Whiz Kids (baseball)
The Whiz Kids were the baseball team of the 1950 Philadelphia Phillies in Major League Baseball. This team, averaging only 26.4 years of age, after owner R. R. M. Carpenter, Jr. The final series of the season was against Brooklyn, and the game pitted the Opening Day starting pitchers, right-handers Robin Roberts and Don Newcombe. The Phillies defeated the Dodgers in extra innings in the game of the season on a three-run home run by Dick Sisler in the top of the tenth inning. In the World Series which followed, the Whiz Kids were swept by the New York Yankees, the Phillies last appearance in the World Series was in 1915, which had been the franchises only foray into the postseason to date. In that series, they were defeated by the Boston Red Sox, from 1933 to 1948, the Phillies posted 16 consecutive losing seasons, a major league record that stood until 2009. Ben Chapman, who managed the Phillies from 1945 to 1948, bemoaned the loss of general manager Herb Pennock, Bob Carpenter, the new owner of the team, replaced Chapman after his comments to media sources that Pennock needed to be replaced with another strong baseball man.
The new manager, Eddie Sawyer, arrived in the 1948 season, carpenters team-building approach was built on provision of ample bonuses for players. Signing bonuses for the players on the 1950 squad ranged from $3,000 to $65,000, the Dodgers, had appeared in the 1947 and 1949 World Series, losing to the New York Yankees in both. The Phillies opened the season with a 9–1 defeat of the Dodgers on April 18, the starters in the game were Robin Roberts for Philadelphia and Don Newcombe, Brooklyns 17-game winner from the prior season. Three games in New York against the Giants and the Dodgers did not improve the teams record, two doubleheaders against New York and Brooklyn resulted in three losses to finish the month. In the middle months of the season, the Whiz Kids played strongly, notching winning records of 14–11 in June and 21–13 in July. Early in July, the Phillies put together a winning streak against the two National League teams from New York, sweeping the Giants in a two-game set and taking two of three from Brooklyn.
The 1950 All-Star Game was played on July 11, with four Phillies selected to the roster, willie Jones started at third base and led off the game, while Roberts was selected as the starting pitcher. Konstanty and Dick Sisler were named to the team as out of the bullpen and in the outfield. The Phillies played twelve doubleheaders in June and July, including three sets on consecutive game days, August was the Whiz Kids strongest month, with a 20–8 record and a.714 winning percentage. During August and September, the Phillies put together two winning streaks and a four-game winning streak as well. By September 20, the Phillies had a seven-and-a-half game lead over Boston, injuries began to mount, and with injuries came losses—of players and of games
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests. The Halls motto is Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations, the word Cooperstown is often used as shorthand for the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. The Hall of Fame was established in 1939 by Stephen Carlton Clark, Clark had sought to bring tourists to a city hurt by the Great Depression, which reduced the local tourist trade, and Prohibition, which devastated the local hops industry. A new building was constructed, and the Hall of Fame was dedicated on June 12,1939, the erroneous claim that U. S. Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown was instrumental in the early marketing of the Hall. An expanded library and research facility opened in 1994, dale Petroskey became the organizations president in 1999. In 2002, the Hall launched Baseball As America, an exhibit that toured ten American museums over six years.
The Hall of Fame has since sponsored educational programming on the Internet to bring the Hall of Fame to schoolchildren who might not visit, the Hall and Museum completed a series of renovations in spring 2005. The Hall of Fame presents an annual exhibit at FanFest at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, Jeff Idelson replaced Petroskey as president on April 16,2008. In 2012, Congress passed and President Barack Obama signed a law ordering the United States Mint to produce and sell commemorative, non-circulating coins to benefit the private, non-profit Hall. The bill, House Bill H. R.2527, was introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Rep. Richard Hanna, a Republican from New York, the coins, which depict baseball gloves and balls, are the first concave designs produced by the Mint. The mintage included 50,000 gold coins,400,000 silver coins, the Mint released them on March 27,2014, and the gold and silver editions quickly sold out. The Hall receives money from surcharges included in the sale price,114 members of the Hall of Fame have been inducted posthumously, including four who died after their selection was announced.
