San Diego Padres
The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball team based in San Diego, California. The Padres compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. Founded in 1969, the Padres have won two NL pennants — in 1984 and 1998, losing in the World Series both years; as of 2018, they have had 14 winning seasons in franchise history. The Padres are one of two Major League Baseball teams in California to originate from that state; the Padres are the only major professional sports franchise to be located in San Diego, following the relocation of the Chargers to Los Angeles in 2017. The Padres are the only MLB team that does not share its city with another major league professional sports franchise; the Padres adopted their name from the Pacific Coast League team that arrived in San Diego in 1936. That minor league franchise won the PCL title in 1937, led by 18-year-old Ted Williams, the future Hall-of-Famer, a native of San Diego; the team's name, Spanish for "fathers", refers to the Spanish Franciscan friars who founded San Diego in 1769.
In 1969, the Padres joined the ranks of Major League Baseball as one of four new expansion teams, along with the Montreal Expos, the Kansas City Royals, the Seattle Pilots. Their original owner was C. Arnholt Smith, a prominent San Diego businessman and former owner of the PCL Padres whose interests included banking, tuna fishing, real estate and an airline. Despite initial excitement, the guidance of longtime baseball executives, Eddie Leishman and Buzzie Bavasi as well as a new playing field, the team struggled. One of the few bright spots on the team during the early years was first baseman and slugger Nate Colbert, an expansion draftee from the Houston Astros and still the Padres' career leader in home runs; the team's fortunes improved as they won five National League West titles and reached the World Series twice, in 1984 and in 1998, but lost both times. The Padres' main draw during the 1980s and 1990s was Tony Gwynn, who won eight league batting titles, they moved into their current stadium, Petco Park, in 2004.
As of 2019, the Padres are the only team in MLB yet to throw a no-hitter. The team has played its spring training games at the Peoria Sports Complex in Peoria, Arizona since 1994, they share the stadium with the Seattle Mariners. From 1969 to 1993, the Padres held spring training in Arizona at Desert Sun Stadium. Due to the short driving distance and direct highway route, Yuma was popular with Padres fans, many fans would travel by car from San Diego for spring training games; the move from Yuma to Peoria was controversial, but was defended by the team as a reflection on the low quality of facilities in Yuma and the long travel necessary to play against other Arizona-based spring training teams. Throughout the team's history, the San Diego Padres have used multiple logos and color combinations. One of their first patches depicts a friar swinging a bat with Padres written at the top while standing in a sun-like figure with San Diego Padres on the exterior of it; the "Swinging Friar" has popped up on the uniform on and off since although the head of the friar has been tweaked from the original in recent years, it is the mascot of the team.
In 1985, the Padres switched to using a script-like logo. That would become a script logo for the Padres; the team's colors remained this way through the 1990 season. In 1989, the Padres took the scripted Padres logo, used from 1985 to 1988 and put it in a tan ring that read "San Diego Baseball Club" with a striped center. In 1991, the logo was changed to a silver ring with the Padres script changed from brown to blue; the logo only lasted one year, as the Padres changed their logo for the third time in three years, again by switching colors of the ring. The logo became a white ring with fewer stripes in the center and a darker blue Padres script with orange shadows. In 1991, the team's colors were changed, to a combination of orange and navy blue. For the 2001 season, the Padres removed the stripes off their jerseys and went with a white home jersey with the Padres name on the front in navy blue; the pinstripe jerseys were worn as alternate jerseys on certain occasions throughout the 2001 season.
The Padres kept this color scheme and design for three seasons until their 2004 season, in which they moved into their new ballpark. The logo was changed when the team changed stadiums between the 2003 and 2004 seasons, with the new logo looking similar to home plate with San Diego written in sand font at the top right corner and the Padres new script written across the center. Waves finished the bottom of the plate. Navy remained; the team's colors were changed, to navy blue and sand brown. For the next seven seasons the Padres were the only team in Major League Baseball that did not have a gray jersey, with the team playing in either blue or sand jerseys on the road and white or blue jerseys at home. In 2011, the San Diego was removed from the top right corner of the logo and the away uniform changed from
Jon Singleton (baseball)
Jonathan Lee Singleton is an American professional baseball first baseman, a free agent. He played in Major League Baseball for the Houston Astros in 2014 and 2015. After growing up in Long Beach, Singleton was drafted by the Philadelphia Phillies in 2009, he was one of several prospects traded to the Astros in exchange for Hunter Pence in 2011. He signed a $10 million contract with the Astros before making his major league debut in 2014, but he struggled, last playing for the Astros in 2015 before they relegated him to the minor leagues and releasing him in 2018. Singleton played baseball at Millikan High School in California, he committed to play at California State University, Long Beach a few months before the 2009 Major League Baseball Draft. The Philadelphia Phillies selected Singleton in the eighth round of the 2009 MLB Draft, he had been projected for selection as high as the second round of the draft, but his senior year statistics caused him to fall a few rounds. Singleton reported to the Gulf Coast League Phillies, where he played 31 minor league games that year.
