Gender violence

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Gender violence, also known as gender-based violence or gender based violence, encompasses a large variety of crimes committed like rape, sexual harassment, stalking, human trafficking, domestic abuse, genital mutilation, and forced prostitution all based on ones gender.[1] Although much gender-based violence is directed towards women and, the terms are often treated as if they were interchangeable, gender violence is not exclusively used to refer to violence against women.[1] Thus, violence against men, boys, transgender people, or people targeted due to LGBTQI status can also be classified as gender-based violence.[1]

Gender is a high predictor of rape, sexual assault, and domestic abuse. According to RAINN, 99% of rape cases are committed by men, whether the person targeted is female, male, or a member of the LBGTQI community.[2] With that said every 98 seconds an American experiences sexual violence.[2] The term gender violence has a strong connotation with violence against women, because 1 in 3 women globally experience physical and or sexual violence within their lifetime.[3] Risk factors for these acts to occur are low levels of education, anti-social personality disorder, alcohol abuse, attitudes that condone violence, and past histories of violence.[3]

Gender violence in the LBGTQI community has had a focus of transgender people.[3] In 2017, 25 transgender people were killed based on there gender identification in the United States alone; and out of those 25 people killed, 80% of them identified as female.[4] The LGBTQI community is a large target for gendered hate crimes because of people not believing in there lifestyles and or gender changes.[4] The has to do with the concept of the heterosexual matrix, which was coined by author Judith Butler in her book Gender Trouble.[5] The heterosexual matrix includes the concept that society must follow an invisible norm of a hetero way of living.[5] You see a pattern here with regards to gender minorities being singled out for how they identify. This comes down to cultural views and how people view gender.[4] These crimes committed are driven by unprecedented biases and or hatred against a certain group like females, and or transgender people.[6]

According to activist Jackson Katz , one of the most important things you can do is approach gender violence as a man's issue.[7] As men can be the perpetrator, victim, or a bystander.[7] It is important they receive the education to understand how to deal with this issue.[7] Promoting concepts such as gender equality and integrating it in school-curriculum can prevent gender-based violence.[8] Another way is to recognize when you see violence being enacted and speaking out as you may be saving someone's life.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. Definition and forms of gender-based violence | The response to Gender-Based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia". www.health-genderviolence.org. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Victims of Sexual Violence: Statistics | RAINN". www.rainn.org. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  3. ^ a b c "Violence against women". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  4. ^ a b c Campaign, Human Rights. "Alarming Report on Rising Violence Against the Trans Community | Human Rights Campaign". Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  5. ^ a b Tredway, Kristi (2014). "Judith Butler Redux – the Heterosexual Matrix and the Out Lesbian Athlete: Amélie Mauresmo, Gender Performance, and Women's Professional Tennis". Journal of the Philosophy of Sport. 41 (2): 163–176. 
  6. ^ "Sexual Violence is a Hate Crime | National Organization for Women". now.org. Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  7. ^ a b c Katz, Jackson, Violence against women -- it's a men's issue, retrieved 2018-04-25 
  8. ^ a b "10 Things Men Can do to Prevent Gender Violence". mavaw.org. Retrieved 2018-04-24.