Dorotheus of Gaza
Not to be confused with Theodorus Gaza. Dorotheus of Gaza or Abba Dorotheus, was abbot, he joined the monastery Abba Serid near Gaza through the influence of elders John. Around 540 he became abbot there, it was to the monks of this monastery that he addressed his instructions/teaching of which a considerable number have survived and have been compiled into Directions on Spiritual Training composed in Greek and translated in medieval Syriac, Arabic and Church Slavonic. It is typical that at the heading of his teachings he announces that he offers his teaching "following the death of Abba John the Prophet and the complete silence of Abba Barsanuphius", it seems that as long his holy spiritual fathers lived he thought that he should live in obedience, keep silent and not give his own teaching. Only after the demise of one and the decision of the other not to speak did he decide to record his ascetic experiences, in order to edify the monks at the new monastery, he presents his teaching looking to the edification of those to whom it is addressed.
He is not interested in elegance of style. Thus, his words are uncontrived and simple. A careful study of the teachings of Abba Dorotheus shows a strict logical structure in an intelligible and analytic manner; the matters are not approached in a theoretical way, but on the basis of everyday reality and on his monastic experience. He links his teaching with the Holy Scripture and introduces the subjects by starting from a biblical quote or passage from the Old Testament. Furthermore, he uses biblical citations from both the Old and New Testament throughout the development of his thought. In his practical teaching, Abba Dorotheus does not ignore the theology of the Church. In his thought and the practical-ascetic life coexist, he is not interested in giving some doctrinal teaching. His practical teaching is saturated by the faith of the Church. Abba Dorotheus is recognized as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church and Oriental Orthodox Church with his Feast Day on June 5 in the Roman Catholic Church, June 18 in Churches of Eastern Orthodox tradition and August 13 in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
God’s providence. Do not wish for everything to be done according to your determination, but wish that it is how it should be, in this way, you will attain peace with everyone, and believe that everything that happens to us the most insignificant, occurs through God’s Providence. You will be able to endure everything that comes upon you without any agitation. Yearning toward goodness.11. Everyone that desires salvation must not only avoid evil, but is obliged to do good, just as it says in the Psalm: "Depart from evil and do good". For example, if somebody was angry, he must not only not get angry, but become meek. Thus, every passion has an opposing virtue: pride — humility, stinginess — charity, lust — chastity, faintheartedness — patience, anger — meekness, hatred — love. Struggles with deficiencies.21. Who resembles a person who satisfies his passions? He is like a person who, after being struck down with his enemy’s arrows takes them with his hands and pierces his own heart with them, he who opposes passions is like a person, showered with his enemy’s arrows, but remains untouched because he is dressed in steel.
One who has eradicated his passions, is like a person that although under a torrent of arrows, either shatters them or returns them into the hearts of his enemies — just as the Psalm states: "Their sword shall enter their own heart, their bows shall be broken". Guarding the conscience.23. When God created man, He planted something divine into him — a certain conception — a spark that has both light and warmth; the conception that enlightens the mind and indicates what is right and what is wrong is called conscience. Conscience is a natural law. Living in times before any written law and saints pleased God by following the voice of their conscience. Temperance, meekness.24. Not only should we observe moderation with food, but we must abstain from every other sin so that just as we fast with our stomach, we should fast with our tongue. We should fast with our eyes i.e. not look at agitating things, not allow your eyes freedom to roam, not to look shamelessly and without fear. Arms and legs should be restrained from doing any evil acts.