He spent 2010 with the Class A Lakewood BlueClaws, where he hit for a.290 batting average, 14 home runs and 77 runs batted in. Prior to the 2011 season, Singleton was considered the Phillies' second best prospect by Baseball America. On July 29, 2011, the Phillies traded Singleton, Jarred Cosart, Josh Zeid, Domingo Santana to the Houston Astros in exchange for Hunter Pence. Baseball America designated Singleton as Houston's top prospect following the 2011 season, he was named to appear in the 2012 All-Star Futures Game. Singleton tested positive for marijuana in June 2012, he competed in the Arizona Fall League that offseason, had a second positive test for marijuana in December. On January 9, 2013, Singleton was suspended for 50 games due to his second failed drug test. Singleton said that he had grown up around friends who used the drug and that he had been using it "on and off" since he was 14 years old, he spent a month in a rehabilitation center after the second failed test. Following the 2013 season, the Astros added Singleton to their 40 man roster.
On June 2, 2014, the Astros signed Singleton to a 5-year contract that guaranteed him $10 million, could have been worth as much as $35 million. The extension was the first to be signed by a drafted player with no major league experience. Singleton was promoted from the Oklahoma City RedHawks of the Class AAA Pacific Coast League to make his major league debut on June 3. Singleton made his major league debut for the Astros on June 3, 2014 against the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. In his first game, he went 1–3 with a home run, 2 RBI's, a walk, two strikeouts, his first home run, a solo home run, was off of Matt Shoemaker. On June 8, Singleton lined his first career grand slam off of Glen Perkins of the Minnesota Twins at Target Field to help the Astros to a 14–5 win. Teammates Dexter Fowler, Chris Carter, George Springer homered. On August 2, 2014, Singleton hit an Inside-the-park home run against the Toronto Blue Jays, it was ruled an out by the home plate umpire, but was reversed following a challenge by Astros manager Bo Porter.
The Astros optioned Singleton to the Fresno Grizzlies of the PCL to start the 2015 season. On May 13, 2015, Singleton recorded 10 RBIs, including two-run home run, his 10 RBIs was one short of the modern day PCL record. Singleton had 22 RBI in a five-day span, including 18 in Fresno's four game series in Albuquerque from May 12–15, which included two grand slams. On November 19, 2016, Singleton was placed on outright waivers by the Astros, he was assigned to Fresno. He played the 2017 season with the Corpus Christi Hooks of the Class AA Texas League, led all minor leaguers with 500 or more plate appearances with a walk percentage of 26.4%. On May 21, 2018, he was released by the organization while serving a 100 game suspension in the final year of his contract. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Jon Singleton on Twitter
In baseball, the field manager is the equivalent of a head coach, responsible for overseeing and making final decisions on all aspects of on-field team strategy, lineup selection and instruction. Managers are assisted by a staff of assistant coaches whose responsibilities are specialized. Field managers are not involved in off-field personnel decisions or long-term club planning, responsibilities that are instead held by a team's general manager; the manager chooses the batting order and starting pitcher before each game, makes substitutions throughout the game – among the most significant being those decisions regarding when to bring in a relief pitcher. How much control a manager takes in a game's strategy varies from manager to manager and from game to game; some managers control pitch selection, defensive positioning, decisions to bunt, pitch out, etc. while others designate an assistant coach or a player to make some or all of these decisions. Some managers choose to act as their team's first base or third base coach while their team is batting in order to more communicate with baserunners, but most managers delegate this responsibility to an assistant.