Of the 35 Negro league members,29 were inducted posthumously, the Hall of Fame includes one female member, Effa Manley. The newest inductees, enshrined on July 24,2016, are players Mike Piazza, the incoming class of 2017, to be formally enshrined on July 30, consists of executives John Schuerholz and Bud Selig and players Jeff Bagwell, Tim Raines, and Iván Rodríguez. In addition to honoring Hall of Fame inductees, the National Baseball Hall of Fame has presented 40 men with the Ford C, while Frick and Spink Award honorees are not members of the Hall of Fame, they are recognized in an exhibit in the Hall of Fames library. ONeil Award honorees are not Hall of Fame members, but are listed alongside a permanent statue of the namesake and first recipient, Buck ONeil. From a final ballot typically including 25–40 candidates, each writer may vote for up to 10 players, until the late 1950s, any player named on 75% or more of all ballots cast is elected. A player who is named on fewer than 5% of ballots is dropped from future elections, players receiving 5% or more of the votes but fewer than 75% are reconsidered annually until a maximum of ten years of eligibility
1950 World Series
The 1950 World Series was the 47th World Series between the American and National Leagues for the championship of Major League Baseball. The Philadelphia Phillies as 1950 champions of the National League and the New York Yankees, as 1950 American League champions, the Series began on Wednesday, October 4, and concluded Saturday, October 7. The Phillies had home advantage for the Series, meaning no more than three games would be played at the Yankees home ballpark, Yankee Stadium. The Yankees won their 13th championship in their 48-year history, taking the Series in a four-game sweep, the final game in the Series resulted in the New York Yankees winning, 5–2 over Philadelphia. It was the game in the Series decided by more than one run. The 1950 World Series title would be the second of a record five titles for the New York Yankees. The two teams would not again meet in the Series for 59 years and this was the last all-white World Series as neither club had integrated in 1950. They would eventually sell on the rights to NBC, beginning a relationship with the sport.
But writing in the New York Times on October 3,1950, John Drebinger picked the Yankees to win the Series in five games and they have the long range power. They posses rare defensive skill, and they have the poise, odds makers made the Yankees 2–5 favorites to win the Series. Curt Simmons, a 17-game winner for the Phillies in 1950, had called to military duty in September and was unavailable for this Series. Simmons was stationed at Camp Atterbury and requested and was granted a leave on October 4 to attend the Series, the Phillies chose not to request that Commissioner Chandler rule Simmons eligible for the Series but Simmons chose to attend to support the team. Simmons place on the Series roster was taken by pitcher Jocko Thompson, Phillies ace Robin Roberts didnt start Game 1 because he had had three starts in five days including the pennant winner on the final day of the regular season—played October 1,1950. This marked the third year that the World Series opened with a 1–0 game. Gene Woodling drove in Jerry Coleman for a Yankee run in the second and this set the stage for Joe DiMaggio, leading off the tenth inning for the Yankees.
With one swing, DiMaggio smashed a home run to left field to provide the difference in a 2–1 extra-inning win for the Yankees as the Series shifted to New York, DiMaggio had a hand in holding the Phillies at bay long enough to get his key at-bat. This play is far less well-known but was similar-looking to the famous Willie Mays catch in the 1954 World Series, DiMaggio made this play on the road, although in a ballpark which he played in during the regular season. Because there was nobody on when the ball was hit, he was not in a hurry to get the back to the infield
Citizens Bank Park
Citizens Bank Park is a baseball park located in Philadelphia, within the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. It is the home of the Philadelphia Phillies, the citys Major League Baseball franchise and it is commonly referred to by locals simply as The Bank or CBP. Citizens Bank Park opened on April 3,2004, and hosted its first regular season game on April 12 of the same year, with the Phillies losing to the Cincinnati Reds. The ballpark lies on the northeast corner of the Sports Complex, which includes Lincoln Financial Field, Wells Fargo Center, the stadiums capacity is 43,651 seats. Pressure for new Philadelphia stadiums increased after a railing collapsed at The Vet during the 1998 Army–Navy Game, the Pirates threatened to leave Pittsburgh in 1997, which helped convince the legislature to approve funding for the four proposed stadiums. The Eagles agreed to a site slightly southeast of Veterans Stadium, the Eagles stadium was built on the site of an old food warehouse and celebrated its grand opening in August 2003.
