Jason Douglas is an American actor and voice actor, known as Tobin on AMC's The Walking Dead, as the voice of Beerus in the anime series Dragon Ball Super and Krieg in the video game Borderlands 2. Douglas is noted for his appearances in films, including Sin City, Two Step and No Country for Old Men as well as recurring and guest appearances on hit TV shows such as The Leftovers, Breaking Bad and The Night Shift. In addition to the role of Beerus in the Dragon Ball franchise, his prolific voice acting career includes roles in My Hero Academia, RWBY, Attack on Titan, One Piece, Fairy Tail, Psycho-Pass and Parasyte. A Scanner Darkly – New Path Farm Manager Machete – Patrolman #1 No Country for Old Men – Cabbie at Motel Planet Terror – Lewis Premonition – E. R. Doctor Secondhand Lions – Helper Sin City – Stan The Bracelet of Bordeaux – Scummy Clerk The Librarian: Curse of the Judas Chalice – Ivan Two Step – Duane Breaking Bad – Detective Munn Chase – Norwood Hayes Friday Night Lights – Buck Into the West – Tom Cooper Nashville – Dashell Brinks Preacher – Satan Prison Break – Patrolman Revolution – Garrett Star-Crossed – Nox The Good Guys – Lucas O'Neill The Leftovers – Jed The Lost Room – Anthony The Night Shift – Mr. Harrison The Walking Dead – Tobin Thief – Officer Charles RWBY – Jacques Schnee Appleseed – Edward Uranus III Dragon Ball Super: Broly – Beerus, King Cold Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods – Beerus Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection'F' – Beerus Fullmetal Alchemist the Movie: Conqueror of Shamballa – Rudolf Hess Mass Effect: Paragon Lost – Archuk One Piece: Film Z – Aokiji Short Peace – Man Tales of Vesperia: The First Strike – Alexei Vexille – Saito Aliens: Colonial Marines – Cruz Borderlands 2 – Psycho, Krieg Deus Ex: Invisible War – Sid Black Dragon Ball FighterZ – Beerus Dragon Ball Legends – Beerus Dragon Ball Xenoverse – Beerus Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2 – Beerus Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Z – Beerus Dragon Ball Z: Ultimate Tenkaichi – Hero Duke Nukem Forever – Generic Male Voices Prominence – ren Keterek Smite – Ares, Dark Whisperer Ah Muzen Cab Unlimited Saga – Nuage / Dagle Bos Jason Douglas on IMDb Jason Douglas at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Zaibatsu is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of World War II. They were succeeded by the Keiretsu in the second half of the 20th century; the term "zaibatsu" was coined in 19th century Japan from the Sino-Japanese roots zai 財 and batsu 閥. Although zaibatsu themselves existed from the 19th century, the term was not in common use until after World War I. By definition, the zaibatsu were large family-controlled vertical monopolies consisting of a holding company on top, with a wholly owned banking subsidiary providing finance, several industrial subsidiaries dominating specific sectors of a market, either or through a number of subsidiary companies; the zaibatsu were the heart of economic and industrial activity within the Empire of Japan, held great influence over Japanese national and foreign policies. The Rikken Seiyūkai political party was regarded as an extension of the Mitsui group, which had strong connections with the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Rikken Minseitō was connected to the Mitsubishi group, as was the Imperial Japanese Navy. By the start of World War II, the Big Four zaibatsu alone had direct control over more than 30% of Japan's mining and metals industries and 50% control of the machinery and equipment market, a significant part of the foreign commercial merchant fleet and 70% of the commercial stock exchange; the zaibatsu were viewed with suspicion by both the right and left of the political spectrum in the 1920s and 1930s. Although the world was in the throes of a worldwide economic depression, the zaibatsu were prospering through currency speculation, maintenance of low labour costs and on military procurement. Matters came to a head in the League of Blood Incident of March 1932, with the assassination of the managing director of Mitsui, after which the zaibatsu attempted to improve on their public image through increased charity work; the "Big Four" zaibatsu of, in chronological order of founding, Mitsui and Yasuda are the most significant zaibatsu groups.
