Sproxton is a village and civil parish within the Borough of Melton in Leicestershire, close to the border with Lincolnshire. It has a population of 480, rising to 658 at the 2011 census; the village and civil parish are not coterminous. The River Eye runs through the parish. Nearby places are Waltham on the Wolds, Croxton Kerrial, Coston and Skillington; the Viking Way runs close by. Nearby is Sproxton Quarry Site of Special Scientific Interest; the 14th-century parish church of St Bartholomew and restored in 1882 by architect Henry Woodyer, is a Grade II* listed building. There is evidence of Norman building in the west wall of the south aisle and the tower is 13th-century; the top part of the tower was rebuilt in the restoration of 1882. There is a Saxon cross in the churchyard - the only complete one in Leicestershire. A post mill stood at Sproxton; the mill was rebuilt in 1889 after it killed the miller. Wakes & Lamb of Newark rebuilt the mill using materials from the old mill and from one at Castle Bytham.
It repaired. By 1920 it was out of use and was demolished in 1949 when owned by Mr T. A. Mount. Quarrying for iron ore was carried out at Sproxton from 1925 to 1973 and for limestone from 1965 to 1969; the stone was taken away by a railway, construction of, started in about 1922 by the Great Northern Railway. The line was an extension of the branch from the main line at High Dyke to Stainby; the terminus was on the east side of the Sproxton to Saltby road. It was planned to extend the line to Waltham Station but this extension was never opened; the first quarry was for iron ore close to the road between the railway and Sproxton Church and worked its way eastwards until 1961. The quarry was extended eastwards and southwards between 1965 and 1968 but for the getting of limestone rather than iron ore. A second iron ore quarry operated on the south side of the Skillington road between 1961 and 1973, again working eastwards. A further iron ore quarry was worked on the north side of the railway between 1962 and 1963 again working eastward from the Saltby road.
The ore was taken to the railway by standard gauge tramways, worked by horses from 1925 to 1928 by a petrol engined locomotive and from 1931 by steam locomotives. From 1961 some of the ore was taken to the railway by lorry and from October 1963 the last of the tramways was abandoned and all of the stone was taken to the railway by lorry. Steam quarrying machines were used until 1940 when diesel machines were introduced; some of the quarried area has been restored for agriculture. Some has been forested and the final gullets and the limestone quarry remain. There are traces of tipping dock. Sproxton Jubilee Site Open Gardens Day
Coston is a village in the eastern part of Leicestershire, England. The population is included in the civil parish of Sproxton Coston forms part of the civil parish of Garthorpe that, in turn, is part of the district of Melton; the parish church, dedicated to St Andrew, is thought to date back to the 13th century and was restored in 1846. Media related to Coston, Leicestershire at Wikimedia Commons
Historic England is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture and Sport. It is tasked with protecting the historical environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings, ancient monuments and advising central and local government; the body was created by the National Heritage Act 1983, operated from April 1984 to April 2015 under the name of English Heritage. In 2015, following the changes to English Heritage's structure that moved the protection of the National Heritage Collection into the voluntary sector in the English Heritage Trust, the body that remained was rebranded as Historic England. Historic England has a similar remit to and complements the work of Natural England which aims to protect the natural environment; the body inherited the Historic England Archive from the old English Heritage, projects linked to the archive such as Britain from Above, which saw the archive work with the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland to digitise and put online 96,000 of the oldest Aerofilms images.
The archive holds various nationally important collections and the results of older projects such as the work of the National Buildings Record absorbed by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England and the Images of England project which set out to create a accessible online database of the 370,000 listed properties in England at a snapshot in time at the turn of the millennium. Historic England inherits English Heritage's position as the UK government's statutory adviser and a statutory consultee on all aspects of the historic environment and its heritage assets; this includes archaeology on land and under water, historic buildings sites and areas, designated landscapes and the historic elements of the wider landscape. It monitors and reports on the state of England's heritage and publishes the annual Heritage at Risk survey, one of the UK Government's Official statistics, it is tasked to secure the preservation and enhancement of the man-made heritage of England for the benefit of future generations.
Its remit involves: Caring for nationally important archive collections of photographs and other records which document the historic environment of England and date from the eighteenth century onwards. Giving grants national and local organisations for the conservation of historic buildings and landscapes. In 2013/14 over £13 million worth of grants were made to support heritage buildings. Advising central UK government on which English heritage assets are nationally important and should be protected by designation. Administering and maintaining the register of England's listed buildings, scheduled monuments, registered battlefields, World Heritage Sites and protected parks and gardens; this is published as an online resource as'The National Heritage List for England'. Advising local authorities on managing changes to the most important parts of heritage. Providing expertise through advice and guidance to improve the standards and skills of people working in heritage, practical conservation and access to resources.
