooth curves and short straights". While it is acceptable for local conditions to make dirt or snow the primary surface, courses should minimize running on roads or other macadamized paths.
Parks and golf courses provide suitable locations. While a course may include natural or artificial obstacles, cross country courses support continuous running, do not require climbing over high barriers, through deep ditches, or fighting through the underbrush, as do military-style assault courses. A course at least 5 metres full allows competitors to pass others during the race. Clear markings keep competitors from making wrong turns, spectators from interfering with the competition. Markings may include tape or ribbon on both sides of the course, chalk or paint on the ground, or cones; some classes use colored flags to indicate directions: red flags for left turns, yellow flags for right turns, blue flags to continue straight or stay within ten feet of the flag. Courses commonly include distance markings at each kilometer or each mile; the course should have 400 to 1,200 m of level terrain before the first turn, to reduce contact and congestion at the start. However, many courses at smaller competitions have their first turn after a much shorter distance.
Courses for international competitions consist of a loop between 2000 meters. Athletes complete three to six loops, depending on the race. Senior men compete on a 12-kilometre course. Senior women and junior men compete on an 8-kilometre course. Junior women compete on a 6-kilometre course. In the United States, college men compete on 8 km or 10 km courses, while college women race for 5 km or 6 km. High school courses are 5 km. Middle school courses are 1.5 mi or 2 mi long. All runners start at the same time, from a starting arc marked with lines or boxes for each team or individual. An official, 50 meters or more in front of the starting line, fires a pistol to indicate the start. If runners collide and fall within the first 100 meters, officials can call the runners back and restart the race, however this is done only once. Crossing the line or starting before the starting pistol is fired is considered a false start and most results in disqualification of the runner; the course ends at a finish line located at the beginning of a funnel or chute that keeps athletes single-file in order of finish and facilitates accurate scoring.
Depending on the timing and scoring system, finish officials may collect a small slip from each runner's bib, to keep track of finishing positions. An alternative method is to have four officials in two pairs. In the first pair, one official reads out numbers of finishers and the other records them. In the second pair, one official reads out times for the other to record. At the end of the race, the two lists are joined along with information from the entry information; the primary disadvantage of this system is that distractions can upset the results when scores of runners finish close together. Chip timing has grown in popularity to increase accuracy and decrease the number of officials required at the finish line; each runner attaches a transponder with RFID to her shoe. When the runner crosses the finish line, an electronic pad records the chip number and matches the runner to a database. Chip timing allows officials to use checkpoint mats throughout the race to calculate split times, to ensure runners cover the entire course.
This is by far the most efficient method, although it is t