Gary is a city in Lake County, United States, 25 miles from downtown Chicago, Illinois. Gary borders southern Lake Michigan. Gary was named after lawyer Elbert Henry Gary, the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation; the city is known for its large steel mills, as the birthplace of the Jackson 5 music group. The population of Gary was 80,294 at the 2010 census, making it the ninth-largest city in the state of Indiana, it was a prosperous city from the 1920s through the mid-1960s due to its booming steel industry, but overseas competition and restructuring of the steel industry resulted in a decline and a severe loss of jobs. Since the late 1960s, Gary has suffered drastic population loss, falling by 55 percent from its peak of 178,320 in 1960; the city faces the difficulties of many Rust Belt cities, including unemployment, decaying infrastructure, low literacy and educational attainment levels. It is estimated that nearly one-third of all houses in the city are abandoned. Gary, was founded in 1906 by the United States Steel Corporation as the home for its new plant, Gary Works.
The city was named after lawyer Elbert Henry Gary, the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation. Gary was the site of civil unrest in the steel strike of 1919. On October 4, 1919, a riot broke out on Broadway, the main north-south street through downtown Gary, between striking steel workers and strike breakers brought in from outside. Three days Indiana governor James P. Goodrich declared martial law. Shortly thereafter, over 4,000 federal troops under the command of Major General Leonard Wood arrived to restore order; the jobs offered by the steel industry provided Gary with rapid growth and a diverse population within the first 26 years of its founding. According to the 1920 United States Census, 29.7% of Gary's population at the time was classified as foreign-born from eastern European countries, with another 30.8% classified as native-born with at least one foreign-born parent. By the 1930 United States Census, the first census in which Gary's population exceeded 100,000, the city was the fifth largest in Indiana and comparable in size to South Bend, Fort Wayne, Evansville.
At that time, 19.3% of the population was classified as foreign-born, with another 25.9% as native-born with at least one foreign-born parent. In addition to white internal migrants, Gary had attracted numerous African-American migrants from the South in the Great Migration, 17.8% of the population was classified as black. 3.5% was classified as Mexican. Gary's fortunes have fallen with those of the steel industry; the growth of the steel industry brought prosperity to the community. Broadway was known as a commercial center for the region. Department stores and architecturally significant movie houses were built in the downtown area and the Glen Park neighborhood. In the 1960s, like many other American urban centers reliant on one particular industry, Gary entered a spiral of decline. Gary's decline was brought on by the growing overseas competitiveness in the steel industry, which had caused U. S. Steel to lay off many workers from the Gary area; the U. S. Steel Gary Works employed over 30,000 in 1970, declined to just 6,000 by 1990, further declined to 5,100 in August 2015.
Attempts to shore up the city's economy with major construction projects, such as a Holiday Inn hotel and the Genesis Convention Center, failed to reverse the decline. Rapid racial change occurred in Gary during the late 20th century; these population changes resulted in political change which reflected the racial demographics of Gary: the non-white share of the city's population increased from 21% in 1930, 39% in 1960, to 53% in 1970. Non-whites were restricted to live in the Midtown section just south of downtown. Gary had one of the nation's first African-American mayors, Richard G. Hatcher, hosted the ground-breaking 1972 National Black Political Convention. Since the 1930s, Gary had developed a reputation as a tough city due to rampant political corruption, racial violence & segregation, labor unrest, industrial pollution. In the 1960s through the 1980s, surrounding suburban localities such as Merrillville, Crown Point and Valparaiso experienced rapid growth, including new homes and shopping districts.
Owing to white flight, economic distress, a perception of skyrocketing crime, many middle-class and affluent residents moved to other cities in the metro area. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Gary had the highest percentage of African-Americans of U. S. cities with a population of 100,000 or more, 84%. This no longer applies to Gary since the population of the city has now fallen well below 100,000 residents; as of 2013, the Gary Department of Redevelopment has estimated that one-third of all homes in the city are unoccupied and/or abandoned. U. S. Steel continues to be a major steel producer, but with only a fraction of its former level of employment. While Gary has failed to reestablish a manufacturing base since its population peak, two casinos opened along the Gary lakeshore in the 1990s, although this has been aggravated by the state closing of Cline Avenue, an important access to the area. Today, Gary faces the difficulties of a Rust Belt city, including unemployment, decaying infrastructure, low literacy and educational attainment levels.