The Phillies originally wanted a downtown ballpark similar to Baltimore, Cincinnati, Detroit, various locations were proposed, initially at Broad and Spring Garden streets, Spring Garden and Delaware Avenue and next to 30th Street Station, where the main post office was located. The team and the city announced that the site would be at 13th and Vine streets, just north of Interstate 676, there was considerable support for a downtown ball park from business and labor and the city at large, but residents of the citys Chinatown section protested. The City and team eventually settled on building at the South Philadelphia Sports Complex, in the years that followed, residents and owner Bill Giles expressed regret that the new ball park was not located in Center City. Regardless of location, the team set records in 2010 for attendance and sellouts, the new stadium was designed by EwingColes Stanley Cole, who was the stadiums chief architect. The unveiling of the park and ground breaking ceremonies were on June 28,2001, following the game that evening, the location of the left-field foul pole was unveiled at the outset of the teams annual 4 July fireworks display.
On June 17,2003, Citizens Bank agreed with the team to a 25-year, US $95 million deal for naming rights and advertising on telecasts, radio broadcasts, the ballpark was officially topped off on August 12,2003, and opened in April 2004. Shortly after the park opened in 2004, the bullpens were reassigned so the Phillies pitchers used the lower pen and this was done to give Phillies pitchers a better view of the game and to protect them from heckling by rowdy fans. However, the team forgot to rewire the bullpen phones after the bullpens were reassigned, so during the first game, in its first years, Citizens Bank Park allowed 218 home runs in 2004 and 201 in 2005. More than half of home runs were to left-field. Following the 2005 season, the wall was moved back 5 feet. Even with these modifications, the park has a reputation as one of the most hitter-friendly parks in baseball. In 2009, it gave up 149 home runs, the most in the National League and second in the majors behind only the new Yankee Stadium, but has been neutral since, with a.997 park factor in 2011
Dusty Baker Jr. is an American Major League Baseball manager and a former player. He is currently the manager for the Washington Nationals and he enjoyed a 19-year career as a hard-hitting outfielder, primarily with the Atlanta Braves and Los Angeles Dodgers. He helped the Dodgers to pennants in 1977 and 1978 and to the World Series championship in 1981 and he enjoyed a 20-year career as a manager with the San Francisco Giants, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, and now the Washington Nationals. He led the Giants to the 2002 National League pennant and reached the playoffs with the three teams. Baker was drafted by the Atlanta Braves in the 1967 amateur draft out of Del Campo High School near Sacramento, Baker was inducted into the Sac-Joaquin Sections Hall of Fame class in 2010 for his play at Del Campo. He began his major league career as an outfielder for the Braves in 1968. As a Brave, he earned a spot as a footnote in history, on April 8,1974, he was on deck when Hank Aaron hit home run 715 to pass Babe Ruth in career home runs.
A few of Bakers accomplishments as a player playing for the National League All-Star team in 1981 and 1982. Baker ultimately won a World Series title in 1981 with the Dodgers, Baker played poorly during the series, batting.167 with an OBP of.192.278 batting average,242 home runs, and 1,013 runs batted in. He played his season in 1986. It was the last day of the season, and Dodgers leftfielder Dusty Baker had just gone deep off the Astros J. R. Richard. It was Bakers 30th home run, making the Dodgers the first team in history to have four sluggers – Baker, Ron Cey, Steve Garvey and it was a wild, triumphant moment and a good omen as the Dodgers headed to the playoffs. Burke, waiting on deck, thrust his hand enthusiastically over his head to greet his friend at the plate, not knowing what to do, smacked it. His hand was up in the air, and he was arching way back, says Baker, now 62, so I reached up and hit his hand. It seemed like the thing to do and he is noted for his love of toothpicks. He chews them every game and was quoted saying, Toothpicks are an excellent source of protein.