Managers are assisted by two or more coaches. In many cases, a manager is a former professional, college player. A high proportion of current and former managers played the central position of catcher during their playing days, including Yogi Berra, Bruce Bochy, Joe Girardi, Mike Scioscia, Joe Torre, Ned Yost; the manager's responsibilities are limited to in-game decisions, with off-field roster management and personnel decisions falling to the team's general manager. The term manager used without qualification always refers to the field manager, while the general manager is called the GM; this usage dates back to the early days of professional baseball when it was common practice for teams to have just one "manager" on their staff, where GM duties were performed either by the field manager or by the owner of the team. Some owners carried out both GM and field managerial duties themselves. Major League Baseball managers differ from the head coaches of most other professional sports in that they dress in the same uniform as the players and are assigned a jersey number.
The wearing of a matching uniform is practiced at other levels of play, as well. The manager may be called "skipper" or "skip" informally by his players. List of Major League Baseball managers List of Major League Baseball managers by wins List of Major League Baseball player–managers Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award This Year in Baseball Awards Sporting News Manager of the Decade Honor Rolls of Baseball American Baseball Coaches Association
In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the pitcher is assigned the number 1; the pitcher is considered the most important player on the defensive side of the game, as such is situated at the right end of the defensive spectrum. There are many different types of pitchers, such as the starting pitcher, relief pitcher, middle reliever, lefty specialist, setup man, the closer. Traditionally, the pitcher bats. Starting in 1973 with the American League and spreading to further leagues throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the hitting duties of the pitcher have been given over to the position of designated hitter, a cause of some controversy; the National League in Major League Baseball and the Japanese Central League are among the remaining leagues that have not adopted the designated hitter position.
In most cases, the objective of the pitcher is to deliver the pitch to the catcher without allowing the batter to hit the ball with the bat. A successful pitch is delivered in such a way that the batter either allows the pitch to pass through the strike zone, swings the bat at the ball and misses it, or hits the ball poorly. If the batter elects not to swing at the pitch, it is called a strike if any part of the ball passes through the strike zone and a ball when no part of the ball passes through the strike zone. A check swing is when the batter begins to swing, but stops the swing short. If the batter checks the swing and the pitch is out of the strike zone, it is called a ball. There are the windup and the set position or stretch. Either position may be used at any time; each position has certain procedures. A balk can be called on a pitcher from either position. A power pitcher is one. Power pitchers record a high percentage of strikeouts. A control pitcher thus records few walks. Nearly all action during a game is centered on the pitcher for the defensive team.
A pitcher's particular style, time taken between pitches, skill influence the dynamics of the game and can determine the victor. Starting with the pivot foot on the pitcher's rubber at the center of the pitcher's mound, 60 feet 6 inches from home plate, the pitcher throws the baseball to the catcher, positioned behind home plate and catches the ball. Meanwhile, a batter stands in the batter's box at one side of the plate, attempts to bat the ball safely into fair play; the type and sequence of pitches chosen depend upon the particular situation in a game. Because pitchers and catchers must coordinate each pitch, a system of hand signals is used by the catcher to communicate choices to the pitcher, who either vetoes or accepts by shaking his head or nodding; the relationship between pitcher and catcher is so important that some teams select the starting catcher for a particular game based on the starting pitcher. Together, the pitcher and catcher are known as the battery. Although the object and mechanics of pitching remain the same, pitchers may be classified according to their roles and effectiveness.
The starting pitcher begins the game, he may be followed by various relief pitchers, such as the long reliever, the left-handed specialist, the middle reliever, the setup man, and/or the closer. In Major League Baseball, every team uses Baseball Rubbing Mud to rub game balls in before their pitchers use them in games. A skilled pitcher throws a variety of different pitches to prevent the batter from hitting the ball well; the most basic pitch is a fastball. Some pitchers are able to throw a fastball at a speed over 100 miles per ex. Aroldis Chapman. Other common types of pitches are the curveball, changeup, sinker, forkball, split-fingered fastball and knuckleball; these are intended to have unusual movement or to deceive the batter as to the rotation or velocity of the ball, making it more difficult to hit. Few pitchers throw all of these pitches, but most use a subset or blend of the basic types; some pitchers release pitches from different arm angles, making it harder for the batter to pick up the flight of the ball.
