Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, Ace Frehley. Well known for its members' face paint and stage outfits, the group rose to prominence in the mid-to-late 1970s with their elaborate live performances, which featured fire breathing, blood-spitting, smoking guitars, shooting rockets, levitating drum kits, pyrotechnics; the band has gone through several lineup changes, with Stanley and Simmons the only remaining original members. The original and best-known lineup consisted of Stanley, Simmons and Criss. With their make-up and costumes, they took on the personae of comic book-style characters: The Starchild, The Demon, The Spaceman or Space Ace, The Catman. Due to creative differences, both Criss and Frehley had departed the group by 1982. In 1983, Kiss began performing without makeup and costumes, thinking that it was time to leave the makeup behind; the band accordingly experienced a minor commercial resurgence, their music videos received regular airplay on MTV.
Eric Carr, who had replaced Criss in 1980, died in 1991 of heart cancer and was replaced by Eric Singer. In response to a wave of Kiss nostalgia in the mid-1990s, the original lineup re-united in 1996, which saw the return of their makeup and stage costumes; the resulting Alive/Worldwide Tour was commercially successful. Criss and Frehley have both since left the band again and have been replaced by Singer and Tommy Thayer, respectively; the band has continued with their original stage makeup, with Singer and Thayer using the original Catman and Space Ace makeup, respectively. In September 2018, Kiss announced that, after 45 years of recording and performing, they will embark on their final tour, The End of the Road World Tour, in 2019. Kiss is one of the best-selling bands of all time, having sold more than 100 million records worldwide, including 25 million RIAA-certified albums. On April 10, 2014, the four original members of Kiss were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Kiss traces their roots to Wicked Lester, a New York City-based rock band led by Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley.
They recorded one album, shelved by Epic Records, played a handful of live shows. Simmons and Stanley, feeling a new musical direction was needed, abandoned Wicked Lester in 1972 and began forming a new group. After abandoning the name Wicked Lester late in 1972, Simmons and Stanley came across an ad in the East Coast version of Rolling Stone placed by Peter Criss, a veteran drummer from the New York City scene who had played in the bands Lips and Chelsea. Simmons and Stanley met him in a nightclub. After hearing Criss sing, they thought of him being in the new band. Criss auditioned for and joined their new band; the trio focused on a much harder style of rock than. They began experimenting with their image by wearing makeup and various outfits. In November 1972, the trio played a showcase for Epic Records A&R director Don Ellis, in an effort to secure a record deal. Although the performance went well, Ellis disliked the group's music. In early January 1973, the group added lead guitarist Ace Frehley.
Frehley impressed the group with his first audition, although he showed up wearing two different colored sneakers, one red and one orange. A few weeks after Frehley joined, the classic lineup was solidified as the band to be named Kiss. Stanley came up with the name while Simmons and Criss were driving around New York City. Criss mentioned that he had been in a band called Lips, so Stanley said something to the effect of "What about Kiss?" Frehley created the now-iconic logo, making the "SS" look like lightning bolts, when he went to write the new band name over "Wicked Lester" on a poster outside the club where they were going to play. Stanley designed the logo with a Sharpie and a ruler and accidentally drew the two S's nonparallel because he did it "by eye." The art department asked him if he wanted it to be redrafted to be perfect and he said, "It got us this far, let's leave well enough alone. Our number one rule has always been no rules." The letters happened to look similar to the insignia of the Nazi SS, a symbol, outlawed in Germany by Section 86a of the German criminal code.