27. It is impossible for anyone to get angry with his neighbor without raising himself above him, belittling him and regarding himself higher than the neighbor. Sorrows and God’s Providence.24. When we suffer something unpleasant from our best friend, we know that he did not do it intentionally and that he loves us. We must think of God, Who created us, for our sake incarnated, died for our sake having endured enormous suffering. We must remind ourselves that He does everything from His love for us. We may think that while our friend loves us, in not having sufficient good sense in order to do everything he therefore involuntarily hurt us; this can not be said of God. He knows what is good for us and accordingly, directs everything for our benefit in the smallest things, it can be said that although our friend loves us and is sufficiently sensible, he is powerless to help us. But this cannot be said of God, because to Him everything is possible
The West Wing (season 5)
The fifth season of the American political drama television series The West Wing aired in the United States on NBC from September 24, 2003, to May 19, 2004, consisted of 22 episodes. This was the first season with executive producer John Wells as showrunner after series creator Aaron Sorkin departed the series after the conclusion of the previous season; the fifth season had star billing for nine major roles, all nine of these were filled by returning main cast members from the fourth season. The cast were credited in alphabetical order except for Martin Sheen, listed last. Stockard Channing is only credited for the episodes. Stockard Channing as Abbey Bartlet Dulé Hill as Charlie Young Allison Janney as C. J. Cregg Joshua Malina as Will Bailey Janel Moloney as Donna Moss Richard Schiff as Toby Ziegler John Spencer as Leo McGarry Bradley Whitford as Josh Lyman Martin Sheen as Josiah Bartlet The fifth season opens with US forces rescuing Zoey Bartlet from her abductors. Bartlet takes the presidency back from Acting President Walken, but is forced back into a level of powerlessness.
He comes to terms with his actions that led to his daughter's kidnapping, a new Republican Speaker of the House who forces Bartlet into several decisions he doesn't want to make, including the nomination of an unimpressive Democrat, "Bingo Bob" Russell, for Vice President. The conflict with the new Speaker comes to a head in "Shutdown", when the Speaker tries to force Bartlet into cutting federal spending more than had been agreed to and Bartlet refuses to sign the budget, forcing the federal government into a shutdown. Bartlet regains some of his power, cutting a deal to get a liberal Chief Justice of the United States, season five ends with a bombing in Gaza leading Bartlet to push for Israeli peace talks and Josh to be closer to Donna after she is critically wounded; the fifth season begins toward the end of Bartlet's first year of his second term in office. By the end of the season, over a year has elapsed; the fifth season received 12 Emmy Award nominations for the 56th Primetime Emmy Awards, winning one award—Allison Janney for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, her fourth win.
It was nominated for the first year the series did not win the award. Acting nominations included Martin Sheen for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, John Spencer for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series, Stockard Channing and Janel Moloney for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series, Matthew Perry for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series. Thomas Del Ruth received two nominations from the American Society of Cinematographers for the episodes "7A WF 83429" and "Gaza". Amazon.com called the episode "Access" "memorable" and described the episode as a "Frontline-type'day-in-the-life' documentary". They said it was one of Allison Janney's "showcase hours"
Gaza is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Margaritidae. An examination of the soft parts of a species of the genus Gaza, by Dall showed the operculum to be thin, light brown, with about seven whorls; the animal was of a whitish color without any spots or markings, with large black eyes set on a good-sized peduncle adjacent to and behind the tentacles. There is a single narrow gill in the usual position; the tentacles are long and rather slender. The foot is short and bluntly rounded in front, behind truncate. In fact the contracted specimen looked as if there was a broad posterior indentation in the middle line; the muzzle is long, subcylindrical above and transversely expanded at its distal end, semi-lunar with a densely papillose surface and fringed edges. This expansion is nearly three times as wide as the stem of the muzzle; the epipodium is not connected with it. Behind the lobe is one long process and a shorter one; the frill behind is puckered, but from under the borders of the operculum on each side protrude three good-sized processes.