In 2009–2010 it trained around 200 professionals working in local authorities and the wider sector. Consulting and collaborating with other heritage bodies and national planning organisations e.g. the preparation of Planning Policy statement for the Historic Environment Commissioning and conducting archaeological research, including the publication of'Heritage Counts' and ‘Heritage at Risk’ on behalf of the heritage sector which are the annual research surveys into the state of England's heritage. It is not responsible for approving alterations to listed buildings; the management of listed buildings is the responsibility of local planning authorities and the Department for Communities and Local Government. It owns the National Heritage Collection of nationally important historic sites in public care; however they do not run these sites as this function is instead carried out by the English Heritage Trust under licence until 2023. English Heritage Historic England Archive Cadw Historic Scotland Northern Ireland Environment Agency Manx National Heritage Department for Culture and Sport Conservation in the United Kingdom Heritage at Risk Historic houses in England National Trust Properties in England Heritage Open Days List of Conservation topics List of heritage registers List of museums in England Heritage film Official website The Historic England Archive: Search over 1 million catalogue entries describing photographs and drawings of England's buildings and historic sites, held in the Historic England Archive.
Britain from Above: presents the unique Aerofilms collection of aerial photographs from 1919-1953. Images of England website Heritage Explorer: Education site for teachers Department for Culture Media and Sport
Freeby is a village and civil parish in the Melton district of Leicestershire, about 3 miles east of Melton Mowbray. As well as the village of Freeby the civil parish includes the villages of Brentingby, Saxby and Wyfordby; the 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 244. Isaac Watts preached at the Congregational chapel, which became in United Reformed Church the early 1970s; the village was once a part of Melton Mowbray parish. At the time of Edward the Confessor it was known as "Fretheby" and "Fredebi", it was referred to as "Frieby" as late as 1816. All the properties, except the United Reformed Church, still belong to the Freeby estate; the estate is still a manor estate. The estate passed to Lord de Ros at the demise of the Despensers.. In 1568 the lord of the manor of Freeby was Edward, 3rd Earl of Rutland. 30 years the manor passed to Thomas Hartopp of that ancient family of Leicestershire. Sir John Hartopp, 3rd Baronet became MP for Leicestershire, employed the non-conformist Isaac Watts and left an endowment for the education of dissenting ministers.
The estate was sold by Sir JW Cradock Hartopp, Bart, to Mr Daniel Thwaites upon whose death in 1888 it passed to his only daughter, Elma Amy, the wife of Robert Yerburgh, M. P; the estate was part of many others owned by Mrs Yerburgh and under management of the Woodfold Estates Company Management. Mrs. Yerburgh died in 1946 and from 1955 the estates and brewery were managed separately from adjacent offices at Eanam, Blackburn; the buildings in the village show some similarity of age and building style commensurate with estate management. This can be seen in window frames and doors, the use of ironstone and brick building materials with limestone decoration. At the T junction to the west of the village, set upon a bank, is a terrace of six houses called Sykes Row; the red brick and tiled roof construction with decorative window arches are striking. Ivy House Farm, the Old Barn and Woodbine Cottage are opposite and as the road dips down into the village the church can be glimpsed behind the mature trees that border its north and west walls.
As the visitor proceeds along the road such cottages as Primrose and Laburnum Cottage grace the sides with their unspoilt red brick and tile construction and well kept gardens. Further along Manor Farm and Glen Farm, working farms, display wonderful building features such as working sash windows; the Manor Farmhouse is Grade II listed. Since 1994 Freeby has been under the protection of the Freeby Conservation Area which covers 3.38 hectares sand was designated by Melton Borough Council. The settlement is unspoilt as an agricultural village worthy of preservation and its buildings and rural nature are a credit to English heritage. Most of the village, other than some farm buildings, are encompassed in the conservation area; the oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of St Mary are 14th century. The building is in an Early English style; the parish register is fragmented until the beginning of the 19th century. Like so many medieval churches it has been repaired and altered many times, the last thorough restoration around 1894.
As with many churches in this area it is built of limestone ashlar. The aisles were added some time and the limestone tower was built in the 16th century. Ornamental medieval corbels adorn each south window and the church has a north door; the church is on a prominence on the north side of the road through the village and, its downfall. That hill is not solid rock and, according to a BBC video is sand which has resulted to constant repairs throughout the last 700 years as the church settles; the church would seat 200 but it has been closed for some time because of its small congregation and its state of repair. English Heritage, after a survey of churches say, "The church serves a small community, who have maintained it well over the years, but some of the stonework needs urgent repairs. English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund is providing a scheme of repair grants to places of worship like St Mary's.” The church has been found closed. Photographs in the gallery show the extent of the damage to some extent but the author has no access to the interior.
