The Gem is a moth of the family Geometridae. It is a common species of Continental Europe and adjacent lands, though in the northeast, its range does not extend beyond the Baltic region and it is absent from northern Russia; this well-flying species is somewhat prone to vagrancy and able to cross considerable distances of open sea. Under its junior synonyms Nycterosea brunneipennis and Geometra fluviata, the Willow Beauty is the type species of genera Nycterosea and Percnoptilota, respectively; the latter is treated as junior synonym of the former, but Nycterosea, though included in Orthonama these days, may warrant recognition as an independent genus after all. The adult's wingspan is 18–21 mm; this species is sexually dimorphic: males are light brown with a wavy pattern of whitish lines and a broad darker band running across the wings, forming concentric semicircles when the moth is at rest. There is a small whitish-rimmed black spot within the darker band between the center and the leading edge of each forewing.
The females are larger and much darker uniformly blackish-brown with an indistinct lighter pattern and a forewing spot like the males have. The caterpillar larvae prefer asterids. Host plants recorded from the Central European part of its range include:Euasterids I Gentianales: Rubiaceae Galium Solanales: Convolvulaceae Convolvulus Euasterids II Asterales: Asteraceae Anthemis Chrysanthemum Eupatorium Senecio – e.g Common Groundsel in the British IslesEurosids II Brassicales: Brassicaceae Alyssum Nasturtium Basal core eudicots Caryophyllales: Polygonaceae Polygonum Rumex The widespread sexually dimorphic and somewhat phenotypically variable Willow Beauty has been described anew time and again by various authors as late as the early 20th century, but all these distinct taxa are nowadays considered to refer to a single species. Junior synonyms of the Willow Beauty include: Heinrich: Seltsame Geometridenfunde. Zeitschrift des Wiener Entomologen-Vereins 27: 109. PDF fulltext Kimber, Ian: UKmoths – Orthonama obstipata.
Retrieved 2010-MAY-12. Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul: Butterflies and Moths of the World, Generic Names and their Type-species – Nycterosea. Version of 2004-NOV-05. Retrieved 2010-MAY-12. Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul: Butterflies and Moths of the World, Generic Names and their Type-species – Percnoptilota. Version of 2004-NOV-05. Retrieved 2010-MAY-12. Savela, Markku: Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Orthonama obstipatum. Version of 2002-NOV-30. Retrieved 2010-MAY-12. Nycterosea obstipata - The Gem on UKmoths Nycterosea obstipata on Fauna Europaea Lepiforum.de Nycterosea obstipata on Vlindernet.nl
Doug Gillard is an American guitarist and songwriter. He has been a member of major indie pop and punk bands, most notably Guided by Voices, Nada Surf, Death of Samantha and Cobra Verde. Doug Gillard was born in Ohio, his parents were from Colorado, where his father helped construct missile silos, his mother was a teacher's aide. Gillard grew up on a farm in rural Northeast Ohio, in the town of Huron, attended schools in Elyria, Ohio. By age five, Gillard was writing songs, which he recorded on a reel-to-reel tape machine to be mailed by his family to his older sister who lived in Germany. Gillard moved to Cleveland after graduating high school. In 1984, he was a non-student college radio DJ at Oberlin's WOBC, after which he was a DJ for six years at Cleveland State University's WCSB, concurrent with his musical career in the late 1980s. Beginning in high school, Gillard began performing with Ohio punk bands such as Suspect Device, Children's Crusade, Starvation Army, he has performed and/or recorded with Richard Buckner, Yuji Oniki, My Dad Is Dead, The Mice, Bill Fox, Fence Lions, Zest of Yore, Stewart Pack, The Oranges Band and Sally Crewe and The Sudden Moves.
As a result of Gillard's appearances on Guided by Voices' Suitcase and Suitcase 2 box sets, he is sometimes erroneously credited as a member of a variety of fictitious bands, due to Robert Pollard's creation of new imaginary band names for nearly every track of his compilations of outtakes and demos. In the 1980s, Gillard was a member of the Ohio-based band Death of Samantha, a "modernist pop troupe" led by John Petkovic. After the breakup of Death of Samantha, Gillard became one of the original members of John Petkovic's 1990s band Cobra Verde. Robert Pollard, a fan of Gillard's since his Death of Samantha days, asked Cobra Verde in 1996 to be his backing band for Guided by Voices' Mag Earwhig! LP. After joining forces with Guided by Voices as part of Cobra Verde, Gillard remained a member of Guided by Voices for about seven years, from 1997 to 2004, a period that encompassed six official LPs and numerous other releases. Gillard's association with Pollard resulted in three albums in collaboration as a duo: 1999's Speak Kindly of Your Volunteer Fire Department, two albums credited to Lifeguards, Mist King Urth in 2003, Waving at the Astronauts in 2011.