Since 1979, most of the band's album covers and merchandise in Germany have used an alternate logo, in which the letters "SS" look like the letters "ZZ" backwards. This logo is used in Austria, Poland, Lithuania and Israel to avoid controversy; the band's name has been the subject of rumors pertaining to alleged hidden meanings. Among these rumors are claims that the name is an acronym for "Knights in Satan's Service", "Kinder SS", or "Kids in Satan's Service". Simmons has denied all of these claims; the first Kiss performance was on January 30, 1973, for an audience of three at the Popcorn Club in Queens. For the first three gigs, January 30 to February 1, they wore little to no makeup. On March 13 of that year, the band recorded a five-song demo tape with producer Eddie Kramer. Former TV director Bill Aucoin, who had seen the group at a handful of showcase concerts in the summer of 1973, offered to become the band's manager in mid-October. Kiss agreed, with the condition. On November 1, 1973, Kiss became the first act signed to
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
Moulin Rouge! is a 2001 jukebox musical romantic drama film directed, co-produced, co-written by Baz Luhrmann. It tells the story of a young English poet/writer, who falls in love with the star of the Moulin Rouge, cabaret actress and courtesan Satine, it uses the musical setting of the Montmartre Quarter of France. At the 74th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for eight Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Nicole Kidman, winning two: for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design, it was the first musical nominated for Best Picture in 10 years, following Disney's Beauty and the Beast. In BBC's 2016 poll of the greatest films since 2000, Moulin Rouge! Ranked 53rd. In the year 1900, a British writer named Christian, suffering from depression, begins writing on his typewriter; as Christian narrates, the film flashes back to one year earlier upon Christian's move to the Montmartre district of Paris to become a writer among members of the area's Bohemian movement. He soon discovers that his neighbours are a loose troupe of performers led by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
Toulouse-Lautrec and the others ask for Christian's help, his writing skills allow them to finish their proposed show, Spectacular Spectacular, that they wish to sell to the owner of the Moulin Rouge, Harold Zidler. The group arrives at the Moulin Rouge as Zidler and his "Diamond Dog Dancers" perform for the audience. Toulouse arranges for Christian to see Satine, the star courtesan, in her private quarters to present the work, unaware that Zidler has been promising Satine to the wealthy and psychopathic Duke of Monroth, a potential investor in the cabaret. Satine mistakes Christian for the Duke, dances with him before retiring to her private chamber with him to discuss things confidentially, but soon learns he is just a writer; the Duke interrupts them. With Zidler's help and the rest of the troupe pitch the show to the Duke with an improvised plot about an evil maharajah attempting to woo an Indian courtesan who loves a poor sitar player; the Duke backs the show on the condition. Satine contemplates Christian and her longing to leave the Moulin Rouge to become "a real actress".
Christian goes back to Satine to convince her that they should be together, she falls for him. As the cabaret is converted to a theater and Satine continue seeing each other under the pretense of rehearsing Satine's lines; the Duke becomes suspicious of their frequent meetings and warns Zidler that he may stop financing the show. Zidler makes excuses to the Duke. Zidler learns from the doctor treating Satine that she does not have long to live, but keeps this knowledge from Satine. Satine tells Christian that their relationship endangers the show, but he counters by writing a secret love song to affirm their love; as the Duke watches Christian rehearsing with Satine, Nini, a jealous performer, points out that the play is a metaphor for Christian and the Duke. Enraged, the Duke demands the ending be changed with the courtesan choosing the maharajah. At the Duke's quarters, Satine sees Christian on the streets below, realizes she cannot sleep with the Duke.. The Duke attempts to rape her. Reunited with Christian, he urges her to run away with him.
The Duke tells Zidler. Zidler reiterates this warning to Satine, but when she refuses to return, he informs her she is dying. Zidler tells Satine that to save Christian's life, she has to tell him that she will be staying with the Duke and she doesn't love him. Christian tries following her, but is denied entry to the Moulin Rouge, becomes depressed though Toulouse insists that Satine does love him; the night of the show, Christian sneaks into the Moulin Rouge, intending to pay Satine her fee as a courtesan. He catches Satine before she demands she tell him she does not love him, they find themselves in the spotlight. Christian denounces walks off the stage. From the rafters, Toulouse cries out, "The greatest thing you'll learn is just to love and be loved in return", spurring Satine to sing the song Christian wrote to express their love. Christian returns to the stage, reaffirming his love for her; the Duke orders his bodyguard to kill Christian, but is thwarted, while the Duke's own attempt is stopped by Zidler.