There is a preservation order, granted on 24 August 1999 by Melton Borough Council, on a dozen trees on the north side of the churchyard. At present the villagers worship in the chapel, a small building a short walk across the road from St Mary's; the chapel was built before 1881. It has a porch; the civil parish of Freeby includes Saxby, Stapleford and Brentingby as well as Freeby itself. Saxby is a small village in the parish of Freeby. Saxby is one of the Thankful Villages -- only 52 of; these villages and parishes sent men to fight in the Great War, 1914-1918, all of them came back alive. In 1696 the non-conformist cleric and hymn-writer Isaac Watts was appointed minister to the Hartopp family of Stoke Newington and Freeby, he preached at the Congregational chapel in the village until 1699. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Leicestershire and Rutland; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 154–155. Freeby Parish Council
Melton Mowbray is a town in Leicestershire, England, 19 miles north-east of Leicester, 20 miles south-east of Nottingham. It lies on the River Eye and the River Wreake and has a population of 25,554; the town is best known for the Melton Mowbray pork pie. In addition, it includes one of the six makers of Stilton cheese. Melton Mowbray is promoted as Britain's "Rural Capital of Food"; the name comes from the early English word Medeltone – meaning "Middletown surrounded by small hamlets". Mowbray is a Norman family name – the name of early Lords of the Manor – namely Robert de Mowbray. In and around Melton, there are 28 scheduled ancient monuments, around 705 buildings listed as having special architectural or historical interest, 16 sites of special scientific interest, several deserted village sites. There is industrial archaeology, including the Grantham Canal and the remains of the Melton Mowbray Navigation. Windmill sites, ironstone working and smelting archaeological evidence suggest that Melton borough was densely populated in Bronze and Iron Ages.
Many small village communities existed and strategic points at Burrough Hill and Belvoir were fortified. There is evidence to suggest that the site of Melton Mowbray in the Wreake Valley was inhabited before Roman occupation. In Roman times, Melton benefited from the proximity of the Fosse Way and other important Roman roads, of military centres at Leicester and Lincoln. Intermediate camps were established, for example, at Six Hills on the Fosse Way. Other Roman trackways in the locality passed north of Melton along the top of the Vale of Belvoir scarp, linking Market Harborough to Belvoir, the Fosse Way to Oakham and Stamford. Evidence of settlement throughout Anglo-Saxon and Danelaw period is reflected in many place names. Along the Wreake Valley, the Danish suffix "-by" is common, as is evident in Asfordby, Frisby, Hoby and Gaddesby. In addition, a cemetery of 50–60 graves, of Pagan Anglo-Saxon origin, has been found in Melton Mowbray. Although most villages and their churches had origins before the Norman Conquest of 1066, stone crosses at Asfordby and Sproxton churches and Anglo-Saxon cemeteries as found at Goadby Marwood and Stapleford pre-date the Conquest.
Melton Mowbray itself had six recorded crosses, whose construction spanned several centuries: Kettleby Cross,. All the original crosses were removed or destroyed during the Reformation and other iconoclastic periods, or to make room for traffic or other development; the effects of the Norman Conquest are recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book. This indicates that settlements at Long Clawson and Bottesford were of noteworthy size, that Melton Mowbray was a thriving market town of some 200 inhabitants, with weekly markets, two water mills and two priests; the water mills, still in use up to the 18th century, are remembered in the present names of Beckmill Court and Mill Street. So Melton Mowbray has been a market town for over 1,000 years. Recorded as Leicestershire's only market in the 1086 Domesday Survey, it is the third oldest market in England. Tuesday has been market day since royal approval was given in 1324; the market was established with tolls before 1077. Legacies from the Medieval period include consolidation of market town patterns.
The latter had a market in medieval times that continued until 1921, an annual fair of horses and cattle. Many buildings in Melton Market Place, Nottingham Street, Church Lane, King Street and Sherrard Street have ancient foundations. Alterations to No. 16 Church Street revealed a medieval circular stone wall subjected to considerable heat. This is the'Manor Oven' mentioned in 13th century documents. Surveys of 5 King Street show it to be part of an early medieval open-halled house, it fortified Manor of the Mowbrays, which existed in the 14th century. King Richard I and King John may have stayed at an earlier castle. In 1549 following the Dissolution of the chantries and religious guilds, church plate was sold and land purchased for the town. Resulting rents were used to maintain Melton School, first recorded in 1347, as one of the oldest educational establishments in Britain. Funds were used to maintain roads, bridges and to repair the church clock. Anne of Cleves House, now a public house, During the English Civil War, Melton was a Roundhead garrison commanded by a Colonel Rossiter.