On July 25, 2016, it was announced Gillard rejoined Guided by Voices. In the early 1990s, Gillard launched Gem, his own band, which included bassist Tim Tobias. Gem's debut album, was recorded in 1994 and released on Restless Records in 1995; the Cleveland Scene praised the group as a "velveteen rock combo," and the editor of Cleveland's Alternative Press cited Gem's song "Suburban Girl" as "one of the greatest things in the history of Cleveland rock." Trouser Press called Hexed a "tuneful rush of smart and simple rhythm guitar pop-rock – sort of grown-up Weezer without the anxious pretensions." According to Trouser Press, Gillard's contributions stood out as "crafty," with "the woolly and weird chant of'Sheep,' the bracing T. Rex borrowings of'Your Heroes Hate You' and the countryfied pun of'Only a Loan.'" In 2001, Gem reunited to release Sunglare Serenades. Gillard was one of the founding members of Bambi Kino, a band formed in the summer of 2009 in anticipation of 2010's fiftieth anniversary of the first Beatles concerts in Hamburg, Germany.
The band included Nada Surf drummer Ira Elliot, Mark Rozzo and Erik Paparazzi. The group covered songs from the formative 1960–1963 pre-celebrity era of The Beatles in Hamburg and at the Cavern Club; the band took its name from the Bambi Kino, a squalid movie theater in Hamburg where the Beatles lived in a storeroom behind the screen. Working with Hamburg-based Tapete Records, the band debuted with a concert in 2010 at the Indra Club in Hamburg, where the Beatles first played. A live recording of that concert was released in 2011 on Tapete, as the group's self-titled debut album; the record was praised by AllMusic's James Allen for its authentically "scrappy Merseybeat style," resulting in an album that "also happens to rock on its own merits."The group has remained active, in May 2014, Bambi Kino played at a benefit concert at Brooklyn's Bell House. In 2010, Gillard joined the band Nada Surf, formed in 1992 by Matthew Caws and Daniel Lorca; the line-up of Caws, drummer Ira Elliot, Gillard appeared on Nada Surf's 2012 album The Stars Are Indifferent to Astronomy.
In a 2014 article, the music magazine Blurt quoted Death of Samantha's John Petkovic assessing Gillard as a solo artist. Petkovic contrasted Gillard's consistent artistic openness since the 1980s with his limited name recognition: Some people attribute being open and adventurous with age, youth, but that’s not true. You can tell who comes at music and art through imagination and who comes at it because they are attracted to some particular style... If you explore your imagination, you’ll never get "old." In that regard, little has changed with Doug when it comes to music – he just approaches it in the same way, attracted to sounds and parts. As a result, he’s able to synthesize disparate pieces that other people wouldn’t imagine fitting together until they saw the completed puzzle.... Doug deserves more attention, no doubt, but it's a larger thing – people are able to evaluate the name on the painting more than the painting. Doug has always been pretty dedicated to the painting, that’s a good thing.
Gillard has recorded three full-length albums as a solo artist, not including his early cassette releases. Gillard's solo recording career tec
Gemini is one of the constellations of the zodiac. It was one of the 48 constellations described by the 2nd century AD astronomer Ptolemy and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations today, its name is Latin for "twins," and it is associated with the twins Castor and Pollux in Greek mythology. Its symbol is. Gemini lies between Taurus to the west and Cancer to the east, with Auriga and Lynx to the north and Monoceros and Canis Minor to the south; the Sun resides in the astrological sign of Gemini from June 20 to July 20 each year. By mid-August, Gemini will appear along the eastern horizon in the morning sky prior to sunrise; the best time to observe Gemini at night is overhead during the months of February. By April and May, the constellation will be visible soon after sunset in the west; the easiest way to locate the constellation is to find its two brightest stars Castor and Pollux eastward from the familiar “V” shaped asterism of Taurus and the three stars of Orion’s belt. Another way is to mentally draw a line from the Pleiades star cluster located in Taurus and the brightest star in Leo, Regulus.