Two of them and Mitsui, have roots in the Edo period while Mitsubishi and Yasuda trace their origins to the Meiji Restoration. Throughout Meiji to Shōwa, the government employed their financial powers and expertise for various endeavors, including tax collection, military procurement and foreign trade. Beyond the Big Four, consensus is lacking as to which companies can be called zaibatsu, which cannot. After the Russo-Japanese War, a number of so-called "second-tier" zaibatsu emerged as the result of business conglomerations and/or the award of lucrative military contracts; some more famous second-tier zaibatsu included the Okura and Nakajima groups, among several others. The early zaibatsu permitted some public shareholding of some subsidiary companies, but never of the top holding company or key subsidiaries; the monopolistic business practices by the zaibatsu resulted in a closed circle of companies until Japanese industrial expansion on the Asian mainland began in the 1930s, which allowed for the rise of a number of new groups, including Nissan.
These new zaibatsu differed from the traditional zaibatsu only in that they were not controlled by specific families, not in terms of business practices. The zaibatsu had been viewed with some ambivalence by the Japanese military, which nationalized a significant portion of their production capability during World War II. Remaining assets were highly damaged by the destruction during the war. Under the Allied occupation after the surrender of Japan, a successful attempt was made to dissolve the zaibatsu. Many of the economic advisors accompanying the SCAP administration had experience with the New Deal program under the American President and were suspicious of monopolies and restrictive business practices, which they felt to be both inefficient, to be a form of corporatocracy. During the occupation of Japan, sixteen zaibatsu were targeted for complete dissolution, twenty-six more for reorganization after dissolution. Among the zaibatsu that were targeted for dissolution in 1947 were Asano, Nakajima, Nissan and Okura.
In addition, Yasuda dissolved itself in 1946. The controlling families' assets were seized, holding companies eliminated, interlocking directorships, essential to the old system of inter-company coordination, were outlawed. Matsushita, while not a zaibatsu, was also targeted for breakup, but was saved by a petition signed by 15,000 of its union workers and their families. However, complete dissolution of the zaibatsu was never achieved because the U. S. government rescinded the orders in an effort to reindustrialize Japan as a bulwark against communism in Asia. Zaibatsu as a whole were considered to be beneficial to the Japanese economy and government, the opinions of the Japanese public, of the zaibatsu workers and management, of the entrenched bureaucracy regarding plans for zaibatsu dissolution ranged from unenthusiastic to disapproving. Additionally, the changing politics of the occupation during the reverse course served as a crippling, if not terminal, roadblock to zaibatsu elimination.
Today, the influence of the zaibatsu can still be seen in the form of financial groups and larger companies whose origins reach back to the original zaibatsu sharing the sa
A test pilot is an aircraft pilot with additional training to fly and evaluate experimental, newly produced and modified aircraft with specific manoeuvres known as flight test techniques. In the 1950s, test pilots were being killed at the rate of about one a week, but the risks have shrunk to a fraction of that due to the maturation of aircraft technology, better ground-testing and simulation of aircraft performance, fly-by-wire technology and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles to test experimental aircraft features. Still, piloting experimental aircraft remains more dangerous than most other types of flying. A test pilot must be able to: Understand a test plan. Communicate flight test observations to engineers and relate engineering results to the pilot community, thus bridging the gap between those who design and build aircraft with those who employ the aircraft to accomplish a mission. Test pilots must have an excellent knowledge of aeronautical engineering, in order to understand how and why planes are tested.
They must be above-average pilots with excellent analytical skills and the ability to fly whilst following a flight plan. Test pilots can be production test pilots. Modern test pilots receive formal training from highly-selective military test pilot schools, although other test pilots receive training and experience from civilian institutions and/or manufacturers' test pilot development programs. Test flying as a systematic activity started during the First World War, at the Royal Aircraft Establishment in the United Kingdom. An "Experimental Flight" was formed at the Central Flying School. During the 1920s, test flying was further developed by the RAE in the UK, by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in the United States. In the 1950s, NACA was transformed into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA. During these years, as work was done into aircraft stability and handling qualities, test flying evolved towards a more qualitative scientific profession. At the insistence of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the first American astronauts, the Mercury Seven, were all military test pilots, as were some of the astronauts.