Gary has closed several of its schools within the last ten years. While some of the school buildings have been reused, most remain unused since their closing; as of 2014, Gary is consid
Gary, West Virginia
Gary is a city located along the Tug Fork River in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States. According to the 2010 census, the city had a population of 968, it was named for Elbert Henry Gary, one of the founders of U. S. Steel; the former coal towns of Elbert, Filbert and Wilcoe became part of Gary at the time of its incorporation in 1971. In 1902, U. S. Steel began housing people in Gary Hollow for employment at one of the coal town's fourteen mines that produced metallurgical coal. During the early 1940s, Gary Hollow, named for Elbert Henry Gary, produced around a quarter of the amount of coal mined from McDowell County, as well as a quarter of the coal used by U. S. Steel during World War II. At the time, the town boasted a large number of African American miners, began integrate the school system in the 1950s. However, Gary Hollow's education system was not integrated until 1964. On July 1, 1971, the city of Gary was incorporated after the city held an election on March 16, 1970. Beginning in the 1970s, Gary's unemployment rate began to increase after most of the high-quality metallurgical coal had been mined.
In March 1982 alone, around 550 miners employed by U. S. Steel in the town were laid off. By the end of 1982, all U. S. Steel mines located in Gary were closed. Former mayor, Charles Hodge claimed that U. S. Steel failed to make an effort help the city. In March 1983, the unemployment rate rose to the highest of any town in the United States. Four years Gary Enterprise reopened one of the mines after purchasing it from U. S. Steel, other companies arranged sub-leases to mine the remaining coal, accessible. In 1990, Gary only had 180 mining jobs. Two years the now demolished U. S. Coal and Coke Company Store at Ream was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In July 2003, U. S. Steel announced. According to the United States Census Bureau, Gary has a total area of 0.87 square miles, of which, 0.84 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. Gary has a railway station on the Norfolk Southern Railway network; as of the census of 2010, there were 968 people, 391 households, 244 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,152.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 536 housing units at an average density of 638.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.8% White, 27.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population. There were 391 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.6% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age in the city was 52.4 years. 16.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.2% male and 53.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 917 people, 420 households, 260 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,024.0 people per square mile. There were 542 housing units at an average density of 605.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.40% White, 35.55% African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population. There were 420 households out of which 17.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.9% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.77. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 18.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, 32.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,857, the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $17,019 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,233. About 24.2% of families and 30.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58.2% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over. Johnny Bero, professional baseball player. Coalfields of the Appalachian Mountains – Gary, WV
The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. They and their contemporaries, the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers, were the last all-gun cruisers built for the U. S. Navy. Ten ships were planned for this class; the main battery layout was distinctive, with twin rather than triple turrets, unlike the previous Cleveland-class, St. Louis-class, Brooklyn-class light cruisers. Aside from the Worcesters main battery consisting of 6 in rather than 5 in guns, the layout was identical to the much smaller Juneau-class light cruisers, carrying 12 guns in six turrets, three forward and three aft, with only turrets 3 and 4 superfiring; the 6"/47 Mk 16 gun was an autoloading, high-angle dual purpose gun with a high rate of fire, the Worcesters were thus designed to serve as AA cruisers like the Juneaus but with much more potent guns, as well as conventional light cruisers. Both ships were decommissioned in 1958, the last conventional light cruisers to serve in the fleet, scrapped in the early 1970s.
Minotaur-class cruiser, a Royal Navy design similar in concept. Global Security.org - Worcester class cruiser Global Security.org - Worcester class cruiser specifications
Camp Gary was the United States military installation, redeveloped into the San Marcos Municipal Airport and the Gary Job Corps Center, the largest in the nation. San Marcos Army Air Field was a Texas World War II Army airfield; the facility was acquired in June 1942 by the War Department, site preparation commenced, along with the construction of streets and drainage culverts. The construction cost was about five million dollars; the planned base consisted of administrative buildings, barracks, mess halls, various recreation facilities. The embryonic army airfield received its first commander in September 1942, when Lieutenant Colonel J. B. Olson was placed in charge of the facility until it was completed. By the end of November 1942, enough of the basic construction had taken place that the U. S. flag was raised for the first time over the airfield. Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Hutchinson was designated as the new commanding officer at that time. San Marcos Field was activated on December 15, 1942.