A pitcher, throwing well on a particular day is said to have brought his "good stuff." There are a number of distinct throwing styles used by pitchers. The most common style is a three-quarters delivery in which the pitcher's arm snaps downward with the release of the ball; some pitchers use a sidearm delivery. Some pitchers use a submarine style in which the pitcher's body tilts downward on delivery, creating an exaggerated sidearm motion in which the pitcher's knuckles come close to the mound. Effective pitching is vitally important in baseball. In baseball statistics, for each game, one pitcher will be credited with winning the game, one pitcher will be charged with losing it; this is not the starting pitchers for each team, however, as a reliever can get a win and the starter would get a no-decision. Pitching is physically demanding if the pitcher is throwing with maximum effort. A full game involves 120–170 pitches thrown by each team, most pitchers begin to tire before they re
College baseball is baseball, played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of higher education. In comparison to football and basketball, college competition in the United States plays a smaller role in developing professional players, as baseball's professional minor leagues are more extensive, with a greater history of supplying players to the top professional league. Moving directly from high school to the professional level is more common in baseball than in football or basketball. However, if players do opt to enroll at a four-year college to play baseball, they must complete three years to regain professional eligibility, unless they reach age 21 before starting their third year of college. Players who enroll at junior colleges regain eligibility after one year at that level. In the most completed 2017 season, there were 298 NCAA Division I teams in the United States; as with most other U. S. intercollegiate sports, competitive college baseball is played under the auspices of either the NCAA or the NAIA.
The NCAA writes the rules of play. The final rounds of the NCAA tournaments are known as the College World Series; the College World Series for Division I takes place in Omaha, Nebraska in June, following the regular season. The playoff bracket for Division I consists of 64 teams, with four teams playing at each of 16 regional sites; the 16 winners advance to the Super Regionals at eight sites, played head-to-head in a best-of-three series. The eight winners advance to the College World Series, a double elimination tournament to determine the two national finalists; the finalists play a best-of-three series to determine the Division I national champion. The most recent College World Series winner is Oregon State; the first intercollegiate baseball game took place in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on July 1, 1859, between squads representing Amherst College and Williams College. Amherst won, 73–32; this game was one of the last played under an earlier version of the game known as "Massachusetts rules", which prevailed in New England until the "Knickerbocker Rules" developed in the 1840s became accepted.
The first nine-man team college baseball game under the Knickerbocker Rules still in use today was played in New York on November 3, 1859 between the Fordham Rose Hill Baseball Club of St. John's College against The College of St. Francis Xavier, now known as Xavier High School. Traditionally, college baseball has been played in the early part of the year, with a short schedule and during a time when cold weather hinders the ability for games to be played in the northern and midwestern parts of the U. S; these and other factors have led colleges and universities across the nation to consider baseball a minor sport, both in scholarships as well as money and other points of emphasis. College baseball has grown phenomenally in popularity since the 1980s, as coaches and athletic directors in warm-weather regions of the nation began to recognize the unrealized potential appeal of the sport; these coaches went out and aggressively recruited the sport to potential athletes, as well as made various upgrades to their programs.
As these efforts resulted in better players and overall programs, more television and print media coverage began to emerge. The ESPN family of networks increased television coverage of the NCAA playoffs and the College World Series since 2003. Soon, in many warm-weather regions, baseball came to be considered a major sport, approaching the level of football and basketball, and non-warm weather schools started to recognize baseball's potential and began to put more emphasis on it. Nebraska, Notre Dame, Oregon State are three notable examples of cold weather schools with successful programs; the first two made the College World Series when warm-weather schools placed major emphasis on baseball as well as had the advantage of playing earlier and more games because of favorable climates. Oregon State won back-to-back national championships in 2006 and 2007. Many credit the Beavers' success as a primary factor in the University of Oregon's decision to revive baseball in 2009. Before the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome was demolished in early 2014, Minnesota took advantage of it to play the majority of their games, including hosting a prestigious preseason tournament.