The world's oldest test pilot school is what is now called the Empire Test Pilots' School, at RAF Boscombe Down in the UK. There are a number of similar establishments over the world. In America, the United States Air Force Test Pilot School is located at Edwards Air Force Base, the United States Naval Test Pilot School is located at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland and EPNER, the French test pilot school, is located in Istres, France; the only civilian school in the United States is the National Test Pilot School, a not-for-profit educational institute located in Mojave, California. In Russia, there is a Russian aviation industry Fedotov Test Pilot School located in Zhukovsky within the Gromov Flight Research Institute. Aircraft pilot List of test pilot schools The Right Stuff by Tom Wolfe List of Russian aviators Hallion, Richard P. Test Pilots: Frontiersmen of Flight. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Press, 1988. ISBN 978-0874745498 Warsitz, Lutz: THE FIRST JET PILOT - The Story of German Test Pilot Erich Warsitz and Sword Books Ltd.
England, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84415-818-8 The Society of Experimental Test Pilots Society of Flight Test Engineers Empire Test Pilots School, United Kingdom National Test Pilot School, California U. S. Air Force Test Pilot School, Edwards AFB, California U. S. Naval Test Pilot School, NAS Patuxent River, Maryland EPNER Fedotov Test Pilot School, Russia Memorial website for test pilots who died in flying accidents in the UK Flight list of display and test pilots at 1957 Farnborough air show Aerospace Engineering Test Establishment, Canadian Flight Test Centre Indian Air Force Test Pilots School, Bangalore The Scott Crossfield Foundation website on Erich Warsitz Official European test for pilots
Culture of Japan
The culture of Japan has changed over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia and North America. Strong 9,000 year old ancient Han Chinese cultural influences, including the 8,000 year old ancient Han Chinese writing script, are still evident in traditional Japanese culture as China had been a global superpower, which has resulted in Japan absorbing many elements of ancient Han Chinese culture first through what as the Imperial Chinese tributary vassal state of Korea later through direct cultural exchanges during China's Sui and Tang dynasties; the inhabitants of Japan experienced a long period of relative isolation from the outside world during the Tokugawa shogunate after Japanese missions to Imperial China, until the arrival of the "Black Ships" and the Meiji period. Today, the culture of Japan stands as one of the leading and most prominent cultures around the world due to the global reach of its popular culture.
Japanese is the primary language of Japan. Japanese has a lexically distinct pitch-accent system. Early Japanese is known on the basis of its state in the 8th century, when the three major works of Old Japanese were compiled; the earliest attestation of the Japanese language is in a Chinese document from 252 AD. Japanese is written with a combination of three scripts: hiragana, derived from the Chinese cursive script, derived as a shorthand from Chinese characters, kanji, imported from China; the Latin alphabet, rōmaji, is often used in modern Japanese for company names and logos and when inputting Japanese into a computer. The Hindu-Arabic numerals are used for numbers, but traditional Sino-Japanese numerals are very common. Shintoism and Buddhism are the primary religions of Japan, though a secular Christmas is widespread, minority Christian and Islamic communities exist. Shintoism is an ethnic religion that focuses on rituals. In Shintoism, followers believe that kami, a Shinto deity or spirit, are present throughout nature, including rocks and mountains.
Humans can be considered to possess a kami. One of the goals of Shintoism is to maintain a connection between humans and kami; the religion developed in Japan prior to the sixth century CE, after which point followers built shrines to worship kami. Buddhism developed in India around the 6th and 4th centuries BCE and spread through China and Korea, it arrived in Japan during the 6th century CE, where it was unpopular. Most Japanese people were unable to understand the difficult philosophical messages present in Buddhism, however they did have an appreciation for the religion's art, believed to have led to the religion growing more popular. Buddhism is concerned with the life after dying. In the religion a person's status was unimportant, as every person would get sick, die, be reincarnated into a new life, a cycle called saṃsāra; the suffering people experienced during life was one way for people to gain a better future. The ultimate goal was to escape the cycle of rebirth by attaining true insight.