Behind the opercular lobe the epipodium terminates in a prominent point and papillose on its upper surface. There are no frontal lobes between the tentacula; the epipodial point extends some distance behind the posterior end of the foot. The jaw is like that of Calliostoma in shape, it is composed of brown four-sided translucent prismatic rodlets which give under the microscope a reticular marking of diamond-shaped spots to the surface of the jaw. The two sides are not united in the middle line; the radula resembles that of Lunella versicolor Gmelin as figured by Troschel, except that the bases of the rhachidian and lateral teeth are subcircular, on a few of the scythe-shaped cusps of the numerous uncini are a few denticles. There are five lateral teeth, between twenty and thirty uncini.. The nucleus of Gaza superba is caducous, in such specimens the apex is pierced with a circular perforation 1½ mm in diameter, continuous with the umbilicus. There does not appear to be any particular difference between the nucleus and the early whorls, its loss would therefore seem to be due to its fragility.
In none of those in which it remains is there any indication of its being reinforced by a shelly deposit. The species are all deep-sea dwellers, living at depths of 180 m or greater Species within the genus Gaza include: Gaza compta Simone & Cunha, 2006 Gaza cubana Clench & Aguayo, 1940 Gaza daedala Watson, 1879 Gaza fischeri Dall, 1889 Gaza olivacea Quinn, 1991 Gaza polychoronos Vilvens, 2012 Gaza rathbuni Dall, 1890 Gaza superba Synonyms: Gaza frederici E. A. Smith, 1906: synonym of Callogaza frederici Gaza sericata Kira, 1959: synonym of Callogaza sericata Luiz Ricardo L. Simone & Carlo M. Cunha, Revision of genera Gaza and Callogaza, with description of a new Brazilian species.
Nathan of Gaza
Nathan Benjamin ben Elisha Hayyim ha'Levi Ashkenazi / Ghazzati or Nathan of Gaza was a theologian and author born in Jerusalem. After his marriage in 1663 he moved to Gaza, where he became famous as a prophet for the alleged messiah, Sabbatai Zevi. Although he is referred to by names such as Abraham Nathan ben Elisha Hayyim Ashkenazi or Rabbi Nathan Ashkenazi of Gaza, he is more known as Nathan of Gaza. After studying Talmud and Kabbalah in his native town under Jacob Hagiz, he settled at Gaza, whence his name "Ghazzati"; the fact of his father being a German Jew gave him the name of "Ashkenazi". As brilliant as he was as a kabbalistic theologian and as a student, Nathan of Gaza was endowed with other remarkable characteristics that helped to promote the messianic claims surrounding Shabbetai Zevi, he was known, for example, for his prophetic visions as well as for his ideological and radical views, all of which helped to shape the eventual mystical movement around Shabbethai Zevi. His visionary capabilities in particular not only constructed the foundations for Sabbateanism, but they aided him in discovering the group's historical figure, Shabbetai Zevi.
Nathan of Gaza was born in Jerusalem around 1643-1644. Although he grew up in Jerusalem, his parents were not born in Ottoman Syria. On the contrary, they had immigrated from Germany, his father, Elisha Hayyim ben Jacob, was a distinguished rabbinic intellectual who served as an envoy of Jerusalem collecting donations for impoverished Jews. During his travels, he would distribute kabbalistic works. Upon settling in Ottoman Palestine, Elisha Hayyim ben Jacob took on the surname "Ashkenazi" as a means of differentiating his family and himself from the Sephardic inhabitants of the Ottoman province, he died in Morocco in 1673. Prior to his father's death, Nathan of Gaza began studying under Jacob Hagiz; the relationship between these two religious devotees would continue for many years. In fact, Nathan of Gaza would spend a majority of his life – up until about 1664 – with his teacher at a rabbinic college. During this academic period, documents were written that described his interest in and persistence towards academic work.