With the 2010 departure of the MLB Minnesota Twins for the new Target Field, the school hoped to use the Metrodome for future Big Ten tournaments and bids on the NCAA tournament. Along with that, many smaller conferences played games at the Metrodome during February in order to keep up with schools in warm-weather locations. While the Metrodome's replacement, U. S. Bank Stadium, was designed for the NFL's Minnesota Vikings, it has movable seating banks that allow it to be configured for baseball. For 2008 and succeeding seasons, the NCAA mandated the first start date for Division I baseball, thirteen weeks before the selection of the NCAA tournament field, which takes place on Memorial Day; the rules of college baseball are similar to the Official Baseball Rules. Exceptions include the following: The bat may be made of wood, or a composite material that meets NCAA stan
Matt Dominguez (baseball)
Matthew Scott Dominguez is an American professional baseball third baseman, a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball for the Florida Marlins, Houston Astros, Toronto Blue Jays and in Nippon Professional Baseball for the Chiba Lotte Marines. Dominguez was born in California, to Fernando and Cindy Dominguez, his father is a Los Angeles Times copy editor. He was drafted out of Chatsworth High School by the Marlins with the 12th overall pick in the 2007 Major League Baseball draft. Dominguez was assigned to the Rookie level Gulf Coast League Marlins after the draft. After 5 games, he was promoted to the Short Season-A Jamestown Jammers for the remainder of the season, he batted.158 with 1 home run and 6 RBI in 15 total games in 2007. Dominguez played the entire 2008 season with the Class-A Greensboro Grasshoppers, in 88 games played, hit.296 with 18 home runs and 70 RBI. He split the 2009 season with Double-A Jacksonville Suns. In 134 total games played, Dominguez hit.247 with 13 home runs and 62 RBI.
He was named a mid-season All-Star for Jupiter. In the offseason, Dominguez would play with the Mesa Solar Sox of the Arizona Fall League, despite hitting only.188 in 12 games, was named a Rising Star by the AFL. In 2010, Dominguez was assigned to Jacksonville for the entire season, he participated in the Double-A All-Star game that season, was named the game's Top Star. In 138 games played, he hit.252 with 14 home runs and 81 RBI. He was named a post-season All-Star, an MiLB.com Organization All-Star for the Marlins. Dominguez battled injuries in the 2011 season, playing in 87 games for the Triple-A New Orleans Zephyrs, but making rehab appearances for Jupiter and Jacksonville. Dominguez would hit.249 in 2011, along with 12 home runs and 58 RBI, before being called up by the Marlins for the first time in his career. In the offseason, he played in 21 games for the Surprise Saguaros in the AFL, batting.226 with 4 home runs and 19 RBI, was again named an AFL Rising Star. Dominguez was called up to the majors for the first time on September 6, 2011.
He made his debut as a pinch hitter that day against the New York Mets. The next day, He got his first major league hit off of Mets' pitcher R. A. Dickey. Dominguez began the 2012 season in Triple-A New Orleans, hit.234 in 78 games. He was traded, along with Rob Rasmussen, to the Houston Astros for Carlos Lee on July 4, 2012, he played the next day against the Pittsburgh Pirates and went 0-2. On July 9, Dominguez was sent to the Triple-A Oklahoma City RedHawks, after playing 4 games with the Astros, he hit two home runs in a game against the Texas Rangers. He made the Astros' major league roster in 2013 and 2014, but was sent down to the minors before the start of the 2015 season, losing his starting spot to Luis Valbuena, acquired by the Astros in January. In 2013, he hit for a.241 batting average, along with 21 home runs, 77 runs batted in. The next season, he slumped to a.215 average, 16 home runs, 57 RBIs. He was designated for assignment on June 8, 2015. Dominguez was claimed off waivers by the Milwaukee Brewers on June 16, 2015, was assigned to Triple-A Colorado Springs Sky Sox.
In 72 games played for the Sky Sox in 2015, he hit.281 with 6 home runs and 30 RBI, won an MiLB Gold Glove. On September 6, 2015, Dominguez was claimed by the Toronto Blue Jays, optioned to the Triple-A Buffalo Bisons. Dominguez attended 2016 Major League spring training, was optioned to the Bisons on March 18, 2016, he was recalled by the Blue Jays on April 26, started at third base against the Chicago White Sox that night. Following a 3–1 victory over the Texas Rangers on May 3, Dominguez was optioned back to Triple-A Buffalo. On June 5, he was recalled by the Blue Jays. Dominguez was placed on optional waivers on June 7. On September 2, Dominguez was designated for assignment to make room for Matt Dermody. Dominguez appeared in five games for the Blue Jays in 2016. On December 13, 2016, Dominguez signed a minor league contract with the Boston Red Sox that included an invitation to spring training, he elected free agency on November 6, 2017, signed with the Chiba Lotte Marines of Nippon Professional Baseball on December 23.
Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference
The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas. The Astros compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division, having moved to the division in 2013 after spending their first 51 seasons in the National League; the Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000. The Astros were established as the Houston Colt.45s and entered the National League as an expansion team in 1962 along with the New York Mets. The current name—reflecting Houston's role as the control center of the U. S. crewed space program—was adopted three years when they moved into the Astrodome, the first domed sports stadium. The Astros played in the NL from 1962 to 2012, first in the West Division from 1969 to 1993, followed by the Central Division from 1994 to 2012; the team was reclassified to the AL West from 2013 onward. While a member of the NL, the Astros played in one World Series in 2005, losing in four games to the Chicago White Sox.
In 2017, they became the first franchise in MLB history to have won a pennant in both the NL and the AL, when they defeated the New York Yankees in the ALCS. They won the 2017 World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, winning four games to three, earning the team, the state of Texas, its first World Series title. From 1888 until 1961, Houston's professional baseball club was the minor league Houston Buffaloes. Although expansion from the National League brought an MLB team to Texas in 1962, Houston officials had been making efforts to do so for years prior. There were four men chiefly responsible for bringing Major League Baseball to Houston: George Kirksey and Craig Cullinan, who had led a futile attempt to purchase the St. Louis Cardinals in 1952. E. "Bob" Smith, a prominent oilman and real estate magnate in Houston, brought in for his financial resources. They formed the Houston Sports Association as their vehicle for attaining a big league franchise for the city of Houston. Given MLB's refusal to consider expansion, Cullinan and Hofheinz joined forces with would-be owners from other cities and announced the formation of a new league to compete with the established National and American Leagues.
They called the new league the Continental League. Wanting to protect potential new markets, both existing leagues chose to expand from eight teams to ten. However, plans fell through for the Houston franchise after the Houston Buffaloes owner, Marty Marion, could not come to an agreement with the HSA to sell the team. To make matters worse, the Continental League as a whole folded in August 1960. However, on October 17, 1960, the National League granted an expansion franchise to the Houston Sports Association in which their team could begin play in the 1962 season. According to the Major League Baseball Constitution, the Houston Sports Association was required to obtain territorial rights from the Houston Buffaloes in order to play in the Houston area, again negotiations began to purchase the team; the Houston Sports Association succeeded in purchasing the Houston Buffaloes, at this point majority-owned by William Hopkins, on January 17, 1961. The Buffs played one last minor league season as the top farm team of the Chicago Cubs in 1961 before being succeeded by the city's NL club.
The new Houston team was named the Colt.45s after a "Name The Team" contest was won by William Irving Neder. The Colt.45 was well known as "the gun that won the west." The colors selected were orange. The first team was formed through an expansion draft after the 1961 season; the Colt.45s and their expansion cousins, the New York Mets, took turns choosing players left unprotected by the other National League franchises. Many of those associated with the Houston Buffaloes organization were allowed by the ownership to continue in the major league. Manager Harry Craft, who had joined Houston in 1961, remained in the same position for the team until the end of the 1964 season. General manager Spec Richardson continued with the organization as business manager, but was promoted again to the same position with the Astros from 1967 until 1975. Although most players for the major league franchise were obtained through the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, Buffs players J. C. Hartman, Pidge Browne, Jim Campbell, Ron Davis, Dave Giusti, Dave Roberts were chosen to continue as major league ball players.
The radio broadcasting team remained with the new Houston major league franchise. Loel Passe worked alongside Gene Elston as a color commentator until he retired from broadcasting in 1976. Elston continued with the Astros until 1986; the Colt.45s began their existence playing at Colt Stadium, a temporary venue built just north of the construction site of the indoor stadium. The Colt.45s started their inaugural season on April 10, 1962, against the Chicago Cubs with Harry Craft as the Colt.45s' manager. Bob Aspromonte scored, they started the season with a three-game sweep of the Cubs but finished eighth among the National League's ten teams. The team's best pitcher, Richard "Turk" Farrell, lost 20 games despite an ERA of 3.02. A starter for the Colt.45s, Farrell was a relief pitcher prior to playing for Houston. He was selected to both All-Star Games in 1962; the 1963 season saw more young talent mixed with seasoned veterans. Jimmy Wynn, Rusty Staub, Joe Morgan all made their major league debuts in the 1963 season.
However, Houston's position in the standings did not improve, as the Colt.45s finished in ninth place with a 66–96 record. The t