The Japanese "national character" has been written about under the term Nihonjinron meaning "theories/discussions about the Japanese people" and referring to texts on matters that are the concerns of sociology, history and philosophy, but emphasizing the authors' assumptions or perceptions of Japanese exceptionalism. Early works of Japanese literature were influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature written in Classical Chinese. Japanese literature developed into a separate style in its own right as Japanese writers began writing their own works about Japan. Since Japan reopened its ports to Western trading and diplomacy in the 19th century and Eastern literature have affected each other and continue to do so; the flowing, brush-drawn Japanese rendering of text itself is seen as a traditional art form as well as a means of conveying written information. The written work can consist of phrases, stories, or single characters; the style and format of the writing can mimic the subject matter to the point of texture and stroke speed.
In some cases, it can take over one hundred attempts to produce the desired effect of a single character but the process of creating the work is considered as much an art as the end product itself. This calligraphy form is known as'shodō' which means'the way of writing or calligraphy' or more known as'shūji"learning how to write characters'. Confused with calligraphy is the art form known as'sumi-e' meaning'ink painting', the art of painting a scene or object. Painting has been an art in Japan for a long time: the brush is a traditional writing and painting tool, the extension of that to its use as an artist's tool was natural. Japanese painters are categorized by what they painted, as most of them constrained themselves to subjects such as animals, landscapes, or figures. Chinese papermaking was introduced to Japan around the 7th century. Washi was developed from it. Native Japanese painting techniques are still in use today, as well as techniques adopted from continental Asia and from the West.
Schools of painting such as the Kano school of the 16th century became known for their bold brush strokes and contrast between light and dark after Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu
Mami Kingetsu is a Japanese voice actress and singer from Akashi, Hyōgo. She is affiliated with Aoni Production, her major roles in anime include Elena in Gun Sword, Izumi Himuro in Princess Nine, Nagisa Shiozaki in If I See You In My Dreams, Misao Aki in Peach Girl and Miss Merry Christmas in One Piece. In video games she is the voice of Shiori Fujisaki, a regular heroine lead in the Tokimeki Memorial series. AlbumsTokimeki Catchy Summer Break K-Brand Touch and Go From the Bests Hibiscus Vintage Love Clue Rainbow Compilation albumsTakamono Official agency profile Mami Kingetsu at Oricon Mami Kingetsu at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Monica Jean Rial is an American voice actress, ADR director and script writer affiliated with Funimation and Seraphim Digital/Sentai Filmworks. She provides voices for English language versions of Japanese anime films and television series. Monica Jean Rial was born on October 1975 in Houston, Texas, her father is from Pontevedra, Spain. When she was young, her family would visit Spain, she would translate for her younger brother some of the European Spanish-dubbed cartoons which included anime shows Doraemon and Dragon Ball Z imitating the various characters. Rial studied ballet and jazz, but transitioned to musical theatre when was 12, she studied acting through high school as well as college at the University of Houston. In an interview with Otaku News, Rial mentioned voice actor inspirations from The Simpsons, Family Guy and Beavis and Butt-head, she was working on a theatre show with Jason Douglas. Her first voice-over role was some walla in the 1999 dub of Martian Successor Nadesico. In an interview with Otaku News, Rial said she had to talk for two minutes straight as folks in a crowd telling the Jovians to go home.
She would land main character roles as Miharu in Gasaraki, Natsume in Generator Gawl, the title character in ADV Films' production of Hello Kitty's Animation Theater, the last of, one of ADV's best-selling DVDs. In 2001, she voiced Izumi in the baseball anime Princess Nine and in 2002, she got to voice Hyatt in Excel Saga, which she listed among her absolute favorites. In 2003, Rial voiced best-friend character Kyoko Tokiwa in Full Metal Panic!, got to reprise her for Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu and Full Metal Panic: The Second Raid. In the same year, Rial voiced the quiet assassin partner in Noir. Rial said that Kirika was challenging because she had few words but had to convey a lot of emotions, she noted that Kirika's personality changed over the course of the series, so she voiced her to be more emotional in episodes which drew some criticism from fans. She voiced Lila in Najica Blitz Tactics where she got to do a DVD commentary along with fellow actress Kira Vincent-Davis; the commentaries have become popular as she receives feedback from fans about them at anime conventions.