In doing so, an imaginary line, close to the ecliptic is drawn, a line which intersects Gemini at the midpoint of the constellation, just below Castor and Pollux. The constellation contains 85 stars visible to observation on Earth without a telescope; the brightest star in Gemini is Pollux, the second-brightest is Castor. Castor's Bayer designation as "Alpha" arose because Johann Bayer did not distinguish which of the two was the brighter when he assigned his eponymous designations in 1603.α Gem is a sextuple star system 52 light-years from Earth, which appears as a magnitude-1.6 blue-white star to the unaided eye. Two spectroscopic binaries are visible at magnitudes 3.0 with a period of 470 years. A wide-set red dwarf star is a part of the system. Β Gem is an orange-hued giant star of 34 light-years from Earth. Pollux has an extrasolar planet revolving around it, as do two other stars in Gemini, HD 50554, HD 59686. Γ Gem is a blue-white hued star of 105 light-years from earth. Δ Gem is a long-period binary star 59 light-years from Earth.
The primary is a white star of magnitude 3.5, the secondary is an orange dwarf star of magnitude 8.2. The period is over 1000 years. Ε Gem, a double star, includes a primary yellow supergiant of magnitude 3.1, nine hundred light-years from Earth. The optical companion, of magnitude 9.6, is visible in binoculars and small telescopes.ζ Gem is a double star, whose primary is a Cepheid variable star with a period of 10.2 days. It is a yellow supergiant, 1,200 light-years from Earth, with a radius, 60 times solar, making it 220,000 times the size of the Sun; the companion, a magnitude-7.6 star, is visible in small amateur telescopes. Η Gem is a binary star with a variable component. 380 light-years away, it has a period of 500 years and is only divisible in large amateur telescopes. The primary is a semi-regular red giant with a period of 233 days; the secondary is of magnitude 6.κ Gem is a binary star 143 light-years from Earth. The primary is a yellow giant of magnitude 3.6. The two are only divisible in larger amateur instruments because of the discrepancy in brightness.
Ν Gem is a double star divisible in small amateur telescopes. The primary is a blue giant of magnitude 4.1, 550 light-years from Earth, the secondary is of magnitude 8. 38 Gem, a binary star, is divisible in small amateur telescopes, 84 light-years from Earth. The primary is a white star of magnitude 4.8 and the secondary is a yellow star of magnitude 7.8. U Gem is a dwarf nova type cataclysmic variable discovered by J. R. Hind in 1855. Mu Gem is the Bayer designation for a star in the northern constellation of Gemini, it has the traditional name Tejat Posterior, which means back foot, because it is the foot of Castor, one of the Gemini twins. Since the sky area of Gemini is directed away from the Milky Way, there are comparatively few deep-sky objects of note. M35 is a large, elongated open cluster of magnitude 5, discovered in the year 1745 by Swiss astronomer Philippe Loys de Chéseaux, it has an area of 0.2 square degrees, the same size as the full moon. Its high magnitude means; the 200 stars of M35 are arranged in chains.
Another open cluster in Gemini is NGC 2158. Visible in large amateur telescopes and rich, it is more than 12,000 light-years from Earth; the Eskimo Nebula or Clown Face Nebula is a planetary nebula with an overall magnitude of 9.2, located 4,000 light-years from Earth. In a small amateur telescope, its 10th magnitude central star is visible, along with its blue-green elliptical disk, it is named for its resemblance to the head of a person wearing a parka. The Medusa Nebula is some 1,500 light-years distant. Geminga is a neutron star 550 light-years from Earth. Other objects include NGC 2129, NGC 2158, NGC 2266, NGC 2331, NGC 2355, NGC 2395; the Geminids are a bright meteor shower that peaks on December 13–14. It has a maximum rate of 100 meteors per hour, making it
Steven Universe is an American animated television series created by Rebecca Sugar for Cartoon Network. It premiered on May 21, 2013 with its pilot on November 4, 2013 with its first season, it is Cartoon Network's first animated show created by a woman. It is the coming-of-age story of a young boy, Steven Universe, who lives with the Crystal Gems—magical, humanoid aliens named Garnet and Pearl —in the fictional town of Beach City. Steven, half-Gem, has adventures with his friends and helps the Gems protect the world from their own kind; the themes of the series include love and the importance of healthy interpersonal relationships. Books and video games based on the series have been released, a television film is in development. Sugar based the lead character on her younger brother Steven, an artist for the series, she developed Steven Universe while she was a writer and storyboard artist on Adventure Time, which she left when Cartoon Network commissioned her series for full production. The series is storyboard-driven.