His Giants went on to win titles in 1997 and again in 2000. It was during his San Francisco tenure that the term Dustiny was coined by former Giants pitcher Rod Beck, Baker is infamously known for removing Russ Ortiz during Game 6 of the 2002 World Series despite Ortiz allowing only four hits
Ronald Charles Cey is an American former professional baseball player, a third baseman in the major leagues. He played for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Chicago Cubs, Cey batted and threw right-handed, a popular player, he was nicknamed The Penguin for his slow waddling running gait by his college coach, Chuck Bobo Brayton. Born and raised in Tacoma, Cey was an athlete at Mount Tahoma High School. Following graduation in 1966, he attended Washington State University in Pullman and was a member of Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Cey played two years of baseball for the Cougars, on the freshman team in 1967. He was selected in the phase of the 1968 MLB draft in June. With the Dodgers, third baseman Cey was part of an All-Star infield that included Steve Garvey, Davey Lopes and this quartet was the most enduring infield in baseball history. The four infielders stayed together as the Dodgers starters for eight, Cey was one of the most productive and adept-fielding National League third basemen in the 1970s, but was overshadowed by Pete Rose and Mike Schmidt.
In 1977, he was named NL Player of the Month in April after helping the Dodgers to a fast start by batting.425 with 9 home runs, the Dodgers won the Western Division title that season on their way to the National League pennant. Cey continued to have productive seasons with the Dodgers, helping them to pennants in 1978 and 1981. After the 1982 season, the Dodgers traded Cey to the Chicago Cubs for two minor leaguers so that Pedro Guerrero could move to base and rookie Mike Marshall could get in the Dodgers outfield. Cey spent the year of his career in 1987 as a part-time player with the Oakland As. In a 17-season career, Cey was a.261 hitter with 316 home runs and 1139 RBI in 2073 games, Cey was named co-MVP along with Steve Yeager and Pedro Guerrero, and won the annual Babe Ruth Award. He is still a part of the Dodgers organization and continues to make appearances on the teams behalf
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball franchise based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are the oldest continuous, one-name, one-city franchise in all of professional American sports, the Phillies compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division. Since 2004, the home has been Citizens Bank Park. The Phillies have won two World Series championships and seven National League pennants, the first of which came in 1915, the franchise has experienced long periods of struggle. The 77 season drought is the fourth longest World Series drought in Major League Baseball history, the longevity of the franchise and its history of adversity have earned it the dubious distinction of having lost the most games of any team in the history of American professional sports. Despite the teams lack of success historically, they are one of the more successful franchises since the start of the Divisional Era in Major League Baseball. The Phillies have won their division 11 times, which ranks 6th among all teams and 4th in the National League, the franchise was founded in Philadelphia in 1883, replacing the team from Worcester, Massachusetts in the National League.
The teams spring training facilities are located in Clearwater and its Double-A affiliate is the Reading Fightin Phils, which plays in Reading and its Triple-A affiliate is the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, which plays in Allentown, Pennsylvania. After being founded in 1883 as the Quakers, the changed its name to the Philadelphias. This was soon shortened to Phillies, Quakers continued to be used interchangeably with Phillies from 1883 until 1890, when the team officially became known as the Phillies. Player defections to the newly formed American League, especially to the cross-town Philadelphia Athletics, poor fiscal management after their appearance in the 1915 World Series, doomed the Phillies to sink back into relative obscurity, from 1918 to 1948 they only had one winning season. Though Chuck Klein won the Most Valuable Player Award in 1932 and the National League Triple Crown in 1933, after lumber baron William B. Cox purchased the team in 1943, the Phillies rose out of the standings cellar for the first time in five years.
As a result, the fan base and attendance at home games increased, but it soon became clear that not all was right in Coxs front office. Eventually Cox revealed that he had been betting on the Phillies, the new owner, Bob Carpenter, Jr. scion of the Delaware-based DuPont family, tried to polish the teams image by unofficially changing its name to the Bluejays. However, the new moniker did not take, and it was dropped by 1949. This led to the advent of the Whiz Kids, led by a lineup of players developed by the Phillies farm system that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburn. In contrast, the Philadelphia Athletics finished last in 1950 and long-time manager Connie Mack retired, the team struggled on for four more years with only one winning season before abandoning Philadelphia under the Johnson brothers, who bought out Mack. They began play in Kansas City in 1955, as part of the deal selling that team to the Johnson brothers, the Phillies bought Shibe Park, where both teams had played since 1938
Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating and sleeping. Furniture is used to hold objects at a convenient height for work, Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furnitures functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose and it can be made from many materials, including metal and wood. Furniture can be using a variety of woodworking joints which often reflect the local culture. People have been using natural objects, such as stumps and moss. Archaeological research shows that from around 30,000 years ago, people began constructing and carving their own furniture, using wood, early furniture from this period is known from artwork such as a Venus figurine found in Russia, depicting the goddess on a throne. The first surviving extant furniture is in the homes of Skara Brae in Scotland, complex construction techniques such as joinery began in the early dynastic period of ancient Egypt.