She voiced female protagonist Haruka Shitou in the sci-fi show RahXephon. In 2004, Rial started voice-over work with the anime dubbing company Funimation in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area. During that year, she voiced Amy in the long-running detective anime series Case Closed, Lyra in the drama series Fullmetal Alchemist. Both of these shows were featured on Cartoon Network, she voiced co-lead character Lumiere in Kiddy Grade. Meanwhile, with ADV, she voiced Nyamo-sensei in the school comedy Azumanga Daioh, she had taken over some character roles as Momiji in Blue Seed and Maya in Neon Genesis Evangelion. Rial said that it was difficult to try to sound like the previous voice actors Maya's low voice, so she tried her own approach, she got to voice Pen-Pen the penguin in Evangelion. In 2005, she voiced the serious lead character Jo in a team of mercenary girls in the cyberpunk science fiction series Burst Angel. Rial continued to land leading roles in anime shows. In 2006, she voiced the title character in Nanaka 6/17, about a 17-year-old girl who, through an accident, has amnesia and regresses to her 6-year-old self.
In Speed Grapher she voiced female protagonist Kagura Tennōzu, in the ADV Films remake of Macross, she voiced Misa Hayase. In 2007, she voiced Sakura in the English anime adaptation of Clamp's Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle, she voiced lead characters Misao Shinohara, Sasami's best friend in Sasami: Magical Girls Club. In 2010, when Dragon Ball Z was remade as Dragon Ball Z Kai, Rial got to voice the heroine character Bulma, she voiced other lead girl characters such as Miya Asami in Sekirei, Tsubaki Nakatsukasa in Soul Eater, May Chang in Fullmetal Alchemist Brotherhood, Ringo in Casshern Sins. Both Soul Eater and Fullmetal Alchemist Brotherhood have had sizeable runs on Adult Swim's Toonami block. In 2011, she voiced the title character Mina Tepes in Dance in the Vampire Bund, as well as several lead female characters in ensemble shows Rosario + Vampire, Highschool of the Dead and Fairy Tail, such as Yukari Sendou, Shizuka Marikawa, Mirajane Strauss respectively. Rial voiced more leads in 2012 with Shiro in Deadman Wonderland which broadcast on Adult Swim, Stocking in the raunchy comedy Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt.
In 2013, she voiced the heroine character Haruko Amaya in the harem comedy Maken-ki! and Iori Nagase in the school anime series Kokoro Connect. With regards to her lead role of Michiko Malandro in Michiko & Hatchin, released on DVD in 2013 and was broadcast on Adult Swim in 2015, Rial said that out of the 300 or so characters she had voiced, only two of them were Hispanic, she liked that her character wasn't a stereotype. In 2014 and 2015, she voiced the title characters in the comedies Watamote and Maid Sama! as Tomoko Kuroki and Misaki Ayuzawa, respectively. In addition to voice acting, Rial has been involved in ADR script writing, with work in the English dubs for D. N. Angel and Gatchaman. In an interview with Active Anime, Rial said she would "take the direct translation and write it into a coherent scene that matches the lip flaps". At anime conventions, Rial has mentioned that ADR script writing has kept her quite occupied with simuldubs, which are shows that are locally dubbed soon after the original broadcast.