Two battles were fought in the town: in November 1643, Royalists caught the garrison unaware and carried away prisoners and booty. Around 300 men were said to have been killed. According to legend a hillside where the battle was thought to have been fought was ankle deep in blood, hence the name'Ankle Hill'. However, this name is alre
National Heritage List for England
The National Heritage List for England is England’s official list of buildings, monuments and gardens, wrecks and World Heritage Sites. It is maintained by Historic England and brings together these different designations as a single resource though they vary in the type of legal protection afforded to each. Conservation areas do not appear on the NHLE since they are designated by the relevant local planning authority; the passage of the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882 established the first part of what the list is today, it established a list of 50 prehistoric monuments which were protected by the state. Further amendments to this act increased the levels of protection and added more monuments to the list; the Town and Country Planning Acts created the first listed buildings and the process for adding properties to it. As of 2018, more than 600,000 properties are listed individually; each year additional properties are added to the National Register as part of the different constituent registers that are part of the list.
The National Heritage List for England was launched in 2011 as the statutory list of all designated historic places including listed buildings and scheduled monuments. The list is managed by Historic England, is available as an on-line database with 400,000 listed buildings, registered parks and battlefields, protected shipwrecks and scheduled monuments. A unique reference number, the NHLE Code, is used to refer to the related database entry, such as 1285296 – this example is for Douglas House. Template:National Heritage List for England — the template used for generating a formatted citation containing the targeted external link. Historic England.org: National Heritage List for England
St Mary's Church, Garthorpe
St Mary's Church is a redundant Church of England parish church in the village of Garthorpe, England. The building is Grade I listed, it has been in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust since 1 November 1999. The oldest fabric in the church is early 13th-century the Norman south arcade; the north arcade is later. The aisles and chancel were altered in the 14th century. In the 15th century the clerestory and west tower were added; the church was restored by J Day of Leicester in 1895–96. In recent years it has been noted that the north wall of the north aisle is leaning outwards and that cracks are present in that wall and elsewhere in the church; these are being monitored, in 2009 the Churches Conservation Trust decided to underpin the wall of the north aisle. The body of the church is ironstone but the clerestory and west tower are limestone; the roofs are leaded. The plan comprises a nave with a clerestory and south aisles, a south porch, a chancel, a west tower; the tower has diagonal buttresses.
In the lowest stage is a double lancet window on the west side, the middle stage has two quatrefoil windows on the south, in the top stage are double lancet bell openings with ogee heads on each side. Around the top of the tower is a frieze decorated with lozenges, four gargoyles, a crenellated parapet, four corner pinnacles; the clerestory is in three bays, on its eastern gable is a cross. On its north face is one double lancet window, on the south side there are three similar windows; the north aisle is in two unequal-sized bays. In its west wall is a double lancet window, on the north side is a double lancet window with Decorated tracery, in the east wall is another lancet with similar tracery; the chancel is in two bays, has a cross on its east gable. The east window is a triple lancet. On the south side is a triple lancet window; the south aisle is in three bays. In its east and west walls are triple lancet windows, there is a double lancet on the south side; the south porch has a gable with a cross.
The south arcade is Norman and the north is Transitional. The rest of the building is Gothic, with the west tower being Perpendicular Gothic. Both arcades have round-headed arches; the piers of the south arcade are circular, but those of the later north arcade are octagonal. Windows in the north aisle contain roundels of 14th-century stained glass. At the east end of the south aisle are an aumbry. In the north wall of the chancel is a tomb recess over, an aumbry under a crocketted ogee-headed canopy. In the south wall is another 13th-century piscina, a seat in a window recess; the east window has 19th-century stained glass. The Perpendicular style reredos, the stalls and desks are all 19th-century Gothic Revival; the round font is 17th-century. The oak pulpit and an octagonal font were made by Rev W Thorold in 1899. In the church are 19th-century donation and Commandments boards, the Royal coat of arms of George III, monuments including three brasses; the west tower has a ring of three bells. Thomas II Newcombe of Leicester cast the treble bell in about 1580.
Henry II Oldfield of Nottingham cast the tenor bell in 1600 and the second bell in 1608. The treble bell is damaged and the bells are unringable. In the churchyard southeast of the church is a late 19th-century brass sundial mounted on a re-used 15th-century pinnacle, it is a Grade II listed structure. Grade I listed buildings in Leicestershire List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in the English Midlands Pevsner, Nikolaus; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 160–161. "Garthorpe Church St Mary's". Leicestershire & Rutland churches