This era saw constructed wooden pieces, including stools and tables, sometimes decorated with valuable metals or ivory. The evolution of furniture design continued in ancient Greece and ancient Rome, with thrones being commonplace as well as the klinai, multipurpose couches used for relaxing, the furniture of the Middle Ages was usually heavy and ornamented. Furniture design expanded during the Italian Renaissance of the fourteenth and fifteenth century, the seventeenth century, in both Southern and Northern Europe, was characterized by opulent, often gilded Baroque designs. The nineteenth century is defined by revival styles. The first three-quarters of the century are often seen as the march towards Modernism. One unique outgrowth of post-modern furniture design is a return to natural shapes and textures, the English word furniture is derived from the French word fourniture, the noun form of fournir, which means to supply or provide. Thus fourniture in French means supplies or provisions, the practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation.
Early humans are likely to have used tree stumps as seats, rocks as rudimentary tables, during the late palaeolithic or early neolithic period, from around 30,000 years ago, people began constructing and carving their own furniture, using wood and animal bones. The earliest evidence for the existence of constructed furniture is a Venus figurine found at the Gagarino site in Russia, a similar statue of a Mother Goddess was found in Catal Huyuk in Turkey, dating to between 6000 and 5500 BC. The inclusion of such a seat in the figurines implies that these were already common artefacts of that age, a range of unique stone furniture has been excavated in Skara Brae, a Neolithic village in Orkney, Scotland. Each house shows a degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards and beds to shelves, stone seats
1986 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1986 throughout the world. Louis Cardinals Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award Dave Righetti, New York Yankees Todd Worrell, Billy Williams falls four votes shy of the 319 needed for election. February 28 – Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth suspended 11 players who had testified to cocaine involvement in the Pittsburgh drug trials of 1985. March 10 – Ernie Lombardi, the National League MVP in 1938, and Bobby Doerr, april 8 – former New York Yankee player Lou Piniella makes his managerial debut and guides the Yankees to a 4-2 victory over the Kansas City Royals at Yankee Stadium. Meanwhile, Mario Soto of the Cincinnati Reds became the 11th pitcher in league history to surrender four home runs in an inning in a 7-4 loss to the Montreal Expos. Andre Dawson, Hubie Brooks, Tim Wallach, and Mike Fitzgerald all connected, june 4 – Pitching at Fulton County Stadium, Atlanta Braves pitcher Craig McMurtry gives up Barry Bonds first career home run.
June 18 – Don Sutton of the California Angels records his 300th career win, july 6 – First baseman Bob Horner of the Atlanta Braves becomes the eleventh player in history to hit four home runs in one game. Horner is, the player to do so in a losing effort as his Braves fall to the Montréal Expos, 11-8. July 15 – At the Houston Astrodome, the American League wins the All-Star Game 3–2, AL starter Roger Clemens pitches three perfect innings to win the Games MVP Award. July 22 – New York Mets third baseman Ray Knight incited a bench clearing brawl at Riverfront Stadium against his former teammates, eric Davis, pinch-running for Reds player/manager Pete Rose in the tenth inning, stole second and third base. Knight took the throw from Mets catcher Gary Carter late, brought his glove to Davis face, a stare-off ensued, followed by a right cross from Knight. The benches emptied and as a result of all the ejections from this fight, Mets manager brought back-up catcher Ed Hearn into the game, Roger McDowell replaced Jesse Orosco on the mound, and Orosco went into right field.