Construction work continued and an administrative staff was assigned by February 1943. The first class of students was formed at the field in late February, new classes started the school every three weeks thereafter. Construction of the new base took about a year to complete, the first class of students for navigator training began in June 1943; the 80th Flying Training Wing was activated on 25 August 1943.</ref> The navigation school consisted of eighteen weeks, each student was instructed in four methods of navigation: radio, dead reckoning and celestial. During the course of World War II, the navigation school trained about 10,000 students; the school was closed in September 1945 when all USAAF navigator training was consolidated at Ellington Field near Houston. San Marcos Field was reactivated May 1946 by Army Air Forces Flying Training Command when the USAAF helicopter and liaison school was transferred there from Sheppard Field, near Wichita Falls; the 3585th Pilot Training Wing was activated as the Operational Training Unit on 25 August 1948 until inactivated on 1 March 1949, helicopter training moved to Waco Air Force Base.
San Marcos Field was inactive from 31 March 1949 until 15 January 1951. San Marcos Air Force Base was designated on 1 February 1951 under Air Training Command when the 3585th Pilot Training Wing and 3586th Tech Tng Sq reactivated for the return of helicopter and liaison flight training Helicopter and Liaison mechanics' training moved to the base from Sheppard AFB, San Marcos had 5000 assigned and was the largest helicopter and Liaison training facility in the United States. Gary Air Force Base was named on 10 May 1953 for Lieutenant Arthur Edward Gary, the first Hays County, soldier killed in World War II—and the name was expanded to Edward Gary Air Force Base on 1 September 1955. USAF flying training ended on 14 December 56. Camp Gary was the installation name after transferring to the Department of the Army on 15 December 1956. A civilian contractor trained pilots for fixed wing aircraft until the summer of 1959, the base was closed in 1963. On 20 November 1964, President Johnson announced that the abandoned Camp Gary would be used as a Job Corps facility.
Shaw, Frederick J. Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004. Thole, Forgotten Fields of America: World War II Bases and Training and Now - Vol. 2. Publisher: Pictorial Histories Pub, ISBN 1-57510-051-7
USS Gary (FFG-51)
USS Gary was an Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate in the United States Navy. She was named for Medal of Honor recipient Commander Donald A. Gary. Gary was laid down on 18 December 1982 at Todd Pacific Shipyards, Los Angeles Division, San Pedro, California. Gary, Mrs. Joyce Leamer, the late Medal of Honor recipient's niece; the Gary was decommissioned from the US Navy on August 5, 2015 with the Taiwanese crew taking possession on March 13, 2017, arrived at the ROCN Zyoying Naval Base on May 13. She was formally commissioned into ROCN as the ROCS Feng Jia on November 8, 2018. Gary is the forty-fifth ship of the Oliver Hazard Perry-class of guided missile frigates; these ships were built to provide air and sub-surface protection for underway replenishment groups, amphibious groups and other military and merchant shipping. While a capable surface combatant in these traditional warfare areas, Gary's role has expanded from that of the early 1980s to meet the threats and contingencies of the 21st century.
Being the smallest multi-mission surface combatant in the U. S. Navy, Gary's shallow draft gives her an advantage over larger cruisers and destroyers in the littoral operations that have characterized recent conflicts. Gary's engineering plant is computer controlled and monitored, reducing the number of watchstanders required in the engineering spaces themselves. Two marine gas turbine engines provide propulsion. Digital electronic logic circuits and remotely operated valves are monitored in a central control station and make Gary capable of getting ready to get underway in less than ten minutes rather than the eight hours required by steam-powered ships. One of the U. S. Navy's premiere anti-submarine warfare platforms, Gary deploys for bi-lateral ASW exercises and real-world contingency operations in the western Pacific and Indian Oceans. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, she displayed her versatility, deploying to the Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Aden and Red Sea, conducting carrier escort and air defense, intelligence gathering and presence missions, terrorist interdiction operations, rescue at sea and escorted dozens of merchant and military supply ships through the Strait of Hormuz and Bab-el-Mandeb strait.