The series has developed a broad fan base and has been critically acclaimed for its design, voice acting, prominence of LGBTQ themes and science fantasy worldbuilding. The series won its first GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Kids & Family Program in 2019, becoming the first animated series to win the award, it has been nominated for four Emmy Awards and five Annie Awards. Its fifth season concluded in January 2019. Steven Universe is set in the fictional town of Delmarva; the Crystal Gems live in an ancient beachside temple and protect humanity from monsters and other threats. The Gems are ageless alien warriors who project female humanoid forms from magical gemstones at the core of their being; the Crystal Gems comprise Garnet, Amethyst and Steven—a young, half-human, half-Gem boy who inherited his gemstone from his mother, the Crystal Gems' former leader Rose Quartz. As Steven tries to understand his expanding range of powers, he spends his days with his father Greg, his friend Connie, his magical pet lion, other residents of Beach City, the Gems.
He explores the abilities inherited from his mother, which include fusion—the ability of Gems to merge their bodies and abilities to form new, more powerful personalities. The series's first season reveals that the Crystal Gems are remnants of a great interstellar empire. During their missions they visit ruins that were once important to Gem culture but have been derelict for millennia; the Gems are cut off from the Gem homeworld, Steven learns that many of the monsters and artifacts they encounter are Gems who were corrupted by a Gem weapon of mass destruction and can no longer maintain rational, humanoid form. By the end of the first season, Steven learns that, millennia ago, the Gem empire intended to sterilize the Earth to incubate new Gems, but Rose Quartz led her supporters, the Crystal Gems, in a violent and successful rebellion against this genocidal plan. In the present, the Gem empire's machinations again begin to extend towards Earth with the arrival of hostile envoys Peridot and Jasper.
In the second season, Peridot allies with and joins the Crystal Gems to prevent Earth's destruction by a Gem "geo-weapon" buried in the planet. During the third season, Lapis Lazuli, an errant Gem from Homeworld, decides to live on Earth with Peridot. In the fourth season, as Steven wrestles with his conflicted feelings about his mother's actions, the Gem empire leaders Blue Diamond and Yellow Diamond return their full attention to Earth. In the fifth season, Steven learns that in fact his mother was Pink Diamond, who faked her death to assume the identity of Rose Quartz. In 2011, after former Cartoon Network vice-president of comedy animation Curtis Lelash asked the staff for ideas for a new series, Rebecca Sugar—an artist working for the network's series Adventure Time—described her initial ideas for what would become Steven Universe, the project was chosen for development. While developing her show, Sugar continued working on Adventure Time; the series was inspired by Sugar's short story "Ballad of Margo and Dread" about a sensitive child helping teenagers with problems they cannot verbalize.
Cartoon Network executives commissioned the show after the crew's art presentation and Sugar became the first woman to create a show independently for the network. Before a production team had been appointed, Sugar tried to alter elements of the show's plot and developed the character's identity so her crew would have the freedom she did when she worked for Adventure Time; when Sugar's show was commissioned, she resigned from her role as a storyboard artist on Adventure Time to focus on her own series. Sugar focused the pilot short on the main characters and their personalities to demonstrate the series' humor; the pilot is a slice-of-life episode that does not involve major events because the series' world was still in development. Sugar and her production team focused the plot on interaction between the Crystal Gems and Steven. Sugar strove to make her pilot distinctive in terms of its artistic and aesthetic detail but the time limit imposed upon her by Cartoon Network hampered her; this unsuccessful experience helped Sugar develop the show's concept.
The Rolls-Royce Gem is a turboshaft engine developed for the Westland Lynx helicopter in the 1970s. The design started off at de Havilland and was passed to Bristol Siddeley as the BS.360. When Rolls-Royce bought out the latter in 1966, it became the RS.360. The Gem's three-shaft engine configuration is rather unusual for turboshaft/turboprop engines. Basic arrangement is a four-stage axial LP compressor, driven by a single stage LP turbine, supercharging a centrifugal HP compressor, driven by a single stage HP turbine. Power is delivered to the load via a third shaft, connected to a two-stage free turbine. A reverse flow combustor is featured; the Gem 42 develops 1,000 shp at Take-off, Sea Level Static, ISA, but the Maximum Contingency Rating is 1,120 shp. Until all versions of the Lynx have been Gem powered. However, now that Rolls-Royce own Allison, they have been marketing the more modern LHTEC T800, developed jointly with Honeywell. Agusta A129 Mangusta Westland Lynx East Midlands Aeropark Midland Air Museum The Helicopter Museum 111 Squadron ATC Data from Rolls-Royce Type: Triple-shaft two-spool turboshaft Length: 43.4 in Diameter: 23.5 in Dry weight: 414 lb Compressor: 4-stage axial LP, single-stage centrifugal HP Turbine: 2-stage power turbine, single-stage LP, single-stage HP Maximum power output: 1,000 shp Overall pressure ratio: 12:1 Air mass flow: 7 lb/sec Power-to-weight ratio: Comparable engines Bristol Siddeley Nimbus Rolls-Royce GnomeRelated lists List of aircraft engines Rolls-Royce Gem product page "Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca BS.360" a 1972 Flight article
In chemistry, the descriptor geminal refers to the relationship between two atoms or functional groups that are attached to the same atom. The word comes from Latin gemini meaning "twins". A geminal diol, for example, is a diol attached to the same carbon atom, as in methanediol; the shortened prefix gem may be applied to a chemical name to denote this relationship, as in a gem-dibromide for "geminal dibromide". The concept is important in many branches of chemistry, including synthesis and spectroscopy, because functional groups attached to the same atom behave differently from when they are separated. Geminal diols, for example, are converted to ketones or aldehydes with loss of water; the related term vicinal refers to the relationship between two functional groups that are attached to adjacent atoms. The relative arrangement of two functional groups can be described by the descriptors α and β. In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the coupling of two hydrogen atoms on the same carbon atom is called a geminal coupling.
