Geevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala

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Saint Gregorios of Parumala (Geevargese Mar Gregorios)
Raja Ravi Varma, Gheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala (1905).jpg
Geevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala (portrait by Raja Ravi Varma)
Born 15 June 1848
Mulanthuruthy, Kerala, India
Died 2 November 1902 (Aged 54)
Parumala, Kerala, India
Venerated in Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church; Malankara Jacobite Syrian Christian Church; Syriac Orthodox Church and Coptic Orthodox Church
Canonized on 2 November 1947 by Baselios Geevarghese II of Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church and on 20 December 1987 by Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of Syriac Orthodox Church
Major shrine St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Parumala
Feast 2 November

Saint Geevargese Mar Gregorios, popularly known as Parumala Thirumeni (Bishop of Parumala) and also known as Chathuruthy Kochu Thirumeni, (15 June 1848 – 2 November 1902) was a bishop of the Malankara Syrian Church. He became a deacon at the age of 10, a priest at the age of 18, and a bishop when aged 28, he died at the age of 54 and was buried at St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Parumala, in Kerala, India. In 1947, he was declared a saint by the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, making him the first canonised Christian saint from India. In 1987, the Syriac Orthodox Church also recognised him as a saint.


Gregorios was born as Kochu Ipeora Gheevarghese in Kerala on 15 June 1848, his parents were Mathai Gheevarghese and Mariam Gheevarghese.[1]

Gregorios was taught by someone called Malpan and was ordained as a deacon on 14 September 1859 at the age of ten, he continued his training with Malpan until the latter died from smallpox. Gregorios was also infected with smallpox but survived, he was ordained as a priest in 1865 and as a Ramban (monk-priest) by Joseph Mar Dionysios in 1872.[1]

On 10 December 1876, the Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatius Peter IV, promoted the 28-year old Gregorios to be a bishop, at which point his official name became Bishop Gregorios or Mar Gregorios, his youth caused him to be referred to as Kochu Thirumeni (Young Bishop).[1]

In his bishopric, which was the Niranam Diocese,[1] Gregorios established various churches and was the motivator to establish schools in different parts of Malankara; in the late 1890s, many educational institutions were started by the Malankara Church under the initiative and guidance of him and Joseph Mar Dionysius. Examples of these include St.Thomas School at Mulanthuruthy, St. Ignatius School at Kunnamkulam (named after Ignatius Peter IV), and the Syrian English School (now known as MGM High School) at Thiruvalla.[citation needed]

Azhippura - Small building where Mar Gregorios lived at Parumala

Following the death of fellow Metropolitans (bishops), the administration of Thumpamon and Kollam dioceses also passed to him; in 1887 the first block of the Parumala Seminary was consecrated.[citation needed]

By 1895, Gregorios had made Parumala his main spiritual centre, the church that he founded there in that year was consecrated in the names of St. Peter and St. Paul, he would wake at 4 am for prayer and he fasted on Wednesday and Fridays, as well as during Lent.[1]

Gregorios visited Jerusalem in 1895, staying at the Sehion Malika, which was the diocesan headquarters of the Syrian Orthodox Metropolitan, during his stay he visited many places important in Christianity and led the Passion Week services at the altars of the Syrian church in Jerusalem. On his return. Gregorios collected money from all the parishes in Malankara and sent a silver cross as offering to the Jerusalem church.[citation needed]

Tomb of Mar Gregorios inside Parumala Church

Gregorios already had stomach ulcer and it became chronic in 1902. Treatments proved futile[citation needed] and he died on 2 November 1902. The funeral was conducted at Parumala Church on 3 November 1902.

The many testimonies to the saintly intercession of Gregorios made Parumala Church and the tomb a centre of pilgrimage.[citation needed] In 1947, he was declared a saint by the then Catholicos of the church, Baselios Geevarghese II.[1] Later, in 1987, he was declared a saint by the then Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatius Zakka I Iwas.[citation needed]


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