They traded positions with two outs in the eleventh, and McDowell traded positions with left fielder Mookie Wilson with one out in the 12th and this rotation continued for the remainder of the game, which the Mets won in fourteen innings. July 29 – Sparky Anderson of the Detroit Tigers becomes the first in baseball to achieve 600 career wins as a manager in both the American and National League, august 1 – Bert Blyleven of the Minnesota Twins records his 3000th career strikeout. In the same game, his teammate Kirby Puckett hits for the cycle for the time in his career. August 10 – Billy Martin has his number 1 retired by the New York Yankees, august 11 – Cincinnati player-manager Pete Rose,45, singled four times and doubled to set an NL record with the 10th five-hit game of his career. Rose drove in three runs in a 13-4 loss to the San Francisco Giants, to one ahead of Max Carey for the record. August 12 – Don Baylor of the Boston Red Sox set an AL record when he was hit by a pitch for the 25th time that season, breaking the record he shared with Bill Freehan and Norm Elberfield
The Associated Press is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City that operates as a cooperative, unincorporated association. The AP is owned by its contributing newspapers and radio and television stations in the United States, all of which stories to the AP. Most of the AP staff are members and are represented by the Newspaper Guild, which operates under the Communications Workers of America. As of 2007, news collected by the AP was published and republished by more than 1,700 newspapers, in addition to more than 5,000 television, the photograph library of the AP consists of over 10 million images. The AP operates 243 news bureaus in 120 countries and it operates the AP Radio Network, which provides newscasts twice hourly for broadcast and satellite radio and television stations. Many newspapers and broadcasters outside the United States are AP subscribers, as part of their cooperative agreement with the AP, most member news organizations grant automatic permission for the AP to distribute their local news reports.
The AP employs the inverted pyramid formula for writing that enables the news outlets to edit a story to fit its available publication area without losing the storys essentials. Cutbacks at rival United Press International in 1993 left the AP as the United States primary news service, although UPI still produces and distributes stories and photos daily. Other English-language news services, such as the BBC, some historians believe that the Tribune joined at this time, documents show it was a member in 1849. The New York Times became a member shortly after its founding in September 1851, initially known as the New York Associated Press, the organization faced competition from the Western Associated Press, which criticized its monopolistic news gathering and price setting practices. The revelations led to the demise of the NYAP and in December 1892, when the AP was founded, news became a salable commodity. The invention of the press allowed the New York Tribune in the 1870s to print 18,000 papers per hour.
During the Civil War and Spanish–American War, there was a new incentive to print vivid, Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago Daily News in 1875, served as AP General Manager from 1893 to 1921. He embraced the standards of accuracy and integrity, the cooperative grew rapidly under the leadership of Kent Cooper, who built up bureau staff in South America, Europe and, the Middle East. He introduced the telegraph typewriter or teletypewriter into newsrooms in 1914, in 1935, AP launched the Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission of news photographs over leased private telephone lines on the day they were taken. This gave AP a major advantage over other media outlets. While the first network was only between New York and San Francisco, eventually AP had its network across the whole United States, in 1945, the Supreme Court of the United States held in Associated Press v. The decision facilitated the growth of its main rival United Press International, AP entered the broadcast field in 1941 when it began distributing news to radio stations, it created its own radio network in 1974
1972 Major League Baseball season
The 1972 Major League Baseball season was the first to have games cancelled by a player strike. It was the last season in which American League pitchers would hit for themselves on a regular basis,1972 was affected by a players strike over pension and salary arbitration. The strike erased the first week and a half of the season, as a result, an uneven number of games were lost by each team, some as few as six, some as many as nine. The lack of makeups, even when they affected the playoffs,1972 marked the first year for the Texas Rangers, who had moved to Arlington from Washington, D. C. after the 1971 season. The team was one of the worst ever fielded by the franchise, manager Ted Williams hated it in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, and resigned at the end of the season. To make room for the Rangers in the American League West Division, both the Chicago White Sox and the Milwaukee Brewers were the easternmost teams in the West Division, but only one of them could move. It was decided that Milwaukee, as the franchise, would make the move.