The Duke storms out of the cabaret as Christian and Satine complete their song. After the curtain closes, Satine succumbs to tuberculosis. Before she dies and Satine affirm their love and she tells him to write their story. A year the Moulin Rouge has closed down, Christian finishes writing the tale of his love for Satine, a "love that will live forever"; the storyline of Moulin Rouge can be traced back to Alexandre Dumas, fil
Cranbrook School, Sydney
Cranbrook School is an independent and boarding school for boys, located in Bellevue Hill and Rose Bay, both eastern suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Founded in 1918 with the Reverend Frederick Thomas Perkins as the first headmaster, Cranbrook has a non-selective enrolment policy and caters for 1,300 students from Pre-school to Year 12, including 97 boarders from Years 7 to 12. Cranbrook is affiliated with the International Coalition of Boys' Schools, the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia, the Australian Boarding Schools' Association, the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, is a founding member of the Combined Associated Schools. On 1 December 1917, the former private home and vice-regal residence, was bought at auction by an agent for Samuel Hordern, he was the main financial benefactor of a group of businessmen and churchmen aiming to establish an Anglican boys' school in the Eastern Suburbs. From December 1917 to June 1918, a provisional committee of twelve, comprising the founders and six additional men, prepared for the opening of the new school.
They held meetings, ensured building renovations were completed, drew up the first articles of association and appointed the first Headmaster, Rev. F T Perkins. On 6 June 1918, the provisional committee reformed itself as the first council of Cranbrook School and organised the official opening of the school for 22 July 1918. From the time of its foundation in 1918, Cranbrook School established a tradition of high teaching standards, a comprehensive curriculum and an acknowledgement of the importance of boys' physical and social development and giving individual attention to every boy; as well, boys were expected to contribute their spirit toward the community through participation in social service and church. Cranbrook has a strong history of sporting and academic success throughout recent years. Cranbrook school is situated over two campuses. Cranbrook has a system of houses from year seven to twelve; this system was created in order for boys to socialise better between different year groups, where senior boys would be acting as juniors' mentors within the house.
There are ten day houses, with about 80 boys each. There are two boarding houses with around 40 boys each; the school has ten day boy houses - Chelmsford: Founded 1931 - Named after Governor Lord Chelmsford Strickland: Founded 1931 - Named after Governor Sir Gerald Strickland Davidson: Founded 1941 - Named after Governor Sir Walter Davidson Northcott: Founded 1957 - Named after Governor Sir John Northcott Wakehurst: Founded 1960 - Named after Governor Lord Wakehurst Woodward: Founded 1969 - Named after Governor Sir Eric Woodward Hone: Founded 1970 - Named after Headmaster Sir Brian Hone Cutler: Founded 1980 - Named after Governor Sir Roden Cutler Perkins: Founded 1994 - Named after founding Headmaster Rev. Frederick Perkins Harvey: Founded 2012 - Named after founding school council chairman Sir John Musgrave Harvey Cranbrook has two Boarding Houses- Rawson HouseFounded in 1931, it was named after the former Governor of New South Wales, Sir Harry Rawson. Street HouseFounded in 1957, it was named after the Sir Kenneth Street, a previous President of School Council.
Every year, the school community elects prefects from boys in Year 12 to serve the school and to enforce the daily routine. There are head of house prefects, a senior prefect a second prefect and a head prefect. Alumni of Cranbrook School are known as "Old Cranbrookians" and may elect to join the schools alumni association, the Old Cranbrookians' Association. For a list of notable Old Cranbrookians', see List of Old Boys of Cranbrook School, Sydney; these ″Old Cranbrookians″ include such notable names as: Kerry Packer, David Gyngell, Gabriella Jabison, Hon. Tim Bruxner Olympic sprinter Steven Solomon, Murray Rose. List of non-government schools in New South Wales List of boarding schools Lawrence Campbell Oratory Competition Leura "Two magic words give the signal for a'school in a park' ", 20 June 2006, The Sydney Morning Herald. Cranbrook School website
The Aunty Jack Show
The Aunty Jack Show was a Logie Award–winning Australian television comedy series that ran from 1972 to 1973. Produced by and broadcast on ABC-TV, the series attained an instant cult status that persists to the present day; the lead character, Aunty Jack was a unique comic creation — an obese, gravel-voiced transvestite, part trucker and part pantomime dame — who habitually solved any problem by knocking people unconscious or threatening to "rip their bloody arms off". Visually, she was unmistakable, dressed in a huge, tent-like blue velvet dress, football socks, a golden boxing glove on her right hand, she rode everywhere on a Harley-Davidson motorcycle and referred to everyone as "me little lovelies" — when she was not uttering her familiar threat: "I'll rip yer bloody arms off!", a phrase which passed into the vernacular. The character was devised and played by the multi-talented Grahame Bond and was inspired by his overbearing Uncle Jack, whom he had disliked as a child, his grandfather Ben Doyle and Dot Strong the ABC's last official tea lady.
