Gayer-Anderson cat

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Gayer-Anderson cat
British Museum Egypt 101-black.jpg
The Gayer-Anderson Cat on display in the British Museum
Material Bronze with gold ornaments
Size 42 cm High
Created Late Period, 600 BC
Discovered Saqqara, Egypt
Present location British Museum, London
Registration EA 64391

The Gayer-Anderson Cat is an Ancient Egyptian statue of a cat, which dates from the Late Period (around 664–332 BC). It is made of bronze, with gold ornaments.

Style and detail[edit]

The sculpture is known as the Gayer-Anderson cat after Major Robert Grenville Gayer-Anderson who, together with Mary Stout Shaw, donated it to the British Museum,[1] the statue is a representation of the female cat deity Bastet. The cat wears jewellery and a protective wadjet amulet, the earrings and nose ring on the statue may not have always belonged to the cat.[2] A scarab appears on the head and a winged scarab is shown on the chest, the statue is 42 cm high and 13 cm wide. A copy of the statue is kept in the Gayer-Anderson Museum, located in Cairo.[3]

Construction[edit]

Detail of the head

The statue is not as well preserved as it appears. X-rays taken of the sculpture reveal that there are cracks that extend almost completely around the centre of the cat's body and only an internal system of strengthening prevents the cat's head from falling off. The repairs to the cat were carried out by Major Gayer-Anderson who was a keen restorer of antiquities in the 1930s. When he bought it, the surface of the cat was "covered with a heavy coating of crystalline verdigris and crisp flakes of red patina" which he carefully chipped away.[4]

The cat was manufactured by the lost wax method, where a wax model is covered with clay and fired in a kiln until the wax flows out, and the hollow mould is refilled with molten metal; in this case the metal was 85% copper, 13% tin, 2% arsenic with a 0.2% trace of lead. The remains of the pins that held the wax core can still be seen using X-rays, the original metalworkers would have been able to create a range of colours on a bronze casting and the stripes on the tail are due to metal of a differing composition. It is also considered likely that the eyes contained stone or glass decorations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Museum online
  2. ^ Oakes, Lorna, and Lucia Gahlin. Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Reference to the Myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temples of the Land of the Pharaohs. (p. 229) Barnes & Noble, September 2003. ISBN 978-0-7607-4943-2.
  3. ^ Gayer-Anderson Cat, Ancient Egypt.co.uk, retrieved 6 December 2014
  4. ^ Foxcroft, Louise (2016). The Irish Pasha. Unbound. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Clutton-Brock, J. The British Museum book of Cat. London: The British Museum Press, 2000.
  • Warner, Nicholas. Guide to the Gayer-Anderson Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Press of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2003.
  • Foxcroft, Louise.The Irish Pasha. London: Unbound, 2016. Biography of a maverick Edwardian Egyptologist R.G. ‘Pum’ Gayer-Anderson