Kerkrade is a town and a municipality in the southeast of Limburg, the southernmost province of the Netherlands. It forms part of the Parkstad Limburg agglomeration. Kerkrade is the western half of a divided city; the two towns, including outlying suburban settlements, have a population approaching 100,000, of which nearly 47,000 are in Kerkrade. The history of Kerkrade is linked with that of the adjacent town of Herzogenrath, just across the German border. Herzogenrath began as a settlement, called Rode, near the river Worm in the 11th century. In 1104 Augustinian monks founded an abbey, called Kloosterrade, to the west of this settlement, it was called's-Hertogenrode or's-Hertogenrade after the duchy of Brabant took control over the region. As is the case for many parts of the Southern Netherlands, the place changed hands several times in the last few centuries, it was under Spanish control from 1661, Austrian between 1713 and 1785 and French between 1795 and 1813. In 1815, when the kingdom of the Netherlands was formed, the border was drawn through Herzogenrath, the western part being Kerkrade.
In the 18th century the monks of Rolduc began small-scale coal mines. More modern exploitation by others started in 1860, causing Kerkrade to grow especially as a consequence of the permanent settlement of Southern-European miners in this Northern-European place; when the Willem Sophia mine was opened around 1900, the town grew more absorbing old villages like Chèvremont. In the decades following 1960, all the mines in Limburg were closed. One of the oldest buildings in the municipality is Erenstein, a castle the origins of which lie in the 14th century. One part of the border between the Netherlands and Germany runs along the middle of the street Nieuwstraat/Neustraße; the border was fortified by the Germans during World War I and World War II, but because of unrestricted cross-border travel within the European Union, following World War II marked only with a low wall, about 30 cm high, running along the length of the street. There was a separate 2-way road on each side, cars had to pass through the official crossing points, but pedestrians could step over the wall.
In 1995, the wall was removed as part of the new Schengen Area agreement. Nieuwstraat/Neustraße is now a single two-way road, with the extra space now occupied with trees and bicycle lanes; the border is unmarked, is crossed when going round a roundabout or overtaking a vehicle. The two towns now share some of their public services, promote themselves as a binational "City of Eurode" for economic development purposes, they share a binational office complex which uses the Eurode name, is built so that the border passes directly through the centre of the building's main lobby, with one wing of the building in Kerkrade and the other in Herzogenrath. Kerkrade's outlying neighborhoods and housing developments include: Every fourth year the World Music Contest, a competition for amateur and military bands, is held in Kerkrade. For the last three years, the Drum Corps Europe championships have been held here. Kerkrade has 4 railway stations: Kerkrade Centrum Chevremont Eygelshoven Eygelshoven MarktAnother station, Kerkrade West or Spekholzerheide, closed for public rail in 1988, since 1992 it is in use by a museum-railway company, ZLSM.
The building of a dam in the Anstel, a brook flowing west of Kerkrade, has led to the formation of a reservoir with an area of about 20 ha. This and its surroundings are rich in flora and fauna, it is the only reservoir in the Netherlands. Roda JC powerarea Wiel Coerver - footballer and manager Willy Brokamp – footballer Gerd Leers – politician Heintje Simons – singer Pierre Vermeulen – footballer René Trost – footballer Sieb Dijkstra – footballer Jörg Müller – race driver Roy Bejas – footballer List of mayors of Kerkrade Kerkrade travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website
The Mandemakers Stadion is a multi-use stadium in Waalwijk, Netherlands. It is used for football matches; the stadium is able to hold 7,500 people and was built in 1996
Abe Lenstra Stadion
Abe Lenstra Stadion is a football stadium in Heerenveen, Netherlands. It is used as a home ground for Eredivisie club Heerenveen; the current capacity is 26,100. The stadium is named after Abe Lenstra considered to be the greatest Heerenveen player in the history of the club. Abe joined the club aged 15 years. After 17 years at Heerenveen, he joined SC Enschede in 1954, he left this club in 1960 to join SC Enschede's archrival Enschedese Boys. In 1963 he stopped playing football at the age of 42. In total he scored. Abe died on 2 September 1985, he was 64 years old, at the eve of what was to become the only international match to be played in the community sportspark, to become the Abe Lenstrastadium; the construction of the stadium started in 1993. The plan was to build a stadium with open corners, but when the construction was well underway the club decided to close the gaps. At the time the building was finished, it had a maximum capacity of 14,500. On 20 August 1994 the stadium was opened by Prince Willem-Alexander of the Dutch royal family.
He made the symbolic first kick-off in this stadium. After the opening the first match started between PSV Eindhoven. At the time Ronaldo played at PSV, this match was his first one in Europe; because SC Heerenveen kept growing and the results were getting better every year, the club planned the first expansion of the stadium in 2002. The capacity of the stadium was doubled to 26,100 seats. Throughout the years empty spots in the stadium were filled with seats. Together with some other changes in the stadium the number of seats increased to the current 26,800. In 2011 there was a plan to have another expansion of the stadium, taking the capacity to 32,000; the construction should be ready for the start of the 2012/2013 Eredivisie season. The reason for the expansion is the growing waiting list for the club's season tickets. Along with that, more people in the stadium means more income which leads to a bigger budget for the club to work with. However, this expansion was seen as financially unfeasible.