It occurs only. The geminal coupling constant is referred to as 2J since the hydrogen atoms couple through two bonds. Depending on the other substituents, the geminal coupling constant takes values between −23 and +42 Hz; the following example shows the conversion of a cyclohexyl methyl ketone to a gem-dichloride through a reaction with phosphorus pentachloride. This gem-dichloride can be used to synthesize an alkyne
Gem County, Idaho
Gem County is a county in the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,719; the county seat and largest city is Emmett. Gem County is part of ID Metropolitan Statistical Area. Gem County is home to the Idaho ground squirrel. Named for the state nickname, "Gem State," the county was established on March 15, 1915, partitioned from Canyon County and Boise County. Fur trappers were in the area as early as 1818, Alexander Ross explored Squaw Creek in 1824. Prospectors and miners moved through the county in 1862 en route to the gold rush in the Boise Basin around Idaho City, by the next year irrigation began along the Payette River. Under Washington Territory, the area was part of Idaho County from the time of settlement until the territory south of the Payette River became part of Boise County at its creation in 1863. Picket's Corral, northeast of Emmett was the base of operations for a gang of horse thieves and "bogus dust peddlers" between 1862 and 1864; the Payette Vigilance Committee eliminated the gang.
The act creating Ada County in 1864 established the Ada County boundary common to Boise County as a line from Grimes Creek to Picket's Corral and north from that point to the existing northern boundary of Boise County, leaving the areas outside of Emmett within Boise County. Jonathan Smith and Nathaniel Martin settled near Emmett about 1862, they established a ferry on the Payette River at Emmett in 1866. On May 31, 1867, a post office was named Martinsville. Martinsville was renamed Emmettsville on October 31, 1868. Postal officials shortened the name of the post office to Emmett in 1885. Census data for the area shows Squaw Creek Precinct under Boise County with a population of 30 in 1870. Ada County did not separately return precincts at that census. By 1890, Squaw Creek was split into two precincts; those precincts were grouped with Horseshoe Bend at the 1890 census. The Emmett precinct contained 479 residents at that time; the Emmett area was transferred to Canyon County at its establishment in 1892.
At the 1910 Census, three Emmett area precincts contained a population of 2,601 while three Boise County precincts of Upper Squaw Creek, Lower Squaw Creek, Pearl contained 1,069 residents. The Black Canyon diversion dam on the river was built in the early 1920s, east of Emmett. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 566 square miles, of which 561 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Idaho by area. Adams County - north Valley County - northeast Boise County - east Ada County - south Canyon County - southwest Payette County - west Washington County - northwest Boise National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 15,181 people, 5,539 households, 4,176 families residing in the county; the population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 5,888 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.79% White, 0.73% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.16% from other races, 1.83% from two or more races.
6.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.9% were of American, 17.5% German, 13.1% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 5,539 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.40% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,460, the median income for a family was $40,195. Males had a median income of $31,036 versus $20,755 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $15,340. About 11.60% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,719 people, 6,495 households, 4,611 families residing in the county; the population density was 29.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,099 housing units at an average density of 12.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 0.6% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% black or African American, 3.1% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.2% were German, 19.2% were English, 15.8% were American, 12.3% were Irish. Of the 6,495 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families, 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 42.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,794 and the median income for a family was $49,976. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,083 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,431. About 9.7% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those u