From 1999 to 2007, Gary was forward-deployed to Yokosuka, Japan, as part of the United States Seventh Fleet. During 2007, Gary completed a hull-swap/crew-swap with McCampbell and is now home-ported at Naval Station, San Diego. An Iranian mine damaged guided missile frigate Samuel B. Roberts in the Persian Gulf on 14 April 1988. On 18 April the U. S. launched retaliatory Operation Praying Mantis against the Iranian-occupied Rakhsh, Sīrrī-D oil platforms. As the Task Unit Commander of joint forces in the Northern Persian Gulf, Gary coordinated her efforts with naval, Air Force and Army aircraft as well as special operations boat units while protecting Mobile Sea Bases Hercules and Wimbrown VII during the fighting, she claimed to have shot down a Silkworm missile, but this was never credited nor was she commended for her actions due to political reasons at that time. While aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk, guided missile destroyer Curtis Wilbur, Gary, with an embarked an SH-60B Seahawk of Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 51 Detachment 5, passed through the Strait of Malacca, en route to the Indian Ocean, on 7 October 2001, they rescued five Indonesian fishermen from their sinking 40-foot fishing vessel.
On 13 March 2003, with an SH-60B of HSL-51 embarked, assisted in the rescue of all eight Iraqi fishermen from dhow Kaptain Muhamadat when she lost steerage and propulsion in heavy seas and capsized 20 miles south of the Iranian coast. On 9 February 2007 Gary docked at the Cambodian port of Sihanoukville, it is the first time since the Vietnam War. In the summers of 2012 and 2014, Gary took part in the largest Rim of the Pacific multi-national naval exercise including 23 nations and over 40 ships. While Gary, with a Coast Guard law enforcement detachment team embarked, deployed for Operation Martillo, a counter-narcotics patrol, in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, she intercepted a suspicious vessel on 4 January 2013; the Coast Guardsmen and Sailors from the ship's "visit, board and seizure" team boarded the suspected smuggler and seized 600 pounds of cocaine with an estimated street value of $22 million. "This was one of those vessels we were chasing in the dark," Leatrice Daniels, Gary's embarked Naval Criminal Investigative Service agent explained, "There was great open communication with everybody involved.
Everything just flowed, from pursuit to initial contact and boarding." The investigators sank her. This case concluded a hectic week in which Gary's crewmembers and Coast Guardsmen boarded three boats, disrupting more than 2,000 pounds of cocaine destined for the United States with a street value of $272 million. On the night of 8 January 2013, Gary encountered a small vessel loaded with cargo; the boat displayed several indicators that she was involved in illicit trafficking, the VBSS team and the Coast Guardsmen boarded the vessel. While they searched the boat, she suffered a temporary steering casualty, rendering her dangerous to operate. Gary rigged a tow until the Americans and the mariners restored the boat's steering; the intervening time enabled the boarders to complete their search and they failed to discover any narcotics on board, the vessel resumed her voyage tw
Kang Hee-gun, better known by his stage name Gary, is a South Korean rapper, record producer and television personality. Besides a solo artist, he is the rapper and lyricist of the former hip hop duo Leessang. Since their formation in 2002, the group has produced a total of eight albums and had several hits under their belt. In 2014, Gary made his debut as a solo artist with the mini-album Mr. Gae. Despite the album being banned by all major TV broadcast stations for its 19+ content, his songs still managed to top several charts, he and long time collaborator Jung-in went on to form the duo, Jung In & Gary. The two released the singles "Your Scent" and "Bicycle."Aside from his own work, Gary has been featured in works by famous artists such as Psy, Baek Ji-young, Lee Hyori, Dynamic Duo, MC Mong. He is a former cast member of the variety show Running Man. Gary was born on February 24, 1978, his nickname in middle school was "Gae", which he adapted to become his stage name, after deciding between "gaemi" and "Gary".