It is said that he was “…an gifted student, of quick apprehension and a brilliant intellect. His talents… noteworthy for their rare combination of intellectual power and capacity for profound thinking with imagination and strong emotional sensitivity…” In and of itself, Nathan of Gaza was an gifted pupil, his intellectual brilliance and his intense focus on his studies, did not limit or prevent him – as occurs with most intensely devoted religious individuals –from experiencing many of the Jewish rites of passage. In fact, at the age of nineteen or twenty, he married the daughter of an affluent Jew named Samuel Lissabona; the nuptials were believed to have taken place before the end of the year 1663, when he joined his wife's family in Gaza. There, he was able to focus on his religious studies, it is upon moving to the area of Gaza that Nathan of Gaza began to take up a more in-depth study of Kabbalah. Only upon delving into the mysterious realm of Jewish mysticism did he begin to embark on mystical experiences.
An example of such a transformative incident can be seen with his prophetic awakening, which he describes in a letter written in 1673: When I had attained the age of twenty, I began to study the book Zohar and some of the Lurianic writings. He who wants to purify himself receives the aid of Heaven. In that same year, my force having been stimulated by the visions of the angels and the blessed souls, I was undergoing a prolonged fast in the week before the feast of Purim. Having locked myself in a separate room in holiness and purity…the spirit came over me, my hair stood on end and my knees shook and I beheld the merkabah, I saw visions of God all day long and all night… This vision lasted twenty-four hours and was said to have had a powerful impact on his overall perception of reality as well as his entire self. While the revelation was overpowering and transformative, it was the only visual moment where Nathan of Gaza felt that he was a true prophet. In addition to his physical and mental alteration, there was another important component to the vision: Nathan of Gaza believed that a man by the name of Shabbetai Zevi was the messiah.
This strong belief in Shabbetai Zevi as the next leader of the Jewish people marked the initiation of the first Sabbatean believer, Nathan of Gaza. It constituted the beginning of the Sabbatean movement itself. Nathan of Gaza's prophecy about Shabbetai Zevi was not his only mental visualization. On the contrary, as the years passed, he would have many other visions, all of which would aid his movement and promote the belief in Shabbetai Zevi, his second vision in fact came on the evening of the Shavu’ot festival in the spring of 1665. Unlike his prophetic awakening, Nathan of Gaza was said to have undergone a spiritual possession by a maggid, or a divine spirit. At the moment of this spiritual takeover, he was described as dancing wildly and emitting a special kind of odor; this smell is described in the Zohar and is believed to be associated with the scent of the Garden of Eden as well as of the prophet Elisha and Rabbi Isaac Luria. While the vision itself is different from that of the prophetic awakening, it does contain several similarities.
One of the parallels is that of transformation. Like the prophetic awakening, as soon as the maggidic possession ended, Nathan o
Sanbornton, New Hampshire
Sanbornton is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,966 at the 2010 census, it includes the villages of North Gaza. Located in the fork of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers, the town was first called Crotchtown, it was granted by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth in 1748 to his friend John Sanborn of Hampton, along with 59 others from Hampton and Stratham. Twelve of the grantees were named Sanborn, therefore the community was named Sanborntown. Among the other settlers were members of the Leavitt family, related to the Sanborns, but ongoing hostilities during the French and Indian War delayed permanent settlement until 1764. It would be incorporated by Governor John Wentworth in 1770; the town included Sanbornton Bridge, or Bridge Village, set off in 1869 as Tilton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.8 square miles, of which 47.6 sq mi is land and 2.2 sq mi is water, comprising 4.32% of the town. Bounded on the west by the Pemigewasset River and on the east by Winnisquam Lake, Sanbornton is drained by Salmon Brook, a tributary of the Pemigewasset.
The highest point in town is the summit of Hersey Mountain, elevation 2,001 feet above sea level, along the town's northwestern border. The town is served by Interstate 93, New Hampshire Route 132, New Hampshire Route 127. I-93 leads north to Plymouth and south to Concord. NH 132 parallels I-93 as a local road, connecting Tilton to the south with New Hampton and Ashland to the north. NH 127 intersects leads southwest to Franklin. U. S. Route 3 crosses a small southeastern corner of Sanbornton at the village of Winnisquam, where the road crosses Winnisquam Lake; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,581 people, 969 households, 749 families residing in the town. The population density was 54.3 people per square mile. There were 1,359 housing units at an average density of 28.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.14% White, 0.15% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.12% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.