There were plans to expand the stadium to 29,000 seats over the course of the summer of 2012, however the economic downturn shelved these plans. As part of the combined Netherlands and Belgium bid to host the 2018 or 2022 FIFA World Cup, the stadium was one of five stadiums in the Netherlands selected by the KNVB to host games. A successful bid would have meant that the stadium capacity would have been increased to the minimum required seating of 44,000. In the beginning of December 2010 FIFA announced. Just before the announcement of the World Cup the club announced that the next expansion would be postponed; the other four selected host cities in the Netherlands were Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Enschede
Stadion Galgenwaard is a football stadium in Utrecht, the home of the football club FC Utrecht since 1970. The stadium, which underwent a renovation starting at the beginning of the 21st century, has a capacity of 23,750 spectators; the stadium reopened in 1982 after an extensive facelift. At the time it was one of the most modern stadiums in the world due to the moat around the pitch. After twenty years FC Utrecht felt the need for renewal; the main stand was opened for the start of the 2001 -- 2002 season. The old main stand was rebuilt after that and a year FC Utrecht had two new stands along the sides of the pitch. Last season, the goal stands were replaced, the stadium now has 24,426 seats. Seven international matches of the Dutch national football team were played in the stadium, the first one being on April 27, 1983: a friendly against Sweden; the last one, played on September 3, 2004, was a friendly: a 3–0 win against Liechtenstein. The stadium was the host of 2 World Cup finals. In 1998, the Dutch hockey team became world champions, beating Spain in the final 3–2.
In 2005, the final of the Football World Youth Championship was played in the Galgenwaard. Argentina won, beating Nigeria 2–1. During the UEFA Women's Euro 2017, the stadium hosted. Media related to Stadion Galgenwaard at Wikimedia Commons VoetbalStats Stadion Galgenwaard
De Adelaarshorst is a multi-use stadium in Deventer, Netherlands. It is used for football matches and is the home stadium of Go Ahead Eagles; the stadium is able to hold 10,400 people and was built in 1920. The stadium hosted a qualifying match for the 1974 FIFA World Cup between the Netherlands and Iceland; the Dutch won the game 8-1. VoetbalStats
Rabobank IJmond Stadion
Rabobank IJmond Stadion is the home ground of the Dutch first-division football team Telstar. It is located in Velsen-Zuid 25 kilometers west of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, it was opened in 1948, with minor renovations in 1999. The stadium, with a capacity of 3.060, consists of an all-seater east stand, a small terraced south stand, an all-seater west stand. On the south stand are no seats; the latter stand was built in 2009 and has several built-in features, including new changing rooms and improved sponsor seating
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people; the largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000. Safety is a primary concern in determining the seating capacity of a venue: "Seating capacity, seating layouts and densities are dictated by legal requirements for the safe evacuation of the occupants in the event of fire"; the International Building Code specifies, "In places of assembly, the seats shall be securely fastened to the floor" but provides exceptions if the total number of seats is fewer than 100, if there is a substantial amount of space available between seats or if the seats are at tables.
It delineates the number of available exits for interior balconies and galleries based on the seating capacity, sets forth the number of required wheelchair spaces in a table derived from the seating capacity of the space. The International Fire Code, portions of which have been adopted by many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility than the construction, it specifies, "For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms, the occupant load shall not be less than the number of seats based on one person for each 18 inches of seating length". It requires that every public venue submit a detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including "details of the means of egress, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating...."Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of seating capacity turn on the total size of the venue, its purpose. For sports venues, the "decision on maximum seating capacity is determined by several factors. Chief among these are the primary sports program and the size of the market area".
In motion picture venues, the "limit of seating capacity is determined by the maximal viewing distance for a given size of screen", with image quality for closer viewers declining as the screen is expanded to accommodate more distant viewers. Seating capacity of venues plays a role in what media they are able to provide and how they are able to provide it. In contracting to permit performers to use a theatre or other performing space, the "seating capacity of the performance facility must be disclosed". Seating capacity may influence the kind of contract to be the royalties to be given; the seating capacity must be disclosed to the copyright owner in seeking a license for the copyrighted work to be performed in that venue. Venues that may be leased for private functions such as ballrooms and auditoriums advertise their seating capacity. Seating capacity is an important consideration in the construction and use of sports venues such as stadiums and arenas; when entities such as the National Football League's Super Bowl Committee decide on a venue for a particular event, seating capacity, which reflects the possible number of tickets that can be sold for the event, is an important consideration.
The seating capacity for restaurants is reported as'covers'. Seating capacity differs from total capacity, which describes the total number of people who can fit in a venue or in a vehicle either sitting or standing. Where seating capacity is a legal requirement, however, as it is in movie theatres and on aircraft, the law reflects the fact that the number of people allowed in should not exceed the number who can be seated. Use of the term "public capacity" indicates that a venue is allowed to hold more people than it can seat. Again, the maximum total number of people can refer to either the physical space available or limitations set by law. All-seater stadium List of stadiums by capacity List of football stadiums by capacity List of American football stadiums by capacity List of rugby league stadiums by capacity List of rugby union stadiums by capacity List of tennis stadiums by capacity Seating assignment