In his younger years, he was more interested in dancing than rapping. Gary revealed that he participated in a dance competition and won, defeating other competitors, Jang Woo Hyuk and Moon Hee Jun, who became members of H. O. T. Lee Soo Man scouted all three boys, offered them a contract to SM Entertainment. Gary rejected the offer. Gary trained as a bodyguard, he was an amateur boxer for 10 years. In 1997, Gary joined a hip-hop group where he met his future Leessang partner, Gil. Gary participated in the group's album release in 1998 before being dropped along with Gil. In an interview, Gary said they had neither the talent which made them quit the group. Afterwards and Gil ended up joining "Honey Family" and released two albums in 1999 and 2000. Gary took part of the responsibility for the break up of the group by stating that he "started feeling like a celebrity" after their initial success. Gary and fellow Honey Family member Diggity decided to form "Leessam Trio", they released a compilation album called 2000 Korea, in the year 2000.
When Diggity left the group and Gil changed the name to LeeSsang. Leessang was created in 2002 by Gil. So far, the group has produced eight albums with numerous hits. Although the duo achieve critical success from their earlier albums, they remained underground, their last three albums, Asura Balbalta, Unplugged broke numerous records and guided their entry to the mainstream Korean music industry. The title song from Asura Balbalta, "Turn Off the TV" managed to stay at the top of the Melon chart for 25 days in a row. In January 2014, he released a mini album, Mr. Gae. Three major TV broadcast stations, MBC, KBS, SBS, all deemed the album unfitting for broadcast, stating reasons such as explicit lyrics and being too sexually provocative. Despite the ban, Gary‘s title track “Shower Later” clenched the number 1 spot on 8 real-time music charts. Gary commented on the ban saying that he felt confined by his image and wanted to break the mold. In May 2014, Gary and Jung-in released their first collaboration "Your Scent."
The lyrics was penned by Gary while Jung-In and Duble Sidekick produced the music. Despite not having any live promotions and Jung-In took the win on June 7 Music Core. In a testament to its popularity, the Gaon Chart ranked the single #6 on the year end national digital single ranking; the two released their second collaboration "Bicycle" in September 2014. In September 2015, Gary released his second solo album, 2002; the title track of the album is "Get Some Air" featuring Mi-woo of Leessang Company. Several other tracks in this album featured Koonta, Skull, Jay Park, DJ Pumkin, Park Myung-ho Double K, Don Mills, Jung-in, John Park and Young-jun of Brown Eyed Souls. In January 2016, Gary released a single, "Lonely Night" featuring Gaeko of Dynamic Duo. A music video was released on the same day, featuring actress and fellow castmate of Running Man, Song Ji-hyo. Gary was nominated as a no.1 candidate on SBS Inkigayo on January 10, 2016 and subsequently won the award. In 2010, Gary joined Running Man as a co-host, an urban variety show, along with 6 other original cast members, including Yoo Jae-suk, Haha, Ji Suk-jin, Kim Jong-kook, Lee Kwang-soo and Song Joong-ki while the only female member, Song Ji-hyo, joined the cast a few episodes afterward.
In October 2016, the producers of Running Man announced the departure of Gary, who wanted to focus on his music career after being a regular member for nearly 7 years. His last filming with the main cast was for episode 324. However, he made a brief return in the following episode 325 as a guest. In January 2017, Gary appeared for Member's Week on episode 336. On April 5, 2017, Gary revealed on his social media account that he had married a non-celebrity woman; the news of his sudden marriage shocked the fans. On November 17, 2017, Gary and his wife welcomed their first child. Mr. Gae 2002 "Your Scent" with Jung-in "Bicycle" with Jung-in "Lonely Night" with Gaeko "Mei Guan Xi" "Worry" "Sun" with Chancellor Kang Gary on Twitter
The'Gary' mango is a named mango cultivar that originated in south Florida. Gary was a seedling of the Carrie mango, it was named after nursery owner Gary Zill. This continued a tradition of mangoes named after members of the Zill family, which include the Zill and Carrie cultivars as well; the Gary has been sold as a nursery stock tree in Florida. Gary trees are planted in the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park in Homestead, Florida; the fruit is of ovoid shape and has yellow skin. List of mango cultivars