1972 would mark the Kansas City Royals final year at Kansas City Municipal Stadium, most teams switched from wool flannel uniforms to double knit uniforms made of nylon and rayon at the outset of 1972. The Pirates were first to double knits when they moved from Forbes Field to Three Rivers Stadium in July 1970. The Cardinals switched at the start of the 1971 season, the Giants wore flannels until midseason, going to double knits at home only, the flannels would not be phased out for the road uniforms for 1973. The Red Sox switched to double knits midway through 1972, only the Royals and Yankees wore flannels full-time during the 1972 season, and all three converted to double knits for 1973. January 19 – The Baseball Writers Association of America elects Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, Koufax makes it in his first try and, at age of 36, is the youngest honoree in history. February 8 – Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announces that the Special Committee on the Negro Leagues has selected Josh Gibson, march 16 – Reigning American League Cy Young and MVP award winner Vida Blue announces his retirement.
It will be a one as he will rejoin the Oakland Athletics in May. April 1–13 – The first players strike in baseball history wipes 6–8 games off the schedule of each MLB team. It is agreed that the games will be canceled altogether and not made up. The schedule imbalance would lead to the Detroit Tigers edging the Boston Red Sox by only one-half game to win the American League East Division championship, the strike results in the team owners adding salary arbitration to the collective bargaining agreement, and increasing pension fund payments. April 2 – With the sudden death of Gil Hodges, Yogi Berra is named manager of the New York Mets, april 16 – Chicago Cubs pitcher Burt Hooton pitches a 4–0 no-hitter over the Philadelphia Phillies at Chicagos Wrigley Field
Rawlings Gold Glove Award
Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Additionally, a sabermetric component provided by Society for American Baseball Research accounts for approximately 25 percent of the vote, eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year, one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a made from gold lamé-tanned leather. For the first four seasons of the award, individual awards were presented to left fielders, center fielders, from 1961 through 2010, the phrase at each position was no longer strictly accurate, since the prize was presented to three outfielders irrespective of their specific position. Any combination of outfielders, often three center fielders, could win the award in the same year, critics called for awarding a single Gold Glove for each individual outfield position, arguing that the three outfield positions are not equivalent defensively.
Starting in 2011, separate awards for each position were once again presented. In the 1985 American League voting, a tie for third-place resulted in the presentation of Gold Glove Awards to four outfielders, the Gold Gloves are selected by managers and coaches that may have seen a player as few as six times during the season. Bill Chuck of Comcast SportsNet New England wrote that Gold Glove voters frequently counted only errors to determine winners, geoff Baker of The Seattle Times said the votes for the Gold Gloves rely largely on a players past reputation. The Associated Press wrote that fans have viewed the Gold Gloves as mostly a popularity contest. Derek Jeter, winner of five Gold Gloves, believes that many defensive factors cannot be quantified, in 2013, Rawlings collaborated on the Gold Glove Award with SABR, who provided the SABR Defensive Index to add a sabermetric component to the selection process. The index accounted for 25 percent of the vote, while managers, Jay Jaffe of Sports Illustrated wrote that the Gold Gloves appear to have significantly closed the gap on their more statistically-driven counterparts.
The most Gold Gloves ever won by one player is 18 by pitcher Greg Maddux and he won 13 consecutive awards from 1990 to 2002, all in the National League. Brooks Robinson has the most wins as a third baseman, with 16 Gold Gloves, and is tied for the second-highest total overall with pitcher Jim Kaat, Iván Rodríguez has won the most Gold Gloves as a catcher, with 13 career awards in the American League. Ozzie Smith has 13 wins at shortstop, he and Rodríguez are tied for the fourth-highest total among all winners, among outfielders, Roberto Clemente and Willie Mays, who played primarily right field and center field, are tied for the lead with 12 Gold Gloves. Keith Hernandez, the leader at first base, has won 11 times, other players with 10 or more wins include shortstop Omar Vizquel, catcher Johnny Bench, third baseman Mike Schmidt, and outfielders Ken Griffey Jr. Ichiro Suzuki, Andruw Jones, and Al Kaline. The only player to win Gold Gloves as an infielder and outfielder is Darin Erstad, the only other player to win Gold Gloves at multiple positions is Plácido Polanco, who won at second base and third base.
In 2016, Rawlings announced it would begin awarding a gold glove annually to a female fastpitch softball player in the National Pro Fastpitch league, NPF coaches and managers vote for a winner