There were 969 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.7% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 2.97. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,458, the median income for a family was $52,179. Males had a median income of $35,472 versus $26,117 for females; the per capita income for the town was $22,879. About 2.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
In the New Hampshire Senate, Sanbornton is in the 2nd District, represented by Republican Bob Giuda. On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Sanbornton is in the 1st District, represented by Democrat Michael J. Cryans. In the United States House of Representatives, Sanbornton is in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat Chris Pappas. Albert E. Bodwell, noted 19th-century New Hampshire architect Joseph M. Harper, US Representative and Acting Governor of New Hampshire Don Kent, meteorologist Lois Lowry, children's author Daniel S. Miles, religious leader George W. Swain, Wisconsin state senator Mildred L. Coombs, Sanbornton, N. H. 1770-1970. Sanbornton, N. H.: Sanbornton Historical Society, 1970. Moses Thurston Runnels, History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire: In Two Volumes. Boston, MA: Alfred Mudge and Son, 1882. Volume 1: Annals | Volume 2: Genealogies Ralph Sleeper, Revolutionary Sanbornton. Tilton, NH: Sanbornton Bridge Press, 1976. Town of Sanbornton official website Sanbornton Public Library Sanbornton Historical Document Foundation Mohawk Trail Riders Snowmobile Club History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile Lane Tavern, Sanbornton Historical Society
Gaza is a province of Mozambique. It has an area of 75,709 km2 and a population of 1,446,654. Xai-Xai is the capital of the province. Inhambane Province is to the east, Manica Province to the north, Maputo Province to the south, South Africa to the west, Zimbabwe to the northwest. Most of the district lies in the basin of the Limpopo River, which runs from northwest to southeast through the district, emptying into the Indian Ocean near Xai-Xai; the Changane River, a tributary of the Limpopo, forms part of the province's eastern boundary. The Rio dos Elefantes flows into the district from the west through the Massingir Dam, to empty into the Limpopo; the Save River forms the northern boundary of the province. The Limpopo railway, which connects Zimbabwe and Botswana to the port of Maputo, runs through the province, entering Zimbabwe at the border town of Chicualacuala; the province, including the towns of Xai-Xai and Chokwe, were affected by the 2000 Mozambique flood. Limpopo National Park lies within the province, bounded by the Elefantes and Limpopo rivers and the South African border.
Banhine National Park lies in the east-central portion of the province. The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and its associated conservation area, in the process of being formed, will cover the northern part of the province, including both national parks, extend into adjacent parts of Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe; the province was created on October 20, 1954, when Sul do Save District was divided into the districts of Gaza and Lourenço Marques. In 1978, Mozambique's districts were renamed provinces. Gaza Province is divided into the 11 districts of: Bilene Macia District Chibuto District Chicualacuala District Chigubo District Chókwè District Guijá District Mabalane District Manjacaze District Massagena District Massingir District Xai-Xai Districtand the municipalities of: Chibuto Chókwè Macia Manjacaze Xai-Xai Chicumbo Gazaland Salane Gaza Province official site
Porphyry of Gaza
Saint Porphyry was bishop of Gaza from 395 to 420, from the account in his Life, for Christianizing the recalcitrant pagan city of Gaza, demolishing its temples. Porphyry of Gaza is known only from a vivid biography by Mark the Deacon and from a reference made by Archbishop John II of Jerusalem; the Vita Porphyrii appears to be a contemporary account of Porphyry that chronicles in some detail the end of paganism in Gaza in the early fifth century. However, the text has been identified in the 20th century as hagiography rather than history, some elements of it are examples of the stereotyped fictional events characteristic of this literary form. On the other hand, the author was intimately familiar with Gaza in late Antiquity, his statements are of interest for reflecting 5th century attitudes. A street in the village of Zejtun, bears his name. Gaza had a history as a place hostile to the early Christians. Several had suffered martyrdom there in the persecution of Diocletian, the brief pagan revival under Julian had seen the burning of the Christian basilica and various Christians put to death.
