Gate of All Nations

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Gate of All Nations
Nations Gate palace (kakh-e-darvaz-e-keshvarha) in Persepolis.tif
View of the Gate of All Nations palace
Basic information
Location Iran Persepolis, Marvdasht, Iran
Geographic coordinates 29°56′04″N 52°53′29″E / 29.934444°N 52.891389°E / 29.934444; 52.891389Coordinates: 29°56′04″N 52°53′29″E / 29.934444°N 52.891389°E / 29.934444; 52.891389
Sector Persepolis
Municipality Marvdasht
Territory Iran
State Marvdasht
Province Fars province
Region 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran
Ecclesiastical or organizational status in ruins
Website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/114
Architectural type Achaemenid architecture
Materials stone

The Gate of All Nations (Old Persian: 𐎯𐎢𐎺𐎼𐎰𐎡𐎶 𐏐 𐎻𐎡𐎿𐎭𐏃𐎹𐎢𐎶 duvarthim visadahyum),[1] also known as the Gate of Xerxes, is located in the ruins of the ancient city of Persepolis, Iran.

The construction of the Stairs of All Nations and the Gate of All Nations was ordered by the Achaemenid king Xerxes I (486-465 BC), the successor of the founder of Persepolis, Darius I the Great.[2]

Building[edit]

The structure consisted of one large room whose roof was supported by four stone columns with bell-shaped bases. Parallel to the inner walls of this room ran a stone bench, interrupted at the doorways, the outside walls, made of broad mud block, were bedecked with frequent niches. Each of the three walls, on the east, west, and south, had a very large stone doorway. A pair of massive bulls secured the western entrance; two Lamassu in the Assyrian style, albeit, of colossal proportions, stood at the eastern doorway. Engraved above each of the four colossi is a trilingual inscription attesting to Xerxes having built and fulfilled the gate, the doorway on the south, opening toward the Apadana, is the widest of the three. Pivoting devices found on the inner corners of all the doors indicate that they must have had two-leaved doors, which were possibly made of wood and covered with sheets of ornamented metal.

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