An architecture graduate of Sydney University, Bond was an accomplished writer, comedian, singer and guitarist by the time he graduated. He cut his teeth writing and performing as a founder member and leading light of the University's legendary Architecture Revues from 1964-69, it was here that he met and became friends with other Sydney students including Geoffrey Atherden, Maurice Murphy and Peter Weir, who became Australia's most internationally acclaimed film director. Through these stage revues Grahame met his longtime musical and acting partner Rory O'Donoghue, who had begun his performing career playing The Artful Dodger in a Sydney production of the musical Oliver! as well as being the lead singer and guitarist in the Sydney rock bands The Pogs and Oakapple Day. Rory was only 14 at the time he met Bond, when The Pogs were brought in to provide musical backing for one of the Architecture Revues. After graduating and friends continued working together on a wide range of projects in radio, theatre, TV and film.
He collaborated on several short films and stage pieces with Peter Weir, wrote and played in a number of stage comedies and revues. The success of Bond's work in the Architecture Revues led to a professional stage revue for the PACT Theatre Company, Balloon Dubloon with Peter Weir, which in turn led to an invitation from festival director Sir Robert Helpmann to stage a revue, Drip Dry Dreams at the Adelaide Festival and Richbrooke. Through Bob Allnutt, a staffer at the PACT Theatre Company who worked for the ABC's Religious Affairs Department, Weir and friends were commissioned to produce a TV special, Man On A Green Bike, a fantasy that examined three different views of Christmas; the 50-minute film, Bond's first known TV appearance, was co-written by and starred Bond and Peter Weir, with Geoff Malone, James Dellit, Anna Nygh. The story concerned three men, once friends sharing many adventures, who are now mayors of three cities—medieval Ackley, the futuristic Cadmium, Petal Lake, a community reminiscent of the 1930s.
Into their midst comes the strange figure of Mr. Maloon, a man travelling on a laden green bike, whose presence disturbs and embarrasses the mayors. During 1970 Bond, Weir and co. created and performed the revue Filth at the Phillip St Revue, followed by Hamlet On Ice at the Nimrod Theatre. Bond's friendship with Weir led to him writing the music for the three-part AFI Award-winning 1970 film Three To Go, for which Weir directed one segment. Bond provided the music and played a leading role in Weir's first film, the 1971 short feature Homesdale. Aunty Jack was created for a proposed ABC Radio children's radio series, "The Aunty Jack Show", commissioned by Paddy Conroy, it was intended to replace the long-running children's radio series The Argonauts Club, about to be cancelled. The new series never went to air because ABC executives felt that the Aunty Jack character and some of Grahame's songs were "inappropriate" for young listeners; the Aunty Jack character made her TV debut in Aunty Jack's Travelling Show, an episode of ABC-TV's The Comedy Game, broadcast in late 1971.
It was to be called Aunty Jack's Travelling Abattoirs but ABC executives found the title inappropriate. The program featured Bond, O'Donoghue and Derum, with Sharman Mellick and Kate Fitzpatrick in supporting roles; this marked the start of a fruitful partnership between Bond, O'Donoghue and ABC writer and director Maurice Murphy. They became the creative nucleus for a string of programs that influenced TV comedy in Australia. Although compared to Monty Python's Flying Circus, as the two teams evidently shared the same love of surreal humour; the Aunty Jack character, in fact made her appearance well. The Goons have been mentioned as an inspiration, but in Johnson and Smiedt's history of Australian comedy Boom Boom, Bond himself said that he had listened to The Goons only occasionally, he mentioned Australian radio star Jack Davey, Bob Dyer, the Mickey Mouse Club and The Steve Allen Show as early interests, but cited the surreal black humour of Joseph Heller's novel Catch-22 as a major comedic influence.