The people of Gaza were so hostile to Christians that the Christian church had to be built outside the walls, at a safe distance, the Christian bishops of the 4th century were termed "bishops of the churches about Gaza". The Christian community in Gaza scarcely numbered 280, according to the vita of St. Porphyry, the community-at-large resisted the closing of temples and destruction of pagan images which had started in more Christianized regions. According to the vita, St. Porphyry was appointed bishop at the age of 45, he arrived in the city without incident, but a drought followed the same year, the pagans "imputed the thing to the coming of the blessed man, saying that'It was revealed unto us by Marnas that the feet of Porphyry bring bad luck to the city'." Further harassment followed with the support of local officials. In response, St. Porphyry sent Marcus, his deacon and chronicler, to Constantinople in 398 to obtain an order to close the pagan temples of Gaza. An official named Hilarius duly arrived with soldiers to close the temples, but the Marneion remained open because Hilarius was bribed with a large sum of money.
There was no great change, however, in the attitude of the people, who refused to allow Christians "to hold any civil office, but entreated them as naughty slaves". St. Porphyry went to Constantinople during the winter of 401-402, accompanied by the bishop of Caesarea Palaestina, together they convinced the Empress Eudoxia, the dominant force at the court of Arcadius, to prevail upon the Emperor and obtain from him a decree for the destruction of the pagan temples at Gaza. Cynegius, a special imperial envoy, executed the decree in May, 402. Eight temples, those of Aphrodite, the Sun, Kore, the shrine of a hero, the Marneion, were either pulled down or burnt. "And there were other many idols in the houses and in the villages," Marcus relates, but the upper class who had such things had fled from the city in advance. Soldiers, who were billeted in the vacated houses visited every house and burning the idols and private libraries as "books of magic"; the Marneion, a temple sacred to Zeus Marnas, the local Hellenistic incarnation of Dagon, the patron of agriculture, a god, worshipped in the Levant since the third millennium BCE, was set afire with pitch and fat.
This temple had been rebuilt under the direction of Hadrian. To one of Hadrian's visits we may conjecturally assign the foundation of the great temple of the god Marnas, which the Vita describes with a mixture of pride and abhorrence, it was believed that the'Olympian' Emperor who founded the great temple of Zeus on the sacred mountain Gerizim of the Samaritans would not be slow to recognize the claims of the Cretan Zeus of the Gazaeans. After the suppression of a revolt of the Jews in 119 AD, Hadrian selected Gaza as the place at which to sell his Jewish captives. Directly upon the ruins of the Marneion, at the expense of the empress, a large church called the Eudoxiana was erected in her honor and dedicated on 14 April 407, thus with approved violence, paganism ceased to exist in Gaza. The text exists in a Georgian recension. Grégoire and Kugener, the editors of the Vita Porphyrii, reviewed the challenges to the integrity of the work and summarized the previous scholarship; these included the lack of other attestation to major figures, including Porphyry himself, in an otherwise well-documented period of history.
But they concluded that the text had a historical basis and "that the solution of most problems is to be found in the fact that the text of the Vita transmitted to us represents a revision of the sixth century, which borrowed from the church history of Theodoret of Cyrrhus of 444, e.g. for the Proemium, deleted in particular each mention of John II, Bishop of Jerusalem, replacing it with the name of Praylius, his successor as bishop of Jerusalem in the time of Porphyrius". Paul Peeters published the Georgian texts and showed that they depended on a lost Syriac original that must have been written in the fifth or the sixth century. Head wrote, "The textual problems can be resolved if we assume that the Life of St Porphyry was composed in two successive stages: the original notes