She has written co
Japan Self-Defense Forces
The Japan Self-Defense Forces, JSDF referred to as the Self-Defense Forces, Japan Defense Forces, or the Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, are controlled by the Ministry of Defense. The JSDF ranked as the world's fifth most-powerful military in conventional capabilities in a Credit Suisse report in 2015 and it has the world's eighth-largest military budget. In recent years they have been engaged in international peacekeeping operations including UN peacekeeping. Recent tensions with North Korea, have reignited the debate over the status of the JSDF and its relation to Japanese society. New military guidelines, announced in December 2010, will direct the JSDF away from its Cold War focus on the former Soviet Union to a focus on China regarding the territorial dispute over the Senkaku Islands, while increasing cooperation with the United States, United Kingdom, South Korea and Australia. Deprived of any military capability after being defeated by the Allies in World War II and signing a surrender agreement presented by General Douglas MacArthur in 1945, Japan had only the U.
S. occupation forces and a minor domestic police force on. Rising Cold War tensions in Europe and Asia, coupled with leftist-inspired strikes and demonstrations in Japan, prompted some conservative leaders to question the unilateral renunciation of all military capabilities; these sentiments were intensified in 1950 as occupation troops began to be moved to the Korean War theater. This left Japan defenseless and much aware of the need to enter into a mutual defense relationship with the United States to guarantee the nation's external security. Encouraged by the American occupation authorities, the Japanese government in July 1950 authorized the establishment of a National Police Reserve, consisting of 75,000 men equipped with light infantry weapons. In 1952, Coastal Safety Force, the waterborne counterpart of NPR, was founded. Under the terms of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, United States forces stationed in Japan were to deal with external aggression against Japan while Japanese ground and maritime forces would deal with internal threats and natural disasters.
Accordingly, in mid-1952, the National Police Reserve was expanded to 110,000 men and named the National Safety Forces. The Coastal Safety Force was transferred with it to the National Safety Agency to constitute an embryonic navy; the trauma of World War II produced strong pacifist sentiments among the nation. In addition, under Article 9 of the United States–written 1947 constitution, Japan forever renounces war as an instrument for settling international disputes and declares that Japan will never again maintain "land, sea, or air forces or other war potential." Cabinets interpreted these provisions as not denying the nation the inherent right to self-defense and, with the encouragement of the United States, developed the JSDF step by step. On July 1, 1954, the National Security Board was reorganized as the Defense Agency, the National Security Force was reorganized afterwards as the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, the Coastal Safety Force was reorganized as the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force and the Japan Air Self-Defense Force was established as a new branch of JSDF.
General Keizō Hayashi was appointed as the first Chairman of Joint Staff Council—professional head of the three branches. The enabling legislation for this was the 1954 Self-Defense Forces Act; the Far East Air Force, U. S. Air Force, announced on 6 January 1955, that 85 aircraft would be turned over to the fledgling Japanese air force on about 15 January, the first equipment of the new force. In 1983, Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone pledged to make Japan an "unsinkable aircraft carrier in the Pacific", assisting the United States in defending against the threat of Soviet bombers. Although possession of nuclear weapons is not explicitly forbidden in the constitution, Japan, as the only nation to have experienced the devastation of nuclear attacks, expressed early its abhorrence of nuclear arms and its determination never to acquire them; the Atomic Energy Basic Law of 1956 limits research and use of nuclear power to peaceful uses only. Beginning in 1956, national policy embodied "three non-nuclear principles"—forbidding the nation to possess or manufacture nuclear weapons or to allow them to be introduced into its territories.
In 1976 Japan ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and reiterated its intention never to "develop, use, or allow the transportation of nuclear weapons through its territory". Nonetheless, because of its high technology level and large number of operating nuclear power plants, Japan is considered to be "nuclear capable", i.e. it could develop usable nuclear weapons within one year if the political situation changed significantly. Thus many analysts consider Japan a de facto nuclear state. Japan is said to be a "screwdriver's turn" away from possessing nuclear weapons, or to possess a "bomb in the basement". On May 28, 1999, the Regional Affairs Law was enacted, it allows Japan to automatically participate as "rear support" if the United States begins a war under "regional affairs." The Anti-Terrorism Special Measures Law was passed on October 29, 2001. It allows the JSDF to contribute by itself to international efforts to the prevention and eradication of terrorism. While on duty the JSDF can use weapons to p