Peter Weir was involved behind the scenes in the early days of the series. He had been part of the university revues they had done together in the 1960s, had a small part in Homesdale and was credited as a writer on the Aunty Jack's Travelling Show and four episodes of the subsequent series, he gave up performing just before The Aunty Jack Show
National Institute of Dramatic Art
The National Institute of Dramatic Art is an Australian national education and training institute for students in the performing arts. Since 1958, NIDA has educated students in performance and production for theatre and television, it offers programs ranging from degrees to public short courses, including holiday programs and corporate training. In 2018, NIDA was ranked as the 10th best drama school in the world by The Hollywood Reporter. NIDA's main campus is based in the Sydney suburb of Kensington, located adjacent to the University of New South Wales, is made up of a range of rehearsal and performance venues. NIDA is affiliated with the University of New South Wales. NIDA receives funding from the Australian Government through the Minister for the Arts, Attorney-General's Department and is a member of the "Australian Roundtable for Arts Training Excellence:" an initiative between the national performing arts training organisations and the Australian Government providing training for emerging artists.
Founded in 1958, NIDA commenced acting classes in 1959. More than 50 years NIDA has grown to 232 full-time students annually 70 full-time staff members. Entry to NIDA's higher education courses is competitive, with 5,000 applicants from around the country competing for an annual offering of 75 places across undergraduate and graduate disciplines; the student body for these courses totalled 199 in 2014. NIDA is located on Anzac Parade in the Sydney suburb of Kensington, across the road from the University of New South Wales; the campus was first opened in 1987, followed by additional buildings opened in 2001, which were awarded the 2002 Sir John Sulman Medal for public architecture. NIDA has five theatres; the largest of these is the Parade Theatre offering seating for audiences of up to 707 people in its three-tiered, horseshoe-shaped auditorium. The Playhouse, Studio Theatre, the Space and the Atrium offer a variety of flexible performance spaces; the Rodney Seaborn Library is a specialist library for NIDA students and staff and is open to the general public by appointment.
Created in 1980. The NIDA Archives collects and preserves archival records created by or relating to NIDA; the NIDA campus includes rehearsal rooms, multi-media and computer-aided design studios, a sound stage, a lighting studio, production workshops, audio-visual facilities, the Reg Grundy Studio film and television training and production facility. Graduates from the National Institute of Dramatic Art include: Adrian Britnell Dale Ferguson Catherine Martin Ralph Myers, Former Artistic Director Belvoir St Theatre Michael Wilkinson, 2014 Academy Award Nominee for American Hustle Paul Curran Gale Edwards Jennifer Kent Dane Laffrey Tommy Murphy Kip Williams, artistic director of Sydney Theatre Company Jim Sharman, Director of The Rocky Horror Picture Show In 2012, former NIDA board member and Liberal senator Chris Puplick, who had served on the board from 1994 to 2000 and 2007 to 2010, wrote an essay titled "Changing Times at NIDA", published in the October issue of the publication Platform Papers.
In the essay, Puplick criticised the teaching standards of the school and its director and chief executive, Lynne Williams, stating that she has had no significant experience in theatre to head the school and that her style was "Thatcherite". Soon after Puplick's statements were reported, chairman of NIDA's board, Malcolm Long, Lynne Williams replied back to the comments, with Long stating that Williams had the complete support of the board and described Puplick as "an disaffected former board member." Williams had defended herself stating her management style was not "Thatcherite". Long mentioned that amongst Williams' supporters were Cate Blanchett and Ralph Myers. Supporting Puplick were actor, director and a graduate of the school Jeremy Sims, who had launched the essay, Kevin Jackson, who had taught acting at the school for 27 years. Official website